EP0483998A1 - Wrapper making process for smoking articles - Google Patents

Wrapper making process for smoking articles Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0483998A1
EP0483998A1 EP19910309456 EP91309456A EP0483998A1 EP 0483998 A1 EP0483998 A1 EP 0483998A1 EP 19910309456 EP19910309456 EP 19910309456 EP 91309456 A EP91309456 A EP 91309456A EP 0483998 A1 EP0483998 A1 EP 0483998A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
wrapper
web
segments
band paper
smoking article
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19910309456
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
James L. Myracle, Jr.
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Philip Morris Products Inc
Philip Morris USA Inc
Original Assignee
Philip Morris Products Inc
Philip Morris USA Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US60540290A priority Critical
Priority to US605402 priority
Application filed by Philip Morris Products Inc, Philip Morris USA Inc filed Critical Philip Morris Products Inc
Publication of EP0483998A1 publication Critical patent/EP0483998A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/02Cigars; Cigarettes with special covers
    • A24D1/025Cigars; Cigarettes with special covers the covers having material applied to defined areas, e.g. bands for reducing the ignition propensity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/10Cigars; Cigarettes with extinguishers

Abstract

Wrappers of smoking articles have segments of band paper applied to modify the mass burn rate of the smoking article. A band paper web (1) is passed over an adhesive station (5) and then cut into segments (15) by a series of cutting blades (13). The segments are spaced apart by the differential rotational speeds of a vacuum roller 14 holding the segments and a roller (12) carrying the cutting blades (13). The segments are then adhered at intervals along a web of smoking article wrapper (17). The band paper (1) is selected to modify the burn rate of a smoking article produced from the wrapper when adhered thereto.

Description

  • This invention generally relates to the manufacture of wrappers for smoking articles such as cigarettes, and more specifically to a process for making wrappers which modify the mass burn rate of the smoking article.
  • It is beneficial to make cigarettes in commercial quantities which will have a reduced burn rate if not drawn on by the smoker but which will look, feel, taste and burn like a conventional cigarette when being drawn on by the smoker at normal intervals. It is recognised by those skilled in the art that the wrapper construction of the cigarette strongly influences these characteristics.
  • Cigarettes made to have a reduced burn rate through a modification of the wrapper have been described previously. For example, Weinert U.S. patent 4,489,650 describes a cigarette in which the interior surface of the wrapper is coated with clay. In Cohn U.S. patent 4,044,778, the cigarette wrapper includes rings or areas coated with an alkali silicate which renders the wrapper non-burning in the coated areas.
  • Durocher U.S. patent 4,615,345 describes a wrapper made of a cellulose fiber base which normally does not sustain burning when the wrapper is incorporated into a cigarette. The wrapper is treated in selected zones with an alkali metal burn promoter such as the potassium salt or citric acid. It is described that a cigarette made with a wrapper so treated will smolder without being drawn on by the smoker when in the treated zone but when the treated zone is consumed will extinguish itself unless the cigarette is drawn on by the smoker. Cigarette wrappers of the character described in Durocher have not been found to produce cigarettes which look, feel, taste and burn like a conventional cigarette.
  • Hempl U.S. patent 4,739,775 also describes a cigarette wrapper which will sustain burning only if drawn on by the smoker at normal intervals. Bands of a cellulose fiber base web which will not sustain burn are added to a conventional cigarette wrapper. The bands are selected and positioned to create a cigarette with the desired burning characteristics. While cigarette wrappers of the character described in Hempl have been found to exhibit the desired look, feel, taste and burn qualities, there was no known process for making such cigarette wrappers in commercial quantities.
  • Accordingly, the present invention aims to provide a process for making wrappers in commercial quantities which produce smoking articles which have a reduced burn rate if not drawn on by the smoker but which look, feel, taste and burn like a conventional smoking article when being drawn on by the smoker at normal intervals.
  • According to the invention there is provided a process for modifying the burn rate of a smoking article by applying segments of band paper to the wrapper of a smoking article, comprising applying adhesive to a surface of a continuous web of moving band paper, said band paper having been selected to modify the burn rate of a smoking article when adhered to the wrapper of said smoking article, cutting the web along an axis perpendicular to the direction of travel of the web adhering the segments of band paper to a surface of a continuous web of moving smoking article wrapper, the segments being spaced apart on the wrapper.
  • The process of this invention can be utilised to provide a process for making wrappers in commercial quantities which produce cigarettes which exhibit the burning characteristics described in Hempl U.S. patent 4,739,775 or Durocher U.S. patent 4,615,345.
  • Moreover, the process can make wrappers which modify the mass burn rate of the cigarette by applying circumscribing bands of paper of specified width at intervals along the longitudinal axis of a cigarette wrapper. Both the bands of paper and the cigarette wrapper may be selected from conventional materials or specially selected or chemically treated materials so as to provide a cigarette with the desired mass burn rate.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the process paper is selected which will be applied in bands (hereinafter "band paper") to a surface of a moving continuous web of smoking article wrapper. Adhesive is applied to a surface of a continuous web of moving band paper and the continuous web of band paper is cut into segments having a desired length, measured in a direction parallel to the direction of travel of the web of band paper.
  • The band paper is cut along an axis perpendicular to the direction of travel of the web of band paper and the segments of band paper are spaced a first distance apart from one another. The segments of band paper are then adhered to a surface of a continuous web of moving smoking article wrapper, said segments being spaced a second distance apart from one another which may be equal to or different from the first distance apart. The web of smoking article wrapper may then be wrapped around a tobacco plug to form cigarettes in the manner known to those skilled in the cigarette making art.
  • An embodiment of the invention will now be described, by way of example, and with reference to the accompanying figures, in which:
    • Figure 1 is a schematic drawing of apparatus for carrying out the process embodying the invention;
    • Figure 2 is an enlarged view of a surface of a portion of the web of cigarette wrapper after it has been acted upon by apparatus for carrying out the process embodying the invention.
  • Referring to FIG. 1 the apparatus illustrated draws a continuous web of band paper 1 from band paper supply roll 2. The band paper may be selected from any of the common varieties of cigarette wrappers known in the art of the band paper may be specially selected or treated with compounds known in the art to control the burning of the band paper. In a preferred embodiment, band paper 1 is selected to exhibit inhibited burn characteristics as described in Hempl U.S. patent 4,739,775. In another preferred embodiment, the band paper contains flax or other cellulose fibers and is treated with an elevated amount of alkali metal burn regulator, for example, carboxylic acid salts of sodium and, especially potassium, in an amount sufficient to allow a cigarette made with such band paper to free-burn continuously as described in Durocher U.S. patent 4,615,345.
  • Band paper 1 is drawn around roller 3 and roller 4 such that a surface of the continuous web of band paper is brought into contact with roller 6 of adhesive applicator 5. In the embodiment illustrated, adhesive applicator 5 takes up a liquid adhesive such as those adhesives known in the cigarette making art from adhesive tank 7 onto roller 8 which transfers the adhesive to roller 6. In a more preferred embodiment, roller 6 is constructed to apply strips of adhesive 16 (FIG. 2) to the web of band paper 1. These strips are applied in a direction perpendicular to the direction of travel of the web of band paper and a length, measured in a direction orthogonal to said strip of adhesive, less than the length of a segment of band paper. After application of the adhesive, the web of band paper is drawn around rollers 9, 10.
  • From roller 10, the web of band paper is drawn around roller 14. Roller 14 is positioned in relation to roller 12 such that each of a plurality of cutting blades 13 which are affixed to roller 12 will cut the band paper into segments 15 along an axis perpendicular to the direction of travel of the web of band paper as it rotates into contact with roller 14. Roller 14 may be vacuum roller which operates to hold segment 15 on roller 14 by vacuum force as segment 15 is rotated into contact with web of cigarette wrapper paper 17.
  • The rotational speeds of rollers 14 and 12 may be adjusted such that each cutting blade 13 both cuts the web of band paper 1 into segments 15 and spaces the segments a first distance apart from one another. Preferably band paper 1 is cut into segments 15 which are approximately 5 mm in length as measured along an axis parallel to the direction of travel of web of band paper 1.
  • A continuous web of cigarette wrapper paper 17 is drawn from supply roller 18 and onto take-up roller 19. The web of cigarette wrapper 17 may be selected from any of the common varieties of cigarette wrappers known in the art or may be specifically selected or treated with compounds known in the art to either inhibit the burning of cigarette wrapper 17. Preferably, web of cigarette wrapper 17 will be selected to cooperate with band paper 1 to yield a cigarette with the desired burn rate. In a preferred embodiment, cigarette wrapper 17 may be conventional cigarette paper with a fiber component of flax or other cellulosic fiber as referred to in Hempl U.S. patent 4,739,775. In another preferred embodiment, the web of cigarette wrapper paper 17 contains flax or other cellulose fibers and is made such that cigarettes using it will have a reduced burn rate in a standard free-burn mode as described in Durocher U.S. patent 4,615,345.
  • Supply roller 18 and take-up roller 19 are oriented such that segments of band paper 15 on roller 14 are placed against and adhesively adhered to web of cigarette wrapper paper 17. In a preferred embodiment, segment of band paper 15 is oriented such that adhesive strip 16 (FIG. 2) is perpendicular to the direction of travel of web of cigarette wrapper paper 17. Preferably, the band paper 1 is selected to be slightly narrower than the web of cigarette wrapper paper 17 such that when the segment of band paper 15 is positioned on the web of cigarette wrapper paper 17 along the axis perpendicular to its direction of travel there is a sufficient margin 20 (FIG. 2) to allow the wrapper to be rolled around a tobacco plug and glued in the manner known to those in the cigarette making art without any overlaping of segment of band paper 15. This is exemplified in FIG. 2, which shows band paper 15 centered on the web of cigarette paper 17. Such centering is not, however, necessary. Also preferably, the rate of travel of the wrapper paper 17 from supply roller 18 to take-up roller 19 is selected to be related to the speed of roller 14 such that a segment of band paper 15 may be adhered to wrapper paper 17 at intervals of from 5 mm. to 20 mm. Thus, the wrapper and smoking article made according to the process of this invention will have a modified burn rate such that the smoking article will have a reduced burn rate if not drawn on by the smoker but will burn in the same manner as a conventional cigarette when drawn on by the smoker in the normal way. One skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention can be practised by other than the described embodiments, which are presented for purposes of illustration and not of limitation, and the present invention is limited only by the claims which follow.

Claims (14)

  1. A process for modifying the burn rate of a smoking article by applying segments of band paper to the wrapper of a smoking article, comprising applying adhesive to a surface of a continuous web of moving band paper, said band paper having been selected to modify the burn rate of a smoking article when adhered to the wrapper of said smoking article, cutting the web along an axis perpendicular to the direction of travel of the web adhering the segments of band paper to a surface of a continuous web of moving smoking article wrapper, the segments being spaced apart on the wrapper.
  2. A process according to Claim 1, comprising spacing the segments of band paper from one another prior to adhering on the wrapper web.
  3. A process according to Claim 2, wherein the space of segments prior to adhering is equal to the spacing of wrappers adhered to the wrapper web.
  4. A process according to Claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the adhesive is applied in a strip perpendicular to the direction of travel of the band paper web, the adhesive strip being of a length less than the length of individual segments measured in a direction orthogonal to the strip.
  5. A process according to Claim 4, wherein band paper segments are approximately 5 mm long.
  6. A process according to Claim 5, wherein the spacing between segments adhered to the wrapper web is between 5 and 20 mm.
  7. A process according to Claim 6, wherein the band paper width, measured along an axis perpendicular to the direction of travel of the band paper, is less than the width of the web of smoking article wrapper, whereby the wrapper can be formed around a tobacco plug to form a cigarette without overlap of the band paper segment.
  8. A process according to Claim 7, wherein the continuous band paper contains flax or cellulose fibre material treated with an alkali metal salt to act as a burn regulator.
  9. A process according to Claim 8, wherein the wrapper web contains flax or cellulose fibre material whereby smoking articles made from the wrapper will have a reduced burn rate if not drawn on by the smoker.
  10. The process of Claim 7, wherein the continuous web of moving band paper has reduced burn characteristics.
  11. The process of Claim 10, wherein the smoking article wrapper is made of conventional cigarette wrapper material.
  12. Apparatus for producing modified burn rate smoking article wrappers, comprising an adhesive applying station (5), means (4,9) for conveying a continuous web of band paper past to adhesive station to apply adhesive thereto, means (12,13) for cutting the web along an axis perpendicular to the direction of web travel into segments of specified length, and means for applying the adhesive carrying segments at intervals along a web of smoking article wrapper.
  13. Apparatus according to Claim 12, comprising means (14) for spacing the cut web segments a distance apart from one another.
  14. Apparatus according to Claim 13, wherein the spacing means comprises a roller (12) carrying cutting blades (13), the roller (14) having a rotational speed greater than that of the cutting blade roller (12).
EP19910309456 1990-10-30 1991-10-15 Wrapper making process for smoking articles Withdrawn EP0483998A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US60540290A true 1990-10-30 1990-10-30
US605402 1990-10-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0483998A1 true EP0483998A1 (en) 1992-05-06

Family

ID=24423515

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19910309456 Withdrawn EP0483998A1 (en) 1990-10-30 1991-10-15 Wrapper making process for smoking articles

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0483998A1 (en)
JP (1) JPH04293478A (en)
AU (1) AU637265B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2054219A1 (en)
FI (1) FI915098A (en)
NO (1) NO914243L (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0532193A1 (en) * 1991-09-10 1993-03-17 Philip Morris Products Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling burn rate and method for making same
EP1123665A2 (en) * 1996-07-09 2001-08-16 Philip Morris Products Inc. Method and apparatus for applying a material to a web
FR2817124A1 (en) * 2000-11-29 2002-05-31 Lucien Fernand Francisci Device enabling the stopping of burning of tobacco in a thrown away cigarette comprises thin strips gummed to cigarette paper surface
EP1329165A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2003-07-23 Japan Tobacco Inc. Method and device for producing low flame propagation cigarette
WO2006023281A2 (en) * 2004-08-18 2006-03-02 Brown & Williamson Holdings, Inc. Reconstituted tobacco sheet and smoking article therefrom
WO2007082145A1 (en) * 2006-01-06 2007-07-19 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking articles comprising inner wrapping strips
US7677256B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2010-03-16 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
WO2010097258A1 (en) 2009-02-25 2010-09-02 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking articles and method for manufacturing smoking articles
WO2011131464A1 (en) 2010-04-22 2011-10-27 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Low ignition propensity smoking article and an apparatus and method for forming a low ignition propensity smoking article
WO2011131465A1 (en) 2010-04-22 2011-10-27 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Method for manufacturing smoking articles and smoking articles
US8267096B2 (en) 2000-09-18 2012-09-18 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper
US8863757B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2014-10-21 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
ITBO20130241A1 (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-11-23 Gd Spa Equipment for the manufacture of tobacco products.
CN105795513A (en) * 2015-01-19 2016-07-27 豪尼机械制造股份公司 Cutting of a paper coating tape

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE60124571T2 (en) * 2000-08-29 2007-09-06 Japan Tobacco Inc. A process for producing a smoking article with a low fire-spreading

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH89816A (en) * 1919-11-21 1921-07-01 Muller J C & Co Apparatus for filters have evidence of cigarette paper strip with cork, sheet metal or the like.
GB1047015A (en) * 1962-11-09 1966-11-02 David Theodore Nelson Williams Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of tipped cigarettes
US4739775A (en) * 1986-09-26 1988-04-26 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wrapper constructions for self-extinguishing and reduced ignition proclivity smoking articles

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH89816A (en) * 1919-11-21 1921-07-01 Muller J C & Co Apparatus for filters have evidence of cigarette paper strip with cork, sheet metal or the like.
GB1047015A (en) * 1962-11-09 1966-11-02 David Theodore Nelson Williams Improvements in or relating to the manufacture of tipped cigarettes
US4739775A (en) * 1986-09-26 1988-04-26 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wrapper constructions for self-extinguishing and reduced ignition proclivity smoking articles

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0532193A1 (en) * 1991-09-10 1993-03-17 Philip Morris Products Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling burn rate and method for making same
EP1123665A2 (en) * 1996-07-09 2001-08-16 Philip Morris Products Inc. Method and apparatus for applying a material to a web
EP1123665A3 (en) * 1996-07-09 2002-01-02 Philip Morris Products Inc. Method and apparatus for applying a material to a web
EP1329165A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2003-07-23 Japan Tobacco Inc. Method and device for producing low flame propagation cigarette
EP1329165A4 (en) * 2000-09-08 2004-12-08 Japan Tobacco Inc Method and device for producing low flame propagation cigarette
US6904917B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2005-06-14 Japan Tobacco, Inc. Method of manufacturing cigarette suppressing spread of burn and apparatus for manufacturing cigarette suppressing spread of burn
US8267096B2 (en) 2000-09-18 2012-09-18 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper
US8678016B2 (en) 2000-09-18 2014-03-25 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges, Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper
FR2817124A1 (en) * 2000-11-29 2002-05-31 Lucien Fernand Francisci Device enabling the stopping of burning of tobacco in a thrown away cigarette comprises thin strips gummed to cigarette paper surface
US7677256B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2010-03-16 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US8863757B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2014-10-21 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US10028525B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2018-07-24 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
AU2005277703B2 (en) * 2004-08-18 2009-02-26 Brown & Williamson Holdings, Inc. Reconstituted tobacco sheet and smoking article therefrom
AU2005277703C1 (en) * 2004-08-18 2009-07-23 Brown & Williamson Holdings, Inc. Reconstituted tobacco sheet and smoking article therefrom
WO2006023281A3 (en) * 2004-08-18 2006-06-08 Brown & Williamson Holdings Reconstituted tobacco sheet and smoking article therefrom
WO2006023281A2 (en) * 2004-08-18 2006-03-02 Brown & Williamson Holdings, Inc. Reconstituted tobacco sheet and smoking article therefrom
WO2007082145A1 (en) * 2006-01-06 2007-07-19 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking articles comprising inner wrapping strips
WO2010097258A1 (en) 2009-02-25 2010-09-02 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking articles and method for manufacturing smoking articles
WO2011131464A1 (en) 2010-04-22 2011-10-27 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Low ignition propensity smoking article and an apparatus and method for forming a low ignition propensity smoking article
WO2011131465A1 (en) 2010-04-22 2011-10-27 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Method for manufacturing smoking articles and smoking articles
ITBO20130241A1 (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-11-23 Gd Spa Equipment for the manufacture of tobacco products.
WO2014188318A1 (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-11-27 G. D S.P.A. Apparatus for making smokers' articles
CN105795513A (en) * 2015-01-19 2016-07-27 豪尼机械制造股份公司 Cutting of a paper coating tape

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FI915098A (en) 1992-05-01
JPH04293478A (en) 1992-10-19
NO914243L (en) 1992-05-04
AU8673991A (en) 1992-05-07
FI915098A0 (en) 1991-10-29
FI915098D0 (en)
AU637265B2 (en) 1993-05-20
CA2054219A1 (en) 1992-05-01
NO914243D0 (en) 1991-10-29

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