EP0570692B1 - Automatic coin collector - Google Patents

Automatic coin collector Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0570692B1
EP0570692B1 EP93105593A EP93105593A EP0570692B1 EP 0570692 B1 EP0570692 B1 EP 0570692B1 EP 93105593 A EP93105593 A EP 93105593A EP 93105593 A EP93105593 A EP 93105593A EP 0570692 B1 EP0570692 B1 EP 0570692B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
computer
housing
coin collector
automatic coin
card
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP93105593A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0570692A1 (en
Inventor
Edouard Menoud
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Journomat AG
Original Assignee
Journomat AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH1659/92 priority Critical
Priority to CH165992 priority
Application filed by Journomat AG filed Critical Journomat AG
Publication of EP0570692A1 publication Critical patent/EP0570692A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0570692B1 publication Critical patent/EP0570692B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F11/00Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles
    • G07F11/02Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles from non-movable magazines
    • G07F11/04Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles from non-movable magazines in which magazines the articles are stored one vertically above the other
    • G07F11/045Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles from non-movable magazines in which magazines the articles are stored one vertically above the other for sheet shaped or pliable articles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F9/00Details other than those peculiar to special kinds or types of apparatus
    • G07F9/02Devices for alarm or indication, e.g. when empty; Advertising arrangements in coin-freed apparatus

Description

  • The invention relates to a coin-operated automated teller machine, consisting of a housing with an opening for operating and maintaining its contents, a closing element for closing the opening, a locking element which locks the closing element in the closed position, an actuating element for unlocking the locking element, a coin validator with a slot for Inserting coins and a device for data exchange with a portable information carrier.
  • Vending machines for newspapers and magazines or food and beverages, but also e.g. Parking meters often have coin teller machines. These coin-operated cash machines are housed within a housing, of which e.g. a lid can be opened to e.g. collect the collected coins, revise the machine or refill products at vending machines.
  • Unfortunately, it has to be found again and again that some of the people entrusted with collecting coins work unreliably, whereby it is difficult to check afterwards whether a shortfall is due to a faulty coin validator or an incorrect accounting of the collecting person. For this reason, it has already been suggested that the coin inspection channel be placed in a collecting container which closes automatically when removed from the machine (U.S. Patent No. 4,889,221). The collection container is accessible from the outside via a separate flap, which is locked with a key. This solution is complex. In addition, separate staff must be employed to collect the coins and refill the machine.
  • From US Pat. No. 4,845,484, a vending machine for newspapers is known, in which the newspapers are offered for sale in a stack in a cupboard-shaped stand. The stand has a lockable door on the front. A sales facility with a coin validator and a locking device for locking and releasing the stand door is arranged on the stand. Data collected by the vending machine, such as refill time, sales figures, sales times and cash collected, can be fed to a central data processing system using a portable data transmission unit with a keypad and digital display.
  • A disadvantage of the known device is that after the release of the column door, the stack of newspapers is accessible and, as a result, there is the possibility of improper removal of more than one newspaper. Another disadvantage is that either each operator has to carry an unwieldy data transmission unit on the assembly tour or that additional personnel have to be used to collect the sales data.
  • US 4 654 513 discloses a vending machine for flat materials, particularly for newspapers. The stack formed by the newspapers stacked in an inclined position is held upright on the one hand by a vertical rear wall and on the other hand by a telescopic rod device. To output a newspaper, a motor drives a gear connected to the rod device, the rod device moving downward releasing the uppermost newspaper of the stack, which, under the action of gravity, slides off the stack and falls into the output gap. The movement of the motor is controlled by control and storage means, which in turn are connected to a magnetic card reader. Data such as machine code, subscriber code, number of issues per subscriber and day as well as specific issue days are transmitted to the control and storage means by means of a magnetic card readable by the card reader.
  • A disadvantage of the known devices is that the newspaper is only produced by gravity. Depending on the nature of the paper and the air humidity, the newspaper to be output may not always slide off the stack, which leads to disruptions and annoyed newspaper buyers. Another disadvantage is the unidirectional data exchange, which prevents versatile use of the vending machine.
  • From EP-A-0 387 972 a method for operating an automatic machine is known which is suitable for example for the sale of stamps or tickets. Payment is made by coins or prepaid cards. To withdraw the money received, the authorized service person first takes a settlement card from the money container after opening the housing and inserts it into a reading device. Then she decides whether the entire container should be replaced or not. In the described method, the billing card is located inside the machine.
  • The present invention is based on the object of designing a coin-operated cash dispenser in such a way that it can be operated easily and safely. This object is achieved by the combination of features according to claim 1.
  • In the machine according to the invention, the operator receives a card, in a newspaper machine conveniently together with the newspapers to be refilled. The card authorizes the person to open the machine. For this purpose, the card contains on its electronic information carrier data about the machine (s) to be operated, e.g. their numbers, about the operator and about the work to be carried out, e.g. about the number of products to be refilled and their current price, as well as data about the coins of the current national currency . The operator inserts the card into the corresponding slot in the machine. The data transmission element reads the data from the information carrier. The data are stored in the memory by means of the computer. At the same time, the computer at least the the data generated during the last operation are transferred to the information carrier on the card via the data transmission element, for example information about the person and time of the last operation, the time of the current operation, the number of products sold, the time of sale, the number and type of coins received. Furthermore, data can be transmitted about the operation of the machine, for example about the number and type of rejected coins, battery status, acceptance or dispensing problems.
  • As soon as this data has been transferred to the information carrier of the card, the computer unlocks the locking of the locking element via the power element, so that the work commissioned, e.g. the refilling of the products and collection of the collected coins can be carried out.
  • To a certain extent, the operator receives a key for opening the machine in exchange for data. In a way, she takes back a delivery note for the collected coins to the operator with her card. The same person can therefore easily be used to refill the products and collect the coins, which considerably reduces the personnel expenditure. After the operator returns, the data stored on the card are read into a computer. The operator not only receives a receipt for the coins collected, but also valuable information about the planning of the Maintenance and commitment of the operating team. If, for example, an automat is often sold out considerably before the next operation, its operating cycle can be adjusted accordingly. If a machine frequently rejects coins of one type, the coin validator of this machine can be set differently by a mechanic. Batteries do not need to be serviced prophylactically. Different products can be sold on one and the same machine, for example a different magazine every weekday, whereby the machine of the machine is automatically programmed to the current price of the magazine offered, which is displayed, for example, on a liquid crystal display.
  • The automat according to the invention can therefore be operated considerably more cost-effectively.
  • In addition, the automat according to the invention enables, for example, the issue of customer subscriptions to customers. Of course, a customer card does not open the machine, but when inserted, causes a newspaper to be handed in and at the same time this card is blocked for that day. The customer can therefore use the card every day to obtain one from any machine according to the invention which contains the subscribed newspaper.
  • Another possibility is that the customer card acts as a prepaid card. In this case, the corresponding purchase price will be debited when a product is issued. The card can e.g. be upgraded on a separate machine.
  • Another option is to issue so-called bingo cards, which e.g. enables the free delivery of a certain number of a certain article for advertising purposes.
  • An exemplary embodiment of the invention is explained below with reference to the drawings. It shows:
  • Fig. 1
    1 shows a schematic cross section through part of a newspaper vending machine,
    Fig. 2
    a detail of the coin validator on average,
    Fig. 3
    an operator card, and
    Fig. 4
    a schematic cross section through another part of the machine.
  • 1 and 4 has a housing 1 which is open at the top and closed by a lid 2 which can be hinged about a hinge 3. On the cover 2, a hook 4 is attached, which is behind in the closed position a pawl 5 pivotably articulated on the housing 1 engages. The pawl 5 is loaded by a spring 6 into the locked position and can be pulled into the unlocked position by an electromagnet 7.
  • A coin validator 9 is mounted in the housing 1. A coin insertion slot 10 is connected to a coin check channel 11. This contains a plurality of electromagnetic and electro-optical measuring elements 13 on a printed circuit board 12, which forms the one side wall of the channel 11. A section through the coin validator 9 is shown schematically in FIG. The channel 11 is formed by the circuit board 12, an opposing printed circuit board 14 and a metal rail 15 on which the coins 17 roll. The tester 9 is held together by screws 16. The measuring elements 13 mounted on the plates 12, 14 comprise at least two light barriers each formed from a light-emitting diode 20 and a photo receiver 21. Diode 20 and receiver 21 are mounted at a distance from the plates 12, 14. A very precise, sharply defined position of the light barrier is achieved in that the light from the diode 20 passes through two narrow bores 19 in the plates 12, 14 before it reaches the receiver 21. As a result, the diameter of the coins 17 can be measured precisely.
  • Furthermore, the tester 9 comprises electromagnetic measuring elements 22, which e.g. measure the thickness of the coin 17, its material and / or weight.
  • At the end of the test channel 11 there is a switch 25 which can be set in two positions by means of an electromagnet 26. In the basic position shown, the switch 25 guides the accepted coins 17 into an intermediate check 30 designed as a tray. In the other position, the switch 25 guides the refused coins 17 into a return tray 33.
  • The intermediate checkout 30 can be swiveled in both directions from the horizontal basic position shown about an axis 31 by means of an electromagnet 32. In one swivel position, the coins slide through an opening 34 into the return tray 33, in the other swivel position into a collection container 35.
  • A slot 40 for inserting a card 41 is provided in the housing 1. The card 41 has on both sides at one end a programmable data carrier 42 (FIG. 3) in the form of an integrated circuit which is connected to electrically conductive contact surfaces 43. In the inserted position of the card 41, contact tongues 44 are connected to the contact surfaces 43. The contact tongues 44 are mounted on a carrier 45, which is conveniently part of the Circuit board 12 is. The contact tongues 44 are connected to a programmable computer 50, which is also mounted on the circuit board 12. A memory 51 is assigned to the computer 50. The computer 50 processes the data generated by the measuring elements 13, 22 and controls the electromagnets 7, 26 and 32 via an amplifier 52 each. The power supply of the machine is formed from photovoltaic cells 55 arranged on the housing 1 and an accumulator 56.
  • 4 schematically shows the part of the machine in which newspapers and magazines 61 are issued. The stack of newspapers is stacked on a height-adjustable table 60. The table 60 can be adjusted in height so that the top newspaper 61 of the stack is always at the same height.
  • Two toothed rollers 62, 63 are rotatably mounted on the cover 2. The roller 63 is connected to the output shaft of a reversible motor 64. An endless toothed belt 65 is stretched over the rollers 62, 63. A carrier 66 is fastened to the toothed belt 65 and an arm 67 is articulated to it. At the free end of the arm 67, a roller 68 is rotatably mounted. The angular range of the rotary movement of the roller 68 is limited to approximately 60 ° by stops, not shown. In the one limit position shown, spikes 69 protrude from the roller 68 forward and downward. In this Position, the uppermost newspaper 61 is detected when the motor 64 is switched on and pushed out from an output slot 73.
  • The motor 64 is switched on by the computer 50 as soon as the correct amount of coins is in the cash register 30. The motor 64 reverses as soon as the carrier 66 has reached a limit switch, not shown. When the carrier 66 moves back, the roller 68 first rolls on the newspaper 61 so that the spikes 69 are lifted off, and then slides on this newspaper 61 to the next one until the carrier 66 switches a further limit switch in the rear limit position shown.
  • A sensor 74, shown as a light barrier, is attached in front of the output slot 73 and reports the newspaper 61 to the computer 50 when it is pushed out. The computer 50 actuates the magnet 32 in response to this signal, so that the amount collected falls from the intermediate checkout 30 into the collecting container 35.
  • If a malfunction occurs during newspaper delivery, for example if a newspaper 61 is jammed, a predetermined time, for example 5 seconds, is reversed after the motor 64 is switched on and moved into the basic position. At the same time, the magnet 32 is controlled via the computer 50 in such a way that the intermediate checkout 30 is emptied into the return tray 33 becomes. This money can also be returned if, for example, no further coins are inserted for a certain time, although the purchase price has not yet been paid in full, or if other disruptions make it impossible to issue the newspaper. This means that there is no need to attach a return button.
  • The described machine is extremely user and user-friendly and is very well protected against willful damage, since it has no levers or buttons to be operated. It brings extraordinary advantages for management, which was explained in the introduction to the description.
  • If the purchase of newspapers by means of customer cards has been introduced, vending machines without a coin validator 9, cash register 30, collecting container 35 and return tray 33 can also be used. These vending machines are cheaper to manufacture, more reliable and easier to maintain.

Claims (10)

  1. Automatic coin collector for automatic vending machines for the delivery of products or services, in particular newspapers and journals, consisting of a housing (1) with an opening and a closing element (2) for the closing thereof, which in its closed setting is latched by a locking organ (5), which is unlatchable by an actuating organ (7), as well as with a programmable computer (50) and a storage device (51) connected therewith and for the storage of data, furthermore with a coin-checking device (9), which is arranged within the housing, with a slot for the insertion of coins and a checking channel (11), which is connected therewith and comprises measuring elements (13, 22), which stand in connection with the computer (50), for the checking of the coins and with an intermediate cash register (30) arranged in the housing as well as with a collecting container (35), which is arranged in the housing and into which the checking channel (35) opens, characterised thereby, that a data-transmitting element (44, 45), which is arranged in the housing and connected with the programmable computer (50) is provided for the reading of data from a card (41) with a programmable data carrier (42) and for the transfer of data onto the card (41), that an operating member (52), which is connected with the computer (50) and the actuating organ (7), is provided for the activation of the actuating organ (7) on a command of the computer (50) and the actuating organ (7) is activated by mere insertion of an appropriately programmed card (41) into a slot at the housing (1) and the collecting container (35) becomes accessible to an authorised operating person after opening of the closing element (35).
  2. Automatic coin collector according to claim 1, characterised thereby, that the data-transmitting element (45) comprises several electrically conductive contacts (44), which lie against corresponding contact surfaces (43) of the card (41) when it is inserted.
  3. Automatic coin collector according to claim 1 and 2, characterised thereby, that the intermediate cash register (30) comprises an electromagnet (32), which is controlled by the computer (50) and which empties the contents of the intermediate cash register (30) into the collecting container (35) in the case of the delivery of a product and into a return pan (33) in all other cases.
  4. Automatic coin collector according to one of hte claims 1 to 3, characterised thereby, that at least one of both the side walls of the checking channel (11) is formed by a printed circuit board (12, 14), at which the measuring elements (13, 22) are arranged.
  5. Automatic coin collector according to claim 4, characterised thereby, that the measuring elements (13, 22) are electromagnetic measuring elements (22) and comprise at least two light barriers (20, 21) with an emitter (20) and a receiver (21), wherein narrow bores (19) are present between the emitter (20) and the receiver (21) in the circuit boards (12, 14) for the exact positioning of the light barrier.
  6. Automatic coin collector according to one of the claims 1 to 5, characterised by a delivery opening (73), for the products (61) and an electrical motor (64), which is controlled by the computer (50), for the ejection of the products (61).
  7. Automatic coin collector according to claim 6, characterised thereby, that a sensor (74), which stands in connection with the computer (50), for the ascertaining of the delivery of the product (61) concerned is arranged in front of the delivery opening (73) and that the computer (50) is programmed in such a manner that, on a signal of the sensor (74), it empties the intermediate cash register (30) into the collecting container (35).
  8. Automatic coin collector according to one of the preceding claims, characterised thereby, that a current supply is provided, which is formed of photo-voltaic cells (55) and an accumulator (56).
  9. Automatic coin collector according to one of the claims 1 to 7, characterised thereby, that a vertically displaceable table (60), which is arranged in the housing (1), is provided for the offered products (61), that an electrical motor (64) which is controlled by the computer (50), is provided with an actuating equipment (67, 68, 69) for the delivery of a respective one of the products (61) through a delivery opening (73) of the housing (1) and that a current supply is provided, which is formed of photo-voltaic cells (55) and an accumulator (56).
  10. Automatic coin collector for automatic vending machines according to one of the preceding claims, characterised thereby, that the delivery of products or services ensues on the insertion of an appropriately programmed customer card (41) into the slot (40).
EP93105593A 1992-05-22 1993-04-05 Automatic coin collector Expired - Lifetime EP0570692B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH1659/92 1992-05-22
CH165992 1992-05-22

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0570692A1 EP0570692A1 (en) 1993-11-24
EP0570692B1 true EP0570692B1 (en) 1997-07-16

Family

ID=4215635

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP93105593A Expired - Lifetime EP0570692B1 (en) 1992-05-22 1993-04-05 Automatic coin collector

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US5415264A (en)
EP (1) EP0570692B1 (en)
AT (1) AT155599T (en)
DE (1) DE59306912D1 (en)
DK (1) DK0570692T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2106913T3 (en)
FI (1) FI107197B (en)
NO (1) NO303854B1 (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10353250A1 (en) * 2003-11-13 2005-06-23 Eldomat Innovative Sicherheit Gmbh Method for servicing automatic vending machines with security, has an identification system and a keyless lock to the service opening

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NO303854B1 (en) 1998-09-07
DK0570692T3 (en) 1997-12-29
EP0570692A1 (en) 1993-11-24
FI107197B1 (en)
DK570692T3 (en)
FI932226A (en) 1993-11-23
AT155599T (en) 1997-08-15
FI107197B (en) 2001-06-15
DE59306912D1 (en) 1997-08-21
US5415264A (en) 1995-05-16
NO931775D0 (en) 1993-05-14
ES2106913T3 (en) 1997-11-16
FI932226D0 (en)
NO931775L (en) 1993-11-23
FI932226A0 (en) 1993-05-17

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