CN219809908U - Garbage incinerator with U-shaped structure and conical closing-in exhaust port - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator with U-shaped structure and conical closing-in exhaust port Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219809908U
CN219809908U CN202320668283.1U CN202320668283U CN219809908U CN 219809908 U CN219809908 U CN 219809908U CN 202320668283 U CN202320668283 U CN 202320668283U CN 219809908 U CN219809908 U CN 219809908U
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exhaust
furnace body
combustion chamber
fixedly connected
secondary combustion
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CN202320668283.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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周立洋
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Hebei East Industry Technology Co ltd
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Hebei East Industry Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a U-shaped garbage incineration chamber with a conical closing-in exhaust port, and relates to the technical field of garbage disposal. In the utility model, a small amount of magnetized air is introduced into the degradation furnace to partially burn combustible matters in the treated solid waste and combustible matters generated by pyrolysis, and the generated heat enables organic matters in the solid waste to be continuously thermally decomposed.

Description

Garbage incinerator with U-shaped structure and conical closing-in exhaust port
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of garbage disposal, and particularly relates to a garbage incinerator with a U-shaped structure and a conical closing-in exhaust port.
Background
The traditional garbage treatment method comprises open-air incineration, landfill incineration, incineration and the like, wherein the open-air incineration has great harm, and harmful substances generated by combustion are directly dispersed in the air, so that not only is the atmospheric pollution caused, but also the surrounding environments such as water, soil and the like are polluted; landfill has the disadvantage of wasting land resources and can cause environmental pollution of soil, groundwater, atmosphere, etc. Compared with landfill, the method of garbage incineration is more advanced, not only saves land resources, greatly reduces the volume of ashes after incineration, causes relatively less environmental pollution, can use waste heat generated by incineration to generate electricity and heat, and improves the utilization efficiency.
Based on the above, the present inventors found that the following problems exist: the secondary pollution of the environment is easy to cause, a large amount of harmful gases such as CO, SO2, NOx, HCI and the like can be generated when garbage is burned, dioxin which is fatal to a human body and heavy metal fly ash containing Hg, pb and the like can be generated, the environment is polluted, the transportation cost of disposal modes such as open landfill, burning and the like is high, and the household garbage in a certain area needs to be intensively treated.
Accordingly, in view of the above, the present utility model provides a garbage incinerator with a U-shaped structure having a tapered inlet and outlet, which is improved to achieve the purpose of more practical value.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model provides a U-shaped garbage incinerator with a conical closing-in exhaust port, so as to solve the problem that heavy metal fly ash causes pollution to the environment when a large amount of harmful gas is generated by incinerating garbage.
The utility model discloses a U-shaped garbage incinerator with a conical closing-in exhaust port, which is characterized by comprising the following specific technical means:
the utility model provides a U type structure takes waste incineration chamber of toper binding off gas vent, includes garbage bin and furnace body, the side of furnace body is provided with the lifting machine, the garbage bin is located the lifting machine, upper portion one side of furnace body is provided with the feed gate, the lower part of furnace body is provided with and connects the ash bucket, the inside of furnace body is provided with the intake pipe, be provided with magnetization unit in the intake pipe, the one end fixed mounting of intake pipe has air inlet fan, and the upper portion of furnace body is provided with first exhaust duct, the furnace body passes through first exhaust duct fixedly connected with secondary combustion chamber, one side of secondary combustion chamber is provided with the combustor, the inside of secondary combustion chamber is provided with the flame retardant coating, U type structure has been seted up to the inside of secondary combustion chamber, the inside of U type structure is provided with helical blade.
Further, the second exhaust pipeline is fixedly connected to the other side of the secondary combustion chamber, the secondary combustion chamber is fixedly connected with a spraying device through the second exhaust pipeline, a spraying pipeline is fixedly installed on the side face of the spraying device, one end of the spraying pipeline is connected with a spraying water pump, and a circulating water tank is connected to the spraying water pump.
Further, a third exhaust pipeline is fixedly installed on the spraying device, the spraying device is connected with an active carbon filter box through the third exhaust pipeline, and one side of the active carbon filter box is connected with a fourth exhaust pipeline.
Further, one end fixedly connected with exhaust purification device of fourth exhaust duct, exhaust purification device's one end fixedly connected with fifth exhaust duct, the one end of fifth exhaust duct is connected with exhaust fan.
Further, a sixth exhaust pipeline is fixedly connected to the exhaust fan, one end of the sixth exhaust pipeline is fixedly connected with a bag-type dust remover, and a seventh exhaust pipeline is fixedly connected to the bag-type dust remover.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
in the utility model, a small amount of magnetized air is introduced into the degradation furnace to partially burn combustible matters in the treated solid waste and combustible matters generated by pyrolysis, and the generated heat enables organic matters in the solid waste to be continuously thermally decomposed.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall schematic diagram of a U-shaped refuse incinerator with a tapered inlet and outlet.
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the inside of a secondary combustion chamber of a U-shaped garbage incinerator with a tapered closing-in exhaust port.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a part of a secondary combustion chamber of the garbage incinerator with a U-shaped structure and a tapered closing-in exhaust port.
FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of the interior of a secondary combustion chamber of a U-shaped refuse incinerator with a tapered inlet and outlet.
In the figure, the correspondence between the component names and the drawing numbers is:
1. a garbage can; 2. a hoist; 3. a feed gate; 4. a furnace body; 5. an ash receiving hopper; 6. an air inlet pipe; 7. a magnetizing device; 8. an air inlet fan; 9. a burner; 10. a first exhaust duct; 11. a secondary combustion chamber; 12. a second exhaust duct; 13. a spraying device; 14. a spray pipe; 15. a spray water pump; 16. a circulation water tank; 17. a third exhaust duct; 18. an active carbon filter box; 19. a fourth exhaust duct; 20. an exhaust gas purifying device; 21. a fifth exhaust duct; 22. an exhaust fan; 23. a sixth exhaust duct; 24. a bag-type dust collector; 25. a seventh exhaust duct; 26. a helical blade; 27. and a refractory layer.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present utility model are described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. The following examples are illustrative of the utility model but are not intended to limit the scope of the utility model.
In the description of the present utility model, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more; the terms "upper," "lower," "left," "right," "inner," "outer," "front," "rear," "head," "tail," and the like are used as an orientation or positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate description of the utility model and to simplify the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the utility model. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "connected," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be either fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, for example; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present utility model will be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Examples:
as shown in fig. 1 to 4:
the utility model provides a garbage incineration chamber with a U-shaped structure and a conical closing-in exhaust port, which comprises a garbage can 1 and a furnace body 4, wherein a lifting machine 2 is arranged on the side surface of the furnace body 4, the garbage can 1 is positioned on the lifting machine 2, one side of the upper part of the furnace body 4 is provided with a feed door 3, the lower part of the furnace body 4 is provided with an ash receiving hopper 5, the inside of the furnace body 4 is provided with an air inlet pipe 6, the air inlet pipe 6 is provided with a magnetizing device 7, one end of the air inlet pipe 6 is fixedly provided with an air inlet fan 8, the upper part of the furnace body 4 is provided with a first exhaust pipeline 10, the furnace body 4 is fixedly connected with a secondary combustion chamber 11 through the first exhaust pipeline 10, one side of the secondary combustion chamber 11 is provided with a combustor 9, the inside of the secondary combustion chamber 11 is provided with a refractory layer 27, the inside of the secondary combustion chamber 11 is provided with a U-shaped structure, the inside of the U-shaped structure is provided with a helical blade 26, the magnetizing device 7 is arranged on the side surface of the furnace body 4 and is connected with an air inlet fan 8, an exhaust hole is formed in a pipe in the furnace body 4 through an air inlet pipe 6, magnetized air is blown into a degradation furnace in the furnace body 4, a small amount of magnetized air is introduced into the degradation furnace, combustible materials in the processed solid waste and combustible materials generated by pyrolysis are partially combusted, generated heat enables organic materials in the solid waste to be continuously thermally decomposed, the processed materials are indirectly magnetized due to the magnetized air, the energy required by pyrolysis is reduced, the pyrolysis efficiency is improved, and therefore pyrolysis gasification can be realized at a low temperature of 300 ℃, and dioxin is basically avoided;
the secondary combustion chamber 11 is positioned at the top of the furnace body 4, is in a cuboid shape, and is internally refractory, high-temperature flame combustion (the temperature in the secondary combustion chamber is kept above 850 ℃) heats the spiral blades 26, and waste gas passes through the secondary combustion chamber 11, wherein part of carbon monoxide (CO) is combusted to generate CO2, and the other part of the carbon monoxide is reacted with copper oxide to generate actinium (Cu) and carbon dioxide (CO 2) (the chemical formula is CuO+CO=Cu+C2); and simultaneously, the dioxin is eliminated under the action of high temperature, and the organic macromolecular particles are combusted into small molecular light ash particles under the action of high temperature.
The other side fixedly connected with second exhaust duct 12 of secondary combustion chamber 11, secondary combustion chamber 11 passes through second exhaust duct 12 fixedly connected with spray set 13, spray set 13's side fixedly mounted has spray set 14, spray set 14's one end is connected with spray pump 15, be connected with circulating water tank 16 on the spray pump 15, spray barrel of spray set 13 is located magnetizing device 7 side, be connected with circulating water tank 16 through spray set 14, cylinder-shaped spray barrel, three-layer foraminiferous baffle layer is fixed on the simple body inner wall, three detachable access holes have on the simple body, high-pressure water pump is with the water pump of water tank to spray set 14, branch into three routes, be equipped with atomizing shower head on every branch spray duct 14, atomize water, high-temperature waste gas behind the secondary combustion chamber 11 passes through spray set 13, through atomizing hydrone can reduce the waste gas temperature constantly at 130-150 ℃, dioxin can be in 250-400 ℃ regeneration, effectively prevent the secondary of dioxin and produce, simultaneously can get rid of particulate matters such as smoke and dust, mix the slaked lime in the water, spout with in the chemical formula (Ca=2+2) is the water circulating water circulation of sulphur dioxide in the ball valve, the water is removed through high-speed rivers and atomized and is sprayed and is in the water circulation water tank 2+2+2 is well.
The upper part of the spraying device 13 is fixedly provided with a third exhaust pipeline 17, the spraying device 13 is connected with an active carbon filter box 18 through the third exhaust pipeline 17, one side of the active carbon filter box 18 is connected with a fourth exhaust pipeline 19, the active carbon filter box 18 is provided with an openable door, and the active carbon is of a honeycomb structure and can adsorb heavy metals, dioxins, malodorous gases and the like.
Wherein, one end of the fourth exhaust duct 19 is fixedly connected with an exhaust gas purifying device 20, one end of the exhaust gas purifying device 20 is fixedly connected with a fifth exhaust duct 21, and one end of the fifth exhaust duct 21 is connected with an exhaust fan 22.
The exhaust fan 22 is fixedly connected with a sixth exhaust pipeline 23, one end of the sixth exhaust pipeline 23 is fixedly connected with a bag-type dust remover 24, and the bag-type dust remover 24 is fixedly connected with a seventh exhaust pipeline 25.
Specific use and action of the embodiment:
in the utility model, firstly, a feed door 3 controls the opening and closing state through a servo electro-hydraulic push rod, a lifter 2 lifts a garbage can 1 filled with household garbage and pours garbage in the can into a pyrolysis furnace body 4; igniting garbage in the furnace body 4, starting an air inlet fan 8, enabling external air to enter a magnetizing device 7 through the air inlet fan 8, enabling magnetized air to enter the pyrolysis furnace body 4 through an air inlet pipe 6, enabling combustible materials in the processed solid waste and combustible materials generated by pyrolysis to be partially combusted, and enabling organic substances in the solid waste to be subjected to continuous thermal decomposition through generated heat; the waste gas generated by the pyrolysis in the furnace body 4 is combusted by the burner 9 to generate a high-temperature U-shaped structure with a conical closing-in exhaust port, and a secondary combustion chamber 11 with a spiral blade 26 in the channel is used for eliminating carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and dioxin in the waste gas; cooling the high-temperature waste gas containing slaked lime solution (Ca (OH) 2) subjected to spray atomization to 130-150 ℃ after rapid cooling, and removing sulfur dioxide and particulate matters in the waste gas; the waste gas passing through the spraying device 13 enters an activated carbon filter box 18 through an exhaust pipeline, and the waste gas passes through honeycomb activated carbon blocks to adsorb heavy metals, dioxin and malodorous gases; enters an exhaust gas purification device 20, and after being purified by low-temperature plasma, malodorous and VOCs gases are removed; the gas discharged from the exhaust gas purification device 20 is introduced into a bag-type dust collector 24 through a fifth exhaust pipeline 21 and a sixth exhaust pipeline 23 by an exhaust fan 22, and particulate matters, heavy metals and other substances in the exhaust gas are secondarily collected; the gas passing through the bag-type dust collector 24 is discharged after reaching the standard through a seventh exhaust pipeline 25.
The embodiments of the utility model have been presented for purposes of illustration and description, and are not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the utility model in the form disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the utility model and the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the utility model for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a U type structure takes waste incineration room of toper binding off gas vent which characterized in that: including garbage bin (1) and furnace body (4), the side of furnace body (4) is provided with lifting machine (2), garbage bin (1) is located lifting machine (2), upper portion one side of furnace body (4) is provided with feed gate (3), the lower part of furnace body (4) is provided with connects ash bucket (5), the inside of furnace body (4) is provided with intake pipe (6), be provided with magnetization unit (7) on intake pipe (6), the one end fixed mounting of intake pipe (6) has air inlet fan (8), the upper portion of furnace body (4) is provided with first exhaust duct (10), furnace body (4) are provided with secondary combustion chamber (11) through first exhaust duct (10) fixedly connected with, one side of secondary combustion chamber (11) is provided with combustor (9), the inside of secondary combustion chamber (11) is provided with flame retardant coating (27), the inside of secondary combustion chamber (11) has been seted up U type structure, the inside of U type structure is provided with helical blade (26).
2. The garbage incinerator with a U-shaped structure and a conical closing-in exhaust port as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the secondary combustion chamber is characterized in that a second exhaust pipeline (12) is fixedly connected to the other side of the secondary combustion chamber (11), a spraying device (13) is fixedly connected to the secondary combustion chamber (11) through the second exhaust pipeline (12), a spraying pipeline (14) is fixedly arranged on the side face of the spraying device (13), a spraying water pump (15) is connected to one end of the spraying pipeline (14), and a circulating water tank (16) is connected to the spraying water pump (15).
3. The garbage incinerator with a U-shaped structure and a conical closing-in exhaust port as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the upper part of the spraying device (13) is fixedly provided with a third exhaust pipeline (17), the spraying device (13) is connected with an active carbon filter box (18) through the third exhaust pipeline (17), and one side of the active carbon filter box (18) is connected with a fourth exhaust pipeline (19).
4. A U-shaped refuse incinerator with tapered inlet exhaust as claimed in claim 3, further comprising: one end fixedly connected with exhaust gas purification device (20) of fourth exhaust duct (19), the one end fixedly connected with fifth exhaust duct (21) of exhaust gas purification device (20), the one end of fifth exhaust duct (21) is connected with exhaust fan (22).
5. The garbage incinerator with a U-shaped structure and a conical closing-in exhaust port as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the exhaust fan (22) is fixedly connected with a sixth exhaust pipeline (23), one end of the sixth exhaust pipeline (23) is fixedly connected with a bag-type dust remover (24), and a seventh exhaust pipeline (25) is fixedly connected to the bag-type dust remover (24).
CN202320668283.1U 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 Garbage incinerator with U-shaped structure and conical closing-in exhaust port Active CN219809908U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320668283.1U CN219809908U (en) 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 Garbage incinerator with U-shaped structure and conical closing-in exhaust port

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320668283.1U CN219809908U (en) 2023-03-30 2023-03-30 Garbage incinerator with U-shaped structure and conical closing-in exhaust port

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219809908U true CN219809908U (en) 2023-10-10

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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