CN2339759Y - Single-cylinder double-piston-opposite type engine - Google Patents

Single-cylinder double-piston-opposite type engine Download PDF

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CN2339759Y
CN2339759Y CN 96215995 CN96215995U CN2339759Y CN 2339759 Y CN2339759 Y CN 2339759Y CN 96215995 CN96215995 CN 96215995 CN 96215995 U CN96215995 U CN 96215995U CN 2339759 Y CN2339759 Y CN 2339759Y
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engine
piston
cylinder
crankshaft
power
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董振宝
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董振宝
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a novel engine, which is characterized in that each cylinder is provided with double pistons which are horizontally arranged in a-shaped opposite mode. The engine uses explosion gas to push the two pistons, and two crank shafts are pushed by two connecting rods to apply work. Then, positioning gears of the opposite ends of the crank shafts drive an output shaft to output power. The engine of the utility model has the advantages of large output power, small oil consumption, large horsepower and stable operation.

Description

新型单缸双活塞对置式发动机 New dual-piston cylinder opposed engine

本实用新型所涉及的是每缸双活塞,水平放置一字型对置式内燃机,这种内燃机是以现普通使用的发动机的工作原理为基础,以全新的结构型式设计出来的,对原一直延用的顶置气门式发动机做了重大改进。 The present invention relates to a double piston, each horizontally opposed-cylinder in-line type internal combustion engine that is the engine works now commonly used as the basis for a new type of structure designed, on the original has been extended overhead valve engine made significant improvements. 这种新型内燃机具有输出功率大,耗油量小、马力大、运行平稳等特点。 This new internal combustion engine having an output power, fuel consumption is small, high-powered, smooth running characteristics.

现普便使用的汽车和摩托车上安装的是顶置气门式四行程发动机和曲轴箱换气的二行程发动机,这种发动机虽然结构简单安装方便,但是发动机作功时经过吸气、压缩、作功、排气四个过程,单气缸内的一只活塞推动一根曲旋转,产生动力。 Mounted on automobiles and motorcycles will now P using four-stroke overhead valve engines and two-stroke engine crankcase ventilation, easy to install such a simple structure, although the engine, but the engine for power through the intake, compression, for power, four exhaust process, in a single-cylinder piston pushes a song rotation, generates power. 使用这种形式的发动机,活塞行程长,曲轴回转直径大,这种型式的发动机在运行中,起速慢、功率小、马力不足、耗油多、运行不平稳,给使用者带来诸多的不便和经济上的浪费,比如说:在超车时,使用这种发动机的汽车所用的时间长,导制交通事故的机会增多,这种因超车造成交通事故的现象非常普遍,所以,目前这种顶置气门式发动机已不能满足当今汽车的使用要求,其次,汽车在平原地区行驶,如果汽车的设计时速为每小时120公里,可是最高只能达到每小时100公里说明发动机的功率小,因此,这种型式的发动机没能达到汽车最高时速所需用的功率。 Using this form of engine, piston stroke length, diameter of the crankshaft rotation, this type of engine is in operation, from the slow-speed, low-power, power is insufficient, multi-fuel, running smoothly, the user to bring many inconvenience and economic waste, for example: when overtaking, the use of such engines long time used car, the opportunity to lead the system of increased traffic accidents, accidents caused by this phenomenon because overtaking is very common, so, the current OHV engines can not meet the requirements of today's cars, and secondly, in the plains cars, if the car's design speed of 120 kilometers per hour, but could only reach 100 kilometers per hour sMALL engine power, therefore, this type of engine is not able to reach a top speed of power required for the car. 再者,汽车上坡时,必须换低档,加大油门,这样,发动机转速很高,但是汽车的行驶速度慢,不但耗油量大,而且增加了汽车的行驶时间,为对使用者来说,即提高了费用,又降低了效率,对我国的石油资源也是一种浪费,所以改近这种型式的发动机势在必行。 Furthermore, the car uphill, must downshift, throttle, so the engine speed is high, but the car is running slow, not only fuel consumption, and increased car travel time, as for the user that increase costs, but also reduces the efficiency of the country's oil resources is a waste, so close to this type of engine change is imperative.

本实用新型的目的,是想提供一种新型每缸双活塞水平放置一字型对置式发动机,这种型式的发动机体积不会增加,由于水平放置所以安装更加方便,其具有良好的动力性能和经济效益,以取代现普通顶置气门式发动机,满足整个社会对优越发动机的需求。 The purpose of the present invention, is to provide a novel double piston per cylinder is placed in a straight horizontal opposed engine, the engine does not increase the volume of this type, because it is more convenient to install horizontally, which has good dynamic performance and economic benefits, to replace the current general overhead valve engine, to meet the needs of society as a whole is superior engine.

本实用新型是这样实现的现普通四行程发动机的组成是由:机体,曲柄连杆机构,配气机构,润滑系,燃料供给系,冷却系,点火系等组成。 The present invention is now composed of an ordinary four-stroke engine is achieved by the: body, a crank link mechanism, the gas distribution mechanism, the lubrication system, fuel supply system, cooling system, ignition system and so on.

新型发动机的结构型式有很大改变,主要在以下几个方面。 The new structure type engine has changed dramatically, mainly in the following areas.

1、普通四行程发动机的机体包括一个气缸体,一个气缸盖,一个曲轴箱和机油盘。 1, the body's normal four-stroke engine includes a cylinder block, a cylinder head, a crankcase and the oil pan.

不同的是:新型发动机是每个机体上有两个曲轴箱,它没有气缸盖,只是有两个为配气所设制的配气侧盖。 Except that: there are two new engine crankcase on each body, it does not have a cylinder head, but there are two of the air valve is provided with a side cover made.

2、曲柄杆机构包括每个机体上有一根曲轴每个气缸内有一只活塞。 2, the crank lever mechanism comprising a crankshaft for each cylinder has a piston on each body.

我所设计的发动机包括每个机体上有两根曲轴,两根曲轴相对的一端各装有一只相同齿数并相吻合的定位齿轮,它的每个气缸内有两只活塞和两个连杆。 I have designed two engine comprising a crankshaft, two respective opposite end of the crankshaft with a same number of teeth and consistent positioning of each gear body, there are two pistons and two cylinders of each rod within it.

3、配气机构包括:气门、气门弹簧、气门挺杆、气门推杆、摇臂轴、凸轮轴及凸轮正时齿轮等构成。 3, the valve mechanism comprising: a valve, valve spring, valve lifter, valve push rod, rocker shaft timing camshaft and cam gear, and the like.

新型发动机由于不是顶置式气缸盖,它是把顶置式气缸盖的进气和排气门分别设计在气缸两侧的活塞相对处。 The new engine cylinder head because it is not an overhead, which overhead is to cylinder head intake and exhaust valves are designed on both sides of the cylinder opposite the piston. 所以,它的配气侧盖上各有一根凸轮轴和正时齿轮。 Therefore, it is the valve cover each side of the camshaft and a timing gear.

4、润滑系包括,机油泵、机油集滤器、机油滤清器、限压阀和气缸体上的油道等。 4, comprises a lubrication system, oil pump, oil strainer, the oil filter, the oil passage a pressure limiting valve and the like on the cylinder block.

所不同的是它有两个机油泵,分别安装在气缸两端的曲轴箱内,使用两个曲轴箱内的机油润滑。 Except that it has two oil pump are mounted on both ends of the cylinder crankcase, with two crankcase lubricating oil.

5、燃料供给系包括:燃油箱、燃油泵、化油器、滤清器、空气滤清器、进排气支管等。 5, the fuel supply system comprising: a fuel tank, fuel pump, carburetor, filters, air filters, and the like into the exhaust manifold.

新型发动机的燃料供给型式主要是用定量喷射式供油。 The fuel supply patterns new engine oil jet is mainly quantitative.

6、点火系包括分电器,点火线圈、火花塞等。 6, the ignition system comprises a distributor, ignition coil, spark plugs and the like.

所不同的是它的火花塞安装在两活塞相对处的机体上。 The difference is that a spark plug is mounted on the body at two opposite pistons.

目前,我们所使用的气车和摩托车上安装的是四行程和二行程发动机。 Currently, the installation of the gas we use cars and motorcycles are four-stroke and two-stroke engine. 活塞在气缸内往复四个单程完成进气、压缩、作功、排气四个过程叫做四行程发动机,活塞在气缸内往复两个单程完成进气,压缩作功、排气四个过程的发动机叫做二行程发动机。 A piston reciprocating in the cylinder to complete the four-way intake, compression, for power, a process known as four four exhaust stroke engine, a piston reciprocating in the cylinder to complete two-way intake, compression work, four engine exhaust process called a two-stroke engine.

四行程发动机和二行程发动机作功时,气缸内的活塞同样有两个止点,分别是上止点和下止点。 When the four-stroke engines and two-stroke engines for power, within the cylinder-piston also has two dead points, respectively, top dead center and the bottom dead center.

上止点是活塞离曲轴回转中心最远处。 Top dead center of the piston is farthest from the center of rotation of the crankshaft.

下止点是活塞离曲轴回转中心最近处。 A piston bottom dead center of rotation of the crankshaft from the nearest.

二行程发动机和四行程发动机具备同样的四个循环过程和工作原理,现用二行程发动机的工作原理说明和新型发动机的相同。 Two-stroke engines and four-stroke engine has the same cycle and four working principle, the same principle described two-stroke engine and a new active engine.

二行程单缸发动机的气缸壁上有吸气、进气和排气三个孔道,有一个曲轴箱和一根曲轴,气缸内有一只活塞,并且有一个气缸盖。 Two-stroke single cylinder engine cylinder wall has an intake, the intake and exhaust three channels, there is a crankshaft and a crankcase, the cylinder has a piston and a cylinder head.

我所设计的新型单缸二行程发动机,它的气缸壁上有六个孔道,分别是两个吸气孔,两个进气孔和两个排气孔,它的气缸相对应的两端设有两个相同的曲轴箱和两根相同的曲轴,两根曲轴相对应的一端,各装有一只互相吻合的相同齿数的定位齿轮,使两曲轴同时相对运转。 I single-cylinder two-stroke engine designed novel, its cylinder wall has six channels, respectively, two suction holes, two intake and two exhaust holes, which correspond to the cylinder ends provided there are two identical crankcase and crankshaft two identical, two corresponding end of the crankshaft, with the same number of teeth of each gear positioning an anastomosis with each other, so that the two opposing crank operated simultaneously. 气缸内同时装有两只活塞,并且气缸内有两只活塞相对作功的行程。 At the same time with two piston-cylinder, and has two opposite piston within the cylinder for power stroke. 火花塞在两活塞压缩至接近上止点时发生电火花,爆发的混合气直接推动两只活塞。 Two compression ignition plug spark to occur when the piston near top dead center, the gas mixture directly promote the outbreak of the two pistons.

现普通二行程发动机气缸壁上的三个孔可分别在一定时刻被活塞所封闭,吸气孔与化油器相通,可燃混合气可通过吸气孔进入曲轴箱,又可再经过进气孔进入气缸内,而废气则经过排气孔排出。 Three cylinder wall holes may be ordinary two-cycle engines are now at a given time is closed by the piston, the intake bore in communication with the carburetor, the combustible mixture into the crankcase may be by suction holes, can be subdivided into the through hole enters the cylinder, while the exhaust gas is discharged through the vent.

所不同的是新型发动机的六个孔道分别在一定的时刻被二只活塞封闭,它的二个吸气孔与化油器相通,可燃混合气从两吸气孔分别进入气缸两端的两个曲轴箱,再经过两进气孔进入,同一个气缸内,所产生的废气则分别由两个排气孔排出。 Except that the six channels are blocked new engines two piston at a certain moment, the two suction holes which communicates with the carburetor, the combustible gas mixture from the suction holes into the two ends of the cylinder are two crankshafts box, and then enter through two inlet holes, exhaust gas generated respectively from the two discharge vent within the same cylinder.

现普通发动机和新型发动机的二个工作行程。 Two existing ordinary working stroke engine and a new engine.

第一行程。 The first stroke. 现普通发动机的活塞由下止点向上止点移动,先封闭了排气孔和进气孔,然后,压缩已充入活塞上方气缸内的可燃混和气,当活塞让出吸气孔时,可燃混合气由于活塞下方形式的真空度而被吸入曲轴箱内,待活塞移至上止点时,火花塞发生电火花,点燃被压缩的可燃混合气,发生爆发作功。 The piston now ordinary engine stop by the dead center point is moved upward, closing the first intake port and the exhaust port, and then, the compressed air has been charged into the combustible mixture in the cylinder above the piston when the piston so that the air suction hole, combustible Since the degree of vacuum in the form of a mixed gas under the piston is sucked into the crankcase and, to be moved to the top dead center of the piston, the occurrence of spark plugs spark, igniting the combustible mixture is compressed, for power outbreak occurs.

新型发动机的第一行程,两活塞由下止点向上止点同时相对移动,先封闭两排气孔和两进气孔,然后,压缩已充入两活塞之间气缸内的混合气,同时,可燃混合气,由于两活塞下方形成的真空而被吸入两曲轴箱,当两只活塞行至接近上止点时,两括塞相对处气缸壁上的火花塞发生电火花,点燃被压缩的可燃混合气,爆发作功。 The first new stroke engines, two by the piston bottom dead center to the top dead center while relatively moving the first two vents and two closed air intake, then, compressed air has been charged into the mixture within the cylinder between the two pistons, at the same time, the combustible mixture, due to the vacuum formed beneath the two pistons crankcase is drawn, when the two lines to the piston near the top dead center, the plug comprising two opposite walls of the cylinder a spark plug spark occurs, ignition of the combustible mixture is compressed gas, erupted for power.

现普通二行程发动机的第二行程。 Now the second stroke of the ordinary two-cycle engine. 活塞受到爆发燃气压力的推动,由上止点向下止点移动,通过连杆带动曲轴作功,当活塞让出排气孔和进气孔时,一方面气缸的废气由于它本身的压力较高而从排气孔窜出,另一方面,曲轴箱内的混合气受到活塞下方的压力作用,而从进气孔挤入气缸内。 The piston driven by the gas pressure of the outbreak, the top dead center bottom dead center moves, through the connecting rod for power to drive the crankshaft, when the piston is let out and into the vent hole, on the one hand due to the pressure of the exhaust gas cylinder itself more high and sprang from the vent hole, on the other hand, a mixed gas of the crankcase below the piston subjected to pressure, and squeezed into the cylinder from the intake port. 同时,也起驱除残余废气的作用。 At the same time, also from residual gas purge action.

所不同的是:新型发动机的两活塞受到爆发燃气压力的推动,由上止点向下止点移动时,由两根连杆带动两根曲轴旋转作功,燃后,由两曲轴相对端的定位齿轮将两曲轴的旋转力连在一起,并使两曲轴按同一角度继续旋转。 The difference is: the new engine pistons driven by gas pressure of the outbreak, the top dead center when the bottom dead center moves, two by two rod driven for power crankshaft rotation, the combustion by the two opposite ends of the crankshaft is positioned the rotational force of the gear of the crankshaft together two, and two crank continues to rotate by the same angle. 到活塞让出两排气孔和两进气孔时,气缸内的废气就会从两排气排出,两曲轴箱内的可燃混合气则受到两活塞下方的压力作用,而由两进气孔进入气缸内。 When the piston so that the two vents and two intake hole, the exhaust gas in the cylinder will be discharged from the two exhaust gas, the combustible gas mixture is subjected to two crankcase pressure below the two pistons, the intake port consists of two into the cylinder. 也就完成了作功和换气两个过程。 Also completed two for power and gas exchange process.

现普通发动机是由爆发力推动一只活塞,由一只连杆带动一根曲轴旋转,新型发动机是利用爆发力推动两只活塞,由二个连杆带动两根曲轴旋转,再用两个定位齿轮把两由轴的旋转力连在一起,成为发动机的总动力。 Now ordinary engine piston is driven by an explosive, a rod driven by the rotation of a crankshaft, the new engine is explosively pushing two pistons, two by two rod driven crankshaft rotation, then the two positioning gears the rotational force of the two together by the shaft, to become the total power of the engine.

这种新型发动机优于现普通发动机有以下几点:第一点:在和现普通发动机相比较,排气量和气缸直径相同的情况下,新型发动机的两活塞行程之和,等于现普通发动机活塞的行程。 This new engine over the prior ordinary engine has the following points: the first point: in general and the current engine compared to the case where the same displacement and cylinder diameter, two new engine and the piston stroke, is now equal to the ordinary engine stroke of the piston. 新型发动机每只活塞的行程等于现普通发动机活塞行程的一半,发动机作功时,如果活塞的运行速度不变,那么,新型发动机每作一次功需要的时间只是现普通发动机做一次功需用时间的二分之一,这样,就加快了新型发动机的作功次数,等于增加了新型发动机的功率。 The new engine is equal to half the stroke of each piston is now common engine piston stroke, the engine for power, if the piston speed of change, then, for every time a new engine work is now needed is a common engine do the work required time one-half, so we accelerated the number of new engines for power, equivalent to an increase of the power of the new engine.

第二点:现普通发动机每个气缸内有一只活塞,而新型发动机每个气缸内有两只活塞,在气缸直径相同时,新型发动机活塞面积的总和等于现普通发动机活塞面积的二倍,发动机作功时,爆发力迅速推动两只活塞,从而,增加了发动机的动力,使新型发动机比现普通发动机起速快。 Second: the ordinary engine now has a piston for each cylinder, and the new engine per cylinder two pistons in the same cylinder diameter, the total area of ​​the new engine piston is now equal to twice the piston area of ​​the stock engine, the engine when for power, power is quickly pushing two pistons, thereby, increasing the engine power, so that the new engine from the engine speed faster than the normal current.

第三点:这种型式的发动机,活塞行程短,曲轴回转直径小,降低了活塞气缸和曲轴等部件的摩损增加了发动机的使用时间。 The third point: this type of engine, short stroke piston, crankshaft revolutions smaller diameter, reducing the piston cylinder member and the crankshaft increases the wear time of the engine.

第四点:新型发动机的功率大,传动和动力性强,摩损小,在单位时间里,新型发动机和现普通发动机转速相同时,新型发动机比现普通发动机使用的燃料少,这种型式的发动机省油。 The fourth point: new engine power is large, and the transmission power is strong, small abrasion, per unit time, the new engine and the same engine rotational speed is now common, the new engine is less than the fuel used by the engine are now common, this type fuel-efficient engines.

第五点:现普通发动机作功时,发动机的曲轴会产生不平衡的振动,新型发动机作功时,它装有两根曲轴,并用定位齿轮相控制,使它们同时相对运转,两曲轴产生的振动力就会互相低消。 Fifth: the time is now common for the engine power, the crankshaft of the engine vibration is generated imbalance, when the new engine for power, which is provided with two crank, gears and with positioning control, so that they operate at the same time relatively, two crankshaft generated low vibration force will eliminate each other. 使发动机运行平稳。 The engine running smoothly.

第六点:现普通发动机作功时,气缸内的直接受热点有三个,一个是气缸壁、一个是气缸盖、一个是活塞顶面,新型发动机没有气缸盖,所以直接受热点只有二个,一个是气缸壁、一个是活塞,新型发动机减少了对外受热点,降低了附加散热器的散热量。 Sixth: When the engine is now common for power, directly by the hot spots in a three cylinder, is a cylinder wall, is a cylinder head, a top surface of a piston, a cylinder head the engine is not new, it is directly affected by the hotspot only two, It is a cylinder wall, a piston, new engine by reducing the external hot, reducing the amount of additional heat radiator.

这种新型发动机具有耗油量小马力大、摩损小、起速快、功率大、运行平稳等特点,它打破了普通发动机每个气缸内只有一只活塞的历史,这种型式发动机的成功,将成为改进我国目前普遍使用的内燃机的前身,如果按本实用新型专利所涉及的内燃机制造的发动机将会是我国内燃机的一个新的变革,使我国的内燃机走在世界的前列,对所有使用内燃机的工农业有强大的推动作用。 The new engine has a fuel consumption of a small horsepower, wear small, fast starting speed, power, smooth running characteristics, it broke the only one in the history of ordinary piston engine each cylinder, the success of this type of engine , will be to improve the predecessor of the current widespread use of the internal combustion engine, the internal combustion engine if you press the utility model patents related to manufacturing will be a new revolution of the internal combustion engine, the internal combustion engine at the forefront of our world, for all uses the internal combustion engine industry and agriculture have a strong role in promoting.

以下、将结合附图对本实用新型按安装型式,做进一步的描述。 Hereinafter, according to the invention in conjunction with the installation type, further description of the accompanying drawings.

图1是:本实用新型的结构示意图。 Figure 1 is a: a schematic view of the structure of the present invention.

图2是:本实用新型的工作原理图。 Figure 2 is: the present invention operating principle.

参照图1,本发动机有一个汽缸体(11)它的两端装有二个曲轴箱(7),气缸体(11)的外面在散热片(14),气缸体(11)里面有两只相同的活塞(10)和两个相同的连杆(9)曲轴箱内装有二根相同曲径的曲轴(6)并与曲轴箱(7)之间用轴承(12)固定,两曲轴(6)相对的一端装有相同齿数的定位齿轮(5)两只齿轮(5)与中间的一个定位齿轮(5)相吻合,以确定两曲轴(6)能按同一角度,同时运转,中间的定位齿轮(5)的轮轴作为发动机的动力输出轴(4),输出轴(4)的一端安装在气缸体(11)上,另一端穿过齿轮壳(2)并且用轴承(3)固定、气缸体(11)内的两活塞(10)与两连杆(9)之间用活塞肖(1)连接,连杆(9)与两曲轴(6)之间用肖轴(8)连接,火花塞(13)设在气缸体(11)上,两活塞(10)的相对处。 Referring to FIG. 1, the engine has a cylinder block (11) of its ends is equipped with two crankcase (7), outside the cylinder block (11) (14), a cylinder block (11) there are two fin the same piston (10) and two identical connecting rods (9) with the crank shaft crankcase same two labyrinth (6) and between the crankcase (7) with a bearing (12) is fixed, two of the crankshaft (6 ) positioned opposite the end containing the same gear teeth (5) two gears (5) and the intermediate one of the positioning gear (5) coincide, to determine two of the crankshaft (6) can be by the same angle, while the operation of positioning the intermediate a gear shaft (5) as a power output shaft of the engine (4), one end of the output shaft (4) mounted on the cylinder block (11), the other end through the gear housing (2) and the bearing (3) is fixed, the cylinder two pistons (10) between two connecting rod (9) with live Sexiao (1) connected to the inner body (11), connected to Shaw shaft (8) rod (9) between the two crank shaft (6), the spark plug (13) provided in the cylinder block (11), opposite the pistons (10).

两曲轴(6)相对同运转,由两连杆(9)带动两活塞(10)压缩两活塞(10)之间的可燃混合气,当两活塞(10)接近上止总时,火花塞(13)发生电火花,点燃被压缩的可燃混合气,发生爆发,推动两活塞(10)迅速向下止点运行,由两连杆(9)推动两曲轴(6)旋转,这种转动力由定位齿轮(5)带动输出轴(4)发生动力。 Two crank shaft (6) relative to the same operation, the two connecting rod (9) driven by two pistons (10) of the combustible mixture compressed between two pistons (10), when the two pistons (10) near the top dead center of the total, the spark plug (13 ) occurrence of spark, igniting compressed combustible mixture, an outbreak occurs, pushing the two pistons (10) run quickly bottom dead center, the two links (9) pushing two crankshaft (6) is rotated, this rotational force by the location gear (5) driven by the output shaft (4) and the driving force.

参照图1、图2说明新型发动机的工作循环。 Referring to FIG 1, FIG 2 illustrates a new operating cycle of the engine.

本发动机的气缸体(11)上有两个进气孔(15)、两个吸气孔(16)和两个排气孔(17),两吸气孔(16)与化油器相通,可燃混合气从两吸气孔(16)分别进入气缸体(11)两端的两个曲轴箱(7)再经过两进气孔(15)进入一个气缸体(11)内。 A cylinder block of this engine (11) with two inlet holes (15), two suction holes (16) and two discharge holes (17), the two suction holes (16) in communication with the carburetor, combustible mixture into the cylinder body from the two suction holes (16) respectively (11) across the two crankcase (7) and then through two inlet holes (15) to enter a cylinder block (11). 产生的废气分别由两排气孔(17)排出。 Exhaust gas generated respectively (17) is discharged from the two exhaust hole.

新型发动机的第一工作循环,结合图2-ab两活塞(10)由下止点向上止点移动,先封闭两排气孔(17)和两进气孔(15)然后压缩已充入两活塞(10)之间气缸体(11)内的可燃混合气,同时可燃混合气由于两活塞(10)下方形成的真空度而从吸气孔、(16)吸入两曲轴箱(7)当两只活塞(10)行至接近上止点时,两活塞(10)相对处,气缸体(11)壁上的火花塞(13)发生电火花,点燃被压缩的可燃混合气爆发作功。 The first duty cycle new engine, in conjunction with FIG. 2-ab pistons (10) from the top dead center BDC movement, the first closing two exhaust hole (17) and two inlet holes (15) and two compression has been charged between the piston cylinder member (10) within the combustible mixture (11), while the vacuum degree of the combustible mixture formed in (10) below the two piston (16) two suction crankcase (7) from the intake aperture, when the two only a piston (10) approaches the line to the top dead center, the two pistons (10) opposite the cylinder block (11) wall of a spark plug (13) the occurrence of spark, igniting the compressed fuel mixture for power broke.

新型发动机的第二行程,结合图2-cd两活塞(10)受到爆发气压力的推动,由上止点移向下止点。 The second new engine stroke, in conjunction with FIG. 2-cd two pistons (10) driven by the gas pressure of the outbreak, the top dead center toward the bottom dead center. 由两根连杆(9)推动两根曲轴(6)旋转作功,然后,由两根曲轴(6)相对端的定位齿轮(5)将两曲轴(6)的旋转力连在一起,并使两曲轴(6)按同一角度继续旋转,到活塞(10)让出两排气孔(17)和两进气孔(15)时,气缸体(11)内的废气,从两排气孔(17)排出,两曲轴箱(7)内的可燃混合气则受到两活塞(10)下方的压力作用,而由两进气孔(15)进入同一个气缸体(11)内,从而完成了作功和换气两个行程。 By the two connecting rods (9) pushing two crankshaft (6) for rotating the work, and then, the two crankshaft (6) (5) together the two crank shaft (6) rotational force opposite end positioning gear, and two crank shaft (6) continues to rotate by the same angle, the piston (10) so that the two exhaust hole (17) and two inlet holes (15), the exhaust gas in the cylinder body (11), from two vents ( 17) discharging the combustible mixture in the two crankcase (7) is subjected to a pressure below the pistons (10), and the two air intake (15) into the same cylinder block (11), thereby completing the work and two ventilation power stroke.

Claims (2)

  1. 1. 1. 一种新型发动机,由机体、曲柄杆机构、配气机构、润滑系、燃料供给系、冷却系、点火系和定位齿轮组组成,其特征是:发动机的每个气缸内有两只相同并相对的活塞,气缸体两端各有一个曲轴箱,里面各有一组分别轴连接的曲轴和连杆,两连杆和活塞分别用活塞肖轴连接,两根曲轴平行放置,对应在气缸体一侧的两个曲轴轴头上,分别装有两个相同齿数的定位齿轮,并按两曲轴的对应角度啮合在中间的定位齿轮上。 A new type of engine, a body, a crank lever mechanism, the gas distribution mechanism, the lubrication system, fuel supply system, cooling system, ignition system and positioning the group consisting gear, characterized in that: there are the same two in each cylinder of the engine and opposite a piston, both ends of each cylinder block a crankcase, which each have a set of crankshaft and connecting rod respectively connected to the shaft, and the piston rod respectively two live Sexiao shaft, two placed parallel to the crankshaft, the cylinder block side corresponding to two crank shafts heads, respectively positioned with the gear teeth of two identical, two press the corresponding angle of the crankshaft is positioned in the middle of the engaging gear.
  2. 2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的发动机,其特征是:每个气缸内有两只活塞相对运行的行程,发动机的进气和排气设置在气缸体的侧面,火花塞设置在两活塞相对最近处的气缸体上。 The engine according to claim 1, wherein: the piston has two opposite operating stroke each cylinder, the engine intake and exhaust sides of the cylinder block is provided, a spark plug disposed at two opposite piston cylinder nearest on the body.
CN 96215995 1996-07-24 1996-07-24 Single-cylinder double-piston-opposite type engine CN2339759Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96215995 CN2339759Y (en) 1996-07-24 1996-07-24 Single-cylinder double-piston-opposite type engine

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CN2339759Y true CN2339759Y (en) 1999-09-22

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100408819C (en) 2003-03-26 2008-08-06 爱德华·彼特罗维奇·伯明斯基 Piston mechanism provided with divergent pistons
CN101050724B (en) 2006-04-07 2010-05-12 张振峰 Double working internal combustion engine
CN101881214A (en) * 2010-05-28 2010-11-10 苏世专 Side pressure-free engine with superposed cylinders
CN102011647A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-04-13 都江堰东翔环保科技有限公司 Double crank shaft horizontal combustion motor with bidirectional piston cylinder
CN102094702A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-06-15 杨成元 Novel four-stroke layered double-swirling combustion energy-saving internal-combustion engine with new air distribution mechanism
CN102155285A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-17 杨成元 Novel four-stroke four-cylinder layered dual-vortex combustion energy-saving internal combustion engine with new gas distribution mechanism
CN104791096A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-22 邵金彪 Two-in-one cylinder horizontally-opposed double-crankshaft engine
CN105317544A (en) * 2014-07-02 2016-02-10 北京理工大学 Horizontally-opposed piston two-stroke gasoline engine and operating method thereof
CN105804869A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-07-27 刘运金 Double-shaft piston engine

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100408819C (en) 2003-03-26 2008-08-06 爱德华·彼特罗维奇·伯明斯基 Piston mechanism provided with divergent pistons
CN101050724B (en) 2006-04-07 2010-05-12 张振峰 Double working internal combustion engine
CN101881214A (en) * 2010-05-28 2010-11-10 苏世专 Side pressure-free engine with superposed cylinders
CN101881214B (en) 2010-05-28 2012-06-06 苏世专 Side pressure-free engine with superposed cylinders
CN102011647A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-04-13 都江堰东翔环保科技有限公司 Double crank shaft horizontal combustion motor with bidirectional piston cylinder
CN102094702A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-06-15 杨成元 Novel four-stroke layered double-swirling combustion energy-saving internal-combustion engine with new air distribution mechanism
CN102155285A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-17 杨成元 Novel four-stroke four-cylinder layered dual-vortex combustion energy-saving internal combustion engine with new gas distribution mechanism
CN102155285B (en) 2011-01-26 2013-05-22 杨成元 Novel four-stroke four-cylinder layered dual-vortex combustion energy-saving internal combustion engine with new gas distribution mechanism
CN102094702B (en) 2011-01-26 2013-12-04 杨成元 Novel four-stroke layered double-swirling combustion energy-saving internal-combustion engine with new air distribution mechanism
CN105317544A (en) * 2014-07-02 2016-02-10 北京理工大学 Horizontally-opposed piston two-stroke gasoline engine and operating method thereof
CN104791096A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-22 邵金彪 Two-in-one cylinder horizontally-opposed double-crankshaft engine
CN104791096B (en) * 2015-03-23 2017-05-10 邵金彪 Unity two-cylinder horizontally opposed engine crankshaft bis
CN105804869A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-07-27 刘运金 Double-shaft piston engine

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