CN218502171U - A soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil - Google Patents

A soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN218502171U
CN218502171U CN202222252129.4U CN202222252129U CN218502171U CN 218502171 U CN218502171 U CN 218502171U CN 202222252129 U CN202222252129 U CN 202222252129U CN 218502171 U CN218502171 U CN 218502171U
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
crushing
fixed
heavy metal
hopper
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CN202222252129.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊康为
陈彬荣
彭海榕
赵之理
曾武
宋树祥
郑超
邢家丽
崔晓荧
黄志浩
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Guangzhou Huanjing Environmental Protection Engineering Co ltd
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Guangzhou Huanjing Environmental Protection Engineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN202222252129.4U priority Critical patent/CN218502171U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The utility model discloses a soil breaker for handling heavy metal pollution soil, including broken case, the inside of broken case is rotated through the bearing and is connected with two crushing rollers, and the one end of every crushing roller is all fixed and is equipped with the gear, meshes between two gears mutually, the other end of one of them crushing roller and driving motor's output fixed connection, and the fixed intercommunication in top of broken case has the feeder hopper, and the both ends of feeder hopper all are provided with actuating mechanism, the utility model discloses a second clamp plate in the broken case is connected with the connecting axle, and the connecting axle drives through actuating mechanism, and driving sprocket among the actuating mechanism is connected with the gear connection of crushing roller and its connection respectively, and the crank that driven sprocket connects rotates with the connecting rod to be connected, and the connecting rod rotates with the connecting axle to be connected, and then drives the second clamp plate and carries out the crushing operation with the cooperation of first clamp plate to soil, avoids the great card of soil size to avoid artifical supplementary breakage inside the device, effectively improves the crushing efficiency of device.

Description

A soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a pollute soil treatment facility technical field, in particular to a soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil.
Background
The thermal desorption technology can treat organic pollution and organic heavy metal combined pollution soil, and the thermal desorption process equipment mainly comprises three systems, including a pretreatment system, a thermal desorption system and a tail gas treatment system. When the polluted soil is treated, a soil crushing device is required to be used for crushing, and in view of the above, the Chinese patent application No. CN212018070U provides a crushing device for the heavy metal polluted soil, wherein a first filter mesh plate and a second filter mesh plate are used for screening the crushed polluted soil, and the crushed polluted soil which does not meet the requirement is left above the filter mesh plates to be continuously crushed, so that the crushing effect of the polluted soil is ensured; a plurality of miniature vibrating motor through stock guide bottom will meet the requirements pollute soil and be discharged more fast, prevent to block up, improve and pollute soil crushing efficiency.
And the soil breaker in the above-mentioned patent does not have pre-compaction function, when carrying out the breakage to soil, if soil size is great, when sending into breaker with soil in, can lead to the soil card inside the device, need the manual work to assist broken, leads to the device crushing efficiency to reduce.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a soil crushing device for treating heavy metal contaminated soil comprises a crushing box, wherein two crushing rollers are rotatably connected inside the crushing box through bearings, one end of each crushing roller is fixedly provided with a gear, the two gears are meshed with each other, the other end of one of the crushing rollers is fixedly connected with the output end of a driving motor, the top end of the crushing box is fixedly communicated with a feeding hopper, and two ends of the feeding hopper are provided with driving mechanisms;
actuating mechanism includes driving sprocket, driving sprocket passes through drive chain and is connected with driven sprocket transmission, driven sprocket's the fixed crank that is equipped with of one end, articulate one end is connected with the connecting rod through the round pin axle rotation, one of them driving sprocket's one end and the other end fixed connection of another crushing roller, another driving sprocket's one end and the one end fixed connection of one of them gear, two driven sprocket all rotates with one side at feeder hopper both ends respectively through the bearing and is connected, all alternate in the activity slot that the opposite side at feeder hopper both ends was all seted up and be equipped with the connecting axle, two fixed second clamp plate, every being equipped with between the connecting axle the one end of connecting axle all rotates with the one end that corresponds the connecting rod through the round pin axle and is connected.
Preferably, the driving screw hole internal thread that the middle part of feeder hopper one side was seted up has a drive screw, drive screw's one end is passed through the bearing and is connected with the middle part rotation of first clamp plate one side, and drive screw's other end is fixed and is equipped with the crank, the guide arm that the both ends of first clamp plate one side were equipped with alternates with the guide hole that the both ends of feeder hopper one side were seted up respectively and is connected.
Preferably, four edges of broken bottom of the case all are fixed and are equipped with the supporting leg, and the fixed intercommunication in middle part of broken bottom of the case has a hopper, the bottom mounting intercommunication that goes out the hopper has the bleeder valve.
Preferably, every one side of connecting axle all is fixed and is equipped with flexible material stopping belt, and the direction slider that the top of every connecting axle was equipped with all with the direction spout sliding connection that the top of corresponding activity slot hole inner wall was seted up, every the one end in flexible material stopping belt all with one side fixed connection who corresponds activity slot hole inner wall.
Preferably, one side of broken case top is fixed and is equipped with the backup pad, electric telescopic handle is all installed to the both sides on backup pad top, it is equipped with the activity bin gate to alternate in the interlude slot hole of seting up at the middle part of feeder hopper opposite side, the both ends of activity bin gate one side respectively with two electric telescopic handle's output fixed connection, and the spacing spout sliding connection that the spacing draw runner that the both ends of activity bin gate were equipped with was seted up with the both sides of interlude slot hole inner wall respectively.
Preferably, the fixed flush mounting plate that is equipped with in one end of broken case, flush mounting plate's fixed surface is equipped with electric telescopic handle switch and driving motor switch, and two electric telescopic handle and driving motor pass through electric telescopic handle switch and driving motor switch and external power supply electric connection respectively.
The utility model discloses a technological effect and advantage:
(1) The second pressing plate in the crushing box is connected with a connecting shaft, the connecting shaft is driven by a driving mechanism, a driving chain wheel in the driving mechanism is respectively connected with the crushing roller and a gear connected with the crushing roller, a crank connected with a driven chain wheel is rotatably connected with a connecting rod, the connecting rod is rotatably connected with the connecting shaft, and the second pressing plate is driven to be matched with the first pressing plate to crush soil, so that the situation that the soil is large in size and is clamped in the device is avoided, manual auxiliary crushing is avoided, and the crushing efficiency of the device is effectively improved;
(2) The crushing roller connected through the driving motor is connected with the gear, and intermeshing between the gear, one of them gear and crushing roller all are connected with driving sprocket, and the power of usable crushing roller carries out the crushing operation, effectively avoids the energy waste, uses environmental protection more.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic structural view of the present invention at a in fig. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the crushing box of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a crushing box; 2. a gear; 3. supporting legs; 4. a discharge valve; 5. a drive mechanism; 501. a drive sprocket; 502. a drive chain; 503. a driven sprocket; 504. a crank; 505. a connecting rod; 6. a feed hopper; 7. a drive screw; 8. a crank; 9. a first platen; 10. a guide bar; 11. a second platen; 12. a connecting shaft; 13. a flexible material blocking belt; 14. a support plate; 15. an electric telescopic rod; 16. a movable material gate; 17. a limiting sliding strip; 18. a drive motor; 19. and (4) a crushing roller.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a soil breaker for processing heavy metal contaminated soil as shown in figures 1-3, which comprises a breaking box 1, wherein the inside of the breaking box 1 is rotationally connected with two breaking rollers 19 through a bearing, one end of each breaking roller 19 is fixedly provided with a gear 2, the two gears 2 are meshed with each other, the other end of one breaking roller 19 is fixedly connected with the output end of a driving motor 18, the top end of the breaking box 1 is fixedly communicated with a feed hopper 6, and both ends of the feed hopper 6 are provided with driving mechanisms 5;
actuating mechanism 5 includes driving sprocket 501, driving sprocket 501 is connected with driven sprocket 503 transmission through drive chain 502, driven sprocket 503's the fixed crank 504 that is equipped with in one end, the one end of crank 504 is connected with connecting rod 505 through the round pin hub rotation, the one end of one of them driving sprocket 501 and another crushing roller 19's other end fixed connection, another driving sprocket 501's one end and one of them gear 2's one end fixed connection, two driven sprocket 503 all rotate with one side at feeder hopper 6 both ends respectively through the bearing and are connected, all alternate in the activity slotted hole that the opposite side at feeder hopper 6 both ends was all seted up and be equipped with connecting axle 12, the fixed second clamp plate 11 that is equipped with between two connecting axles 12, the one end of every connecting axle 12 all rotates with the one end that corresponds connecting rod 505 through the round pin hub and is connected.
A driving screw 7 is connected with the inner thread of a driving screw hole arranged at the middle part of one side of the feeding hopper 6, one end of the driving screw 7 is rotationally connected with the middle part of one side of a first pressing plate 9 through a bearing, a crank 8 is fixedly arranged at the other end of the driving screw 7, guide rods 10 arranged at two ends of one side of a first pressing plate 9 are respectively and alternately connected with guide holes arranged at two ends of one side of a feed hopper 6, personnel can rotate the driving screw 7 to drive the first pressing plate 9, the distance between the first pressing plate 9 and a second pressing plate 11 is changed to ensure the crushing of soil, supporting legs 3 are fixedly arranged at four corners of the bottom end of the crushing box 1, a discharge hopper is fixedly communicated with the middle part of the bottom end of the crushing box 1, a discharge valve 4 is fixedly communicated with the bottom end of the discharge hopper, a flexible material blocking belt 13 is fixedly arranged on one side of each connecting shaft 12, and the guide slide block arranged at the top end of each connecting shaft 12 is in sliding connection with the guide chute arranged at the top end of the inner wall of the corresponding movable long hole, one end of each flexible material stop belt 13 is fixedly connected with one side of the inner wall of the corresponding movable long hole, one side of the top end of the crushing box 1 is fixedly provided with a support plate 14, two sides of the top end of the support plate 14 are respectively provided with an electric telescopic rod 15, a movable material door 16 is inserted in the insertion long hole arranged at the middle part of the other side of the feed hopper 6, and two ends of one side of the movable material door 16 are respectively fixedly connected with the output ends of the two electric telescopic rods 15, and the spacing draw runner 17 that the both ends of activity bin gate 16 were equipped with respectively with the spacing spout sliding connection who sets up in the both sides of interlude slot hole inner wall, the fixed flush mounting plate that is equipped with of one end of broken case 1, flush mounting plate's fixed surface is equipped with electric telescopic handle switch and driving motor switch, two electric telescopic handle 15 and driving motor 18 respectively through electric telescopic handle switch and driving motor switch and external power supply electric connection.
The utility model discloses the theory of operation: when the crushing device is used, the electric telescopic rod 15 on the supporting plate 14 is in an extended state, at this time, the movable material door 16 arranged in the through long hole formed in the feeding hopper 6 is matched with the feeding hopper 6 to prevent soil from falling, soil is placed in the feeding hopper 6, the driving motor 18 is turned on, the driving motor 18 drives one of the crushing rollers 19, the crushing rollers 19 are connected with the gears 2, the two gears 2 are meshed with each other to enable the two crushing rollers 19 to rotate, one of the crushing rollers 19 is connected with the driving chain wheel 501, the connected gear 2 is connected with the driving chain wheel 501, the driving chain wheel 501 drives the driven chain wheel 503 to rotate through the transmission chain 502, the driven chain wheel 503 rotates to drive the crank 504 to rotate, the crank 504 is connected with the connecting rod 505 in a rotating manner, the connecting rod 505 is connected with the connecting shaft 12 in a rotating manner, the second pressing plate 11 connected with the connecting shaft 12 reciprocates to be matched with the first pressing plate 9 in a reciprocating manner to crush the soil, then the soil, the electric telescopic rod 15 is opened, the electric telescopic rod 15 is contracted to drive the movable material door 16 to move, and the soil can fall into the crushing box 1 through the feeding hopper 6, and the two crushing rollers 19 can crush the soil.
In the description of the present invention, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral part; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or may be connected through the use of two elements or the interaction of two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood as a specific case by those skilled in the art.
The utility model discloses the standard part that uses all can purchase from the market, and dysmorphism piece all can be customized according to the record of description and attached drawing.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A soil crushing device for treating heavy metal contaminated soil comprises a crushing box (1), wherein two crushing rollers (19) are rotatably connected inside the crushing box (1) through bearings, one end of each crushing roller (19) is fixedly provided with a gear (2), the two gears (2) are meshed with each other, the other end of one crushing roller (19) is fixedly connected with the output end of a driving motor (18), and the top end of the crushing box (1) is fixedly communicated with a feeding hopper (6);
the method is characterized in that: both ends of the feed hopper (6) are provided with driving mechanisms (5);
actuating mechanism (5) are including driving sprocket (501), driving sprocket (501) are connected with driven sprocket (503) transmission through drive chain (502), the fixed crank (504) that are equipped with of one end of driven sprocket (503), the one end of crank (504) is rotated through the round pin axle and is connected with connecting rod (505), one of them the one end of driving sprocket (501) and the other end fixed connection of another crushing roller (19), another the one end of driving sprocket (501) and the one end fixed connection of one of them gear (2), two driven sprocket (503) all rotate with one side at feeder hopper (6) both ends respectively through the bearing and are connected, all alternate in the activity slot that the opposite side at feeder hopper (6) both ends is all seted up and be equipped with connecting axle (12), two fixed second clamp plate (11) of being equipped with between connecting axle (12), every the one end of connecting axle (12) all rotates through the round pin axle and the one end that corresponds connecting rod (505) and is connected.
2. The soil breaking device for treating heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, wherein: drive screw female connection that the middle part of feeder hopper (6) one side was seted up has drive screw (7), the one end of drive screw (7) is passed through the bearing and is rotated with the middle part of first clamp plate (9) one side and be connected, and the other end of drive screw (7) is fixed and is equipped with crank (8), guide arm (10) that the both ends of first clamp plate (9) one side were equipped with alternate with the guide hole that the both ends of feeder hopper (6) one side were seted up respectively and are connected.
3. The soil crushing device for treating soil polluted by heavy metal according to claim 1, wherein: four edges of broken case (1) bottom all are fixed and are equipped with supporting leg (3), and the fixed intercommunication in middle part of broken case (1) bottom has a hopper, the bottom mounting intercommunication that goes out the hopper has bleeder valve (4).
4. The soil crushing device for treating soil polluted by heavy metal according to claim 1, wherein: every one side of connecting axle (12) all is fixed and is equipped with flexible material stopping belt (13), and the direction slider that the top of every connecting axle (12) was equipped with all with the direction spout sliding connection that the top of corresponding activity slot hole inner wall was seted up, every the one end of flexible material stopping belt (13) all with the one side fixed connection who corresponds activity slot hole inner wall.
5. The soil crushing device for treating soil polluted by heavy metal according to claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a crushing case, including broken case (1), feed hopper (6), spacing slide bar (17) that just the both ends of feed hopper (16) were equipped with in the both sides on broken case (1) top, electric telescopic handle (15) are all installed to the both sides on backup pad (14) top, wear to insert in the interlude slot hole that the middle part of feed hopper (6) opposite side was seted up and be equipped with movable bin gate (16), the both ends of movable bin gate (16) one side respectively with the output fixed connection of two electric telescopic handle (15), and the spacing spout sliding connection that spacing draw runner (17) that the both ends of movable bin gate (16) were equipped with were seted up respectively with the both sides of interlude slot hole inner wall.
6. A soil breaking device for treating heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 5, wherein: the fixed flush mounting plate that is equipped with of one end of broken case (1), flush mounting plate's fixed surface is equipped with electric telescopic handle switch and driving motor switch, and two electric telescopic handle (15) and driving motor (18) are respectively through electric telescopic handle switch and driving motor switch and external power supply electric connection.
CN202222252129.4U 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 A soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil Active CN218502171U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202222252129.4U CN218502171U (en) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 A soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202222252129.4U CN218502171U (en) 2022-08-25 2022-08-25 A soil breaker for handling heavy metal contaminated soil

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CN218502171U true CN218502171U (en) 2023-02-21

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116593242A (en) * 2023-03-13 2023-08-15 沈阳农业大学 Low-power efficient soil sample air-drying box

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116593242A (en) * 2023-03-13 2023-08-15 沈阳农业大学 Low-power efficient soil sample air-drying box

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