CN220426499U - Oblique slider frock of punching a hole - Google Patents

Oblique slider frock of punching a hole Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220426499U
CN220426499U CN202321998127.8U CN202321998127U CN220426499U CN 220426499 U CN220426499 U CN 220426499U CN 202321998127 U CN202321998127 U CN 202321998127U CN 220426499 U CN220426499 U CN 220426499U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding block
guide
seat
positioning seat
movable positioning
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Active
Application number
CN202321998127.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈文�
刘强
冷绪斌
杨帆
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Chongqing Boao Mg Al Manufacuture Co ltd
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Chongqing Boao Mg Al Manufacuture Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an inclined slide block punching tool which comprises a tool rack, a pressing mechanism, an accurate positioning mechanism and a plurality of preset supporting seats distributed on two sides of the accurate positioning mechanism, wherein the pressing mechanism and the accurate positioning mechanism are all arranged on a workbench of the tool rack. According to the inclined slide block punching tool, the workpiece to be processed is roughly positioned through the pre-positioning supporting seats, the driving cylinder drives the slide block to drive the first movable positioning seat and the second movable positioning seat to move outwards in an inclined plane matching mode, so that the workpiece to be processed is precisely positioned, the accuracy of punching hole positions is ensured, the yield of punching processing is improved, and the workpiece to be processed with strict requirements on hole position accuracy can be met.

Description

Oblique slider frock of punching a hole
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of tool fixtures, in particular to an inclined slide block punching tool.
Background
The use of frock of punching a hole not only can improve the efficiency of punching a hole, can effectively improve the quality of punching a hole moreover, reduces the rejection rate.
At present, the punching tool basically adopts the form of matching the positioning seats of some fixed structures with the pressing mechanism to fix the workpiece to be processed. However, for some large or special-shaped workpieces to be machined, no matter how many positioning seats with fixed structures are adopted, the accurate positioning of the workpieces to be machined cannot be achieved, so that the existing punching tool cannot be well applied to the workpieces to be machined with strict requirements on hole site precision, the yield cannot meet the requirements all the time, and the production cost is high.
Solving the above problems is urgent.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides an inclined sliding block punching tool for solving the technical problem that the positioning precision of the punching tool cannot meet the strict requirement on the hole position precision of a workpiece to be processed.
The technical scheme is as follows:
the utility model provides an oblique slider frock of punching a hole, includes the frock rack, all installs hold-down mechanism and accurate positioning mechanism on the workstation of frock rack and a plurality of pre-positioning supporting seat that distributes in accurate positioning mechanism both sides, each pre-positioning supporting seat fixed mounting is in the upper surface of workstation, accurate positioning mechanism includes the slider guide holder of fixed mounting in workstation upper surface and locates at the first movable positioning seat and the second movable positioning seat of slider guide holder both sides respectively, the slider guide holder has the slider guiding hole that runs through from top to bottom, and this slider direction Kong Zhongan is equipped with the slider that can go up and down along it, the lower surface mounting of workstation has the actuating cylinder, and the piston rod of this actuating cylinder passes the workstation back with the bottom fixed connection of slider to can drive the slider and go up and down;
the sliding block is provided with a first movable positioning seat, a first guide chute which is gradually arranged from bottom to top in a tilting way towards the direction away from the first movable positioning seat is formed in a concave way on one side of the sliding block, at least one first guide rod is arranged between the first guide chute and the first movable positioning seat, one end of the first guide rod is fixedly connected with the first movable positioning seat, the other end of the first guide rod is slidably arranged in the first guide chute, a first tension spring is sleeved on the first guide rod, and two ends of the first tension spring are respectively connected with the first movable positioning seat and the sliding block guide seat;
one side of the sliding block, which is close to the second movable positioning seat, is concavely provided with a second guiding chute which is gradually inclined towards the direction away from the second movable positioning seat from bottom to top, at least one second guiding rod is arranged between the second guiding chute and the second movable positioning seat, one end of the second guiding rod is fixedly connected with the second movable positioning seat, the other end of the second guiding rod is slidably arranged in the second guiding chute, a second tension spring is sleeved on the second guiding rod, and two ends of the second tension spring are respectively connected with the second movable positioning seat and the sliding block guiding seat.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
according to the inclined slide block punching tool, the workpiece to be processed is roughly positioned through the pre-positioning supporting seats, the driving cylinder drives the slide block to drive the first movable positioning seat and the second movable positioning seat to move outwards in an inclined plane matching mode, so that the workpiece to be processed is precisely positioned, the accuracy of punching hole positions is ensured, the yield of punching processing is improved, and the workpiece to be processed with strict requirements on hole position accuracy can be met.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an oblique slider punching tool;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the mating relationship of the precise positioning mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the precise positioning mechanism after the slide guide is removed.
Detailed Description
The utility model is further described below with reference to examples and figures.
As shown in fig. 1-3, an oblique slider punching tool mainly comprises a tool rack 1, a pressing mechanism, an accurate positioning mechanism and a plurality of preset supporting seats 2, wherein the pressing mechanism, the accurate positioning mechanism and the preset supporting seats are all arranged on a workbench 1a of the tool rack 1.
Referring to fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the number of the positioning support bases 2 is four, the positioning support bases 2 are distributed on two sides of the precise positioning mechanism in a group, and each positioning support base 2 is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the workbench 1 a. The upper end surface of each preset supporting seat 2 is uniformly and integrally formed with a supporting seat positioning structure, and a workpiece to be processed can be simultaneously supported on the supporting seat positioning structures of the preset supporting seats 2, so that coarse positioning of the workpiece to be processed is realized.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the precise positioning mechanism includes a sliding block guide seat 3 fixedly installed on an upper surface of a working table 1a, and a first movable positioning seat 4 and a second movable positioning seat 5 respectively located at two sides of the sliding block guide seat 3, wherein the sliding block guide seat 3 has a sliding block guide hole 3a penetrating up and down, a sliding block 6 capable of lifting along the sliding block guide hole 3a is installed in the sliding block guide hole 3a, a driving cylinder 9 is installed on a lower surface of the working table 1a, and a piston rod of the driving cylinder 9 passes through the working table 1a upwards and is fixedly connected with the bottom of the sliding block 6, so that the piston rod of the driving cylinder 9 can drive the sliding block 6 to lift along the sliding block guide hole 3 a.
The side of the sliding block 6 close to the first movable positioning seat 4 is concavely provided with a first guiding chute 6a which is gradually inclined from bottom to top towards the direction away from the first movable positioning seat 4, and the side of the sliding block 6 close to the second movable positioning seat 5 is concavely provided with a second guiding chute 6b which is gradually inclined from bottom to top towards the direction away from the second movable positioning seat 5.
At least one first guide rod 7 is arranged between the first guide chute 6a and the first movable positioning seat 4, one end of the first guide rod 7 is fixedly connected with the first movable positioning seat 4, the other end of the first guide rod 7 is slidably arranged in the first guide chute 6a, the first guide rod 7 is sleeved with a first tension spring 8, and two ends of the first tension spring 8 are elastically supported on the first movable positioning seat 4 and the sliding block guide seat 3 respectively. At least one second guide rod 10 is arranged between the second guide chute 6b and the second movable positioning seat 5, one end of the second guide rod 10 is fixedly connected with the second movable positioning seat 5, the other end of the second guide rod 10 is slidably arranged in the second guide chute 6b, a second tension spring 11 is sleeved on the second guide rod 10, and two ends of the second tension spring 11 are elastically supported on the second movable positioning seat 5 and the sliding block guide seat 3 respectively.
Therefore, when the piston rod of the driving cylinder 9 drives the sliding block 6 to ascend along the sliding block guide hole 3a, each first guide rod 7 drives the first movable positioning seat 4 to be far away from the sliding block guide seat 3, and each second guide rod 10 simultaneously drives the second movable positioning seat 5 to be far away from the sliding block guide seat 3. Conversely, when the piston rod of the driving cylinder 9 drives the sliding block 6 to descend along the sliding block guide hole 3a, each first tension spring 8 drives the first movable positioning seat 4 to be close to the sliding block guide seat 3, and each second tension spring 11 drives the second movable positioning seat 5 to be close to the sliding block guide seat 3.
The workpiece to be machined is coarsely positioned through each preset supporting seat 2, and then the driving cylinder 9 drives the sliding block 6 to drive the first movable positioning seat 4 and the second movable positioning seat 5 to move outwards in an inclined plane matching mode, so that the workpiece to be machined is precisely positioned, the accuracy of hole positions of punching is ensured, the yield of punching machining is improved, and the workpiece to be machined with strict requirements on hole position accuracy can be met.
In this embodiment, the first guide rod 7 and the second guide rod 10 extend obliquely upwards in a direction away from the slider guide seat 3, so that the first movable positioning seat 4 and the second movable positioning seat 5 can be prevented from falling off, and the reliability of the matching is ensured.
Referring to fig. 1, the pressing mechanism includes a first rotary clamping cylinder 12 and a second rotary clamping cylinder 13 vertically mounted on the upper surface of the workbench 1a, a piston rod extending upward from the first rotary clamping cylinder 12 is fixedly connected with a first pressing rod 14 extending in a horizontal direction, the outer end of the first pressing rod 14 has a first pressing head 14a extending downward, the first pressing head 14a can rotate to the upper side of the slide guide seat 3, which is close to the first movable positioning seat 4, under the driving of the piston rod of the first rotary clamping cylinder 12 and moves downward, a second pressing rod 15 extending in the horizontal direction is fixedly connected to the piston rod extending upward from the second rotary clamping cylinder 13, a second pressing head 15a extending downward is arranged at the outer end of the second pressing rod 15, and the second pressing head 15a can rotate to the upper side of the slide guide seat 3, which is close to the second movable positioning seat 5, under the driving of the piston rod of the second rotary clamping cylinder 13 and moves downward. The first rotary clamping cylinder 12 and the second rotary clamping cylinder 13 compress the workpiece to be processed positioned on the pre-positioning support seat 2 and the accurate positioning mechanism in a rotary pressing mode, so that the workpiece clamping device is stable and reliable, convenient to take and place, and difficult to cause interference.
In this embodiment, the first rotary clamping cylinder 12 is close to the first movable positioning seat 4, and the second rotary clamping cylinder 13 is close to the second movable positioning seat 5, so that the compression is ensured to be stable and reliable.
Further, the first pressure head 14a and the second pressure head 15a are made of polyurethane, so that damage to the workpiece to be processed can be avoided.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the first guide rod 7 is inserted into one end of the first guide chute 6a and has a first circular limit head 7a protruding outwards along the circumferential direction, the lower parts of both side chute walls of the first guide chute 6a are concavely formed with a first limit head chute 6a1 matching with the first circular limit head 7a, the second guide rod 10 is inserted into one end of the second guide chute 6b and has a second circular limit head 10a protruding outwards along the circumferential direction, the lower parts of both side chute walls of the second guide chute 6b are concavely formed with a second limit head chute 6b1 matching with the second circular limit head 10a, and the stability and reliability of the sliding fit of the first guide rod 7 and the first guide chute 6a and the second guide rod 10 and the second guide chute 6b are ensured by the cooperation of the first circular limit head 7a and the second limit head chute 6b1, and the sliding fit of the first guide rod 7 and the second guide rod 10 and the second chute 6b can be prevented from falling out of the first guide rod 7 and the second guide chute 6b from the second guide rod 10 b.
Further, the dust cover 16 is installed at the top of the sliding block 6, and when the piston rod of the sliding block 6 driving cylinder 9 drives to descend to the lowest position, the dust cover 16 covers the upper end of the sliding block guide hole 3a, so that a good shielding effect can be achieved on the sliding block guide hole 3a, and the clamping stagnation problem of the sliding block 6 is prevented.
The side of the first movable positioning seat 4 far away from the second movable positioning seat 5 is provided with a first positioning structure 4a, a first proximity sensor 17 close to the first positioning structure 4a is installed on the first movable positioning seat 4, the side of the second movable positioning seat 5 far away from the first movable positioning seat 4 is provided with a second positioning structure 5a, and a second proximity sensor 18 close to the second positioning structure 5a is installed on the second movable positioning seat 5. The first positioning structure 4a and the second positioning structure 5a may be positioning structures such as a special-shaped supporting surface and a positioning pin, and the first proximity sensor 17 and the second proximity sensor 18 are used for detecting whether a workpiece to be processed is in place, namely: whether the positioning is accurate.
Please see fig. 1, the tooling rack 1 is a cuboid frame structure, and universal wheels 1b with locking functions are installed at four corners of the bottom of the tooling rack 1, so that the whole movement of the inclined slide block punching tooling is convenient and flexible. Meanwhile, the two-hand starting buttons 1c and the emergency stop button 1d are arranged on the workbench 1a, so that the operation is convenient, wherein the two-hand starting buttons 1c are respectively positioned on two sides of the emergency stop button 1d, and misoperation can be effectively prevented.
In the description of the present utility model, it should be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings are merely for convenience in describing the present utility model and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present utility model.
In the present utility model, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and can be communication between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present utility model can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances.
In the present utility model, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, a first feature "above" or "below" a second feature may include both the first and second features being in direct contact, as well as the first and second features not being in direct contact but being in contact with each other through additional features therebetween. Moreover, a first feature being "above," "over" and "on" a second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or simply indicating that the first feature is higher in level than the second feature. The first feature being "under", "below" and "beneath" the second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply means that the first feature is less level than the second feature.
Finally, it should be noted that the above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and that many similar changes can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a frock of punching a hole to slider to one side, includes frock rack (1), hold-down mechanism and accurate positioning mechanism and a plurality of distribution in the pre-positioning supporting seat (2) of accurate positioning mechanism both sides all installed on workstation (1 a) of frock rack (1), each pre-positioning supporting seat (2) fixed mounting at the upper surface of workstation (1 a), its characterized in that: the accurate positioning mechanism comprises a sliding block guide seat (3) fixedly arranged on the upper surface of a workbench (1 a), and a first movable positioning seat (4) and a second movable positioning seat (5) which are respectively positioned on two sides of the sliding block guide seat (3), wherein the sliding block guide seat (3) is provided with a sliding block guide hole (3 a) penetrating up and down, a sliding block (6) capable of lifting along the sliding block guide hole is arranged in the sliding block guide hole (3 a), a driving cylinder (9) is arranged on the lower surface of the workbench (1 a), and a piston rod of the driving cylinder (9) passes through the workbench (1 a) upwards and is fixedly connected with the bottom of the sliding block (6), so that the sliding block (6) can be driven to lift;
one side of the sliding block (6) close to the first movable positioning seat (4) is concavely formed with a first guide chute (6 a) which is gradually inclined from bottom to top towards a direction far away from the first movable positioning seat (4), at least one first guide rod (7) is arranged between the first guide chute (6 a) and the first movable positioning seat (4), one end of the first guide rod (7) is fixedly connected with the first movable positioning seat (4), the other end of the first guide rod is slidably arranged in the first guide chute (6 a), a first tension spring (8) is sleeved on the first guide rod (7), and two ends of the first tension spring (8) are respectively connected with the first movable positioning seat (4) and the sliding block guide seat (3);
one side of the sliding block (6) close to the second movable positioning seat (5) is concavely formed with a second guiding chute (6 b) which is gradually inclined towards a direction away from the second movable positioning seat (5) from bottom to top, at least one second guiding rod (10) is arranged between the second guiding chute (6 b) and the second movable positioning seat (5), one end of the second guiding rod (10) is fixedly connected with the second movable positioning seat (5), the other end of the second guiding rod is slidably arranged in the second guiding chute (6 b), a second tension spring (11) is sleeved on the second guiding rod (10), and two ends of the second tension spring (11) are respectively connected to the second movable positioning seat (5) and the sliding block guiding seat (3).
2. The oblique slider punching tool of claim 1, wherein: the pressing mechanism comprises a first rotary clamping cylinder (12) and a second rotary clamping cylinder (13) which are vertically arranged on the upper surface of a workbench (1 a), a first pressing rod (14) extending along the horizontal direction is fixedly connected to a piston rod extending upwards of the first rotary clamping cylinder (12), a first pressing head (14 a) extending downwards is arranged at the outer end of the first pressing rod (14), the first pressing head (14 a) can rotate to the position above one side, close to a first movable positioning seat (4), of a sliding block guide seat (3) under the driving of the piston rod of the first rotary clamping cylinder (12) and moves downwards, a second pressing rod (15) extending along the horizontal direction is fixedly connected to the piston rod extending upwards of the second rotary clamping cylinder (13), a second pressing rod (15 a) extending downwards is arranged at the outer end of the second pressing rod (15), and the second pressing head (15 a) can rotate to the position above one side, close to a second movable positioning seat (5), of the sliding block guide seat (3) under the driving of the piston rod of the second rotary clamping cylinder (13).
3. The oblique slider punching tool of claim 2, wherein: the first pressure head (14 a) and the second pressure head (15 a) are made of polyurethane.
4. The oblique slider punching tool of claim 1, wherein: the first guide rod (7) is inserted into one end of the first guide chute (6 a) and is provided with a first circular limiting head (7 a) protruding outwards along the circumferential direction, the lower parts of two side chute walls of the first guide chute (6 a) are concavely formed with a first limiting head chute (6 a 1) matched with the first circular limiting head (7 a), one end of the second guide rod (10) inserted into the second guide chute (6 b) is provided with a second circular limiting head (10 a) protruding outwards along the circumferential direction, and the lower parts of two side chute walls of the second guide chute (6 b) are concavely formed with a second limiting head chute (6 b 1) matched with the second circular limiting head (10 a).
5. The oblique slider punching tool of claim 1, wherein: the top of the sliding block (6) is provided with a dust cover (16), and when the piston rod of the driving cylinder (9) of the sliding block (6) drives the sliding block to descend to the lowest position, the dust cover (16) covers the upper end of the sliding block guide hole (3 a).
6. The oblique slider punching tool of claim 1, wherein: one side of the first movable positioning seat (4) far away from the second movable positioning seat (5) is provided with a first positioning structure (4 a), a first proximity sensor (17) close to the first positioning structure (4 a) is installed on the first movable positioning seat (4), one side of the second movable positioning seat (5) far away from the first movable positioning seat (4) is provided with a second positioning structure (5 a), and a second proximity sensor (18) close to the second positioning structure (5 a) is installed on the second movable positioning seat (5).
7. The oblique slider punching tool of claim 1, wherein: the first guide rod (7) and the second guide rod (10) extend obliquely upwards in a direction away from the sliding block guide seat (3).
CN202321998127.8U 2023-07-27 2023-07-27 Oblique slider frock of punching a hole Active CN220426499U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321998127.8U CN220426499U (en) 2023-07-27 2023-07-27 Oblique slider frock of punching a hole

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321998127.8U CN220426499U (en) 2023-07-27 2023-07-27 Oblique slider frock of punching a hole

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220426499U true CN220426499U (en) 2024-02-02

Family

ID=89702821

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321998127.8U Active CN220426499U (en) 2023-07-27 2023-07-27 Oblique slider frock of punching a hole

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220426499U (en)

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