DE10046391C1 - Automobile passenger seat has headrest coupled to impact plate incorporated in backrest for forwards movement in impact situation - Google Patents

Automobile passenger seat has headrest coupled to impact plate incorporated in backrest for forwards movement in impact situation

Info

Publication number
DE10046391C1
DE10046391C1 DE10046391A DE10046391A DE10046391C1 DE 10046391 C1 DE10046391 C1 DE 10046391C1 DE 10046391 A DE10046391 A DE 10046391A DE 10046391 A DE10046391 A DE 10046391A DE 10046391 C1 DE10046391 C1 DE 10046391C1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
backrest
headrest
baffle plate
carriage
connected
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
DE10046391A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Ralf Wolf-Herboth
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Faurecia Autositze GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Faurecia Autositze GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Faurecia Autositze GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Faurecia Autositze GmbH and Co KG
Priority to DE10046391A priority Critical patent/DE10046391C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE10046391C1 publication Critical patent/DE10046391C1/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/80Head-rests
    • B60N2/888Head-rests with arrangements for protecting against abnormal g-forces, e.g. by displacement of the head-rest
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/80Head-rests
    • B60N2/806Head-rests movable or adjustable
    • B60N2/809Head-rests movable or adjustable vertically slidable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/80Head-rests
    • B60N2/806Head-rests movable or adjustable
    • B60N2/838Tiltable

Abstract

The present invention relates to a motor vehicle seat with a backrest and a headrest connected thereto, the headrest being mounted on the backrest by means of a swivel mechanism. This swivel mechanism is connected by transmission means to a baffle plate arranged in the backrest, which transmit a return displacement of the baffle plate to the swivel mechanism, which thereby moves the headrest forward to the head of a seat occupant. The object of the invention is to provide a further motor vehicle seat of this type. This object is achieved in that the baffle plate (6) is supported by two links (11) on a crossbar (7) of the backrest frame (1), the link (11) having one end pivotally connected to the baffle plate (6 ) and are pivotally connected at their other end to a carriage (9). These slides (9) are guided so that they can be moved in a transverse manner in the elongated holes (8) provided in the crossbar (7). A traction cable (14) is used as the transmission means, which is guided downwards at two ends by the swivel mechanism (5) to the baffle plate (6) and the two ends (14.1, 14.2) of which are deflected there to the carriage (9) and each with a carriage (9 ) are connected tensile.

Description

The present invention relates to a motor vehicle seat according to the preamble of claim 1.

One of the most common injuries in everyday traffic are neck injuries to a vehicle occupant as a result of such called lashing his head. Such. Verletzun In the case of rear-end crashes, conditions occur even at relatively low speeds due to an occupant's neck and spine is exposed to enormous stresses. To these injuries too avoid or reduce, are motor vehicle seats with so-called called crash-active, more precisely rear-crash-active, head support has been developed. With these seats, the one with Rear crash acting on the backrest of the motor vehicle seat Inertia of the body of a seat occupant by conform de transfer mechanisms to the headrest in such a way that this should be towards the head of the seat occupant moved. This causes the so-called whip of the head counteracted by the seat occupant.  

In WO 98/09838 A1 there is a generic motor vehicle seat described. There is a headrest in übli on the backrest cher way supported by two rods, these rods too belong to a subframe, at the lower end of which is an impact plate is attached. At this lower end is the subframe on both sides by handlebars on the side rails of the backrest Frame guided while the rods of the headrest swivel in bar attached to a cross member of the backrest frame sen are axially slidably mounted. Will the flapper due to a rear-end crash through the torso of a seat occupant pushed backwards with force, the entire subframe swivels in its lower area backwards and upwards, which makes the Poles with the headrest moved forward at the same time push through the sleeves at the top. Through this mechanism leave the headrest forward and upward in the event of a rear-end crash siege.

A very similar construction to that just described is described in EP 0 627 340 B1.

Another generic vehicle seat is in the DE 197 43 339 A1 discloses. Here is the backrest frame from a lower pair of spaced side rails and an upper section with a crossbar to which the headrest is attached is done. A baffle plate is rigidly connected to the cross member, between the lower side rails of the backrest frame is arranged. Swivel joints connect the upper section of the Backrest frame with the lower side rails, creating a Axis of rotation is defined, around which the headrest Crash to the front and the baffle plate to the rear swings. Spring means hold the baffle plate, and thus also the  Headrest, during normal driving in use position tion.

In addition to the motor vehicle seats described above with A baffle in the backrest are motor vehicle seats knows, in which the entire backrest in a rear-end crash is relocatable. Examples of this are in DE 198 28 696 A1 and DE 198 31 218 A1.

In DE 198 28 696 A1, the headrest is over a rod held on the backrest. The rod moves axially bar in a backrest-fixed guide tube, which in turn is pivotally attached to the backrest frame. The leadership tube is via a Bowden cable with a sliding part fixed to the seat part piece connected. This sliding piece sits in a backrest frame fixed slot in which it is ge and / or friction leads is.

In the event of a rear-end crash, the back of a seat occupant presses with great force against the backrest, which and / or friction between the sliding piece and slot releases and the backrest in its lower area moved backwards siege. The Bowden cable transfers this shifting movement to the Guide tube, which the headrest forward on the head of the To swivel seat occupants.

A similar solution is described in DE 198 31 218 A1 ben. Here, too, there is a leh in the lower area of the backrest Guide frame fixed guide slot provided in which a seat part fixed pin is arranged. There is a pull rope on this pin attached, which led upwards in the backrest, there  deflected downward with a backrest-fixed deflection element and with connected to the lower end of the headrest linkage. at a rear crash causes the backrest to shift acting inertia of the body of a seat occupant, be due to the curve of the guide slot, in your lower area back and up. By this shift the distance between the pin and the backrest increases fixed deflection element. The distance shortens to the same extent between the deflection element and the connection point of the pull rope on the headrest linkage, d. H. this, and thus the headrest, is pushed up. Since the headrest linkage in the be Written embodiment is bent forward, the At the same time leave the headrest forward relative to the backrest siege.

The object of the present invention is to provide such Motor vehicle seat continue to improve.

This task is performed by a motor vehicle seat Features of claim 1 solved.

While in the known, generic motor vehicle sit zen the power transmission between the baffle plate and headrest Made by rigid frame structures, the invention uses solution to this is a traction rope, which is due to transverse displacement from two carriages connected to the baffle plate pull onto one Swivels the headrest and exerts an after swivels the headrest. This is for genus moderate motor vehicle seats a novel power coupling between Baffle plate and headrest provided.  

In an advantageous embodiment of the present invention the two ends of the pull rope are each on one of the slits redirected and from there to the other sled leads and connected to this tensile. With this solution the sideways movement of the sled compared to an um The rope ends are steered twice at points fixed to the backrest used. This means that even with relatively small relocations Sled sufficient traction of the pull rope for the actuator tion of the swivel mechanism realized.

If the headrest by two handrails in the back leaned out and each handrail a swivel mechanism is arranged, it is also in a further development of the invention parous if the two sledges by a synchronous gear are synchronized. This ensures that both Swivel mechanisms when the baffle plate is moved back are equally charged, d. H. the two handrails the headrest move forward synchronously, causing a possible jamming or hooking of the movement mechanism of the head support is avoided.

The invention is illustrated below by means of an embodiment explained in more detail. In the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is a side view of a headrest with guide and swivel mechanism, which is connected to a baffle plate via a traction cable, in the normal position of use, in this representation, as in FIGS . 2 to 5, all other parts of the motor vehicle seat have been omitted .

Fig. 2 is a front view of the illustration according to FIG. 1,

Fig. 3 is a view according to Fig. 1 at ausgelös ter baffle plate,

Fig. 4 is a front view of the illustration according to FIG. 3,

Fig. 5 is a view obliquely from the rear left side of the view according to Fig. 2, ie when undeployed baffle plate,

Figure 6 forward angle. A view of the representation according to Fig. 2 of the bottom with a slightly angled view, with illustrated seat back frame,

Figure 7 of kel. A view of the representation according to Fig. 4 (ie triggered baffle plate) behind the bottom with a slightly oblique Blickwin,

Fig. 8 is a side view of the backrest frame head with headrest and Schwenkme mechanism in the normal position of use, and

Fig. 9 is an illustration of FIG. 8 with triggered baffle plate.

In the drawing, only components essential to the invention are shown. The motor vehicle seat, to which these components belong, has - as usual - a seat part and a backrest, on the frame 1 ( Fig. 6-9) of which a headrest 2 is supported by two support rods 3 . These support rods 3 run through Füh approximately 4 tubes and are axially slidable in this ver for height adjustment. A swivel mechanism, designated as a whole by the reference number 5 , which will be explained in more detail later, establishes a swivelable connection between the guide tubes 4 , and thus the headrest 2 , and the backrest frame 1 , with each guide tube 4 being assigned an identical swivel mechanism 5 .

Below the headrest 2 is 1.1 (Fig. 6, 7) of the backrest frame 1, a baffle plate 6 arranged, is mounted the latch at a welded to the side rail cross-1.1 (7) between the side rails. For this purpose, among other things, two slides 9 are easily seen, which extend in the longitudinal direction of the cross bar 7 extending slots 8 are guided transversely. The carriage 9 have a front part 9.1 , which on the front side and a back part 9.2 , which runs on the back of the cross bar 7 . Both parts 9.1 , 9.2 are each connected to one another by a screw bolt 10 which extends through the elongated holes 8 . From the front of the front part 9.1 of the carriage 9, two spaced-apart holding plates 9.3 project forward, which receive one end of a link 11 between them, a swivel joint 12 being formed between the links 11 and the holding plates 9.3 . Such retaining plates 6.1 are formed on the back of the baffle plate 6 , which receive the other end of the link 11 in rotary joints 13 .

The carriages 9 are connected to the two swivel mechanisms 5 via a traction cable 14 . For this connection, the pivot mechanisms 5 each have a suspension lever 41 , which is provided with a through hole 15 . The pull cable 14 is passed through these two through holes 15 and leads with its two ends 14.1 and 14.2 to the carriage 9 ge. There are provided for the rope ends 14.1 and 14.2 deflection points in the form of screwed into the front parts 9.1 of the carriage 9 th bolts 15 and 16 respectively. The rope end 14.1 runs over the screw bolt 15 and is deflected there to the opposite carriage 9 . In the front part 9.1 of this slide 9 , a further screw bolt 17 is provided, in which the cable end 14.1 is suspended in a tension- proof manner. In the same way, the cable end 14.2 runs over a screw bolt 16 of the one carriage 9 and is suspended in a screw bolt 18 of the opposite carriage 9 . One of the stud bolts 15 and 18 or 16 and 17 connecting web plate 19 or 20 prevents the rope ends 14.1 and 14.2 from sliding off the stud bolts 15 to 18 to the front.

The two swivel mechanisms 5 , as he already mentioned above, are identical. Their structure is explained in more detail below with reference to FIGS. 8 and 9, from which only one swivel mechanism 5 can be seen.

Each guide tube 4 of the support rods 3 of the headrest 4 is connected via two articulated arms 21 , 22 to the upper cross member 1.2 of the backrest frame 1 , which is designed in the form of a U-beam open to the rear. In this cross member 1.2 , a vertical web plate 23 is welded to which the articulated arms 21 , 22 are deflected at one of their ends in rotary joints 24 and 25, respectively. The other ends of the articulated arms 21 , 22 are articulated at Ge pivot points 26 and 27 to the guide tube 4 . The guide tube 4 , articulated arms 21 , 22 and web plate 23 form, together with the rotary joints 24 to 27 connecting them, a four-bar gearbox.

This four-bar transmission is driven by a release lever 28 , one end of which is connected in a swivel joint 29 to the above-mentioned suspension lever 41 and the other end of which is designed as a gear segment 28.1 , the teeth of which lie on a circular line around a swivel joint 40 , which connects the other end of the release lever 28 to the web plate 23 .

The teeth of this gear segment 28.1 mesh with knobs 30 , which are pressed out of the articulated arm 22 and are arranged on a circular line around the swivel 25 . The operation of the swivel mechanisms 5 will be explained further below.

In order to prevent the carriage 9 from being displaced unevenly to the side in the event of a crash, and thus to cause an uneven loading of the pivot mechanisms 5 with the result of a clamping or hooking during the forward movement of the headrest 2 , a synchronous gear 31 is provided, the Structure best shown in FIGS. 5 and 7. This synchronous gear 31 has a centrally arranged between the carriage 9 , two-armed lever 32 , the steering 33 is struck on the crossbar 7 via a Drehge. In the same position from its swivel 33 , the lever 32 has two further swivel joints 34 , 35 through which it is connected to two couplers 36 and 37, respectively. The other ends of the couplers 36 and 37 are connected to the slide 9 via swivel joints 38 and 39, respectively. The timing gear 31 ensures that the movement of a carriage is transferred to the other carriage 9. 9 These then move synchronously, and the swivel mechanisms 5 are acted upon correspondingly evenly.

At this point it should be mentioned that the baffle plate 6 as with the other constructions known from the prior art also, of course, against back-shifting forces, such as occur in normal use of the motor vehicle seat, is secured and is only triggered when corresponding large forces such as B. occur in a rear-end crash, act on them. In the present case, this use locking of the baffle plate 6 can be realized in that the elongated holes 8 in the cross bar 7 of the backrest frame 1 are formed with a smaller width than the diameter of the bolts 10 penetrating them. A displacement of the baffle plate 6 is only possible if a corresponding deformation work is performed when the zen bolts 10 are moved in the elongated holes 8 .

Another possibility of the use-locking of the baffle plate 6 may be achieved by the the front part 9.1 and return part 9.2 of each carriage benbolzen 9 connecting Schrau 10 tightened to an appropriate torque who to, so that the front and rear parts 9.1, 9.2 rest with a corresponding force on both sides of the crossbar 7 . This force is to be set so that it is overcome in the event of a rear-end crash and thus a displacement of the carriage 9 is possible.

Another variant of the use locking of the baffle plate 6 can consist in that a correspondingly strong compression spring is arranged between the baffle plate 6 and the crossbar 7 , or in that the handlebars 11 are acted upon by corresponding tension springs in the use position.

In the event of a rear-end crash, the torso of a seat occupant is pressed against the backrest with great force, as a result of which the use lock of the baffle plate 6 is overcome. This moves to the rear, and the slides 9 are pressed outwards via the handlebars 11 . As a result, tension is exerted on the cable ends 14.1 and 14.2 and is transmitted to the release lever 28 . These rotate about the pivot joints 40 in the counterclockwise direction. The teeth of their tooth segments 28.1 mesh with the knobs 30 of the articulated arms 22 . As a result, they pivot about their swivel joints 25 on the web plate 23 in a clockwise direction and, due to their articulated connection to the guide tubes 4, take them with them. This movement is absorbed by the articulated arms 21 , which are also hinged to the guide tubes 4 in a rotationally articulated manner. Due to the selected length of the articulated arms 21 , 22 - the distance between the joints 26 , 24 is greater than that between the joints 27 , 25 - and their angular position to one another, the guide tubes 4 , and thus the headrest 2 , are moved forward and upward, ie towards the head of a seat occupant.

Claims (4)

1.Motor vehicle seat with a backrest and a headrest connected to it, the headrest being mounted on the backrest by means of a pivoting mechanism which is connected by transmission means to an impact plate arranged in the backrest, which transfer a return movement of the impact plate to the pivoting mechanism, which thereby moves the headrest forward to the head of a seat occupant, characterized in that the baffle plate ( 6 ) is supported by two links ( 11 ) on a crossbar ( 7 ) of the backrest frame ( 1 ), which has one end are pivotally connected to the baffle plate ( 6 ) and with their other end are pivotally connected to a carriage ( 9 ), the carriages ( 9 ) being guided displaceably in the oblong holes ( 8 ) provided in the crossbar ( 7 ), and that the transmission means Traction cable ( 14 ), which ends from the swivel mechanism ( 5 ) down to the baffle plate te ( 6 ) is guided, and the two ends ( 14.1 , 14.2 ) there are deflected to the carriage ( 9 ) and are each connected to a carriage ( 9 ) in a tensile manner.
2. Motor vehicle seat according to claim 1, characterized in that the two cable ends ( 14.1 , 14.2 ) each deflected on one of the carriages ( 9 ) and from there to the other carriage ( 9 ) and are connected with this in a tensile manner.
3. Motor vehicle seat according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the headrest ( 2 ) by two Haltestan gene ( 3 ) is guided in the backrest and each support rod ( 3 ) is assigned a pivoting mechanism ( 5 ), the traction cable ( 14th ) is connected to both swivel mechanisms ( 5 ) and the two carriages ( 9 ) are synchronized via a synchronous gear ( 31 ).
4. A motor vehicle seat according to claim 3, characterized in that the synchronous gear ( 31 ) has a two-armed lever ( 32 ) fastened centrally between the slides ( 9 ) to the crossbar ( 7 ) in a pivotable manner, on which two couplers ( 36 , 37 ) in the same Distances to the axis of rotation ( 33 ) are hinged at one end, while the other ends are pivotally connected to a carriage ( 9 ).
DE10046391A 2000-09-20 2000-09-20 Automobile passenger seat has headrest coupled to impact plate incorporated in backrest for forwards movement in impact situation Expired - Fee Related DE10046391C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10046391A DE10046391C1 (en) 2000-09-20 2000-09-20 Automobile passenger seat has headrest coupled to impact plate incorporated in backrest for forwards movement in impact situation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10046391A DE10046391C1 (en) 2000-09-20 2000-09-20 Automobile passenger seat has headrest coupled to impact plate incorporated in backrest for forwards movement in impact situation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE10046391C1 true DE10046391C1 (en) 2002-04-25

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DE10046391A Expired - Fee Related DE10046391C1 (en) 2000-09-20 2000-09-20 Automobile passenger seat has headrest coupled to impact plate incorporated in backrest for forwards movement in impact situation

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007010616A1 (en) 2005-07-22 2007-01-25 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Connection mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
EP1799503A1 (en) * 2004-08-19 2007-06-27 Nhk Spring Company Limited Vehicle seat
EP1908628A1 (en) * 2005-07-13 2008-04-09 TS Tech Co., Ltd Vehicle seat and vehicle seat assembling method
EP2119603A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2009-11-18 NHK Spring CO., LTD. Headrest tilting device for active headrest

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0627340B1 (en) * 1993-06-01 1997-10-15 General Motors Corporation Vehicle pivotal headrest
WO1998009838A1 (en) * 1996-09-06 1998-03-12 Saab Automobile Ab Vehicle seat provided with a headrest
DE19743339A1 (en) * 1996-10-09 1998-04-16 Delphi Automotive Systems Gmbh Seat and headrest assembly for a vehicle
DE19828696A1 (en) * 1998-06-26 1999-12-30 Volkswagen Ag Vehicle seat with a headrest
DE19831218A1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2000-01-05 Brose Fahrzeugteile Seat for motor vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0627340B1 (en) * 1993-06-01 1997-10-15 General Motors Corporation Vehicle pivotal headrest
WO1998009838A1 (en) * 1996-09-06 1998-03-12 Saab Automobile Ab Vehicle seat provided with a headrest
DE19743339A1 (en) * 1996-10-09 1998-04-16 Delphi Automotive Systems Gmbh Seat and headrest assembly for a vehicle
DE19828696A1 (en) * 1998-06-26 1999-12-30 Volkswagen Ag Vehicle seat with a headrest
DE19831218A1 (en) * 1998-07-02 2000-01-05 Brose Fahrzeugteile Seat for motor vehicle

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7523987B2 (en) 2004-08-19 2009-04-28 Nhk Spring Co., Ltd. Vehicle seat
EP1799503A1 (en) * 2004-08-19 2007-06-27 Nhk Spring Company Limited Vehicle seat
EP1799503A4 (en) * 2004-08-19 2007-09-12 Nhk Spring Co Ltd Vehicle seat
EP1908628A1 (en) * 2005-07-13 2008-04-09 TS Tech Co., Ltd Vehicle seat and vehicle seat assembling method
EP1908628A4 (en) * 2005-07-13 2009-12-23 Ts Tech Co Ltd Vehicle seat and vehicle seat assembling method
WO2007010616A1 (en) 2005-07-22 2007-01-25 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Connection mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8322786B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2012-12-04 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Coupling mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
EP1914111A4 (en) * 2005-07-22 2009-12-23 Ts Tech Co Ltd Connection mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
EP1914111A1 (en) * 2005-07-22 2008-04-23 TS Tech Co., Ltd Connection mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8240757B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2012-08-14 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Coupling mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8020930B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2011-09-20 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Coupling mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8056973B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2011-11-15 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Coupling mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8104831B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2012-01-31 Ts Tech. Co., Ltd. Coupling mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8104830B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2012-01-31 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Coupling mechanism for headrest of vehicle seat
US8562074B2 (en) 2005-07-22 2013-10-22 Ts Tech Co., Ltd. Vehicle seat
EP2119603A4 (en) * 2006-12-27 2010-10-20 Nhk Spring Co Ltd Headrest tilting device for active headrest
EP2119603A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2009-11-18 NHK Spring CO., LTD. Headrest tilting device for active headrest

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
D1 Grant (no unexamined application published) patent law 81
8100 Publication of the examined application without publication of unexamined application
8364 No opposition during term of opposition
8327 Change in the person/name/address of the patent owner

Owner name: FAURECIA AUTOSITZE GMBH, 31655 STADTHAGEN, DE

R119 Application deemed withdrawn, or ip right lapsed, due to non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20120403