CN217322988U - Movable mining raise tunneling operation cage - Google Patents

Movable mining raise tunneling operation cage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN217322988U
CN217322988U CN202123206733.5U CN202123206733U CN217322988U CN 217322988 U CN217322988 U CN 217322988U CN 202123206733 U CN202123206733 U CN 202123206733U CN 217322988 U CN217322988 U CN 217322988U
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steel
rib net
operation cage
steel rib
wheel
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CN202123206733.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘青灵
丘浩禹
王海涛
李兵磊
楼晓明
黄明清
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a movable mining raise tunneling operation cage, which comprises an operation cage, wherein the side part of the operation cage is provided with an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel, and the bottom of the operation cage is provided with an electric driving device for driving the lower steel wheel; the operation cage comprises a framework, a side steel rib net, a bottom steel rib net and a top steel rib net; a cantilever for mounting an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel is welded on the side part of the operation cage; the bottom steel rib net inclines downwards close to the steel wheel side, and the included angle between the bottom steel rib net and the side steel rib net is consistent with the inclination angle of the patio. The utility model discloses portable mining courtyard tunnelling operation cage reasonable in design, convenient to use only needs to carry out in the work progress whole operation cage along the guide rail get into and withdraw from can, improve the loaded down with trivial details process that present courtyard circulation footage segmentation construction platform built and dismantled, improve the efficiency of construction, security and the flexibility that the courtyard tunneled, reduce the intensity of labour of workman in the limited space operation of underground.

Description

Movable type mining raise tunneling operation cage
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an underground works and mining technical field, especially a portable mining raise tunnelling operation cage.
Background
The raise is a vertical or inclined well or channel in the technical field of underground engineering and mining, and has the functions of cutting raise, ventilating raise, manway raise, ore pass, filling raise and the like according to different use functions. These raise projects are the key controlling projects in the exploitation of underground deposits, are limited by the limited working space in the ground, and the efficiency and safety of raising the raise into the well are important factors that the engineer must face and consider. At present, people mainly adopt a drilling and blasting method to construct a raise according to circulation footage in a segmented manner, and before each circulation footage process operation, a working platform needs to be manually built and detached. Wangchang et al propose a support device for raise boring and a raise boring method (patent application No. CN 202010997276.7), wherein the support device is composed of a cable car, a rope and an umbrella-shaped bracket. In yellow, Hao, a device for driving a hanging-tank during the raise driving (patent application No. CN 201120140106.3) is proposed, which uses a cylinder to provide power. The wanjian army and the like propose a working platform (application (patent) No. CN 201420230698.1) for raise boring, which is a fixed working platform, and the working platform is formed by two parallel steel rails and a wood board laid on the steel rails.
The flexibility and the safety of the raise circulation footage subsection construction operation platform are a great problem in raise construction.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model aims at providing a reasonable in design, convenient to use's portable mining raise tunnelling operation cage improves the efficiency of construction, security and the flexibility of raise tunnelling.
The utility model discloses a following scheme realizes: a movable type mining raise tunneling operation cage comprises an operation cage, wherein an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel are mounted on the side portion of the operation cage, and an electric driving device used for driving the lower steel wheel is mounted at the bottom of the operation cage; the operation cage comprises a framework, a side steel rib net, a bottom steel rib net and a top steel rib net; a cantilever for mounting an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel is welded on the side part of the operation cage; the bottom steel rib net inclines downwards close to the steel wheel side, and the included angle between the bottom steel rib net and the side steel rib net is consistent with the inclination angle of the patio.
Furthermore, the side steel rib net, the bottom steel rib net and the top steel rib net are formed by welding longitudinal steel bars and transverse steel plates; the transverse steel plate of the bottom steel rib net is positioned above the longitudinal steel bars, and the upper side of the transverse steel plate is provided with a sawtooth groove.
Further, the diameter of the longitudinal steel bar is 8-10 mm, the distance is 15-20 cm, the thickness of the transverse steel plate is 2.5-3 mm, and the width is 3-3.5 cm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the side steel rib net is 20 cmcm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the top steel rib net is 10 cm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the bottom steel rib net is 5 cm.
Furthermore, the electric driving device comprises a driving box and a driving motor, the driving box is installed in the driving box, the driving box is connected with the operation cage through a hinge, and a main shaft of the driving motor is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft of the lower steel wheel through a chain and a chain wheel.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has: the utility model discloses portable mining courtyard tunnelling operation cage reasonable in design, convenient to use only needs to carry out in the work progress whole operation cage along the guide rail get into and withdraw from can, improve the loaded down with trivial details process that present courtyard circulation footage segmentation construction platform built and dismantled, improve the efficiency of construction, security and the flexibility that the courtyard tunneled, reduce the intensity of labour of workman in the limited space operation of underground.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to specific embodiments and related drawings.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the operation cage in the rock roadway according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the operation cage of the embodiment of the present invention in a use state in a sky well;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken at I-I in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line II-II of FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line III-III of FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is an elevation view of a bottom steel rib net of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a top view of a bottom steel rib net of an operating cage according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a side view of a bottom steel rib net of an embodiment of the present invention;
the reference numbers in the figures illustrate: 1-guide rail, 2-electric driving device, 3-steel wheel, 4-operation cage, 5-skeleton, 6-top steel rib net, 7-fixed anchor rod, 8-side steel rib net, 9-bottom steel rib net, 10-hinge, 11-longitudinal steel bar, 12-transverse steel plate, 13-cantilever, 14-sawtooth groove, 15-rock level and 16-raise.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the disclosure herein. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this application belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an", and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.
As shown in fig. 1-9, a movable mining raise tunneling operation cage comprises an operation cage 4, wherein an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel are mounted on the side portion of the operation cage, and an electric driving device 2 for driving the lower steel wheel is mounted at the bottom of the operation cage 4. The utility model discloses the courtyard that says indicates the mining technical field and is greater than 55 degrees steeply inclined courtyard engineering, including ventilation courtyard, pedestrian's courtyard, drop shaft, filling well, cutting well. The operation cage needs to be matched with a guide rail installed on site for use, the guide rail is fixed on a rock roadway and a patio upper plate through a fixed anchor rod 7, and a cantilever of the operation cage and the fixed anchor rods of the guide rail are distributed on two sides of the guide rail. During construction, a first footage of the patio is constructed upwards in a rock roadway by adopting a drilling and blasting method, then guide rails are arranged on the rock roadway and the first footage of the patio, an operation cage is arranged on the guide rails, the operation cage is lifted into the patio for circular footage subsection construction, an operator uses a bottom plate steel rib net of the operation cage as a working platform, guide rail installation and temporary support anchor rods or anchor cables are installed when construction of one footage is finished, and permanent support anchor rod installation of the patio is finished after the patio is communicated. The movable mining courtyard tunneling operation cage adopts a whole structure, only the whole operation cage needs to enter and exit along a guide rail in the construction process, the complex procedures of building and disassembling the conventional courtyard circulation footage segmental construction platform are improved, the construction efficiency and safety of courtyard tunneling are improved, the labor intensity of workers in underground limited space operation is reduced, and the flexibility and safety of courtyard circulation footage segmental construction are realized.
In this embodiment, the work cage 4 comprises a framework 5, a side steel rib net 8, a bottom steel rib net 9 and a top steel rib net 6; a cantilever 13 for mounting an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel is welded on the side part of the operation cage 4; the bottom steel rib net inclines downwards close to the steel wheel side, and the included angle between the bottom steel rib net and the side steel rib net is consistent with the inclination angle of the patio. The operation cage 4 is in a falling state in the rock roadway, and the bottom steel rib net 9 is positioned on the side face at the moment; the operation cage 4 is in a standing working state in the raise, and the bottom steel rib net 9 is in a horizontal state at the moment.
In the embodiment, the side steel rib nets, the bottom steel rib net and the top steel rib net are all formed by welding longitudinal steel bars 11 and transverse steel plates 12; the transverse steel plate of the bottom steel rib net is positioned above the longitudinal steel bars, and the upper side of the transverse steel plate is provided with a sawtooth groove 14.
In the embodiment, the diameter of the longitudinal steel bar is 8-10 mm, the distance is 15-20 cm, the thickness of the transverse steel plate is 2.5-3 mm, and the width is 3-3.5 cm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the side steel rib net is 20 cm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the top steel rib net is 10 cm; the horizontal steel sheet interval of bottom steel rib net is 5cm, and 4 intensity height of whole operation cage, reliable and stable, the security is high, can protect operation personnel safety in the work progress.
In this embodiment, electric drive device provides the power of traveling for the operation cage, installs the driving motor in the driving box including the drive case, and the driving box passes through hinged joint with the operation cage, and driving motor's main shaft passes through chain and sprocket drive with the pivot of lower steel wheel and connects. The electric driving device is also provided with a brake device or a holding device for clamping or holding the steel wheel, so that the operation cage can be stably kept at a certain position; the brake or the holding device is prior art, and the structure and the distance thereof are not specifically described herein.
In addition to other claims, if a numerical range is disclosed, the disclosed numerical range is a preferred numerical range, and any person skilled in the art should understand that: the preferred ranges are merely those values which are obvious or representative of the technical effects which can be achieved. Because numerical value is more, can't be exhaustive, so the utility model discloses just disclose some numerical values with the illustration the technical scheme of the utility model to, the numerical value that the aforesaid was enumerated should not constitute right the utility model discloses create the restriction of protection scope.
The utility model discloses if disclose or related to mutual fixed connection's spare part or structure, then, except that other the note, fixed connection can understand: a detachable fixed connection (for example using bolts or screws) is also understood as: non-detachable fixed connections (e.g. riveting, welding) can, of course, also be replaced by one-piece structures (e.g. manufactured in one piece using a casting process) (unless it is obvious that one-piece processes cannot be used).
In addition, the terms used in any aspect of the present disclosure as described above to indicate positional relationships or shapes include similar, analogous, or approximate states or shapes unless otherwise stated.
The utility model provides an arbitrary part both can be assembled by a plurality of solitary component parts and form, also can be the solitary part that the integrated into one piece technology was made.
The foregoing is directed to preferred embodiments of the present invention, other and further embodiments of the invention may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims that follow. However, any simple modification, equivalent change and modification of the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention are within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a portable mining raise tunnelling operation cage which characterized in that: the device comprises an operation cage, wherein an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel are arranged on the side part of the operation cage, and an electric driving device for driving the lower steel wheel is arranged at the bottom of the operation cage; the operation cage comprises a framework, a side steel rib net, a bottom steel rib net and a top steel rib net; a cantilever for mounting an upper steel wheel and a lower steel wheel is welded on the side part of the operation cage; the bottom steel rib net inclines downwards close to the steel wheel side, and the included angle between the bottom steel rib net and the side steel rib net is consistent with the inclination angle of the patio.
2. The mobile mining raise tunneling operation cage according to claim 1, wherein: the side steel rib net, the bottom steel rib net and the top steel rib net are formed by welding longitudinal steel bars and transverse steel plates; the transverse steel plate of the bottom steel rib net is positioned above the longitudinal steel bars and the upper side of the transverse steel plate is provided with a sawtooth groove.
3. The mobile mining raise tunneling operation cage according to claim 2, wherein: the diameter of the longitudinal steel bar is 8-10 mm, the distance is 15-20 cm, the thickness of the transverse steel plate is 2.5-3 mm, and the width is 3-3.5 cm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the side steel rib net is 20 cmcm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the top steel rib net is 10 cm; the distance between the transverse steel plates of the bottom steel rib net is 5 cm.
4. The mobile mining raise tunneling operation cage according to claim 1, wherein: the electric driving device comprises a driving box and a driving motor, wherein the driving box is arranged in the driving box, the driving box is connected with the operation cage through a hinge, and a main shaft of the driving motor is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft of the lower steel wheel through a chain and a chain wheel.
CN202123206733.5U 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 Movable mining raise tunneling operation cage Active CN217322988U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123206733.5U CN217322988U (en) 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 Movable mining raise tunneling operation cage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202123206733.5U CN217322988U (en) 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 Movable mining raise tunneling operation cage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN217322988U true CN217322988U (en) 2022-08-30

Family

ID=82989541

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202123206733.5U Active CN217322988U (en) 2021-12-20 2021-12-20 Movable mining raise tunneling operation cage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN217322988U (en)

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