CN2246562Y - Small precision multi-purpose grinder - Google Patents

Small precision multi-purpose grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2246562Y
CN2246562Y CN 95229307 CN95229307U CN2246562Y CN 2246562 Y CN2246562 Y CN 2246562Y CN 95229307 CN95229307 CN 95229307 CN 95229307 U CN95229307 U CN 95229307U CN 2246562 Y CN2246562 Y CN 2246562Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
moving mechanism
workbench
operation handwheel
cross
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 95229307
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
左辉
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左辉
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Publication date
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Priority to CN 95229307 priority Critical patent/CN2246562Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2246562Y publication Critical patent/CN2246562Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a small precision multi-purpose grinder. The utility model is composed of a host machine and function components, wherein, the host machine comprises a machine base, an upright post, a cross worktable, a bracket, a longitudinal (transversal or vertical) travel mechanism, a grinding head and an operating button box, the cross table is composed of a worktable and a cross saddle, a preload dense roller guideway is arranged between the worktable and the cross saddle, a dovetail steel guideway with adjustable gaps is arranged between the cross saddle and the machine base, and the grinding head can move from top to bottom on the guideway of the upright post; the required function components are arranged on the worktable. The grinder with convenient operation and high processing precision integrates internal and external circles, planes and the grinding of various cutters.

Description

A kind of miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine
The utility model relates to a kind of grinding machine of universal, and specifically a kind of to collect inside and outside circle grinding, flat surface grinding, various tool grinding be the small-sized grinding machine of one.
Existing utility model patent 94226770.2 omnipotent cutter sharpeners, bistrique on the column that it is installed in by base, workbench, and base is fixing, one are installed in cross saddle between workbench and base and one group and are installed in the anchor clamps annex of Gong selecting for use on the work top and constitute, and its shortcoming is to be only applicable to tool grinding.
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of small-sized grinding machine that integrates inside and outside circle grinding, flat surface grinding, various tool grindings.
The technical solution of the utility model is: it is made of main frame and functional part, main frame comprises support, column, cross table, support, longitudinal moving mechanism, transverse moving mechanism, vertical movement mechanism, bistrique and operating button box, and functional part comprises the headstock, tailstock, magnechuck, multi-functional clamp, milling fixture, lathe tool anchor clamps, extends tool mounting, cooling device, dust exhaust apparatus.The end face of described grinding machine support is provided with column, cross table respectively; Bistrique is installed in and can on the support that the column guide rail moves up and down required functional part be installed on workbench, and the operation handwheel and the operating button box of longitudinal moving mechanism, transverse moving mechanism, vertical movement mechanism is set in the support front side.
Described cross table is made up of workbench and cross saddle, and the intensive roller guide of preload is housed between workbench and cross saddle, and the dovetail steel guide rail of adjustable gaps is housed between cross saddle and support.
Described vertical movement mechanism is made of screw mandrel, bevel gear pair, power transmission shaft, operation handwheel and the crack nut that disappears, screw mandrel is arranged in the column, the upper end of this screw mandrel matches with the crack nut that disappears, lower end and bevel gear match, power transmission shaft is arranged in the support, one end and the bevel gear of this power transmission shaft match, and the other end matches with the operation handwheel.
Described longitudinal moving mechanism is arranged in workbench and the cross saddle, is made up of handwheel, power transmission shaft, gear, tooth bar, and an end of power transmission shaft is provided with wheel and rack and matches, other end setting operation handwheel, and tooth bar is fixed in the workbench.
Described transverse moving mechanism is arranged in the cross saddle, is made of operation handwheel, screw mandrel, nut, and the operation handwheel is arranged on an end of screw mandrel, and nut and screw mandrel match.
Described bistrique is made up of loading type motor, main shaft, fore bearing, forward flange lid, cylindrical grinding wheel chuck, rear bearing, rear flange lid, housing, pressing plate, support, can according to different situations cylindrical grinding wheel chuck or interior round emery wheel spreading axle be installed at its main shaft chamfered section of bistrique of horizontal level gyration.
The utility model has the advantages that collection cylindrical, interior circle, flat surface grinding and tool grinding are one, a tractor serves several purposes and volume are little, and Operation and maintenance are convenient, machining accuracy is high.
Now in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments the utility model is described as follows:
Fig. 1 is the utility model profile schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model vertical movement mechanism structure chart;
Fig. 3 is the utility model longitudinal moving mechanism structure chart;
Fig. 4 is the utility model transverse moving mechanism structure chart;
Fig. 5 is the utility model grinding wheel head structure figure.
Column 1, workbench 2, cross saddle 4 are set respectively on the support of the utility model grinding machine, support 5 is set on the column guide rail 12, bistrique 6 is arranged on this support 5, the intensive roller guide 18 of preload is housed between workbench 3 and the cross saddle 4, between cross saddle 4 and the support 1 dovetail steel guide rail 11 is housed, support 1 front side is provided with the operation handwheel (7,8,9) of vertical movement mechanism, longitudinal moving mechanism and transverse moving mechanism.Rotate the operation handwheel 9 of vertical movement mechanism, power transmission shaft 13 drives bevel gear pair (14,15) and rotates, bevel gear pair (14,15) drives screw mandrel 16 rotations, drives support 5 through the crack nut 17 that disappears and moves up and down along column guide rail 12, and support 5 drives bistrique 6 again and reaches the purpose that moves up and down; Rotate the operation handwheel 7 of longitudinal moving mechanism, power transmission shaft 19 vertically moves gear 20 rotations and drive tooth bar 21 and workbench 3 together on the intensive roller guide 18 of preload; Rotate the operation handwheel 8 of transverse moving mechanism, screw mandrel 22 is rotated, and move laterally along the dovetail steel guide rail 11 on the support 1 by nut 23 and the whole cross saddle 4 of support 1 drive.
Column 2 is square high-strength cast iron structure, and column guide rail 12 adopts adjustable gaps steel guide rail structure, and has adopted good lubricated and wear-resisting measure, and column vertical feed screw mandrel 16 and bevel gear pair (14,15) have all been taked disappear crack and lubricant method; Intensive roller guide 18 of preload and dovetail steel guide rail 11 have all been taked the lubricating and wear-resisting measure.
Grinding head motor 24 is through dynamic balancing, and after the energising, motor 24 drives main shafts 25 rotations, drives emery wheels by cylindrical grinding wheel chuck 28 and rotates at a high speed and carry out grinding, as when wanting internal grinding, the cylindrical grinding wheel chuck is pulled down, and round spreading axle and interior round emery wheel get final product in loading onto; Bistrique 6 can rotate by horizontal level on support 5, according to the different operating situation bistrique 6 is adjusted to required angle (when cylindrical or internal grinding, grinding wheel spindle 25 is parallel with workbench 3 longitudinal rails, when plane or tool grinding, grinding wheel spindle 25 is vertical with workbench 3 longitudinal rails), be fixed by pressing plate 33 again.
The headstock is made up of motor, speed pulley, main shaft, the crack rolling bearing that disappears, scroll chuck, body shell and base, drives main axis rotation by motor, belt pulley, but and three-step gear shift.
Tailstock by guide wheel, screw thread pay, main shaft, top, body shell, latch segment form, and pays by handwheel and screw thread, and main shaft is moved axially in body shell hole.
Magnechuck adopts the permanent-magnet electromagnetic sucker to be fixed on the workbench by two T word screws.
Multi-functional clamp is made up of handwheel, spring, main shaft, six dog chucks, plane cam, thimble and body shell, support, base, make main shaft in body shell hole, make crankmotion by handwheel, spring, plane cam and one group of thimble, the body shell can be distinguished gyration at horizontal level and upright position, so that the various angular cutters of grinding.
Milling fixture is made up of handwheel, main shaft, the crack bearing that disappears, collet and body shell bracket base, drives main shaft, collet and cutter rotation by rotating handwheel, and the body shell can be distinguished gyration at horizontal level and upright position, so that the various angular cutters of grinding.
Extend that tool mounting promotes main shaft, collet and cutter by handwheel and by the retainer guiding, make main shaft in body shell hole along the cutter fluted shaft to moving, thereby reach the purpose of extending the grinding of cutter self-directed.
Now the utility model is described as follows according to different grinding methods:
Cylindricalo grinding: bistrique 6 is changeed 90 ° clockwise at horizontal level, make grinding spindle 25 parallel with workbench longitudinal rail direction, rotate vertical movement mechanism operation handwheel 9, make grinding spindle 25 centers with the frame alignment of shafts is contour end to end, put the headstock at workbench 3 left ends, right-hand member is put tailstock, the workpiece left end is clamped by headstock chuck, the workpiece right-hand member is withstood by tailstock center, start grinding head motor 24 and headstock motor respectively, rotate longitudinal moving mechanism operation handwheel 7 and transverse moving mechanism operation handwheel 8 respectively, make emery wheel that the suitable amount of feeding and cutting speed be arranged, so just can do outer round platform grinding, until reaching needed size and precision to workpiece.
Internal grinding: cylindrical grinding wheel chuck 28 is changed interior circle emery wheel spreading axle, headstock chuck is clamped workpiece, start grinding head motor 24 and headstock motor respectively, rotate longitudinal moving mechanism operation handwheel 7 and transverse moving mechanism operation handwheel 8 respectively, make emery wheel that the suitable amount of feeding and cutting speed be arranged, so just can do internal grinding, until reaching needed size and precision to workpiece.
Flat surface grinding: grinding spindle 25 is adjusted to and workbench 3 longitudinal rail upright positions, magnetic-disc discharges on workbench 3, workpiece is placed on the sucker and is held, start grinding head motor 24, rotate longitudinal moving mechanism operation handwheel 7, transverse moving mechanism operation handwheel 8, vertical movement mechanism operation handwheel 9 respectively, make emery wheel that the suitable amount of feeding and cutting speed be arranged, so just can make flat surface grinding, until reaching needed size and precision workpiece.
Tool grinding: this lathe is furnished with multiple tool grinding device and parts, can carry out grinding to various cutters, as: various milling cutters (cylindrical milling cutter, end mill(ing) cutter, angle milling cutter, face and side cutter, metal saw), lathe tool, hobcutter, drill bit, reamer, screw tap, pinion cutter.When tool grinding, as long as select corresponding component, rotate each travel mechanism's operation handwheel (7,8,9), make emery wheel that the suitable amount of feeding and cutting speed be arranged, so just can carry out grinding, until reaching required size and precision to cutter.

Claims (6)

1. miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine, constitute by main frame and functional part, main frame comprises support (1), column (2), cross table, support (5), longitudinal moving mechanism, transverse moving mechanism, vertical movement mechanism, bistrique (6) and operating button box (10), functional part comprises the headstock, tailstock, magnechuck, multi-functional clamp, milling fixture, the lathe tool anchor clamps, extend tool mounting, cooling device, dust exhaust apparatus, it is characterized in that: the end face of described grinding machine support (1) is provided with column (2) respectively, cross table: bistrique (6) is installed in can be on the support (5) that moves up and down on the column guide rail (12), go up the required functional part of installation at workbench (3), longitudinal moving mechanism is set in support (1) front side, transverse moving mechanism, the operation handwheel (7 of vertical movement mechanism, 8,9) and operating button box (10).
2. a kind of miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cross table is made up of workbench (3) and cross saddle (4), between workbench (3) and cross saddle (4), the intensive roller guide of preload (18) is housed, the dovetail steel guide rail (11) of adjustable gaps is housed between cross saddle (4) and support (1).
3. a kind of miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vertical movement mechanism is made of screw mandrel (18), bevel gear pair (14,15), power transmission shaft (13), operation handwheel (9) and the crack nut (17) that disappears, screw mandrel (16) is arranged in the column (2), the upper end of this screw mandrel (16) matches with the crack nut (17) that disappears, lower end and bevel gear (15) match, power transmission shaft (13) is arranged in the support (1), one end of this power transmission shaft (13) and bevel gear (14) match, and the other end matches with operation handwheel (9).
4. a kind of miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described longitudinal moving mechanism is arranged in workbench (3) and the cross saddle (4), form by operation handwheel (7), power transmission shaft (19), gear (20), tooth bar (21), one end of power transmission shaft (19) is provided with gear (20) and matches with tooth bar (21), other end setting operation handwheel (7), tooth bar (21) is fixed in the workbench (3).
5. a kind of miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transverse moving mechanism is arranged in the cross saddle (4), constitute by operation handwheel (8), screw mandrel (22), nut (23), operation handwheel (8) is arranged on an end of screw mandrel (22), and nut (23) matches with screw mandrel (22).
6. a kind of miniature precision multi-purpose grinding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bistrique (6) is made up of loading type motor (24), main shaft (25), fore bearing (26), forward flange lid (27), cylindrical grinding wheel chuck (28), rear bearing (29), rear flange lid (30), housing (31), pressing plate (33), support (32), and bistrique (6) can be installed cylindrical grinding wheel chuck (28) or interior round emery wheel spreading axle according to different situations at its main shaft of bistrique (6) (25) chamfered section of horizontal level gyration.
CN 95229307 1995-12-28 1995-12-28 Small precision multi-purpose grinder Expired - Fee Related CN2246562Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 95229307 CN2246562Y (en) 1995-12-28 1995-12-28 Small precision multi-purpose grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 95229307 CN2246562Y (en) 1995-12-28 1995-12-28 Small precision multi-purpose grinder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2246562Y true CN2246562Y (en) 1997-02-05

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 95229307 Expired - Fee Related CN2246562Y (en) 1995-12-28 1995-12-28 Small precision multi-purpose grinder

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2246562Y (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100488718C (en) * 2007-06-14 2009-05-20 山东大学 Excircle grinding type planar grinding machine
CN102126168A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-20 大丰市远大机床有限公司 Small-sized numerical control surface grinding machine
CN102259282A (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-11-30 湘潭三峰数控机床有限公司 Grinding machining center
CN103350374A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-16 大丰市远大机床有限公司 Numerically controlled surface grinding machine
CN104795597A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-07-22 邬汝源 Power battery formation clamp
CN105252410A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-20 芜湖日升重型机床有限公司 Flat grinder and electric control system thereof
CN105881120A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-24 无锡索立源机床制造有限公司 Numerical control vertical internal grinding machine structure
CN106181656A (en) * 2015-04-30 2016-12-07 泰州市安捷利汽车配件有限公司 A kind of flash trimmer of improvement
CN109434613A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-08 吕文浩 A kind of synthetic resin overlap removal device and method
CN112454078A (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-03-09 龚松 Unmanned automobile part polishing device and polishing method

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100488718C (en) * 2007-06-14 2009-05-20 山东大学 Excircle grinding type planar grinding machine
CN102259282A (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-11-30 湘潭三峰数控机床有限公司 Grinding machining center
CN102126168A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-07-20 大丰市远大机床有限公司 Small-sized numerical control surface grinding machine
CN103350374A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-16 大丰市远大机床有限公司 Numerically controlled surface grinding machine
CN105881120A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-24 无锡索立源机床制造有限公司 Numerical control vertical internal grinding machine structure
CN104795597A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-07-22 邬汝源 Power battery formation clamp
CN106181656A (en) * 2015-04-30 2016-12-07 泰州市安捷利汽车配件有限公司 A kind of flash trimmer of improvement
CN105252410A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-20 芜湖日升重型机床有限公司 Flat grinder and electric control system thereof
CN109434613A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-03-08 吕文浩 A kind of synthetic resin overlap removal device and method
CN112454078A (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-03-09 龚松 Unmanned automobile part polishing device and polishing method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee