CN216104585U - Plate turnover machine - Google Patents

Plate turnover machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216104585U
CN216104585U CN202122673272.6U CN202122673272U CN216104585U CN 216104585 U CN216104585 U CN 216104585U CN 202122673272 U CN202122673272 U CN 202122673272U CN 216104585 U CN216104585 U CN 216104585U
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China
Prior art keywords
rotating arm
driving device
turnover machine
turnover
panel turnover
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CN202122673272.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李彬
孙春凤
乔昌文
王辉
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Himile Mechanical Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Himile Mechanical Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202122673272.6U priority Critical patent/CN216104585U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a plate turnover machine, which relates to the technical field of production of high-speed railway track plates and comprises a turnover mechanism, wherein the turnover mechanism comprises a rotating arm, the rotating arm is rotatably connected to a base, a turnover driving device is hinged to the base, and one end of the rotating arm is hinged to a telescopic part of the turnover driving device; the other end of the rotating arm is provided with a bearing part; the track plate anchor sealing conveyor line can be matched and connected with an anchor sealing conveyor line of a track plate, the collision problem of the track plate is avoided, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the dangerous operation that a travelling crane carries out inclined pulling and inclined hanging is avoided, and the production safety of the track plate is improved.

Description

Plate turnover machine
Technical Field
The utility model discloses a plate turnover machine, and relates to the technical field of production of high-speed railway track plates.
Background
The ballastless track slab is widely applied to high-speed railways in the world due to high smoothness, high stability and less maintenance. However, most of the prefabricated track slabs are made of high-grade concrete, the drying shrinkage of the prefabricated track slabs is serious, the heat release amount is also large, and once the prefabricated track slabs are maintained improperly, serious initial defects are likely to occur. In order to improve the prefabrication quality, in the industry, generally, after concrete has certain strength, the track slab is immersed in a water curing pool for curing, so that the track slab is relieved from drying shrinkage, and the temperature of the track slab is reduced. However, when the rail plate is placed in the water culture pond, if the rail plate is horizontally placed, the rail plate cannot be lifted out, so that the rail plate needs to be vertically placed, and two lifting points on the side face are exposed out of the water surface, so that the space can be saved, and the rail plate can be conveniently lifted out of the water culture pond. The whole manufacturing process of the track slab needs to be horizontally placed, the track slab needs to be erected firstly before being placed into a water culture pond, the track slab is placed on a skid and directly turned up by a travelling crane in the traditional method, one side of the track slab can be supported on the skid in the process, the track slab is extremely easy to break, the travelling crane needs to be obliquely pulled and hung during turning over, and the safety is low.
In actual production, after demolding of the track plate is completed, anchor sealing operation is needed, a workshop site is provided with a conveying line, anchor sealing can be completed on the conveying line, and the track plate can be conveyed to the position near the water culture pond. And the overturning of the track slab before the track slab is placed in the water culture pond needs to firstly lift the track slab from the conveying line to the skid and overturn according to the traditional mode, and the overturning mode is not only easy to knock the track slab but also dangerous, and cannot be applied to the continuous production of the track slab and increase the floor area of the track slab production line.
In view of the above, the prior art is obviously inconvenient and disadvantageous in practical use, and needs to be improved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problems, and provides a plate turnover machine which can be matched and connected with an anchor sealing conveying line of a track plate, so that the problem of collision of the track plate is avoided, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the dangerous operation of inclined pulling and inclined hanging of a travelling crane is avoided, and the production safety of the track plate is improved.
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: a plate turnover machine comprises a turnover mechanism, wherein the turnover mechanism comprises a rotating arm, the rotating arm is rotatably connected to a base, a turnover driving device is hinged to the base, and one end of the rotating arm is hinged to a telescopic part of the turnover driving device; the other end of the rotating arm is provided with a bearing part, and the bearing part is an overturning end of the rotating arm and is used for supporting the track slab.
Furthermore, the rotating arm is provided with a lifting mechanism, and the lifting mechanism is arranged on two sides of the bearing part.
Further, elevating system includes the gyro wheel, the gyro wheel rotates to be connected on the gyro wheel seat, the flexible end of gyro wheel seat and lift drive connects, lift drive installs the inside at the swinging boom.
The buffer support seat is arranged below the rotating arm in a horizontal state, and the top surface of the buffer support seat is in contact with the bottom surface of the rotating arm in the horizontal state;
and a buffer cushion is arranged on the contact surface of the buffer support seat and the rotating arm.
Furthermore, the lifting driving device is a lifting oil cylinder, a guide shaft is fixed on the rotating arm, a guide sleeve is fixed on the roller seat, and the guide sleeve is sleeved on the guide shaft.
Furthermore, one side of the rotating arm close to the rotating axis of the rotating arm is provided with a bearing side surface, and the bearing side surface is arranged on the side part of the bearing part.
Further, the device also comprises a protective frame, wherein the protective frame is arranged on the side part of the turning-up terminal point of the rotating arm.
Further, the turnover driving device is placed in the inner cavity of the base.
Furthermore, the number of the turnover mechanisms is at least two, and the turnover mechanisms are horizontally arranged at intervals;
the turnover driving device is a turnover oil cylinder, and the turnover oil cylinder in the turnover mechanism stretches out and draws back synchronously.
Furthermore, the rotating arm is hinged with the telescopic end of the turnover oil cylinder through a front hinge, and the rotating arm is connected with the base through a first bearing assembly; the first bearing assembly is arranged at one end of the bearing part.
After the technical scheme is adopted, compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
1. the plate turnover machine can overturn the track plate by 80 degrees from the anchor sealing conveying line instead of manual work, not only can be matched and connected with the anchor sealing conveying line of the track plate, but also avoids the collision problem of the track plate, reduces the labor intensity of workers, avoids the dangerous operation of askew pulling and inclined hanging of the travelling crane, and improves the production safety of the track plate.
2. The base, the rotating arm and the overturning oil cylinder in the overturning mechanism are connected together through the hinge and the bearing assembly, so that the overturning oil cylinder has a very small stroke, the track plate is overturned by 80 degrees, the equipment size is small, and the occupied space is small.
3. If the track slab is directly overturned on the supporting wheel set of the sealing anchor conveying line, the supporting wheel set can be subjected to a large horizontal force in the overturning process, and the service life of the supporting wheel set is greatly shortened. The track plate is jacked up through the lifting mechanism and is separated from the supporting wheel set, so that the track plate is completely positioned on the plate turnover machine and then is turned over, the supporting wheel set is not damaged, the failure rate is reduced, and the problem that the supporting wheel set needs to be replaced periodically is solved;
in addition, the lifting mechanism jacks up the track plate to a position completely separated from the supporting wheel set of the anchor sealing conveying line and then turns over the track plate, so that the guide wheels are not arranged on two sides of the anchor sealing conveying line, the track plate is guaranteed not to deviate during conveying, and the track plate has the deviation problem during conveying.
4. Inside with elevating system's lift cylinder embedding swinging boom, abundant utilization the space, the integrated level is higher to make the panel turnover machine can realize compound motion, the swinging boom can overturn and the jacking again.
5. The two surfaces of the track slab are respectively a track bearing table surface and a bottom surface, the track bearing table surface is an actual use surface, and the requirement on surface quality is high, so that the track bearing table surface faces upwards when the sealing anchor conveying line conveys in order to avoid collision in the conveying process and facilitate observation of the track bearing table surface. And the bottom surface of track board then has a lot of stones, it is very coarse, like this when the upset, if there is not the gyro wheel, that the swinging boom can not swing the epaxial bearing side contact of swinging boom under less angle, only when arriving great angle, the track board just can the landing, with the contact of bearing side, but just there has very big impact this moment, lead to the track board to be knocked open, and the panel turnover machine probably causes the component impaired because of being strikeed, and the gyro wheel through elevating system, change sliding friction to rolling friction, just can make the swinging boom when very little angle, the track board just landing, with the contact of bearing side, almost not strike the production, avoided the track board because of colliding with the scrap that causes, the life of panel turnover machine has been prolonged.
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the cantilever of the present invention in a horizontal position;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the cantilever of the present invention in a flipped-up state;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the present invention (in a track plate turned-up state);
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a lift mechanism;
in the figure, the position of the upper end of the main shaft,
1-base, 2-rotating arm, 3-turning cylinder, 4-front hinge, 5-rear hinge, 6-first bearing component, 7-protective frame, 8-buffer supporting seat, 9-roller, 10-roller seat, 11-second bearing component, 12-guide sleeve, 13-guide shaft, 14-adjusting sizing block, 15-lifting cylinder, 16-dust cover, 17-supporting side face.
Detailed Description
In order to more clearly understand the technical features, objects, and effects of the present invention, embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present invention provides a plate turnover machine, which comprises a turnover mechanism, wherein the turnover mechanism is arranged on an adjusting sizing block 14, and the turnover mechanism is adjusted to be horizontal by the adjusting sizing block. The number of the turnover mechanisms is at least two, and the two turnover mechanisms are horizontally arranged at intervals.
The turnover mechanism comprises a rotary arm 2, the rotary arm 2 is connected to one end of a base 1 through a first bearing assembly 6, and the rotary arm 2 rotates around the axis of the first bearing assembly 6.
One end of the rotating arm 2 is provided with a bearing part which is used for bearing the track slab; the other end of the rotating arm 2 is hinged with a telescopic component of a turnover driving device through a front hinge 4, and the turnover driving device is hinged with the base 1 through a rear hinge 5; the first bearing assembly 6 is provided at one end of the retainer.
Preferably, the overturning driving device is an overturning oil cylinder 3, and two overturning oil cylinders 3 in the two overturning mechanisms are connected with a synchronous motor or a synchronous valve so as to ensure synchronous action and extreme position precision.
The initial state of the rotating arm 1 is a horizontal state, the plate turnover machine further comprises a buffer support seat 8, the buffer support seat 8 is arranged below the rotating arm 2 in the horizontal state, and the top surface of the buffer support seat 8 is in contact with the bottom surface of the rotating arm 2 in the horizontal state; the buffer support seat 8 is used for supporting the rotating arm 2 in a horizontal state; the contact surface of buffering supporting seat 8 and swinging boom 2 is equipped with the blotter to make buffering supporting seat 8 have vibrations and the buffering when reducing swinging boom 31 and fall back, when swinging boom 2 falls back, with the contact of buffering supporting seat 8, carry out the position to it and return to zero, guarantee that the synchronous error of two swinging booms can not accumulate.
Lifting mechanisms are arranged on two sides of a bearing part on the rotating arm 2 and are connected with the rotating arm 2 through screws, each lifting mechanism comprises a roller 9, each roller 9 is connected to a roller seat 10 through a second bearing assembly 11, each roller seat 10 is connected with a telescopic end of a lifting driving device, and each lifting driving device is installed inside the rotating arm 2 through screws; the lifting driving device is a lifting oil cylinder 15.
A guide shaft 13 is fixed on the rotating arm 2, a guide sleeve 12 is fixed on the roller seat 10, the guide sleeve 12 is sleeved on the guide shaft 13 in a sliding manner, and the guide shaft 13 is matched with the guide sleeve 12 to enable the roller 9 to move in a fixed direction.
Preferably, the plate turnover machine further comprises a protection frame 7, and the protection frame 7 is arranged on the side of the turning-up end point of the rotating arm 2 to prevent the track plate from overturning in an accidental situation and ensure safety.
Preferably, the base 1 is a box-shaped structure with an open upper part, the turnover driving device is placed in an inner cavity of the base 1, and a dust cover 16 is arranged on the top of the base 1.
Preferably, a supporting side surface 17 is arranged on one side of the rotating arm 2 close to the rotating axis of the rotating arm, and the supporting side surface 17 is arranged on the side part of the supporting part; the support side 17 is used for supporting the side of the track slab after it is turned up.
The working principle of the utility model is as follows:
when the track slab reaches the position of the plate turnover machine, the telescopic end of the lifting oil cylinder 15 of the plate turnover machine extends out, the track slab is jacked up from the conveying line firstly, then the telescopic end of the turnover oil cylinder 3 extends out, the rotating arm 2 is pushed to rotate, the track slab is driven to turn to a state of 80 degrees (as shown in a state of figure 4), and at the moment, under the action of the roller 9, the track slab gradually slides to be in contact with the bearing side surface 17.
The foregoing is illustrative of the best mode of the utility model and details not described herein are within the common general knowledge of a person of ordinary skill in the art. The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims, and any equivalent modifications based on the technical teaching of the present invention are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a panel turnover machine, includes tilting mechanism, its characterized in that: the turnover mechanism comprises a rotary arm (2), the rotary arm (2) is rotatably connected to a base (1), a turnover driving device is hinged to the base (1), and one end of the rotary arm (2) is hinged to a telescopic part of the turnover driving device; the other end of the rotating arm (2) is provided with a bearing part.
2. The panel turnover machine of claim 1, wherein: and the rotating arm (2) is provided with a lifting mechanism which is arranged on two sides of the bearing part.
3. The panel turnover machine of claim 2, wherein: the lifting mechanism comprises a roller (9), the roller (9) is rotatably connected to a roller seat (10), the roller seat (10) is connected with the telescopic end of a lifting driving device, and the lifting driving device is installed inside the rotating arm (2).
4. The panel turnover machine of claim 1, wherein: the device is characterized by further comprising a buffering support seat (8), wherein the buffering support seat (8) is arranged below the rotating arm (2) in a horizontal state, and the top surface of the buffering support seat (8) is in contact with the bottom surface of the rotating arm (2) in the horizontal state;
and a buffer cushion is arranged on the contact surface of the buffer support seat (8) and the rotating arm (2).
5. A panel turnover machine as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: the lifting driving device is a lifting oil cylinder (15), a guide shaft (13) is fixed on the rotating arm (2), a guide sleeve (12) is fixed on the roller seat (10), and the guide sleeve (12) is sleeved on the guide shaft (13).
6. The panel turnover machine of claim 1, wherein: one side of the rotating arm (2) close to the rotating axis is provided with a bearing side surface (17), and the bearing side surface (17) is arranged on the side part of the bearing part.
7. The panel turnover machine of claim 1, wherein: the device is characterized by further comprising a protective frame (7), wherein the protective frame (7) is arranged on the side part of the turning-up terminal of the rotating arm (2).
8. The panel turnover machine of claim 1, wherein: the overturning driving device is placed in the inner cavity of the base (1).
9. The panel turnover machine of claim 1, wherein: the number of the turnover mechanisms is at least two, and the turnover mechanisms are horizontally arranged at intervals;
the overturning driving device is an overturning oil cylinder (3), and the overturning oil cylinder (3) in the overturning mechanism stretches out and draws back synchronously.
10. The panel turnover machine of claim 9, wherein: the rotating arm (2) is hinged with the telescopic end of the turnover oil cylinder (3) through a front hinge (4), and the rotating arm (2) is connected with the base (1) through a first bearing assembly (6); the first bearing assembly (6) is arranged at one end of the bearing part.
CN202122673272.6U 2021-11-03 2021-11-03 Plate turnover machine Active CN216104585U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122673272.6U CN216104585U (en) 2021-11-03 2021-11-03 Plate turnover machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122673272.6U CN216104585U (en) 2021-11-03 2021-11-03 Plate turnover machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216104585U true CN216104585U (en) 2022-03-22

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ID=80712858

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122673272.6U Active CN216104585U (en) 2021-11-03 2021-11-03 Plate turnover machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216104585U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114933150A (en) * 2022-05-31 2022-08-23 马钢集团设计研究院有限责任公司 Modular casting blank turnover device and turnover method for flame cleaning

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114933150A (en) * 2022-05-31 2022-08-23 马钢集团设计研究院有限责任公司 Modular casting blank turnover device and turnover method for flame cleaning

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