CN219442375U - Seed classifying and screening device - Google Patents

Seed classifying and screening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219442375U
CN219442375U CN202320635467.8U CN202320635467U CN219442375U CN 219442375 U CN219442375 U CN 219442375U CN 202320635467 U CN202320635467 U CN 202320635467U CN 219442375 U CN219442375 U CN 219442375U
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
sieve
seed
dust
dust removal
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CN202320635467.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂武学
刘雁雄
贾倩倩
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Jiangxi Yuefeng Seed Industry Co ltd
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Jiangxi Yuefeng Seed Industry Co ltd
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Priority to CN202320635467.8U priority Critical patent/CN219442375U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a seed classifying and screening device, wherein a dust removing tank is fixedly connected to the top end of a mounting table, a stirrer is arranged in the dust removing tank, a dust collector is fixedly connected to the side wall, close to the upper end, of the dust removing tank, an annular pipe is fixedly connected to the top end, the dust collector is connected with the annular pipe through a pipeline, a plurality of uniformly distributed dust suction hoods are arranged on the annular pipe, a first-stage sieve plate is arranged at the bottom of the dust removing tank, uniformly distributed connecting columns are connected to the mounting table under the first-stage sieve plate in a sliding manner, a vibrating mechanism is arranged on the lower side of the mounting table to drive the connecting columns to vibrate up and down, an annular baffle is fixedly connected to the top end of the connecting columns, impurities mixed in seeds can be cleaned through the dust removing tank and the first-stage sieve plate, and the fan-shaped defect plates arranged on the second-stage sieve plate can be used for screening seeds step by step through the second-stage sieve plate and classifying and collecting the seeds.

Description

Seed classifying and screening device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural equipment, in particular to a seed classifying and screening device.
Background
In order to improve the quality of seeds, the seeds are usually required to be screened, the seed particles are shriveled, deformed, larger or smaller, and the like, which are not beneficial to culture, various problems, such as low germination rate, low survival rate, poor drought resistance and waterlogging resistance, and the like, easily occur in the planting process, so that the planting efficiency of crops can be effectively ensured only by screening out the seeds with moderate particle size for planting.
In current seed sieving mechanism, with the seed on the sieve commonly, select out the back through reciprocating screening with the seed that is shrunken and malformed, remaining seed is left and is planted, however the seed size that selects like this still can have the difference, and the less seed of granule, the achievement of planting the harvest often is less than the great seed of granule harvesting more, so need further to select the seed, carry out classification screening with the size of seed.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to provide a seed classifying and screening device, which is used for solving the problems of the seed classifying and screening device in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions: seed classification screening plant, the top fixedly connected with dust removal jar of mount table, the inside agitator that is provided with of dust removal jar, fixedly connected with dust catcher on the lateral wall that the dust removal jar is close to the upper end, the inside top fixedly connected with annular pipe of dust removal jar, pass through pipe connection between dust catcher and the annular pipe, be provided with a plurality of evenly distributed's dust hood on the annular pipe, the bottom of dust removal jar is provided with one-level sieve, sliding connection has evenly distributed's spliced pole on the mount table under the one-level sieve, the downside of mount table is provided with vibration mechanism and drives the spliced pole and shake from top to bottom, the top fixedly connected with annular baffle of spliced pole, the bottom fixedly connected with second grade sieve of baffle, and second grade sieve is located under the one-level sieve, second grade sieve upside rotation is connected with fan-shaped and lacks the board, the below fixedly connected with evenly distributed's of second grade sieve funnel, the lower extreme fixedly connected with folding pipe of funnel, folding pipe's lower extreme fixedly connected with collecting vessel.
As the further preferred of this technical scheme, vibration mechanism includes motor II of fixed connection at the mount table downside, motor II's output fixedly connected with rotor plate, evenly distributed's vibrations piece is gone up to fixedly connected with on the rotor plate, the one end of vibrations piece sets up to the ascending inclined plane of slope, the bottom roll connection of spliced pole has the ball, the bottom and the upside laminating of rotor plate of ball, and the ball is located the motion trail of vibrations piece.
As the further preferred of this technical scheme, the top fixedly connected with of dust removal jar is vertical decurrent motor I, the output of motor I is coaxial fixed with the agitator, the lower extreme fixedly connected with symmetry's of agitator brush the board, the downside of brush board is provided with a plurality of brushes, and the lower extreme of brush is laminated with the upside of one-level sieve.
As a further preferable mode of the technical scheme, the sieve holes arranged on the secondary sieve plate are distributed from small to large in axis, and the funnel is fixedly connected to the secondary sieve plate at the lower side of the sieve holes with the same size.
As a further preferable mode of the technical scheme, the upper side of the sector-shaped notch plate is fixedly connected with a connecting rod, the notch of the sector-shaped notch plate corresponds to the same size sieve pore area on the secondary sieve plate, the upper end of the baffle plate is provided with a sliding groove, and the upper end of the connecting rod is in sliding connection with the sliding groove.
As a further preferable mode of the technical scheme, the top end of the dust removal tank is fixedly connected with the feed inlet.
As a further preferable mode of the technical scheme, one side, close to the bottom, of the dust removal tank is connected with a sealing door in a sliding mode, and the outer end of the sealing door is fixedly connected with a material guide channel.
The utility model provides a seed classifying and screening device, which has the following beneficial effects:
(1) The utility model can expose the smallest sieve pore area on the secondary sieve plate through the fan-shaped defect plate during screening through the arrangement of the connecting column, the baffle plate, the secondary sieve plate, the fan-shaped defect plate, the funnel, the folding pipe, the collecting tank and the vibration mechanism, and the vibration mechanism drives the connecting column to vibrate up and down, so that the secondary sieve plate is driven by the baffle plate to screen smaller particles in seeds, the funnel and the folding pipe enter the collecting tank to collect the particles, after the screening vibration is carried out for a certain time, the second small sieve pore area is exposed through the rotating fan-shaped defect plate, the screening is carried out again, and the fan-shaped defect plate is rotated step by step after the screening, so that the screening is carried out step by step, and the function of classifying, screening and collecting the sizes of the seed particles is realized.
(2) According to the utility model, through the arrangement of the dust removing tank, the dust collector, the annular pipe, the dust hood, the primary screen plate and the stirrer, seeds in the dust removing tank can be driven to rotate through the stirrer, so that the dust on the surfaces of the seeds can be lifted in the dust stirring tank, lifted dust can be sucked into the annular pipe from the dust hood through the suction force generated by the dust collector, the dust can be collected through the annular pipe, the seeds can be screened from the bottom of the dust removing pipe through the arrangement of the primary screen plate, and the mixed platycodon grandiflorum or shell and the like in the seeds can be filtered and remained in the dust removing tank through the primary screen plate, so that the function of cleaning larger impurities such as the platycodon grandiflorum and the like in the seeds is realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a main structure of a seed sorting and screening device according to the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a partial cross-sectional structure of a dust tank in a seed sorting and screening device according to the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a dust removal tank in the seed sorting and screening device of the present utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the main structure of a secondary screen plate of the seed classifying and screening device according to the present utility model;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of the portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present utility model;
in the figure: 1. a mounting table; 2. a funnel; 3. a baffle; 4. a material guide channel; 5. a dust removal tank; 6. a motor I; 7. a feed inlet; 8. a dust collector; 9. sealing the door; 10. folding the tube; 11. a connecting column; 12. a motor II; 13. a ball; 14. a vibrating block; 15. a first-stage sieve plate; 16. brushing a plate; 17. a dust hood; 18. an annular tube; 19. a stirrer; 20. sector-shaped blank; 21. a second-stage screen plate; 22. a connecting rod; 23. a chute; 24. a rotating plate; 25. and a collection tank.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present utility model will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present utility model.
The utility model provides the technical scheme that: in the embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 3-5, the top end of the installation table 1 is fixedly connected with a dust collection tank 5, a stirrer 19 is arranged inside the dust collection tank 5, a dust collector 8 is fixedly connected to the side wall, close to the upper end, of the dust collection tank 5, an annular pipe 18 is fixedly connected to the top end inside the dust collection tank 5, the dust collector 8 is connected with the annular pipe 18 through a pipeline, a plurality of uniformly distributed dust collection hoods 17 are arranged on the annular pipe 18, a first-stage sieve plate 15 is arranged at the bottom of the dust collection tank 5, seeds in the dust collection tank 5 are driven to rotate through the stirrer 19, so that the dust attached to the surface is lifted up by the dust collector 8 in the rotation process, the dust is sucked into the dust collection hoods 17 through the annular pipe 18 and the connected pipeline, the function of absorbing smaller particles mixed in the seeds is achieved, and the function of filtering and remaining larger impurities such as a balloonflower root and a seed shell mixed in the seeds on the upper side of the first-stage sieve plate 15 is achieved, and the impurities mixed in the seeds are cleaned through the first-stage sieve plate 15.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a connecting column 11 which is uniformly distributed is slidingly connected on a mounting table 1 under a primary screen plate 15, a vibration mechanism is arranged on the lower side of the mounting table 1 to drive the connecting column 11 to vibrate up and down, an annular baffle plate 3 is fixedly connected to the top end of the connecting column 11, a secondary screen plate 21 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the baffle plate 3, the secondary screen plate 21 is positioned under the primary screen plate 15, a sector-shaped notch plate 20 is rotatably connected to the upper side of the secondary screen plate 21, a funnel 2 which is uniformly distributed is fixedly connected to the lower side of the secondary screen plate 21, the sieve holes arranged on the secondary screen plate 21 are distributed from small to large in axis, the notches of the sector-shaped notch plate 20 correspond to the sieve hole areas with the same size on the secondary screen plate 21, a folding pipe 10 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the funnel 2 through the arrangement of the folding pipe 10, the utility model discloses a seed screening device, can drive the folding pipe 10 to fold from top to bottom when vibration mechanism drives the secondary screen 21 to vibrate from top to bottom, the lower extreme fixedly swing joint of folding pipe 10 has collecting vessel 25, drive spliced pole 11 through vibration mechanism and vibrate from top to bottom, thereby make the secondary screen 21 of baffle 3 lower extreme vibrate from top to reach the function of vibrating the seed of secondary screen 21 upside, thereby accelerate the screening process of seed, can prevent the seed to drop outside because of vibrations in the screening process through setting up of baffle 3, after screening for a period of time, rotate fan-shaped lack board 20, make the less sieve mesh of secondary expose, shelter from other sieve mesh regions, make the less seed of secondary fall into funnel 2 of below through the vibrations on the secondary screen 21, fall into collecting vessel 25 through folding pipe 10 and collect, through rotating fan-shaped lack board 20 step by step, the seeds can be screened step by step, so that the function of classifying and collecting the seeds after the step-by-step screening of the sizes of the seeds is achieved.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the vibration mechanism comprises a motor ii 12 fixedly connected to the lower side of the mounting table 1, the output end of the motor ii 12 is fixedly connected with a rotating plate 24, the rotating plate 24 is fixedly connected with vibration blocks 14 which are uniformly distributed, one end of each vibration block 14 is set to be an inclined upward slope, the bottom end of each connecting column 11 is in rolling connection with a ball 13, the bottom end of each ball 13 is attached to the upper side of the corresponding rotating plate 24, the ball 13 is located on the motion track of each vibration block 14, when the motor ii 12 is started, the rotating plate 24 is driven to rotate, so that the vibration blocks 14 rotate along with the rotating plate 24, when the inclined surface of each vibration block 14 contacts with the corresponding ball 13, the balls 13 fall down along with the rising of the inclined surface, so that the connecting columns 11 move up and down, and the secondary screen plate 21 is driven to vibrate up and down.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the top fixedly connected with vertical decurrent motor i 6 of dust removal jar 5, the output and the agitator 19 coaxial fixed of motor i 6, the lower extreme fixedly connected with symmetry brush board 16 of agitator 19, the downside of brush board 16 is provided with a plurality of brushes, and the lower extreme of brush is laminated with the upside of one-level sieve 15, the top fixed connection of dust removal jar 5 is by feed inlet 7, one side sliding connection that dust removal jar 5 is close to the bottom has sealing door 9, sealing door 9's outer fixed connection guide way 4, when motor i 6 starts, can drive agitator 19 rotation, agitator 19 drives the seed in the dust removal jar 5 and rotates, thereby make the mixed less impurity in the seed lift up in the stirring, after the one-level screening is accomplished, open sealing door 9, the brush of agitator 19 bottom can brush out the great impurity such as residual balloonflower on the upper end of one-level screening board from the upside of one-level sieve 15, discharge to the outside guide way 4 from sealing door 9's opening.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, the upper side of the fan-shaped segment plate 20 is fixedly connected with a connecting rod 22, the upper end of the baffle 3 is provided with a chute 23, the upper end of the connecting rod 22 is slidably connected in the chute 23, and the position of the fan-shaped segment plate 20 is conveniently adjusted by sliding the connecting rod 22 on the chute 23.
The utility model provides a seed classifying and screening device, which has the following specific working principle: during operation, the seed is led into the dust removal tank 5 through the feed inlet 7, the motor I6 drives the agitator 19 and rotates, drive the seed in the dust removal tank 5 and rotate, mix less impurity and dust in the seed and lift up, the ring pipe 18 of being connected through the dust catcher 8, and the dust hood 17 can be with less granule and the dust absorption of lifting, and the one-level sieve 15 can screen and remain in the dust removal tank 5 to the great granule that mixes, the seed can drop on the second grade sieve 21, can accelerate the screening process of seed through vibration mechanism, can shelter from the sieve mesh region on the second grade sieve 21 through fan-shaped lack board 20, keep minimum sieve mesh region, thereby less seed in the seed filters, the seed after the screening falls into the funnel 2 of below, get into the collection tank 25 through the folding pipe 10 of funnel 2 lower extreme and collect, thereby reach the function of collecting the different sizes of seed.
Although embodiments of the present utility model have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made therein without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. Seed classification screening plant, including mount table (1), its characterized in that: the utility model discloses a dust removal device, including installing table (1), dust removal tank (5), connecting column (11) that the top fixedly connected with agitator (19) is provided with in the top fixedly connected with dust catcher (8) on the lateral wall that dust removal tank (5) are close to the upper end, the top fixedly connected with annular pipe (18) of dust catcher (5), pass through pipe connection between dust catcher (8) and annular pipe (18), be provided with a plurality of evenly distributed's suction hood (17) on annular pipe (18), the bottom of dust removal tank (5) is provided with one-level sieve (15), sliding connection has evenly distributed's spliced pole (11) on installing table (1) under one-level sieve (15), the downside of installing table (1) is provided with vibration mechanism and drives spliced pole (11) and shake from top to bottom, the top fixedly connected with annular baffle (3) of spliced pole (11), the bottom fixedly connected with second grade sieve (21) and second grade sieve (21) are located under one-level sieve (15), second grade sieve (21) are connected with fan-shaped sieve (20) and are connected with fan-shaped sieve (2), the lower end of the folding pipe (10) is fixedly and movably connected with a collecting tank (25).
2. A seed sorting and screening device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the vibration mechanism comprises a motor II (12) fixedly connected to the lower side of the mounting table (1), a rotating plate (24) is fixedly connected to the output end of the motor II (12), vibration blocks (14) are uniformly distributed on the rotating plate (24), one end of each vibration block (14) is arranged to be an inclined surface which is inclined upwards, balls (13) are connected to the bottom end of each connecting column (11) in a rolling mode, the bottom ends of the balls (13) are attached to the upper side of the rotating plate (24), and the balls (13) are located on the motion trail of each vibration block (14).
3. A seed sorting and screening device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top fixedly connected with vertical decurrent motor I (6) of dust removal jar (5), the output of motor I (6) is coaxial fixed with agitator (19), the lower extreme fixedly connected with of agitator (19) is symmetrical brush board (16), the downside of brush board (16) is provided with a plurality of brushes, and the downside of brush laminating with the upside of one-level sieve (15).
4. A seed sorting and screening device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sieve holes arranged on the secondary sieve plate (21) are distributed from small to large in axis, and the hopper (2) is fixedly connected to the secondary sieve plate (21) below the sieve holes with the same size.
5. A seed sorting and screening device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper side fixedly connected with connecting rod (22) of fan-shaped lack board (20), the breach of fan-shaped lack board (20) is corresponding with the sieve mesh region of same size on second grade sieve (21), spout (23) have been seted up to the upper end of baffle (3), the upper end sliding connection of connecting rod (22) is in spout (23).
6. A seed sorting and screening device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top end of the dust removal tank (5) is fixedly connected with a feed inlet (7).
7. A seed sorting and screening device according to claim 1, characterized in that: one side of the dust removal tank (5) close to the bottom is connected with a sealing door (9) in a sliding mode, and the outer end of the sealing door (9) is fixedly connected with a material guide channel (4).
CN202320635467.8U 2023-03-28 2023-03-28 Seed classifying and screening device Active CN219442375U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320635467.8U CN219442375U (en) 2023-03-28 2023-03-28 Seed classifying and screening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320635467.8U CN219442375U (en) 2023-03-28 2023-03-28 Seed classifying and screening device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219442375U true CN219442375U (en) 2023-08-01

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320635467.8U Active CN219442375U (en) 2023-03-28 2023-03-28 Seed classifying and screening device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116786501A (en) * 2023-08-25 2023-09-22 鄂尔多斯市智慧能源科技有限公司 Wet separation device for coal mine slag

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116786501A (en) * 2023-08-25 2023-09-22 鄂尔多斯市智慧能源科技有限公司 Wet separation device for coal mine slag

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