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Building element for planted retaining walls

Info

Publication number
EP0215991B1
EP0215991B1 EP19850430030 EP85430030A EP0215991B1 EP 0215991 B1 EP0215991 B1 EP 0215991B1 EP 19850430030 EP19850430030 EP 19850430030 EP 85430030 A EP85430030 A EP 85430030A EP 0215991 B1 EP0215991 B1 EP 0215991B1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wall
vessel
partition
vessels
characterized
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19850430030
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0215991A1 (en )
Inventor
Jean Louis Rossi
Original Assignee
Jean Louis Rossi
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • E02D29/025Retaining or protecting walls made up of similar modular elements stacked without mortar

Description

  • [0001] [0001]
    L'invention a pour objet des éléments de construction pour murs de soutènement destinés à être garnis de végétation. The invention relates to construction elements for retaining walls to be trimmed vegetation.
  • [0002] [0002]
    La création de plus en plus importante de tranchées pour la création ou l'agrandissement de routes impose la création de murs de soutènement. The creation of more and more of trenches for the creation or expansion of roads requires the creation of retaining walls.
  • [0003] [0003]
    Ces murs sont onéreux et disgracieux. These walls are expensive and unsightly. La préservation de l'environnement implique de garnir de végétation les murs de soutènement. The preservation of the environment involves garnish vegetation retaining walls.
  • [0004] [0004]
    Ces murs de soutènement peuvent être utilisés par les particuliers, par les professionnels (Points et Chaussées, Génie Rural, Paysagistes, Entreprises de Travaux Publics, Clutivateurs etc.). These retaining walls can be used by individuals, by professionals (Points and Highways, Rural Engineering, Landscaping Construction equipment manufacturers, Clutivateurs etc.).
  • [0005] [0005]
    Il existe déjà des éléments de construction. There are already building elements. Ces éléments font office de bacs, ce sont des caissons qui laissent un espace ouvert important pour que puissent s'y développer de arbustes ou des plantes couvrantes. These elements act as containers, these are boxes that leave a large open space so that it can develop shrubs or covering plants. Ces éléments se montent à sec par emboîtement, les uns dans les autres. These elements are mounted to dryness by interlocking, one inside the other.
  • [0006] [0006]
    D'autres éléments ont une forme en cavité qui empêche l'évacuation trop rapide de l'eau. Other elements have a shaped cavity which prevents too rapid drainage. Le remplissage des éléments ou des bacs avec de la terre se fait au fur et à mesure du montage des éléments de construction. Filling elements or trays with soil is done as and when assembling the construction elements. Par leur forme en caisson, ces éléments produisent, dans l'assemblage du mur de soutènement, un enchaînement. By their box-shape, these elements occur in the assembly of the retaining wall, a chain.
  • [0007] [0007]
    Le document DE-U 7 824 776 décrit un élément d'ouvrage de retenue pour talus, pentes naturelles ou ouvrages en terre. DE-U-7824776 describes a retaining structure for element embankment natural slopes or earthworks. Il est formé d'un bac sans fond en forme de cube avec une cloison verticale qui sépare le bac en deux alvéoles égales, ladite cloison relie perpendiculairement la paroi amont et la paroi aval. It consists of a cube-shaped bottom shell with a vertical partition which divides the container into two equal compartments, said partition connects perpendicularly the upstream wall and the downstream wall. Le blocage latéral de l'élément est assuré par deux épaulements, le premier épaulement est prévu dans la partie médiane de l'arête supérieure dela paroi latérale pour se poursuivre le long de la paroi amont et se terminer sur l'arête supérieure de l'autre paroi latérale en regard du point de départ du premier épaulement. The lateral locking element is provided by two shoulders, the first shoulder is provided in the middle portion of the side wall beyond top edge to continue along the upstream wall and terminate at the upper edge of the other sidewall opposite the starting point of the first shoulder.
  • [0008] [0008]
    Les éléments de construction ci-dessus décrits sont faits de pots de fleurs, qui sont montés à sec et assemblés les uns dans les autres pour former un mur de soutènement. the above-described building elements are made of flower pots, which are arranged to dry and assembled into each other to form a retaining wall. Ce type de mur de soutènement est plus ou moins fragile et ce, en fonction de la pente du talus ou de la tranchée, du climat etc. This type of retaining wall is more or less fragile and that, depending on the slope of the embankment or trench, climate etc. Les plantes ont une fonctoin de décoration pour cacher le mur, mais elles ne coopèrent en aucune façon avec les éléments de construction et le sol pour améliorer la stabilité dudit mur. The plants have a decorative fonctoin to hide the wall, but they co-operate in any way with the construction elements and the ground to improve the stability of said wall.
  • [0009] [0009]
    L'invention tend à résoudre ces problèmes. The invention aims to solve these problems. Les plantes ont une action sur le mur de soutènement qui est ancré par les racines des plantes dans le sol, les racines de plantes s'entrecroisent également d'un élément de construction à l'autre, améliorant ainsi l'assemblage desdits éléments entre eux. Plants have an action on the retaining wall which is anchored by the roots of plants in the soil, the roots of plants are also intersect a construction element to another, thus improving assembling said elements together .
  • [0010] [0010]
    Le mur de soutènement, destiné à être garni de végétation, et constitué par des éléments de construction montés à sec, par emboîtement des éléments les uns dans les autres, et par superposition les uns sur les autres, chaque élément étant du type constitué par un bac sans fond comportant des cloisons verticales est caractérisé par le fait qu'une première cloison verticale, parallèle à la paroi amont du bac, délimite un grand espace vers l'aval qui fait office de pot à fleur et au moins un espace vers l'amont qui fait office d'alvéoles de racinage pour le bac supérieur monté en retrait, décalé vers l'amont sur le bac inférieur, ce dernier espace étant divisé en au moins deux espaces plus petits par une deuxième cloison verticale perpendiculaire à la paroi amont et à la première cloison; The retaining wall to be provided with vegetation, and consisting of construction elements mounted to dryness by interlocking elements into each other, and superimposed on each other, each element being of the type constituted by a bottomless container comprising vertical partitions is characterized in that a first vertical partition parallel to the upstream wall of the tray delimits a large space downstream which serves to flower pot and at least one space to the upstream which acts as rooting of cells to the upper tray mounted recessed offset upstream on the lower tray, the latter space being divided into at least two smaller spaces by a second vertical partition perpendicular to the upstream wall and the first partition; la taille des espaces amont est telle que lorsque les bacs sont superposés les uns sur les autres, les racines qui sortent du bac supérieur, ne puissent aller que vers le sol et non dans le bac inférieur, c'est-à-dire que la cloison verticale du bac supérieur vient au niveau de la paroi amont du bac inférieur. the size of the upstream spaces is such that when the trays are stacked on one another, the roots coming out of the top tray, can not go that towards the ground and not into the lower box, that is to say the vertical partition of the upper tray has at the upstream wall of the lower tray.
  • [0011] [0011]
    Un élément de construction peut être composé de deux bacs ou de plusieurs bacs sans fond. A building element may be composed of two tanks or more bins without bottom.
  • [0012] [0012]
    L'élément de construction est constitué de deux bacs adjacents, fabriqué en un seul bloc. The building element consists of two adjacent tanks, made in a single block.
  • [0013] [0013]
    Il comporte des échancrures sur les parois latérales du bac, de manière à permettre aux bacs de s'emboîter les uns dans les autres. It comprises recesses on the side walls of the tray, so as to enable the trays to be nested into each other.
  • [0014] [0014]
    Les dessins ci-joints donnés à titre d'exemple indicatif et non limitatif permettront aisément de comprendre l'invention. The accompanying drawings given as indicative and non-limiting example will readily understand the invention. Ils représentent un mode de réalisation préféré selon l'invention. They represent a preferred embodiment of the invention.
    • La figure 1 est une vue d'un élément de construction, vu de dessus, composé de deux bacs. Figure 1 is a view of a building element, seen from above, consists of two trays.
    • La figure 2 est une vue en coupe de l'élément de construction suivant l'axe AA représenté à la figure 1. Figure 2 is a sectional view of the construction element along line AA shown in Figure 1.
    • La figure 3 est une vue en perspective d'un assemblage d'éléments de construction. Figure 3 is a perspective view of an assembly of building elements.
    • La figure 4 est une vue en coupe d'une assemblage d'éléments de construction mettant en évidence le talus, la tere dans les bacs, les plantes et leurs racines. Figure 4 is a sectional view of an assembly building elements highlighting the slope, the tere in stores, plants and their roots.
  • [0015] [0015]
    L'élément de construction 1 selon l'invention est constitué par un bac sans fond 2, des cloisons verticales 3, 4 délimitent un grand espace 5 et au moins deux espaces 6 et 7. The construction element 1 according to the invention is constituted by a bottom shell 2, vertical walls 3, 4 define a large space 5 and at least two spaces 6 and 7.
  • [0016] [0016]
    Les cloisons verticales 3 et 4 sont disposées de manière à ce qu'elles délimitent un grand espace 5 vers l'aval et au moins deux espaces plus petits 6 et 7 vers l'amont. The vertical baffles 3 and 4 are disposed so that they delimit a large space 5 in the downstream direction and at least two smaller spaces 6 and 7 upstream.
  • [0017] [0017]
    Un élément de construction 1 peut être composé de deux bacs 2A, 2B ou de plusieurs bacs sans fond. A building element 1 may be composed of two tanks 2A, 2B or more bins without bottom.
  • [0018] [0018]
    Les cloisons verticales 3, 4 délimitent, en aval, un grand espace 5 et vers l'amont deux espaces plus petits 6, 7 et ce, grâce à une cloison 3 parallèle à la paroi amont 8 du bac et à la cloison perpendiculaire 4 reliant ladite paroi amont 8 et la cloison 3 qui lui est parallèle. The vertical walls 3, 4 define, downstream, a large space 5 and upstream two smaller spaces 6, 7, thanks to a wall 3 parallel to the upstream wall 8 of the tray and perpendicular to the wall 4 connecting said upstream wall 8 and the partition wall 3 which is parallel thereto.
  • [0019] [0019]
    Selon un autre mode de réalisation préféré représenté à la figure 3, l'élément de construction 1 est constitué de deux bacs adjacents 2A, 2B, fabriqué en un seul bloc, ce qui réduit les coûts de fabrication. According to another preferred embodiment shown in Figure 3, the construction element 1 consists of two adjacent tanks 2A, 2B, manufactured in one piece, reducing manufacturing costs.
  • [0020] [0020]
    Les racines 9 d'une plante 11 peuvent passer d'un bac à l'autre par le grand espace 5, par contre, elles ne peuvent, par les espaces 6 et 7, qu'aller directement dans le sol 10. Grâce à ces espaces amonts 6 et 7, les racines 9 s'entremêlent d'une plante 11 à l'autre mais uniquement dans le sol 10. 9 the roots of a plant 11 can pass from one tray to another by the large space 5, by cons, they can not, by the spaces 6 and 7, as going directly into the soil 10. Thanks to these upstream spaces 6 and 7, 9 intertwine the roots of a plant 11 to another, but only in the ground 10.
  • [0021] [0021]
    La taille des espaces 6 et 7, est telle que lorsque les bacs 2 sont superposés les uns sur les autres, les racines 9, qui sortent du bac supérieur, ne puissent aller que vers le sol 10 et non dans le bac inférieur, c'est-à-dire que la cloison verticale 3 du bac supérieur vient au niveau de la paroi amont 8 du bac inférieur. The size of the spaces 6 and 7, is such that when the trays 2 are superposed on each other, the root 9, coming out of the top tray, can not go that towards the ground 10 and not in the lower tray, c ' is to say that the vertical partition of the upper tray 3 comes to the upstream wall 8 of the lower tray.
  • [0022] [0022]
    Dans la figure 4, le premier bac repose sur une semelle 12, puis le bloc est enfoui dans le sol en le laissant dépasser de plusieurs centimètres, environ huit centimètres. In Figure 4, the first tray rests on a sole 12, then the block is buried in the soil leaving the exceed several centimeters, approximately eight centimeters.
  • [0023] [0023]
    Si la hauteur du mur est faible, environ 1 mètre 50, la semelle 12 est en terre tamisée. If the wall height is low, about 1 meter 50, the sole 12 is sieved soil. Si la hauteur du mur est supérieure à 1 mètre 50, la semelle est coulée. If the wall height is greater than 1 meter 50, the sole is cast. Des échancrures 13, disposées sur les parois latérales 14 du bac 2, permettent aux bacs 2 de s'emboîter les uns dans les autres lorsqu'ils se superposent, pour monter à sec le mur de soutènement. Notches 13 disposed on the side walls 14 of the tray 2, allow containers 2 fit into each other when they overlap, for dry mounting the retaining wall.

Claims (4)

1. A support wall intended to be ornamented with plants, consisting of construction elements (1) that have been mounted in dry condition by fitting said elements one into the other and superposing them one on the other, each element being of the type consisting of a vessel without a bottom (2) and having vertical partition walls (3, 4), characterized in that a first vertical partition wall (3), parallel to the rear wall (8) of the vessel, delimits a large space (5) in the direction towards the front, serving as a flower pot, and at least one space in the rearward direction, serving as alveoli for the roots of the set back upper vessel which, at the rear, is arranged on the lower vessel in out-of-line fashion, with the latter space being subdivided by a second vertical partition wall (4) perpendicular to the rear wall (8) and to the first partition wall (3) so as to define at least two smaller spaces (6, 7), and in that the rearward spaces (6, 7) are of a size such that, when the vessels are superposed on one another, the roots (9) coming forth from the upper vessel can only extend as far as to the bottom (10) and not into the lower vessel, which means that the vertical partition wall (3) of the upper vessel is at the level of the rear wall (8) of the lower vessel.
2. The support wall according to claim 1, characterized in that a construction element (1) may be composed of two vessels (2A, 2B) or of a plurality of vessels without a bottom.
3. The support wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the construction element (1) consists of two adjacent vessels (2A, 2B), manufactures as one block.
4. The support wall according to claim 1, characterized in that the same has arcuate cutouts (13) on the lateral walls (14) of the vessel (2) to permit fitting the vessels into one another.
EP19850430030 1984-03-23 1985-09-13 Building element for planted retaining walls Expired - Lifetime EP0215991B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8404704A FR2561684B1 (en) 1984-03-23 1984-03-23 Building Element for retaining walls indicated to be trimmed vegetation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19853575174 DE3575174D1 (en) 1985-09-13 1985-09-13 Component for plantable retaining walls.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0215991A1 true EP0215991A1 (en) 1987-04-01
EP0215991B1 true EP0215991B1 (en) 1990-01-03

Family

ID=9302477

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19850430030 Expired - Lifetime EP0215991B1 (en) 1984-03-23 1985-09-13 Building element for planted retaining walls

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0215991B1 (en)
FR (1) FR2561684B1 (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5490363A (en) 1992-10-06 1996-02-13 Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5589124A (en) 1989-09-28 1996-12-31 Block Systems, Inc. Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US5704183A (en) 1992-10-06 1998-01-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5709062A (en) 1992-10-06 1998-01-20 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5879603A (en) 1996-11-08 1999-03-09 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Process for producing masonry block with roughened surface
US6029943A (en) 1996-11-08 2000-02-29 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
US6178704B1 (en) 1996-11-08 2001-01-30 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
USD445512S1 (en) 1997-10-27 2001-07-24 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block
USD458693S1 (en) 1996-11-08 2002-06-11 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE68910631T2 (en) * 1988-09-30 1994-05-19 Jean Louis Rossi Plantable retaining wall with niches, which can be used as permanent formwork.
FR2604859B1 (en) * 1986-10-09 1988-12-16 Vasseur Martine Element for decorative planting and building natural slopes
FR2622226B1 (en) * 1987-10-21 1991-02-22 Tartarin Jean Louis Concrete Elements prefabricated for the realization of landscaped walls soutenement
EP0322667B1 (en) * 1987-12-31 1992-09-16 Otto Kalbermatten Method for building a wall, construction element and connection slab for applying the method, and wall built by the method
NL8802138A (en) * 1988-08-30 1990-03-16 Heidemij Uitvoering Sand cement stone made noise barrier.
EP0451521B1 (en) * 1990-04-10 1996-07-24 Fritz Prof. Dr.-Ing. Büsching Embankment protection structure
US5913790A (en) * 1995-06-07 1999-06-22 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Plantable retaining wall block
US5601384A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-02-11 Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc. Plantable retaining wall
FR2746126B1 (en) * 1996-03-14 1998-04-24 landscaped block, concrete element in colors indicated to create landscaped walls, landscaped berms, Compositae planters and small pools
US5741339A (en) * 1996-09-27 1998-04-21 Dumars; Paul H. Vertical wall planter
GB2412940B (en) * 2004-04-08 2008-11-05 Michael Stephen Bundock Retaining wall comprising interlocking blocks

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE7738774U1 (en) * Langmann, Alfred, 3450 Holzminden
DE7824776U1 (en) * 1978-01-18 1979-02-08 Marmor & Kunststeinwerke Gebr. Heinzmann, Eyholz, Visp (Schweiz) Element for hang assurance
DE3003434C2 (en) * 1980-01-31 1984-04-05 Schneider & Klippel Kg, 4190 Kleve, De
EP0047717B1 (en) * 1980-09-05 1983-06-22 Steiner Silidur AG Building block
DE3363776D1 (en) * 1982-09-08 1986-07-03 Hunziker & Cie Ag Slope element
DE3247030A1 (en) * 1982-12-18 1984-06-20 Bruno Heibges Means of producing stabilised slopes suitable for planting

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6183168B1 (en) 1989-09-28 2001-02-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5589124A (en) 1989-09-28 1996-12-31 Block Systems, Inc. Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US6616382B2 (en) 1989-09-28 2003-09-09 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6142713A (en) 1989-09-28 2000-11-07 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5827015A (en) 1989-09-28 1998-10-27 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6312197B1 (en) 1989-09-28 2001-11-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5709062A (en) 1992-10-06 1998-01-20 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5795105A (en) 1992-10-06 1998-08-18 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5704183A (en) 1992-10-06 1998-01-06 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6113318A (en) 1992-10-06 2000-09-05 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US5711129A (en) 1992-10-06 1998-01-27 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Masonry block
US5490363A (en) 1992-10-06 1996-02-13 Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc. Composite masonry block
US6178704B1 (en) 1996-11-08 2001-01-30 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
US5879603A (en) 1996-11-08 1999-03-09 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Process for producing masonry block with roughened surface
USD458693S1 (en) 1996-11-08 2002-06-11 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block
US6029943A (en) 1996-11-08 2000-02-29 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Splitting technique
USD445512S1 (en) 1997-10-27 2001-07-24 Anchor Wall Systems, Inc. Retaining wall block

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR2561684B1 (en) 1986-12-26 grant
FR2561684A1 (en) 1985-09-27 application
EP0215991A1 (en) 1987-04-01 application

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