EP0635814B1 - Installation for informing busnetwork users about waiting times - Google Patents

Installation for informing busnetwork users about waiting times Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0635814B1
EP0635814B1 EP19940401220 EP94401220A EP0635814B1 EP 0635814 B1 EP0635814 B1 EP 0635814B1 EP 19940401220 EP19940401220 EP 19940401220 EP 94401220 A EP94401220 A EP 94401220A EP 0635814 B1 EP0635814 B1 EP 0635814B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
signals
means
appliance
installation
dates
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Expired - Lifetime
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EP19940401220
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0635814A1 (en
Inventor
Eric Carreel
Jean-Claude Decaux
Jacques Lewiner
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Decaux Jean Claude
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Decaux Jean Claude
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Priority to FR9306725A priority Critical patent/FR2706059B1/en
Priority to FR9306725 priority
Application filed by Decaux Jean Claude filed Critical Decaux Jean Claude
Publication of EP0635814A1 publication Critical patent/EP0635814A1/en
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Publication of EP0635814B1 publication Critical patent/EP0635814B1/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/06Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems
    • G07B15/063Arrangements for road pricing or congestion charging of vehicles or vehicle users, e.g. automatic toll systems using wireless information transmission between the vehicle and a fixed station
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/123Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating the position of vehicles, e.g. scheduled vehicles; Managing passenger vehicles circulating according to a fixed timetable, e.g. buses, trains, trams

Description

  • L'invention est relative aux installations destinées à informer les usagers d'un réseau d'autobus sur les temps d'attente des autobus aux arrêts de ce réseau. The invention relates to installations for informing users of a bus network on waiting times of buses at stops of this network.
  • Elle concerne plus particulièrement celles, de ces installations, qui comprennent, d'une part, des moyens, comprenant eux-mêmes un poste central, pour recueillir des données identifiant les positions instantanées des différents autobus qui circulent sur les différentes lignes du réseau, des moyens pour élaborer à partir de ces données des signaux électriques d'information sur lesdites positions et des moyens pour émettre ces signaux par voie électromagnétique, et d'autre part, une pluralité de boîtiers récepteurs portatifs comprenant chacun des moyens pour recevoir les signaux ci-dessus et sélectionner ceux, de ces signaux, qui concernent les autobus attendus à un arrêt donné d'une ligne donnée du réseau et des moyens pour exploiter les signaux ainsi sélectionnés aux fins d'affichage des temps d'attente desdits autobus audit arrêt. It more particularly those of these facilities, which include, firstly, means, themselves comprising a central station to collect data identifying the instantaneous positions of the various buses that operate on the various lines of the network, means for deriving from the data of electrical information signals on said positions and means for transmitting these signals by electromagnetic means, and secondly, a plurality of portable receiver appliances each including means for receiving signals below above and selecting those of these signals which relate to expected given bus stop of a given line of the network and means for evaluating the signals thus selected for display wait time of said bus to said judgment.
  • Une telle installation a par exemple été décrite dans le brevet FRANCE n° 92 09042 du demandeur. Such an installation has for example been disclosed in FRANCE No. 92 09042 of the applicant.
  • Ces installations sont très intéressantes pour les usagers détenteurs des boîtiers portatifs ci-dessus puisque ces usagers peuvent connaître les instants de passage des "prochains autobus" aux stations où ils se proposent de monter dans ces autobus, ce qui leur permet de gérer de façon à la fois beaucoup plus efficace et reposante les instants qui précèdent leur arrivée à la station de "montée". These facilities are very interesting for users holders of portable appliances above since these users may experience moments of passage "next bus" stations where they intend to get on these buses, allowing them to manage so both more efficient and relaxing moments preceding their arrival at the station "up".
  • La présente invention a pour but d'améliorer encore ces installations sur plusieurs points. The present invention aims to further improve these facilities on several points.
  • Il est à noter à cet égard que le service consistant à renseigner les usagers du réseau sur les temps d'attente des autobus à emprunter par ces usagers implique des frais d'équipement, de fonctionnement, de mise à jour, etc. It should be noted in this regard that the service of information system users on waiting buses time to borrow for these users entails capital costs, operation, upgrade, etc.
  • L'entreprise qui gère ce service peut envisager de récupérer ses frais à l'occasion de la seule acquisition des récepteurs portatifs par les usagers. The company manages this service may consider to recover its costs during the single acquisition walkie by users.
  • Cette formule peut donner satisfaction dans certains cas. This formula may be satisfactory in some cases.
  • Mais elle peut aussi présenter certains inconvénients, et en particulier les suivants : But it can also present some disadvantages, and in particular the following:
    • le prix de vente de chaque boîtier peut être considéré comme relativement élevé par son usager potentiel, ce qui peut freiner la diffusion desdits boîtiers, et donc limiter la rentabilité de l'installation, the sale price of each housing can be considered relatively high potential user, which can slow the spread of said cases, and thus limit the profitability of the installation,
    • la formule ne tient pas compte de la durée d'usage effective de chaque boîtier, ce qui n'est pas équitable, les usages limités à une courte période étant défavorisés par rapport à ceux qui s'étendent sur des périodes plus longues. the formula does not take into account the actual use time of each housing, which is not fair, uses limited to a short period being disadvantaged with respect to those which extend over longer periods.
  • Les inventeurs ont donc eu l'idée d'associer à l'usage des boîtiers considérés des périodes payantes d'abonnement. The inventors have had the idea to combine the use of housings considered paid subscription periods.
  • Cette formule présente le grand avantage de permettre une mise à la disposition du public gratuite ou quasiment gratuite des boîtiers portatifs, les usages effectifs de ces boîtiers n'étant autorisés qu'au cours de périodes d'abonnement appropriées moyennant le versement de redevances proportionnées par les usagers à l'entreprise exploitante. This formula has the great advantage of allowing available to the public free or virtually free of portable appliances, the actual uses of these boxes being allowed that in appropriate subscription periods for the payment of royalties proportionate users to the operating company.
  • L'invention a pour but, surtout, de rendre possible et même facile la mise en oeuvre d'une telle formule de fonctionnement basée sur des abonnements payants périodiques. The invention is aimed, above all, to make it possible and even easy implementation of such an operating formula based on periodic paid subscriptions.
  • A cet effet, les boîtiers récepteurs portatifs du genre en question selon l'invention sont essentiellement caractérisés en ce qu'ils comprennent : To this end, the portable receiver appliances of the kind in question according to the invention are essentially characterized in that they comprise:
    • un circuit d'identification du boîtier comportant lui-même une mémoire se prêtant à l'enregistrement d'un symbole codé d'identification, et des moyens permettant de comparer à ce symbole enregistré les symboles du même type compris par des signaux électromagnétiques de contrôle reçus par le boîtier et pour asservir aux résultats corrects de ces comparaisons l'exécution des contrôles affectés à ces signaux, an identification circuit housing itself comprising a memory lending itself to recording a coded identification symbol, and means for comparing this symbol stored symbols of the same type by including electromagnetic control signals received by the housing and to enslave the correct results of these comparisons the checks assigned to these signals,
    • et un circuit de contrôle de validité du boîtier comprenant lui-même une mémoire se prêtant aux enregistrements successifs de symboles codés représentant des dates F "de fin d'abonnement" et des moyens pour comparer à chaque date F enregistrée au cours d'une période donnée les dates réelles R d'émission des signaux de contrôle ci-dessus au cours de cette période et pour asservir aux résultats corrects de ces comparaisons l'accès des signaux utiles aux circuits d'exploitation du boîtier. and a validity check circuit housing itself comprising a memory suitable for successive recordings of coded symbols for dates F "subscription end" and means for comparing each date F recorded during a period given the actual dates R emission of the above control signals during this period and to enslave the correct results of these comparisons access useful signals to the operating circuits of the case.
  • En d'autres termes, le boîtier est automatiquement neutralisé lorsque la date F est dépassée, c'est-à-dire dès que la période d'abonnement pour laquelle l'usager a acquitté la redevance correspondante est achevée. In other words, the case is automatically neutralized when the date F is exceeded, that is to say as soon as the subscription period for which the user has paid the charge is completed.
  • Bien entendu, l'installation d'information comprend en outre, au niveau de son poste central, des moyens pour élaborer et émettre les signaux électromagnétiques de contrôle codés propres, d'une part, à être identifiés par les boîtiers et, d'autre part, à comparer les dates réelles R aux dates de fin d'abonnement F enregistrées dans ces boîtiers. Of course, the information system further comprises, at its central position, means for generating and transmitting electromagnetic coded control signals own, firstly, to be identified by the boxes and, share, compared to the actual dates a subscription end dates F recorded in these cases.
  • Dans des modes de réalisation préférés, on a recours en outre à l'une et/ou à l'autre des dispositions suivantes : In preferred embodiments, recourse is further had to one and / or other of the following provisions:
    • la mémoire adaptée à l'enregistrement des dates F de fin d'abonnement est agencée de façon telle qu'elle se prête au remplacement de chaque date de fin d'abonnement par une autre date moyennant la simple réception de signaux électriques appropriés, le poste central étant agencé de son côté de façon à élaborer et émettre de tels signaux de réabonnement, memory adapted to record dates F subscription end is arranged such that it lends itself to replacing each end date of subscription by a later date by means of the simple reception of appropriate electrical signals, the position exchange being arranged on its side so as to prepare and transmit such subscription renewal signals,
    • le boîtier portatif comprend un écran vidéo ainsi que des moyens pour afficher sur cet écran un message en clair signifiant la fin de l'abonnement ainsi qu'éventuellement les conséquences à en tirer dès que la date F de fin d'abonnement enregistrée dans le boîtier est dépassée. the portable housing includes and means video screen to display on the screen a message in clear signifying the end of the subscription and possibly the consequences to be drawn from that date F subscription end recorded in the housing is exceeded.
  • L'invention vise non seulement les installations d'information du genre en question dans leur généralité, mais également les boîtiers récepteurs portatifs compris par ces installations. The invention relates not only to the kind of information facilities in question in their generality, but also housings walkie understood by those facilities.
  • Elle comprend, mises à part les dispositions principales explicitées ci-dessus, certaines autres dispositions qui s'utilisent de préférence en même temps et dont il sera plus explicitement question ci-après. It includes, apart from the main provisions explained above, certain other arrangements which are preferably used at the same time and which will be explained in more detail below.
  • Dans ce qui suit, l'on va décrire un mode de réalisation préféré de l'invention en se référant au dessin ci-annexé d'une manière bien entendu non limitative. In what follows, we will describe a preferred embodiment of the invention with reference to the drawing attached hereto a course without limitation.
  • Les figures 1 et 2 de ce dessin montrent très schématiquement un boîtier portatif conforme à l'invention, respectivement en son état valide correspondant à une période d'abonnement et en son état neutralisé en fin d'abonnement. Figures 1 and 2 of the drawing shows very schematically a portable housing according to the invention, respectively in its state corresponding to a valid subscription period and its offset end subscription status.
  • On se propose d'informer les usagers des autobus d'un réseau urbain qui désirent monter dans un tel autobus à un arrêt ou station donné d'une ligne donnée dudit réseau, sur les temps d'attente réels des "prochains autobus" attendus à ladite station. It is intended to inform users of the bus an urban network who wish to ride in such a bus a stop or station given a particular line of said network, the actual wait time "next bus" expected at said station.
  • A cet effet, comme indiqué par exemple dans le brevet FRANCE n° 92 09042 du demandeur, on prévoit des boîtiers portatifs 1 mis à la disposition des usagers et propres à coopérer avec un poste central conçu de façon à élaborer et à émettre cycliquement par voie électromagnétique des signaux d'information S sur les positions instantanées réelles respectives des autobus du réseau, lesdits boîtiers comportant chacun une source de courant électrique 2, des moyens d'interrogation actionnables par les usagers, propres à identifier chaque station de "montée" désirée, des moyens propres à recevoir les signaux ci-dessus et à sélectionner ceux, de ces signaux qui concernent au moins le "prochain autobus" attendu à la station identifiée, des moyens propres à élaborer des informations liées aux temps d'attente de ce prochain autobus à ladite station et des moyens, comprenant un écran vidéo 3, propres à afficher ces informations. To this end, as shown for example in patent FRANCE No. 92 09042 of the applicant, there is provided portable housings 1 made available to users and adapted to cooperate with a central unit designed to prepare and transmit cyclically through electromagnetic S information signals on the respective actual instantaneous positions of the network bus, said housings each having an electric power source 2, interrogation means operable by the users own identifying each station "up" desired, means capable of receiving the above signals and to select those, these signals concerning at least the "next bus" expected at the station identified, the appropriate means to develop information related to waiting time of the next bus at said station, and means including a video screen 3, adapted to display this information.
  • Les moyens d'interrogation, de réception, de sélection et d'élaboration ci-dessus comprennent en particulier une antenne réceptrice 4, un circuit 5 d'amplification, démodulation et décodage associé à cette antenne, des touches de commande 6 et des moyens de mémoire et de calcul 7 particulièrement légers et peu encombrants, notamment du type des microprocesseurs. The interrogation means, reception, selection and above preparation include in particular a receiving antenna 4, a circuit 5 for amplification, demodulation and decoding associated with the antenna, the control keys 6 and means memory and calculation 7 particularly light and compact, especially the microprocessor type.
  • Dans les modes de réalisation qui ont été proposés dans le brevet ci-dessus, la détermination et l'affichage des temps d'attente d'autobus peuvent être exécutés à tout instant, sous la commande des touches 6. In the embodiments that have been proposed in the above patent, determining and displaying bus waiting times can be executed at any time, under the control keys 6.
  • Dans les présents modes de réalisation, on prévoit des moyens pour ne rendre possible une telle exécution que pendant des périodes d'abonnement prédéterminées et payantes et pour les interdire automatiquement en dehors de ces périodes. In these embodiments, means are provided only to enable such implementation that during predetermined periods subscription and pay and to prohibit automatically outside these periods.
  • Ces moyens comprennent, dans chaque boîtier 1 : These means comprise, in each case 1:
    • un circuit 8 d'identification du boîtier comprenant une mémoire qui se prête à l'enregistrement d'un symbole codé d'identification, des moyens permettant de comparer à ce symbole des symboles du même genre qui accompagnent certains des signaux d'exploitation S ou "signaux de contrôle" et des moyens pour n'envoyer ces derniers signaux sur la sortie 9 dudit circuit 8 que si ladite comparaison révèle une identité, a circuit 8 Identification of the housing comprising a memory that lends itself to recording a coded identification symbol, means for comparing this symbol symbols of the same kind that accompany certain operating signals S or "control signals", and means for not sending these signals to the output 9 of the circuit 8 that if said comparison reveals an identity,
    • et un circuit 10 de contrôle de validité de la période d'abonnement relié à la sortie 9 et comportant une mémoire 11 qui se prête à l'enregistrement d'un symbole codé représentant une date F de fin d'abonnement, des moyens pour comparer à cette date codée la date codée réelle R d'élaboration de chaque signal de contrôle reçu, date qui accompagne ce signal ou qui est déterminée par une horloge portée par le boîtier, et des moyens pour asservir à toute réponse négative de cette comparaison une interdiction d'accès au circuit 7 pour les signaux d'exploitation S. and a circuit 10 validity checking of the subscription period connected to the output 9 and 11 having a memory that lends itself to recording a coded symbol representing a date F subscription end, means for comparing this coded date real date R encoded development of each received control signal, when this signal which accompanies or is determined by a clock carried by the housing, and means for slaving to any negative response of this comparison a prohibition access circuit 7 for operating signals S.
  • Ces derniers moyens d'interdiction sont symbolisés sur les dessins par le cercle barré 12 monté sur le conducteur reliant entre eux les deux sous-ensembles 5 et 7. These inhibiting means are symbolized in the drawings by the circle with 12 mounted on the conductor interconnecting the two sub-assemblies 5 and 7.
  • On voit en outre en 14 un conducteur reliant directement au circuit de contrôle 10 la sortie du circuit 5. further seen in a conductor connecting 14 directly to the control circuit 10 the output of the circuit 5.
  • Par ailleurs, le poste central de l'installation comprend des moyens propres à engendrer les signaux électromagnétiques requis pour le fonctionnement, signaux porteurs de codes appropriés correspondant aux symboles d'identification des boîtiers, aux dates réelles R de mise en oeuvre effective de ces boîtiers, ou tout au moins aux comparaisons entre ces dates, élaborées à bord des boîtiers, et les dates F enregistrées dans ceux-ci, et, pour le mode de réalisation préféré décrit plus loin, aux dates des fins d'abonnement et de réabonnement. Furthermore, the central station of the plant comprises means adapted to generate electromagnetic signals required for operation, carrier signals of appropriate codes corresponding to the identification symbols of the housings, the real dates R effective implementation of these housings or at least to comparisons between those dates, prepared on board housings F and dates recorded therein, and for the preferred embodiment described below, the dates for subscription and resubscribe.
  • On peut également faire comprendre audit poste central des moyens pour enregistrer les symboles d'identification des différents boîtiers 1 ainsi que les dates de fin d'abonnement associées à ces boîtiers. It is also understood to said central station means for recording the identification symbols of different housings 1 and the subscription end dates associated with these cases.
  • Le fonctionnement de l'installation est le suivant. The operation of the plant is as follows.
  • On suppose que l'abonnement souscrit par l'usager détenteur du boîtier 1 expire le 1er juillet 1993 dans le cas de la figure 1 et le 1er juin 1993 dans le cas de la figure 2 et que la date de mise en oeuvre réelle du boîtier est le 6 juin 1993. It is assumed that the subscription taken by the user holds the housing 1 shall expire on 1 July 1993 in the case of Figure 1 and 1 June 1993 in the case of Figure 2 and the date of actual implementation of the housing is June 6, 1993.
  • Dans le cas de la figure 1, la période d'abonnement correspondant au boîtier 1 n'est pas achevée. In the case of Figure 1, the subscription period corresponding to the housing 1 is not completed.
  • La commande des boutons 6 appropriés permet alors d'obtenir au gré de l'usager les affichages désirés des temps d'attente d'autobus sur l'écran 3. The control of the appropriate buttons 6 then provides the option of the user displays the desired bus wait times on the screen 3.
  • En effet, les signaux S alors reçus par l'antenne 4 et traités par les circuits 5 sont appliqués sur les circuits de traitement 7 sans être interrompus au niveau du "verrou" 12. Indeed, S then received by the antenna 4 and signals processed by the circuit 5 are applied to the processing circuit 7 without being interrupted at the "latch" 12.
  • Ce verrou 12 est en effet maintenu dans sa position d'autorisation pour la double raison suivante : This lock 12 is indeed held in its authorization position for the double reason:
    • les signaux de contrôle sortant des circuits 5, puis des circuits 8 après identification par le boîtier 1, sont appliqués sur le circuit 10, et la comparaison temporelle alors effectuée dans ce dernier circuit entre la date réelle R et la date du 1er juillet 1993 y enregistrée révèle l'état de validité du boîtier à l'instant considéré, the outgoing control signals of the circuits 5, and then circuit 8 after identification by the housing 1, are applied to the circuit 10, and the temporal comparison then carried out in the latter circuit between the real date R and date 1 July 1993 there recorded reveals the validity status of the case at the time concerned,
    • indépendamment de toute identification du boîtier, la même vérification temporelle peut être effectuée au passage, à travers la connexion 14, par tous les signaux d'exploitation S porteurs d'une identification adéquate des dates réelles R. independently of any identification of the casing, the same timing verification can be effected in passage through the connection 14, by all the holders S operating signals of a proper identification of actual dates A.
  • Au contraire, dans le cas de la figure 2, la période d'abonnement correspondant au boîtier 1 est terminée. On the contrary, in the case of Figure 2, the subscription period corresponding to the housing 1 is completed.
  • Dans ce cas, les signaux d'exploitation sortant des circuits 5 ne peuvent atteindre les circuits 7, étant arrêtés au niveau du "verrou" 12. In this case, the outgoing operating signals from the circuits 5 can not reach the circuits 7, being stopped at the "latch" 12.
  • Ce verrou est en effet actionné par le fait que des signaux de contrôle après avoir été appliqués sur le circuit de comparaison 10 à travers le circuit 8 ou la connexion 14, ont subi dans ledit circuit 10 le contrôle négatif dû au fait que la date du 1er juin 1993 enregistrée dans celui-ci est dépassée : ce contrôle négatif a pour effet de placer le "verrou" 12 en sa position de fermeture. This lock is in fact activated by the fact that control signals after having been applied to the comparison circuit 10 through the circuit 8 or the connection 14, suffered in said circuit 10 the negative control due to the fact that the date of 1 June 1993 recorded therein is exceeded: this negative control has the effect of placing the "lock" 12 in its closed position.
  • Les actionnements de l'usager sur les boutons 6 ne peuvent alors conduire à aucune conséquence utile au plan de l'affichage sur l'écran 3. The actuations of the user buttons 6 can then lead to no useful result in the display of map on the screen 3.
  • Dans un mode de réalisation préféré, la neutralisation du boîtier qui vient d'être décrite au niveau du verrou 12 s'accompagne de l'affichage d'un message en clair approprié sur l'écran 3. In a preferred embodiment, the neutralization of the housing which has just been described at the lock 12 is accompanied by the display of an appropriate message in clear on the screen 3.
  • Ce message est par exemple élaboré par le circuit schématisé par la référence 13 sur les dessins. This message is for example produced by the circuit shown schematically by reference 13 in the drawings.
  • Ledit message peut être tout simplement "fin d'abonnement". Said message may be simply "end subscription."
  • Il peut être accompagné d'une indication en clair donnant à l'usager la marche à suivre pour renouveler son abonnement. It can be accompanied by a clear indication giving the user the procedure to renew his subscription.
  • Ce renouvellement peut être obtenu très simplement selon le mode de réalisation préféré suivant. This renewal can be obtained easily according to the following preferred embodiment.
  • L'usager qui désire renouveler son abonnement exprime son désir à l'un des responsables de l'installation, de toute façon désirable, par exemple par échange direct avec celui-ci à un guichet, par téléphone, par l'intermédiaire d'un appareil automatique du genre de ceux connus sous la désignation "Minitel", etc., en acquittant en même temps le prix correspondant à la nouvelle période d'abonnement, le paiement correspondant pouvant être lui-même effectué de toute façon désirable, par exemple par communication des coordonnées d'une carte de crédit appartenant à l'usager, par prélèvement sur un compte bancaire de ce dernier, etc. The user who wishes to renew his subscription expresses his desire to one of the leaders of the installation in any desirable manner, for example by direct exchange with it at a counter, by telephone, via a automatic device of the type known under the name "Minitel", etc., by paying at the same time the price for the new subscription period, the corresponding payment being himself made in any desirable manner, for example by coordinates communication of a credit card belonging to the user, out of a bank account of the latter, etc.
  • Dès lors, le responsable de l'installation fait élaborer et émettre par le poste central des signaux électromagnétiques correspondant au réabonnement désiré. Therefore, the head of the installation is developed and transmitted by the central station electromagnetic signals corresponding to the desired subscription renewal.
  • Ces signaux, qui comprennent la nouvelle date F' de fin d'abonnement ainsi que le numéro d'identification du boîtier à revalider, sont, comme précédemment décrit, envoyés et reçus par les circuits 4, 5, 8 et 10, et ils sont agencés de façon à remplacer dans la mémoire 11 du boîtier 1 concerné la date périmée F de fin d'abonnement qui y était enregistrée par la nouvelle date F', postérieure à celle de l'opération de réabonnement. These signals, which include the new date F 'subscription end and the housing identifier to revalidate are as previously described, sent and received by the circuits 4, 5, 8 and 10, and they are arranged so as to replace in the memory 11 of the housing 1 concerned the expired date F subscription end which was recorded therein by the new date F 'longer than that of the subscription renewal operation.
  • Le boîtier 1 est alors revalidé et l'usager peut à nouveau l'utiliser tout au long de la nouvelle période d'abonnement. The housing 1 is then revalidated and the user can again use throughout the new subscription period.
  • En suite de quoi, et quel que soit le mode de réalisation adopté, on dispose finalement d'une installation d'information des usagers d'un réseau d'autobus, installation dont la constitution et le fonctionnement résultent suffisamment de ce qui précède. Following which, and whatever the embodiment adopted, there is finally provided a user information installing a bus network installation whose construction and operation follow sufficiently from the foregoing.
  • Cette installation présente sur celles actuellement connues l'avantage qui consiste à réserver les privilèges de son exploitation à des abonnés ayant acquitté au préalable un droit d'abonnement approprié : cette formule permet en particulier de diffuser les boîtiers récepteurs portatifs de l'installation sur la base d'un prix d'acquisition unitaire modique, voire de la gratuité, les charges de l'entreprise gestionnaire de l'installation pouvant être alors récupérées essentiellement au niveau des abonnements. This installation presents over those currently known the advantage of reserving the privileges of its operations to subscribers who have paid in advance an appropriate right of subscription: this is allowing in particular to disseminate portable receiver appliances installation on basis of a low price per security, or even free, loads of business manager of the installation can then be recovered essentially at the level of subscriptions.
  • Comme il va de soi, et comme il résulte d'ailleurs déjà de ce qui précède, l'invention ne se limite nullement à ceux de ses modes d'application et de réalisation qui ont été plus spécialement envisagés ; As it is evident, and as results already from the foregoing, the invention is not limited to those of its modes of application and embodiments which have been more especially considered; elle en embrasse, au contraire, toutes les variantes, notamment : it embraces, on the contrary, all variants include:
    • celles où la date de fin d'abonnement F correspondant à chaque boîtier ne serait pas enregistrée telle quelle dans ce boîtier, mais sous une forme indirecte définie par exemple par l'ensemble d'une date de départ d'abonnement et d'une durée d'abonnement à compter de cette date, those where the subscription end date F corresponding to each case is not registered as such in this case, but in an indirect form defined for example by an entire subscription departure date and duration subscription to that date,
    • celles où les renouvellements des abonnements, obtenus par remplacement de la date de fin d'abonnement enregistrée dans la mémoire 11 par une date postérieure, seraient effectués à l'aide de signaux transmis non pas par voie électromagnétique, mais par fil, those where the subscription renewals, obtained by replacing the registered subscription end date in the memory 11 by a later date, be performed using signals transmitted not electromagnetically, but by wire,
    • celles où les enregistrements et comparaisons relatifs aux signaux codés d'identification du boîtier et aux signaux codés représentant les dates seraient regroupés au lieu d'être séparés comme supposé ci-dessus en référence aux circuits 8 et 10, those in which recordings and comparisons relating to the identification of coded signals of the housing and the dates representative coded signals would be combined instead of being separated as assumed above with reference to the circuits 8 and 10,
    • et celles où des codes spéciaux seraient affectés aux signaux de commande des réabonnements et/ou aux signaux de contrôle pour éviter tout risque de fraude. and those with special codes would be assigned to control signals renewals and / or control signals to prevent any risk of fraud.

Claims (6)

  1. An installation for informing the users of a bus network on bus waiting times at stops of the network, the installation comprising firstly means themselves including a central station for collecting data identifying the instantaneous positions of various buses travelling along the various lines of the network, means for generating electrical signals on the basis of said data for the purpose of providing information about said positions, and means for transmitting said signals over an electromagnetic path; and also a plurality of portable receiver appliances (1) each including means for receiving the above signals and for selecting from said signals those relating to the buses expected at a given stop of a given line of the network, and means for making use of the signals selected in this way for the purpose of displaying the waiting times for said buses at said stop, the installation being characterized in that each portable receiver appliance further comprises an appliance identification circuit (8) itself including a memory that lends itself to recording a coded identification symbol, means enabling said recorded symbol to be compared with symbols of the same type included in the electromagnetic check signals received by the appliance and for making execution of the checking performed by said signals contingent on correct results of such comparisons; and a circuit (10) for checking the validity of the appliance, itself comprising a memory (11) lending itself to recording successive code symbols representing expiry dates F and means for comparing the real dates R on which the above-mentioned check signals are transmitted with each date F recorded during a given period, and for making access of signals useful to the operating circuits (7) of the appliance contingent on correct results of said comparisons, and in that the central station includes means for generating and transmitting encoded check signals suitable, firstly, for being identified by the appliances, and secondly, for comparing the real dates R with the expiry dates F recorded in the appliances.
  2. An installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the check signals themselves include encoded portions representing the real dates R on which said signals are transmitted.
  3. An installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the real dates R on which the appliances are operable are determined by clocks carried by the appliances.
  4. An installation according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the memory (11) in each appliance (1) for recording the expiry dates F is organized in such a manner as to lend itself to replacing each expiry date with another date merely on reception of appropriate electrical signals, the central station being organized in such a manner as to generate and transmit such subscription renewal signals.
  5. A portable receiver appliance included in an installation according to any one of claims 1-4, characterized in that it includes the above-specified appliance identification and appliance validity checking circuits.
  6. A portable appliance according to claim 5, characterized in that it includes a display screen (3) together with means (13) for displaying on said screen a message in the clear indicating that a subscription has expired and possibly also the consequences to be drawn therefrom as soon as the expiry date F recorded in the appliance has been exceeded.
EP19940401220 1993-06-04 1994-06-02 Installation for informing busnetwork users about waiting times Expired - Lifetime EP0635814B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR9306725A FR2706059B1 (en) 1993-06-04 1993-06-04 Installation to inform users of a bus network on waiting time of these buses.
FR9306725 1993-06-04

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0635814A1 EP0635814A1 (en) 1995-01-25
EP0635814B1 true EP0635814B1 (en) 1997-12-03

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EP19940401220 Expired - Lifetime EP0635814B1 (en) 1993-06-04 1994-06-02 Installation for informing busnetwork users about waiting times

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US (1) US5483234A (en)
EP (1) EP0635814B1 (en)
AT (1) AT160894T (en)
CA (1) CA2125116A1 (en)
DE (2) DE69407108T2 (en)
DK (1) DK0635814T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2109628T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2706059B1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE69407108D1 (en) 1998-01-15
DK0635814T3 (en) 1998-05-25
DE69407108T2 (en) 1998-04-09
ES2109628T3 (en) 1998-01-16
AT160894T (en) 1997-12-15
FR2706059B1 (en) 1995-08-25
FR2706059A1 (en) 1994-12-09
CA2125116A1 (en) 1994-12-05
EP0635814A1 (en) 1995-01-25
DK635814T3 (en)
US5483234A (en) 1996-01-09

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