CN2519668Y - Thorax moving asistant physical therapy instrument - Google Patents

Thorax moving asistant physical therapy instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2519668Y
CN2519668Y CN 01275987 CN01275987U CN2519668Y CN 2519668 Y CN2519668 Y CN 2519668Y CN 01275987 CN01275987 CN 01275987 CN 01275987 U CN01275987 U CN 01275987U CN 2519668 Y CN2519668 Y CN 2519668Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
thorax
assist
gasbag
thoracic
Prior art date
Application number
CN 01275987
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李国荣
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李国荣
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Priority to CN 01275987 priority Critical patent/CN2519668Y/en
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Publication of CN2519668Y publication Critical patent/CN2519668Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a thoracic exercise-assisting physiotherapy instrument which comprises gasbag type thoracic exercise-assisting clothes. The gasbag type thoracic exercise-assisting clothes are connected to a compressed air storing device or a compressor via a pipe, and the pipe is provided with an air inlet electromagnetic valve and an air outlet electromagnetic valve which are alternatively opened and closed to realize charging and discharging of the gasbag, and a controller which provides a controlling signal to coordinate actions are connected to the air inlet and air outlet electromagnetic valves via wires. Further the gasbag type thoracic exercise-assisting clothes is provided with a pressure-position sensor which provides feedback signal to the controller to make exercise-assisting power and physiological process coordinated. The instrument not only realizes to help thoracic systolic-diastolic motion but also assists treatments of various circulatory system diseases such as respiratory insufficiency due to various reasons, which can also promotes gastrointestinal peristalsis and blood circulation of abdominal organs via indirect massage to abdominal visceras, therefore helping treat various digestive system diseases.

Description

Thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus
Invention field
This utility model belongs to a kind of new physical therapy apparatus in the biomedical engineering field, exactly relate to a kind of thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus, the respiratory insufficiency that this instrument can the auxiliary treatment a variety of causes causes, emphysema, chronic tracheitis, respiratory system disease and cardiac insufficiencys such as asthma, coronary heart disease, hypertension, multiple blood circulation diseases such as arrhythmia.
Background technology
Respiratory movement is that the periodicity by respiratory muscle is relaxed and contracted, change chest volume, and then changes intrapulmonic pressure power and realize gas turnover alveolar.Therefore, no matter be to change the thoracic cavity volume by active or passive form, can realize the suction and the exhalation activity of gas.Under the normal condition, provide power by the respiratory muscle active movement.If but when exhaling, reduce chest volume with the method for extruding, and then can promote gas and discharge, when air-breathing, loosen, the thorax tissue will recover original volume under the promotion of natural elasticity power, gas is sucked.So just can realize certain tidal volume under external force, and reduce the acting of body self muscle, reduce energy expenditure.Under the general breathing condition, can low push thorax in end-tidal, thorax is further dwindled than the volume of nature end-tidal, parameters such as the time of extruding, intensity, the degree of depth and speed can be regulated as required.Because thorax has the elasticity potential energy during by dynamic deformation, to have a certain amount of mechanical energy in the extrusion process changes mechanical potential energy into and is stored in the thoracic wall tissue, at the inspiratory phase thoracic expansion, these potential energies discharge, the thoracic cavity rate of expansion strengthens, help to increase the thoracic cavity volume, promote the gas suction and reduce air-breathing muscle working, realize the effect of thorax power-assist thus.Therefore this just needs a kind of instrument to realize helping the easypro motion of contracting of thorax.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus, this instrument can realize helping the easypro motion of contracting of thorax, and the respiratory insufficiency that this instrument can the auxiliary treatment a variety of causes causes, emphysema, chronic tracheitis, respiratory system disease and cardiac insufficiencys such as asthma, coronary heart disease, hypertension, multiple blood circulation diseases such as arrhythmia, also can help the multiple digestive system disease of treatment by the indirect massage of abdominal viscera being promoted gastrointestinal peristalsis and abdomen organ's blood circulation.
The principle of thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus of the present utility model is by the easypro motion of contracting that provides auxiliary power to help thorax to thorax, changes thoracic cavity internal volume, pressure, pressure/time, etc. physiological parameter, reaches the purpose of assisted respiartion and assist circulation.The intensity and the degree of depth of auxiliary power are regulated as required.Rhythm can be synchronous with respiratory movement or cardiac cycle, also can be asynchronous, decide on therapeutic purposes.This instrument is by " gasbag-type power-assist clothing ", and periodically pushing thorax provides power to thorax, realizes helping the purpose of the easypro motion of contracting of thorax.
The purpose of this utility model realizes by following technical proposals, thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus of the present utility model comprises gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing, these gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing are connected in a Compressed Gas storage device or a compressor by pipeline, on described pipeline, be provided with the air inlet electromagnetic valve and the electromagnetic valve of giving vent to anger alternately opening and closing realizing the inflation and the aerofluxus of air bag, controller by line connect air inlet, the electromagnetic valve of giving vent to anger to be to provide control signal with coordination.
Also can be provided with a pressure-position sensor so that provide feedback signal so that power-assist power and physiological process are coordinated at its described gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing to controller.
Described gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing are a clip type vest of being made by hard material, it is formed with hard shell, inner face line with rubber film forms the airbag chamber that seals between hard shell and rubber membrane, airbag chamber is connected with the compressed air storage device by pipeline.During use, the clip type vest is worn in upper body as upper garment, surrounds whole chest front and rear wall.When the increase of inflation seasonal epidemic pathogens capsule volume, owing to be subjected to the restriction of hard shell cover in the outside, air bag can not expand outwardly, so inwardly oppress thoracic wall, the thoracic cavity that air bag is surrounded is tending towards dwindling, and reaches the purpose of pushing thorax.
The hard shell of described gasbag-type power-assist clothing by the high-strength polyurethane material by touching the tool die cast.The overall dimensions of air bag clothes hard shell has different size, forms tandem product, and the human body that is suitable for different statures uses.
From angle of physiology, in fact the contraction of thorax and diastole can play two kinds of effects.First driving gas turnover mobile " air pump " effect realizes respiratory function.It two is effects of blood circulation being played donkey pump.Understanding was more shallow in the past for back one effect people, but recently, this mechanism has begun progressively revealed when people study the principle of external cardiac massage cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and understanding, but remove at present when heart beating gathers the recovery that stops, in the clinical practice " the circulation assosting effect that thorax is transported to " this principle and mechanism are not also used, more do not made full use of this mechanism and realize the corresponding physiotherapeutic instruments of therapeutic purposes.This device promptly is by periodically pushing thoracic wall, help the diastole and the contractile motion of thorax, reaching the device that strengthens above-mentioned two kinds " pumps " effect.If regulate the parameter such as squeeze pressure, intensity, the degree of depth, speed, rhythm of thorax consciously, then can play the assosting effect of good heart atraumatic.Under the condition that increases with the expiratory phase resistance, help the realization of heart assistance function especially.This will be a kind of simple and practical supplementary mode concerning a large amount of late period heart failure patient.Has the important clinical meaning.In addition, by the thorax power-assist, can also reach following purpose: 1. reduce and breathe the muscle work done; 2. reduce the function Residual volume, increase tidal volume; 3. by alternately sexually revising intrathoracic pressure power, blood circulation promoting helps blood flow, promotes veins of lower extremity blood to reflux, and prevents thrombosis; 4. promote the sputum in the little air flue to discharge when exhaling; 5. by the indirect massage of abdominal viscera being promoted gastrointestinal peristalsis and abdomen organ's blood circulation, help the multiple digestive system disease of treatment.
The principle that realizes the thorax power-assist by gasbag-type power-assist clothing is:
Based on aforementioned physiology and medical research achievement, thoracic cavity volume and pressure change actual two kinds of effects playing breathing gas pump and blood circulation donkey pump.Therefore can utilize external force to help movement of thorax, reach the purpose of artificial assisted respiartion or artificial assist circulation to strengthen the effect of these two kinds of pumps.Can also strengthen different assosting effect respectively, to obtain different treatment effects by adjusting different parameters (as pressure, frequency, the degree of depth, parameters such as intensity, speed) to breathing or heart.In order to realize that whole thoracic wall is evenly exerted pressure low, this device adopts that the air bag that is attached at the thoracic wall surface is periodically inflated, aerofluxus pushes thoracic wall, realizes the thorax power-assist.
Description of drawings
Further describe this utility model thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, wherein:
Sketch map when Fig. 1 is this utility model thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus user mode;
Fig. 2 is the gasbag-type power-assist clothing sketch map of this utility model thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus;
Fig. 3 is the generalized section along the line A-A of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 A, 4B and 4C are respectively the sketch map of the connected mode of gasbag-type power-assist clothing.
The specific embodiment
At first referring to Fig. 1-3, the thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus of utility model comprises gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing 1, these gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing 1 are connected in a Compressed Gas storage device (or compressor) 3 by pipeline 2, shown in pipeline 2 on be provided with air inlet electromagnetic valve 4 and the electromagnetic valve 5 of giving vent to anger alternately opening and closing realizing the inflation and the aerofluxus of air bag, controller 6 connects give vent to anger electromagnetic valve 4 and give vent to anger electromagnetic valve 5 to provide control signal with coordination of air inlet by line.Also can be provided with a pressure-position sensor (not shown) so that provide feedback signal so that power-assist power and physiological process are coordinated at its described gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing to controller.
Described gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing 1 are a clip type vest of being made by hard material, as shown in the figure, it is formed with hard shell 1A and inner face lining rubber membrane 1B, form the airbag chamber of sealing between hard shell 1A and rubber membrane 1B, airbag chamber is connected with compressed air storage device 3 by pipeline 2.The hard shell 1A of gasbag-type power-assist clothing 1 by the high-strength polyurethane material by touching the tool die cast.The overall dimensions of gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing 1 hard shell has different size, forms tandem product, and the human body that is suitable for different statures uses.The duricrust wall thickness is 2 millimeters.The liner air bag is made of the high-strength rubber thin film, pastes the medial surface of lining at hard folder shell, so promptly forms the blister cavities of sealing between rubber film and hard shell, see Fig. 3, it is connected with pipeline 2, and the blister cavities volume increases when air inlet, inwardly compresses thoracic wall (as the arrow direction).On the contrary, volume-diminished during the blister cavities aerofluxus helps thorax to open again.
The gasbag-type power-assist clothing of selecting during use to adapt with stature are worn in the human chest (see figure 1), and air inlet pipeline 2 is connected with Compressed Gas reservoir 3.Pipeline 2 is by import and export electromagnetic valve 4 and 5 controls.When air inlet electromagnetic valve 4 was opened, the electromagnetic valve 5 of giving vent to anger was closed, and gas enters air bag.When air inlet electromagnetic valve 5 was closed, the electromagnetic valve 4 of giving vent to anger was opened, and gas is discharged from air bag.The signal controlling that inlet, outlet electromagnetic valve 4 and 5 alternating movement and rhythm are sent by controller 6.Inflation pressure is at the 1-3 atmospheric pressure, and speed is at 0.5L/ branch-100L/ branch, and frequency was regulated between 5-120 time/minute, decided as required.For the ease of use, the hard shell of hard air bag clothes, separated from each other on the pro-posterior midline, see Fig. 4 A-4C, its rear wall median line is connected the both sides duricrust with the stranded H connected mode of lotus leaf type.So the both sides duricrust can the rear wall center line be axle rotation opening and closing, is convenient to dress.The antetheca median line is closing up the back by the stranded L of slide fastener, and wherein Fig. 4 B is a closed condition, and Fig. 4 C is an open mode.
Shown Compressed Gas storage device or compressor, the import and export electromagnetic valve, controller, devices such as pressure-position sensor can be chosen existing goods, no special technical requirement.

Claims (3)

1. thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus, it is characterized in that it comprises gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing, these gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing are connected in a Compressed Gas storage device or a compressor by pipeline, on described pipeline, be provided with the air inlet electromagnetic valve and the electromagnetic valve of giving vent to anger alternately opening and closing realizing the inflation and the aerofluxus of air bag, controller by line connect air inlet, the electromagnetic valve of giving vent to anger to be to provide control signal with coordination.
2. thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus according to claim 1 is characterized in that described gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing also can be provided with a pressure-position sensor so that provide feedback signal so that power-assist power and physiological process are coordinated to controller.
3. thorax power-assist physical therapy apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described gasbag-type thorax power-assist clothing are a clip type vest of being made by hard material, it is formed with hard shell, inner face line with rubber film, form the airbag chamber of sealing between hard shell and rubber membrane, airbag chamber is connected with the compressed air storage device by pipeline.
CN 01275987 2001-12-07 2001-12-07 Thorax moving asistant physical therapy instrument CN2519668Y (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008000111A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2008-01-03 Wu, Guifu Neonate or infant pulsating wear
CN1947676B (en) * 2006-09-22 2011-01-12 中国人民解放军第四五四医院 Electromagnetic-aiding breathing apparatus
CN102641207A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-22 杭州正大医疗器械有限公司 Lung functional rehabilitation instrument
CN102764492A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-11-07 徐赤坤 Abdominal respiration training device
CN103120828A (en) * 2006-09-21 2013-05-29 科维蒂恩股份公司 Safety connector assembly
CN103494704A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-08 文加斌 Electromagnetic power sputum excretion machine with exhaust protection function
CN103908400A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-09 山东梁山三利树脂有限公司 Blood circulation promoting instrument
CN104840351A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-19 韩锋 Wearable external chest compression respirator synchronous to expiratory phase
CN106667521A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-17 西南大学 Waistcoat-type electronic diagnostic apparatus for pigs
CN111568659A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-25 上海大学绍兴研究院 Negative pressure hydrops drainage bed

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008000111A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2008-01-03 Wu, Guifu Neonate or infant pulsating wear
CN103120828A (en) * 2006-09-21 2013-05-29 科维蒂恩股份公司 Safety connector assembly
CN1947676B (en) * 2006-09-22 2011-01-12 中国人民解放军第四五四医院 Electromagnetic-aiding breathing apparatus
CN102641207A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-08-22 杭州正大医疗器械有限公司 Lung functional rehabilitation instrument
CN102764492A (en) * 2012-08-10 2012-11-07 徐赤坤 Abdominal respiration training device
CN102764492B (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-09-24 徐赤坤 Abdominal respiration training device
CN103494704A (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-01-08 文加斌 Electromagnetic power sputum excretion machine with exhaust protection function
CN103494704B (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-09-30 文加斌 There is the electromagnetic power sputum drainage machine of aerofluxus defencive function
CN103908400A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-09 山东梁山三利树脂有限公司 Blood circulation promoting instrument
CN104840351A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-19 韩锋 Wearable external chest compression respirator synchronous to expiratory phase
CN106667521A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-17 西南大学 Waistcoat-type electronic diagnostic apparatus for pigs
CN111568659A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-25 上海大学绍兴研究院 Negative pressure hydrops drainage bed

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