DE4007677C1 - Device for attacking armoured shelters for aircraft - Google Patents

Device for attacking armoured shelters for aircraft

Info

Publication number
DE4007677C1
DE4007677C1 DE19904007677 DE4007677A DE4007677C1 DE 4007677 C1 DE4007677 C1 DE 4007677C1 DE 19904007677 DE19904007677 DE 19904007677 DE 4007677 A DE4007677 A DE 4007677A DE 4007677 C1 DE4007677 C1 DE 4007677C1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
missile
shelter
flying
armored
missiles
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
DE19904007677
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Bernd Gundel
Juergen-Michael Busch
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Diehl Stiftung and Co KG
Original Assignee
Diehl Stiftung and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Diehl Stiftung and Co KG filed Critical Diehl Stiftung and Co KG
Priority to DE19904007677 priority Critical patent/DE4007677C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE4007677C1 publication Critical patent/DE4007677C1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G7/00Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles
    • F41G7/20Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles based on continuous observation of target position
    • F41G7/22Homing guidance systems
    • F41G7/226Semi-active homing systems, i.e. comprising a receiver and involving auxiliary illuminating means, e.g. using auxiliary guiding missiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G7/00Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles
    • F41G7/20Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles based on continuous observation of target position
    • F41G7/22Homing guidance systems
    • F41G7/2233Multimissile systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G7/00Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles
    • F41G7/20Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles based on continuous observation of target position
    • F41G7/22Homing guidance systems
    • F41G7/2253Passive homing systems, i.e. comprising a receiver and do not requiring an active illumination of the target
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G7/00Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles
    • F41G7/20Direction control systems for self-propelled missiles based on continuous observation of target position
    • F41G7/22Homing guidance systems
    • F41G7/2273Homing guidance systems characterised by the type of waves
    • F41G7/2293Homing guidance systems characterised by the type of waves using electromagnetic waves other than radio waves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H13/00Means of attack or defence not otherwise provided for
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/04Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect of armour-piercing type

Abstract

The device consists of at least two flying bodies (24,26,28) serially started from start device and driven by rocket motors. The first flying body (24) has a target detection device (32) and a control component for steering to the armoured shelter (10) to be attacked. Each following flying body (26,28) has a search head (34) orientated to the rocket motor signature of the preceding flying body and a control device for course coordination with the preceding flying body. The first flying body (24) is provided for funnel-shaped free explosion of the penetration location of the armoured shelter (10) and each subsequent flying body is provided for residual penetration of the armouring of the shelter and for effect within the interior of the shelter. The search head (34) of the subsequent flying bodies is of the infra-red type. The series of flying bodies are one second apart in their timing.

Description

The invention relates to a device for combating armored shelters intended especially for aircraft, with at least two missiles.

Such a device is from DE 35 27 522 C2 known. There several can form the missiles Active body carriers can be provided as submunitions, which in one automatically through a shelter forecourts characterized target area of maneuvering shipment Carriers are provided. As submunitions can there missiles that can be corrected for the end phase are used. The individual missiles are independent of each other.  

For fighting aircraft in shelters, it is from DE 33 46 406 C2 known to ignite a grup from drilling and subsequent charge warhead depending on the sensed impact staggering opportunities. When serving on a softly covered Under the shelter, however, an intrusion engine must first be fired, after which the intended coordinated effect of drilling and margin charge to penetrate the actual shelter reinforcement questionable is.

Against multilayer, especially active armor, according to the DE 32 07 220 A1 presents a tandem arrangement of a small balancing projectile a large balancing projectile can be used, the small Wuchtge lap coaxially held in front of the big cage and so the same is shot in time with the large balancing bullet. Against an Un due to the in practice inevitable trajectory deviations between the small and the large penetrator have a sufficient effect within the Shelters are not expected.

According to US 4,524,697 are used against reactive armor several similar penetrators staggered next to each other sen to in during the flight due to wire coupling between each other to cross a coaxial bullet path. Precisely because of this mechani coupling is a kinematically stable transition into the ge shared trajectory in time before hitting the target and without large speed reduction critical.  

US-A 35 57 697 describes a bomb, in particular for Combating railroad tracks is provided to this interrupt effectively. This bomb can be two with each other connected by means of a flexible connecting element Show bomb body.

A torpedo weapon with two spatially separable ones Torpedo sections interconnected by means of a flexible Connecting element are connected, is from US-A 13 82 166 known. The connection between the two serves there Torpedo sections cause these to sink on describe a spiral path on the seabed.

The invention has for its object a device to create of the type mentioned, with which a effective combat of any hardened armored Shelters is possible.

This object is achieved in that the from a launch device launching a missile are powered by rocket engines that the first Missile a target detection device and a Control device for controlling the to be combated armored shelter, and that the / everyone Follow missile with an attached to the rocket engine signature of the seeker flying in front of the missile and a control device for course adjustment to the flying missiles are provided. According to the invention is the first missile especially for funnel-shaped Blast the controlled penetration location of the fighting armored shelter and the / everyone Follow-on missile, in particular for the residual penetration of the armor of the to be controlled shelter or to the effect inside the  armored shelter provided. With the above Shelters are z. B. shelters for Aircraft. However, it can also be underground Missile bunkers and other target objects under extreme protection act. The first missile thus preferably has one high explosive effect and is especially intended to Clear the cover material from the armored shelter and the under the cover material of the shelter shake. The at least one of the first missile the following missile flies onto the cleared and shaken ceiling of the shelter on and then leads in the prepared, d. H. cleared area of the armored shelter the penetration process. The time-delayed mode of action of the individual missiles device according to the invention results in comparison to a only warhead that as a penetrator or as Tandem warhead is designed to be improved Penetration effectiveness. Even if due to an extreme Hardening of the armored shelter to be fought Penetration of the same should not be achieved, so enough the effect of the at least one following missile from at least through breaking out parts of the ceiling of the armored shelter such an effect on in the shelter parked aircraft to achieve that Operability at least reduced or temporary or is permanently excluded.

The search head of the / each following missile preferably points an infrared sensor. The at least one Follow-on missile that delays the first missile succeeds, the infrared principle can be used here make and on the drive motor of the first missile switch on.  

The flight distance from the take-off device serial launch missile is preferably on the order of a second. According to the invention For example, fighting an armored shelter from board of a flying carrier possible. This can be done at a an air-to-surface missile at a predetermined time be discontinued, which is its pre-programmed goal, d. H. one armored shelter, whose coordinates are the missile have been entered with high precision in the so-called Top Combat Attack or Side Attack.

Further details, features and advantages result from the following description of an exemplary embodiment of the device according to the invention, shown schematically in the drawing, for combating an armored shelter provided in particular for aircraft. The figure shows an armored shelter 10 , which is a hall 14 for aircraft 16 and 18 spanned by a ceiling 12 . The ceiling 12 of the armored shelter 10 is covered with floor covering material 20 . With the aid of this floor covering material 20 , an improvement, ie an increase in the hardening of the armored shelter 10, is provided. To protect the armored shelter 10 active and / or passive camouflage and deception measures are possible, which are z. B. can be a vegetation 22 of the armored shelter 10 .

The device according to the invention for combating the armored shelter 10 has missiles 24 , 26 , 28 . In the drawing, three missiles 24 , 26 and 28 are shown schematically. It goes without saying that two missiles may also be sufficient, or that more than three missiles are provided. The missiles ( 24 , 26 , 28 ) launching in series from a launch device (not shown) are driven by rocket motors. The first missile 24 has a target detection device 32 . In addition, the first missile 24 is designed with a control device for actuating the armored shelter 10 to be combated. The / each following missile 26 , 28 is provided with a seeker head 32 and with a control device for tuning the course to the flying missile ahead. The follow-up missile 26 is thus matched in terms of its flight course to the first missile 24 and the second follow-up missile 28 is matched with its flight course to the follow-up missile 26 flying in front of it. The search heads 32 are preferably infrared search heads which are based on the signature of the rocket motor 30 of the respectively flying missile 24 or 26 . The first missile 24 serves in particular to clear most of the ground covering material 20 from the armored shelter 10 and to point the at least one following missile 26 , 28 to the shelter 10 to be fought. The at least one follow-on missile 26 , 28 then performs the residual breakthrough through the ceiling 12 of the shelter 10, or it can be provided to bring the actual tactical charge to the target.

Since the at least one follow-up missile 26 , 28 is therefore intended for penetration, it is generally of a solid design, which is why it is unproblematic if the at least one follow-up missile 26 , 28 is to be combated in the target to be combated by the first missile 24 immediately before it hits collides with flying masses of material that are blown up by the first missile 24 or by the preceding missile flying ahead. The target detection with the aid of the first missile 24 and the course adjustment of the at least one following missile 26 , 28 to the trajectory of the first missile 24 advantageously makes it possible to successfully combat any armored shelter 10 with any amount of ground covering material 20 being thrown up.

Claims (4)

1. A device for combating armored shelters ( 10 ) provided in particular for aircraft ( 16 , 18 ), with at least two missiles ( 24 , 26 , 28 ), characterized in that the missiles ( 24 , 26 , 28 ) are driven by rocket motors ( 30 ), that the first missile ( 24 ) has a target detection device ( 32 ) and a control device for actuating the armored shelter ( 10 ) to be combated, and that the / each following missile ( 26 , 28 ) has one is provided on the rocket motor signature of the flying missile ( 24 , 26 ) oriented search head ( 34 ) and a control device for course adjustment to the flying missile ( 24 , 26 ).
2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first missile ( 24 ) esp. For funnel-shaped blasting of the controlled penetration site of the armored shelter to be fought ( 10 ) and that the / each subsequent missile ( 26 , 28 ) to the residual penetration of the armor of the fighting shelter ( 10 ) or for effect inside the armored shelter ( 10 ) is provided.
3. Apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the seeker head ( 34 ) of the / each following missile ( 26 , 28 ) has an infrared sensor.
4. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the temporal flight distance of the missiles ( 24 , 26 , 28 ) is of the order of one second.
DE19904007677 1990-03-10 1990-03-10 Device for attacking armoured shelters for aircraft Expired - Fee Related DE4007677C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19904007677 DE4007677C1 (en) 1990-03-10 1990-03-10 Device for attacking armoured shelters for aircraft

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19904007677 DE4007677C1 (en) 1990-03-10 1990-03-10 Device for attacking armoured shelters for aircraft

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE4007677C1 true DE4007677C1 (en) 1998-05-14

Family

ID=6401911

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE19904007677 Expired - Fee Related DE4007677C1 (en) 1990-03-10 1990-03-10 Device for attacking armoured shelters for aircraft

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE4007677C1 (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1382166A (en) * 1917-05-22 1921-06-21 Blum Charles Torpedo
US3557697A (en) * 1962-07-23 1971-01-26 Us Navy Railroad rail breaking bomb
DE3207220A1 (en) * 1982-02-27 1983-09-08 Rheinmetall Gmbh Floor arrangement
US4524697A (en) * 1981-07-09 1985-06-25 Rheinmetall Gmbh Projectile arrangement for a weapon having a gun barrel
DE3527522C2 (en) * 1985-08-01 1988-11-24 Diehl Gmbh & Co, 8500 Nuernberg, De
DE3346406C2 (en) * 1983-12-22 1989-10-19 Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbh, 8012 Ottobrunn, De

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1382166A (en) * 1917-05-22 1921-06-21 Blum Charles Torpedo
US3557697A (en) * 1962-07-23 1971-01-26 Us Navy Railroad rail breaking bomb
US4524697A (en) * 1981-07-09 1985-06-25 Rheinmetall Gmbh Projectile arrangement for a weapon having a gun barrel
DE3207220A1 (en) * 1982-02-27 1983-09-08 Rheinmetall Gmbh Floor arrangement
DE3346406C2 (en) * 1983-12-22 1989-10-19 Messerschmitt-Boelkow-Blohm Gmbh, 8012 Ottobrunn, De
DE3527522C2 (en) * 1985-08-01 1988-11-24 Diehl Gmbh & Co, 8500 Nuernberg, De

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
8100 Publication of the examined application without publication of unexamined application
D1 Grant (no unexamined application published) patent law 81
8327 Change in the person/name/address of the patent owner

Owner name: DIEHL STIFTUNG & CO., 90478 NUERNBERG, DE

8364 No opposition during term of opposition
8339 Ceased/non-payment of the annual fee