DE4001980A1 - Marking stud for road surfaces - has head with surface directed upwards provided with solar cells and light-responsive sensor switch - Google Patents

Marking stud for road surfaces - has head with surface directed upwards provided with solar cells and light-responsive sensor switch

Info

Publication number
DE4001980A1
DE4001980A1 DE4001980A DE4001980A DE4001980A1 DE 4001980 A1 DE4001980 A1 DE 4001980A1 DE 4001980 A DE4001980 A DE 4001980A DE 4001980 A DE4001980 A DE 4001980A DE 4001980 A1 DE4001980 A1 DE 4001980A1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
head
nail
light
solar cells
marking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE4001980A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Albrecht H Sinnigen
Original Assignee
Albrecht H Sinnigen
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE8901221U priority Critical patent/DE8901221U1/de
Application filed by Albrecht H Sinnigen filed Critical Albrecht H Sinnigen
Priority to DE4001980A priority patent/DE4001980A1/en
Publication of DE4001980A1 publication Critical patent/DE4001980A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B37/00Circuit arrangements for electric light sources in general
    • H05B37/02Controlling
    • H05B37/0209Controlling the instant of the ignition or of the extinction
    • H05B37/0218Controlling the instant of the ignition or of the extinction by the ambient light
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/40Arrangements responsive to adverse atmospheric conditions, e.g. to signal icy roads or to automatically illuminate in fog; Arrangements characterised by heating or drying means
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/50Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users
    • E01F9/553Low discrete bodies, e.g. marking blocks, studs or flexible vehicle-striking members
    • E01F9/559Low discrete bodies, e.g. marking blocks, studs or flexible vehicle-striking members illuminated
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/50Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users
    • E01F9/576Traffic lines
    • E01F9/582Traffic lines illuminated
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B5/00Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied
    • G08B5/22Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
    • G08B5/36Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission using visible light sources
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0967Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits
    • G08G1/096766Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where the system is characterised by the origin of the information transmission
    • G08G1/096783Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where the system is characterised by the origin of the information transmission where the origin of the information is a roadside individual element
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • H02J7/355Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells characterised by the mechanical construction
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B37/00Circuit arrangements for electric light sources in general
    • H05B37/02Controlling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings
    • Y02B20/46Control techniques providing energy savings based on detection of the illumination level

Abstract

The sensor switch (19) responds to brightness and darkness. Batteries, buffer batteries, accumulators or similar are accommodated in the stud head (10) or pref. in the stud shaft (11). At least one LED (17) is arranged at a side surface (12) of the stud head. The batteries are charged across the solar cells (18) during the incidence of daylight, and with darkness the LEDs (17) are connected to the batteries. The surfaces (16) surrounding the LEDs are provided with reflecting material layers or lining.

Description

Die Erfindung bezieht sich auf einen Markierungsnagel für Fahrbahnen, aufweisend einen Nadelkopf und einen von diesem nach unten vorstehenden in die Fahrbahn einbringba ren Nagelschaft. The invention relates to a marking nail for roadways, comprising a needle head and a downwardly from above into the roadway einbringba ren nail shaft.

Markierungsnägel werden in Fahrbahnen eingesetzt, um die Aufmerksamkeit des Kraftfahrers auf besondere Ge fahrenquellen zu lenken. Marking nails are used in roadways to draw the attention of motorists driving swell special Ge. Hierbei geht es nicht nur darum, daß der Kraftfahrer beim Überfahren der Markierungsnägel zu spüren bekommt, daß er eine bestimmte Linie überschrit ten hat, sondern es geht auch darum, daß der Kraftfahrer die Markierungsnägel bereits in größerem Abstand wahrnimmt. This involves not only whether the driver is feeling when passing the marker nails that he überschrit has a certain line ten, but it's also about that the driver perceives the mark nails already at a greater distance. Dies ist jedoch nur dann sichergestellt, wenn einerseits der Kopf des Markierungsnagels auf ihn fallendes Licht in ausreichendem Maße reflektiert. However, this is only guaranteed if on the one hand the head of the marking nail incident light reflected on it sufficiently. Dies ist ins besondere bei nicht ausreichendem Tageslicht kritisch. This is critical in particular for insufficient daylight. Es kommt noch hinzu, daß insbesondere in der Winterzeit Fahrbahnen stark verschmutzt sind, so daß die an dem Nagel kopf vorhandenen reflektierenden Flächen nur unzureichend Licht zurückwerfen. There is also the fact that roads are dirty, especially in the winter time, so that the nail head on the existing reflective surfaces reflect insufficient light.

Die Erfindung beschäftigt sich mit dem Problem, einen Markierungsnagel so auszugestalten, daß er in ganz besonders starkem Maße optisch sichtbar ist, ohne daß hierzu eine ka belgespeiste elektrische Installation erforderlich ist. The invention deals with the problem to design a marking stud so that it is visually apparent in most heavily without requiring a ka Belge applied electrical installation is required.

Erreicht wird dies durch die in den Schutzansprüchen angegebenen Merkmale. This is achieved by the features specified in the protection claims.

Für die Installation des Markierungsnagels gemäß der Erfindung ist es lediglich erforderlich, ein Loch in die Fahrbahndecke zu bohren. For the installation of the marking nail according to the invention, it is only necessary to drill a hole in the pavement. Hierbei können die bereits im Einsatz befindlichen Kernbohrgeräte eingesetzt werden. Here, the core drilling equipment already in use can be used. Nachdem der Markierungsnagel gemäß der Erfindung einge setzt worden ist, sind keine weiteren Installationen od. dgl. erforderlich. After the marking has been nail sets according to the invention is, no further installations are od. like. necessary.

Die Größe des Nagelkopfes kann so dimensioniert wer den, daß in der Zeit, in der Sonnenlicht zur Verfügung steht, die Batterien ausreichend geladen werden können, so daß diese während der Dunkelphase die Leuchtdioden ausreichend mit elektrischer Energie versorgen. The size of the nail head is dimensioned so who to that in time, is in the sunlight available, the batteries can be charged sufficiently so that they provide during the dark phase, the LEDs with sufficient electrical energy.

Eine Blinklichtschaltung sorgt dafür, daß die Licht dioden nur intervallweise Strom erhalten. A flashing light circuit ensures that the light diode obtained only intermittently flow. Nach einer ab gewandelten Ausführungsform könnte ein Temperaturfühler auf diese Blinklichtschaltung Einfluß nehmen. After a starting converted embodiment, a temperature sensor could take this flashing light circuit influence. Er kann bei sogenannten Glatteistemperaturen die Blinklichtschal tung auf eine höhere Frequenz umschalten, so daß durch diese relativ hohe Frequenz dem Autofahrer die Information vermittelt wird, daß er mit Glatteis rechnen muß. It can switch for so-called black ice temperatures, the indicator TIC to a higher frequency, so that the information is mediated through this relatively high frequency the driver that he has to reckon with ice.

Die Erfindung wird nachstehend an Hand der Figur beispielsweise erläutert. The invention is explained below with reference to the figure, for example.

Diese zeigt eine schaubildliche Ansicht eines Mar kierungsnagels gemäß der Erfindung. This shows a perspective view of a Mar kierungsnagels according to the invention.

Mit 10 ist ein Nagelkopf bezeichnet, an dessen un terem Ende sich ein zylindrischer Nagelschaft 11 befindet. 10, a nail head is designated, a cylindrical nail shaft is located at the end un terem. 11 Anstelle des zylindrischen kann auch ein profilierter Schaft verwendet werden, außerdem könnten auch zwei Nagel schäfte vorgesehen sein. Instead of the cylindrical well as a profiled shaft may be used, and could also be two nail shanks provided.

Der Nagelkopf hat im wesentlichen eine flache Form mit einer nur wenig oberhalb der Fahrbahnfläche liegenden Oberfläche und mit einer oder im gezeigten Beispiel vier Seitenflächen 12 , 13 , welche einen allmählichen Übergang von der Fahrbahnoberfläche zur Oberfläche des Nagelkopfes 10 schaffen. The nail head has a substantially flat shape with a little above the road surface lying surface and having one or in the example shown, four side surfaces 12, 13 which provide a gradual transition from the road surface to the surface of the nail head 10th Derartige Ausgestaltungen von Nagelköpfen sind in einer Vielzahl bekannt, sie können im Zusammenhang mit der vorliegenden Erfindung eingesetzt werden. Such embodiments of nail heads are known in a large number, they can be used in connection with the present invention.

Gemäß der Erfindung ist jedoch der Nagelkopf 10 mit einer Ausnehmung versehen, welche in das Innere des Nagel kopfes hineinführt. According to the invention, however, the nail head is provided with a recess 10 which leads into the interior of the nail head. In dieser Ausnehmung sind Solarzellen 18 untergebracht, die mit ihrer Wirkfläche nach oben weisen. In this recess solar cells 18 are housed, facing with its active face upwards. Ebenfalls in dieser Ausnehmung und mit der Betätigungsfläche nach oben ist in der Ausnehmung ein Sensorschalter 19 un tergebracht. Also in this recess, and with the actuating surface facing up sensor switch is accommodated in the recess 19 un. Die Solarzelle 18 und der Sensorschalter 19 können durch eine Kunststoffplatte nach oben abgedeckt sein, so daß die empfindlichen Teile 18 und 19 gegenüber Belastung durch Fahrzeuge geschützt sind. The solar cell 18 and the sensor switch 19 may be covered by a plastic plate upward, so that the photosensitive members 18 and 19 relative to load protected by vehicles. Der Kunststoffteil muß aller dings das auf ihn fallende Sonnenlicht durchlassen, damit die Teile 18 und 19 ihre noch zu erläuternde Funktion aus führen können. The plastic part must all pass the recently falling on him sunlight so that the parts can lead their 18 and 19 to be explained function.

Am Nagelkopf 10 ist die vordere seitliche Fläche 12 mit einer Ausnehmung 16 versehen. The nail head 10, the front lateral face is provided with a recess 16 12th Die Übergänge zur Ober fläche und den seitlichen Flächen sind abgerundet ausgestal tet. The transitions to the upper surface and the side surfaces are rounded tet ausgestal. In einer in einem Winkel nahe bei 90° zur Fahrbahn angeordneten Fläche dieser Ausnehmung 16 befinden sich drei Leuchtdioden 17 . In a closely arranged at an angle at 90 ° to the road surface of this recess 16 there are three light-emitting diodes 17th Diese befinden sich mithin wenige Millimeter oberhalb der Fahrbahnoberfläche und bei zweck mäßigem Einbau des Markierungsnagels kann ihr Licht von Kraftfahrern von sich nähernden Fahrzeugen gesehen werden. These are therefore a few millimeters above the road surface and purposeful excessive installation of the marking nail their light for drivers of approaching vehicles can be seen.

Die Solarzellen 18 sind mit nicht gezeigten Batterien verbunden, die sich in den Teilen 10 oder 11 befinden können. The solar cells 18 are connected to batteries, not shown, which may be located in the portions or 10. 11 Bei auffallendem Tageslicht werden die Batterien geladen. By reflected sunlight, the batteries are charged.

Tritt Dunkelheit in ausreichendem Maße ein, so spricht der Sensorschalter 19 an und stellt eine elektrische Verbindung zu den Batterien und den Leuchtdioden 17 direkt her oder über eine nicht gezeigte Blinklichtschaltung, die ebenfalls im Nagelkopf 10 oder in dem Nagelschaft 11 untergebracht ist. Occurs darkness sufficiently a, this is what the sensor switch at 19 and provides an electrical connection to the batteries and the light-emitting diodes 17 directly forth, or via a non-shown indicator circuit which is also housed in the nail head 10 or in the nail shank. 11 Die Folge ist, daß, solange Dunkelheit herrscht, die Leuchtdioden 17 Blinklichtsignale abgeben. The consequence is that as long as there is darkness, light emitting diodes emit 17 flashing light signals.

Claims (5)

1. Markierungsnagel für Fahrbahnen, aufweisend einen Nadelkopf und einen von diesem nach unten vorstehenden in die Fahrbahn einbringbaren Nagelschaft, dadurch gekenn zeichnet, daß mindestens in der nach oben weisenden Fläche des Nagelkopfes ( 10 ) Solarzellen ( 18 ) und minde stens ein auf Helligkeit und Dunkelheit ansprechender Sensorschalter ( 19 ) angeordnet sind, im Nagelkopf ( 10 ), oder vorzugsweise im Nagelschaft ( 11 ), Batterien, Puffer batterien, Akkumulatoren od.dgl. 1. marking nail for roadways, comprising a needle head and a deployable downward from above in the roadway nail shaft, characterized in that at least in the upwardly facing surface of the nail head (10) solar cells (18) and minde least a brightness and darkness responsive sensor switch (19) are arranged in the nail head (10), or preferably in the nail shaft (11), batteries, batteries buffers, accumulators, or the like. untergebracht sind, und daß mindestens an einer seitlichen Fläche ( 12 ) des Nagel kopfes ( 10 ) mindestens eine Leuchtdiode ( 17 ) angeordnet ist, wobei die Batterie über die Solarzellen ( 18 ) bei Tageslichteinfall geladen und die Leuchtdioden ( 17 ) bei Dunkelheit über den Sensorschalter ( 19 ) an die Batterie angeschlossen sind. are housed, and in that the head (10) at least one light emitting diode (17) is arranged at least on a lateral surface (12) of the nail, wherein the battery by the solar cells (18) loaded in daylight and the light emitting diodes (17) in the dark on the sensor switch (19) are connected to the battery.
2. Markierungsnagel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekenn zeichnet, daß die die Leuchtdioden ( 17 ) umgebenden Flächen ( 16 ) des Nagelkopfes ( 10 ) mit reflektierendem Material be schichtet oder belegt sind. 2. Labeling nail according to claim 1, characterized in that the light-emitting diodes (17) surrounding surfaces (16) of the nail head (10) coated with reflective material be or are occupied.
3. Markierungsnagel nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, daß die Solarzellen ( 18 ) mit einer mechanisch hochbelast baren Platte aus lichtdurchlässigem Material abgedeckt sind, wobei die Oberfläche der Platte mit der des Nagel kopfes ( 10 ) fluchtet. 3. marking nail according to one of claims 1 or 2, that the solar cells (18) are covered with a mechanically hochbelast cash plate of transparent material, wherein the surface of the plate is aligned with the head of the nail (10).
4. Markierungsnagel nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß eine elektrische Blinklicht schaltung im Nagelkopf ( 10 ) oder dem Nagelschaft ( 11 ) un tergebracht ist. 4. marking nail according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that an electrical indicator circuit in the nail head (10) or the nail shaft (11) is un accommodated.
5. Markierungsnagel nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekenn zeichnet, daß ein Temperaturfühler außen an dem Nagelkopf ( 10 ) oder dem Nagelschaft ( 11 ) oder im Abstand zu diesen Teilen angeordnet ist, der bei Glatteistemperaturen die Blinklichtschaltung mit höherer Frequenz betätigt. 5. Marking nail according to claim 4, characterized in that a temperature sensor is arranged on the outside of the nail head (10) or the nail shaft (11) or at a distance to these parts, the indicator circuit having a higher frequency is operated at ice temperatures.
DE4001980A 1989-02-03 1990-01-24 Marking stud for road surfaces - has head with surface directed upwards provided with solar cells and light-responsive sensor switch Withdrawn DE4001980A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE8901221U DE8901221U1 (en) 1989-02-03 1989-02-03
DE4001980A DE4001980A1 (en) 1989-02-03 1990-01-24 Marking stud for road surfaces - has head with surface directed upwards provided with solar cells and light-responsive sensor switch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE4001980A DE4001980A1 (en) 1989-02-03 1990-01-24 Marking stud for road surfaces - has head with surface directed upwards provided with solar cells and light-responsive sensor switch

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DE4001980A1 true DE4001980A1 (en) 1990-08-09

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Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4033382A1 (en) * 1990-10-20 1992-04-23 Diehl Gmbh & Co Wildlife safety warning system - in which warning sound signal is set of by headlamps of approaching vehicle
DE4115260A1 (en) * 1991-05-10 1992-11-12 Swarovski & Co Means for optically hedge strassenraendern
EP0516059A1 (en) * 1991-05-28 1992-12-02 D. Swarovski & Co. Traffic warning system
EP0578413A1 (en) * 1992-07-08 1994-01-12 Astucia Sociedade De Desenvolvimento De Patentes Lda Signalling means
DE4322509C1 (en) * 1993-07-06 1994-09-08 Ea Metallbau Gmbh Illumination device with signal effect
WO1997005422A1 (en) * 1995-07-26 1997-02-13 Carmanah Research Ltd. A light assembly
DE29710476U1 (en) * 1997-06-10 1997-10-02 Roennebeck Klaus Dipl Phys Means for marking of roads, squares, paths, entrances and exits, limitations, bridges and / or other hazardous areas
EP1336690A2 (en) * 2002-02-15 2003-08-20 Garufo GmbH Lighting device
WO2009137696A1 (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-11-12 Express Imaging Systems, Llc Low-profile pathway illumination system
WO2011028145A1 (en) 2009-09-07 2011-03-10 Rt-Rk Za Sisteme Zasnovane Na Računarima D.O.O. System for marking the road edge in low visibility conditions using wireless network of signaling devices
US8334640B2 (en) 2008-08-13 2012-12-18 Express Imaging Systems, Llc Turbulent flow cooling for electronic ballast
US8508137B2 (en) 2009-05-20 2013-08-13 Express Imaging Systems, Llc Apparatus and method of energy efficient illumination
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Cited By (56)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4033382A1 (en) * 1990-10-20 1992-04-23 Diehl Gmbh & Co Wildlife safety warning system - in which warning sound signal is set of by headlamps of approaching vehicle
DE4115260A1 (en) * 1991-05-10 1992-11-12 Swarovski & Co Means for optically hedge strassenraendern
EP0516059A1 (en) * 1991-05-28 1992-12-02 D. Swarovski & Co. Traffic warning system
DE4117492A1 (en) * 1991-05-28 1992-12-03 Swarovski & Co The traffic warning system
EP0578413A1 (en) * 1992-07-08 1994-01-12 Astucia Sociedade De Desenvolvimento De Patentes Lda Signalling means
DE4322509C1 (en) * 1993-07-06 1994-09-08 Ea Metallbau Gmbh Illumination device with signal effect
WO1997005422A1 (en) * 1995-07-26 1997-02-13 Carmanah Research Ltd. A light assembly
DE29710476U1 (en) * 1997-06-10 1997-10-02 Roennebeck Klaus Dipl Phys Means for marking of roads, squares, paths, entrances and exits, limitations, bridges and / or other hazardous areas
EP1336690A2 (en) * 2002-02-15 2003-08-20 Garufo GmbH Lighting device
EP1336690A3 (en) * 2002-02-15 2004-05-19 Garufo GmbH Lighting device
US8118456B2 (en) 2008-05-08 2012-02-21 Express Imaging Systems, Llc Low-profile pathway illumination system
WO2009137696A1 (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-11-12 Express Imaging Systems, Llc Low-profile pathway illumination system
US8926138B2 (en) 2008-05-13 2015-01-06 Express Imaging Systems, Llc Gas-discharge lamp replacement
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