CN203679941U - Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure - Google Patents

Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203679941U
CN203679941U CN201320523604.5U CN201320523604U CN203679941U CN 203679941 U CN203679941 U CN 203679941U CN 201320523604 U CN201320523604 U CN 201320523604U CN 203679941 U CN203679941 U CN 203679941U
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China
Prior art keywords
plane
saddle
base
column
machine tool
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320523604.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严孝诚
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Hongqing Precision Machine Co Ltd
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Hongqing Precision Machine Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320523604.5U priority Critical patent/CN203679941U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure, which comprises a base 1, wherein a cross frame 5 is fixedly arranged on the upper plane of the base 1; a saddle 6 is arranged on the upper plane of the cross frame 5 in a sliding way; an upright post 4 is connected to the upper plane of the saddle 6 in the sliding way; a spindle head 3 is connected to the rear lateral surface of the upright post 4 in the sliding way, and can be provided with three spindles in parallel; the lower plane of the upright post 4 is connected to the upper plane of the saddle 6 in the sliding way; the lower plane of the saddle 6 is connected to the upper plane of the cross frame 5 in the sliding way. According to the three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure, the machining efficiency of a numerical control machine tool is improved by triple times, the standby time for loading and unloading is also reduced, and the number of machine tools, operators and the site area, which are required by batch production, are reduced.

Description

Three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool, specifically a kind of novel vertical machining centre that three main shafts are processed simultaneously that has, is furnished with three main shafts cutter-exchange mechanism simultaneously, also can join the 4th axle turntable and complete multiaspect processing.
Background technology
The application of current single main spindle numerical control lathe, owing to having put cutter-exchange mechanism and four axles or five axle turntables, it is in the processing of part, and no matter wanting precision, multiaspect processing, efficiency and flexibility is excellent compared with traditional machine tool or special purpose machine tool.As for special purpose machine tool processing, efficiency is higher, but it is for a certain specific component mass production.If changing part, needs to change the design of main tapping comprehensively, belong to a kind of rigidity processing line.Single shaft digital-controlled machining center, although its efficiency is not as good as special plane, has flexibility, changes numerical control program and can adapt to different part processing needs.Single mainshaft numerical-control processing center only has a main shaft to be restricted processing the therefore performance of the working (machining) efficiency of lathe at every turn.Today, operating personnel's shortage processing operation costs increased due to market competition, and, because of rope, there is direct impact in place etc. on the cost of part processing.Process so need to develop many main shafts simultaneously, and there is automatic tool changer function simultaneously, improve machine tooling efficiency, reduce operating personnel and save the energy and place.So could reduce part processing cost.Thereby with single spindle vertical machining center in design the theory on machine tool structure, must have new breakthrough, solve the skill of three main shafts tool changing simultaneously.Configure again the 4th axle turntable, can reach the multiaspect part processing simultaneously of three main shafts, improve machine tooling efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures, possess three main shafts, there is three main shafts automatic tool changer function simultaneously, can process simultaneously, and can reach the requirement of function and the crudy of single main spindle numerical control machine tooling.With the comparison of single main spindle numerical control lathe, between the man-hour with a workpiece, can complete the processing of three parts, improve three times of the working (machining) efficiencies of Digit Control Machine Tool, also reduced loading and unloading stand-by time, needed lathe number of units and operating personnel and factory site area while having reduced batch production.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures, include base 1, crossbeam 5 is fixedly mounted in the upper plane of base 1, the upper planar slide of crossbearer 5 is provided with saddle 6, the upper planar slide of saddle 6 is connected with column 4, the trailing flank of column 4 slidably connects main tapping 3, main tapping 3 can be installed three main shafts simultaneously side by side, the lower plane of column 4 is slidably connected in the upper plane of saddle 6, the lower plane of saddle 6 is slidably connected in the upper plane of crossbearer 5, so three main shafts in main tapping 3 can be with main tapping 3, column 4, saddle 6 can be made left and right X-axis, front and back Y-axis, upper and lower Z-direction motion, on the step surface of base 1 front end, be installed with tool magazine 7 with two column inner sides of crossbearer 5, on the step surface of base 1 rear end, be installed with four axle turntables 2.
Four described axle turntables 2 are to be fixedly mounted on the rear end step surface of base 1, on four axle turntable two ends disks, are fixedly connected with bridge plate, and bridge plate can be made 360 degree around Y, Z plane and rotatablely move, and realizes four-axle linked function.
The front end that described tool magazine 7 is mounted in base 1 is appeared on the stage in terrace, crossbearer 5 two grades, is seesawed and is rotatablely moved by cylinder, motor chain-driving cutter holder and cutter, realizes and send cutter and tool changing function.
Three main spindle vertical digital control machining centers are to realize three main shaft cutting functions simultaneously.
To three main shafts be installed in main tapping 3 side by side, every main shaft direct connection motor, realizes three main shafts, three functions such as cutter, the milling simultaneously of three parts, brill, tappings.
The leading flank of main tapping 3 is connected on column 4 trailing flanks; The lower plane of column 4 is arranged in the upper plane of saddle 6; The lower plane of saddle 6 is arranged in the upper plane of crossbearer 5; The lower plane of crossbearer 5 is fixedly mounted in the front upper plane of base 1, by motor driving, realizes three main shafts and can make X-axis left and right directions, Y-axis fore-and-aft direction, Z axis above-below direction sliding motion function simultaneously.
Four axle turntable 2 lower planes are fixedly mounted in the rear upper plane of base, and middle bridge plate is fixedly mounted on four axle turntable 2 two ends disks, under the driving of motor, do 360 rotations, realize the 4th s function.
The lower plane of tool magazine 7 is fixedly mounted in the upper plane of base 1, under the driving of motor, make cutter holder and cutter do before and after sliding motion and left and right 360 degree rotatablely move, realize three main shafts and can once exchange simultaneously the function of three cutters.
Structure explanation of the present invention:
1: base 1 is a carrier.The critical piece carrying has crossbearer 5, saddle 6, column 4, interior main tapping 3 and four axle turntables 2 and the tool magazine 7 that is inlaid with side by side three main shafts, enough becomes three spindle vertical machining center lathes.
2: the lower plane of crossbearer 5 is fixedly mounted on the front upper step surface of base 1, and the upper plane of crossbeam 5, is connected with saddle 6 by slide rail, slide block, saddle 6 is take motor as driving, and nut, screw rod are transmission mechanism, drives saddle 6 to make X-axis left and right directions sliding motion; The lower plane of column 4, is connected to by slide rail, slide block in the upper plane of saddle 6, and column 4 is take motor as driving, and nut, screw rod are transmission mechanism, drives column 4 to make Y-axis fore-and-aft direction sliding motion; The leading flank of main tapping 3, is connected to by slide rail, slide block on the trailing flank of column 4, and main tapping 3 is take motor as driving, and nut, screw rod are transmission mechanism, drives three main shafts to make Z axis above-below direction sliding motion.By system command control, form X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis linkage function.
The lower plane of 3: four axle turntables 2 be fixedly connected on base 1 after appear on the stage on terrace, two disks are fixed together by middle bridge plate.Take motor as driving, worm gear, worm screw are transmission mechanism, drive disk and bridge plate, make positive and negative 360 degree and rotatablely move, and form the 4th s function.By system command control, can form four-axle linked function.
4: the lower plane of tool magazine 7 pedestals is fixedly mounted in the upper plane of base 1, take air pressure as driving, cylinder, piston are transmission mechanism, drive cutter holder and cutter sliding motion before and after Y-direction is done, and form and send cutter and unload cutter function; Take motor as driving, worm gear, worm screw are transmission mechanism, drive chain and cutter holder and cutter to make 360 degree and rotatablely move, and coordinate respectively each root main shaft to detect the function of cutter formation and three main shaft tool changing simultaneously under the cooperation of main tapping 3 at three groups of sensors.
5. can realize four-axle linked and three simultaneously function of exchange of cutter.
According to three shaft vertical processing center machine bed structures described in claim 1-4, it is characterized in that described and three main shafts join four axle turntables and can rotate simultaneously, realize cutting function.Three main shafts can coordinate three main shafts to grab cutter and tool changing function simultaneously with tool magazine 7.
Operating principle of the present invention:
Operating principle of the present invention is: the mechanism that is slidably connected between saddle 6, column 4 and main tapping 3, provide driving force by servomotor, and all transmission mechanisms, by the control of CNC digital control system.In the time that operation sequence needs X to motion, the servo motor enabled instruction of CNC control system output mobile saddle 6 side-to-side movements, motor starting, and drive saddle 6 side-to-side movements by ball screw, nut, slide rail and slide block; In the time that operation sequence needs Y-direction motion, the servo motor enabled instruction that CNC control system output mobile column 4 seesaws, motor starting, and drive column 4 to seesaw by ball screw, nut, slide rail and slide block; In the time that operation sequence needs Z-direction motion, the servo motor enabled instruction that CNC control system output mobile main tapping 3 moves up and down, motor starting, and drive main tapping 3 to move up and down by ball screw, nut, slide rail and slide block; When obtaining after the instruction of CNC system cutting, three Spindle Motors start, and drive three main shafts and cutting tool rotation, enter cutting process; In the time that operation sequence needs four axle turntables to rotatablely move, the servo motor enabled instruction that four axle turntables 2 rotatablely move is rotated in the output of CNC control system, motor starting, and drive four axle turntable 2 positive and negative rotation motions by worm screw, worm gear; In the time that operation sequence need be selected cutter, the servo motor enabled instruction that tool magazine 7 rotatablely moves is rotated in the output of CNC control system, stop at the cutter spacing needing, PLC control system output order, the Y-direction motion forward of control cylinder, piston driving tool magazine 7, be parked in desired location, wait main tapping 3 is grabbed cutter, control column 4 motor startings by CNC, drive main tapping 3 to enter and grab cutter position, main tapping 3 motor startings, drive main shaft to grab three main shafts of cutter downwards and grab cutter simultaneously, then column 4 motor startings drive main tapping 3 to leave and grab cutter position, carry out next step procedure.Four axle turntable 2 motor startings, rotatablely move by worm gear, positive and negative 360 degree of worm screw band action.Can do X, Y, the four-axle linked motion of Z, U.When three main tappings 3 complete procedure, need to renew cutter time, to be put back into the empty cutter holder of tool magazine 7 position at the existing cutter of three main tappings 3, could carry out the action of grabbing new cutter.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 tri-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure figure.
Fig. 2 tri-spindle vertical machining center lathe exploded views.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures, include base 1, crossbeam 5 is fixedly mounted in the upper plane of base 1, the upper planar slide of crossbearer 5 is provided with saddle 6, the upper planar slide of saddle 6 is connected with column 4, the trailing flank of column 4 slidably connects main tapping 3, main tapping 3 can be installed three main shafts simultaneously side by side, the lower plane of column 4 is slidably connected in the upper plane of saddle 6, the lower plane of saddle 6 is slidably connected in the upper plane of crossbearer 5, so three main shafts in main tapping 4 can be with main tapping 3, column 4, saddle 6 can be made left and right X-axis, front and back Y-axis, upper and lower Z-direction motion, on the step surface of base 1 front end, be installed with tool magazine 7 with two column inner sides of crossbearer 5, on the step surface of base 1 rear end, be installed with four axle turntables 2, four axle turntables 2 are to be fixedly mounted on the rear end step surface of base 1, on four axle turntable two ends disks, be fixedly connected with bridge plate, bridge plate can be around Y, Z plane is made 360 degree and is rotatablely moved, realize four-axle linked function, the front end that tool magazine 7 is mounted in base 1 terrace of appearing on the stage, in two grades of crossbearer 5, by cylinder, motor chain-driving cutter holder and cutter are done front and back and are rotatablely moved, detecting cutter at three groups of sensors coordinates realization to send cutter and tool changing function.

Claims (3)

1. three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures, it is characterized in that: include base (1), crossbeam (5) is fixedly mounted in the upper plane of base (1), the upper planar slide of crossbearer (5) is provided with saddle (6), the upper planar slide of saddle (6) is connected with column (4), the trailing flank of column (4) slidably connects main tapping (3), main tapping (3) can be installed three main shafts simultaneously side by side, the lower plane of column (4) is slidably connected in the upper plane of saddle (6), the lower plane of saddle (6) is slidably connected in the upper plane of crossbearer (5), so three main shafts in main tapping (4) can be with main tapping (3), column (4), saddle (6) can be made left and right X-axis, front and back Y-axis, upper and lower Z-direction motion, on the step surface of base (1) front end, be installed with tool magazine (7) with two column inner sides of crossbearer (5), on the step surface of base (1) rear end, be installed with four axle turntables (2).
2. three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: four described axle turntables (2) are to be fixedly mounted on the rear end step surface of base (1), on four axle turntable two ends disks, be fixedly connected with bridge plate, bridge plate can be made 360 degree around X-axis plane and rotatablely move, and realizes four-axle linked function.
3. three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the front end that described tool magazine (7) is mounted in base (1) is appeared on the stage in terrace, crossbearer (5) two grades, seesaw and rotatablely move by cylinder, motor chain-driving cutter holder and cutter, realize and send cutter and tool changing function.
CN201320523604.5U 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure Expired - Fee Related CN203679941U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320523604.5U CN203679941U (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103465110A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-12-25 安徽省鸿庆精机有限公司 Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103465110A (en) * 2013-08-26 2013-12-25 安徽省鸿庆精机有限公司 Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140702

Termination date: 20190826

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee