DE3932980A1 - Plastic panels for emergency shelters - form walls, floors, roofs with edge grooves having recesses linked by separate barbed PVC connectors - Google Patents

Plastic panels for emergency shelters - form walls, floors, roofs with edge grooves having recesses linked by separate barbed PVC connectors

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Publication number
DE3932980A1
DE3932980A1 DE19893932980 DE3932980A DE3932980A1 DE 3932980 A1 DE3932980 A1 DE 3932980A1 DE 19893932980 DE19893932980 DE 19893932980 DE 3932980 A DE3932980 A DE 3932980A DE 3932980 A1 DE3932980 A1 DE 3932980A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
characterized
springs
preparation according
floors
roofs
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19893932980
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Werner Hoelscher
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hoelscher & Leuschner & Co 4448 Emsbueren De GmbH
Hoelscher & Leuschner GmbH
Original Assignee
Hoelscher & Leuschner & Co 4448 Emsbueren De GmbH
Hoelscher & Leuschner GmbH
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hoelscher & Leuschner & Co 4448 Emsbueren De GmbH, Hoelscher & Leuschner GmbH filed Critical Hoelscher & Leuschner & Co 4448 Emsbueren De GmbH
Priority to DE19893932980 priority Critical patent/DE3932980A1/en
Publication of DE3932980A1 publication Critical patent/DE3932980A1/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6145Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element
    • E04B1/615Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element the connection made by expansion
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/38Devices for sealing spaces or joints between roof-covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H1/00Buildings or groups of buildings for dwelling or office purposes; General layout, e.g. modular co-ordination, staggered storeys small buildings
    • E04H1/12Small buildings or other erections for limited occupation, erected in the open air or arranged in buildings, e.g. kiosks, waiting shelters for bus stops or for filling stations, roofs for railway platforms, watchmens' huts, dressing cubicles
    • E04H1/1205Small buildings erected in the open air

Abstract

A system for construction of walls, roofs and floors partic. for emergency accommodation involves prodn. of foamed plastic panels with a tongue and groove joint system. The panels (1, 2) are moulded with identical grooves (3) having recesses (9) for connection by separate barbed jointing pieces (5). The barbs (8) run the length of the panel edges and can be symmetrically or asymmetrically arranged. The barbed joining pieces (5) are moulded in PVC. USE/ADVANTAGE - The walls, floors and roofs can be rapidly connected together to form self-supporting emergency shelters and the system allows prodn. of narrow width panels.

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft die Herstellung von Wänden und/oder Decken und/oder Boden, insbesondere für Notunterkünfte. The invention relates to the preparation of walls and / or ceiling and / or floor, in particular for emergency shelters.

Notunterkünfte werden in Krisensituationen dringend gebracht. Emergency shelters urgently be brought in crisis situations. Dabei kommt es darauf an, daß die Unterkünfte schnell zur Verfügung gestellt und ohne großen technischen Aufwand montiert werden können. It is important that the accommodation can be made available quickly and installed without great technical effort. D. h. D. h. die Notunterkünfte müsse sich leicht transportieren lassen. The shelters must be easy to carry. Dabei muß zugleich berücksichtigt werden, daß in Krisensituationen nur einge schränkte Transportmöglichkeiten zur Verfügung stehen. It must be taken into account at the same time that only be restricted transport options are available in crisis situations. Auch die Wirtschaftlichkeit ist zu berücksichtigen. The economy must be considered. Hilfsmaßnahmen werden in Krisensituationen in erster Linie von gemeinnützigen Hilfsorganisa tionen. Relief efforts are in crisis situations functions primarily by non-profit aid organization of. Diese Hilfsorganisationen sind nicht in der Lage, im umfang reichen Maßstab, teure Notunterkünfte vorzuhalten. These organizations are not in a position, in the most full-scale reproach expensive emergency shelters.

Vor diesem Hintergrund ist nach einem älteren Vorschlag vorgeschlagen worden, Notunterkünfte aus Kunststoffschaumplatten herzustellen. Against this background, it has been suggested by an earlier proposal to make temporary shelters of plastic foam plates. Zwar gibt es Herstellungsbreiten bis zu 2 m. While there are production widths of up to 2 m. Verbreitet sind jedoch deut lich geringere Herstellungsbreiten. However, spreads are interpreting Lich lower production widths.

Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, Wände, Decken und ggf. Böden aus Kunststoffschaumplatten geringer Breite herzustellen. The invention has for its object to produce walls, ceilings and floors, if necessary, made of plastic foam sheets of small width. Nach der Erfindung wird das mit Hilfe einer an sich bekannten Nut-Feder-Verbin dung erreicht. According to the invention this is achieved dung using a per se known tongue and groove Verbin. Im Unterschied zu herkömmlichen Federn sind erfindungs gemäßen Federn jedoch mit Widerhaken versehen. Unlike conventional springs springs are contemporary fiction, but barbed. Die Widerhaken verlau fen in Längsrichtung der Federn. The barbs duri fen in the longitudinal direction of the springs. In den Nuten sind für die Widerhaken Ausnehmungen vorgesehen. In the grooves recesses are provided for the barbs.

Dieses System läßt sich nutzen, um die Federn quer zu Ihrer Längsrich tung in den Nuten zu drücken bzw. die Platten quer zur Längsrichtung auf die Nuten zu schieben. This system can be used to compress the springs transverse to the longitudinal direction by your in the grooves and push the plates transverse to the longitudinal direction of the grooves. Dadurch ergibt sich eine schnell und leicht handhabbare Verbindungstechnik, die zugleich fest ist, weil sich die Platten infolge der Widerhaken nicht quer zu ihrer Längsrichtung wieder voneinander bewegen lassen. This results in a fast and easy to handle connection technology, which is also fixed, because the plates can not move apart due to the barbs transversely to its longitudinal direction again. Ein besonders günstiges System ergibt sich, wenn die Platten an den Verbindungsstellen alle in gleicher Weise genutet sind. A particularly useful system is obtained if the plates are grooved at the connection points all in the same way. Dann können die Platten einfach gefertigt werden. Then, the panels can be easily manufactured. Die Federn werden separat beigestellt oder bereits an einen Plattenrand montiert, um zu vermeiden, daß die Federn verlorengehen. The springs will be supplied separately or already mounted on a plate edge in order to avoid that the springs lost.

Wahlweise sind die Widerhaken symetrisch oder asymetrisch angeordnet. Optionally, the barbs are arranged symmetrically or asymmetrically. Für 30 mm bis 100 mm Dicke Kunststoffschaumplatten sind die Nuttiefen vorzugsweise 10 bis 60 mm und die Nutbreiten vorzugsweise 5 bis 30 mm. For 30 mm to 100 mm thick plastic foam plates, the groove depths are preferably 10 to 60 mm and the groove width is preferably 5 to 30 mm. Aus den Nutabmessungen ergeben sich die Abmessungen der Federn. the dimensions of the springs result from the groove dimensions. Dabei ist es für die Positionierung der Federn von Vorteil, wenn die Federn im Nuttiefsten anstoßen. It is for the positioning of the springs advantageous if the springs abut the Nuttiefsten. Während des Einschiebens der Federn erfahren die Widerhaken eine Verformung, da die Widerhaken im unbelasteten Zustand über die Nutbreite hinausragen. During the insertion of the springs barbs undergo deformation because the barbs protrude unloaded on the groove width. Vorteilhaft ist, wenn sich die Widerhaken unmittelbar beim Anstoßen der Feder im Nuttiefsten in die für die Widerhaken vorgesehenen Ausnehmungen der Nut ausspreizen können. It is advantageous if the barbs can spreading out into the designated for barbed recesses of the groove at the abutment of the spring in the Nuttiefsten immediately. Dies hängt von der Genauigkeit der Fertigung ab. This depends on the accuracy of manufacturing. Vorzugsweise sind deshalb Toleranzen vorgesehen, die höchstens 0,2 mm betragen. Therefore, tolerances are preferably provided which are at most 0.2 mm. In Abhängigkeit von den Fertigungstoleranzen liegen die durch die Feder zu verbindenden Plattenränder mehr oder weniger dicht aneinander. Depending on the manufacturing tolerances to be connected by the spring plate edges are more or less close to each other. Bei genauer Fertigung können die Plattenränder annähernd schließend aneinander gebracht werden. With precise manufacturing the plate edges can be brought close to closing together.

Für das Aufspreizen der Widerhaken ist eine relativ große Hakenlänge von Vorteil. For the spreading of the barbs is a relatively large hook length advantage. Nach der Erfindung wird das dadurch erreicht, daß die Feder in Ihrer Dicke im Bereich der Widerhaken reduziert ist. According to the invention this is achieved in that the spring is reduced in thickness in the area of ​​the barbs. Dort wird die Feder lediglich auf Zug beansprucht, so daß eine relativ geringe Dicke ausreicht. There, the spring is only subjected to train so that a relatively small thickness is sufficient.

Dagegen ist die Feder im Bereich der Berührungsflächen der zu verbin denden Kunststoffschaumplattenenden auch anderen Belastungen, insbe sondere einer Scherbelastung ausgesetzt. In contrast, the spring in the region of the contact surfaces to be verbin Denden foamed plastic slab ends to other loads, in particular sondere exposed to a shear stress. Deshalb und aus Gründen der bündigen Lage der Kunststoffplattenränder füllen die Federn die Nut in diesem Bereich (außerhalb der Widerhaken) vollständig aus. Therefore, and for reasons of location flush with the plastic plate edges of the springs fill the groove in this area (outside of the barbs) completely.

Überraschenderweise zeigt sich, daß Kunststoffschaumplatten aus Polystyrol oder einem ähnlichen Kunststoff mit geschlossenen Zellen durch die erfindungsgemäße Nut-Feder-Verbindung zu selbsttragenden Wänden und Decken für Notunterkünfte zusammengesteckt werden können. Surprisingly, it is found that foamed plastic slabs of polystyrene or a similar plastic with closed cells by the inventive tongue and groove can be fitted together to form self-supporting walls and ceilings for emergency shelters. Das gilt für übliche Längen und Breiten von Notunterkünften. This applies to standard lengths and widths of emergency shelters. Darüber hinaus hat das erfindungsgemäße System den Vorteil, beliebig ver längerbar zu sein. In addition, the present system has the advantage of being arbitrarily ver längerbar. D. h. D. h. es können endlos lange Wände und Decken aus den Kunststoffplatten zusammengesetzt werden. it can be composed of plastic sheets endless walls and ceilings. In diesen Fällen ist nach Erreichen bestimmter Längen eine Versteifung vorgesehen, die vorzugsweise durch Kunststoffschaumzwischenwände gebildet wird. In these cases, after reaching certain length a stiffening is provided, which is preferably formed by plastic foam partitions.

Überraschenderweise zeigt sich auch, daß mit erfindungsgemäß verbun denen Kunststoffplatten geschlossene Dachplatten entstehen, die keiner zusätzlichen Abdichtung bedürfen. Surprisingly, it is also evident that verbun which plastic plates closed roof panels are formed with the present invention, which do not require additional sealing. Selbst wenn Oberflächenwasser in die Berührungsspalt zweier Kunststoffplatten eindringt, so wird das Wasser von der Feder jedoch aufgefangen und abgeleitet. Even if surface water from entering the contact gap between two plastic sheets, so the water is, however, absorbed by the spring and discharged. Bei asymetrischen Federn (mit einseitig angeordneten Widerhaken) ist dabei darauf zu achten, daß die Widerhaken nach oben ragen. In asymmetrical springs (arranged on one side with barbs) is important to ensure that the barbs project upwardly. So ist das Ableiten eindringenden Wassers gewährleistet. So draining penetrating water is ensured.

Vorteilhafterweise ist die Anwendung des erfindungsgemäßen Systems auch dort möglich, wo Knotenpunkte entstehen, also verschiedene Fugen zusammenlaufen. Advantageously, the application of the system according to the invention is also possible where nodes are created, that converge various joints. Das ist an den Stoßstellen zwischen Dach und Wänden der Fall. This is the case at the joints between the roof and walls. Dort sind die Kunststoffschaumplatten des Daches so zusam mengesetzt, daß die Fugen zwischen den Platten bei geneigtem Dach in Richtung der Dachneigung verlaufen. There, the foamed plastic slabs of the roof are together quantity is that the joints between the plates at an inclined roof in the direction of the roof slope run. Damit ist das Abfließen des Wassers gesichert. So that the flow of water is secured.

Im Stoßbereich mit den Wänden liegt die die Verbindung zwischen Dach und Wand bewirkende, in Längsrichtung der Wände verlaufende Feder unterhalb und unmittelbar an den geneigt verlaufenden Federn in den das Dach bildenden Kunststoffschaumplatten. In the joint area with the walls of the connection is below effecting, extending in the longitudinal direction of the walls and the spring directly to the sloping springs in which the roof-forming foamed plastic slabs. Between the roof and wall

Vorzugsweise sind alle Nuten durchgehend in den Kunststoffschaum platten angebracht. Preferably all of the grooves are continuous plates in the plastic foam attached. Dadurch ist es möglich, die Schaumstoffplatten durch Verschieben in Längsrichtung zueinander wieder zu demontieren. This makes it possible to dismantle the foam sheets by moving in the longitudinal direction to each other again.

In der Zeichnung sind verschiedene Ausführungsbeispiele der Erfindung dargestellt. In the drawings, various embodiments of the invention are shown.

Fig. 1 zeigt die korrespondierenden Ränder zweier 40 mm dicken Polystyrol-Schaumplatten. Fig. 1 shows the corresponding edges of two 40 mm thick polystyrene foam plates. Die Polystyrol-Schaumplatten haben im Ausführungsbeispiel ein Raumgewicht von 40 kg/m 3 . The polystyrene foam boards have a density of 40 kg / m 3 in the embodiment.

Die Polystyrol-Schaumplatten 1 und 2 sind an den korrespondierenden Rändern genutet. The polystyrene-foam plates 1 and 2 are grooved on the corresponding edges. Die Nuten sind gleichmäßig ausgebildet und tragen die Bezeichnungen 3 . The grooves are uniformly formed and are labeled. 3 1m Ausführungsbeispiel haben die Nuten eine Dicke von 10 mm und eine Tiefe von 40 mm. 1m embodiment, the grooves have a thickness of 10 mm and a depth of 40 mm. Die Nuten 3 sind seitlich in regel mäßigen Abständen mit Ausnehmungen 9 versehen. The grooves 3 are provided laterally at regular intervals with recesses. 9 Die Ausnehmungen 9 haben eine Schlitzform. The recesses 9 have a slot shape.

Die Nuten 3 wirken mit einer Feder 5 zusammen, die über eine Länge von jeweils 10 bis 15 mm die Nut 3 einer jeden Kunststoffschaumplatte ausfüllt und sich danach auf eine Dicke von 5 mm verjüngt. The grooves 3 act together with a spring 5, which fills 3 of each foamed plastic slab over a length of 10 to 15 mm, the groove and then tapers to a thickness of 5 mm. Der ver jüngte Teil ist mit 6 bezeichnet. The ver tapered in part is designated by 6. An dem verjüngten Teil sind Wider haken 8 angebracht. At the tapered part cons are hook 8 are attached. Die Widerhaken 8 sind paarweise angeordnet. The barbs 8 are arranged in pairs. Für jede Nut 3 sind zwei Paar Widerhaken 8 vorgesehen. Two pairs of barbs 8 are provided for each groove. 3 Die Anordnung der schlitzförmigen bzw. rillenförmigen Ausnehmungen in den Nuten 3 ist so gewählt, daß sich die Widerhaken 8 in der dargestellten Situation in die Ausnehmungen 9 haben aufspreizen können. The arrangement of the slot-like or groove-shaped recesses in the grooves 3 is chosen so that the barbs 8 are in the situation shown in the recesses 9 may spread apart. Diese Stellung ist auch wesentlich dadurch bestimmt, daß die Federn 5 an jedem Ende mit Spitzen 7 versehen sind, die eine saubere Positionierung der Wider haken beim Eindrücken in die Nuten 3 gewährleisten. This position is also largely determined by the fact that the springs 5 are provided at each end with tips 7, the hook proper positioning of the abutment when pressed into the grooves 3 ensured. Die Nuten 3 sind mit Hilfe von Fingerfräsern gefräst worden. The grooves 3 have been milled by means of end mills. Wahlweise kann der Fräs vorgang auch mehrstufig ablaufen, wobei zunächst eine Mut 3 ohne die Ausnehmungen 9 gefräst wird und anschließend mit einer Formfräse die Ausnehmungen 9 eingebracht werden. Optionally, the milling process can also proceed in stages, wherein first of all a courage is milled 3 without the recesses 9 and then the recesses are introduced 9 with a shape cutter.

Nach Fig. 2 ist anstelle der Feder 5 eine Feder 20 vorgesehen, die sich von der Feder 5 durch eine asymetrische Ausbildung unterscheidet. According to FIG. 2, a spring 20 is provided instead of the spring 5, which differs from the spring 5 by an asymmetrical form. Die Feder 20 besitzt nur einseitig Widerhaken, die dort mit 22 be zeichnet sind. The spring 20 has only one side barbs which is characterized there with 22 be shown. Dementsprechend ist die Verjüngung 21 einseitig ange ordnet, so daß die Feder 20 mit ihrem Mittelteil und den Verjün gungen 21 eine T-Form besitzt. Accordingly, the taper 21 is arranged on one side being such that the spring 20 conditions with its central part and the Verjün 21 is a T-shape.

Die Montage der erfindungsgemäßen Federn ist in Fig. 3 und 4 mit einer Feder 30 dargestellt, die lediglich ein Paar Widerhaken 31 bzw. 32 für jede Schaumstoffplatte 1 bzw. 2 besitzt. The mounting of the springs according to the invention is shown in Fig. 3 and 4 with a spring 30, which has only a pair of barbs 31 or 32 for each foam plate 1 and 2 respectively.

Nach Fig. 1 wird die Feder zunächst seitlich in die Mut einer Kunst stoffplatte gedrückt. According to Fig. 1, the spring is first pushed laterally into the guts of a plastic plate. Dabei stößt die Feder 30 mit ihrer Spitze im Nuttiefsten an. The spring 30 abuts with its tip in Nuttiefsten. Damit ist gewährleistet, daß die Widerhaken in eine genaue Position zu den Ausnehmungen in den Nuten kommen. This ensures that the barbs in an accurate position relative to the recesses in the grooves.

Nach Eindrücken der Feder 30 in den Rand der Kunststoffplatte 1 wird die zweite Kunststoffplatte 2 mit ihrem Rand seitlich auf die Feder 30 und gegen die Kunststoffplatte 1 gedrückt. After pressing the spring 30 in the edge of the plastic sheet 1, the second plastic sheet 2 is pressed with its edge on the side of the spring 30 and against the plastic plate. 1 Dabei spreizen sich die Widerhaken in die dafür bestimmten Ausnehmungen der Nut, so daß die Platten quer zu ihrer Längsrichtung durch die Feder 30 unverrückbar gehalten sind. Here, the barbs spread in the designated recesses in the groove so that the plates are held immovably transversely to their longitudinal direction by the spring 30th Im Ausführungsbeispiel nach Fig. 3 und 4 ist die Fertigungsgenauigkeit so bemessen, daß die Platten 1 und 2 nach Ausspreizen der Widerhaken in der Nut der Platte 2 lediglich einen Abstand von 0,05 mm besitzen. In the embodiment of Fig. 3 and 4, the manufacturing accuracy is such that the plates 1 and 2 only having a distance of 0.05 mm by splaying of the barbs in the groove of the plate 2.

Fig. 5 und 6 zeigen eine Notunterkunft, die aus Polystyrol-Schaum platten 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 und 45 zusammengesetzt ist. Fig. 5 and 6 show a shelter, the slabs of polystyrene foam 41, 42, 43, 44 and 45 assembled. Zwischen allen aneinanderstoßenden Polystyrol-Schaumplatten ist eine Nut-Feder- Verbindung nach Fig. 1 vorgesehen. Between all abutting polystyrene foam plates have a tongue and groove connection is shown in FIG. 1 is provided.

Dabei sind die Nuten so angelegt, daß im Stoßbereich 49 des Daches mit den Wänden die schematisch dargestellten Federn 50 und 51 einander berühren bzw. die Federn 50 aus der Verbindung Dach-Polystyrol-Schaum platten 41 über der Feder 51 liegen. In this case, the grooves are designed so that 50 and 51 touch with the walls of the springs shown schematically one another in the joint region 49 of the roof or the springs 50 from the compound 41 are roof-polystyrene foam slabs over the spring 51st Die Feder 51 ist in die oberen Stirnflächen der Polystyrol-Schaumplatten 42 und in die unteren Flächen der Polystyrol-Schaumplatten 41 eingelassen. The spring 51 is inserted in the upper end faces of the polystyrene foam plates 42 and in the lower surfaces of the polystyrene foam boards 41st

Die Notunterkunft nach Fig. 5 besitzt im Firstbereich eine Metall schiene 46 . The shelter of Fig. 5 has in the first region, a metal bar 46. Darüber hinaus sind am Fuß der Stirn- und Seitenwände Metallschienen 47 und 48 vorgesehen. In addition, metal rails 47 and 48 are provided at the foot of the front and side walls.

Anstelle des gewählten Plattenmaterials kann auch ein anderes Platten material in Frage kommen. a different plates may material be considered instead of the selected panel material. Für Notunterkünfte liegt die Dicke des Plattenmaterials zweckmäßigerweise zwischen 30 und 100 mm. For emergency shelters, the thickness of the plate material is expediently between 30 and 100 mm. Besonders günstige Verhältnisse ergeben sich bei 40 mm Plattendicke. Particularly favorable conditions are at 40 mm plate thickness.

Für das genannte Plattenmaterial mit Dicken von 30 bis 100 mm können die Nuten in ihren Abmessungen erheblich differieren. For said plate material with a thickness of 30 to 100 mm, the grooves may differ considerably in their dimensions. Die Nuttiefen können 10 bis 60 mm betragen, die Nutbreiten 5 bis 30 mm. The groove depths may be 10 to 60 mm, the groove widths of 5 to 30 mm. Die erfin dungsgemäß verwendeten Federn bestehen im Ausführungsbeispiel aus PVC. The springs OF INVENTION dung used according to consist in the embodiment of PVC. Das Material ist mittelhart eingestellt. The material is medium hard set. Die Härte liegt bei 85 bis 90 Shore. The hardness is 85 to 90 Shore.

Claims (12)

1. Herstellung von Wänden und/oder Decken und/oder Böden, insbeson dere für Notunterkünfte, gekennzeichnet durch die Verwendung von Kunststoffschaumplatten und eine Nut-Feder-Verbindung zwischen den Platten ( 1 , 2 ), wobei die Federn ( 5 , 20 ) mit in Längsrichtung verlaufenden Widerhaken und die zugehörigen Nuten ( 3 ) mit Ausneh mungen für die Widerhaken ( 8 ) versehen sind. 1. Preparation of walls and / or ceilings and / or floors, in particular for emergency shelters, characterized by the use of foamed plastic slabs, and a tongue and groove between the plates (1, 2), wherein the springs (5, 20) with extending in the longitudinal direction of barbs and the associated grooves (3) with Ausneh rules for the barbs (8) are provided.
2. Herstellung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß beide korrespondierenden Plattenränder mit gleichen Nuten versehen werden und separate Federn ( 5 , 20 ) vorgesehen sind. 2. Preparation according to claim 1, characterized in that both plate corresponding edges are provided with the same grooves and separate springs (5, 20) are provided.
3. Herstellung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Federn ( 5 , 20 ) mindestens einen Widerhaken für jede Nut ( 3 ) aufweisen. 3. Preparation according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the springs (5, 20) at least one barb for each groove (3).
4. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, gekennzeichnet durch eine symetrische oder asymetrische Anordnung der Widerhaken ( 8 , 22 ). 4. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 3, characterized by a symmetrical or asymmetrical arrangement of the barb (8, 22).
5. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Nuten für Materialdicken von 30 bis 100 mm eine Tiefe von 10 bis 60 mm und eine Breite von 5 bis 30 mm aufweisen. 5. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the grooves have for material thicknesses of 30 to 100 mm, a depth of 10 to 60 mm and a width of 5 to 30 mm.
6. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Federn ( 5 , 20 ) im Nuttiefsten anstoßen. 6. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the springs (5, 20) in Nuttiefsten abut.
7. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Fertigungstoleranz höchstens 0,2 mm beträgt. 7. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the manufacturing tolerance is at most 0.2 mm.
8. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Federn ( 5 , 20 ) im Bereich der Widerhaken ( 8 , 22 ) verjüngt sind. 8. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the springs (5, 20) in the region of the barb (8, 22) are tapered.
9. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Kunststoffschaumplatten mit den Federn selbsttragende Wände und/oder Decken bilden. 9. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the foamed plastic slabs with the springs, self-supporting walls and / or ceiling form.
10. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Nuten ( 3 ) in den Kunststoffschaum platten durchgehend sind. 10. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the grooves (3) of plates in the plastic foam are continuous.
11. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Federn ( 50 , 51 ) im Stoßbereich von Decke und Wand übereinander liegen. 11. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the springs (50, 51) in the joint area of the ceiling and walls are superimposed.
12. Herstellung nach einem oder mehreren der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, gekennzeichnet durch PVC-Federn. 12. Preparation according to one or more of claims 1 to 11, characterized by PVC springs.
DE19893932980 1989-10-03 1989-10-03 Plastic panels for emergency shelters - form walls, floors, roofs with edge grooves having recesses linked by separate barbed PVC connectors Withdrawn DE3932980A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19893932980 DE3932980A1 (en) 1989-10-03 1989-10-03 Plastic panels for emergency shelters - form walls, floors, roofs with edge grooves having recesses linked by separate barbed PVC connectors

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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DE19893932980 DE3932980A1 (en) 1989-10-03 1989-10-03 Plastic panels for emergency shelters - form walls, floors, roofs with edge grooves having recesses linked by separate barbed PVC connectors

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DE3932980A1 true DE3932980A1 (en) 1991-11-28

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