CN104832172B - A kind of fast and safely driving system and method - Google Patents

A kind of fast and safely driving system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104832172B
CN104832172B CN201510252411.4A CN201510252411A CN104832172B CN 104832172 B CN104832172 B CN 104832172B CN 201510252411 A CN201510252411 A CN 201510252411A CN 104832172 B CN104832172 B CN 104832172B
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prosthomere
base
development machine
back timber
deutomerite
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CN104832172A (en
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张希望
薛庆生
高扬
史云龙
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Liaoning Xinfeng Mining (group) Co Ltd
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Liaoning Xinfeng Mining (group) Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of fast and safely driving system and method, including suspension device, development machine, an operating carrier aircraft, two operating carrier aircrafts, belt feeder;The suspension device includes prosthomere, three parts of middle section and deutomerite;Development machine, an operating carrier aircraft are arranged on below suspension device;The afterbody of one fortune loading machine interlocks with two fortune loading machines;The afterbody of two fortune loading machines interlocks with belt feeder;It is an advantage of the invention that:The present invention can make development machine headwork and play the work of anchor pole while carrying out, and development machine beats anchor pole without shutting down to wait, and the driving speed of development machine is exactly the speed of digging footage, improves the operating efficiency of development machine;Empty top operation is avoided, security is improve.

Description

A kind of fast and safely driving system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of mining equipment, specifically a kind of driving system and method.
Background technology
Current country's colliery driving method mainly has two kinds:One kind is excavated using development machine;It is a kind of still using old-fashioned The tunneling method drilled and blasted.It is suspension roof support that support pattern is most when two methods are tunneled, and also partly uses metal hinge The support pattern of back timber and hydraulic prop.
Tunneled using development machine, be method that current National emphasis colliery generally uses using suspension roof support.But from mesh From the point of view of preceding driving, support process, driving and supporting alternately can only have impact on the job schedule of development machine.If driving Piggyback temporary support device is not equipped with machine, the phenomenon of operating against regulations that also there is empty top operation when beating anchor pole.To safety in production Bring very big hidden danger.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fast and safely driving system and method, specifically Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of fast and safely driving system, it is characterised in that:Including suspension device, development machine, an operating carrier aircraft, two operatings Carrier aircraft, belt feeder;The suspension device includes prosthomere, three parts of middle section and deutomerite;Development machine, an operating carrier aircraft are arranged on branch Below protection unit;The afterbody of one fortune loading machine interlocks with two fortune loading machines;The afterbody of two fortune loading machines interlocks with belt feeder;
The prosthomere is brettis, including base, multiple telescopic column, one group of back timber, two groups of advancing jacks;Back timber Front end sets upset front-axle beam, and extensible canopy is set in upset front-axle beam, and top beam rear end sets fork-shaped cantilever beam, and multiple telescopic columns are vertical It is fixed on base, telescopic column is fixedly arranged above back timber;The advancing jack is arranged on base;
The middle section is also brettis;Including base, multiple telescopic columns, one group of back timber, two groups of advancing jacks;Top Fork-shaped cantilever beam is set, multiple telescopic columns are vertically fixed on base, telescopic column is fixedly arranged above top before or after beam Beam;The fork-shaped cantilever beam of middle section is staggered with the fork-shaped cantilever beam of prosthomere;The base of middle section and the advancing jack of prosthomere Piston is connected;
Deutomerite includes two bases, multigroup column, back timber, multi-section hydraulic jumbolters;Column is fixed on base;Back timber It is hinged with column;There is extensible canopy at the two ends of back timber;Multi-section hydraulic jumbolter is set in the support frame of deutomerite;
The both sides of the development machine set excavator;
The side face of prosthomere is provided with net laying mechanism, and by lapping winch, pull rope, is returned at bail the net laying mechanism Close back car, pulley etc. composition.
The base of prosthomere is made up of three pieces of base plates, and three blocks of plates are linked into an entirety by folding;It is middle in three pieces of base plates It is common case structure, the base plate top of both sides increased a casing for elongate in shape, and length is identical with base plate, the two casees Advancing jack is respectively arranged with body.
The support frame of deutomerite is arranged on slideway and is driven by being arranged on the advancing jack on middle section;Hydraulic anchor Rig is fixed on drilling machine base, and drilling machine base is fixed on driving chain;Driving chain is by fluid motor-driven;Drilling machine base and guiding Rod set is connect, and guide post is fixed on support base;Guide post lower section sets buffing pad, and spring is set between buffing pad and support base.
The afterbody of two operating carrier aircrafts sets road wheel, and the road wheel is overlapped on the longeron of belt feeder.
The present invention further discloses a kind of fast and safely driving system method, comprise the following steps:
A. development machine is arranged in brettis, and development machine carries out supporting when working by brettis, and development machine is in pile formula Support front end carries out headwork, is shut down after once tunneling 2 meters;Two Special diggers are set in working face, respectively with pick Enter machine to work together, be responsible for pushing the slag of tunnel both sides in the shovel board of development machine;
B. prosthomere is moved, prosthomere brettis is first unloaded into top, now, middle section and deutomerite support frame are to be in connect dome-shaped State;Two advancing jacks of prosthomere are manipulated simultaneously to stretch out, and promote prosthomere reach;The 2 meters of empty top zones domain tunneled is carried out into supporting;This When, the fork-shaped cantilever beam on prosthomere back timber is moved forward with back timber, the top board vacated by second section brettis fork-shaped Cantilever beam undertakes;After the movement of prosthomere equipment, prosthomere brettis connects top;
C. saved in moving, middle section equipment needs simultaneously mobile with deutomerite;Now, prosthomere is in and connects dome-shaped state;Middle section is with after The support frame of section unloads top, and two advancing jacks of prosthomere are retracted to be saved in pulling and moved forward simultaneously with deutomerite simultaneously;After equipment movement, Middle section and deutomerite connect top;
D. lapping, the net laying mechanism set using first segment brettis side, the bail on 2 groups of pull ropes is beaten Open, through in the mesh of wire netting one end, wire netting and pull rope are coupled together, wire netting is drawn to back timber by shake winch Top, redundance cut, wire netting is connected together with original wire netting with iron wire;Again with winch of pulling back by pull rope Retract, prepare lapping next time;
E. while development machine works, the assembled bolt rig on back support framework starts to play anchor pole operation;
F. repeat above step and start the work of the second wheel development machine.
It is an advantage of the invention that:The present invention can make development machine headwork and play the work of anchor pole while carrying out, and tunnel Machine beats anchor pole without shutting down to wait, and the driving speed of development machine is exactly the speed of digging footage, improves the work effect of development machine Rate;Empty top operation is avoided, security is improve.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is suspension device structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is enlarged drawing at N in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is enlarged drawing at M in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Illustrate the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, as shown in figs 1 to 6, the present invention include suspension device, development machine 1, The one operating operating of carrier aircraft 2, two carrier aircraft 4, belt feeder 5;The suspension device includes prosthomere 9, middle section 10 and 11 3 parts of deutomerite; The operating of a development machine 1, carrier aircraft 2 is arranged on below suspension device;The afterbody of one fortune loading machine 2 interlocks with two fortune loading machines 4;Two fortune The afterbody of loading machine 4 interlocks with belt feeder 5;
The prosthomere 9 is brettis, including base 3, multiple telescopic columns 6, one group of back timber 7, fork-shaped cantilever beam 15, two Group advancing jack 14;Multiple telescopic columns 6 are vertically fixed on base 3, telescopic column 6 be fixedly arranged above back timber 7 and fork Shape cantilever beam 15;The advancing jack 14 is set on the base 3;In the present embodiment, prosthomere support has a base, and four are stretched Contracting column, one group of back timber, two groups of advancing jack compositions.
Wherein base 3 is made up of three pieces of base plates, and three blocks of plates are linked into an entirety by folding, is assembled after transporting to scene.Three In block plate, middle is common case structure, and the plate top of both sides increased a casing for elongate in shape, length and base plate phase Together.Advancing jack 14 is respectively arranged with the two casings.
Four telescopic columns are arranged on the bar shaped casing of base, and telescopic column 6 is connected by double with base bar shaped casing Bearing pin pattern, makes telescopic column 6 keep and the perpendicular positioning of base 3.
Back timber 7 uses tower structure, and three block frames are connected into a rigid overall structure by folding.Back timber rear portion There is fork-shaped cantilever beam 15.It is connected with the top of telescopic column 6 using connecting rod-double pin axle mode, to ensure when 4 telescopic verticals When post 6 stretches out different height, back timber reaches inclination job requirements.
Back timber front end sets upset front-axle beam 91, there is extensible canopy 92 in upset front-axle beam 91, and top beam rear end sets fork-shaped cantilever beam 15th, two groups of advancing jacks;Overturning the setting of front-axle beam can ensure that the front portion of back timber is adapted to different geological states, and and flexible Beam 92 combines, further the head section of protection excavator.
The middle section is also brettis;Including base 3, multiple telescopic columns 6, one group of back timber 7, fork-shaped cantilever beam 15, Two groups of advancing jacks 14;Multiple telescopic columns 6 are vertically fixed on base 3, telescopic column 6 be fixedly arranged above back timber 7 and Fork-shaped cantilever beam 15;The fork-shaped cantilever beam 15 of middle section 10 is staggered with the fork-shaped cantilever beam 15 of prosthomere;It is middle section 10 base 3 with The piston connection of the advancing jack 14 of prosthomere 9;
In the present embodiment, the physical dimension of middle section is essentially identical with prosthomere;It is simply anterior equipped with fork-shaped cantilever beam in back timber; And it is staggeredly placed with the fork-shaped cantilever beam of prosthomere;Fork-shaped cantilever beam can also be respectively provided with before and after back timber;Also can be independent Fork-shaped cantilever beam is set after back timber;
Deutomerite 11 includes two bases 3, multigroup column, back timber 7, multi-section hydraulic jumbolters 161;Column is fixed on base On 3;Back timber 7 is hinged with column;There is extensible canopy 15 at the two ends of back timber;Multi-section hydraulic jumbolter is set in the support frame of deutomerite 161;Advancing jack 14 is set between deutomerite 11 and middle section 10;
In the present embodiment, deutomerite includes two bases, two groups of columns, back timber, multi-section hydraulic jumbolter compositions.
Base is two independent parts, and each base is hinged by two groups of bearing pins with column.Back timber is also by two groups Bearing pin is hinged with column, makes an entirety;The right extensible canopy in two ends of back timber can withstand lateral wall, adjustment support frame Position and posture.
Because development machine 1 works in brettis, tuning is restricted by certain, therefore the slag of tunnel both sides cannot Transport, therefore two excavators 8 are set in working face, worked together with development machine respectively, be responsible for dialling in the slag of tunnel both sides Onto the shovel board of development machine.
The both sides of the development machine 1 set excavator 8.The excavator 8 can be used Patent No. ZL201010602086.7, the product produced by Liaoning Xinfeng Coal Mine Electrical Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd..
The side face of prosthomere 9 is provided with net laying mechanism, and by lapping winch, pull rope, is returned at bail the net laying mechanism Close back car, pulley etc. composition.
The base 3 of prosthomere is made up of three pieces of base plates, and three blocks of plates are linked into an entirety by folding;It is middle in three pieces of base plates Be common case structure, the base plate top of both sides increased a casing for elongate in shape, and length is identical with base plate, the two Advancing jack 14 is respectively arranged with casing.
The support frame of deutomerite is arranged on slideway and is driven by being arranged on the advancing jack 14 on middle section 10, so as to Conveniently set up the position for beating anchor pole;The hydraulic jumbolter 161 is fixed on drilling machine base 162, and the drilling machine base 162 is fixed On driving chain 164;The driving chain 164 is driven by hydraulic motor 167;Drilling machine base 162 is socketed with guide post 163, leads It is fixed on support base 168 to bar 163;The lower section of guide post 163 sets buffing pad 165, is set between buffing pad 165 and support base 168 Put spring 166.Back timber is also to be hinged with column by two groups of bearing pins, makes an entirety.The right extensible canopy in two ends of back timber Lateral wall can be withstood, position and the posture of support frame is adjusted.
The afterbody of two operating carrier aircrafts sets road wheel 20, and the road wheel 20 is overlapped on the longeron of belt feeder 5.
The present invention further discloses a kind of fast and safely driving system method, comprise the following steps:
A. development machine is arranged in brettis, and development machine carries out supporting when working by brettis, and development machine is in pile formula Support front end carries out headwork, is shut down after once tunneling 2 meters;Two Special diggers are set in working face, with development machine Work together, be responsible for pushing the slag of tunnel both sides in the shovel board of development machine;
B. prosthomere is moved, prosthomere brettis is first unloaded into top, now, middle section and deutomerite support frame are to be in connect dome-shaped State;Two advancing jacks of prosthomere are manipulated simultaneously to stretch out, and promote prosthomere reach;The 2 meters of empty top zones domain tunneled is carried out into supporting;This When, the fork-shaped cantilever beam on prosthomere back timber is moved forward with back timber, the top board vacated by second section brettis fork-shaped Cantilever beam undertakes;After the movement of prosthomere equipment, prosthomere brettis connects top;
C. saved in moving, middle section equipment needs simultaneously mobile with deutomerite;Now, prosthomere is in and connects dome-shaped state;Middle section is with after The support frame of section unloads top, and two advancing jacks of prosthomere are retracted to be saved in pulling and moved forward simultaneously with deutomerite simultaneously;After equipment movement, Middle section and deutomerite connect top;
D. lapping, the net laying mechanism set using first segment brettis side, the bail on 2 groups of pull ropes is beaten Open, through in the mesh of wire netting one end, wire netting and pull rope are coupled together, wire netting is drawn to back timber by shake winch Top, redundance cut, wire netting is connected together with original wire netting with iron wire;Again with winch of pulling back by pull rope Retract, prepare lapping next time;
E. while development machine works, the assembled bolt rig on back support framework starts to play anchor pole operation;
F. repeat above step and start the work of the second wheel development machine.
In brief, it follow these steps to carry out:
Development machine work (while beating anchor pole) → shut down → passage brettis → lapping → development machine work is (while make anchor Bar).

Claims (3)

1. one kind fast and safely driving system, it is characterised in that:Carried including suspension device, development machine, an operating carrier aircraft, two operatings Machine, belt feeder;The suspension device includes prosthomere, three parts of middle section and deutomerite;Development machine, an operating carrier aircraft are arranged on supporting Below device;The afterbody of one fortune loading machine interlocks with two fortune loading machines;The afterbody of two fortune loading machines interlocks with belt feeder;
The prosthomere is brettis, including base, multiple telescopic column, one group of back timber, two groups of advancing jacks;Back timber front end Upset front-axle beam is set, extensible canopy is set in upset front-axle beam, top beam rear end sets fork-shaped cantilever beam, and multiple telescopic columns are vertically fixed On base, telescopic column is fixedly arranged above back timber;The advancing jack is arranged on base;
The middle section is also brettis;Including base, multiple telescopic columns, one group of back timber, two groups of advancing jacks;Before back timber And/or it is rear fork-shaped cantilever beam is set, multiple telescopic columns are vertically fixed on base, and telescopic column is fixedly arranged above back timber; The fork-shaped cantilever beam of middle section is staggered with the fork-shaped cantilever beam of prosthomere;The piston of the base of middle section and the advancing jack of prosthomere Connection;
Deutomerite includes two bases, multigroup column, back timber, multi-section hydraulic jumbolters;Column is fixed on base;Back timber with it is vertical It is column articulated;There is extensible canopy at the two ends of back timber;Multi-section hydraulic jumbolter is set in the support frame of deutomerite;
The both sides of the development machine set excavator;
The side face of prosthomere is provided with net laying mechanism, and the net laying mechanism is by lapping winch, pull rope, bail, strand of pulling back Car, pulley etc. are constituted;The base of prosthomere is made up of three pieces of base plates, and three pieces of base plates are linked into an entirety by folding;Three pieces of base plates In, middle is common case structure, and the base plate top of both sides increased a casing for elongate in shape, length and base plate phase Together, it is respectively arranged with advancing jack in the two casings;The support frame of deutomerite is arranged on slideway and by being arranged on middle section Advancing jack drives;Hydraulic jumbolter is fixed on drilling machine base, and drilling machine base is fixed on driving chain;Driving chain by Fluid motor-driven;Drilling machine base is socketed with guide post, and guide post is fixed on support base;Guide post lower section sets buffing pad, delays Spring is set between red seat and support base.
2. fast and safely driving system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The afterbody of two operating carrier aircrafts sets walking Wheel, the road wheel is overlapped on the longeron of belt feeder.
3. one kind fast and safely driving system method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A. development machine is arranged in brettis, and development machine carries out supporting when working by brettis, and development machine is in brettis Front end carries out headwork, is shut down after once tunneling 2 meters;Two Special diggers are set in working face, respectively with development machine Work together, be responsible for pushing the slag of tunnel both sides in the shovel board of development machine;
B. prosthomere is moved, prosthomere brettis is first unloaded into top, now, middle section and deutomerite support frame are to be in connect dome-shaped state;Together When manipulate two advancing jacks of prosthomere stretch out, promote prosthomere reach;The 2 meters of empty top zones domain tunneled is carried out into supporting;Now, it is preceding Section back timber on fork-shaped cantilever beam moved forward with back timber, the top board vacated by second section brettis fork-shaped cantilever beam Undertake;After the movement of prosthomere equipment, prosthomere brettis connects top;
C. saved in moving, middle section equipment needs simultaneously mobile with deutomerite;Now, prosthomere is in and connects dome-shaped state;Middle section and deutomerite Support frame unloads top, and two advancing jacks of prosthomere are retracted to be saved in pulling and moved forward simultaneously with deutomerite simultaneously;After equipment movement, middle section Top is connect with deutomerite;
D. lapping, the net laying mechanism set using first segment brettis side is opened the bail on 2 groups of pull ropes, is worn To in the mesh of wire netting one end, wire netting and pull rope are coupled together, wire netting is drawn to the upper of back timber by shake winch Side, redundance is cut, and wire netting is connected together with original wire netting with iron wire;Pull rope is drawn with winch of pulling back again Return, prepare lapping next time;
E. while development machine works, the assembled bolt rig on back support framework starts to play anchor pole operation;
F. repeat above step and start the work of the second wheel development machine.
CN201510252411.4A 2015-05-15 2015-05-15 A kind of fast and safely driving system and method Active CN104832172B (en)

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107387080A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-11-24 辽宁鑫丰矿业(集团)有限公司 Loading conveyer and coal mining induction system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201344032Y (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-11-11 三一重型装备有限公司 Complete device integrating the tunneling, protection and anchoring
CN201857975U (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-06-08 吕国定 Supported comprehensive tunnel boring machine
CN202023559U (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-11-02 吕国安 Comprehensive dig-anchor machine
CN102606152A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-07-25 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Novel quick digging and anchoring integrated machine for rectangular coal roadway
CN203742636U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-30 蒲长晏 Tunneling, supporting and anchoring integrated unit
CN204691766U (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-10-07 辽宁鑫丰矿业(集团)有限公司 One is driving system fast and safely

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201344032Y (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-11-11 三一重型装备有限公司 Complete device integrating the tunneling, protection and anchoring
CN201857975U (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-06-08 吕国定 Supported comprehensive tunnel boring machine
CN202023559U (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-11-02 吕国安 Comprehensive dig-anchor machine
CN102606152A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-07-25 中铁隧道装备制造有限公司 Novel quick digging and anchoring integrated machine for rectangular coal roadway
CN203742636U (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-07-30 蒲长晏 Tunneling, supporting and anchoring integrated unit
CN204691766U (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-10-07 辽宁鑫丰矿业(集团)有限公司 One is driving system fast and safely

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