CN220387152U - Millet seed carefully chosen equipment - Google Patents

Millet seed carefully chosen equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220387152U
CN220387152U CN202321917746.XU CN202321917746U CN220387152U CN 220387152 U CN220387152 U CN 220387152U CN 202321917746 U CN202321917746 U CN 202321917746U CN 220387152 U CN220387152 U CN 220387152U
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China
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plate
sieve
millet
screen plate
screen
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CN202321917746.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王向红
邵海
郭乃申
邱思
贾沐霖
刘晓雪
刘铭
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Chifeng Xiangfeng Breeding Professional Cooperative
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Chifeng Xiangfeng Breeding Professional Cooperative
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of agricultural equipment, in particular to millet seed selection equipment, which aims at the problem that small particle impurities cannot be screened in the prior art, and provides a scheme that the small particle impurities comprise a screen plate assembly, wherein the screen plate assembly for selecting the millet seeds comprises a first screen plate and a second screen plate; at the screening end stage, the movable partition plate is taken down, so that impurities in the non-screened material storage cavity enter the feeding cavity, and screening is performed again; the inclined planes of the groove walls arranged on the long sides of the two sides of the feed groove are along the outward expansion direction, so that the millet seed raw materials can move transversely in the feed groove, and the millet seed raw materials are ensured to fall onto the first screen plate uniformly.

Description

Millet seed carefully chosen equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a fine-selecting device, in particular to a millet seed fine-selecting device, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural instruments.
Background
Millet is annual herb of green bristlegrass of Gramineae, is one of the oldest cultivated crops in the world, also called millet and millet, originates from yellow river basin in China, and is planted by sowing seeds of the millet into soil for growth, and in order to improve the germination rate and survival rate of millet planting, screening and screening are often needed for the millet seeds, namely screening out some impurities mixed in the millet seeds, sowing the selected millet seeds, and remarkably improving the germination rate and survival rate.
And to the device of current screening choice to crop seed, as the screening edulcoration device of a rice seed that publication number is CN219165098U discloses, it is also used for the screening of crop seed, it is through installing two link in the support body, install the dwang with the help of first slider between two link, the squeeze roll and the blown down tank piece top sliding connection on dwang surface, so that extrude the seed at blown down tank piece top, avoid some great earth to mix in the seed, can't be screened out, but in actual screening process, often only sieve the impurity of the great granule of mixing in the seed, and the impurity of less granule still can still mix in the millet seed, and then result in the weight of carefully chosen millet seed to be low, can't realize the estimation to the correct planting volume of millet seed.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve at least one technical problem and provides millet seed carefully selecting equipment.
The utility model realizes the above purpose through the following technical scheme: the millet seed carefully selecting equipment comprises a sieve plate assembly, wherein the sieve plate assembly used for carefully selecting millet seeds comprises a first sieve plate and a second sieve plate, the first sieve plate and the second sieve plate are arranged in an up-down distribution manner, and a storage box is arranged at one side of the sieve plate assembly;
the first screen plate comprises a first screen plate frame and a first screen, the first screen is connected to the inner side of the first screen plate frame, the upper end of the first screen plate frame is fixedly connected with a feed chute, the second screen plate comprises a second screen plate frame and a second screen, and the second screen is connected to the inner side of the second screen plate frame;
a feeding cavity and a non-screened material storage cavity are arranged in the storage box, and a tubular screw feeder is erected between the feeding cavity and the feeding chute of the storage box.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the first sieve and the second sieve are all in an inclined arrangement, the downward inclined tail end of the first sieve is close to the downward inclined front end of the second sieve, the mesh diameter of the first sieve is larger than the size of the millet seeds, the mesh diameter of the second sieve is smaller than the size of the millet seeds, and a guide chute positioned at the bottom of the first sieve is further connected to the frame of the first sieve.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the first sieve plate is also provided with an unscreened material outlet and an inclined baffle, the unscreened material outlet is arranged on one side of the inclined bottom end of the first sieve plate frame, and the inclined baffle is clamped in the inclined bottom end of the first sieve plate frame.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the below of second sieve is provided with impurity collecting plate, and impurity collecting plate is the slope form and is located the second screen cloth under, and the downward sloping end-to-end connection of second sieve has the fine sorting discharge gate, and the fine sorting discharge gate is the horn mouth form.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the impurity collecting plate comprises a collecting frame and an inclined plane bottom plate, wherein the inclined plane bottom plate is welded at the bottom of the collecting frame, and the inclined plane bottom plate is concave in the central axis.
As still further aspects of the utility model: and a vibrating motor is fixedly connected between the downward-inclined tail end of the first sieve plate and the downward-inclined front end of the second sieve plate, two sides of the first sieve plate, the second sieve plate and the impurity collecting plate are fixedly connected with supporting plates, and the bottom ends of the supporting plates are connected with the base through springs.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the storage box is divided into a feeding cavity and a non-screened storage cavity by a movable partition plate which is vertically arranged, and two side edges of the movable partition plate are clamped in clamping grooves formed in the inner wall of the storage box.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the bottom of the non-screened material storage cavity is provided with an inclined surface bottom block, and when the movable partition plate is in an inserting state, the movable partition plate is tightly attached to the vertical end face of the inclined surface bottom block.
As still further aspects of the utility model: the long limit in both sides of feed chute is provided with cell wall inclined plane and cell wall vertical surface, and the below at the cell wall inclined plane is connected in the integration of cell wall vertical surface, and the cell wall inclined plane is the both sides and expands the form outward, and the bottom surface on cell wall inclined plane along expanding the orientation tilt up setting outward, and the feed chute is located the cell body bottom fixed welding in the first sieve outside has the shutoff baffle.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
through being provided with a first sieve plate and a second sieve plate, the millet seeds and some larger impurities can be screened for the first time, and then fall to a second sieve plate for the second time, so that the impurities of smaller particles mixed in the millet seed raw materials are screened out, and the millet seeds are carefully selected through the twice screening of the millet seeds;
through being provided with the storage box, and vertically connecting the movable partition board in the storage box, two cavities can be separated through the movable partition board, and then, the unscreened millet seed raw materials can be added in the feeding cavity, and then, the raw materials are conveyed by the tubular screw feeder, and the unscreened large-particle impurities can be collected by primary screening, and at the end of screening, the movable partition board is taken down, so that the impurities in the unscreened storage cavity enter the feeding cavity, and screening is carried out again, so that the millet seeds can be thoroughly selected;
through being provided with the feed chute, the cell wall inclined plane that the long limit in feed chute both sides set up is along expanding the direction outward, and the range of slope also becomes along with it grow, and then can make millet seed raw materials can lateral shifting at the feed chute, ensures promptly that millet seed raw materials drops on the first sieve uniformly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a first screen plate according to the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a second screen panel according to the present utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the impurity collecting plate of the present utility model;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a bin according to the present utility model;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a feed chute according to the present utility model;
FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a feed tank according to the present utility model.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a first sieve plate, 11, a first sieve plate frame, 12, a first screen, 13, an unscreened material outlet, 14, a bevel baffle, 15, a guide chute, 2, a second sieve plate, 21, a second sieve plate frame, 22, a second screen, 23, a refined material outlet, 3, an impurity collecting plate, 31, a collecting frame, 32, a bevel bottom plate, 4, a storage box, 41, a movable partition plate, 42, a clamping groove, 43, a feeding cavity, 44, an unscreened material storage cavity, 45, a bevel bottom block, 5, a tubular screw feeder, 6, a feeding groove, 61, a groove wall bevel, 62, a groove wall vertical surface, 63, a blocking baffle, 7, a supporting plate, 8, a spring, 9, a base, 10 and a vibrating motor.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present utility model will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present utility model, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the utility model without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the utility model.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, a millet seed selecting device comprises a screen plate assembly, wherein the screen plate assembly for selecting millet seeds comprises a first screen plate 1 and a second screen plate 2, the first screen plate 1 and the second screen plate 2 are arranged in a vertical distribution manner, and a storage box 4 is arranged at one side of the screen plate assembly;
the first screen plate 1 comprises a first screen plate frame 11 and a first screen plate 12, the first screen plate 12 is connected to the inner side of the first screen plate frame 11, the upper end of the first screen plate frame 11 is fixedly connected with a feed chute 6, the second screen plate 2 comprises a second screen plate frame 21 and a second screen plate 22, and the second screen plate 22 is connected to the inner side of the second screen plate frame 21;
a feeding cavity 43 and an unscreened material storage cavity 44 are arranged in the storage box 4, and a tubular screw feeder 5 is arranged between the feeding cavity 43 of the storage box 4 and the feeding chute 6.
Example two
In addition to all the technical features in the first embodiment, the present embodiment further includes:
the first sieve plate 1 and the second sieve plate 2 are all in an inclined mode, the downward inclined tail end of the first sieve plate 1 is close to the downward inclined front end of the second sieve plate 2, the mesh diameter of the first sieve plate 12 is larger than that of the millet seeds, the mesh diameter of the second sieve plate 22 is smaller than that of the millet seeds, the guide chute 15 positioned at the bottom of the first sieve plate 12 is further connected to the frame 11 of the first sieve plate, after the millet seeds to be screened are poured into the first sieve plate 1, the millet seeds and some larger impurities can be screened once, the millet seeds subjected to primary screening fall onto the guide chute 15, and then fall onto the second sieve plate 22 for secondary screening, so that the impurities mixed in the millet seeds are screened out, and the screening of the millet seeds is realized by screening the two sides of the millet seeds.
The first sieve plate 1 is further provided with an unscreened material outlet 13 and an inclined baffle 14, the unscreened material outlet 13 is formed in one side of the inclined bottom end of the first sieve plate frame 11, the inclined baffle 14 is clamped in the inclined bottom end of the first sieve plate frame 11, and large-particle impurities which cannot be screened can be guided and driven by the inclined baffle 14, so that the unscreened large-particle impurities can be discharged from the unscreened material outlet 13.
The below of second sieve 2 is provided with impurity collecting plate 3, and impurity collecting plate 3 is the slope form and is located the second screen cloth 22 under, and the downward sloping end-to-end connection of second sieve 2 has the smart material mouth 23, and the smart material mouth 23 is the horn mouth form to be convenient for collect the tiny particle impurity that sieves, the carefully chosen millet seed that does not sieve simultaneously is discharged again after gathering by smart material mouth 23, so that collect the millet seed that carefully chosen.
The impurity collecting plate 3 includes and collects frame 31 and inclined plane bottom plate 32, and the bottom of frame 31 is collected in the welding of inclined plane bottom plate 32, and inclined plane bottom plate 32 is axis department concave shape to prevent that the tiny particle impurity that sieves from dropping from impurity collecting plate 3, and can assemble the tiny particle impurity that sieves to the axis position department of inclined plane bottom plate 32 and discharge.
Example III
In addition to all the technical features in the first embodiment, the present embodiment further includes:
fixedly connected with vibrating motor 10 between downward sloping terminal of first sieve 1 and the downward sloping front end of second sieve 2, and the both sides fixedly connected with backup pad 7 of first sieve 1, second sieve 2 and impurity collecting plate 3, the bottom of backup pad 7 is connected with base 9 through spring 8, can obtain exciting force through starting vibrating motor 10 to cooperate with spring 8 can drive first sieve 1 and second sieve 2 and produce regular vibration, can improve the operation of sieving to the millet seed raw materials, in order to improve the carefully chosen efficiency to the millet seed.
Example IV
In addition to all the technical features in the first embodiment, the present embodiment further includes:
the storage box 4 is divided into a feeding cavity 43 and an unscreened material storage cavity 44 through a vertically arranged movable partition 41, two sides of the movable partition 41 are clamped in a clamping groove 42 formed in the inner wall of the storage box 4, two cavities can be separated through the movable partition 41, unscreened millet seed raw materials can be added in the feeding cavity 43, raw materials are conveyed by the tubular screw feeder 5, unscreened large-particle impurities can be collected through primary screening, and at the end of screening, the movable partition 41 is removed, impurities in the unscreened material storage cavity 44 enter the feeding cavity 43, screening is conducted again, and thorough screening of millet seeds can be guaranteed.
The inclined surface bottom block 45 is arranged at the bottom of the non-screened material storage cavity 44, and when the movable partition 41 is in an inserting state, the movable partition 41 is tightly attached to the vertical end face of the inclined surface bottom block 45, the non-screened material storage cavity 44 can be higher than the feeding cavity 43 through the arranged inclined surface bottom block 45, and then impurities in the non-screened material storage cavity 44 can be ensured to completely enter the feeding cavity 43 after the movable partition 41 is taken down.
The long limit in both sides of feed chute 6 is provided with cell wall inclined plane 61 and cell wall vertical plane 62, cell wall vertical plane 62 integration is connected in the below of cell wall inclined plane 61, cell wall inclined plane 61 is the both sides and expands the form outward, and the bottom surface of cell wall inclined plane 61 is along expanding the orientation upward sloping setting outward, the cell body bottom fixed welding that feed chute 6 is located the first sieve 1 outside has shutoff baffle 63, after avoiding millet seed raw materials to carry feed chute 6, spill by the cell body below in the feed chute 6 outside, and cell wall inclined plane 61 that the long limit in feed chute 6 both sides set up also expands the orientation along expanding outward, the range of slope is also grow along with it, and then can make the millet seed raw materials can lateral shifting at feed chute 6, guarantee promptly that the millet seed raw materials drop on the first sieve 1 evenly.
Working principle: the raw materials of the millet seeds which are not screened are added into the feeding cavity 43, the raw materials are conveyed by the tubular screw feeder 5, after the raw materials of the millet seeds to be screened are poured into the first sieve plate 1, the millet seeds and some larger impurities can be screened once, the raw materials of the millet seeds which are screened once fall onto the guide chute 15, and then fall onto the second sieve 22 for secondary screening, so that the impurities of smaller particles mixed in the raw materials of the millet seeds are screened out, the fine screening of the millet seeds is realized by twice screening the millet seeds, the large-particle impurities which are not screened once can be collected into the non-screened material storage cavity 44, and at the screening end, the movable partition plate 41 can be removed, so that the impurities in the non-screened material storage cavity 44 enter the feeding cavity 43 for screening again, and the complete fine screening of the millet seeds can be ensured.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present utility model may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the utility model being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present disclosure describes embodiments, not every embodiment is provided with a separate embodiment, and that this description is provided for clarity only, and that the disclosure is not limited to the embodiments described in detail below, and that the embodiments described in the examples may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments that will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (9)

1. Millet seed carefully chosen equipment, including sieve subassembly, its characterized in that: the sieve plate assembly used for carefully selecting the millet seeds comprises a first sieve plate (1) and a second sieve plate (2), wherein the first sieve plate (1) and the second sieve plate (2) are arranged in an up-down distribution manner, and a storage box (4) is arranged at one side of the sieve plate assembly;
the first screen plate (1) comprises a first screen plate frame (11) and a first screen plate (12), the first screen plate (12) is connected to the inner side of the first screen plate frame (11), the upper end of the first screen plate frame (11) is connected with a feeding groove (6), the second screen plate (2) comprises a second screen plate frame (21) and a second screen plate (22), and the second screen plate (22) is connected to the inner side of the second screen plate frame (21);
a feeding cavity (43) and a non-screened material storage cavity (44) are arranged in the storage box (4), and a tubular screw feeder (5) is erected between the feeding cavity (43) of the storage box (4) and the feeding groove (6).
2. Millet seed beneficiation apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a novel millet sieve, including first sieve (1) and second sieve (2), just first sieve (1) downward sloping terminal and second sieve (2) downward sloping front end paste together, the mesh diameter of first screen cloth (12) is greater than the size of millet seed, the mesh diameter of second screen cloth (22) is less than the size of millet seed, still be connected with baffle box (15) that are located first screen cloth (12) bottom on first sieve frame (11).
3. Millet seed beneficiation apparatus in accordance with claim 2, wherein: the novel screening device is characterized in that the first screening plate (1) is further provided with an unscreened material outlet (13) and an inclined baffle (14), the unscreened material outlet (13) is formed in one side of the inclined bottom end of the first screening plate frame (11), and the inclined baffle (14) is clamped in the inclined bottom end of the first screening plate frame (11).
4. Millet seed beneficiation apparatus in accordance with claim 2, wherein: the utility model discloses a screening device, including second sieve (2) and second sieve (2), the below of second sieve (2) is provided with impurity collecting plate (3), impurity collecting plate (3) are the slope form and are located directly under second screen cloth (22), the downward sloping end-to-end connection of second sieve (2) has select material mouth (23), just select material mouth (23) to be the horn mouth form.
5. The millet seed selection apparatus of claim 4, wherein: the impurity collecting plate (3) comprises a collecting frame (31) and an inclined plane bottom plate (32), wherein the inclined plane bottom plate (32) is welded at the bottom of the collecting frame (31), and the inclined plane bottom plate (32) is concave in the central axis.
6. Millet seed beneficiation apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein: the vibrating motor (10) is fixedly connected between the downward-inclined tail end of the first sieve plate (1) and the downward-inclined front end of the second sieve plate (2), the two sides of the first sieve plate (1), the second sieve plate (2) and the impurity collecting plate (3) are fixedly connected with the supporting plates (7), and the bottom ends of the supporting plates (7) are connected with the base (9) through springs (8).
7. Millet seed beneficiation apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein: the storage box (4) is divided into a feeding cavity (43) and a non-screened storage cavity (44) through a movable partition plate (41) which is vertically arranged, and two side edges of the movable partition plate (41) are clamped in clamping grooves (42) formed in the inner wall of the storage box (4).
8. The millet seed selection apparatus of claim 7, wherein: an inclined surface bottom block (45) is arranged at the bottom of the non-screened material storage cavity (44), and when the movable partition plate (41) is in an inserting state, the movable partition plate (41) is tightly attached to the vertical end face of the inclined surface bottom block (45).
9. Millet seed beneficiation apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein: the feeding chute is characterized in that a chute wall inclined surface (61) and a chute wall vertical surface (62) are arranged on the long sides of the two sides of the feeding chute (6), the chute wall vertical surface (62) is integrally connected to the lower portion of the chute wall inclined surface (61), the chute wall inclined surface (61) is in a shape of being outwards expanded from the two sides, the bottom surface of the chute wall inclined surface (61) is arranged in an upward inclined manner along the outwards expanded direction, and a plugging baffle (63) is fixedly welded to the bottom end of a chute body, located on the outer side of the first screen plate (1), of the feeding chute (6).
CN202321917746.XU 2023-07-20 2023-07-20 Millet seed carefully chosen equipment Active CN220387152U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321917746.XU CN220387152U (en) 2023-07-20 2023-07-20 Millet seed carefully chosen equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321917746.XU CN220387152U (en) 2023-07-20 2023-07-20 Millet seed carefully chosen equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN220387152U true CN220387152U (en) 2024-01-26

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ID=89610852

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321917746.XU Active CN220387152U (en) 2023-07-20 2023-07-20 Millet seed carefully chosen equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN220387152U (en)

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