DE102006024184A1 - Connection for panel boards forms a groove/spring connection along edges to be connected so as to fix in a vertical direction - Google Patents

Connection for panel boards forms a groove/spring connection along edges to be connected so as to fix in a vertical direction Download PDF

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Publication number
DE102006024184A1
DE102006024184A1 DE200610024184 DE102006024184A DE102006024184A1 DE 102006024184 A1 DE102006024184 A1 DE 102006024184A1 DE 200610024184 DE200610024184 DE 200610024184 DE 102006024184 A DE102006024184 A DE 102006024184A DE 102006024184 A1 DE102006024184 A1 DE 102006024184A1
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DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
locking
connection
panel
blocks
groove
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE200610024184
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German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hipper August Dipl-Ing (fh)
Original Assignee
Hipper August Dipl-Ing (fh)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hipper August Dipl-Ing (fh) filed Critical Hipper August Dipl-Ing (fh)
Priority to DE200610024184 priority Critical patent/DE102006024184A1/en
Publication of DE102006024184A1 publication Critical patent/DE102006024184A1/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0123Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels parallel to the abutting edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/021Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with separate protrusions
    • E04F2201/022Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with separate protrusions with tongue or grooves alternating longitudinally along the edge

Abstract

Locking elements have locking blocks that fit on the first panel board (1) with a clearance between each other and are downstream to a spring. The locking blocks can be made to engage as a lock with corresponding locking bodies on another panel board (2) by sliding along the edges to be connected. An independent claim is also included for a method for connecting two rectangular panel boards.

Description

  • The The invention relates to a connection for panel panels according to the preamble of claim 1
  • Such compounds allow the glueless laying of floor elements. In the EP 0 698 162 B1 a connection is shown, in which along the mutually to be joined end faces of the panels a tongue and groove connection is designed with integrated locking elements. To facilitate the laying of the panels, the connection is made with a game, so that a simple movement of the panels along the longitudinal edges is possible.
  • The WO 97/47834 A1 discloses a compound in which the floor panels can be connected by planar displacement or angle. at this construction, the lower groove cheek is extended beyond the parting plane and with a locking projection provided in a locking recess dips.
  • In the DE 199 62 830 C2 an improved connection is disclosed in which in addition to a conventional tongue and groove connection a separate locking pin is provided, which cooperates for locking with a locking recess.
  • The fixation takes place in these known compounds in the vertical direction to the plane of use by the tongue and groove connection. Parallel to the plane of use, the fixation in the previous compounds is usually carried out by an interlocking of locking pins and locking recesses continuously at the edges to be joined. One of these locking elements, the latch recess, is always mounted in the groove cheek behind the panel edge or in the extension of the groove cheek. The locking pin is integrated in the underside of the spring. In order to allow a planar joining of two panel elements, the lower groove cheek must deflect and the adjoining locking surfaces must be inclined relative to the plane of use. After assembly holds the rückfedernde groove cheek under tension the connection and thus the butt joints in the use plane closed. This resilient groove cheek is comparable to a one-sided clamped carrier. The one-sided clamped carrier in this case has the following disadvantages:
    • 1. As a result of the plate structure prevails in the surfaces of a voltage that holds the balance by the symmetrical structure. By an incision perpendicular to the edge plane as in a groove, and especially with an elongated groove cheek, this has a tendency to deform outwards, ie, perpendicular to the panel plane, since the force symmetry is disturbed. As a result, the clamping force on the locking surfaces decreases within a short time.
    • 2. It is known that the material HDF or MDF regardless of point 1 has time-dependent material fatigue under such loads.
    • 3. As a result of points 1. and 2. decreases, with tensile loads parallel to the use level that are unavoidable in the seasonal climate change, the pull-out strength of the compound. The inclined locking surfaces deflect the groove cheek with the greatly reduced clamping force on the locking surfaces more or less unhindered during the tensile load. The result is open joints in the floor space.
  • the across from the object of the invention is to provide a connection which ensures a reliable locking with a simple structure. Furthermore, a method is to be created which is a simplified one Laying the panel panels allows.
  • These Tasks are regarding the connection through the feature combination of the patent claim 1 and with regard to the method by the Feature combination of claim 13 solved.
  • According to the invention Panel panels in conventional Way executed with tongue and groove connections, the lock on a Variety of the spring downstream, d. h., opposite the spring offset inside, locking blocks, which is done by moving along the to be connected edges in locking engagement with corresponding locking bodies can be brought on the other Plattenpaneel. The inventive concept turns completely starting from conventional Solutions, where the lock always by planar successive sliding the two Plattenpaneele took place. According to the invention, this takes place Lock by moving along the edge to be joined the two plate panels such that the valve blocks and formed on the other plate panel locking body each other engage behind and thus lock in the horizontal direction. The tongue and groove connection is preferably in a conventional manner formed without play, wherein the displacement by means of a punching block he follows.
  • at a preferred solution the invention, the locking body are offset by about a pitch to the lock blocks at the respective longitudinal edges the floor panels arranged so that the lock by moving the panels by a maximum of one division or by the necessary locking depth the transverse edges takes place.
  • Of the Distance between two adjacent lock blocks is a bit bigger than the length of a associated locking body on the other panel, allowing for laying the locking body in the gap between two locking blocks used and the locking can then be carried out by longitudinal displacement.
  • It becomes according to the invention Preferably, when the width of the locking blocks and body is chosen so that they only along their locking surfaces lie against each other and back to the adjacent end face the other plate panel are spaced apart.
  • The Production of the panel panels is particularly simple if the locking blocks and body formed rectangular are, in which case preferably the locking surfaces perpendicular to Locking direction to run.
  • According to the invention Connection at the two other edges, preferably at the shorter end faces so designed that these by horizontal displacement with each other can be brought into engagement, so that then the lock along the longitudinal edge and can be done in one operation.
  • The Length of the Locking block is preferably ≤ the allowable wall distance to Plattenpaneelquerkante executed so that this wall distance can be taken into account during installation. there For example, it is particularly preferred if the interlock block length ≥ half Wall distance is.
  • The Locking blocks and bodies used in the invention are preferably elongated lower groove cheek or on a bottom side inside extending extension a lower spring surface educated.
  • at an embodiment The invention relates to the surfaces the locking blocks and body in locked state approximately in contact with adjacent horizontal surfaces of the each other panel panel.
  • The inventive method allows a very effective Laying the panel panels, as these initially along their longitudinal edges on the Tongue / spring connection are interconnected, the locking body exactly between the locking blocks are arranged. After inserting the spring into the groove, the two panel panels then moved along the longitudinal edges, so that the locking blocks and locking body to reach each other. By this longitudinal displacement is the shifted Plattenpaneel then also frontally with an adjacent third Plattenpaneel connected.
  • at the conventional one solutions the locking is done frontally and longitudinally by two separate Operations.
  • other advantageous developments of the invention are the subject of further Dependent claims.
  • The invention is characterized by the following advantages:
    • 1. The compound has a continuous groove and tongue with flat mating surfaces in a tried and tested form for vertical fixation.
    • 2. The connection in the horizontal direction is not continuous at the edges, but by degrees.
    • 3. The connecting elements for the locking parallel to the plane of use by means of locking blocks, which are pushed against each other during the displacement of the edges to be connected.
    • 4. The tensile forces acting on the connection are absorbed by block-shaped blocks.
    • 5. The locking surfaces are perpendicular to the plane of use together, thus the highest possible pull-out resistance and no adverse deflection of fasteners due to inclined contact surfaces.
    • 6. During the locking process there is no deflection of groove cheeks or other locking elements.
    • 7. The compound does not require any special elasticity properties of the material. It can be made from all types of wood and wood materials, such as plastics and metal.
    • 8. The joint density is not guaranteed by a bias of the locking elements, but by the exact fit of the same.
    • 9. The locking of the longitudinal edges is effected by a longitudinal displacement against each other, which also does the locking of the transverse edges.
    • 10. Both locks, longitudinal and transverse, are made by planar shifting.
    • 11. The lock is also released by longitudinal displacement against each other.
  • One preferred embodiment The invention is described below with reference to schematic drawings explained in more detail. It demonstrate:
  • 1 a plan view of a Plattenpaneel;
  • 2 a three-dimensional representation of the connection area between two plate panels according to 1 and the plate panels in the verbun those condition;
  • 3 a relative position of two plate panels to be joined together in an initial position;
  • 4 a schematic diagram for releasing a lock according to two plate panels 3 and
  • 5 the two Plattenpaneele off 3 in the locked state;
  • 6 the front and longitudinal locking of a panel according to the invention panel.
  • 1 shows a plan view of a floor element, hereinafter Plattenpaneel 1 called, which may be, for example, a parquet or a laminate floor or the like. The panel panel 1 is approximately rectangular in plan view and has two longitudinal surfaces, hereinafter longitudinal edges 2 . 4 called and two front edges (faces) 6 . 8th , which are each designed with fasteners for horizontal and vertical locking. At the shorter front edges 6 . 8th is a compound running, as in the utility model DE 10 2005 03 45 78.6 is described. Further explanation of this compound is redundant with reference to the disclosure of this utility model. It is essential that this connection can be locked by horizontal mutually displacing two plate panels.
  • At the two longitudinal edges 2 . 4 is a compound of the invention carried out, based on 2 is explained in more detail. 2 shows a three-dimensional partial representation of the longitudinal edge regions of two plate panels 1 which are to be connected to each other, of which in 2 left portion arranged part of the longitudinal edge 4 and of that in 2 right arranged panel 1 the longitudinal edge area 2 (please refer 1 ) is shown. One takes this representation that the connection with a conventional spring 10 at the longitudinal edges 2 and a groove 12 at the longitudinal edges 4 is executed, wherein the spring 10 in the groove 12 can be used to a vertical fixation of the two Plattenpaneele 1 to ensure. As shown in 2 is the lower groove cheek to a locking cheek 14 over a dividing plane 16 extended beyond. By a longitudinal cutout 18 and a plurality of vertically extending recesses 20 be a variety of locking bodies 22 formed, which is opposite the bottom of the cutout 18 upwards (view after 2 ) and have a rectangular cross-section. Through the cutout 18 become the groove 12 indicative locking surfaces 24 formed, which with corresponding, described in more detail below locking surfaces 25 of the adjacent Plattenpaneels reach into locking engagement. How to continue the compilation 2 can be taken, is the width X of the locking block 30 slightly smaller than the width x of the cutout 18 executed. Accordingly, the width Y of the locking body 22 selected so that the rearward faces 36 run at a distance to the adjacent end face of the other panel panel.
  • In particular 2 is removable, the width X of the recess 20 chosen so that they are slightly into the cutout 18 extends and thus a greater width than the associated width Y of the locking body 22 Has. The recess 20 but can also be chosen so that it does not exceed the height h.
  • The adjacent panel 1 has one in extension of a bottom 26 the feather 10 extending spring surface 28 , out of which a variety of rectangular locking blocks 30 down, ie, projecting towards the support surface. The height h of the locking blocks 30 and the locking body 22 is equal. The length b of each locking block 30 corresponds approximately to the distance between two adjacent locking bodies 22 , Accordingly, the length B corresponds to a locking body 22 about the distance between two adjacent locking blocks 30 ,
  • Consequently, the plate panel shown in the figure on the right 1 be pushed in the horizontal direction (planar) on the other Plattenpaneel, so that the spring 10 in the groove 12 dips and the locking blocks 30 through the recesses 20 through into the cutout 18 plunge. The width X of each locking block is 30 slightly smaller than the width x of the cutout 18 , In the fully inserted state are the two plate panels 1 along its longer face sections 32 . 34 according to the compilation drawing in 2 on top of each other, the spring 10 dives into the groove 12 one and the locking body 22 engage behind the locking blocks 30 , wherein the downwardly facing large area of each locking block 30 on the bottom of the cutout 18 rests or spaced at a small distance therefrom, while the upwardly facing large surface of the locking body 22 on the spring surface 28 is present or at a small distance to this runs.
  • In a subsequent operation, the two panels 1 relative to each other along the longitudinal surfaces 2 . 4 moved so that the locking blocks 30 and the locking bodies 22 sections overlap each other and thus ensures a highly accurate horizontal locking which withstands pull-out forces much higher than those of conventional links.
  • Based on 3 . 5 and 6 is the laying of the panel panels 1 explained. As stated above, first the locking bodies 30 of a panel panel 1 aligned so that they face the recesses 20 of the other panel panel 1 to come to rest, so that corresponding to the locking body 22 with respect to the distances between the locking blocks 30 are aligned ( 3 ).
  • In a non-illustrated operation is then, for example, the underlying Plattenpaneel 1 ( 3 ) in the horizontal direction to the other panel panel 1 shifted so that the tongue and groove connection is engaged and the blocks 30 in the recesses 20 between two adjacent locking bodies 22 plunge. Subsequently, by means of a hammer 38 and an impact block, not shown, the bottom floor panel 1 according to 6 shifted to the right, this relative displacement is preferably carried out by about half a pitch T, so that the locking blocks and body 30 . 22 overlap each other by about half their length, so that the horizontal lock according to 5 by play-free abutment of the locking surfaces 24 . 25 he follows.
  • As shown in 6 becomes when moving along the longitudinal surfaces 2 . 4 also brought the frontal locking into engagement, so that the laying is extremely easy.
  • In 4 is shown as with the help of a hammer 38 the longitudinal connection by relative displacement of the panels can be solved again.
  • 1
    Plattenpaneel
    2
    long side
    4
    long side
    6
    front
    8th
    front
    10
    feather
    12
    groove
    14
    locking cheek
    16
    parting plane
    18
    countersink
    20
    recess
    22
    locking body
    24
    locking surface
    26
    bottom feather
    28
    tongue surface
    30
    locking block
    32
    Face portion
    34
    Face portion
    38
    hammer

Claims (13)

  1. Connection for panel panels ( 1 . 2 ), along which to two edges to be joined a tongue and groove connection ( 10 . 12 ) is arranged for fixing in the vertical direction, the locking elements are assigned for locking in the horizontal direction, characterized in that the locking elements a plurality of on one of the plate panels ( 1 ), spaced from each other, of the spring ( 10 ) downstream locking blocks ( 30 ), which by sliding along the edges to be connected in locking engagement with corresponding locking bodies ( 22 ) on the other panel ( 1 ) are brought.
  2. A connection according to claim 1, wherein the locking bodies ( 22 ) by one pitch offset to the interlock blocks ( 30 ) are arranged.
  3. A compound according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the distance between two interlock blocks ( 30 ) slightly larger than the length (B) of a locking body ( 22 ).
  4. Connection according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the width (Y) of the locking bodies ( 22 ) smaller than the distance of the locking blocks ( 30 ) from the adjacent groove cheek end face of a panel panel ( 1 ) and correspondingly the width (X) of the locking blocks ( 30 ) smaller than the distance of the locking body ( 22 ) from an adjacent end face portion of the other panel panel (FIG. 1 ).
  5. A compound according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the locking blocks ( 30 ) and the locking bodies ( 22 ) and preferably also the intermediate recesses ( 20 ) are formed approximately cuboid or rectangular.
  6. Connection according to one of the preceding claims, wherein adjoining locking surfaces ( 24 . 25 ) of the locking blocks ( 30 ) or the locking body ( 22 ) extend substantially perpendicular to the locking direction.
  7. A connection according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the locking of the other two edges in one operation with the longitudinal displacement for engaging the lock blocks ( 30 ) and locking body ( 22 ) he follows.
  8. A compound according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the locking block length ≤ the permissible wall distance to a Paneelquerkante is.
  9. A compound according to claim 9, wherein the lock block length ≥ half Wall distance of the Paneelquerkante is.
  10. Connection according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the locking bodies ( 22 ) on an extended lower groove cheek ( 14 ) and the locking blocks ( 30 ) on a bottom side inwardly extending extension of a lower spring surface ( 28 ) are formed.
  11. Connection according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the height of the locking blocks ( 30 ) and the locking body ( 22 ) lower than that of the spring ( 10 ).
  12. Connection according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the large surfaces of the locking blocks ( 30 ) and / or locking body ( 22 ) in the locked state approximately in contact with adjacent horizontal surfaces of the respective other panel panel ( 1 ) are.
  13. Method for connecting two rectangular panel panels ( 1 ), on their longitudinal and front sides tongue and groove joints ( 10 . 12 ) and locking elements are formed, characterized in that the locking along the longitudinal sides ( 2 . 4 ) and the end faces ( 6 . 8th ) by moving along the longitudinal sides ( 2 . 4 ) he follows.
DE200610024184 2006-05-23 2006-05-23 Connection for panel boards forms a groove/spring connection along edges to be connected so as to fix in a vertical direction Withdrawn DE102006024184A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200610024184 DE102006024184A1 (en) 2006-05-23 2006-05-23 Connection for panel boards forms a groove/spring connection along edges to be connected so as to fix in a vertical direction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE200610024184 DE102006024184A1 (en) 2006-05-23 2006-05-23 Connection for panel boards forms a groove/spring connection along edges to be connected so as to fix in a vertical direction

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WO2008122479A1 (en) * 2007-04-05 2008-10-16 Hülsta-Werke Hüls Gmbh & Co. Kg Floor, wall, or ceiling panels and method for the connection of said panels
WO2009043339A1 (en) * 2007-10-05 2009-04-09 Hamberger Industriewerke Gmbh Connection for floor panels
WO2009116926A1 (en) * 2008-01-31 2009-09-24 Välinge Innovation Belgium BVBA Mechanical locking of floor panels, methods to install and uninstall panels, a method and an equipement to produce the locking system, a method to connect a displaceable tongue to a panel and a tongue blank
DE102009005793B3 (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-07-15 Guido Schulte Flooring made of a composite panel
US8033074B2 (en) 2006-07-11 2011-10-11 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a flexible bristle tongue
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US8112967B2 (en) 2008-05-15 2012-02-14 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels
DE102010050326A1 (en) 2010-11-05 2012-05-10 Guido Schulte Floor lining has multiple floor panels that are connected with connector system through groove and spring, where side edge of floor panel has groove and multiple locking latches that are spaced from each other
US8234830B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2012-08-07 Välinge Innovations AB Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8353140B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-01-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding
US20130047536A1 (en) * 2011-08-29 2013-02-28 Välinge Flooring Technology AB Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8387327B2 (en) 2005-03-30 2013-03-05 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8499521B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-08-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding and an installation method to connect such panels
US8505257B2 (en) 2008-01-31 2013-08-13 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels
US8544230B2 (en) 2010-01-12 2013-10-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8572922B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2013-11-05 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US8596013B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2013-12-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US8650826B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2014-02-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8713886B2 (en) 2009-01-30 2014-05-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical lockings of floor panels and a tongue blank
US8763340B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-01 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US8776473B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2014-07-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
DE102013100352A1 (en) * 2013-01-14 2014-07-17 Guido Schulte Glueless panel composite and method for glueless joining of two panel elements
US8857126B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-10-14 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
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US8887468B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2014-11-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
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US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
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US9216541B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2015-12-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for producing a mechanical locking system for building panels
US9260870B2 (en) 2014-03-24 2016-02-16 Ivc N.V. Set of mutually lockable panels
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US8353140B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-01-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding
US8499521B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-08-06 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding and an installation method to connect such panels
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US10006210B2 (en) 2008-01-31 2018-06-26 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels
US8627862B2 (en) 2008-01-31 2014-01-14 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels, methods to install and uninstall panels, a method and an equipment to produce the locking system, a method to connect a displaceable tongue to a panel and a tongue blank
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