CN219684491U - Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment - Google Patents

Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219684491U
CN219684491U CN202320355289.3U CN202320355289U CN219684491U CN 219684491 U CN219684491 U CN 219684491U CN 202320355289 U CN202320355289 U CN 202320355289U CN 219684491 U CN219684491 U CN 219684491U
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China
Prior art keywords
module
tray
clamping
carrier
jacking
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CN202320355289.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张志伟
高益
林康康
刘曾柱
皇甫青海
唐远志
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Shangqiu Jinzhenyuan Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Shangqiu Jinzhenyuan Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202320355289.3U priority Critical patent/CN219684491U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of feeding and discharging equipment, and particularly relates to screw locking feeding and discharging equipment. The screw locking feeding and discharging equipment comprises a workbench and a triaxial truss carrying module, wherein a rotating assembly is horizontally arranged on the triaxial truss carrying module, and a carrier clamping module and a tray clamping module are horizontally arranged on a rotating piece of the rotating assembly; a raw clinker transmission module is arranged on one side of the workbench along the X-axis direction, and a stop module and a jacking module are arranged on the raw clinker transmission module and the clinker transmission module respectively; the tray clamping module is used for clamping the tray on the raw material conveying module and transferring the tray to the clinker conveying module, and the carrier clamping module is used for clamping carriers on the clinker conveying module and the clamping module so as to realize loading and unloading of the carriers. According to the utility model, the carrier pre-assembled with the mobile phone frame blank in advance can be automatically loaded and unloaded, so that manual carrying is reduced, loading and unloading efficiency is improved, and screw locking yield is improved.

Description

Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of feeding and discharging equipment, and particularly relates to screw locking feeding and discharging equipment.
Background
Referring to fig. 1, four blanks are loaded into a carrier 2 before the first CNC machining of a mobile phone frame blank 1, and each blank is positioned relative to the carrier 2 by a carrier positioning hole 21 and then a pressing plate 22 is locked by a pressing plate screw 23 to clamp the blank.
The existing process needs to manually put the carrier 2 into a clamping module 3 (see fig. 2) in a clamping machine, and after the mobile phone frame blank 1 is manually filled, the corresponding clamping module 3 is started, a clamping assembly of a rotary cylinder in the clamping module 3 is arranged in a downward tensioning hole 24 of the carrier 2 in a penetrating manner, and the carrier 2 is pulled down after being rotated to be perpendicular to the downward tensioning hole 24 so as to finish positioning and preliminary clamping of the mobile phone frame blank 1, then a four-axis automatic locking robot 4 (see fig. 2) is used for completing locking action, and then the mobile phone frame blank 1 and the carrier 2 are taken down integrally and fed into CNC for finish machining.
In this process, when the locking robot 4 locks the screw, the operator completes the filling or removing of the clinker and the placing of the raw material by the clamping module 3 on the free side (the locking operation on the carrier 2 has been completed), in this specification, the raw material means that the mobile phone frame blank 1 is placed in the carrier 2 and the screw locking operation is not performed, and the clinker means that the mobile phone frame blank 1 is placed in the carrier 2 and the screw locking operation has been performed. And each operator circularly completes the loading operation of the carrier 2 and the mobile phone frame blank 1 between the two clamping modules 3, and integrally performs the unloading operation on the carrier 2 locked with the mobile phone frame blank 1 after the locking is completed. Because the carrier 2 is heavy and has a large number of handling times per day, the operation strength is high when manual operation is adopted. Therefore, the inventor designs a device capable of automatically loading and unloading the carrier 2 pre-loaded with the mobile phone frame blank 1 in advance, so as to reduce manual carrying actions and correspondingly improve efficiency and yield.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems in the prior art, the utility model provides screw locking feeding and discharging equipment capable of automatically feeding and discharging a carrier pre-assembled with a mobile phone frame blank in advance, reducing manual carrying and improving feeding and discharging efficiency and screw locking yield.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present utility model provides the following technical solutions:
a screw locking feeding and discharging device comprises a workbench, wherein a triaxial truss carrying module comprising an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis in the movement direction is arranged on the workbench, a rotating assembly is horizontally arranged on the Z axis of the triaxial truss carrying module, and a carrier clamping module and a tray clamping module are horizontally arranged on a rotating member of the rotating assembly; a clinker transmission module close to the workbench and a raw material transmission module far away from the workbench are respectively arranged on one side of the workbench along the X-axis direction, the raw material and clinker transmission modules are used for transmitting a tray loaded with a carrier, and a stop module used for stopping the tray and a jacking module used for jacking the tray are respectively arranged on the raw material and clinker transmission modules; the tray clamping module is used for clamping the tray on the raw material conveying module and transferring the tray to the clinker conveying module, and the carrier clamping module is used for clamping carriers on the clinker conveying module and the clamping module so as to realize loading and unloading of the carriers.
Preferably, a tray holding module is arranged above the jacking module, and after the jacking module jacks up the tray, the tray holding module fixes the tray at the position after jacking.
Preferably, the tray holding module comprises a supporting frame vertically fixed on a raw clinker conveying module frame and a clinker conveying module frame respectively, a mounting plate horizontally and fixedly connected to the supporting frame, and a holding cylinder arranged opposite to the upper end face of the mounting plate, wherein a clamping block matched with a tray structure and used for positioning and fixing the tray is arranged on a guide rod of the holding cylinder, a mounting plate through groove is formed in the mounting plate, and the jacking module can jack the tray from the mounting plate through groove.
Preferably, a defective product temporary discharging streamline module is arranged on the raw clinker transmission module frame along the Y-axis direction.
Preferably, the tray clamping module comprises a first connecting plate fixed on a rotating piece of the rotating assembly, a first positioning plate fixedly connected to the first connecting plate, and first clamping cylinders arranged between the first connecting plate and the first positioning plate and respectively facing to two sides of the Y axis, wherein guide rods of the first clamping cylinders are hinged with the first clamping plates, the middle parts of the first clamping plates are hinged to the first positioning plate, and clamping grooves facing to the inner sides are formed in the lower parts of the first clamping plates.
Preferably, a positioning block matched with the carrier is vertically embedded in the lower end surface of the first positioning plate.
Preferably, the lower end face of the first positioning plate is respectively provided with an electromagnet assembly and a proximity sensor.
Preferably, the carrier clamping module comprises a second connecting plate fixed on a rotating piece of the rotating assembly, a second positioning plate fixedly connected to the second connecting plate, and a plurality of second clamping cylinders vertically fixed to the second positioning plate, wherein a guide rod of each second clamping cylinder is fixedly connected with a second sliding block assembly, a sliding block of each second sliding block assembly can be clamped on the carrier, and electromagnet assemblies, proximity sensors and threaded cylinders are respectively arranged on the lower end faces of the second positioning plates.
Preferably, the upper end face of the tray is provided with a profiling groove matched with the carrier and the mobile phone frame blank, the vertical end face of the tray is provided with a limit clamping groove, and the upper end face of the tray is provided with a jacking limit through groove.
Preferably, the jacking module comprises a jacking cylinder fixedly connected to the lower end face of the raw clinker transmission module frame, a first sliding block assembly fixedly connected to a guide rod of the jacking cylinder, and a jacking plate horizontally arranged on the upper end face of a sliding block of the first sliding block assembly, wherein the middle part of the jacking plate protrudes upwards and can be arranged in the jacking limiting through groove in a penetrating mode.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1. the utility model realizes the position adjustment of the carrier clamping module and the tray clamping module by arranging the three-axis truss carrying module and the rotating assembly which comprise an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis, realizes the clamping and feeding and discharging of the tray and the carrier by arranging the carrier clamping module and the tray clamping module, and realizes the automatic transmission of the carrier and the tray by arranging the raw material and clinker transmission module, the stop module and the jacking module, thereby realizing the automatic feeding and discharging of the carrier pre-filled with the mobile phone frame blank, reducing the manual carrying action and correspondingly improving the feeding and discharging efficiency and the screw locking yield.
2. By arranging the tray holding module, after the jacking module jacks up the tray, the tray holding module can fix the tray at the position after jacking, so that other trays transmitted on the raw and clinker transmission modules are prevented from being blocked, and a plurality of groups of clamping modules, locking robots and feeding and discharging equipment can be arranged on the basis of the raw and clinker transmission modules, so that the overall feeding and discharging efficiency and the screw locking efficiency are improved; through setting up the unqualified products and put the streamline module temporarily, if have smooth silk and torsion alarm condition in the locking process, can snatch the unqualified products to the conveyer belt of unqualified products and put the streamline module temporarily to can be after accumulating a certain amount, the board is reported to the police and is reminded the operator, clearance unqualified products.
3. The tray clamping module comprises a first connecting plate, a first positioning plate, a first clamping cylinder and a first clamping plate, is simple in structure, stable and efficient in work, and can position the carrier by arranging the positioning block; through setting up electromagnet assembly and proximity sensor at first locating plate lower terminal surface, when realizing the automatic centre gripping of tray centre gripping module, utilize electromagnet assembly to realize the absorption to the carrier.
4. The carrier clamping module comprising the second connecting plate, the second positioning plate, the second clamping cylinder and the sliding block assembly is arranged, so that the carrier can be conveniently positioned and clamped, the electromagnet assembly and the proximity sensor are arranged, the carrier can be automatically and quickly adsorbed, and the carrier can be conveniently moved out of the carrier clamping module through the threaded cylinder; through setting up the tray of imitative groove and spacing draw-in groove, realize the accurate positioning to carrier and cell-phone frame blank to improve the efficiency and the yield of lock screw operation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a conventional mobile phone frame blank mounted on a carrier.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the present utility model when used in combination with a clamping module and a locking robot.
Fig. 3 is a schematic overall structure of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is a schematic side view of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the partial clinker and clinker transporting module, the stopping module, the jacking module and the tray holding module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the stopping module, the jacking module and the tray holding module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 7 is a schematic side view of the stop module, the lifting module and the tray holding module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 8 is a schematic side view of the stop module, the lifting module and the tray holding module of the present utility model during operation.
Fig. 9 is a first view structural schematic diagram of the tray of the present utility model.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of a second view structure of the tray of the present utility model.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the tray loading carrier and the mobile phone frame blank according to the present utility model.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a three-axis truss handling module, a carrier clamping module, and a pallet clamping module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of the rotating assembly, the carrier clamping module and the tray clamping module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of a first view structure of a carrier clamping module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a second view structure of the carrier clamping module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of a structure of the carrier clamping module according to the present utility model when clamping a carrier.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of the tray clamping module of the present utility model.
Fig. 18 is a schematic side view of the tray clamping module according to the present utility model.
Fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of the tray clamping module according to the present utility model when clamping a tray.
In the figure: 1. the mobile phone frame blank, 2, the carrier, 21, the carrier positioning hole, 22, the pressing plate, 23, the pressing plate screw, 24, the downward tensioning hole, 3, the clamping module, 4, the locking robot, 5, the workbench, 6, the tray, 61, the profiling groove, 62, the jacking limit through groove, 63, the limit clamping groove, 64, the positioning groove, 7, the reject temporary discharging line module, 81, the triaxial truss carrying module, 811, the bracket, 812, the Y-axis moving module, 813, the X-axis moving module, 814, the Z-axis moving module, 82, the rotating module, 821, the rotating plate, 83, the tray clamping module, 831, the first connecting plate, 832, the first positioning plate, 833, the first clamping cylinder, 834, the first clamping plate, 8341, clamping groove, 835, photoelectric sensor, 836, positioning block, 84, carrier clamping module, 841, second connecting plate, 842, second positioning plate, 843, second clamping cylinder, 844, second slider assembly, 845, screw cylinder, 85, electromagnet assembly, 86, proximity sensor, 91, clinker transmission module, 92, raw material transmission module, 93, stop module, 931, stop cylinder, 94, jacking module, 941, bottom plate, 942, jacking cylinder, 943, first slider assembly, 944, jacking plate, 95, tray holding module, 951, support frame, 952, mounting plate, 9521, mounting plate through groove, 953, holding cylinder, 954, fixture block.
Description of the embodiments
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present utility model will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present utility model. It is apparent that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present utility model, not all embodiments, and that all other embodiments obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts based on the embodiments in the present utility model are within the protection scope of the present utility model.
In the description of the present utility model, it should be understood that the terms "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like indicate or are based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate description of the present utility model and to simplify the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present utility model.
Examples
Referring to fig. 2, 3, 4 and 5, a screw locking feeding and discharging device comprises a workbench 5, wherein an existing clamping module 3 and a locking robot 4 are fixedly installed on the workbench 5, an upper end face of the workbench 5 on two sides of the clamping module 3 is provided with an upper and lower material grabbing mechanism, one side, far away from the locking robot 4, of the upper and lower material grabbing mechanism is provided with an upper and lower material conveying mechanism, and a tray 6 for loading a carrier 2 and a mobile phone frame blank 1 is conveyed on the upper and lower material conveying mechanism. In addition, in order to temporarily store the unqualified products due to the slipping wire and torsion alarm conditions in the locking process, a unqualified product temporary discharging line module 7 is further arranged on the feeding and discharging conveying mechanism.
The feeding and discharging grabbing mechanism comprises a three-axis truss carrying module 81, a rotating assembly 82, a tray clamping module 83 and a carrier clamping module 84, wherein the three-axis truss carrying module 81 comprises an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis in a moving direction to drive the rotating assembly 82, the tray clamping module 83 and the carrier clamping module 84 to move, the rotating assembly 82 is used for driving the tray clamping module 83 and the carrier clamping module 84 to rotate 180 degrees by taking the Z axis as a rotating shaft, the tray clamping module 83 is used for grabbing and placing a tray 6, a carrier 2 on the tray 6 and a mobile phone frame blank 1, and the carrier clamping module 84 is used for grabbing and placing the carrier 2 and the mobile phone frame blank 1 on the carrier 2.
The feeding and discharging transmission mechanism is arranged on one side of the workbench 5 and comprises a clinker transmission module 91, a raw material transmission module 92, a stop module 93, a jacking module 94 and a tray holding module 95, wherein the raw material and clinker transmission module is arranged along the X-axis direction and used for respectively transmitting the tray 6 loaded with raw materials and clinker, the clinker transmission module 91 is close to the workbench 5, the raw material transmission module 92 is arranged on the outer side of the clinker transmission module 91, and the concrete structure of the raw material and clinker transmission module can be an existing conveyor belt mechanism or a double-speed chain transmission mechanism. The stopping module 93, the jacking module 94 and the tray holding module 95 are fixedly connected to the raw clinker conveying module along the conveying direction of the tray 6 so as to respectively stop the tray 6, jack the tray 6 and fix the lifted tray 6.
In this embodiment, the X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis movement directions of the three-axis truss handling module 81 are respectively horizontal reciprocating movement along the arrangement direction of the raw clinker transporting module, horizontal reciprocating movement perpendicular to the arrangement direction of the raw clinker transporting module and up-and-down reciprocating movement along the vertical direction, and reference is made to the marks about the X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis in fig. 2 and 3. Thus, by the above structure, the tray 6 carrying raw materials can be transferred from the raw material transferring module 92 to the clinker transferring module 91, the raw materials can be moved from the clinker transferring module 91 to the clamping module 3, the locking robot 4 can perform screw locking operation, and the clinker can be taken out from the clamping module 3 and transferred to the tray 6 on the clinker transferring module 91, thereby the automatic feeding and discharging of the screw locking process can be realized by cyclic reciprocation. The unqualified product temporary discharging line module 7 is arranged on the raw and clinker transmission module frame along the Z-axis direction so as to temporarily store unqualified products with sliding wires and torsion alarming conditions in the locking process, and the structure of the unqualified product temporary discharging line module 7 can also be a transmission belt mechanism or a double-speed chain transmission mechanism.
Referring to fig. 9, 10 and 11, in this embodiment, the tray 6 is a tray structure with an internal cavity and an upward opening, a profiling groove 61 matching with the carrier 2 and the mobile phone frame blank 1 is provided on the upper end surface of the bottom of the cavity of the tray 6, and the edge of the mobile phone frame blank 1 and the carrier 2 can be clamped in the profiling groove 61 to realize the positioning and fixing functions of the carrier 2 and the mobile phone frame blank 1. The bottom of the cavity of the tray 6 is provided with a jacking limiting through groove 62, and the jacking module 94 plays a role in positioning the tray 6 when jacking the tray 6. A limiting clamping groove 63 with an opening facing the outer side of the tray 6 is formed in the vertical end face of the periphery of the tray 6, and the tray clamping module 83 can be clamped in the limiting clamping groove 63 so as to conveniently grab the tray 6. The vertical end surfaces at the bottom of the tray 6 are provided with positioning grooves 64, the positioning grooves 64 are formed inwards from the bottoms of the four vertical end surfaces of the tray 6, namely, the bottom of the tray 6 is of a step structure, and the tray holding module 95 can be clamped in the positioning grooves 64 to position and fix the tray 6.
Referring to fig. 12 and 13, the three-axis truss handling module 81 includes brackets 811 vertically straddling and installing on both sides of the clamping module 3 by bolts, the two brackets 811 are vertically opposite and installed along the Y-axis direction, a Y-axis moving assembly 812 is fixedly installed on the upper end surfaces of the two brackets 811 along the Y-axis direction by bolts, an X-axis moving assembly 813 is installed on the moving member of the two Y-axis moving assembly 812 by bolts straddling and installing along the X-axis, and a Z-axis moving assembly 814 is installed on the moving member of the X-axis moving assembly 813 along the Z-axis bolt. The structure of the X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis moving assembly can be selected from the existing structure, such as a rack-and-pinion transmission mechanism, a screw transmission mechanism, a belt transmission mechanism, etc., so long as the three-axis truss carrying module 81 can be used to drive the rotating assembly 82, the tray clamping module 83 and the carrier clamping module 84 to move in the X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis directions, in this embodiment, the three-axis truss carrying module 81 is selected from the screw transmission mechanism, such as TL135-L10-S400 and S350-BD type cantilever type sliding table module mechanical arm, so that the movement is stable, reliable and the precision is high.
The moving member of the Z-axis moving assembly 814 is horizontally connected to the rotating assembly 82 by bolts, and the rotating assembly 82 is used to rotate the tray clamping module 83 and the carrier clamping module 84 by 180 degrees, so that in this embodiment, a rotating cylinder is selected as the rotating assembly 82, and in particular, a rotating cylinder of the HRQ50A of aldehyder is selected as the rotating assembly for simplicity of structure and rotation stability. The rotary air cylinder is horizontally fixed on the moving part of the Z-axis moving assembly 814 through bolts, the rotating part of the rotary air cylinder is downwards arranged, the rotating part of the rotary air cylinder is fixedly connected with a rotating plate 821 which is horizontally arranged through bolts, and the lower end faces of the two ends of the rotating plate 821 are respectively and fixedly connected with a tray clamping module 83 and a carrier clamping module 84 through bolts. In order to more accurately clamp the tray 6 and the carrier 2 on the feeding and discharging transmission mechanism, a waist-shaped connecting hole is formed in the rotating plate 821 along the length direction of the rotating plate 821, and a fastening bolt is arranged in the waist-shaped connecting hole in a penetrating manner to fix the tray clamping module 83 and the carrier clamping module 84 on the rotating plate 821.
Referring to fig. 13, 14, 15, 16, the carrier clamping module 84 includes a second connecting plate 841, a second positioning plate 842, a second clamping cylinder 843, a second slider assembly 844, a threaded cylinder 845, an electromagnet assembly 85, and a proximity sensor 86.
The second connecting plate 841 is fixed on the lower end face of the rotating plate 821 by bolts, the second positioning plate 842 is fixed below the second connecting plate 841 in parallel through connecting columns, second sliding block assemblies 844 are arranged on the four end faces of the second positioning plate 842, each second sliding block assembly 844 comprises a second sliding frame vertically fixed on the four end faces of the second positioning plate 842 through bolts, a second sliding block vertically sliding in the second sliding frame in a penetrating mode, a second clamping cylinder 843 is vertically fixed on the outer end face of the second sliding frame by bolts, and the top of a guide rod of the second clamping cylinder is connected with the upper portion of the second sliding block through a connecting block. Thus, when the guide rod of the second clamping cylinder 843 expands and contracts, the second slider is driven to move in the vertical direction. The shape of the lower extreme of second slider and carrier 2 and cell-phone frame blank 1 shape phase-match to the second slider card is established on carrier 2 and cell-phone frame blank 1, thereby realizes the location and the preliminary fixed to carrier 2 and cell-phone frame blank 1.
The lower end surface of the second positioning plate 842 is provided with positioning plate bulges matched with the shapes of the carrier 2 and the mobile phone frame blank 1, and four corners of the lower end surface of the positioning plate bulges, which correspond to the carrier 2, are embedded with electromagnet assemblies 85 for adsorbing and fixing the carrier 2 carrying the mobile phone frame blank 1; a threaded cylinder 845 is embedded at the inclined direction corresponding to the carrier 2 on the lower end surface of the bulge of the positioning plate so as to facilitate ejection of the carrier 2; a proximity sensor 86 is embedded in the middle of the lower end surface of the positioning plate protrusion so as to identify the distance between the positioning plate protrusion and the carrier 2, so that the control system can control the electromagnet assembly 85 to adsorb the carrier 2, and the automation level is improved.
Referring to fig. 13, 17, 18, and 19, the tray clamping module 83 includes a first connection plate 831, a first positioning plate 832, a first clamping cylinder 833, a first clamping plate 834, a photoelectric sensor 835, a positioning block 836, an electromagnet assembly 85, and a proximity sensor 86.
The first connecting plate 831 is fixed on the lower end surface of the rotating plate 821 by bolts, the first positioning plate 832 is fixed below the first connecting plate 831 in parallel through connecting columns, the first clamping cylinder 833 is horizontally fixed on the upper end surface of the first positioning plate 832 below the first connecting plate 831 by bolts, and the first clamping cylinder 833 is provided with two clamping cylinders and faces the two sides of the Y axis respectively. The guide rod of the first clamping cylinder 833 is hinged with a first clamping plate 834 through a hinge bracket, the middle part of one side of the first clamping plate 834 opposite to the first positioning plate 832 is hinged on the first positioning plate 832 through a pin shaft, and a clamping groove 8341 is formed in the lower part of the first clamping plate 834 facing the first positioning plate 832. Therefore, through the above structure, when the guide rod of the first clamping cylinder 833 extends, the first clamping plate 834 is driven to rotate towards the direction close to the first positioning plate 832, so that the clamping groove 8341 is clamped on the tray 6, the first clamping plate 834 is clamped in the limit clamping groove 63 on the tray 6, and when the guide rod of the first clamping cylinder 833 retracts, the first clamping plate 834 is driven to rotate towards the direction far away from the first positioning plate 832, so that the grabbing and placing of the tray 6 by the tray clamping module 83 are realized.
In order to improve stability and accuracy when the tray clamping module 83 grabs the tray 6, a positioning block 836 matching the shape of the carrier 2 is vertically embedded in the lower end surface of the first positioning plate 832. Before the first clamping plate 834 does not clamp the tray 6, the positioning block 836 may be clamped on the carrier 2, so as to position and primarily fix the carrier 2.
In order to improve the automation level of the tray clamping module 83, similar to the positioning plate protrusion of the carrier clamping module 84, the same positioning plate protrusion is also disposed on the lower end surface of the first positioning plate, and the proximity sensor 86 and the electromagnet assembly 85 are respectively embedded on the lower end surface of the positioning plate protrusion. In addition, in order to detect whether the tray 6 falls off or not when the tray clamping module 83 conveys the tray 6 carrying the mobile phone frame blank 1 and the carrier 2, a photoelectric sensor is fixedly connected to the vertical end surface of one side of the first positioning plate 832 by bolts, and a GTB6-N1211 photoelectric sensor may be selected.
Referring to fig. 5, 6, 7 and 8, two groups of stop modules 93, a jacking module 94 and a tray holding module 95 are fixedly connected on the frame of the raw and clinker conveying module in a flush manner along the Y-axis direction through bolts. The jacking module 94 comprises a bottom plate 941, a jacking cylinder 942, a first sliding block assembly 943 and a jacking plate 944, wherein the bottom plate 941 is fixed on the lower end surface of a frame of the raw and clinker conveying module by bolts, a through groove is formed in the bottom plate 941, the jacking cylinder 942 which is vertically and upwards arranged is fixed on the lower end surface of the bottom plate 941 by bolts, and the jacking cylinder 942 can be selected from Adideas MD25X5S-S60 series. The guide rod of the lifting cylinder 942 is slidably disposed in the through slot and extends above the bottom plate 941. The first slider assembly 943 is vertically fixed on the upper end surface of the bottom plate 941 through bolts, the first slider assembly 943 comprises a first sliding frame vertically fixed on the upper end surface of the bottom plate 941 through bolts and a first slider vertically sliding in the first sliding frame in a penetrating mode, the bottom of the first slider is connected with the top of a guide rod of the jacking cylinder 942, and the top of the first slider is connected with the lower end surface of the horizontally arranged jacking plate 944. As described above, in order to improve the precision and stability of the movement of the tray 6 in the Z-axis direction when the jacking module 94 jacks up the tray 6, the middle portion of the jacking plate 944 is protruded upward, and the protrusion may be inserted into the jacking limiting through hole 62 of the tray 6, and the size of the protrusion of the jacking plate 944 is matched with the jacking limiting through hole 62, that is, when the guide rod of the jacking cylinder 942 extends, the first slider and the jacking plate 944 are driven to move upward, so that the protrusion of the jacking plate 944 is just inserted into the jacking limiting through hole 62, and the other portion of the jacking plate 944 abuts against the lower end surface of the tray 6, so as to drive the tray 6 to be separated from the conveying mechanism of the raw clinker conveying module and move upward to the working position of the tray holding module 95.
In order to further improve the automatic level of feeding and discharging of the tray 6 and the carrier 2, the stop module 93 is arranged on the bottom plate 941, the stop module 93 comprises a stop cylinder 931 and a stop sensor, when the stop sensor senses that the tray 6 reaches a designated position, a signal is uploaded to the controller, and the controller controls the stop cylinder to stop. The structure and principle of the stop module 93 and the stop sensor are both in the prior art, the stop cylinder 931 may be selected from the Adideas MD25X5S-S20 series, which is not described herein, in this embodiment, the stop cylinder 931 is provided with two bottom plates 941 along the conveying direction of the tray 6 and fixedly connected to two sides of the jacking cylinder 942 by bolts, the guide rod of the stop cylinder 931 is slidably inserted in the bottom plate 941 and extends to above the bottom plate 941, and the guide rod of the stop cylinder 931 may be connected with a stop plate.
In order to further improve the feeding and discharging efficiency and the screw locking efficiency, a plurality of feeding and discharging and screw locking stations can be arranged on two sides of the raw clinker transmission module, and each feeding and discharging and screw locking station comprises a corresponding workbench 5, a clamping module 3, a locking robot 4, a triaxial truss carrying module 7, a rotating assembly 82, a tray clamping module 83, a carrier clamping module 84, a stopping module 93 and a jacking module 94. Thus, a plurality of stations can be operated simultaneously during the transport of the pallet 6 by the green and clinker transport modules. In this process, because a raw and clinker conveying module is shared, in order to avoid that a certain station is in when carrying out feeding and discharging operations to the tray 6 and the carrier 2, the rear incoming material is blocked, each feeding and discharging and screw locking station further comprises a tray holding module 95, and after the tray 6 is lifted by the lifting module 94 through the tray holding module 95, the tray holding module 95 is positioned and fixed, and thereafter the lifting module 94 is restored to the initial position, so that the feeding and discharging operations of the tray 6 conveyed at the rear are not influenced.
The tray holding module 95 includes a support frame 951, a mounting plate 952, a holding cylinder 953, and a clamping block 954, the support frame 951 is vertically fixed on the upper end surface of the bottom plate 941 by a bolt, the mounting plate 952 is horizontally and fixedly connected to the upper end surface of the support frame 951 by a bolt, a mounting plate through groove 9521 is formed on the mounting plate 952, the size of the mounting plate through groove 9521 is such that the tray 6 can pass through, the upper end surfaces of the mounting plate 952 on two sides of the mounting plate through groove 9521 are relatively and fixedly connected with the holding cylinder 953 which is horizontally arranged along the X-axis direction, the holding cylinder 953 can be selected from the Adke TCL16X20S series, the clamping block 954 is fixedly connected to a guide rod of the holding cylinder 953 by a bolt, the structure of the clamping block 954 is matched with the structure of the tray 6 to position and fix the tray, in this embodiment, the two clamping blocks 954 are in a U-shaped structure or an L-shaped structure with opposite openings, and when the holding cylinder 953 stretches out, the guide rod 954 can be clamped in the positioning groove 64 on the tray 6 to realize positioning and fixing of the tray 6.
In order to realize automatic feeding and discharging of the utility model, a clinker conveying module 91, a raw material conveying module 92, a triaxial truss carrying module 7, a rotating assembly 82, a tray clamping module 83, a carrier clamping module 84, a stopping module 93, a jacking module 94, a tray holding module 95, a clamping module 3 matched with the utility model and a locking robot 4 can be respectively connected with a PLC controller, the concrete control mode is the prior art, the concrete connection mode has various modes, and the following working process can be satisfied.
The working process of the embodiment of the utility model is as follows:
1. the carrier 2 is preloaded on the mobile phone frame blank 1 by a front-end operator, then the carrier 2 loaded on the mobile phone frame blank 1 is preloaded on the tray 6, and the tray 6 is placed on a transmission mechanism on the raw material transmission module 92;
2. the operation of each module on the raw material conveying module 92
When the tray 6 flows through the loading and unloading station, the stopping module 93 senses that the material passes through, the controller controls the guide rods of the two-gear stopping cylinders 931 to extend to stop the tray 6, the guide rods of the jacking cylinder 942 extend and drive the jacking plate 944 to move upwards and be embedded in the jacking limit through groove 62 of the tray 6 to position and fix the tray 6, the jacking plate 944 drives the tray 6 to continuously lift upwards to the working position of the tray holding module 95, the guide rods of the two holding cylinders 953 extend to enable the clamping blocks 954 to be clamped in the positioning grooves 64 on the tray 6, so that the positioning and fixing of the tray 6 are realized, after that, the guide rods of the two-gear stopping cylinders 931 and the jacking cylinder 942 retract to the original position, and the subsequent tray 6 on the raw material conveying module 92 can continuously flow to the position of the rear loading and unloading station;
3. the pallet 6 is moved from the raw material transfer module 92 to the clinker transfer module 91
After the three-axis truss carrying module 81 moves to the corresponding position so that the tray clamping module 83 grabs the tray 6 clamped by the tray holding module 95, the guide rod of the holding cylinder 953 is retracted to the original position, the tray clamping module 83 is lifted by the three-axis truss carrying module 81 and then rotates 180 degrees to the position above the clinker conveying module 91 under the drive of the rotating assembly 82, at the moment, the jacking cylinder 942 on the clinker conveying module 91 drives the jacking plate 944 to be lifted in place, the tray clamping module 83 moves downwards and places the tray 6 on the jacking plate 944, the guide rod of the holding cylinder 953 on the clinker conveying module 91 stretches out to drive the clamping block 954 to fix the tray 6, and the jacking cylinder 942 is restored to the original position so as to avoid blocking the locked tray 6 conveyed at other feeding and discharging stations;
4. the carrier 2 moves to the locking module 3
The tray clamping module 83 is lifted by the three-axis truss carrying module 81 and then rotates 180 degrees above the raw material conveying module 92 under the drive of the rotating assembly 82, at this time, the carrier clamping module 84 moves above the clinker conveying module 91, the carrier clamping module 84 moves downwards and then grabs the carrier 2, the carrier 2 is moved onto the locking module 3 under the drive of the three-axis truss carrying module 81, the mobile phone frame blank 1 and the carrier 2 are locked by the locking module 3, and the locking robot performs screw locking operation; the locking module 3 can be provided with two groups to improve the overall feeding and discharging and screw locking efficiency;
5. the carrier 2 after screw locking moves to the clinker transmission module 91
After the carrier clamping module 84 places the carrier 2 on the locking module 3, the carrier 2 after the locking screws on the station of the other group of locking modules 3 can be grabbed under the drive of the three-axis truss carrying module 81, the carrier 2 is moved to the tray 6 fixed by the tray holding module 95 on the clinker conveying module 91, meanwhile, the blocking cylinder 931 on the clinker conveying module 91 can block possible locking finished products in front in advance, then the guide rod of the lifting cylinder 942 on the clinker conveying module 91 lifts to drive the lifting plate 944 to support the tray 6, and after the guide rod of the holding cylinder 953 on the clinker conveying module 91 is restored to the original position and the guide rod of the lifting cylinder 942 is restored to the original position, so that the tray 6 carrying the carrier 2 after locking is stably placed on the conveying mechanism of the clinker conveying module 91 and directly flows out backwards;
at this time, the tray holding module 95 is above the raw material transporting module 92, and the loading and unloading process is repeated in the steps 2 to 5.
If the slipping wire and torsion alarm conditions exist in the locking process, the slipping wire and torsion alarm conditions are caught by the tray clamping module 95 and put on the unqualified product temporary discharging streamline module 7, then the streamline is automatically conveyed forward for a certain distance, a next vacancy is reserved until an inductor at the end of the streamline is shielded, and a machine station alarms to remind an operator to clean the unqualified product.
Although embodiments of the present utility model have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made therein without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. Feeding and discharging equipment for locking screws comprises a workbench and is characterized in that: the workbench is provided with a triaxial truss carrying module comprising an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis in the movement direction, a rotating assembly is horizontally arranged on the Z axis of the triaxial truss carrying module, and a carrier clamping module and a tray clamping module are horizontally arranged on a rotating member of the rotating assembly;
a clinker transmission module close to the workbench and a raw material transmission module far away from the workbench are respectively arranged on one side of the workbench along the X-axis direction, the raw material and clinker transmission modules are used for transmitting a tray loaded with a carrier, and a stop module used for stopping the tray and a jacking module used for jacking the tray are respectively arranged on the raw material and clinker transmission modules;
the tray clamping module is used for clamping the tray on the raw material conveying module and transferring the tray to the clinker conveying module, and the carrier clamping module is used for clamping carriers on the clinker conveying module and the clamping module so as to realize loading and unloading of the carriers.
2. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein: the tray holding module is arranged above the jacking module, and after the jacking module jacks up the tray, the tray holding module fixes the tray at the position after jacking.
3. The screw locking and feeding device according to claim 2, wherein: the tray holding module comprises a supporting frame, a mounting plate and a holding cylinder, wherein the supporting frame is respectively and vertically fixed on a raw clinker conveying module frame, the mounting plate is horizontally and fixedly connected to the supporting frame, the holding cylinder is arranged on the upper end face of the mounting plate in a relative mode, a clamping block matched with a tray structure and used for positioning and fixing the tray is arranged on a guide rod of the holding cylinder, a mounting plate through groove is formed in the mounting plate, and the jacking module can jack the tray from the mounting plate through groove.
4. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein: and a temporary discharging line module for unqualified products is arranged on the raw clinker transmission module frame along the Y-axis direction.
5. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein: the tray clamping module comprises a first connecting plate fixed on a rotating piece of the rotating assembly, a first positioning plate fixedly connected to the first connecting plate, and first clamping cylinders arranged between the first connecting plate and the first positioning plate and respectively facing to two sides of the Y axis, wherein guide rods of the first clamping cylinders are hinged to the first clamping plate, the middle of the first clamping plate is hinged to the first positioning plate, and clamping grooves facing to the inner side are formed in the lower portion of the first clamping plate.
6. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 5, wherein: and a positioning block matched with the carrier is vertically embedded in the lower end surface of the first positioning plate.
7. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 5, wherein: and the lower end surface of the first positioning plate is respectively provided with an electromagnet assembly and a proximity sensor.
8. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein: the carrier clamping module comprises a second connecting plate fixed on a rotating piece of the rotating assembly, a second positioning plate fixedly connected to the second connecting plate, and a plurality of second clamping cylinders vertically fixed on the second positioning plate, wherein a guide rod of each second clamping cylinder is fixedly connected with a second sliding block assembly, a sliding block of each second sliding block assembly can be clamped on the carrier, and electromagnet assemblies, proximity sensors and threaded cylinders are respectively arranged on the lower end faces of the second positioning plate.
9. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end face of the tray is provided with a profiling groove matched with the carrier and the mobile phone frame blank, the vertical end face of the tray is provided with a limit clamping groove, and the upper end face of the tray is provided with a jacking limit through groove.
10. The screw locking and feeding and discharging device according to claim 9, wherein: the jacking module comprises a jacking air cylinder fixedly connected to the lower end face of the raw clinker conveying module frame, a first sliding block assembly fixedly connected to a jacking air cylinder guide rod, and a jacking plate horizontally arranged on the upper end face of a sliding block of the first sliding block assembly, wherein the middle of the jacking plate protrudes upwards and can be penetrated in the jacking limiting through groove.
CN202320355289.3U 2023-03-01 2023-03-01 Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment Active CN219684491U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320355289.3U CN219684491U (en) 2023-03-01 2023-03-01 Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320355289.3U CN219684491U (en) 2023-03-01 2023-03-01 Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219684491U true CN219684491U (en) 2023-09-15

Family

ID=87963008

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320355289.3U Active CN219684491U (en) 2023-03-01 2023-03-01 Screw locking feeding and discharging equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219684491U (en)

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