CN2332376Y - Two-segment non-buried shaped gum planting body - Google Patents

Two-segment non-buried shaped gum planting body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2332376Y
CN2332376Y CN 98203120 CN98203120U CN2332376Y CN 2332376 Y CN2332376 Y CN 2332376Y CN 98203120 CN98203120 CN 98203120 CN 98203120 U CN98203120 U CN 98203120U CN 2332376 Y CN2332376 Y CN 2332376Y
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CN
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implant
planting
gingival
body
segment
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CN 98203120
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Chinese (zh)
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董福生
田雨
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河北医大厚朴口腔种植科技中心
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a dentistry appliance, particularly a two-segment non-buried type gum planting body. The utility model comprises planting piles 2a, 2b, and an implanting body 3. A connecting position of the two segments is provided with a hexagonal table and a hole which are in splicing match, and the two segments are tightly connected by a tightening screw in a central hole of the planting body. The utility model has design points that the implanting body 3 and the implanting pile 2b of a table-shaped lower half part are formed into integration, the end part of the segment is connected with a corona-shaped gum shaping device 5 which can be assembled and disassembled. When the planting body carries out artificial teeth restoration, a favorable gum sleeve can be formed, and therefore, the utility model is suitable for restoring ceramic coronas.

Description

两段非埋置式龈成型种植体 Buried Non-gingival forming two implants

本实用新型涉及一种牙科器具,具体地说是一种人工牙种植体。 The present invention relates to a dental appliance, in particular a dental implant.

牙齿是人体不可缺少的器官之一,牙齿失落后,人们常常需要通过种植义齿来代偿其功能。 Teeth are one of the essential body organs, after tooth loss, people often need to compensate by planting its feature denture. 为提高种植义齿的成功率和使用寿命,现在临床常采用两段式种植体进行义齿种植。 In order to improve the success rate of implant denture and service life, now often used a two-stage clinical implant dentures were planted. 这种两段种植体包括有种植桩、颈部及植入体三部分,其种植体与颈部为一段,种植桩单为一段,在两段的接连处有六方台、孔插接配合,种植体中心孔中的紧固螺钉将两段体紧固连接。 This implant comprises two pile planting, three neck portion and the implant, which implant is a length of the neck, is a length of a single pile planting, there are two hexagonal at the successive station, with the insertion hole, implant central bore in the fastening screws fastening two bodies. 在进行种植时,需先在局麻状态下切开牙龈、翻瓣备洞,再植入植入体段,缝合牙龈粘膜。 During planting, the need to cut the gum under local anesthesia state, flap prepared hole, and then implant the implant segment, suturing the gingival mucosa. 数月后再对植入体相对的牙龈部位开窗,将种植桩插接,并用螺钉旋紧,就此完成种植手术。 Several months after the gum part of the implant relative window will be planted pile plug, and tighten the screws, thus completed implant surgery. 这种方法的缺点是,需要做两次手术,因而既增加了病人的痛苦,又可因创口感染机会的增多而影响了种植义齿的效果。 The disadvantage of this method is the need to do two operations, thus not only increasing the suffering of the patients, but also because of increased chance of wound infection affecting the effectiveness of implant denture. 为克服这一缺点,CN97209996号专利公开了一种两段非埋置式种植体,这种种植体是将1.5-2毫米的种植桩与植入体、颈部制成一段,其余种植桩为另一段,这样,在进行种植时,在牙龈粘膜备洞后,将植入体与颈部植入颌骨,1.5-2毫米长的种植桩则露于颌骨外的牙龈粘膜中,数月后再直接将另一段种植桩段与连有部分种植桩的植入体插接配合,用螺钉旋紧,实现了只用一次手术完成种植全过程。 To overcome this drawback, Patent No. CN97209996 discloses a two-stage non-embedded type implant, this implant is 1.5-2 mm and the pile planting the implant, the neck section is made, the rest to another pile planting section, so that, during planting, after drilling at the gingival mucosa, the implant neck jawbone implant, 1.5-2 mm long pile planting gingival mucosa is exposed to the outside of the jaw bone, a few months later and then directly to another segment section pile planted portion and connected with a growing pile implant mating plug, with the screws tightened, achieved only once the procedure is completed the whole cultivation process. 由于这种方法只能有1.5-2毫米长的种植桩露于颌骨外,故牙龈粘膜洞在修复过程中,不能形成良好的龈袖套,故只适用于卫生桥冠或盖嵴式冠的修复,而不能用于仿真效果好的烤瓷冠的修复。 Since this method only 1.5-2 mm long pile planted mandible exposed outside, so that the hole in the gingival mucous membrane repair process can not form a good gingival cuff, it applies only to the crown or bridge sanitary cover ridge crown of formula repair, and can not be used to simulate the effect of a good porcelain crown restoration.

本实用新型就是要提供一种可形成良好龈袖套的两段非埋置式种植体,以适用于仿真性好、卫生、美观的烤瓷冠的修复。 The present invention is to provide a two-stage form of non-embedded type implant good gingival cuff to apply to repair simulation is good, health, aesthetic porcelain crowns.

本实用新型的目的是这样实现的:种植体仍包括有种植桩和带有螺纹的植入体,在两段的连接处仍有六方台、孔插接配合,种植体中心孔中的紧固螺钉可将两段紧固连接,设计的关键部位在于上半部种植桩为种植体上段,植入体与台形下半部种植桩成一体,为种植体下段,该段的端部连接有可装卸的冠状龈成型器。 The object of the present invention is achieved: planting the implant post and still includes a threaded implant, at the junction of two units still hexagonal, with the plug hole, the center hole in the implant tightening two screw fastening may be, that the design of key parts of the upper half section of pile planted on the implant, the implant with the table-shaped lower half pile planting integrally as implant segment that can be connected to the end of the loading and unloading of coronal gingival former.

如此设计的种植体,在进行义齿修复时,仍是从牙龈粘膜处备洞,再将植入体植入,将下半部种植桩暴露于牙龈粘膜外,此后将冠状龈成型器安装固定在下半部种植桩上,这样,经过数月的牙龈粘膜的修复,游离部分的牙龈就会在形如牙冠的龈成型器周围愈合成一个龈袖套,此时卸掉龈成型器,在下段种植体上安装固定好上段种植体,制作牙模后,再次装上龈成型器,待烤瓷冠制好后,再取下龈成型器,在下段种植体上固定上段种植体和烤瓷冠。 Thus designed implant during denture, is still prepared hole from the gingival mucosa, and then implanting the implant, the lower half of the pile planted gingival mucosa exposed to the outside, after which the former fixed crown lower gingival the upper half of the pile planting, so that, after several months to repair the gingival mucosa, gingival free fraction will heal shaped like a crown around the former into a gingival cuff gingival, gingival remove former case, the lower section mounted on the fixed upper segment implants implant, the dental mold making, again fitted with gingival forming, after the crown to be made good, then remove the gingival former, and fixing the implant crown section on the lower section of the implant .

由于本实用新型在下段种植体上配套安装有冠状龈成型器,使牙龈粘膜在愈合过程中能够包围在冠状龈成型器的周围,形成一个良好的龈袖套,按该龈袖套印制牙模、制作烤瓷冠,烤瓷冠的边缘部分即可伸入至龈下,并与龈袖套紧密贴合,形成一种可防止齿间隙存留食物残渣及牙垢的仿真性好、美观实用的义齿。 Since the present invention is attached to the lower stage supporting the coronal implant gingival forming, gingival mucosa during the healing process can surround around the crown gum shaper, to form a good gingival cuff, printed by the tooth gingival cuff mold, making crown, the crown edge portion to extend into the gingival, and gingival cuff in close contact to form a tooth gap prevents plaque and food debris remaining simulation good aesthetic and practical denture. 从而克服了原两段非埋置式种植体不适用于烤瓷冠修复的不足之处。 Thereby overcoming a buried at the original two implants does not apply to non-porcelain crowns deficiencies.

以下结合附图对本实用新型作进一步详述:图1是本实用新型的结构示意图图2是图1的AA向剖视图。 BRIEF described in further detail below in conjunction with the present invention which: FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention FIG. 2 is an AA cross-sectional view to FIG. 1.

如图1所示本种植体包括有植入体3,上、下两部分种植桩2a、2b,冠状龈成型器5,植入体3表面制有紧固螺纹,植入体3与下半部分种植桩2b制为一体,构成下段种植体,在下段种植体的端部安装一个可装可卸的类牙冠型龈成型器5。 As shown in Figure 1 of the present implant 3 comprises a body implant, the upper and lower pile planted portions 2a, 2b, crown gum shaper 5, the surface of the implant 3 is formed with a fastening thread, the implant 3 and the lower half pile planted portion 2b made integrally, constituting the lower section of the implant, the end portion of the lower section of the implant can be installed detachably mounting a dental crown category 5 type gingival former. 下半部分种植桩2b高为1.5-2毫米呈台形,使其便于与所设置的冠状龈成型器5配合形成合宜的龈袖套模型。 Pile Planting lower half 2b is 1.5-2 mm high trapezoid shape, making it easy to crown molding with gingival set 5 cooperate to form convenient gingival cuff model. 为使下段种植体2b能与冠状龈成型器5更好地连接紧固,最好在下半部种植桩2b的台形面上制一凸台1,与龈成型器5相对应的孔插接配合,紧固螺钉6通过冠状龈成型器及种植体上的中心孔,将两者连接固定。 The lower section 2b of the implant and crown gum former can be better connected to fastening 5, preferably in the lower trapezoidal face of pile planting braking a boss 2b 1, 5 gingival forming holes corresponding mating plug , fastening screws 6, both connected and fixed through the coronary gingival former and the center hole in the implant. 在需与上段种植体紧固连接时,可卸掉紧固螺钉6,将冠状龈成型器取下。 When required fastened to the upper implant, fastening screws 6 can be relieved, remove the former crown gum. 在上半部分种植桩2a的下面仍制有六方台,下半部种植桩2b的顶面仍开有内六方孔,上、下两段种植体需连接固定时,可插接配合,紧固螺钉4通过种植体中心孔将两段种植体紧固连接在一起。 When the upper half 2a remains below the pile planting is formed with a hexagonal table, a top surface of the lower half 2b pile planting is still open hexagonal inner bore, the implant to be connected to the two fixed pluggable mating fastening the screws 4 are connected together by a central bore two implants fastened implant.

为了提高种植体的抗松动能力,如图2所示,在植入体3上制作三个对称的且偏离圆心的直角止退槽,使植入体3在与颌骨镶嵌时,能构成不可逆转的固力位。 In order to improve resistance to implant loosening capability, as shown in FIG prepared three symmetrical right-angled and offset from the center of the retaining groove 32 in the implant, when the implant between the bone and insert 3 can be configured not solid bit reversal force. 直角止退槽的深度最好大于植入体上的螺纹牙的深度,以便减轻患者在植入植入体时的痛苦。 Right-angled retaining groove depth is preferably greater than the depth of the thread on the implant, in order to alleviate the suffering of the patient upon implantation of the implant.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种两段非埋置式龈成型种植体,包括有种植桩(2a.2b)、带螺纹的植入体(3),在两段的连接处有六方台、孔插接配合,种植体中心孔中的紧固螺钉(4)将两段紧固连接,其特征在于上半部种植桩(2a)为种植体上段,植入体(3)与台形下半部种植桩(2b)成一体,为种植体下段,该段的端部连接有可装卸的冠状龈成型器(5)。 A two-stage non-gingival forming a buried implant, comprising planting piles (2a.2b), a threaded implant (3), has a hexagonal table, the hole plug fitted at the junction of two cultivation body central bore fastening screw (4) fastening the two sections, characterized in that the upper half of the growing pile (2a) of the implant segment, the implant (3) and the pile planting trapezoidal lower half (2b) integrally, to implant the segment that is detachably connected to the end of the gingiva crown molding (5).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的种植体,其特征在于所说的种植体下段与冠状龈成型器(5)通过连接部所设的凸台和孔插接配合,紧固螺钉(6)通过冠状龈成型器(5)上设置的与种植体下段相通的中心孔,将两者紧固连接。 2. The implant according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower section of said implant and gingival crown molding (5) boss and the plug fitting hole disposed through the connecting portion, the fastening screw (6) gingival crown molding (5) communicates with the lower implant hole provided in the center, the two fastening.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的种植体,其特征在于所说的植入体3上设有偏离圆心的直角止退槽。 The implant of claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that the deviation from the center at right angles with retaining grooves 3 of said implant.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的种植体,其特征在于所说的直角止退槽的深度大于植入体上的螺纹牙的深度。 4. The implant according to claim 3, wherein the depth of said retaining groove at right angles greater than the depth of the thread on the implant.
CN 98203120 1998-04-03 1998-04-03 Two-segment non-buried shaped gum planting body CN2332376Y (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100539963C (en) 2001-10-04 2009-09-16 斯特恩戈尔德公司 Apparatus and method for anchoring a dental appliance
CN102357044A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-02-22 光寒冰 Ceramic abutment for dental implant and manufacturing method for ceramic abutment
US8123524B2 (en) 2005-04-12 2012-02-28 Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L. Dental implant, pieces to be connected to a dental implant, and the internal connection between the dental implant and each piece
CN104794254A (en) * 2014-01-22 2015-07-22 杨刚 Gingival simulating implant and gingival planting simulating method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100539963C (en) 2001-10-04 2009-09-16 斯特恩戈尔德公司 Apparatus and method for anchoring a dental appliance
US8123524B2 (en) 2005-04-12 2012-02-28 Biotechnology Institute, I Mas D, S.L. Dental implant, pieces to be connected to a dental implant, and the internal connection between the dental implant and each piece
CN102357044A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-02-22 光寒冰 Ceramic abutment for dental implant and manufacturing method for ceramic abutment
CN104794254A (en) * 2014-01-22 2015-07-22 杨刚 Gingival simulating implant and gingival planting simulating method thereof

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