CN103465110A - Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center - Google Patents

Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103465110A
CN103465110A CN2013103763359A CN201310376335A CN103465110A CN 103465110 A CN103465110 A CN 103465110A CN 2013103763359 A CN2013103763359 A CN 2013103763359A CN 201310376335 A CN201310376335 A CN 201310376335A CN 103465110 A CN103465110 A CN 103465110A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
saddle
base
column
upper plane
plane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013103763359A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严孝诚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hongqing Precision Machine Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hongqing Precision Machine Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hongqing Precision Machine Co Ltd filed Critical Hongqing Precision Machine Co Ltd
Priority to CN2013103763359A priority Critical patent/CN103465110A/en
Publication of CN103465110A publication Critical patent/CN103465110A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a three-spindle vertical machining center which comprises a base 1. A transverse beam 5 is fixedly mounted on an upper plane of the base 1, a saddle 6 is slidably arranged on an upper plane of the transverse beam 5, an upright column 4 is slidably connected with an upper plane of the saddle 6, a spindle head 3 is slidably connected to the rear side surface of the upright column 4, three spindles can be simultaneously mounted on the spindle head 3 side by side, a lower plane of the upright column 4 is slidably connected onto the upper plane of the saddle 6, and a lower plane of the saddle 6 is slidably connected onto the upper plane of the transverse beam 5. The three-spindle vertical machining center has the advantages that the machining efficiency of a numerical-control machine tool can be improved by three times, feeding and discharging standby time can be shortened, and machine tools, operators and the plant area which are required by batch production are reduced.

Description

Three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool, specifically a kind of novel vertical machining centre that three main shafts are processed simultaneously that has, be furnished with three main shafts cutter-exchange mechanism simultaneously, also can join the 4th axle turntable and complete multiaspect processing.
Background technology
The application of current single main spindle numerical control lathe, owing to having put cutter-exchange mechanism and four axles or five axle turntables, it is in the processing of part, and no matter wanting precision, multiaspect processing, efficiency and flexibility is excellent than traditional machine tool or special purpose machine tool.As for special purpose machine tool processing, efficiency is higher, but it is for a certain specific component mass production.If changing part, need to change the design of main tapping comprehensively, belong to a kind of rigidity processing line.Single shaft digital-controlled machining center, although its efficiency has flexibility not as good as special plane, change numerical control program and can adapt to different part processing needs.Single mainshaft numerical-control processing center only has a main shaft to be restricted in the performance of the working (machining) efficiency of processing so lathe at every turn.Today, operating personnel's shortage processing operation costs increased due to market competition, and place etc. are because of rope, and the cost that part is processed has direct impact.So need the many main shafts of exploitation to process, and there is the automatic tool changer function simultaneously simultaneously, improve machine tooling efficiency, reduce operating personnel and save the energy and place.So could reduce the part processing cost.Thereby with single spindle vertical machining center in design the theory on machine tool structure, new breakthrough must be arranged, solve the skill of three main shafts tool changing simultaneously.Configure again the 4th axle turntable, can reach the multiaspect part processing simultaneously of three main shafts, improve machine tooling efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of three spindle vertical machining center machine tool structures, possess three main shafts, there is three main shafts automatic tool changer function simultaneously, can process simultaneously, and can reach the requirement of function and the crudy of single main spindle numerical control machine tooling.With single main spindle numerical control lathe, comparing, between the man-hour with a workpiece, can complete the processing of three parts, improve three times of the working (machining) efficiencies of Digit Control Machine Tool, also reduced the loading and unloading stand-by time, needed lathe number of units and operating personnel and factory site area while having reduced batch production.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Three shaft vertical machining centers, include base 1, crossbeam 5 is fixedly mounted on the upper plane of base 1, the upper planar slide of crossbearer 5 is provided with saddle 6, the upper plane of saddle 6 slidably connects column 4, the trailing flank of column 4 slidably connects main tapping 3, main tapping 3 can be installed three main shafts simultaneously side by side, the lower plane of column 4 is slidably connected on the upper plane of saddle 6, the lower plane of saddle 6 is slidably connected on the upper plane of crossbearer 5, so three main shafts in main tapping 3 can be with main tapping 3, column 4, saddle 6 can be made the left and right X-axis, the front and back Y-axis, upper and lower Z-direction motion, be installed with tool magazine 7 with two column inboards of crossbearer 5 on the step surface of base 1 front end, be installed with four axle turntables 2 on the step surface of base 1 rear end.
Described four axle turntables 2 are to be fixedly mounted on the rear end step surface of base 1, on four axle turntable two ends disks, are fixedly connected with bridge plate, and bridge plate can be made 360 degree around Y, Z plane and rotatablely move, and realizes four-axle linked function.
The front end that described tool magazine 7 is mounted in base 1 is appeared on the stage in two crotch of terrace, crossbearer 5, by cylinder, motor chain-driving cutter holder and cutter, is seesawed and is rotatablely moved, and realizes sending cutter and tool changing function.
Three main spindle vertical digital control machining centers are to realize three main shaft cutting functions simultaneously.
To three main shafts be installed in main tapping 3 side by side, every main shaft direct connection motor, realize three main shafts, three cutter, three parts mill simultaneously, the function such as brill, tapping.
The leading flank of main tapping 3 is connected on column 4 trailing flanks; The lower plane of column 4 is arranged on the upper plane of saddle 6; The lower plane of saddle 6 is arranged on the upper plane of crossbearer 5; The lower plane of crossbearer 5 is fixedly mounted on the front upper plane of base 1, by motor driving, realizes that three main shafts can make X-axis left and right directions, Y-axis fore-and-aft direction, Z axis above-below direction sliding motion function simultaneously.
Four axle turntable 2 lower planes are fixedly mounted on the rear upper plane of base, and middle bridge plate is fixedly mounted on four axle turntable 2 two ends disks, under the driving of motor, does 360 rotations, realizes the 4th s function.
The lower plane of tool magazine 7 is fixedly mounted on the upper plane of base 1, under the driving of motor, cutter holder and cutter work front and back sliding motion and left and right 360 degree is rotatablely moved, and realizes that three main shafts can once exchange the function of three cutters simultaneously.
Structure explanation of the present invention:
1: base 1 is a carrier.The critical piece carried has crossbearer 5, saddle 6, column 4, interior main tapping 3 and four axle turntables 2 and the tool magazine 7 that is inlaid with side by side three main shafts, enough becomes three spindle vertical machining center lathes.
2: the lower plane of crossbearer 5 is fixedly mounted on the front upper step surface of base 1, and the upper plane of crossbeam 5, be connected with saddle 6 by slide rail, slide block, and saddle 6 be take motor as driving, and nut, screw rod are transmission mechanism, drives saddle 6 and makes X-axis left and right directions sliding motion; The lower plane of column 4, be connected to by slide rail, slide block on the upper plane of saddle 6, and column 4 be take motor as driving, and nut, screw rod are transmission mechanism, drives column 4 and make Y-axis fore-and-aft direction sliding motion; The leading flank of main tapping 3, be connected to by slide rail, slide block on the trailing flank of column 4, and main tapping 3 be take motor as driving, and nut, screw rod are transmission mechanism, drives three main shafts and make Z axis above-below direction sliding motion.Control by system command, form X-axis, Y-axis, Z-axis linkage function.
The lower plane of 3: four axle turntables 2 be fixedly connected on base 1 after appear on the stage on terrace, two disks are fixed together by middle bridge plate.Take motor as driving, and worm gear, worm screw are transmission mechanism, drive disk and bridge plate, make positive and negative 360 degree and rotatablely move, and form the 4th s function.Control by system command, can form four-axle linked function.
4: the lower plane of tool magazine 7 pedestals is fixedly mounted on the upper plane of base 1, take air pressure as driving, and cylinder, piston are transmission mechanism, drives cutter holder and cutter sliding motion before and after Y-direction is done, and forms and send cutter and unload the cutter function; Take motor as driving, and worm gear, worm screw are transmission mechanism, and drive chain and cutter holder and cutter are made 360 degree and rotatablely moved, and at three groups of sensors, coordinate respectively each root main shaft to detect the function of cutter formation and three main shaft while tool changing under the cooperation of main tapping 3.
5. can realize four-axle linked and three cutter function of exchange simultaneously.
According to the described three shaft vertical processing center machine bed structures of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that described and three main shafts join four axle turntables and can rotate simultaneously, realize cutting function.Three main shafts can coordinate three main shafts to grab cutter and tool changing function simultaneously with tool magazine 7.
Operating principle of the present invention:
Operating principle of the present invention is: the mechanism that is slidably connected between saddle 6, column 4 and main tapping 3, provide driving force by servomotor, and all transmission mechanisms, control by the CNC digital control system.When operation sequence needs the X-direction motion, the servo motor enabled instruction of CNC control system output mobile saddle 6 side-to-side movements, motor starting, and drive saddle 6 side-to-side movements by ball screw, nut, slide rail and slide block; When operation sequence needs the Y-direction motion, the servo motor enabled instruction that CNC control system output mobile column 4 seesaws, motor starting, and seesaw by ball screw, nut, slide rail and slide block drive column 4; When operation sequence needs the Z-direction motion, the servo motor enabled instruction that CNC control system output mobile main tapping 3 moves up and down, motor starting, and move up and down by ball screw, nut, slide rail and slide block drive main tapping 3; After the instruction that obtains the cutting of CNC system, three Spindle Motors start, and drive three main shafts and cutting tool rotation, enter cutting process; When operation sequence needs four axle turntables to rotatablely move, the servo motor enabled instruction that four axle turntables 2 rotatablely move is rotated in the output of CNC control system, motor starting, and drive four axle turntable 2 positive and negative rotation motions by worm screw, worm gear; When operation sequence need be selected cutter, the servo motor enabled instruction that tool magazine 7 rotatablely moves is rotated in the output of CNC control system, stop at the cutter spacing needed, PLC control system output order, the Y-direction motion forward of control cylinder, piston driving tool magazine 7, be parked in desired location, wait main tapping 3 is grabbed cutter, control column 4 motor startings by CNC, drive main tapping 3 enters grabs cutter position, main tapping 3 motor startings, and the drive main shaft is grabbed three main shafts of cutter downwards and is grabbed cutter simultaneously, then column 4 motor startings drive main tappings 3 leave and grab cutter position, carry out next step procedure.Four axle turntable 2 motor startings, rotatablely move by worm gear, positive and negative 360 degree of worm screw band action.Can do X, Y, the four-axle linked motion of Z, U.When three main tappings 3 complete procedure, in the time of need to renewing cutter, at the existing cutter of three main tappings 3, to be put back into the empty cutter holder of tool magazine 7 position, could carry out the action of grabbing new cutter.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 tri-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure figure.
Fig. 2 tri-spindle vertical machining center lathe exploded views.
The specific embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, three shaft vertical machining centers, include base 1, crossbeam 5 is fixedly mounted on the upper plane of base 1, the upper planar slide of crossbearer 5 is provided with saddle 6, the upper plane of saddle 6 slidably connects column 4, the trailing flank of column 4 slidably connects main tapping 3, main tapping 3 can be installed three main shafts simultaneously side by side, the lower plane of column 4 is slidably connected on the upper plane of saddle 6, the lower plane of saddle 6 is slidably connected on the upper plane of crossbearer 5, so three main shafts in main tapping 4 can be with main tapping 3, column 4, saddle 6 can be made the left and right X-axis, the front and back Y-axis, upper and lower Z-direction motion, be installed with tool magazine 7 with two column inboards of crossbearer 5 on the step surface of base 1 front end, be installed with four axle turntables 2 on the step surface of base 1 rear end, four axle turntables 2 are to be fixedly mounted on the rear end step surface of base 1, be fixedly connected with bridge plate on four axle turntable two ends disks, bridge plate can be around Y, the Z plane is made 360 degree and is rotatablely moved, realize four-axle linked function, the front end that tool magazine 7 is mounted in base 1 terrace of appearing on the stage, in two crotch of crossbearer 5, by cylinder, motor chain-driving cutter holder and cutter are done front and back and are rotatablely moved, detecting cutter at three groups of sensors coordinates realization to send cutter and tool changing function.

Claims (3)

1. three shaft vertical machining centers, it is characterized in that: include base (1), crossbeam (5) is fixedly mounted on the upper plane of base (1), the upper planar slide of crossbearer (5) is provided with saddle (6), the upper plane of saddle (6) slidably connects column (4), the trailing flank of column (4) slidably connects main tapping (3), main tapping (3) can be installed three main shafts simultaneously side by side, the lower plane of column (4) is slidably connected on the upper plane of saddle (6), the lower plane of saddle (6) is slidably connected on the upper plane of crossbearer (5), so three main shafts in main tapping (4) can be with main tapping (3), column (4), saddle (6) can be done left and right (X-axis), front and back (Y-axis), (Z axis) direction motion up and down, be installed with tool magazine (7) with two column inboards of crossbearer (5) on the step surface of base (1) front end, be installed with four axle turntables (2) on the step surface of base (1) rear end.
2. three spindle vertical machining centers according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described four axle turntables (2) are to be fixedly mounted on the rear end step surface of base (1), be fixedly connected with bridge plate on four axle turntable two ends disks, bridge plate can be made around the X-axis plane 360 degree and rotatablely move, and realizes four-axle linked function.
3. three spindle vertical machining centers according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the front end that described tool magazine (7) is mounted in base (1) is appeared on the stage in two crotch of terrace, crossbearer (5), seesaw and rotatablely move by cylinder, motor chain-driving cutter holder and cutter, realize sending cutter and tool changing function.
CN2013103763359A 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center Pending CN103465110A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013103763359A CN103465110A (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013103763359A CN103465110A (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103465110A true CN103465110A (en) 2013-12-25

Family

ID=49790274

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013103763359A Pending CN103465110A (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103465110A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104842222A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-19 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machining center using four-shaft hydraulic clamping clamp
CN105058077A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-11-18 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Waterproof and chip-preventing four-axis-linkage machining center
CN106670809A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-17 沈阳机床成套设备有限责任公司 Numerically-controlled machine tool for finish machining of big and small head holes of fracture splitting connecting rod of engine
CN109623418A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-04-16 江苏大卫精工科技有限公司 A kind of special purpose vehicle spare and accessory parts machining center

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050085359A1 (en) * 2002-12-05 2005-04-21 Hinrich Stave Machine tools
CN201186387Y (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-01-28 南京四开数控系统工程技术有限公司 Gantry type double rotary table NC milling machine
CN101480777A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-07-15 苏州江南电梯(集团)有限公司 Five-shaft linkage numerical control machining center
CN101480780A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-07-15 苏州江南电梯(集团)有限公司 Machining center with combined tool magazine
CN102528569A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 杭州光大机械有限公司 High-efficiency numerical control machine tool of vertical machining center
CN103213034A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-24 北京力准机械制造有限公司 Multi-axis machining center structure
CN203679941U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-07-02 安徽省鸿庆精机有限公司 Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050085359A1 (en) * 2002-12-05 2005-04-21 Hinrich Stave Machine tools
CN201186387Y (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-01-28 南京四开数控系统工程技术有限公司 Gantry type double rotary table NC milling machine
CN101480777A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-07-15 苏州江南电梯(集团)有限公司 Five-shaft linkage numerical control machining center
CN101480780A (en) * 2009-01-24 2009-07-15 苏州江南电梯(集团)有限公司 Machining center with combined tool magazine
CN102528569A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 杭州光大机械有限公司 High-efficiency numerical control machine tool of vertical machining center
CN103213034A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-24 北京力准机械制造有限公司 Multi-axis machining center structure
CN203679941U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-07-02 安徽省鸿庆精机有限公司 Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104842222A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-19 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Machining center using four-shaft hydraulic clamping clamp
CN105058077A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-11-18 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Waterproof and chip-preventing four-axis-linkage machining center
CN106670809A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-17 沈阳机床成套设备有限责任公司 Numerically-controlled machine tool for finish machining of big and small head holes of fracture splitting connecting rod of engine
CN109623418A (en) * 2018-12-05 2019-04-16 江苏大卫精工科技有限公司 A kind of special purpose vehicle spare and accessory parts machining center
CN109623418B (en) * 2018-12-05 2021-03-16 江苏大卫精工科技有限公司 Special automobile spare and accessory part machining center

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201823983U (en) Gantry five-axis linkage numerical control machining tool
CN201505754U (en) Multi-main shaft numerically controlled machining center
CN201427188Y (en) Square machine tool of multifunctional numerical control lathe
CN102151883A (en) Multihead synchronous or asynchronous carving (drilling) milling numerical control processing equipment
CN1562557A (en) Elevated platform type automatic processing center of lathe and milling machine of five shafts
CN201423532Y (en) Numerical control machine
CN101829930B (en) Engine cylinder head numerical control machine for floating ship
CN102126134B (en) Five-axis five-linkage inversion type turn-mill combined machining device
CN2686795Y (en) Overhead five-shaft linkage machine tool
CN108311904A (en) A kind of five axis Compositions of metal-working machines of horizontal cradle structure
CN103465110A (en) Machine tool structure with three-spindle vertical machining center
CN200988148Y (en) Combined machine tool
CN102059405A (en) Five-axis automatically cutter changing numerically controlled chamfering machine
CN106424867A (en) Cycloid rotational indexing-based novel vertical milling machine
CN102029522A (en) Four-axis four-linkage inverted turning and milling combined machining device
CN201776618U (en) Multistation modular machine tool
CN101518879A (en) Machine tool radial feed system
CN209632648U (en) Clamped one time completes the numerical control machining center of cabinet processing
CN202684612U (en) Numerical control gantry machining center machine
CN201969964U (en) Numerical control gear chamfering machine
CN203679941U (en) Three-spindle vertical machining center machine tool structure
CN202951908U (en) Six-station milling machine
CN205096847U (en) Multiaxis is from chip removal formula numerically controlled fraise machine equipment
CN201931329U (en) Processing center machine tool
CN204504406U (en) A point chamfering all-in-one is revolved in numerical control gear hobbing

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20131225

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication