CN216687807U - Ecological side ditch system - Google Patents

Ecological side ditch system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216687807U
CN216687807U CN202023205053.7U CN202023205053U CN216687807U CN 216687807 U CN216687807 U CN 216687807U CN 202023205053 U CN202023205053 U CN 202023205053U CN 216687807 U CN216687807 U CN 216687807U
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China
Prior art keywords
septic tank
layer
side ditch
water outlet
ecological
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CN202023205053.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
申海洋
张志勇
孙丕晏
冯时
耶律根迪
江涛
陈坤
曾林
楚占旭
张学东
高政瑞
尹晓斌
邹德海
邢翰文
李显华
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PowerChina 14th Bureau Urban Construction Investment Co Ltd
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PowerChina 14th Bureau Urban Construction Investment Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

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Abstract

The utility model provides an ecological side ditch system which comprises a septic tank and an artificial ecological side ditch, wherein the septic tank comprises a sewage inlet and a septic tank water outlet, the artificial ecological side ditch is provided with a side ditch water inlet, the side ditch water inlet is communicated with the septic tank water outlet through a connecting pipeline, the artificial ecological side ditch sequentially comprises a planting soil layer, a coarse sand layer, a gravel layer and a pebble layer from top to bottom, and the average thickness of the pebble layer is greater than that of the planting soil layer, the coarse sand layer and the gravel layer. The ecological side ditch system provided by the utility model better realizes the combination of the septic tank and the ecological side ditch, widens the application field of the treated septic wastewater, can be used for crop growth water of the ecological side ditch, and can better achieve the double effects of greening the environment and saving water.

Description

Ecological side ditch system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of ecological engineering, in particular to an ecological side ditch system.
Background
With the improvement of the rural living standard of China, the sewage discharge amount of the rural area is increased day by day, but because of the shortage of rural sewage treatment funds and the thinness of the rural water environment protection consciousness, the sewage treatment system lacks effective management and treatment capacity, and basically has no complete domestic sewage collection system and treatment facility. Untreated domestic sewage is discharged randomly, seriously pollutes the ecological environment of rural areas, and directly influences the physical health of vast farmers and the economic development of rural areas. On one hand, a part of untreated domestic sewage is naturally evaporated, and a part of untreated domestic sewage flows into the side ditch of the road along the low-lying position and is directly discharged to the river body, so that the water quality of the river body is seriously polluted; on the other hand, referring to the urban sewage treatment plant, a small sewage treatment system is constructed, but the operation cost is too high, and professional personnel are required to take charge of operation management, so that most sewage treatment stations are in stagnant operation after being constructed.
The side ditches are longitudinal ditches which are arranged on the outer side of an excavated roadbed or on the outer side of a toe of a low embankment and are used for collecting and removing a small amount of surface water in a roadbed range and flowing to the roadbed, and most of the existing highway cutting side ditches in China are rectangular or trapezoidal grout-built side ditches. The existing side ditch is not well combined with a septic tank, so that the effects of protecting ecology and saving water can not be realized well.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the utility model provides an ecological gutter system with the integration of greening and sewage treatment.
The utility model provides an ecological side ditch system which comprises a septic tank and an artificial ecological side ditch, wherein the septic tank comprises a sewage inlet and a septic tank water outlet, the artificial ecological side ditch is provided with a side ditch water inlet, the side ditch water inlet is communicated with the septic tank water outlet through a connecting pipeline, the artificial ecological side ditch sequentially comprises a planting soil layer, a coarse sand layer, a gravel layer and a pebble layer from top to bottom, and the average thickness of the pebble layer is greater than that of the planting soil layer, the coarse sand layer and the gravel layer.
Preferably, the average thickness of the pebble layer is 1.5 to 3 times of the average thickness of the planting soil layer, the coarse sand layer and the gravel layer respectively.
Preferably, the average thickness ratio of the planting soil layer, the coarse sand layer, the gravel layer and the pebble layer is (1.9-2.1): (1.9-2.1): (1.9-2.1): 4.
preferably, the ecological ditch also comprises a drainage ditch, and the drainage ditch is connected with the opening of the artificial ecological side ditch.
Preferably, the septic tank is a glass fiber reinforced plastic three-stage septic tank.
Preferably, the water outlet of the septic tank is connected with a flow control device for controlling the liquid outlet flow of the water outlet of the septic tank.
Preferably, the septic tank includes aeration dish and solar panel, the aeration dish with solar panel is connected, the aeration dish is located in the septic tank, solar panel is located outside the septic tank.
Preferably, the septic tank includes cell body and filter equipment, the cell body is including the one-level cell body, second grade cell body, the tertiary cell body that connect gradually, filter equipment locates in the one-level cell body, the filter equipment bottom is equipped with first water inlet, and the top is equipped with first delivery port, be provided with a plurality of board-like grids between first water inlet and the first delivery port, it is a plurality of board-like grid is by lower supreme setting up, be equipped with the filtration pore on the board-like grid, it is a plurality of the filtration pore diameter of board-like grid reduces by supreme in proper order down, the bottommost board-like grid filtration pore diameter is the biggest, be equipped with the sewage inlet port on the one-level cell body, the sewage inlet port with first water inlet is connected, the septic tank delivery port set up in on the tertiary cell body.
Preferably, a second water inlet is formed in the bottom of the second-stage tank body and connected with the first water outlet, a second water outlet is formed in the top of the second-stage tank body, and an anaerobic filter layer is arranged between the second water inlet and the second water outlet.
Preferably, a third water inlet is formed in the third-stage tank body and connected with the second water outlet, a permeable membrane is arranged between the third water inlet and the water outlet of the septic tank from top to bottom, and aerobic filler is arranged between the third water inlet and the permeable membrane.
The ecological side ditch system provided by the utility model better realizes the combination of the septic tank and the ecological side ditch, widens the application field of the treated septic wastewater, can be used for crop growth water of the ecological side ditch, can further purify the water treated by the septic tank through aquatic plants planted in the side ditch, and can better achieve the double effects of greening the environment and saving the water.
Drawings
The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the utility model will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiments of the utility model, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout the drawings, and the drawings are not intended to be drawn to scale in actual dimensions, emphasis instead being placed upon illustrating the principles of the utility model.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an ecological gutter system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a septic tank provided by an embodiment of the utility model;
in the figure: 100. a septic tank; 200 artificial ecological side ditches; 201. planting a soil layer; 202. a coarse sand layer; 203; 204. a crushed stone layer and a pebble layer; 300. connecting a pipeline; 400. water hyacinth; 500. a drainage ditch; 1. a first-stage pool body; 2. a second-stage pool body; 3. a third-stage pool body; 4. a filtration device; 5. a cover body; 6. an aeration disc; 7. A solar panel; 11. a sewage inlet; 21. a second water inlet; 22. a second water outlet; 23. an anaerobic filter layer; 31. a third water inlet; 32. a water outlet of the septic tank; 33. a permeable membrane; 34. aerobic filling; 41. A plate grid; 42. a first water inlet; 43. a first water outlet.
Detailed Description
To facilitate an understanding of the utility model, the utility model will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. The terms "mounted," "one end," "the other end," and the like are used herein for illustrative purposes only.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the utility model. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Referring to fig. 1-2, an embodiment of the present invention provides an ecological gutter system, including a septic tank 100 and an artificial ecological gutter 200, where the septic tank 100 includes a sewage inlet 11 and a septic tank water outlet 32, the artificial ecological gutter 200 is provided with a gutter water inlet, the gutter water inlet is communicated with the septic tank water outlet 32 through a connecting pipeline 300, the artificial ecological gutter sequentially includes a planting soil layer 201, a coarse sand layer 202, a gravel layer 203 and a pebble layer 204 from top to bottom, and an average thickness of the pebble layer 204 is greater than an average thickness of the planting soil layer 201, the coarse sand layer 202 and the gravel layer 203.
The ecological side ditch system that this embodiment provided, the water after utilizing septic tank 100 to handle that can be better provides the water for artificial ecological side ditch, the effect of water and afforestation environmental protection is saved in realization that can be better. Meanwhile, the positions of the planting soil layer 201, the coarse sand layer 202, the gravel layer 203 and the pebble layer 204 and the average soil layer thickness are reasonably arranged in the artificial ecological side ditch, so that a better planting effect is realized, a certain filtering effect is also realized on water treated by the septic tank 100, and aquatic plants planted in the side ditch can play a certain purifying role on the water treated by the septic tank, so that the purification of water in the septic tank is better realized, and the environment protection is better realized. The artificial ecological side ditch of the embodiment can be used for planting the water hyacinth 400 and provides greening effect.
In a preferred embodiment, the average thickness of the pebble layer 204 is 1.5-3 times that of the planting soil layer 201, the coarse sand layer 202 and the gravel layer 203 respectively, so that a better planting effect is realized.
In a preferred embodiment, the average thickness ratio of the planting soil layer 201, the coarse sand layer 202, the gravel layer 203 and the pebble layer 204 is (1.9-2.1): (1.9-2.1): (1.9-2.1): and 4, realizing a better planting effect.
In a preferred embodiment, the ecological gutter system further comprises a drainage gutter 500, and the drainage gutter 500 is connected with the opening of the artificial ecological gutter 200, so that when the irrigation water of the artificial ecological gutter 200 is more, the irrigation water flows into the drainage gutter 500 to be collected, and the irrigation water overflowing from the artificial ecological gutter 200 is prevented from flowing to other places, which affects the appearance. In a further preferred embodiment, the drainage ditch 500 is connected with the sewage inlet 11 of the septic tank, and the wastewater collected by the drainage ditch 500 enters the artificial ecological side ditch after being treated by the septic tank again, so that water circulation is realized, and water is saved better.
In a preferred embodiment, the septic tank 100 is a glass fiber reinforced plastic three-stage septic tank.
In a preferred embodiment, a flow control device is connected to the water outlet of the septic tank 100 for controlling the liquid outlet flow of the water outlet 32 of the septic tank.
Referring to fig. 2, in a preferred embodiment, the septic tank 100 includes an aeration tray 6 and a solar panel 7, the aeration tray 6 is connected to the solar panel 7, the aeration tray 6 is located in the septic tank, and the solar panel 7 is located outside the septic tank 100. The solar panel 7 is used for supplying energy to the septic tank, providing electric power for the aeration disc 6, ensuring the stable operation of the device and saving resources.
Referring to fig. 2, in a preferred embodiment, the septic tank 200 includes a tank body and a filtering device 4, the tank body includes a first-stage tank body 1, a second-stage tank body 2, and a third-stage tank body 3, the filtering device 4 is disposed in the first-stage tank body 1, a first water inlet 42 is disposed at the bottom of the filtering device 4, a first water outlet 43 is disposed at the top of the filtering device, a plurality of plate-type gratings 41 are disposed between the first water inlet 42 and the first water outlet 43, the plurality of plate-type gratings 41 are disposed from bottom to top, filtering holes are disposed on the plate-type gratings 41, diameters of the filtering holes of the plurality of plate-type gratings 41 decrease from bottom to top in sequence, a diameter of the filtering hole of the plate-type grating 41 at the bottom is the largest, a sewage inlet port 11 is disposed on the first-stage tank body 1, and the sewage inlet port 11 is connected to the first water inlet 42. The water outlet 32 of the septic tank is arranged on the third-stage tank body 3.
In this embodiment, domestic sewage enters the first-stage tank body 1 of the septic tank 100 after passing through the pretreatment system, and after the sewage stays for a certain time, the sewage is pressed into the filtering device 4 by pressure in the first-stage tank body 1 to perform solid-liquid separation. The board-like grid 41 on the filter equipment 4 can hold back great granule suspended solid and fibrous relevant object, gets rid of the suspended solid of big granule step by step through the board-like grid 41 of the different diameters of multilayer, protects subsequent equipment, prevents to block up, and utilizes pressure to carry out solid-liquid separation, and the separation effect is better.
Referring to fig. 2, in a preferred embodiment, a second water inlet 21 is disposed at the bottom of the secondary tank body 2, the second water inlet 21 is connected to a first water outlet 43, a second water outlet 22 is disposed at the top of the secondary tank body 2, and an anaerobic filtering layer is disposed between the second water inlet 21 and the second water outlet 22.
Referring to fig. 2, in a preferred embodiment, a third water inlet 31 is provided on the third stage tank body 3, the third water inlet 31 is connected to the second water outlet 22, a third water outlet 32 is further provided on the third stage tank body 3, a permeable membrane 33 is provided between the third water inlet 31 and the third water outlet 32 from top to bottom, and an aerobic filler 34 is provided between the third water inlet 31 and the permeable membrane 33, in this embodiment, sewage after anaerobic treatment of the fermented supernatant enters the third stage tank body 3, a large amount of aerobic active microorganisms are filled on the surface of the porous suspension filler, and the sewage is treated in an aerobic and anaerobic alternate environment to form a nitrification reaction and a denitrification reaction in a micro-space, so as to realize a short-range "nitrification and denitrification" to achieve an effect of removing pollutants.
Referring to fig. 2, in a preferred embodiment, the septic tank 100 further includes an aeration pipe, the aeration pipe is provided with an aeration disc 6, the aeration pipe is disposed under the third-stage tank body 3, the aeration disc 6 penetrates the bottom of the third-stage tank body 3 and extends into the third-stage tank body 3 to form an aeration environment for the third-stage tank body 3, and under the aerobic aeration condition, the organic matters which cannot be removed or cannot be removed in time by anaerobic treatment are mineralized by the metabolism of microorganisms, so as to achieve the purpose of biodegradation.
Referring to fig. 2, in a preferred embodiment, the septic tank 100 further comprises a motor and a blower, the motor is connected with the blower, the blower is connected with the aeration pipeline, the air volume required by the third stage tank body 3 is provided by the blower, organic pollutants in the sewage are thoroughly decomposed into carbon dioxide and water through multiple coupling reactions of aerobic and anaerobic processes, and the clear water in the sedimentation tank flows into the clear water chamber for centralized treatment.
In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may be directly contacting the first and second features or indirectly contacting the first and second features through intervening media. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the description herein, reference to the description of the terms "preferred embodiment," "yet another embodiment," "other embodiments," or "specific examples," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the application. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Although embodiments of the present application have been shown and described above, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present application, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations may be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art within the scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. An ecological side ditch system is characterized by comprising a septic tank and an artificial ecological side ditch, wherein the septic tank comprises a sewage inlet and a septic tank water outlet, the artificial ecological side ditch is provided with a side ditch water inlet, the side ditch water inlet is communicated with the septic tank water outlet through a connecting pipeline, the artificial ecological side ditch sequentially comprises a planting soil layer, a coarse sand layer, a gravel layer and a pebble layer from top to bottom, and the average thickness of the pebble layer is greater than that of the planting soil layer, the coarse sand layer and the gravel layer;
the ecological side ditch system also comprises a drainage ditch, the drainage ditch is connected with an opening of the artificial ecological side ditch, and the drainage ditch is connected with a sewage inlet of the septic tank;
the water outlet of the septic tank is connected with a flow control device for controlling the liquid outlet flow of the water outlet of the septic tank.
2. The ecological gutter system according to claim 1, wherein the pebble layer has an average thickness of 1.5 to 3 times that of the planting soil layer, the course sand layer and the gravel layer, respectively.
3. The ecological gutter system according to claim 1, wherein the average thickness ratio of the planting soil layer, the coarse sand layer, the gravel layer and the pebble layer is (1.9-2.1): (1.9-2.1): (1.9-2.1): 4.
4. the ecological gutter system according to claim 1, wherein the septic tank is a glass fiber reinforced plastic three-stage septic tank.
5. The ecological gutter system according to claim 1, wherein the septic tank comprises an aeration pan and a solar panel, the aeration pan being connected to the solar panel, the aeration pan being located within the septic tank, the solar panel being located outside the septic tank.
6. The ecological gutter system according to claim 1, wherein the septic tank comprises a tank body and a filtering device, the tank body comprises a primary tank body, a secondary tank body and a tertiary tank body which are connected in sequence, the filtering device is arranged in the primary tank body, a first water inlet is arranged at the bottom of the filtering device, a first water outlet is arranged at the top of the filtering device, a plurality of plate-type grids are arranged between the first water inlet and the first water outlet, the plurality of plate-type grids are arranged from bottom to top, filtering holes are arranged on the plate-type grids, the diameters of the filtering holes of the plurality of plate-type grids are sequentially reduced from bottom to top, the diameter of the filtering hole of the plate-type grid at the bottommost is the largest, a sewage inlet port is arranged on the primary tank body, the sewage inlet port is connected with the first water inlet, and the septic tank water outlet is arranged on the tertiary tank body.
7. The ecological gutter system as claimed in claim 6, wherein the secondary tank body is provided with a second water inlet at the bottom thereof, the second water inlet is connected to the first water outlet, the secondary tank body is provided with a second water outlet at the top thereof, and an anaerobic filter layer is provided between the second water inlet and the second water outlet.
8. The ecological gutter system according to claim 7, wherein a third water inlet is arranged on the third stage tank body, the third water inlet is connected with the second water outlet, a permeable membrane is arranged between the third water inlet and the septic tank water outlet from top to bottom, and aerobic filler is arranged between the third water inlet and the permeable membrane.
CN202023205053.7U 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Ecological side ditch system Active CN216687807U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023205053.7U CN216687807U (en) 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Ecological side ditch system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023205053.7U CN216687807U (en) 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Ecological side ditch system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216687807U true CN216687807U (en) 2022-06-07

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ID=81822224

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202023205053.7U Active CN216687807U (en) 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Ecological side ditch system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216687807U (en)

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