CN2649242Y - Numerically controlled spiral bevel gear milling machine layout - Google Patents

Numerically controlled spiral bevel gear milling machine layout Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2649242Y
CN2649242Y CN 03258565 CN03258565U CN2649242Y CN 2649242 Y CN2649242 Y CN 2649242Y CN 03258565 CN03258565 CN 03258565 CN 03258565 U CN03258565 U CN 03258565U CN 2649242 Y CN2649242 Y CN 2649242Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bed
milling machine
saddle
bevel gear
spiral bevel
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CN 03258565
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王威
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天津第一机床总厂
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Publication of CN2649242Y publication Critical patent/CN2649242Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a digital control spiral bevel gear milling machine which mainly comprises a bed piece, a bed saddle, a work piece box and a knife tool box, wherein an X shaft rail is fixedly arranged on the bed piece, and an upright post is connected with the bed piece glidingly via the X shaft rail. One side of the upright post is fixedly provided with a Y shaft rail, and the knife tool box is glidingly connected with the upright post via the Y shaft rail. A knife tool main shaft is arranged in the knife tool box, and the bed saddle is connected with the bed piece glidingly via a Z shaft rail. The work piece box is connected with the bed saddle glidingly via a curl plate, and a work piece main shaft is arranged in the work piece box. The utility model has the advantages that the part categories and the drive mechanisms of the existing gear milling machine are effectively reduced, production cost is saved, the time of adjustment is shortened, the labor intensity of operating staffs is reduced, drive mechanisms are simplified, the transmission of a drive shaft is simple, and transmission efficiency and accuracy are improved. The standard performed by the digital control spiral bevel gear milling machine is one-grade higher than the national standard performed by the existing gear milling machine, and the same gear milling machine can be used for cutting and extending two gears with different gear cogs, such as a spiral bevel gear and an external cycloidal gear.

Description

数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机布局 NC spiral bevel gear milling machine layout

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型属于齿轮加工机械,特别是涉及一种结构简单、可提高传动效率和传动精度且适用于加工不同齿制齿轮的数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机布局。 The present invention belongs to the gear processing machine, particularly to a simple structure, it can improve the transmission efficiency and transmission accuracy and suitable for NC machining of different teeth of the gear system of spiral bevel gear milling machine layout.

背景技术 Background technique

目前公知的数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机是由床身、摇台、摇台支架、进给机构、工件箱等几部分组成,其中有的铣齿机装有刀倾结构,有的不带刀倾结构,上述机床机构复杂,一台机床均由上千个零件组成,同时设置的传动机构多,因此使整机在装配和调试时的操作比较烦琐,由于传动机构多,其间的传动误差也随之增加,导致传动精度降低,其切齿精度在现行国家标准的6.5--6级间;当铣齿机需切削不同参数的齿轮时,必须调整机床如挂轮、工件箱的回转角度、水平轮位及垂直轮位等,从而给操作人员增加了麻烦和劳动强度,且费时、费力,生产加工成本高。 NC presently known spiral bevel gear milling machine is a bed, cradle, cradle holder of several parts, the feeding mechanism, work head, etc., some of which cutter milling machine with tilting structure, without any tilting blade arrangement, the mechanism is complicated machine, a machine component parts by the thousands, while the multi-gear set, so that the operation of the machine during commissioning and more cumbersome assembling, since the multi-transmission, transmission error therebetween also increases, resulting in reduced transmission accuracy, precision cutting teeth between which existing national standards 6.5--6 level; when the milling machine cutting wheels of different parameters need to be adjusted as the machine hanging wheel turning angle, the work tank, a horizontal wheel and vertical wheel bit position, so as to increase the operating personnel and cumbersome labor intensive, and time-consuming, laborious, of high cost of production and processing.

本实用新型为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题而提供一种具有结构简单、可提高传动效率和传动精度且适用于加工不同齿制齿轮的数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机布局。 The present invention to solve the technical problems present in the known art and to provide a simple structure, can improve the transmission efficiency and transmission accuracy and suitable for NC machining of different teeth of the gear system of spiral bevel gear milling machine layout.

本实用新型为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题所采取的技术方案是:数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机,主要包括床身、床鞍、工件箱和刀具箱,在床身上固装X轴导轨,立柱通过X轴导轨与床身呈滑动连接,于立柱一侧面固装有Y轴导轨,刀具箱通过Y轴导轨与立柱呈滑动连接,在刀具箱中安装有刀具主轴,床鞍通过固定在床身上的Z轴导轨与床身呈滑动连接,工件箱由固定在床鞍上的弧形板与床鞍呈滑动连接,于工件箱中设置工件主轴。 The present invention to solve the technical problem of the known art are taken following technical solution: NC spiral bevel gear milling machine, including a bed, a saddle, a workpiece box and tool boxes, bed body fixedly mounted X-axis guide , the column was connected by sliding the X-axis guide bed, a side surface of the column in the Y-axis guide rails fixedly arranged on the slide was connected to the tool box and the Y-axis guide post, the tool spindle is mounted in the tool box, fixed to the saddle by the bed body and the Z-axis guide rails slidably connected to the bed form, the work head is fixed on the arcuate plate shape saddle is slidably connected to the saddle, is provided in the workpiece spindle in the work tank.

本实用新型具有的优点和积极效果是:该铣齿机由于采用了上述新的布局,即分别用X、Y两直线轴代替摇台部分,用X、Y轴加B轴的联动代替刀倾结构,并且铣齿机的各运动部分采用数控控制,则有效的减少了目前铣齿机的零件类别和传动机构,铣齿机不配挂轮,即节约了生产成本,又减少了调整时间、减轻了操作人员的劳动强度,由于简化了传动机构,机床的润滑点相对减少,传动轴传动简单,可提高传动效率和传动精度,比目前公知的铣齿机执行的国家标准提高一个等级,在一台铣齿机上通过上述各轴的运动及控制程序的变化,可以切削弧齿锥齿轮和延伸外摆线齿轮两种不同齿制的齿轮。 The present invention has the advantages and positive effects are: the milling machine By adopting the new layout, i.e. with X, Y two linear axes instead of the cradle portion, with the X, Y axes plus B-axis linkage instead of knives was poured structure, and each moving part milling machine using a numerical control is effectively reducing the current milling machine parts category and gearing mechanism, milling machine unworthy hanging round, i.e., production cost savings, but also reduce the adjustment time, reduce the labor intensity, since the simplified drive mechanism, the lubrication point on the machine is relatively reduced, shaft drive simple, can improve the transmission efficiency and transmission accuracy, than the national standard conventionally known milling machine performs achieve a high level, in a on the table milling machine axes by changing the motion and control of the program, it can be cut bevel gear and the gear arc extending epicycloidal gear made of two different teeth.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本实用新型的布局结构示意图。 FIG 1 is a new schematic structural view of a layout.

图中:1立柱、2刀具箱、3床身、4床鞍、5工件箱、6X轴导轨、7Z轴导轨、8Y轴导轨、9刀具箱、10工件主轴、11弧形板具体实施方式为能进一步了解本实用新型的发明内容、特点及功效,兹例举以下实施例,并配合附图详细说明如下:请参阅图1,数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机,主要包括床身3、床鞍4、工件箱5和刀具箱2,在床身3上固装X轴导轨6,立柱1通过固装在床身上的X轴导轨6与床身3呈滑动连接,立柱1在床身3上沿X轴导轨6的直线移动形成X轴运动,于立柱1一侧面固装有Y轴导轨8,刀具箱2通过Y轴导轨8与立柱1呈滑动连接,刀具箱2沿Y轴导轨8直线移动形成Y轴运动,在刀具箱2中安装有刀具主轴9,该刀具主轴9在刀具箱2中产生的旋转形成C轴运动,床鞍4通过固定在床身上的Z轴导轨7与床身3呈滑动连接,工件箱5由固定在床鞍4上的弧形板11与床鞍4呈滑动连接,该工件箱 FIG: 1 column, tool cabinet 2, body 3, saddle 4, 5 work tank, 6X axis guide rails, 7Z guide shaft, guide shaft 8Y, tool box 9, the workpiece spindle 10, the arcuate plate 11 DETAILED DESCRIPTION further understanding of the present invention, the content of the present invention, the characteristics and effects, hereby exemplified by the following examples, and detailed description with accompanying drawings as follows: Referring to FIG. 1, NC spiral bevel gear milling machine, including the machine bed 3, bed saddle 4, the work tank 5 and a tool cabinet 2, bed 3 the fixedly mounted X-axis guide rails 6, 6 bed 3 has a sliding connection pillar guide rail by the X-axis is fixedly arranged on the bed of the column 1 in the bed 3 the upper rail 6 is moved linearly along the X-axis X-axis motion is formed at a side surface of the column 1 provided with fixed Y-axis rails 8, 8 are connected with the column 1 as a tool cabinet 2 slide rail Y-axis, the tool cabinet 2 along the Y-axis guide rails 8 linear movement form a Y-axis movement, with a tool spindle 9 is mounted in the tool cabinet 2, the rotation of the tool spindle 9 generated in the tool cabinet 2 form a C-axis motion, the saddle 4 the guide rail 7 through a bed fixed on the bed in the Z-axis a sliding body 3 has a connector, slidably connected to the work tank 5 in a fixed curved plate 4 on the saddle 11 and the saddle 4 by the work tank 5通过床鞍4沿床身3上的Z轴导轨7直线移动形成Z轴运动,工件箱5沿床鞍4上的弧形板11水平方向的摆动形成B轴运动,于工件箱5中设置工件主轴10,该工件主轴10在工件箱5中旋转运动形成A轴运动。 4 by the saddle 5 along the bed 3 on the Z-axis guide rail 7 forming the linear movement Z-axis, the horizontal pivot 11 along the direction of the work tank 5 the saddle of the curved plate 4 is formed on the B-axis motion provided on the work tank 5 the workpiece spindle 10, the rotational movement of the workpiece spindle 10 is formed in the A-axis motion of the work tank 5.

本实用新型的动作原理为:通过伺服电机提供动力源后,由数控系统给出指令,立柱1在床身3上沿X轴导轨6的直线移动形成X轴运动,刀具箱2沿Y轴导轨8直线移动形成Y轴运动,刀具主轴9在刀具箱2中产生的旋转形成C轴运动,工件箱5通过床鞍4沿床身3上的Z轴导轨7直线移动形成Z轴运动,工件箱5沿床鞍4上的弧形板11水平方向的摆动形成B轴运动,工件主轴10在工件箱5中旋转运动形成A轴运动,通过上述六轴的同时联动,完成对齿轮的切削加工。 The operation principle of the present invention is: to provide the power source by a servo motor, an instruction is given by the numerical control system, the X-axis movement of the column 1 is formed on the bed 3 along the X-axis guide 6 is moved linearly, the tool box 2 along the Y-axis guide rails 8 linear movement form Y-axis movement, the rotary tool spindle 9 generated in the tool cabinet 2 form a C-axis movement, Z-axis movement of the work tank 5 is formed by the saddle 4 the guide rail 7 moved linearly along the bed Z shaft 3, the work tank the saddle 5 along the curved plate 11 in the horizontal direction of the pivot 4 is formed on the B-axis motion, the rotational movement of the workpiece spindle 10 is formed in the a-axis movement of the work tank 5, while the above-described six-axis by the linkage, to complete the machining of gears.

Claims (1)

1.一种数控弧齿锥齿轮铣齿机,主要包括床身(3)、床鞍(4)、工件箱(5)和刀具箱(2),其特征是:在床身(3)上固装X轴导轨(6),立柱(1)通过X轴导轨(6)与床身(3)呈滑动连接,于立柱(1)一侧面固装有Y轴导轨(8),刀具箱(2)通过Y轴导轨(8)与立柱(1)呈滑动连接,在刀具箱(2)中安装有刀具主轴(9),床鞍(4)通过固定在床身上的Z轴导轨(7)与床身(3)呈滑动连接,工件箱(5)由固定在床鞍上的弧形板(11)与床鞍呈滑动连接,于工件箱(5)中设置工件主轴(10)。 A spiral bevel gear NC milling machine, comprising a main bed (3), saddle (4), the work tank (5) and the tool box (2), characterized in that: on the bed (3) fixedly mounted X-axis guide (6), the column (1) form a sliding connection, to a column (1) with a side surface of the Y-axis guide rails fixed (8), the tool box (the X-axis guide rail (6) and the bed (3) 2) as a slidably connected by a Y-axis guide rails (8) with the column (1), is attached to the tool spindle (9) in the tool box in (2), a saddle (4) fixed on the bed in the Z-axis guide rail (7) the bed (3) form a sliding connection, work tank (5) by a fixed curved plate (11) in the form of the saddle with the saddle connector slidably disposed workpiece spindle (10) in the work tank (5).
CN 03258565 2003-09-29 2003-09-29 Numerically controlled spiral bevel gear milling machine layout CN2649242Y (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101982277A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-03-02 天津第一机床总厂 Numerical control curve cylindrical gear miller
CN102151910A (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-08-17 河南科技大学 Cutter inclination and turning mechanism applied to cradle-free spiral bevel gear milling machine
WO2011127663A1 (en) * 2010-04-16 2011-10-20 配天(安徽)电子技术有限公司 Gear flexible cutting machine
CN102357680A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-02-22 天津昱信机床制造有限公司 Numerically-controlled tooth bevel gear milling machine
CN103143789A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-12 湖南中大创远数控装备有限公司 Gear cutting machine
CN104959679A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-10-07 苏州市海神达机械科技有限公司 Internal gear milling apparatus
CN105333064A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-02-17 西安科技大学 Herringbone tooth surface gear transmission mechanism and tooth milling method for herringbone tooth surface gear of herringbone tooth surface gear transmission mechanism
CN105855996A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-08-17 东莞市乔锋机械有限公司 Vertical metal machining machine
CN105965106A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 天津第机床总厂 Numerical control small-modulus straight bevel gear shaper
CN108971657A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-11 重庆工业职业技术学院 gear machining apparatus

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011127663A1 (en) * 2010-04-16 2011-10-20 配天(安徽)电子技术有限公司 Gear flexible cutting machine
CN101982277A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-03-02 天津第一机床总厂 Numerical control curve cylindrical gear miller
CN102151910A (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-08-17 河南科技大学 Cutter inclination and turning mechanism applied to cradle-free spiral bevel gear milling machine
CN102151910B (en) * 2011-03-21 2012-08-15 河南科技大学 Cutter inclination and turning mechanism applied to cradle-free spiral bevel gear milling machine
CN102357680A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-02-22 天津昱信机床制造有限公司 Numerically-controlled tooth bevel gear milling machine
CN103143789A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-06-12 湖南中大创远数控装备有限公司 Gear cutting machine
CN103143789B (en) * 2013-04-02 2016-03-30 湖南中大创远数控装备有限公司 A kind of gear cutting machine
CN104959679A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-10-07 苏州市海神达机械科技有限公司 Internal gear milling apparatus
CN105333064A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-02-17 西安科技大学 Herringbone tooth surface gear transmission mechanism and tooth milling method for herringbone tooth surface gear of herringbone tooth surface gear transmission mechanism
CN105333064B (en) * 2015-10-31 2018-09-18 西安科技大学 The Gear Milling method of double helical tooth face gear transmission mechanism and its herringbone flank of tooth gear
CN105855996A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-08-17 东莞市乔锋机械有限公司 Vertical metal machining machine
CN105965106A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-09-28 天津第机床总厂 Numerical control small-modulus straight bevel gear shaper
CN108971657A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-11 重庆工业职业技术学院 gear machining apparatus

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