EA018515B1 - The apparatus for recycling flue gases - Google Patents

The apparatus for recycling flue gases Download PDF

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Publication number
EA018515B1
EA018515B1 EA201001418A EA201001418A EA018515B1 EA 018515 B1 EA018515 B1 EA 018515B1 EA 201001418 A EA201001418 A EA 201001418A EA 201001418 A EA201001418 A EA 201001418A EA 018515 B1 EA018515 B1 EA 018515B1
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EA
Eurasian Patent Office
Prior art keywords
gas
connected
reactor
cooler
inlet
Prior art date
Application number
EA201001418A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
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EA201001418A1 (en
Inventor
Александр Александрович ЗВОНОВ
Олег Сергеевич БАСАРГИН
Original Assignee
Тверское Региональное Отделение Международного Союза Общественных Объединений "Международная Академия Авторов Научных Открытий И Изобретений"
Тверская Региональная Общественная Организация "Верхневолжское Авторское Общество"
Общество С Ограниченной Ответственностью "Фрегат"
Зуев, Игорь Геннадьевич
Мясоутов, Дамир Камильевич
Каптуров, Сергей Юрьевич
Белоножко, Анна
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Тверское Региональное Отделение Международного Союза Общественных Объединений "Международная Академия Авторов Научных Открытий И Изобретений", Тверская Региональная Общественная Организация "Верхневолжское Авторское Общество", Общество С Ограниченной Ответственностью "Фрегат", Зуев, Игорь Геннадьевич, Мясоутов, Дамир Камильевич, Каптуров, Сергей Юрьевич, Белоножко, Анна filed Critical Тверское Региональное Отделение Международного Союза Общественных Объединений "Международная Академия Авторов Научных Открытий И Изобретений"
Priority to EA201001418A priority Critical patent/EA018515B1/en
Publication of EA201001418A1 publication Critical patent/EA201001418A1/en
Publication of EA018515B1 publication Critical patent/EA018515B1/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to chimney wastes utilization of heating systems or chemical production furnaces using solid, liquid or gaseous fuel. An appliance for chimney gas utilization comprises seriously arranged a gas collector (1) chimney wastes, a gas reactor (2), an adiabatic cooler (3) and a filtering & ventilation unit (4). The gas reactor (2) comprises a metal tank with double walls constituting a coolant jacket (9). The cooler (3) has double walls constituting a coolant jacket (12). Chambers of the coolant jackets (9) and (12) are connected by tubes between themselves and also with a cavity of a heat exchanger (14), inside which steam generation tubes (15) are installed connected therebetween via a steam turbine (16). An electric generator (17) is installed on an axle of the turbine (16), output windings of which are connected to an electric energy storage unit (18). The energy storage unit (18) is either of capacitive or inductive type and is connected to a terminal box on low-voltage output wire for integration with outer and inner of electric energy consumers, while on high-voltage output wire is connected to an inlet of a pump source (20). The pump source (20) comprises an electromagnetic oscillator and/or electrical discharger with pumping frequency f, which corresponds to one or several resonance frequencies fof electromagnetic absorption by a gas reagent introduced into the reactor chamber (2).

Description

The invention relates to devices for processing industrial and household waste, specifically to devices for the disposal of flue waste from heating furnaces and chemical plants using solid, liquid or gaseous fuels.

A device for utilization of flue gases (IPC Ρ27Ό 17/00) is known, which contains an air intake with a flue gas receiving pipe and a filtering unit (FVU) for cleaning flue gases from soot, unburned fuel particles, and individual gas components, such as hydrogen sulfide, classified as environmentally friendly. unacceptable emissions.

A disadvantage of the known device is the lack of utilization of flue gases. This is explained by the fact that 89% of flue gases are carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), the main low-cost method of disposal of which at the present stage of development of science and technology remains burial by injection into underground storage facilities.

The objective of the invention is to increase the degree of utilization of flue gases.

The technical result that provides a solution to this problem is the avalanche transformation of flue gases into a plasma, providing afterburning of flue gases.

The achievement of the claimed technical result and, as a consequence, the solution of the technical problem is ensured by the fact that the flue waste disposal device containing a gas intake with the first flue gas inlet and filtering unit according to the invention further comprises a gas reactor with a liquid cooling jacket, a source of gas reagent gas, adiabatic plasma cooler with liquid cooling jacket, heat exchanger, steam turbine, on the shaft of which a generator is installed electric current, the output winding of which is connected through an electrical energy storage device to the input of the pumping source, the gas reactor is connected at the entrance to the exit of the gas intake, and at the exit through an adiabatic cooler with a filtering unit, one output of which is connected to the nozzle for removal of solid fractions, and the second the purified gas fraction — with the second inlet nozzle; the cooling jackets of the gas reactor and the adiabatic plasma cooler are connected to the heating circuit of the steam exchanger ka, the steam output of which is connected to the inlet of the turbine.

In this case, the pump source is made in the form of an EMW generator and / or an electric discharger with a pump frequency corresponding to one or several resonant absorption frequencies of electromagnetic waves by a gas reagent. The filtering unit is made in the form of a centrifugal separator and / or a set of replaceable filters with an exhaust fan. The plasma cooler is designed as a Lovall nozzle or as a combination of a Lovall and Mach nozzle.

The drawing shows a figure explaining the design of the device for the disposal of flue gases.

The flue waste disposal device contains sequentially installed flue gas intake 1, gas reactor 2, adiabatic cooler 3, filter unit 4. Gas intake 1 contains a fan 5 connected inlet to the first 6 and second 7 branch pipes of the primary and secondary flue gases, respectively, and output - with the inlet pipe 8 of the gas reactor 2. The gas reactor 2 is made in the form of a metal tank with double walls, forming a cooling jacket 9. The volume of the internal cavity (units - tens of cm 3 ) and the wall thickness (fractions - units cm) of the capacity of the gas reactor 2 are selected from the condition of avoiding rupture of its walls during avalanche ionization of the gas reagent and reducing energy costs for igniting the gas reagent in the entire volume of the reactor cavity. The inlet 8 is connected to the internal cavity of the reactor 2 and provided with a non-return valve 9. The outlet 10 of the gas reactor 2 is equipped with a pressure-controlled valve 11 connecting the cavity of the reactor 2 with the cavity of the adiabatic plasma cooler 3. The adiabatic cooler 3 is equipped with double walls forming the cooling jacket 12. The internal cavity of the cooler 5 for the spent gas reagent is connected to the inlet of the filtration unit 4. Installation 4 is made in the form of a centrifugal separator and / or a set of replaceable filters with an exhaust fan. One output of the installation 4 for the cleaned gas reagent is connected to the inlet 7 of the gas intake 1, and the other through the sludge and filtered sediments through the shut-off fittings 13 with an external storage tank (not shown). The cavities of the jackets 9 and 12 are connected by pipelines to each other and to the cavity of the heat exchanger 14, inside which steam generation pipelines 15 are installed, interconnected via a steam turbine 16. An electric current generator 17 is installed on the turbine shaft 16, the output windings of which are connected to electric energy storage 18 . The drive 18 is made of a capacitive or inductive type and is connected at the low-voltage output to the terminal box 19 for connection with external and internal consumers of electrical energy, and at the high-voltage output to the input of the pump source 20. Pumping source 20 is designed as a generator EMW and / or electrical discharger with the frequency F n pump corresponding to one or more resonant frequencies F 0 absorption (ΙΟϋΚΝΑΕ OR RE8EAK.SN Og (Hc Ν; · ιΙίοη; · ι1 Vigeai Og Lalbagbk RNiykek AIB SNetMgu 67A, 3, MauLie, 1963; Yamanov, DN, Basics of Electrodynamics and Radio Wave Propagation, Part 2. Basics of Electrodynamics, Text of Lectures, M: MSTU GA, 2005. 100 s) Electromagnetic Waves with Gas Reagent Entered into the Cavity reactor 2. The drive 18 is made with an adjustable period T following you okovoltnyh momentum

- 1 018515 ow voltage and in and duration Δ1 (fractions - units of microseconds). The specific values of the values in Δ1 of the accumulator 18, as well as £ n of the accumulator 20, are selected from the condition of ensuring stable plasma burning, preventing rupture of the walls of the reactor 2 during plasma avalanche ionization and obtaining the maximum thermal energy at the reactor output.

The device for the disposal of flue waste works as follows.

In the initial state, the accumulator 18, the fan 5 and the FVU 4 are energized and ignited from an external source of electrical energy. When this fan 5 gas intake 1 injects flue gases from an external source, for example from the chimney of the boiler house, through the inlet pipe 6 and the pipe 8 into the cavity of the gas reactor 2.

At the same time, the drive 8 converts the input voltage and the ignition into a high-voltage impulse voltage and in duration Δ1, for example, fractions - units μs, with an adjustable repetition period T. These voltage pulses are then fed to the source 20 of the pumping gas reagent introduced into the cavity of the gas reactor 2. Under the influence of high-voltage pulses, the source 20 generates electromagnetic radiation and / or initiates a series of electrical discharges with a total energy density of at least 1 J / cm 3 on one or several resonant absorption frequencies of the gas reagent. As a result of the resonant absorption of the electrical and electromagnetic energy of the pumping source 18, (energetically low-cost) avalanche ionization of the gas reagent occurs in the entire volume of the reactor 2. At the same time, in the volume of the gas reactor isolated from the external environment, a plasma-chemical reaction occurs with a partial nuclear decay of atoms (Journal of Vestr. , №9, p. 19) at which the ionization process dominates the reactant gas relaxation process is the disintegration of CO 2 molecules into constituent atoms, carbon ignition, erevodyaschee its heat of combustion in the additional ionization source, and more complete separation of all electrons from their atoms partial nuclear decay atoms. After the separation of all electrons from atoms in the closed space of reactor 2, according to the effect of instantaneous nuclear collapse (I8 6936971, 621B 1/00; 621K 1/00; 2003) and the formation of a common positive nucleus, the electrons around the newly formed nucleus are automatically excited (transferred to high-energy remote from the new positive nucleus electric orbits). In the transition of electrons from the excited state to the lower energy levels, a quantum energy is emitted, which is proportional to the difference of the energies of the electrical orbits of the transitions of electrons of the formed quasi-nucleus. This energy in the closed volume of the gas reactor 2 is converted mainly into thermal energy, providing afterburning of the gas reagent and heating the coolant in the jacket 9, and into the energy of the shock wave (plasma microexplosions). Under the action of the pressure of the expanding plasma, the check valve 10 closes and the threshold valve 11 opens. When this plasma flow from the reactor 2 through the valve 11 enters the adiabatic cooler 3 and then cooled goes into the filtering unit (PVF) 4. In the PVF 4, the residual reagent is divided into gas and solid-liquid fractions. Unreacted gas fractions are recycled through the pipe 7 to the gas intake 1 a second time, and the solid-liquid fractions are precipitated and periodically removed through the shut-off fittings 13 to the storage tank for further processing or disposal. After the end of the plasma expansion phase in the reactor chamber 2, the reverse process of its compression begins. When this valve 11 is closed, and the valve 8 is opened. Through the open valve 8 into the chamber of the reactor 2 under the action of the vacuum force caused by the compression of the residual plasma, and with the help of the fan 5, the next portion of the gas reactant is fed and the process of activation and utilization of the reactant in the reactor 2 is repeated. The heat energy released during the utilization process is absorbed by the high-temperature liquid heat carrier, for example, lithium circulating through the jacket 9 of the gas reactor 2, the jacket 12 of the adiabatic cooler 3 and the heat exchanger 14. Boiling water in the pipes 15 as steam flows to the turbine blades 16, causing rotation her shaft. The steam condensate from the refrigerator (not shown) of the steam turbine is returned to the pipes 15 for reuse. The mechanical energy of rotation of the shaft of the turbine 16 then the generator 17 is converted into electrical energy and transmitted to the drive 18 energy. When drive 18 comes to operating mode, the external source and ignition is turned off and the flue gas utilization device completely switches to power supply by burning the gas reagent and converting its thermal energy into electrical energy. As a result of utilization, flue and associated gases are completely burned, forming a solid fraction of the waste, and the energy of the burnt gases is converted into energy of electric current.

The invention was developed at the level of technical proposals.

Claims (3)

  1. CLAIM
    1. A flue waste disposal device containing a gas intake with the first flue gas receiving pipe and a filtering unit (PVF), characterized in that it additionally contains a gas reactor with a liquid cooling jacket, a source of pumping gas reagent, an adiabatic plasma cooler with a liquid cooling jacket, a heat exchanger steam turbine, on the shaft of which an electric current generator is installed, the output winding of which is connected
    - 2 018515 through an electrical energy storage device with an input of a pumping source, and the gas reactor is connected at the inlet to the outlet of the gas intake, and at the outlet through the adiabatic cooler with a HLF, one outlet of which is connected to the branch pipe for removal of solid fractions, and the second in the purified gas fraction is the second inlet pipe, and the cooling jacket of the gas reactor and the adiabatic plasma cooler are connected to the steam heating circuit of the heat exchanger, the steam output of which is connected to the turbine inlet.
  2. 2. Disposal device according to claim 1, characterized in that the pumping source is made in the form of an electromagnetic wave generator (EMW) and / or an electric discharger with a pump frequency corresponding to one or more resonant absorption frequencies of the EMW gas reagent.
  3. 3. The disposal device according to claim 1, characterized in that the PSF is designed as a centrifugal separator and / or a set of replaceable filters with an exhaust fan.
EA201001418A 2010-08-24 2010-08-24 The apparatus for recycling flue gases EA018515B1 (en)

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EA201001418A EA018515B1 (en) 2010-08-24 2010-08-24 The apparatus for recycling flue gases

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EA201001418A EA018515B1 (en) 2010-08-24 2010-08-24 The apparatus for recycling flue gases

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0551876A2 (en) * 1992-01-17 1993-07-21 The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. Process for removing carbon dioxide from combustion exhaust gas
RU2095131C1 (en) * 1991-07-12 1997-11-10 Машинен-унд-Анлагенбау Гримма ГмбХ Method for rendering harmless of effluent gases of waste burning units and device for its embodiment
RU2140611C1 (en) * 1999-04-15 1999-10-27 Закрытое акционерное общество "СОЦИАЛЬНО-ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОЕ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЕ" Method of heat treatment of organic wastes and plant for realization of this method
RU2184601C1 (en) * 2000-11-27 2002-07-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "ТурбоДЭн" Method of high-pressure gas processing in plasma discharge and plasmochemical reactor for method embodiment
RU2218378C1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2003-12-10 Томский политехнический университет Method of utilizing oil slimes and plasma-catalytic reactor for implementation of the method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2095131C1 (en) * 1991-07-12 1997-11-10 Машинен-унд-Анлагенбау Гримма ГмбХ Method for rendering harmless of effluent gases of waste burning units and device for its embodiment
EP0551876A2 (en) * 1992-01-17 1993-07-21 The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. Process for removing carbon dioxide from combustion exhaust gas
RU2140611C1 (en) * 1999-04-15 1999-10-27 Закрытое акционерное общество "СОЦИАЛЬНО-ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОЕ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЕ" Method of heat treatment of organic wastes and plant for realization of this method
RU2184601C1 (en) * 2000-11-27 2002-07-10 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "ТурбоДЭн" Method of high-pressure gas processing in plasma discharge and plasmochemical reactor for method embodiment
RU2218378C1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2003-12-10 Томский политехнический университет Method of utilizing oil slimes and plasma-catalytic reactor for implementation of the method

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Designated state(s): AM AZ BY KZ KG MD TJ TM RU