CN219756417U - Waste incineration tail gas treatment device - Google Patents

Waste incineration tail gas treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219756417U
CN219756417U CN202321223324.2U CN202321223324U CN219756417U CN 219756417 U CN219756417 U CN 219756417U CN 202321223324 U CN202321223324 U CN 202321223324U CN 219756417 U CN219756417 U CN 219756417U
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe
filter tank
tail gas
filter
treatment device
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CN202321223324.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨瑞褒
乔新立
王刚
刘晋奎
上官朝飞
王俊明
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Shanxi Horui Electric Power Science And Technology Research Institute Co ltd
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Shanxi Horui Electric Power Science And Technology Research Institute Co ltd
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Priority to CN202321223324.2U priority Critical patent/CN219756417U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of environmental protection, and particularly relates to a waste incineration tail gas treatment device, which comprises a filter tank, wherein the filter tank is communicated with an air inlet pipe, the filter tank is communicated with an air outlet pipe, a partition board is fixed in the filter tank, a fan is fixedly arranged in the filter tank, a coiled pipe is arranged in the filter tank, a supporting rod is arranged in the filter tank, the filter tank is communicated with a hot air pipe, a manual ball valve is arranged outside the hot air pipe, and a filter assembly is arranged in the filter tank; when passing through the coiled pipe, start the fan, tail gas heat transfer is to the coiled pipe outside, takes away the steam that the coiled pipe distributes through the wind-force that the fan provided, indirectly reduces the temperature of tail gas, opens manual ball valve steam and discharges from the hot-blast main, and exhaust steam gets into boiler equipment and generates electricity, just so has solved waste gas heat energy extravagant problem, has also reduced the thermal pollution to external environment simultaneously.

Description

Waste incineration tail gas treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of environmental protection, and particularly relates to a waste incineration tail gas treatment device.
Background
The garbage incineration is an older traditional garbage disposal method, and has remarkable reduction effect, saves land, can eliminate various pathogens and converts toxic and harmful substances into harmless substances after the garbage is treated by the incineration method, so the garbage incineration method has become one of the main methods for urban garbage disposal;
in the power generation by garbage incineration, garbage is mainly used as fuel, the fuel is put into a boiler to burn, so that superheated steam generated by the fuel is input into a steam turbine, the process of converting heat energy into electric energy is realized, harmful gases generated in garbage incineration are directly discharged into the external environment after being filtered, but the harmful gases have a large amount of heat, and the direct discharge not only causes the waste of heat energy, but also causes heat pollution to the environment.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the utility model is that: aims to provide a garbage incineration tail gas treatment device which is used for solving the problems existing in the background technology.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a waste incineration tail gas treatment device, includes the filter tank, the filter tank can handle the gas that produces when the waste incineration, the filter tank outside intercommunication has the intake pipe, through the intake pipe can get into waste gas the filter tank is inside, the filter tank upper end intercommunication has the blast pipe, the process the waste gas after the filter tank handles can directly follow the blast pipe is discharged, the filter tank inner wall is fixed with the baffle, the baffle will the filter tank is divided into upper and lower two-layer, carries out different treatments to waste gas, the filter tank is inside to be equipped with and is located the cooling module of baffle downside, cooling module can cool down the waste gas to the treatment to reduce the thermal pollution to external environment;
the cooling module comprises a fan, the fan is fixed to be located when waste gas cools down the filtration jar bottom, the inside coiled pipe that is equipped with of filtration jar, just coiled pipe one end with intake pipe intercommunication, the coiled pipe other end with baffle upside intercommunication, the coiled pipe can carry waste gas, increases the stroke that waste gas flows, can also improve waste gas simultaneously the inside residence time of filtration jar, makes the fan can be right the coiled pipe surface cools down to indirectly reduce waste gas temperature, filtration jar inner wall array is equipped with a plurality of bracing pieces, and each the bracing piece all with coiled pipe butt, each the bracing piece can prop up the coiled pipe prevents the coiled pipe with the baffle drops, the filtration jar intercommunication has the hot-blast pipe, the hot-blast pipe outside is equipped with manual ball valve, opens manual ball valve can make steam get into inside the hot-blast pipe, makes things convenient for follow-up to thermal utilization, the inside being located of filtration jar filter module that is equipped with of baffle upside, the filtration module can filter the waste gas in the clean environment of filtration module, prevent to reach external world's impurity.
The filter component comprises a lime plate layer, an activated carbon plate layer and a filter plate layer, wherein the lime plate layer, the activated carbon plate layer and the filter plate layer are all in sealing connection with the inner wall of the filter tank.
The lower end of the filtering tank is provided with a base.
The utility model discloses a filter tank, including filtering jar, baffle, manual valve, filter tank outside is equipped with the blow off pipe, just the blow off pipe is sealed to pass the one end of filter tank inner wall with the baffle communicates, the blow off pipe outside is equipped with manual valve.
The serpentine tube extends upwardly through one end of the separator.
An automatic valve is arranged between the coiled pipe and the air inlet pipe.
In the utility model, the waste gas generated by the waste incineration is conveyed to the upper end of the partition plate through the coiled pipe, the heat of the waste gas is transferred to the outer side of the coiled pipe in the waste gas conveying process, at the moment, the fan is started, so that the air can be sucked from the lower end of the filter tank and blown to the coiled pipe to take away the temperature of the outer side of the coiled pipe, thereby indirectly reducing the temperature of the waste gas, finally, the manual ball valve is opened, the hot gas is discharged from the hot air pipe, and the discharged hot gas enters the boiler equipment to generate electricity, thereby solving the waste of waste gas heat energy and reducing the heat pollution to the external environment.
Drawings
The utility model may be further illustrated by means of non-limiting examples given in the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a garbage incineration tail gas treatment device;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a partial sectional structure of a garbage incineration tail gas treatment device according to the present utility model.
The main reference numerals are as follows:
the filter tank 100, the air inlet pipe 101, the air outlet pipe 102, the partition plate 103, the fan 104, the serpentine pipe 105, the support rod 106, the hot air pipe 107, the manual ball valve 108, the lime sheet 200, the activated carbon sheet 201, the filter sheet 202, the base 203, the drain pipe 204, the manual valve 205 and the automatic valve 206.
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art will better understand the present utility model, the following technical scheme of the present utility model will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment one:
as shown in fig. 1-2, a waste incineration tail gas treatment device, including filter canister 100, the outside intercommunication of filter canister 100 has intake pipe 101, and the upper end intercommunication of filter canister 100 has blast pipe 102, its characterized in that: a baffle 103 is fixed on the inner wall of the filter tank 100, and a cooling component positioned on the lower side of the baffle 103 is arranged in the filter tank 100;
the cooling assembly comprises a fan 104, the fan 104 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the filter tank 100, a coiled pipe 105 is arranged in the filter tank 100, one end of the coiled pipe 105 is communicated with the air inlet pipe 101, the other end of the coiled pipe 105 is communicated with the upper side of the partition plate 103, a plurality of supporting rods 106 are arranged on the inner wall array of the filter tank 100, each supporting rod 106 is abutted to the coiled pipe 105, the filter tank 100 is communicated with a hot air pipe 107, a manual ball valve 108 is arranged on the outer side of the hot air pipe 107, and the filter assembly is arranged on the upper side of the partition plate 103 inside the filter tank 100.
When the garbage is incinerated: the waste gas firstly enters the filter tank 100 through the air inlet pipe 101 and then is conveyed to the upper side of the partition plate 103 through the coiled pipe 105, when the waste gas flows through the coiled pipe 105, heat in the waste gas is transferred to the outer side of the coiled pipe 105, at the moment, the fan 104 is started, wind power generated by the fan 104 blows to the coiled pipe 105 and takes away heat at the outer side of the coiled pipe 105, so that the temperature of the waste gas in the coiled pipe 105 is indirectly reduced, at the moment, the manual ball valve 108 is opened, the generated hot gas is discharged from the hot air pipe 107 and is used for other subsequent connecting equipment, waste of the heat is avoided, the cooled waste gas is filtered through the filter assembly to obtain clean gas, and finally the clean gas is discharged from the exhaust pipe 102;
in this embodiment, when passing through the coiled pipe 105, the fan 104 is started, the heat of the tail gas is transferred to the outer side of the coiled pipe 105, the hot air emitted by the coiled pipe 105 is taken away by the wind power provided by the fan 104, the temperature of the tail gas is indirectly reduced, the hot air is discharged from the hot air pipe 107 by opening the manual ball valve 108, and the discharged hot air enters the boiler equipment to generate electricity, so that the waste problem of the heat energy of the waste gas is solved, and the heat pollution to the external environment is reduced.
Embodiment two:
further description is made on the basis of the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 1-2, the filtering assembly includes a lime plate layer 200, an activated carbon plate layer 201 and a filtering plate layer 202, where the lime plate layer 200, the activated carbon plate layer 201 and the filtering plate layer 202 are all in sealing connection with the inner wall of the filtering tank 100.
The lower end of the filter canister 100 is provided with a base 203.
A drain pipe 204 is arranged outside the filter tank 100, one end of the drain pipe 204, which passes through the inner wall of the filter tank 100 in a sealing way, is communicated with the partition plate 103, and a manual valve 205 is arranged outside the drain pipe 204.
A serpentine tube 105 extends upwardly through one end of the diaphragm 103.
An automatic valve 206 is provided between the serpentine tube 105 and the intake pipe 101.
In this embodiment, the base 203 can increase the stability of the filter tank 100, and the bottom of the base 203 is hollow to provide flowing air for the cooling device; the drain pipe 204 can drain the accumulated liquid in the filter layer, the pipe orifice of the drain pipe 204 is leveled with the plane of the partition plate 103, which is beneficial to fully draining the accumulated liquid, and the drain pipe 204 is provided with a manual valve 205 for controlling the drain; a serpentine tube 105 passes through the upper end of the partition 103 to prevent backflow of liquid accumulation in the tube; the serpentine 105 is divided into three layers for the purpose of increasing the flow time of the exhaust gas in the heat dissipation layer to achieve the heat dissipation purpose, and each layer of the serpentine 105 has an inclination angle with respect to the base 203 for the purpose of preventing the inner liquid accumulation of the serpentine; the lowest layer of the serpentine 105 is externally connected with an automatic valve 206 for discharging the liquid accumulation in the serpentine.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles of the present utility model and its effectiveness, and are not intended to limit the utility model. Modifications and variations may be made to the above-described embodiments by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model. Accordingly, it is intended that all equivalent modifications and variations of the utility model be covered by the claims of this utility model, which are within the skill of those skilled in the art, can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model disclosed herein.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a waste incineration tail gas treatment device, includes the filter tank, the filter tank outside intercommunication has the intake pipe, the filter tank upper end intercommunication has blast pipe, its characterized in that: a baffle plate is fixed on the inner wall of the filter tank, and a cooling assembly positioned on the lower side of the baffle plate is arranged in the filter tank;
the cooling assembly comprises a fan, the fan is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the filtering tank, a coiled pipe is arranged inside the filtering tank, one end of the coiled pipe is communicated with the air inlet pipe, the other end of the coiled pipe is communicated with the upper side of the partition plate, a plurality of supporting rods are arranged on the inner wall array of the filtering tank, the supporting rods are respectively connected with the coiled pipe in a butt mode, a hot air pipe is communicated with the filtering tank, a manual ball valve is arranged outside the hot air pipe, and the filtering tank is internally located on the upper side of the partition plate and provided with the filtering assembly.
2. The waste incineration tail gas treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the filter component comprises a lime plate layer, an activated carbon plate layer and a filter plate layer, wherein the lime plate layer, the activated carbon plate layer and the filter plate layer are all in sealing connection with the inner wall of the filter tank.
3. The waste incineration tail gas treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lower end of the filtering tank is provided with a base.
4. The waste incineration tail gas treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a filter tank, including filtering jar, baffle, manual valve, filter tank outside is equipped with the blow off pipe, just the blow off pipe is sealed to pass the one end of filter tank inner wall with the baffle communicates, the blow off pipe outside is equipped with manual valve.
5. The waste incineration tail gas treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the serpentine tube extends upwardly through one end of the separator.
6. The waste incineration tail gas treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: an automatic valve is arranged between the coiled pipe and the air inlet pipe.
CN202321223324.2U 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Waste incineration tail gas treatment device Active CN219756417U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321223324.2U CN219756417U (en) 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Waste incineration tail gas treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321223324.2U CN219756417U (en) 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Waste incineration tail gas treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219756417U true CN219756417U (en) 2023-09-26

Family

ID=88091687

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202321223324.2U Active CN219756417U (en) 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 Waste incineration tail gas treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219756417U (en)

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