CN2502190Y - Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons - Google Patents

Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN2502190Y
CN2502190Y CN 01263270 CN01263270U CN2502190Y CN 2502190 Y CN2502190 Y CN 2502190Y CN 01263270 CN01263270 CN 01263270 CN 01263270 U CN01263270 U CN 01263270U CN 2502190 Y CN2502190 Y CN 2502190Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
heat exchanger
outlet
valve
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 01263270
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈则韶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Original Assignee
University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by University of Science and Technology of China USTC filed Critical University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Priority to CN 01263270 priority Critical patent/CN2502190Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2502190Y publication Critical patent/CN2502190Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Air Conditioning Control Device (AREA)
  • Other Air-Conditioning Systems (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons, which is characterized in that: the outdoor unit of the prior air conditioner is added with a water cooling heat exchanger and a three-port diverting electromagnetic valve. A restrictor, which has a triangle-shaped throttling net which consists of a double capillary and four single-direction valve or three main throttling elements, improves the controlling system of the original air conditioner so that the device can conveniently conduct the six circulating manners and has the advantages that: the cooling is increased and the hot water is obtained in summer; heating is not reduced, the hot water is supplied and the no more electricity is consumed in winter; compared with the electric water apparatus, during the hot water production, 70 percent of the electricity is saved and half of the time is saved by the utility model in spring and autumn. Hereby, the utility model solves the difficulty in the selling of air conditioners in different seasons and the great electricity consumption of the electric water apparatus, and can bring great benefit to the producers and the users.

Description

Energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons
Technical field:
The utility model relates to the combined apparatus and the power-saving technology of air conditioner and water heater.
Background technology:
To the outdoor environment discharges heat, winter, spring, autumn were generally by idle to indoor heating gas when existing air conditioner freezed summer.The actual coefficient of refrigerating performance of air-conditioner or coefficient of heat supply (COP) are about 2.8~3.0, air-conditioner summer of general 1.5 horsepowers (1.1KW) electrical power or all can obtain the cold or the heat of 2.8~3.0 times of its electrical power winter.Domestic, electric water heater all will be used throughout the year, and three-person household is heated to 50 ℃ with warm washing water's 120 kg from 20 ℃ and calculates, about 4.2 degree of day power consumption, and about 1500 degree of year power consumption, visible electric heater is the very big household electrical appliance of a kind of power consumption.The electric energy consumption of saving electric heater is energy-conservation big problem.By retrieval, existing when utilizing the air-conditioner refrigeration condenser be discharged into the heat that does not utilize in the atmosphere and come heat hot water to have to comprise that the patent No. is 15 of 85202970,90201632,90217674,93206750.6,94216590,94237059,95222060,95237765,95228722 utility models with the utility model of this principle of energy savings, above-listed these several utility model patents do not combine with the cold-warm type air-conditioning device; Patent of invention has binomial: 90109269.X " be used to regulate the method for air and supplying hot/cold water " the condenser of refrigeration machine and evaporimeter all earlier with first, second fluid exchange, then again with the water exchange, become hot water and cold water and use; 92110270.4, " refrigerating heat pump hot water apparatus " be specifically designed to and add hot water.The mode that above patent adopted roughly can be summed up as two classes: a class changes air-cooled condenser into water-cooled condenser; Another kind ofly before air-cooled condenser inlet, increase water-cooled condenser behind the exhaust outlet of compressor.Last class scheme is fit to do Teat pump boiler, but because of summer very big with air conditioning quantity, the water yield that water-cooled condenser need consume is also very big, only depends on the domestic consumption can't balance, and is with causing the waste of big water gaging, inadvisable in the city of lack of water; Back one class scheme can be taken into account room air cooling and supply domestic water in summer, but must influence heating gas winter when heat-obtaining water.Above-mentioned these schemes or heat supply water throughout the year, or the gas that can not heat again, its energy-conservation being only limited to is utilized condensation heat heating domestic water summer, does not oppositely utilize available energy contained in the cold water to increase refrigerating capacity, still can not improve usage ratio of equipment.
The patent No. be 97227264.X's " energy-saving air conditioner drags water heater " propose in the cooling and heating air conditioner loop, to set up two-position four-way valve and two two position three-way valves with five air chambers, make device carry out the function of refrigeration gas, hot gas, hot water respectively separately.Though this device can obtain hot water throughout the year, can not when refrigeration gas, obtain hot water simultaneously; The patent No. is " the changes in temperature room air conditioner of hot water can be provided " of 95246577.9, has increased the water tank of the bypass of one section capillary, two sections charged magnet valves, charged heater and heat exchanger in the refrigerating circuit that has two indoor set air-conditioners; The link position of its magnetic valve (23) limits: " go back cross-over connection between described capillary (22), (12), (13) and between described solenoid directional control valve (9) and the liquid reservoir (7) one magnetic valve (23) is arranged "; Because its liquid reservoir is to be connected to compressor inlet, so an end and the liquid reservoir of magnetic valve (23) connect, then the interface that joins of magnetic valve (23) and reversal valve (9) also should be the low pressure port with the liquid reservoir equipressure, and mention in this patent specification " when being set at the hot water mode; the air-conditioner running; compressor (8) is with the high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant warp ... the heat exchanger (26) in the water tank (25); ... solenoid directional control valve (9), magnetic valve (23), capillary (22), (12), filter (11), after the throttling step-down in the heat exchanger (10) of the outer unit of inlet chamber, last low pressure refrigerant gas is by magnetic valve (9), liquid reservoir (10) is got back to compressor (8), and magnetic valve (24) is to be in closed condition." but can't realize this circulation according to the connection method of the magnetic valve (23) of its claim; the one, because magnetic valve (23) one ends are in low mouthful; even firmly the high-pressure outlet of magnetic valve (23) low-pressure end reconfiguration; cold-producing medium also can not flow through capillary (22), (12), and the capillary (12) of can only flowing through in solenoid directional control valve (9).This patent can not realize heating separately the circulation of water effectively, and also unresolved winter heating water more can not utilize available energy contained in the cold water to the influence of heating gas.
The patent No. is a kind of idle call refrigeration/thermal storage heat/hot system that adopts reverse-flow subcooler of 961212217, provides a kind of and has made the cold-producing medium that flows out from condenser in the kind of refrigeration cycle cross method cold and the raising refrigerating capacity by cold-storage water.But this patent does not relate to the problem with the water heater logotype.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model is the deficiency that overcomes existing air conditioner and electric heater, a kind of electric energy of not only can 100% saving electric heater in summer is proposed, it is energy-conservation to utilize the cold energy of cooling water to increase the economic benefits and social benefits of refrigerating capacity, and both can not reduce air conditioner Central Heating Providing ability in the winter time, can not obtain to power consumption warm water in addition again, spring and autumn can be made the usefulness of independent heat pump type water heater, can both bring into play the energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons of energy-conserving action throughout the year, be designated hereinafter simply as three-way set.
Energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of this four seasons comprises that protection system four major parts are controlled in off-premises station (O), indoor set (I), water heater and the operation of air conditioner; Described indoor set (I) comprises indoor air cooling heat exchanger (V), indoor machine fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD), and indoor temperature transmitter (K1), indoor coil pipe sensor (K2), the interface (V with off-premises station is left at the two ends of its connecting tube 1), (V 2); Described off-premises station (O) comprises compressor (C), two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T), off-premises station heat exchanger, outdoor machine fan (F1), defrost controller (R), device for drying and filtering (G), flow controller (J), liquid reservoir (Q), and the interface (O with indoor set is left at the two ends of its connecting tube 1), (O 2); Indoor set (I) and off-premises station (O) connect to form air conditioner refrigeration/soft circulation circuit by connecting line (L5), (L6), and cold-producing medium is housed in the loop; Described water heater comprises that water storage tank (H), heater, temperature show control sensor (K), and water storage tank has water inlet and water out, and the water storage tank outside is surrounded by heat-insulation layer; Described operation control protection system comprises whole electrical apparatus control systems of existing air conditioner: the indoor master control borad (IB) of indoor set (I), the outdoor control panel (OB) of off-premises station (O), the contactor executive component and the remote controller of electrical equipment running gear; The control system that also comprises existing electric heater: the switch (UK) and the safety guard thereof of electric heater (U); Inlet (the C of the compressor in the off-premises station (C) 1) be connected four way solenoid valve (T) low pressure gas outlet (T with the outlet of receiver (Q) 3) with the inlet (q of receiver (Q) 1) be connected, four way solenoid valve (T) removes high pressure gas import (T 1) outer two other last interface: an interface (T 2) with the high pressure air intake (S of the air cooling heat exchanger (S) of outdoor heat exchanger 1) be connected another interface (T 4) be connected to the interface (O of off-premises station 2), again through tube connector (L6) and indoor set air-cooled condenser interface (V 2) join;
It is characterized in that:
The outdoor heat exchanger of described off-premises station (O) is made up of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) of the refrigerant passage control usefulness of shared water cooling heat exchanger (B) of outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (S), cold air-conditioner and water heater and heat exchanger; Described flow controller (J) is by restricting element and four check valves (P1), (P2), (P3) and the double loop bidirectional throttle mechanism that (P4) forms; This restricting element is made up of restricting element (J1) and restricting element (J2);
The connected mode of described outdoor heat exchanger assembly is: the exhaust outlet (C of compressor (C) 2) with the inlet (D of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) 1) be connected; One of outlet of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) (often opening) (D 2) with the high pressure gas of two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T) inlet (T 1) be connected another outlet (normally closed) (D 3) with the inlet (B of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1) be connected, also the outlet with two check valves (P1) and (P2) is connected altogether; Outlet (the B of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) join with restricting element (J1) inlet, can be connected in series filter (G) therebetween; Filter (G) also can be serially connected in other place of the flow channel for liquids of refrigerant loop; The outlet of restricting element (J1) divides two tunnel, one tunnel inlet that meets check valve (P3), and another road connects the inlet of check valve (P4), and outlet (P4) connects the inlet of restricting element (J2), and restricting element (J2) is for heating auxiliary throttle capillary tube; The inlet of the outlet of check valve (P3) and check valve (P2) and the interface (O that is stayed with off-premises station 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet that heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) reaches with the inlet of check valve (P1) and is connected with the port (S2) from compressor (C) far-end of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S); The position that heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) and check valve (P4) can exchange;
Described water cooling heat exchanger (B) is provided with cold water entry interface (b 1) and hot water effluent's interface (b 2), (b 1) stay with the water intaking valve (W1) of running water pipe and be connected (b 2) stay with the water inlet or the spray head of user's hot water water storage tank (H) and be connected, tube connector therebetween can have segment section to make water-cooled coil pipe (A) to be close to the compressor barrel.
The multifunctional electromagnetic valves (also claiming the indirect type magnetic valve) that two reversing solenoid valves of described gas circuit threeway (D) preferably are made of auxilliary valve of electromagnetism and pneumatic main valve, when adopting this kind reversal valve, the common low pressure exhaust outlet (d of its auxilliary valve 4) need to export (T with the low pressure gas of four way solenoid valve (T) 3) to the inlet (C of compressor (C) 1) between low pressure line be connected; Two reversing solenoid valves of described gas circuit threeway (D) can utilize two reversing solenoid valves transformations of the way of the existing Pneumatic four-way identical with used two reversing solenoid valves of Pneumatic four-way (T) on the cold-producing medium major loop to form, the transformation of the way and method of attachment are that the public exhaust outlet of the main valve of two reversing solenoid valves of existing Pneumatic four-way is blocked, and the disconnection that is connected of the common exhaust pipe of the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve and main valve, again the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve change into off-premises station (O) in the low pressure gas outlet (T of two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T) 3) to the connection of the low pressure line between liquid reservoir (Q) air intake, and shut the osculum that stays that cuts off on the main valve common exhaust pipe when assisting valve common low pressure blast pipe.
The triangle throttling net that described flow controller (J) also can be made up of three main restricting elements (J1), (J2), (J3) is equipped with two auxiliary throttle capillary tubes (J4) and (J5) and two check valves (P5) and (P6) form; Its connected mode be restricting element (J1), (J2) inlet totally one end be connected the outlet (B of the coolant channel of the inlet of check valve (P5) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) with the outlet of check valve (P5) 2) connect, can be connected in series filter (G) therebetween; One end (J3a) of the outlet of restricting element (J1) and capillary flow element (J3) is connected the interface (O that the other end and off-premises station stayed (J4) altogether with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J4) 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet of restricting element (J2) is connected with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J5) altogether with the other end (J3b) of capillary flow element (J3), and the other end (J5) is connected with the port (S2) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S); Check valve (P6) is in parallel with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J5), and inlet (P6) is connected with the port (S2) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S), and the outlet of outlet (P6) and restricting element (J2) is joined; The length of auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J4), (J5) can be regulated according to the concrete condition of different type of machines, can save sometimes.
The combination heater that the heater of described water heater also can be made up of water cooling heat exchanger (B) and electric heater (U); Described water cooling heat exchanger (B) is a contra-flow heat exchanger of placing coil pipe in the tube, flow system cryogen in the coil pipe, the outer circulating water of pipe in the tube, or double pipe heat exchanger; Electric heater (U) can be installed in the top water layer of cartridge type water cooling heat exchanger (B), or is installed in the bottom water layer of water storage tank (H).
Two reversing solenoid valves of described gas circuit threeway (D) also can be by two unidirectional electrical magnet valves (Da) and (Db) replace, at this moment, magnetic valve (Da) and inlet (Db) all with the exhaust outlet (C of compressor (C) 2) join, outlet (Da) and (Db) respectively with the high pressure gas inlet (T of four-way change-over valve (T) 1) and the refrigerant inlet (B of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1) be connected.
The double loop bidirectional throttle mechanism of described flow controller (J) also can substitute former restricting element (J1), restricting element (J2) and two check valves (P3) and structure (P4) with the structure of two reversing solenoid valves of a liquid road threeway (DJ) and two restricting elements (J1), (J2), its connected mode is: the outlet that is connected to water cooling heat exchanger (B) behind the inlet serial connection filter (G) of two reversing solenoid valves of threeway (DJ), the mouth of often leaving of two outlet connects restricting element (J1), and its normally closed outlet connects restricting element (J2); The inlet of the outlet of restricting element (J1) and check valve (P2) and the interface (O that is stayed with off-premises station 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The inlet of the outlet of restricting element (J2) and check valve (P1) reaches and is connected with the port (S2) from compressor (C) far-end of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S);
Two interfaces (h1) and (h2) are arranged at the water storage tank of described water heater (H) bottom, this two interface all has one section pipeline to stretch in the case, it is shorter that the pipeline section (L8) of interface (h1) stretches into water tank, its height is with a little more than the electric heater that is installed in water tank bottom (U), it is longer that the pipeline section (L9) of interface (h2) stretches into water tank, pushes up near case; Water storage tank (H) has two kinds of connected modes with the intake-outlet of water cooling heat exchanger (B): a kind of is that interface (h1) is connected with water out (b2) and the hot water effluent's valve (W2) of water cooling heat exchanger (B), (h2) together receives spray head for overfall through overflow pipe (L7) and (W2) outlet; Another kind is that interface (h2) is connected with the water out (b2) of water cooling heat exchanger (B), interface (h1) divides two-way, one the tunnel joins with the water inlet (b1) of water cooling heat exchanger (B), be connected in series water route check valve (SP1) therebetween, it is to remove (b1) from (h1) that check valve (SP1) flows to, and another road is connected with hot water effluent's valve (W2), when this connected mode, water storage tank (H) top has additional overfall (h3), and the outlet of overflow pipe (L7) is connected with the outlet of hot water effluent's valve (W2); Can adorn water level pipe (X) on the tube connector (L4).
Usually, for the small-sized household air-conditioner, described flow controller (J) is a capillary; For cabinet air conditioner, described flow controller (J) can be heating power expansion valve, electric expansion valve or capillary.
Energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the utility model four seasons is provided with following six kinds of operation modes, wherein " blowing " mode is entirely one of operation mode of existing air conditioner, all the other each mode all improvement is arranged than the performance of existing air conditioner and electric heater, control also inequality.The open and close setting and the running status of the electricity piece of each mode are described as follows:
(1) cold air [M1]-air-conditioner is made normal kind of refrigeration cycle, and electric heater (U) closes; Normal control bit: compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD) leave, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in refrigerating state (outage attitude), two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D), electric heater (U) pass; Opening/stopping of the compressor of air-conditioner in service (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) also is controlled by indoor temperature sensor (K1), indoor coil temperature sensor (K2) and indoor temperature setting value; Each heat exchanger working condition: off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat release (normal state), water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) participate in heat exchange (eigenstate), indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) heat absorption (normal state), the electric heater of water heater (U) do not work (normal state); Three-way set cooling gas (normal function) is held concurrently heat supply water and is not increased power consumption, utilizes the cold increase refrigerating capacity of cold water again, economic benefits and social benefits energy-conservation (additional function);
(2) hot blast 1[M2]-air-conditioner normally heats circulation, and electric heater (U) closes; Normal control bit: compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD) leave, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in the state of heating (energising attitude), and two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) close, electric heater (U) pass; In service, opening/stopping of compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) also is controlled by indoor temperature sensor (K1), indoor coil temperature sensor (K2) and desired temperature, and outdoor defrosting watch-dog; Each heat exchanger working condition: off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat absorption, water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) participate in heat exchange (eigenstate), indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) heat release, the electric heater of water heater (U) is not worked; Three-way set system heating installation (normal function) does not subtract heating installation and holds concurrently for warm water (additional function);
(3) hot water [M3]-air-conditioner is made outdoor heat absorption heat pump cycle, electric heater (U) closes; Normal control bit: compressor (C), outdoor fan (F1) leave, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in the state of heating (energising attitude), and electric heater (U) closes; The feature control bit: two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) are opened, and indoor fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD) close; Each heat exchanger working condition: the electric heater (U) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat absorption, water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) heat exchange (one of eigenstate), not heat exchange of indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) (eigenstate two), water heater is not worked; Three-way set is made Teat pump boiler with (one of special function), economizes on electricity about 75% than electric heater;
(4) dehumidifying [M3]-air-conditioner is made normal kind of refrigeration cycle, and electric heater (U) closes; Compressor (C), indoor fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD) leave, and electric heater (U) closes, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in refrigerating state (outage attitude); The feature control bit: two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) are opened, and outdoor fan (F1) closes; Each heat exchanger working condition: not heat exchange of indoor and outdoor machine air cooling heat exchanger (S) (one of eigenstate), water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) participate in heat exchange (eigenstate two), indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) heat absorption, the electric heater of water heater (U) is not worked; Reclaim whole condensation heat heating domestic waters.Three-way set dehumidifying (normal function), few power consumption and many heat supplies water (additional function);
(5) fast heat [M5]-air-conditioner is made outdoor heat absorption heat pump cycle, and electric heater (U) leaves; The water temperature that records when temperature controller (K) is lower than when setting limit value, and compressor (C), outdoor fan (F1) leave, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in the state of heating (energising attitude); Special control bit: two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) are opened, and electric heater (U) leaves, and indoor fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD) close; Electric heater (U) is stopped by electric leakage control in addition.Each heat exchanger working condition: off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat absorption, water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) heat exchange (one of eigenstate), not heat exchange of indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) (eigenstate two), the electric heater of water heater (U) is worked.Three-way set is made fast water heater with (specific function two);
(6) blowing mode [M6]-indoor fan (F2) is opened, wind direction air deflector (FD) work, and all the other electricity pieces all stop.
The ON/OFF of electrical part circuit is provided with state and can tabulates and be expressed as follows in above-mentioned six kinds of operation mode:
The mode name Compressor C Blower fan F1 Blower fan (F2) Cross valve T Gas circuit valve D Heater U Air deflector FD Heat exchanger B Function The temperature control part
[M1] cold air Open Open Open Stop Stop Stop Open Work Cold air hot water Indoor temperature control
[M2] hot blast Open Open Open Open Stop Stop Open Work Heating installation warm water Indoor temperature control
[M3] hot water Open Open Stop Open Open Stop Stop Work Hot water The hot water temperature control
[M4] dehumidifying Open Stop Open Stop Open Stop Open Work Hot water cold air The hot water temperature control
[M5] fast heat Open Open Stop Open Open Open Stop Work Rapid hot water The hot water temperature control
[M6]) blowing Stop Stop Open Stop Stop Stop Open Stop Wind Indoor time control
Blowing [M6] mode is one of original air conditioner operation mode in the ☆ table, not because of the utility model increases energy-saving effect,
But because of still useful, so keep the user.Of the present utility model the holding that be in the table shown in the boldface type levied control bit or special merit
Energy or additional function, the non-black-body person is three-way set control bit identical with air conditioner and normal function.
Because energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the utility model four seasons adopts above-mentioned measure to improve the structure of existing air conditioner, on off-premises station (O), adopted by former outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (S) and newly-increased water cooling heat exchanger (B), the outdoor heat exchanger assembly that two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) are formed, double loop bidirectional throttle mechanism with four double check valves of binodal fluid element, and adopted the hot water combination heater that includes water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B), be provided with five kinds of energy conservation models under any user mode, selecting, the double hot water that obtains of refrigeration in summer can increase the air-conditioner refrigerating capacity with cold lower than condensation of refrigerant liquid temp in its cooling water again; Supply not subtract the double warm water that obtains winter; The spring and autumn heat pump heats water, can economize on electricity 70%; Also has fast instant heat water supply functions; Economic benefits and social benefits are energy-conservation, and the four seasons can be used, and average annual water heater economizes on electricity about 85%; Also make simultaneously structure simple relatively, improve cost and reduce, be easier to produce and promote.Adopt the throttle mechanism of network of triangle form can organize four loop refrigeration/thermal cycles, basic suitable with double loop bidirectional throttle body function, lack a cold refrigerating function of mistake, but improved refrigerant amount self-regulating function in each loop, move more stable.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is critical piece, the annexation of energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons of the present utility model, with summer three-way set to outdoor heat release, air-conditioner do refrigeration gas hold concurrently the circulation of heat supply water, carry out the operation of " cold air [M1] " mode, the system flow schematic diagram when the circulation heated type is done in the water route.
Accompanying drawing 2 be the utility model device embodiment 2 critical piece, annexation and winter three-way set make system heating installation from outdoor heat absorption and hold concurrently and carry out the operation of " hot blast [M2] " mode, system flow schematic diagram when minor amount of water DC heating formula is done in the water route for warm water circulation, air-conditioner; Its design feature is: two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) adopt two reversing solenoid valves of combination threeway (also claiming the indirect type magnetic valve) that are made of auxilliary valve of electromagnetism and pneumatic main valve, and the interface of water storage tank (h1) is a water inlet;
To be embodiment 2 devices do heat-pump hot-water circulation, air-conditioner at four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter three-way set from outdoor heat absorption to accompanying drawing 3 carries out the operation of " hot water [M3] " mode, system flow schematic diagram when the DC heating formula is done in the water route.
Accompanying drawing 4 is critical piece, annexations of the utility model device embodiment 3, with do heat-pump hot-water circulation, air-conditioner at four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter three-way set from outdoor heat absorption and carry out the operation of " hot water [M3] " mode, system flow schematic diagram when the DC heating formula is done in the water route, its design feature is: throttle mechanism is the network of triangle formula.
Accompanying drawing 5 be the critical piece, annexation of the utility model device embodiment 4 and when dehumidifying spring three-way set from indoor heat absorption do the heat-pump hot-water circulation, carry out the operation of " dehumidifying [M4] " mode, system flow schematic diagram when the DC heating formula is done in the water route; Its design feature is: two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) adopt two unidirectional power on/off magnet valves (Da) and (Db) alternative; Water cooling heat exchanger (B) is external bushing type; Check valve in the throttle mechanism (P3) and (P4) usefulness triplet commutation magnetic valve (DJ) replacement.
The specific embodiment:
Further describe the system architecture and the operation mode of energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons of the present utility model by embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1:
Energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons of present embodiment comprises that protection system (do not draw among the figure, but provided its control result phase) four major parts are controlled in off-premises station (O), indoor set (I), water heater and the operation of air conditioner; Its indoor set (I) comprises indoor air cooling heat exchanger (V) and fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD), indoor temperature transmitter (K1), indoor coil pipe sensor (K2); Its off-premises station (O) comprises compressor (C), two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D), two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T), outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (S), fan (F1), defrost controller (R), water-cooled coil pipe (A), water cooling heat exchanger (B), filter or device for drying and filtering (G), main throttle capillary tube (J1) heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2), four check valves (P1), (P2), (P3) and (P4), liquid reservoir (Q), and the tube connector between each parts in the refrigeration/hot loop leave the interface (O with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1), (O 2), cold-producing medium is housed in the loop; Described water heater: comprise water storage tank (H), heater and temperature indicator (K); Circulating water outlet (h is arranged at the water storage tank bottom 1)/double as hot water outlet, circulating water intake (h2); The water storage tank outside is surrounded by heat-insulation layer; Inlet (the C of the compressor in the off-premises station (C) 1) be connected with the outlet of receiver (Q); Four way solenoid valve (T) low pressure gas outlet (T 3) be connected with the inlet of receiver (Q), four way solenoid valve (T) removes high pressure gas import (T 1) outer last other two interfaces: an interface (often opening) (T 2) with the high pressure air intake (S of the air cooling heat exchanger (S) of outdoor heat exchanger 1) be connected another interface (T 4) be connected to the interface (O of off-premises station 2), again through tube connector (L6) and indoor set air-cooled condenser interface (V 2) join; Described operation control protection system comprises whole electrical apparatus control systems of existing air conditioner: the contactor executive component of the indoor master control borad (IB) of indoor set (I), the outdoor control panel (OB) of off-premises station (O), electrical equipment running gear and remote controller etc. also comprise the control system that has electric heater now: the switch (UK) and the safety guard thereof of electric heater (U); The temperature that operation control protection system is measured according to mode operation setting instruction, desired temperature and temperature sensor, can carry out automatic or manual control to two reversing solenoid valves of threeway (D) of compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2), refrigerant loop, the start-stop of electric heater (U), make machine system carry out the circulation of freezing, heating, heat difference in functionalitys such as water;
Described outdoor heat exchanger is made up of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) of the refrigerant passage control usefulness of outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (S), water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) and heat exchanger; Described water-cooled coil pipe (A) is arranged around compressor barrel or for copper pipe has the comb of elbow to be bundled on the compressor barrel; Water cooling heat exchanger (B) in the described off-premises station (O) is the coiled counter-flow heat exchanger, is contained in the outdoor cabinet, and its water route flows to from bottom to top, and refrigerant flow direction from top to bottom; The connected mode of described outdoor heat exchanger assembly is: the exhaust outlet (C of compressor (C) 2) with the inlet (D of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) 1) be connected; Two reversing solenoid valves of threeway (D) are often left a mouthful (D 2) with the high pressure gas of two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T) inlet (T 1) be connected another normally closed outlet (D 3) with the inlet (B of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1) be connected, yet be connected altogether with the outlet of two check valves (P1) and (P2); Outlet (the B of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) connect filter (G) back and be connected with the inlet of main restricting element (J1); The outlet of main restricting element (J1) divides two tunnel, one tunnel inlet that meets check valve (P3), and another road connects the inlet of check valve (P4), and outlet (P4) connects the inlet of restricting element (J2), and restricting element (J2) is for heating auxiliary throttle capillary tube; The inlet of the outlet of check valve (P3) and check valve (P2) and the interface (O that is stayed with off-premises station 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet that heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) reaches with the inlet of check valve (P1) and is connected with the port (S2) from compressor (C) far-end of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S); The position that heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) and check valve (P4) can exchange;
Described water cooling heat exchanger (B) is a counter-flow heat exchanger, its water inlet (b 1) with the outlet (B of its cold-producing medium 2) totally one end, be connected the outlet (h of the recirculated water of the inlet of water route check valve (SP1) and water heater water storage tank (H) altogether with the water intaking valve (W1) of running water pipe and the outlet of water route check valve (SP1) 1) connect; Delivery port (the b of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) with the inlet (B of its cold-producing medium 1) totally one end, be connected with the water inlet end of water-cooled coil pipe (A); Inlet (the h of the recirculated water of the water side of water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water storage tank (H) 2) connect; Water-cooled coil pipe (A) is close to the compressor barrel, also can be extended out one section with the refrigerant superheat air pipe side by side near; Water-cooled coil pipe (A) can not established yet; When water-cooled coil pipe (A) is not set, the delivery port (b of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) will directly be connected to spray head through tube connector (L2), or with the inlet (h of the recirculated water of water storage tank (H) 2) connect;
Middle and upper part to the case, the oral siphon Shen of the recirculated water of the water storage tank of described water heater (H); Delivery port (the h of the recirculated water of water storage tank (H) 1) Fen Erlu, the inlet of one road and water route check valve (SP1) joins, and its another road is connected with tube connector (L4) with hot water valve (W2); Water storage tank (H) top is provided with the overflow mouth of pipe (h 3), the outlet of overflow pipe (L7) is connected with the outlet of hot water effluent's valve (W2); Water level pipe (X) is housed on tube connector (L4); The water storage tank of present embodiment both had been fit to do the regulating tank of single flow, can make circulating full liquid water storage tank again and use; Water storage tank (H) also is equipped with cooling-water temperature sensor (K), and it is contained in the recirculated water inlet pipeline section section of going into coolant-temperature gage that can detect recirculated water for well; Water storage tank casing (H) adopts horizontal bucket, also perpendicular bucket, and the outside is surrounded by totally enclosed type insulation layer, and heat-barrier material is with polyurethane or foamed polystyrene porous material;
The heater of described water heater is a combination heater, and it also comprises water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) except comprising electric heater (U); Described electric heater (U) is installed in water storage tank (H) bottom; The height that the outlet pipe of recirculated water extends in the case should be higher than the height of electric heater (U) in water tank.
The energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons of meaning shown in the accompanying drawing 1 is in the operation of " cold air [M1] " mode, and electric heater (U) closes.This mode control scheme is: compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) leave, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in refrigerating state (outage attitude), and two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) and electric heater (U) close; Opening/stopping of compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) also is controlled by indoor temperature sensor (K1) and indoor temperature setting value and indoor pipe temperature sensor (K2); Opening or stopping of wind direction air deflector (FD) arbitrarily determined by the user.Each heat exchanger working condition: the electric heater (U) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat release, water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) heat exchange, indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) heat absorption, water heater is not worked.Its function: refrigeration gas, the heat supply water of before not increasing power consumption, holding concurrently under the dike, the cold increase refrigerating capacity of available cold water, hot water economize on electricity 100%, refrigerating capacity increases by 10~20%, and economic benefits and social benefits are energy-conservation.Generally select this mode operation for use in summer.Its refrigerant circulation loop is: (the D of compressor (H) → two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) 1→ D 2Path (the T of) → four way solenoid valve (T) 1→ T 2) → outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (making condenser uses) passage (S (S) 1→ S 2) coolant channel (B of " heat release " → check valve (P1) → water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1→ B 2) interior air cooling heat exchanger (the making evaporimeter uses) coolant channel (V (V) of " heat exchange " → filter (G) → capillary (J1) → check valve (P3) → interface (O1) → indoor cabinet 1→ V 2) " heat absorption " → interface (O 2Path (the T of four way solenoid valve (T) in the) → outdoor cabinet 4→ T 3) → receiver (Q) → compressor (C).At this state, water storage tank (H) is filled water earlier.Water in water cooling heat exchanger (B) is subjected to the heat density that adds of cold-producing medium condensate liquid to diminish and rise, and causes the self-loopa of water thus, and its closed circuit is: water storage tank (H) (h 1Water stream channel (the b of) → water route check valve (SP1) → tube connector (L1) → water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1→ b 2) → tube connector (L3) → water-cooled coil pipe (A) → tube connector (L2) → water storage tank (H) (h 2→ h 1); Open water intaking valve (W1) when taking hot water, running water enters water storage tank, and hot water flows out in the overflow pipe of box top; When the water tank bottom hot water temperature is also higher, can directly open outlet valve (W2) and take hot water, but when water storage tank (H) water level was lower than the height of recirculated water oral siphon, water system can not circulate, must replenish cold water.
When cold air [M1] mode is moved, principle or heat exchanging process that refrigeration gas, not only double not power consumption heat water but also increase refrigerating capacity are such: be warming up to about 50~80 ℃ after the compressed machine supercharging of refrigerant vapour, after refrigerant vapour flows to off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) (making condenser uses), because fan (F1) blows outdoor air and flows through off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S), take away the heat of high temperature refrigerant, cold-producing medium becomes highly pressurised liquid from gaseous state, at this moment 10~14 ℃ of the high approximately outdoor environment temperatures of temperature ((about 45~50 ℃) of refrigerant liquid; After the hot high pressure refrigerant liquid flows to water cooling heat exchanger (B), because of its temperature is higher than water temperature in the water cooling heat exchanger (B), just the water in the water cooling heat exchanger (B) is heated, refrigerant liquid temperature reduces simultaneously, water in the water cooling heat exchanger (B) produces lift because of diminished by heat density, drives the water circulation; After capillary section (J1) throttling, become the low-pressure low-temperature liquid vapour mixture by cold excessively refrigerant liquid and enter indoor set air cooling heat exchanger (V) (making evaporimeter uses) by the high pressure refrigerant liquid, because indoor machine fan (F2) rotates, make outside the indoor air stream pervaporation organ pipe, air flowing and refrigerant of low temperature are carried out heat exchange, air cooling-down becomes cold air, refrigerant liquid flashes to gas, (Q) is inhaled into compressor again through receiver, finishes the circulation of cold-producing medium and the heat exchange of each circulation link.Wherein, the utility model proposes utilization is difficult to be heated domestic water by the heat that air is taken away from the condensation of refrigerant liquid that air-cooled condenser flows out, and utilize the cold of domestic water to cross the method for cold raising refrigerating capacity by making condensation of refrigerant liquid, have kill two birds with one stone, effect that economic benefits and social benefits are energy-conservation, this is a key point of the present invention, is the key technique of realizing this utility model key point and set up water cooling heat exchanger (B) after the air-cooled cold doubtful device of air-conditioner.The reasonability of this utility model key point is: optimum temperature is at 40~45 ℃ when directly using because of the domestic hot-water, the hot water of high-temperature needs blending cold water to use again, and the temperature of condensation of refrigerant liquid is greater than or equal to this temperature, possesses the temperature difference condition that adds hot tap-water; In addition from 1 ℃ of the every reduction of energy balance examination refrigerating fluid, it is about 0.8% that refrigerating capacity will increase, and as if reducing to 28 ℃ of calculating by it from 50 ℃ (design standard is 54 ℃), it can increase by 17.5% refrigerating capacity; In addition, because of the exchange heat that equates with the increase cold being arranged in hot water, making cold operation by the air-conditioner of 3.5 kilowatts of 1.1 kilowatts of refrigeratory capacitys of compression acc power calculates, its every operation can provide again and be equivalent to the heat that 600 watts of electricity add the device generation in one hour, move the hot water that 20 ℃ of 200 kg of water intensifications just can be provided in 8 hours every day, satisfy three-person household substantially and use.Mostly the scheme of many inventions and utility model is to increase water cooling heat exchanger between exhaust outlet of compressor and outdoor air cooling heat exchanger, though, these schemes have the little advantage of heat exchange area greatly because of cold-producing medium and water temperature difference and can obtain the hot water ability of higher temperature, but utilize it summer, then can not utilize the cold of cold water to cross the cold refrigerating capacity that increases by making cold-producing medium, just the single-action power save mode utilizes it to reduce Central Heating Providing again winter, is not ideal scheme; If condensation heat is used to heat water entirely, produce nearly 1 ton hot water daily, home-usely do not fall, cause the water waste; Therefore the economic benefits and social benefits characteristics of energy saving of cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating three-purpose machine of the present utility model in summer is distinguished; In addition, compressor electric motor, valve block friction, gas compression etc. all make compressor heat up, and the intensification of compressor increases work done during compression consumption, and water cooling coil (A) makes it cooling, and the hot water temperature was raise, and has improved compressor efficiency again, also is that economic benefits and social benefits are energy-conservation; Water-cooled coil pipe (A) also has advantage simple for production.
Embodiment 2:
Accompanying drawing 2 is depicted as the four seasons energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device embodiment 2 critical piece, annexation, with winter three-way set make system heating installation from outdoor heat absorption and hold concurrently and carry out the operation of " hot blast [M2] " mode, the system flow schematic diagram when minor amount of water DC heating formula is done in the water route for warm water circulation, air-conditioner.Its design feature is: two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) adopt two reversing solenoid valves of combination threeway (also claiming the indirect type magnetic valve) that are made of auxilliary valve of electromagnetism and pneumatic main valve, the common low pressure exhaust outlet (d of its auxilliary valve 4) with the low pressure gas of four way solenoid valve (T) outlet (T 3) to the inlet (C of compressor (C) 1) between low pressure line be connected, this is an another key character point of the present invention; Common low pressure exhaust outlet (the d of auxilliary valve in the present embodiment 4) be and the low pressure gas of four way solenoid valve (T) outlet (T 3) to the connection of the low pressure line between liquid reservoir (Q) air intake, be connected to the preceding q of liquid reservoir (Q) air intake 1The point; High pressure air intake (the d of auxilliary valve 1) with the air intake (D of main valve 1) communicate, other two gas ports of auxilliary valve and the two ends (a) of main valve and the plunger shaft of (b) holding communicate; Auxilliary valve is a miniature two-position four way change valve, and when solenoid (DL) was switched on, auxilliary valve sent high pressure gas to main valve one end (a end), and makes the main valve other end (b) and auxilliary valve outlet (d 4) communicate, because the pressure official post main valve plug of main valve two ends plunger shaft is pushed the other end (b) to, the air intake (D of main valve 1) with by the exhaust outlet (D of (a) 2) communicate its exhaust outlet (D 3) blocked; When solenoid cut off the power supply, auxilliary valve sent high pressure gas to another (b) of main valve end, and makes main valve (a) end and auxilliary valve outlet (d 4) communicate, because the pressure official post main valve plug of main valve two ends plunger shaft is pushed (a) end, the air intake (D of main valve to 1) with by (b) end exhaust outlet (D 3) communicate its exhaust outlet (D 2) blocked; Present domestic two reversing solenoid valves of this threeway (D) sale of still not having, two reversing solenoid valves of the threeway of present embodiment (D) are to utilize Pneumatic four-way two reversing solenoid valves identical with existing used two reversing solenoid valves of Pneumatic four-way (T) on the cold-producing medium major loop to change a social system to form, the transformation of the way and method of attachment are that the public exhaust outlet of the main valve of two reversing solenoid valves of existing Pneumatic four-way is blocked, and the disconnection that is connected of the common exhaust pipe of the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve and main valve, again the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve change into off-premises station (O) in the low pressure gas outlet (T of two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T) 3) to the connection of the low pressure line between liquid reservoir (Q) air intake, and shut the osculum that stays that cuts off on the main valve common exhaust pipe when assisting valve common low pressure blast pipe; Present embodiment is that the preceding pipeline (q1) of the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve and the air entry of liquid reservoir (Q) is located to be connected; Two interfaces (h1) and (h2) are arranged at the water storage tank of water heater (H) bottom, two interfaces all have one section pipeline to stretch in the case, it is shorter that the pipeline section (L8) of interface (h1) stretches into water tank, its height is with a little more than the electric heater that is installed in water tank bottom (U), it is longer that the pipeline section (L9) of interface (h2) stretches into water tank, pushes up near case; The interface (h1) of water storage tank (H) is connected with the water out (b2) of water cooling heat exchanger (B) and hot water effluent's valve (W2), (h2) together receives spray head for overfall through overflow pipe (L7) and (W2) outlet.
Accompanying drawing 2 has also illustrated the present embodiment three-way set to carry out the cold-producing medium and the water-flow chart of " heating [M2] " mode; At this moment, three-way set can also obtain warm water in the time of indoor heating.
When heating the operation of [M2] mode, the air-conditioner of energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of these four seasons normally heats circulation, and electric heater (U) closes; Operation control scheme is: compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) leave, and four way solenoid valve (T) is in the state of heating (energising attitude), two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) and electric heater (U) pass; Opening/stopping of compressor (C), outdoor, internal fan (F1), (F2) also is controlled by indoor temperature sensor (K1) and desired temperature and indoor pipe temperature sensor (K2), and outdoor defrosting watch-dog; Each heat exchanger working condition: off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat absorption, water-cooled coil pipe (A) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) participate in heat exchange (eigenstate), indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) heat release, the electric heater of water heater (U) is not worked; Three-way set system heating installation (normal function) does not subtract heating installation and holds concurrently for warm water (additional function).
The closed circuit that heats that its cold-producing medium is carried out is; (the D of compressor (H) → gas circuit three-way solenoid valve (D) 1→ D 2Passage (the T of) → four way solenoid valve (T) 1→ T 4) → interface (O 2(V) passage of) → indoor air cooling heat exchanger (this moment do condenser with) ((S) passage of the passage of check valve (the P2) → water cooling heat exchanger (B) in V2 → V1) → interface (O1) → outdoor cabinet (B1 → B2) → filter (G) → capillary (J1) → heat auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) → check valve (P4) → outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (do this moment evaporimeter with) (passage of S2 → S1) → four way solenoid valve (T) (T2 → T3) → receiver (Q) → compressor (C).(W1) is crack for water intaking valve, allow low discharge water flow through water cooling heat exchanger (B), water temperature in winter very low (about about 10 ℃), and the temperature of condensation of refrigerant liquid is still more than 40 ℃, so still can carry out heat exchange with condensation of refrigerant liquid at water cooling heat exchanger (B) inner cold water, water through heating enters water storage tank (H) storage through interface (h1), opens outlet valve (W2) and can use warm water.To obtain to be higher than the hot water of 30 ℃ of warm water winter, can use the auxiliary heating of electric heater (U), or allow three-way set carry out the operation of " hot water [M3] " or " fast heat [M5] " mode.
Be present embodiment 2 shown in the accompanying drawing 3 season spring, summer, autumn and winter four seasons three-way set do the heat-pump hot-water circulation from outdoor heat absorption, air-conditioner is carried out the operation of " hot water [M3] " mode, the system flow schematic diagram when the DC heating formula is done in the water route; The structure of accompanying drawing 3 has the function that is equal to fully with embodiment 2; So its operation is done direct current Fast Heating water running mode, shower immediately with embodiment 1,2 differences in profit.
Carry out " hot water [M3] " operation mode circulation time, compressor (C), outdoor fan (F1), two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) and four way solenoid valve (T) leave, indoor fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD), and electric heater (U) closes; This system air conditioner is made outdoor heat absorption heat pump cycle, four way solenoid valve (T) is in the state of heating; Water supply valve (W1) is opened; , carry out " fast heat [M5] " operation mode when but discharge is big, opening electric heater (U) when water temperature is low; Each heat exchanger working condition: the electric heater (U) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S) heat absorption, water-cooled coil pipe (A) heat absorption, water cooling heat exchanger (B) heat exchange (one of eigenstate), not heat exchange of indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) (eigenstate two), water heater is not worked/is worked; Three-way set is made Teat pump boiler and is used (one of special function).
Its cold-producing medium is carried out the circulation that heats from outdoor heat-obtaining, and its closed circuit is: (the D of compressor (H) → two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) 1→ D 3Passage (the B of) → water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1→ B 2) → filter (G) → two reversing solenoid valves of liquid road threeway (DJ) → capillary (J1) → heat auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) → check valve (P4) → off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (do this moment evaporimeter with) passage (S (S) 2→ S 1Passage (the T of) → four way solenoid valve (T) 2→ T 3) → receiver (Q) → compressor (C).Its water route flows to: and the aquaporin of running water → go into water valve (W1) → water cooling heat exchanger (B) (b1 → b2) → tube connector (L3) → water-cooled coil pipe (A) → through connecting line (L2) → flow out through hot water valve (W2) to spray head; When hot water valve (W2) when closing, hot water enters water storage tank (H) through (h1) and stores, and during the water tank full water, the hot water overflow is flowed out from spray head through interface (h2) and tube connector (L8).Because flowing through, high-pressure refrigerant vapor directly acts on check valve (P1) and outlet (P2) behind the electromagnetic valve of gas circuit (D), check valve (P1) and (P2) all can not reverse-conducting, and high-pressure refrigerant vapor all flows through water cooling heat exchanger (B); In this circulation, the net quantity of heat of cold-producing medium before from exhaust outlet of compressor to throttling, comprise superheated vapor heat, condensation heat, the supercooled liquid body heat all will be used to add hot water in water cooling heat exchanger (B), the part heat of compressor barrel is absorbed by the interior water of water-cooled coil pipe (A), plays the effect of Teat pump boiler fully.Because the steam pressure of indoor air cooling heat exchanger is higher than the pressure of restricting element (J1) outlet, check valve (P3) can not conducting, and cold-producing medium will flow into outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (S) through heating assisted capillary (J2); In this mode, the heat exchange amount of water cooling heat exchanger (B) is very big, need utilize the pressure of running water to do and force heat convection.Certainly, the dress circulating pump also is fine on pipeline, but on small-sized three-way set generally need not, only just consider to use at the large-size air conditioning machine with when big water storage tank is arranged.Because the spring and autumn outdoor temperature is not low, if in afternoon heating, outside air temperature is higher, the COP value of Teat pump boiler is far above 2.8~3.0 of the nominal of air-conditioner institute, refrigerant liquid will be exceeded 3.5~4.0 by factor, its COP value that adds hot water such as cold excessively in addition, spend 1 degree electricity can obtain with heat pump legal system hot water in other words and be equivalent to the electrically heated hot water amount of 3.5~4.0 degree, its energy-saving effect is greater than 70%; Present embodiment when water temperature is 20 ℃, is the three-way set of 1.1 kilowatt the air-conditioner transformation of the way with compressor horsepower 25 ℃ of room temperatures, makes water temperature rise to 40~44 ℃, can obtain about 4.0~4.8 kilowatts hot water amount.
In winter, still can obtain 35 ℃~40 ℃ hot water with this mode operation.If obtain the hot water of higher temperature, but opening electric heater (U) is carried out " fast heat [M5] " operation mode.
At autumn Mo early summer, need hot water to have a bath when lowering the temperature slightly to the room again, can be the operation of " hot water [M3] mode change into " dehumidifying [M4] " mode; its operation is to make four utmost point linked switches (AN-/4) in the manual control system in bathroom still be in conducting state; and two linked switches of two utmost points (HZ-P/2) are changed the conducting position that places (1b); the then motor (MF2) of indoor fan (F2) energising; indoor fan (F2) is worked; the motor (MF1) of outdoor fan (F1) and the coil blackout of four-way reversing solenoid valve (T), air-conditioner reverts to kind of refrigeration cycle, compressor operating but outdoor fan (F1) is not worked cold-producing medium condensation in water cooling heat exchanger (B); When carrying out the operation of " dehumidifying [M4] " mode, also need indoor remote control system is placed [blowing] mode, and regulate the position of wind direction air deflector (FD) aerofoil arbitrarily; When the operation of this mode, three-way set when heating water to blows cold wind indoors or dehumidifying.
Embodiment 3:
Accompanying drawing 4 is depicted as the utility model four seasons energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device embodiment critical piece of 3, annexation, with do heat-pump hot-water circulation at four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter three-way set from outdoor heat absorption, air-conditioner is carried out the operation of " hot water [M3] " mode, the system flow schematic diagram when the DC heating formula is done in the water route; The structure of present embodiment has reduced the function of a cold refrigeration of mistake than the three-way set of embodiment 1,2, keeps basic major function, but the unit coupling easily.Its structure and embodiment 1,2 differences are that its throttle structure throttle mechanism is the network of triangle formula, be flow controller (J) by the triangle throttling net that three main restricting elements (J1), (J2), (J3) form, be equipped with two auxiliary throttle capillary tubes (J4) and (J5) and two check valves (P5) and (P6) form; Its connected mode be restricting element (J1), (J2) inlet totally one end be connected the outlet (B of the coolant channel of the inlet of check valve (P5) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) with the outlet of check valve (P5) 2) connect, can be connected in series filter (G) therebetween; The outlet of restricting element (J1) is connected the interface (O that the other end and off-premises station stayed (J4) altogether with an end (J3a) of capillary flow element (J3) with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J4) 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet of restricting element (J2) is connected with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J5) altogether with the other end (J3b) of capillary flow element (J3), and the other end (J5) is connected with the port (S2) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S); Check valve (P6) is in parallel with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J5), and inlet (P6) also is connected with the port (S2) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S), and outlet (P6) is also joined with the outlet of restricting element (J2); The length of auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J4), (J5) can be regulated according to the concrete condition of different type of machines, also can save sometimes.In addition, water storage tank is not established water level displaying tube and is not established closed circuit, and structure is simplified greatly.
Operation in the use is identical with other embodiment.
Embodiment 4:
Accompanying drawing 5 is depicted as the utility model four seasons energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device embodiment critical piece of 4, annexation, do the heat-pump hot-water circulation with three-way set when dehumidifying spring from indoor heat absorption, carry out the operation of " dehumidifying [M4] " mode, the system flow schematic diagram when the DC heating formula is done in the water route; The structure of present embodiment has the function that is equal to fully with embodiment 1,2,3.
The structure of present embodiment and embodiment 1,2,3 differences are:
(1) water cooling heat exchanger (B) is external bushing type;
(2) two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) adopt two unidirectional power on/off magnet valves (Da) and (Db) alternative;
(3) structure with two reversing solenoid valves of a liquid road threeway (DJ) and two restricting elements (J1), (J2) substitutes former restricting element (J1), restricting element (J2) and two check valves (P3) and structure (P4), the connected mode of new throttle structure is: the outlet that is connected to water cooling heat exchanger (B) behind the inlet serial connection filter (G) of two reversing solenoid valves of threeway (DJ), two outlet often leave and mouthful connect throttle capillary tube (J1), its normally closed outlet connects throttle capillary tube (J2); The inlet of the outlet of restricting element (J1) and check valve (P2) and the interface (O that is stayed with off-premises station 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet of restricting element (J2) reaches with the inlet of check valve (P1) and is connected with the port (S2) from compressor (C) far-end of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S);
The water circuit system of present embodiment designs for utilizing existing air-conditioner and electric heater, and it is applicable to the transformation needs to the user who has air-conditioner and electric heater.Its main benefit is less to existing air-conditioner and electric heater change, and double pipe heat exchanger can place outside the outdoor set cabinet, even can be placed within doors, is suitable for fragmentary transformation.
The hot water mode of heating of present embodiment three-way set is: open water valve (W1), three-way set is carried out DC heating formula mode (" M3 ", " M4 " or " M5 " mode), and running water is through the recirculated water inlet (h of water valve (W1) → water cooling heat exchanger (B) → tube connector (L3) → water-cooled coil pipe (A) → tube connector (L2) → water storage tank (H) at this moment 1) → water storage tank (H); Or → water valve (W2) → user's spray head.

Claims (8)

1, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of a kind of four seasons comprises that protection system four major parts are controlled in off-premises station (O), indoor set (I), water heater and the operation of air conditioner; Described indoor set (I) comprises indoor air cooling heat exchanger (V), indoor machine fan (F2) and wind direction air deflector (FD), and indoor temperature transmitter (K1), indoor coil pipe sensor (K2), the interface (V with off-premises station is left at the two ends of its connecting tube 1), (V 2); Described off-premises station (O) comprises compressor (C), two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T), off-premises station heat exchanger, outdoor machine fan (F1), defrost controller (R), device for drying and filtering (G), flow controller (J), liquid reservoir (Q), and the interface (O with indoor set is left at the two ends of its connecting tube 1), (O 2); Indoor set (I) and off-premises station (O) connect to form air conditioner refrigeration/soft circulation circuit by connecting line (L5), (L6), and cold-producing medium is housed in the loop; Described water heater comprises that water storage tank (H), heater, temperature show control sensor (K), and water storage tank has water inlet and water out, and the water storage tank outside is surrounded by heat-insulation layer; Described operation control protection system comprises whole electrical apparatus control systems of existing air conditioner: the indoor master control borad (IB) of indoor set (I), the outdoor control panel (OB) of off-premises station (O), the contactor executive component and the remote controller of electrical equipment running gear; The control system that also comprises existing electric heater: the switch (UK) and the safety guard thereof of electric heater (U); Inlet (the C of the compressor in the off-premises station (C) 1) be connected four way solenoid valve (T) low pressure gas outlet (T with the outlet of receiver (Q) 3) with the inlet (q of receiver (Q) 1) be connected, four way solenoid valve (T) removes high pressure gas import (T 1) outer two other last interface: an interface (T 2) with the high pressure air intake (S of the air cooling heat exchanger (S) of outdoor heat exchanger 1) be connected another interface (T 4) be connected to the interface (O of off-premises station 2), again through tube connector (L6) and indoor set air-cooled condenser interface (V 2) join;
It is characterized in that:
The outdoor heat exchanger of described off-premises station (O) is made up of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) of the refrigerant passage control usefulness of shared water cooling heat exchanger (B) of outdoor air cooling heat exchanger (S), cold air-conditioner and water heater and heat exchanger; Described flow controller (J) is by restricting element and four check valves (P1), (P2), (P3) and the double loop bidirectional throttle mechanism that (P4) forms; This restricting element is made up of restricting element (J1) and restricting element (J2);
The connected mode of described outdoor heat exchanger assembly is: the exhaust outlet (C of compressor (C) 2) with the inlet (D of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) 1) be connected; One of outlet of two reversing solenoid valves of gas circuit threeway (D) (often opening) (D 2) with the high pressure gas of two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T) inlet (T 1) be connected another outlet (normally closed) (D 3) with the inlet (B of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1) be connected, also the outlet with two check valves (P1) and (P2) is connected altogether; Outlet (the B of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) join with restricting element (J1) inlet, can be connected in series filter (G) therebetween; Filter (G) also can be serially connected in other place of the flow channel for liquids of refrigerant loop; The outlet of restricting element (J1) divides two tunnel, one tunnel inlet that meets check valve (P3), and another road connects the inlet of check valve (P4), and outlet (P4) connects the inlet of restricting element (J2), and restricting element (J2) is for heating auxiliary throttle capillary tube; The inlet of the outlet of check valve (P3) and check valve (P2) and the interface (O that is stayed with off-premises station 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet that heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) reaches with the inlet of check valve (P1) and is connected with the port (S2) from compressor (C) far-end of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S); The position that heats auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J2) and check valve (P4) can exchange;
Described water cooling heat exchanger (B) is provided with cold water entry interface (b 1) and hot water effluent's interface (b 2), (b 1) stay with the water intaking valve (W1) of running water pipe and be connected (b 2) stay with the water inlet or the spray head of user's hot water water storage tank (H) and be connected, tube connector therebetween can have segment section to make water-cooled coil pipe (A) to be close to the compressor barrel.
2, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1 is characterised in that: two reversing solenoid valves of described gas circuit threeway (D) are the multifunctional electromagnetic valves that is made of auxilliary valve of electromagnetism and pneumatic main valve, the common low pressure exhaust outlet (d of its auxilliary valve 4) with the low pressure gas of four way solenoid valve (T) outlet (T 3) to the inlet (C of compressor (C) 1) between low pressure line be connected; Two reversing solenoid valves of described gas circuit threeway (D) utilize existing Pneumatic four-way two reversing solenoid valves identical with used two reversing solenoid valves of Pneumatic four-way (T) on the cold-producing medium major loop to change a social system and form, that is: the public exhaust outlet of the main valve of existing two reversing solenoid valves of Pneumatic four-way is blocked, and the disconnection that is connected of the common exhaust pipe of the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve and main valve, again the common low pressure blast pipe of auxilliary valve change into off-premises station (O) in the low pressure gas outlet (T of two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T) 3) to the connection of the low pressure line between liquid reservoir (Q) air intake, and shut the osculum that stays that cuts off on the main valve common exhaust pipe when assisting valve common low pressure blast pipe.
3, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1, be characterised in that: described flow controller (J) is by the triangle throttling net that three main restricting elements (J1), (J2), (J3) form, and is equipped with two auxiliary throttle capillary tubes (J4) and (J5) and two check valves (P5) and (P6) form; Its connected mode be restricting element (J1), (J2) inlet totally one end be connected with the outlet of check valve (P5), the inlet of check valve (P5) is connected with the outlet (B2) of the coolant channel of water cooling heat exchanger (B), can be connected in series filter (G) therebetween; One end (J3a) of the outlet of restricting element (J1) and restricting element (J3) is connected with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J4) altogether, (J4) the other end is connected with the interface (O1) that off-premises station is stayed, and interface (O1) is connected with the port (V1) from compressor (C) far-end of indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) through connecting line (L5); The other end (J3b) of the outlet of restricting element (J2) and restricting element (J3) is connected with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J5) altogether, and the other end (J5) is connected with the port (S2) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S); Check valve (P6) is in parallel with auxiliary throttle capillary tube (J5), and inlet (P6) is connected with the port (S2) of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S), and the outlet of outlet (P6) and restricting element (J2) is joined.
4, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1 is characterised in that: the combination heater that the heater of described water heater is made up of water cooling heat exchanger (B) and electric heater (U); Described water cooling heat exchanger (B) is a contra-flow heat exchanger of placing coil pipe in the tube, flow system cryogen in the coil pipe, the outer circulating water of pipe in the tube, or double pipe heat exchanger; Electric heater (U) can be installed in the top water layer of cartridge type water cooling heat exchanger (B), or is installed in the bottom water layer of water storage tank (H).
5, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1 is characterised in that: the ON/OFF of the electrical part circuit that described compressor (C), outdoor fan (F1), indoor fan (F2), two reversing solenoid valves of four-way (T), gas circuit triplet commutation magnetic valve (D), electric heater (U) and wind direction air deflector (FD) according to the form below are listed is provided with state setting, operation: The mode name Compressor C Blower fan F1 Blower fan (F2) Cross valve T Gas circuit valve D Heater U Air deflector FD Heat exchanger B Function The temperature control part [M1] cold air Open Open Open Stop Stop Stop Open Work Cold air hot water Indoor temperature control
[M2] hot blast Open Open Open Open Stop Stop Open Work Heating installation warm water Indoor temperature control [M3] hot water Open Open Stop Open Open Stop Stop Work Hot water The hot water temperature control [M4] dehumidifying Open Stop Open Stop Open Stop Open Work Hot water cold air The hot water temperature control [M5] fast heat Open Open Stop Open Open Open Stop Work Rapid hot water The hot water temperature control [M6]) blowing Stop Stop Open Stop Stop Stop Open Stop Wind Indoor time control
6, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1, be characterised in that: two reversing solenoid valves of described gas circuit threeway (D) replace by two unidirectional electrical magnet valves (Da) with (Db), at this moment, magnetic valve (Da) and inlet (Db) all with the exhaust outlet (C of compressor (C) 2) join, outlet (Da) and (Db) respectively with the high pressure gas inlet (T of four-way change-over valve (T) 1) and the refrigerant inlet (B of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1) be connected.
7, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1, be characterised in that: the double loop bidirectional throttle mechanism of described flow controller (J) is with two reversing solenoid valves of a liquid road threeway (DJ) and two restricting elements (J1), (J2) structure substitutes former restricting element (J1), restricting element (J2) and two check valves (P3) and structure (P4), its connected mode is: the outlet that is connected to water cooling heat exchanger (B) behind the inlet serial connection filter (G) of two reversing solenoid valves of threeway (DJ), the mouth of often leaving of two outlet connects restricting element (J1), and its normally closed outlet connects restricting element (J2); The inlet of the outlet of restricting element (J1) and check valve (P2) and the interface (O that is stayed with off-premises station 1) be connected interface (O 1) through the port (V from compressor (C) far-end of connecting line (L5) with indoor machine wind cold heat exchanger (V) 1) be connected; The outlet of restricting element (J2) reaches with the inlet of check valve (P1) and is connected with the port (S2) from compressor (C) far-end of off-premises station air cooling heat exchanger (S).
8, energy-conservation cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating device of the four seasons as claimed in claim 1, be characterised in that: two interfaces (h1) and (h2) are arranged at the water storage tank of described water heater (H) bottom, this two interface all has one section pipeline to stretch in the case, it is shorter that the pipeline section (L8) of interface (h1) stretches into water tank, its height is with a little more than the electric heater that is installed in water tank bottom (U), it is longer that the pipeline section (L9) of interface (h2) stretches into water tank, pushes up near case; Water storage tank (H) has two kinds of connected modes with the intake-outlet of water cooling heat exchanger (B): a kind of is the water out (b of interface (h1) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) and hot water effluent's valve (W2) connect, (h2) together receive spray head through overflow pipe (L7) and (W2) outlet for overfall; Another kind is the water out (b of interface (h2) and water cooling heat exchanger (B) 2) connect, interface (h1) divides two-way, the one tunnel with the water inlet (b of water cooling heat exchanger (B) 1) join, being connected in series water route check valve (SP1) therebetween, it is to remove (b from (h1) that check valve (SP1) flows to 1), another road is connected with hot water effluent's valve (W2), and when this connected mode, water storage tank (H) top has additional overfall (h 3), the outlet of overflow pipe (L7) is connected with the outlet of hot water effluent's valve (W2); Can adorn water level pipe (X) on the tube connector (L4).
CN 01263270 2001-10-13 2001-10-13 Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons Expired - Fee Related CN2502190Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01263270 CN2502190Y (en) 2001-10-13 2001-10-13 Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01263270 CN2502190Y (en) 2001-10-13 2001-10-13 Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2502190Y true CN2502190Y (en) 2002-07-24

Family

ID=33670884

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 01263270 Expired - Fee Related CN2502190Y (en) 2001-10-13 2001-10-13 Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2502190Y (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100467966C (en) * 2006-03-29 2009-03-11 南京航空航天大学 Multiple central heat pump heating and air conditioning water heater
CN101799220A (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-08-11 杭州地源空调研究所有限公司 Air source heat pump for radiating heat by spraying and defrosting by using hot water
CN102116540A (en) * 2010-06-16 2011-07-06 刘雄 Refrigeration device
CN103047792A (en) * 2011-10-16 2013-04-17 大连三洋冷链有限公司 Water-cooling machine set type system for utilizing supermarket display cabinet waste heat
CN103047793A (en) * 2011-10-16 2013-04-17 大连三洋冷链有限公司 Water-cooling type supermarket display cabinet waste heat utilization system
CN103851759A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-06-11 广东志高暖通设备股份有限公司 Heat recovery device and heating, refrigerating and heating water circulating device
CN104344552A (en) * 2013-08-02 2015-02-11 三菱电机株式会社 Heating and hot water supply system
CN104422087A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-18 三菱电机株式会社 Air conditioning device and refrigerant leak detection method
CN104949386A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-30 孙红琴 cool-heat exchanging heater
CN106225177A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-14 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioner and water heater integration control method, Apparatus and system
CN106679236A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-17 集美大学 Cooling and heating energy storage type multifunctional heat pump system
CN107024024A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Four heat exchanger changes in temperature hot water three-purpose source pumps
CN107024026A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 The mode heating air-conditioner hot water heat pump of three function four
CN107023988A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Water self circulation heat exchange formula changes in temperature hot water three-way set
CN107024023A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Changes in temperature hot water heat pump unit of three heat exchangers with loop
CN108489106A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-09-04 合肥美的暖通设备有限公司 Heat method and apparatus, water heater and the machine readable storage medium of wind
CN109539385A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-03-29 马强 A kind of air-conditioning device with heating

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100467966C (en) * 2006-03-29 2009-03-11 南京航空航天大学 Multiple central heat pump heating and air conditioning water heater
CN101799220A (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-08-11 杭州地源空调研究所有限公司 Air source heat pump for radiating heat by spraying and defrosting by using hot water
CN102116540A (en) * 2010-06-16 2011-07-06 刘雄 Refrigeration device
CN102116540B (en) * 2010-06-16 2013-04-10 刘雄 Refrigeration device
CN103047792A (en) * 2011-10-16 2013-04-17 大连三洋冷链有限公司 Water-cooling machine set type system for utilizing supermarket display cabinet waste heat
CN103047793A (en) * 2011-10-16 2013-04-17 大连三洋冷链有限公司 Water-cooling type supermarket display cabinet waste heat utilization system
CN104344552B (en) * 2013-08-02 2017-04-12 三菱电机株式会社 Heating and hot water supply system
CN104344552A (en) * 2013-08-02 2015-02-11 三菱电机株式会社 Heating and hot water supply system
CN104422087A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-18 三菱电机株式会社 Air conditioning device and refrigerant leak detection method
CN103851759B (en) * 2014-03-27 2016-09-07 广东志高暖通设备股份有限公司 One heats, freezes and water heating EGR
CN103851759A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-06-11 广东志高暖通设备股份有限公司 Heat recovery device and heating, refrigerating and heating water circulating device
CN104949386A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-30 孙红琴 cool-heat exchanging heater
CN107024024A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Four heat exchanger changes in temperature hot water three-purpose source pumps
CN107024026A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 The mode heating air-conditioner hot water heat pump of three function four
CN107023988A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Water self circulation heat exchange formula changes in temperature hot water three-way set
CN107024023A (en) * 2016-02-01 2017-08-08 陈则韶 Changes in temperature hot water heat pump unit of three heat exchangers with loop
CN106225177A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-14 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air-conditioner and water heater integration control method, Apparatus and system
CN106679236A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-05-17 集美大学 Cooling and heating energy storage type multifunctional heat pump system
CN108489106A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-09-04 合肥美的暖通设备有限公司 Heat method and apparatus, water heater and the machine readable storage medium of wind
CN109539385A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-03-29 马强 A kind of air-conditioning device with heating

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN2502190Y (en) Energy-saving cold/hot air conditioning hot water device in all seasons
CN100460775C (en) Air source heat pump water heater with flow guide sleeve heat exchanger water storage tank
CN105318454B (en) A kind of air-source multiple air conditioner heat pump system and its operation method
CN109610683B (en) Assembled air conditioner wall and operation method thereof
CN201306902Y (en) Air conditioner with heat-recovery type heat pump and refrigerator integrated machine
CN203011004U (en) Unit type air conditioner floor heating machine
CN101749812A (en) Multifunctional air-conditioning system
CN105890225A (en) Partial heat recovery type air conditioner cold hot water and life hot water joint supply system
CN1796896A (en) Multifunctional cooling / warming conditionner and hot water device
CN1177182C (en) Energy-saving cold-heat air-conditioning, water-heating three-purpose machine capable of being used all gear round
CN1344896A (en) Energy saving tripurpose machine for hot and cold air conditioning and supplying hot water
CN105509363B (en) High-efficiency cleaning multiple-energy-source comprehensively utilizes cold-hot combined supply system
CN112211308B (en) Multistage radiation phase change wall adopting air source heat pump system
CN2762014Y (en) Energy-saving air conditioning water heater
CN202328578U (en) Multifunctional air conditioner system
KR20020014073A (en) Air conditioning apparatus using storage system of cold and hot water
CN203431984U (en) Noiseless air condition system
CN2473495Y (en) Double effect four season energy saving three purpose machine for cooling and heating air conditioner and hot water
CN2314277Y (en) Multifunctional heat pump
CN2249373Y (en) Cooling-heating air conditioner capable of providing hot water
CN2453290Y (en) Air conditioner with water heater
CN109612156B (en) Assembled air conditioner wall comprising energy-saving heat pump system and operation method thereof
CN203432147U (en) Compound system for secondary heat pump
CN203572093U (en) Hot water CCHP heat pump unit of air-source central air conditioner
CN202747504U (en) Water-loop heat pump type air-conditioning device adopting geothermal energy as single auxiliary cold and heat source

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee