CN219476633U - Automatic diode production system - Google Patents

Automatic diode production system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219476633U
CN219476633U CN202320618166.4U CN202320618166U CN219476633U CN 219476633 U CN219476633 U CN 219476633U CN 202320618166 U CN202320618166 U CN 202320618166U CN 219476633 U CN219476633 U CN 219476633U
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diode
bending
die holder
plate
cutting
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CN202320618166.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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支友光
陈小峰
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Ningbo Yutai Automation Technology Co ltd
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Ningbo Yutai Automation Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of diode processing and forming technology, in particular to an automatic diode production system, which comprises a primary bending device, a flattening device and a shaping device which are sequentially arranged, wherein the shaping device comprises an upper die holder, a lower die holder and a third changing table, the lower die holder is provided with a cutting area and a secondary bending area, and the secondary bending area is arranged at intervals with the cutting area; the upper die holder comprises an upper die plate and a driving piece, and the driving piece is connected above the upper die plate; the shaping device further comprises a shifting mechanism, the shifting mechanism comprises a mounting plate which can be slidably arranged on one side of the lower die holder and at least three shaping clamping pieces which are arranged on the mounting plate, and the distance between the shaping clamping pieces is the same as that between the third shifting table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area. The utility model has the advantages of saving equipment cost and improving production efficiency.

Description

Automatic diode production system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of diode processing and forming technology, in particular to an automatic diode production system.
Background
In the field of photovoltaic power generation, a junction box is an indispensable component. The junction box is internally provided with a diode which is electrically connected with an external circuit so as to achieve the effect of bypass protection.
Since the diode generates resistive heat when conducting current. Therefore, some current diodes generally flatten the pins to increase the heat dissipation area, and increase the connection area of the pins, so as to facilitate the connection between the diode and an external circuit.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a finished diode is formed by machining an axial diode 200, the axial diode 200 including a diode body 210 and pins 220, the pins 220 being connected to opposite sides of the diode body 210. In the finished product of the diode 200, the pins 220 are bent into an L shape, the tail ends of the pins 220 are provided with flat parts 230, parts of the flat parts 230 are cut off, and parts of the flat parts are turned down to form bent parts 240 so as to be clamped with the junction box.
In the molding production process of the diode, the processing steps of bending, flattening, cutting, secondary bending and the like are needed to be sequentially carried out on the straight pin 220, the assembly procedures are mutually independent, the equipment occupation is large, the operation is complicated, and the degree of automation is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to overcome the defects of large equipment occupation and low automation degree in diode production in the prior art, and provides an automatic production system for diodes.
The utility model solves the technical problems by the following technical scheme:
the automatic diode production system comprises a primary bending device, a flattening device and a shaping device which are sequentially arranged, wherein the primary bending device is used for bending pins of a diode; the flattening device is arranged at the tail end of the primary bending device and is used for flattening pins of the diode; the shaping device is used for cutting and secondarily bending the flattened pins of the diode;
the shaping device comprises an upper die holder, a lower die holder and a third changing table, wherein the lower die holder is provided with a cutting area and a secondary bending area, and the secondary bending area is arranged at intervals with the cutting area; the upper die holder comprises an upper die plate and a driving piece, and the driving piece is connected above the upper die plate and is used for driving the upper die plate to vertically move relative to the lower die holder; a cutting head and a secondary bending head are arranged on one side, facing the lower die holder, of the upper die plate, the cutting head corresponds to the cutting area, and the secondary bending head corresponds to the secondary bending area; the third reloading platform is equal to the lower die holder in height, and the third reloading platform, the cutting area and the secondary bending area are equidistantly arranged on the same straight line;
the shaping device further comprises a shifting mechanism, the shifting mechanism comprises a mounting plate which can be slidably arranged on one side of the lower die holder and at least three shaping clamping pieces which are arranged on the mounting plate, the at least three shaping clamping pieces are parallel to the third mounting table, the cutting area and the connecting line of the secondary bending area, and the distance between the shaping clamping pieces is the same as that between the third mounting table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area.
According to the automatic diode production system, a pin is bent through a first end bending mechanism, then the pin is flattened through a flattening device, then the diode is placed on a third changing table, a moving and changing mechanism is used for taking the diode to be placed on a lower die holder, a driving piece is used for driving the upper die holder and the lower die holder to be matched with a cutting area to cut the diode into a required shape, the upper die holder and the lower die holder are opened, the moving and changing mechanism is used for moving the cut diode to a secondary bending area, the upper die holder and the lower die holder are matched with each other, and the secondary bending elbow and the bending area are matched with each other to further bend the cut diode into the required shape; in the process, as the cutting head and the secondary bending head are arranged on the upper template, the cutting and secondary bending of the pins can be realized through primary die assembly, the integration of the cutting function and the secondary bending function is realized, the occupied area of equipment is saved, and meanwhile, the operation steps are reduced. At least three plastic clamping pieces of the moving mechanism correspond to the third mounting changing table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area respectively, the three plastic clamping pieces are used for clamping diodes at three positions respectively, the secondary bent diodes can be removed and discharged only by moving the primary moving mechanism, the cut diodes are transferred to the secondary bending area, the diodes on the third mounting changing table are transferred to the cutting area, the moving of the three diodes is realized at one time, the equipment cost and the equipment occupied space are saved, the production beats of the upper die holder and the lower die holder die assembly are met, and the production efficiency is improved.
Preferably, a first placing groove and a cutting hole are formed in one side, facing the upper die holder, of the lower die holder, the first placing groove is enclosed with the cutting Kong Gongtong to form the cutting area, the first placing groove is communicated with the cutting hole, the first placing groove is matched with the diode, and when the diode is placed in the first placing groove, the cutting hole is opposite to a pin of the diode.
In this scheme, first standing groove and diode looks adaptation for place and spacing diode, cut the hole just right the pin of diode, thereby cut the hole and cut the head cooperation and can cut into required shape with the pin of diode after flattening.
Preferably, a second placing groove and a secondary bending hole are formed in one side, facing the upper die holder, of the lower die holder, the second placing groove is enclosed with the secondary bending hole to form a secondary bending area, the second placing groove is communicated with the secondary bending hole, the second placing groove is matched with the diode, and when the diode is placed in the second placing groove, the secondary bending hole faces to a pin of the diode.
In this scheme, the second standing groove that the die holder set up and diode looks adaptation, and the diode that cuts can be placed and spacing in the second standing groove, and the pin of diode is aimed at to the hole of secondary bending and the cooperation of secondary bending head can be with the pin after the cutting of diode bending into required shape.
Preferably, a yielding groove is arranged on one side of the lower die holder, facing the shifting mechanism, and extends vertically to yield the plastic clamping piece; the relief groove is communicated with the first placing groove and/or the relief groove is communicated with the second placing groove.
In this scheme, the groove of stepping down is vertically offered, and step down groove and first standing groove intercommunication and/or step down groove and second standing groove intercommunication to step down the groove and get the piece for plastic clamp and step down, avoid plastic clamp to get the piece and take place to interfere with the die holder, be convenient for plastic clamp get the piece clamp get and place the diode in the die holder.
Preferably, the moving and replacing mechanism further comprises a moving and replacing linear module, a vertical cylinder and a mounting plate, wherein the length direction of the moving and replacing linear module is parallel to the connecting line of the third replacing table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area, and the mounting plate is slidably arranged along the length direction of the linear module;
the number of the vertical cylinders corresponds to the number of the shaping clamping pieces, the vertical cylinders are fixedly arranged on the mounting plate, and the shaping clamping pieces are arranged on the vertical cylinders and can vertically move under the driving of the vertical cylinders.
In the scheme, the linear moving and replacing module drives the vertical cylinder and the shaping clamping piece to horizontally slide, so that the shaping clamping piece corresponds to the third replacing table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area; the vertical cylinder drives the shaping clamping piece to move vertically so as to grab or place the diode.
Preferably, the primary bending device comprises a first end bending mechanism, a second end bending mechanism and a bending and material moving mechanism, wherein the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism are arranged at intervals, the first end bending mechanism is used for bending one pin of the diode, and the second end bending mechanism is used for bending the other pin of the diode; the bending and material moving mechanism is arranged above the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism and is used for moving the diode to the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism.
In the scheme, the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism are respectively used for bending two pins of the diode, the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism are arranged at intervals, and the diode bends the two pins in sequence, so that the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism at the two pins are not easy to interfere when the diode with smaller size is bent; the bending and material moving mechanism is used for taking and placing the diode to the first end bending mechanism and/or the second end bending mechanism, and is arranged above the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism, so that interference with the first end bending mechanism and/or the second end bending mechanism is avoided.
Preferably, the first end bending mechanism comprises a first fixing plate, a first linear cylinder, a first ejector rod and a first limiting plate, wherein the first fixing plate is used for fixing the diode, the first limiting plate is arranged on the first fixing plate, and the first limiting plate is used for abutting against the peripheral side of one pin of the diode; the cylinder body of the first straight-line cylinder is fixed on the first fixing plate, the first ejector rod is connected with the piston of the first straight-line cylinder, the first limiting plate is parallel to the moving direction of the first ejector rod, and a gap is formed between the first limiting plate and the first ejector rod.
In this scheme, the diode is supplied to first fixed plate to place, and first limiting plate sets up in first fixed plate, and when bending the diode, the week side of a pin of diode offsets with first limiting plate, and first ejector pin is on a parallel with first limiting plate removal and butt diode's pin to first ejector pin is bent a pin with first limiting plate cooperation under the drive of first straight line cylinder.
Preferably, the second end bending mechanism comprises a second fixing plate, a second linear cylinder, a second ejector rod and a second limiting plate, wherein the second fixing plate is used for fixing the diode, the second limiting plate is arranged on the second fixing plate, and the second limiting plate is used for abutting against the peripheral side of the other pin of the diode; the cylinder body of the second straight-line cylinder is fixed on the second fixing plate, the second ejector rod is connected with the piston of the second straight-line cylinder, the second limiting plate is parallel to the moving direction of the second ejector rod, and a gap is formed between the second limiting plate and the second ejector rod.
In this scheme, after a pin of diode is bent, bend and move material mechanism and get the diode and put to the second fixed plate, the second limiting plate sets up in first fixed plate, when bending the diode, the week side of another pin of diode offsets with the second limiting plate, and the second ejector pin is parallel to the pin of second limiting plate removal and butt diode to the second ejector pin is bent a pin of diode with the cooperation of second limiting plate under the drive of second sharp cylinder.
Preferably, the first end bending mechanism further comprises a first bending table and a first tight cylinder, the first bending table is fixed on the first fixing plate, a first limit groove for placing the diode is formed in the first bending table, the first tight cylinder is arranged on the first fixing plate, a piston of the first tight cylinder can slide along the width direction of the first limit groove, and the first tight cylinder is used for tightly propping the diode in the limit groove.
In this scheme, first bending platform is fixed on first fixed plate, and the diode is placed in first spacing groove to support tightly through first tight cylinder, avoid the diode to take place the skew at the in-process of bending.
Preferably, the bending and material moving mechanism comprises a walking driving assembly and at least two bending and material moving claws, the bending and material moving claws are used for taking and placing diodes, the bending and material moving claws are arranged on the walking driving assembly and can horizontally and/or vertically move under the driving of the walking driving assembly, at least one bending and material moving claw corresponds to the first end bending mechanism, and at least one bending and material moving claw corresponds to the second end bending mechanism.
In the scheme, the bending and material moving mechanism drives the bending and material moving claw to move through the traveling driving assembly, and the bending and material moving claw grabs the diode and is placed on the first end bending mechanism and/or the second end bending mechanism. The material moving claw that bends is provided with two at least, and the material moving claw that corresponds with first end mechanism of bending is used for getting of the diode on the first end mechanism of bending put, and the material moving claw that corresponds with second end mechanism of bending is used for getting of the diode on the second end mechanism of bending put, through a walking drive assembly two material moving claws that bend of simultaneous driving remove, realize the unloading of diode on the second end mechanism of bending and with the diode on the first end mechanism of bending move to the second end mechanism of bending on bend another pin, promoted the efficiency of diode bending pin from this, saved the cost of equipment, saved the occupation space of equipment.
The utility model has the positive progress effects that:
the cutting head is matched with the cutting area to cut the diode into a required shape, the secondary bending elbow is matched with the bending area, and the cut pin is further bent into a required shape; in the process, as the cutting head and the secondary bending head are arranged on the upper template, the cutting and secondary bending of the pins can be realized through primary die assembly, the integration of the cutting function and the secondary bending function is realized, the occupied area of equipment is saved, and meanwhile, the operation steps are reduced. At least three plastic clamping pieces of the moving and replacing mechanism respectively correspond to the third replacing table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area, the moving and replacing of three diodes are realized at one time, the equipment cost and the equipment occupied space are saved, meanwhile, the production beat of die assembly of the upper die holder and the lower die holder is met, and the production efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an axial diode structure in the prior art.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a finished diode in the prior art.
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of an automatic diode production system according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view at a in fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a first end bending mechanism and a second end bending mechanism according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a first end bending mechanism and a second end bending mechanism according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a flattening device according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a shaping device according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of an upper die holder and a lower die holder according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 10 is a schematic perspective view of a shifting mechanism according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Reference numerals illustrate:
automatic diode production system 100
Diode 200
Diode body 210
Pin 220
Flat portion 230
Bending part 240
Diode feeding device 300
Diode discharge bin 310
Conveyor belt 320
Primary bending device 400
First end bending mechanism 410
First fixing plate 411
First linear cylinder 412
First ejector pin 413
First limiting plate 414
First bending table 415
First abutting cylinder 416
First limit groove 417
First abutment 418
Second end bending mechanism 420
Second fixing plate 421
Second straight cylinder 422
Second ejector rod 423
Second limiting plate 424
Second bending station 425
Second tightening cylinder 426
Second limiting groove 427
Second abutting block 428
Bending and material moving mechanism 430
Walking driving assembly 431
Bending material moving claw 432
Diode transfer support 440
Flattening device 500
Load-bearing plate 510
Lower base 520
Flat head 530
Flattening and material moving mechanism 540
Flattening straight line module 541
Slip plate 542
Flattening clamping jaw 543
Actuating cylinder 544
First reloading table 550
Second changing station 560
Shaping device 600
Upper die holder 610
Upper die plate 611
Drive member 612
Cutting head 613
Secondary bending head 613
Lower die holder 620
First placing groove 621
Cutting hole 622
Second placing groove 623
Secondary bending hole 624
Yield groove 625
Shifting mechanism 630
Linear module 631
Vertical cylinder 632
Mounting plate 633
Shaping clamp 634
Third reloading table 640
Rack 700
Detailed Description
The present utility model is further illustrated by way of examples below, which are not intended to limit the scope of the utility model.
Referring to fig. 3, the present embodiment discloses an automatic diode production system 100. The diode automated production system 100 is used to machine an on-axis diode 200 into a finished diode 200 as shown in fig. 2. As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the raw material of the diode 200 is an axial diode, which includes a diode body 210 and two pins 220 respectively connected to two ends of the diode body 210. The opposite ends of the two pins 220 of the finished diode 200 are flattened into a flat part 230, and the tail ends of the flat part 230 are bent for the second time to form a bent part 240 which is bent downwards.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the automatic diode production system 100 includes a frame 700, and a diode feeding device 300, a primary bending device 400, a flattening device 500, and a shaping device 600 sequentially arranged along the frame 700. The diode feeding device 300 is used for feeding the diodes 200 in sequence, and the primary bending device 400 is used for horizontally bending the two straight pipe pins 220 of the diodes 200, so that the whole diode 200 is bent into a C shape. The flattening device 500 is disposed at the end of the first end bending mechanism 410, and is used for flattening the end of the bent pin 220; the shaping device 600 is used for cutting and secondarily bending the end of the flattened pin 220.
Referring to fig. 4, the diode feeding device 300 includes a diode storage bin 310 and a conveyor belt 320. The diode storage bin 310 is used for storing the diode 200, and the conveyer belt 320 is connected to the diode storage bin 310 and is used for conveying the diode 200 in the diode storage bin 310 to the rack 700 for bending by the primary bending device 400.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the primary bending apparatus 400 includes a first end bending mechanism 410, a second end bending mechanism 420, and a bending and material moving mechanism 430. The first end bending mechanism 410 is used to bend one pin 220 of the diode 200, and the second end bending mechanism 420 is used to bend the other pin 220 of the diode 200. The first end bending mechanism 410 and the second end bending mechanism 420 are arranged at intervals, and the two pins 220 of the diode 200 are sequentially bent, so that the first end bending mechanism 410 and the second end bending mechanism 420 at the two pins 220 are not easy to interfere when the diode 200 with smaller size is bent. The bending and material moving mechanism 430 is configured to move the diode 200 to the first end bending mechanism 410 and the second end bending mechanism 420, and is disposed above the first end bending mechanism 410 and the second end bending mechanism 420, so as to avoid interference with the first end bending mechanism 410 and/or the second end bending mechanism 420.
Referring to fig. 4 to 6, the first end bending mechanism 410 includes a first fixing plate 411, a first linear cylinder 412, a first ejector rod 413, a first limiting plate 414, a first bending stage 415, and a first abutting cylinder 416. The first fixing plate 411 is fixed to the chassis 700. The first limiting plate 414 is disposed above the first fixing plate 411 and is used for abutting against the peripheral side of one pin 220 of the diode 200. The cylinder body of the first linear cylinder 412 is fixed on the first fixing plate 411, the first ejector rod 413 is connected with the piston of the first linear cylinder 412, the first limiting plate 414 is parallel to the moving direction of the first ejector rod 413, and a gap is formed between the first limiting plate 414 and the first ejector rod 413.
The first bending table 415 is fixed to the first fixing plate 411, the first bending table 415 is provided with a first limiting groove 417 for placing the diode 200, the first limiting groove 417 is adapted to the diode 200, that is, the diode body 210 can be placed and limited in the first limiting groove 417, and the pin 220 of the diode 200 extends out of the first limiting groove 417 for bending. The first abutting cylinder 416 is fixedly disposed on the first fixing plate 411, and is used for abutting the diode body 210 in the limiting slot. The piston of the first abutting cylinder 416 is connected with a first abutting block 418, and the first abutting cylinder 416 drives the first abutting block 418 to move along the width direction of the first limiting groove 417 so as to abut against or loosen the diode body 210.
When the diode 200 is bent, the diode body 210 is limited in the first limiting groove 417, and the first abutting cylinder 416 drives the first abutting block 418 to abut against the diode body 210. One pin 220 of the diode 200 extends out of the limit groove 417, the peripheral side of the pin 220 abuts against the end part of the first limit plate 414, and the first ejector rod 413 moves parallel to the first limit plate 414 and abuts against the pin 220 of the diode 200, so that the first ejector rod 413 is matched with the first limit plate 414 to bend one pin 220 of the diode 200 under the driving of the first linear cylinder 412, and the pin 220 of the diode 200 is positioned in a gap between the first ejector rod 413 and the first limit plate 414 after being bent.
Wherein, the end of the first ejector rod 413 away from the first linear cylinder 412 is provided with a chamfer, so that stress is dispersed when the pin 220 is abutted and bent, and the pin 220 is prevented from being damaged.
Referring to fig. 4 to 6, the second end bending mechanism 420 includes a second fixing plate 421, a second linear cylinder 422, a second ejector rod 423, a second limiting plate 424, a second bending stage 425, and a second tightening cylinder 426. The second fixing plate 421 is fixed to the chassis 700, the second limiting plate 424 is disposed on the second fixing plate 421, and the second limiting plate 424 is used for abutting against a peripheral side of the other pin 220 of the diode 200; the cylinder body of the second straight-line cylinder 422 is fixed on the second fixed plate 421, the second ejector rod 423 is connected with the piston of the second straight-line cylinder 422, the second limiting plate 424 is parallel to the moving direction of the second ejector rod 423, and a gap is formed between the second limiting plate 424 and the second ejector rod 423.
The second bending stage 425 is fixed to the second fixing plate 421. The second bending platform 425 is provided with a second limiting groove 427 for placing the diode 200, the second limiting groove 427 is matched with the diode 200, that is, the diode body 210 can be placed and limited in the second limiting groove 427, and the pins 220 of the diode 200 extend out of the second limiting groove 427 for bending. The second abutting cylinder 426 is fixedly disposed on the second fixing plate 421, and is used for abutting the diode body 210 in the limiting slot. The piston of the second abutting cylinder 426 is connected with a second abutting block 428, and the second abutting cylinder 426 drives the second abutting block 428 to move along the width direction of the second limiting groove 427 so as to abut against or loosen the diode body 210.
After one pin 220 of the diode 200 is bent, the bending and material moving mechanism 430 takes and places the diode 200 into the second limiting groove 427, and the second abutting cylinder 426 drives the second abutting block 428 to abut against the diode body 210. The peripheral side of the other pin 220 of the diode 200 abuts against the second limiting plate 424, and the second ejector rod 423 moves parallel to the second limiting plate 424 and abuts against the pin 220 of the diode 200, so that the second ejector rod 423 cooperates with the second limiting plate 424 to bend one pin 220 of the diode 200 under the driving of the second linear cylinder 422.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the bending and material moving mechanism 430 includes a walking driving assembly 431 and at least two bending and material moving claws 432, the bending and material moving claws 432 are used for taking and placing the diode 200, the bending and material moving claws 432 are disposed on the walking driving assembly 431 and can move horizontally and/or vertically under the driving of the walking driving assembly 431, at least one bending and material moving claw 432 corresponds to the first end bending mechanism 410, and at least one bending and material moving claw 432 corresponds to the second end bending mechanism 420. The bending material moving claw 432 corresponding to the first end bending mechanism 410 is used for taking and placing the diode 200 on the first end bending mechanism 410, the bending material moving claw 432 corresponding to the second end bending mechanism 420 is used for taking and placing the diode 200 on the second end bending mechanism 420, two bending material moving claws 432 are simultaneously driven to move through one traveling driving assembly 431, meanwhile, the blanking of the diode 200 on the second end bending mechanism 420 and the transfer of the diode 200 on the first end bending mechanism 410 to the second end bending mechanism 420 to bend the other pin 220 are achieved, and therefore efficiency of bending the pin 220 of the diode 200 is improved, equipment cost is saved, and occupied space of equipment is saved.
Specifically, referring to fig. 4, in this embodiment, the primary bending device 400 further includes a diode transfer support 440, and the diode transfer support 440 is disposed between the first end bending mechanism 410 and the conveyor 320. The bending and material moving mechanism 430 comprises four bending and material moving claws 432. Four bending and material moving claws 432 are equidistantly arranged on the walking driving assembly 431, and when the diode 200 forming equipment is not started, the four bending and material moving claws 432 are respectively and correspondingly positioned right above one end of the conveying belt 320 far away from the diode discharging bin 310, right above the diode transferring support 440, right above the first limiting groove 417 and right above the second limiting groove 427. Therefore, when the four bending material moving claws 432 simultaneously grab the diodes 200 at four positions during one bending, when the walking driving assembly 431 drives the bending material moving claws 432 to move, the four diodes 200 simultaneously realize station conversion, namely, simultaneously realize that the diodes 200 are transferred from the conveyer belt 320 to the diode transfer support 440, the diodes 200 are transferred from the diode transfer support 440 to the first end bending mechanism 410, and the diodes 200 bent by one pin 220 on the first end bending mechanism 410 are transferred to the second end bending mechanism 420. Thereby improving the efficiency of the diode 200 formation and saving the floor space of the device.
In this embodiment, the bending and moving claw 432 is a clamping cylinder, and drives the clamping claw to open and close by the cylinder so as to clamp the diode 200. In other embodiments, the bent transfer claw 432 may be other suitable clamping members.
Referring to fig. 3 and 7, the flattening apparatus 500 includes a loading plate 510, a lower base 520, a flattening head 530, and a flattening and material moving mechanism 540. The loading plate 510 is fixed on the frame 700, and the lower base 520 and the flattening and material-moving mechanism 540 are disposed on the loading plate 510. The flattening head 530 is disposed above the lower base 520 and can move vertically relative to the lower base 520 to flatten the pins 220 of the diode 200 in cooperation with the lower base 520. The flattening and transferring mechanism 540 is disposed at one side of the lower base 520, and is used for transferring the diode 200 onto the lower base 520 or removing the diode 200 from the lower base 520.
The flattening head 530 is connected to an external power source, and the flattening head 530 is driven by the external power source to move vertically, so as to flatten the pins 220 of the diode 200.
The flattening and material moving mechanism 540 comprises a flattening linear module 541 which is horizontally arranged, a sliding plate 542 which is slidably arranged on the flattening linear module 541, a driving cylinder 544 which is arranged on the sliding plate 542, and a flattening clamping jaw 543 which is connected with the driving cylinder 544. The flattening clamping jaw 543 is used for clamping the diode 200, the driving cylinder 544 drives the flattening clamping jaw 543 to vertically slide so as to place or clamp the diode 200, and the flattening linear module 541 drives the sliding plate 542 and the flattening clamping jaw 543 on the sliding plate 542 to slide along the length direction of the flattening linear module 541, so that the diode 200 is driven to horizontally move to replace a station of the diode 200. Wherein, there is a gap between the flattening clamping jaw 543 and the lower base 520 in the horizontal direction, and the width of the gap is smaller than the length of the bent pin 220 of the diode 200, so that only the pin 220 of the diode 200 is located on the lower base 520 when the diode 200 is placed on the lower base 520, so as to be convenient for flattening the pin 220 of the diode 200.
In this embodiment, a first reloading stage 550 is disposed between the flattening device 500 and the primary bending device 400, and a second reloading stage 560 is disposed between the flattening device 500 and the shaping device 600. The first exchanging platform 550, the second end bending mechanism 420 and the upper surface of the lower base 520 are located at the same height. The first changing table 550, the second end bending mechanism 420, the first end bending mechanism 410, and the diode transferring support 440 are equidistantly arranged on the same straight line. The first reloading stage 550, the lower base 520 and the second reloading stage 560 are arranged on the same straight line, and the heights of the three are the same, so that the flattening and transferring mechanism 540 transfers the diode 200 among the three. Therefore, the diode 200 bent by the pin 220 is conveniently grabbed onto the first reloading platform 550 by the bending and material moving mechanism 430, and meanwhile, the diode 200 on the first reloading platform 550 is conveniently grabbed onto the lower base 520 or the diode 200 on the lower base 520 is grabbed and moved onto the second reloading platform 560 by the flattening and material moving mechanism 540, so that the taking and placing of the diode 200 are facilitated.
In this embodiment, two ends of the sliding plate 542 are respectively provided with a flattening clamping jaw 543. The distance between the two flat pinching claws 543 is equal to the distance between the first reloading stage 550 and the lower base 520 (i.e., the distance between the second reloading stage 560 and the lower base 520); thus, the sliding plate 542 moves once, so that the diode 200 flattened on the lower base 520 can be taken and placed on the second mounting table 560, and the diode 200 on the first mounting table 550 can be taken and placed on the lower base 520 for flattening the pins 220.
Referring to fig. 3 and 8, the shaping apparatus 600 includes an upper die holder 610, a lower die holder 620, a shifting mechanism 630, and a third shifting stage 640. The third reloading stage 640 is disposed between the second reloading stage 560 and the lower die holder 620 for placing the flattened diode 200. The upper die holder 610 is slidably disposed above the lower die holder 620, and the upper and lower die holders 620 are clamped to realize the cutting and secondary bending of the diode 200. The shift mechanism 630 is used for taking the diode 200 on the third changing station 640 onto the lower die holder 620 and removing the diode 200 on the lower die holder 620.
Referring to fig. 9, the lower die holder 620 is provided with a cutting area and a secondary bending area, and the secondary bending area is spaced apart from the cutting area. In this embodiment, a first placement groove 621 and two cutting holes 622 are disposed on a side of the lower die holder 620 facing the upper die holder 610, the first placement groove 621 and the cutting holes 622 enclose together to form a cutting area, the first placement groove 621 is communicated with the cutting holes 622, and the first placement groove 621 is adapted to the diode 200. When the diode 200 is placed in the first placing groove 621, the two cutting holes 622 are opposite to the two pins 220 of the diode 200, so that the cutting holes 622 and the cutting head cooperate to cut the pins 220 of the flattened diode 200 into a required shape. The lower die holder 620 is provided with a second placing groove 623 and two secondary bending holes 624 towards one side of the upper die holder 610, the second placing groove 623 and the secondary bending holes 624 are enclosed to form a secondary bending area, the second placing groove 623 is communicated with the secondary bending holes 624, the second placing groove 623 is matched with the diode, when the diode 200 is placed in the second placing groove 623, the two secondary bending holes 624 are opposite to the two pins 220 of the diode 200, and accordingly the secondary bending holes 624 and the secondary bending heads are matched to be capable of bending the cut pins 220 of the diode 200 into a required shape.
The upper die holder 610 includes an upper die plate 611 and a driving member 612, wherein the driving member 612 is connected above the upper die plate 611 and is used for driving the upper die plate 611 to move vertically relative to the lower die holder 620; the upper die plate 611 is provided with a cutting head 613 and a secondary bending head 614 on one side facing the lower die base 620, the cutting head 613 corresponds to the cutting area, and the secondary bending head 614 corresponds to the secondary bending area.
Thus, when the diode 200 is cut and secondarily bent, the transfer mechanism 630 takes the diode 200 from the third mounting table 640 onto the lower die holder 620, and the driving member 612 drives the upper die holder 610 and the lower die holder 620 to clamp, and the cutting head cooperates with the cutting area to cut the diode 200 into a desired shape. Subsequently, the upper die holder 610 and the lower die holder 620 are opened, the moving and changing mechanism 630 moves the cut diode 200 to a secondary bending area, the upper die holder 610 and the lower die holder 620 are closed, and the secondary bending head is matched with the bending area to further bend the cut pin 220 into a required shape.
In this process, since the cutting head and the secondary bending head are both disposed on the upper template 611, the cutting and secondary bending of the pins 220 can be achieved by once die assembly, the integration of the cutting function and the secondary bending function is achieved, the occupied area of the equipment is saved, and meanwhile, the operation steps are reduced.
Referring to fig. 8 to 10, the shift mechanism 630 includes a shift linear module 631, a vertical cylinder 632, a mounting plate 633, and a swage clamp 634. The length direction of the moving and replacing linear module 631 is parallel to the connecting line of the third replacing table 640, the cutting area and the secondary bending area, and the mounting plate 633 is slidably arranged along the length direction of the linear module.
The vertical cylinder 632 is fixedly arranged below the moving and changing linear module 631 to drive the moving and changing linear module 631 to move in the vertical direction, and the shaping clamping piece 634 is arranged on the mounting plate.
In this embodiment, the second changing station 560, the third changing station 640, the first placing slot 621 and the second placing slot 623 are all located on the same straight line, and the second changing station 560, the third changing station 640, the first placing slot 621 and the second placing slot 623 are equidistantly arranged.
The number of the plastic clamping pieces 634 is at least three, so as to clamp the diode 200 in the third mounting table 640, the cutting area and the secondary bending area correspondingly. In this embodiment, the number of the plastic clamping members 634 is four, and the four plastic clamping members 634 correspond to the second changing station 560, the third changing station 640, the cutting area and the secondary bending area, respectively. Therefore, the secondary bent diode 200 can be removed and baited only by moving the primary replacing mechanism 630, the cut diode 200 is transferred to the secondary bending area, the diode 200 on the third replacing table 640 is transferred to the cutting area, the diode 200 on the second replacing table 560 is transferred to the third replacing table 640, the three diodes 200 are replaced at one time, the equipment cost and the equipment occupied space are saved, the production beat of the die assembly of the upper die holder 610 and the lower die holder 620 is met, and the production efficiency is improved.
The lower die holder 620 is provided with a relief groove 625 on one side of the shifting mechanism 630, and the relief groove 625 extends vertically. In this embodiment, two relief grooves 625 are provided, wherein one relief groove 625 communicates with the first placement groove 621, and the other relief groove 625 communicates with the second placement groove 623. Thus, the yielding groove 625 yields the plastic clamping member, avoids interference between the plastic clamping member and the lower die holder 620, and facilitates clamping of the plastic clamping member and placement of the diode 200 in the lower die holder 620.
While specific embodiments of the utility model have been described above, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that this is by way of example only, and the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims. Various changes and modifications to these embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, but such changes and modifications fall within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. The automatic diode production system is characterized by comprising a primary bending device, a flattening device and a shaping device which are sequentially arranged, wherein the primary bending device is used for bending pins of a diode; the flattening device is arranged at the tail end of the primary bending device and is used for flattening pins of the diode; the shaping device is used for cutting and secondarily bending the flattened pins of the diode;
the shaping device comprises an upper die holder, a lower die holder and a third changing table, wherein the lower die holder is provided with a cutting area and a secondary bending area, and the secondary bending area is arranged at intervals with the cutting area; the upper die holder comprises an upper die plate and a driving piece, and the driving piece is connected above the upper die plate and is used for driving the upper die plate to vertically move relative to the lower die holder; a cutting head and a secondary bending head are arranged on one side, facing the lower die holder, of the upper die plate, the cutting head corresponds to the cutting area, and the secondary bending head corresponds to the secondary bending area; the third reloading platform is equal to the lower die holder in height, and the third reloading platform, the cutting area and the secondary bending area are equidistantly arranged on the same straight line;
the shaping device further comprises a shifting mechanism, the shifting mechanism comprises a mounting plate which can be slidably arranged on one side of the lower die holder and at least three shaping clamping pieces which are arranged on the mounting plate, the at least three shaping clamping pieces are parallel to the third mounting table, the cutting area and the connecting line of the secondary bending area, and the distance between the shaping clamping pieces is the same as that between the third mounting table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area.
2. The automatic diode production system of claim 1, wherein a first placing groove and a cutting hole are formed in one side, facing the upper die holder, of the lower die holder, the first placing groove is enclosed with the cutting Kong Gongtong to form the cutting area, the first placing groove is communicated with the cutting hole, the first placing groove is matched with the diode, and when the diode is placed in the first placing groove, the cutting hole faces to a pin of the diode.
3. The automatic diode production system according to claim 2, wherein a second placing groove and a secondary bending hole are formed in one side, facing the upper die holder, of the lower die holder, the second placing groove and the secondary bending hole are enclosed to form the secondary bending area, the second placing groove is communicated with the secondary bending hole, the second placing groove is matched with the diode, and when the diode is placed in the second placing groove, the secondary bending hole faces to a pin of the diode.
4. The automatic diode production system of claim 3, wherein a yielding groove is formed in the lower die holder toward one side of the shifting mechanism, and the yielding groove extends vertically and is used for yielding the plastic clamping piece; the relief groove is communicated with the first placing groove and/or the relief groove is communicated with the second placing groove.
5. The automatic diode production system of claim 1, wherein the shift mechanism further comprises a shift linear module, a vertical cylinder and a mounting plate, the length direction of the shift linear module is parallel to the connecting line of the third shift table, the cutting area and the secondary bending area, and the mounting plate is slidably arranged along the length direction of the linear module;
the number of the vertical cylinders corresponds to the number of the shaping clamping pieces, the vertical cylinders are fixedly arranged on the mounting plate, and the shaping clamping pieces are arranged on the vertical cylinders and can vertically move under the driving of the vertical cylinders.
6. The automatic diode production system of claim 1, wherein the primary bending device comprises a first end bending mechanism, a second end bending mechanism and a bending and material moving mechanism, wherein the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism are arranged at intervals, the first end bending mechanism is used for bending one pin of the diode, and the second end bending mechanism is used for bending the other pin of the diode; the bending and material moving mechanism is arranged above the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism and is used for moving the diode to the first end bending mechanism and the second end bending mechanism.
7. The automatic diode production system of claim 6, wherein the first end bending mechanism comprises a first fixing plate, a first linear cylinder, a first ejector rod and a first limiting plate, wherein the first fixing plate is used for fixing a diode, the first limiting plate is arranged on the first fixing plate, and the first limiting plate is used for abutting against the peripheral side of one pin of the diode; the cylinder body of the first straight-line cylinder is fixed on the first fixing plate, the first ejector rod is connected with the piston of the first straight-line cylinder, the first limiting plate is parallel to the moving direction of the first ejector rod, and a gap is formed between the first limiting plate and the first ejector rod.
8. The automatic diode production system of claim 6, wherein the second end bending mechanism comprises a second fixing plate, a second linear cylinder, a second ejector rod and a second limiting plate, wherein the second fixing plate is used for fixing a diode, the second limiting plate is arranged on the second fixing plate, and the second limiting plate is used for abutting against the peripheral side of the other pin of the diode; the cylinder body of the second straight-line cylinder is fixed on the second fixing plate, the second ejector rod is connected with the piston of the second straight-line cylinder, the second limiting plate is parallel to the moving direction of the second ejector rod, and a gap is formed between the second limiting plate and the second ejector rod.
9. The automatic diode production system of claim 7, wherein the first end bending mechanism further comprises a first bending table and a first tightening cylinder, the first bending table is fixed on the first fixing plate, the first bending table is provided with a first limit groove for placing a diode, the first tightening cylinder is arranged on the first fixing plate, a piston of the first tightening cylinder can slide along the width direction of the first limit groove, and the first tightening cylinder is used for tightening the diode in the limit groove.
10. The automatic diode production system of claim 6, wherein the bending and material moving mechanism comprises a traveling driving assembly and at least two bending and material moving claws, the bending and material moving claws are used for taking and placing the diode, the bending and material moving claws are arranged on the traveling driving assembly and can horizontally and/or vertically move under the driving of the traveling driving assembly, at least one bending and material moving claw corresponds to the first end bending mechanism, and at least one bending and material moving claw corresponds to the second end bending mechanism.
CN202320618166.4U 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 Automatic diode production system Active CN219476633U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320618166.4U CN219476633U (en) 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 Automatic diode production system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202320618166.4U CN219476633U (en) 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 Automatic diode production system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN219476633U true CN219476633U (en) 2023-08-04

Family

ID=87460447

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202320618166.4U Active CN219476633U (en) 2023-03-21 2023-03-21 Automatic diode production system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN219476633U (en)

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