CN215953045U - Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil - Google Patents

Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215953045U
CN215953045U CN202122466914.5U CN202122466914U CN215953045U CN 215953045 U CN215953045 U CN 215953045U CN 202122466914 U CN202122466914 U CN 202122466914U CN 215953045 U CN215953045 U CN 215953045U
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China
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semicircular part
heavy metal
sampling device
metal contaminated
contaminated soil
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CN202122466914.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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吴桂容
韩国明
何彩梅
王素娟
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Hezhou University
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Hezhou University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil, which comprises a support frame, a lifting drill floor and a soil sample drilling pipe, wherein the lifting drill floor is arranged on the support frame; the lower part of the supporting frame is provided with a plurality of supporting legs, and the upper part of the supporting frame is provided with a plurality of supporting slideways; a drill motor and a slide bar are arranged on the lifting drill floor; the sliding rods are correspondingly distributed in the supporting slide ways, so that the lifting drill floor can move up and down; the upper part of the soil sample drilling pipe is a clamping part, the lower part of the soil sample drilling pipe is of a tubular structure and is divided into two parts in the axial direction, and the clamping part comprises a movable semicircular part and a main semicircular part; the main body semicircular part is combined with the clamping part; the movable semicircular part is detachably connected with the semicircular part of the main body. The utility model has the advantages of simple operation, high efficiency, safe sampling, good effect and the like.

Description

Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of soil sampling, in particular to a sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil.
Background
Soil pollutants can be divided into two main categories, inorganic pollutants and organic pollutants. The inorganic pollutants mainly comprise heavy metals, salts, acids, alkalis, compounds of radioactive elements and the like. The organic pollutants mainly comprise organic pesticides, cyanide, petroleum and the like. Sampling and analyzing the polluted soil, especially for the soil polluted by heavy metals, the current sampling is mostly carried out manually, the manual sampling is adopted, the sampling workload is large, the safety is high, the sampling operation is carried out for a long time, and the harm to the human body is very easy to cause. Although, some devices that adopt electronic soil collection of some discovery still exist at present, the practical result of using is not good, and the main problem lies in: 1. the sampling head needs to be pulled out by manpower after being sunk into soil, and the working strength is high; 2. after the soil sample is collected by the pipe, the soil sticks to the inner cavity of the pipe, the soil sample is difficult to take out completely, the soil sample is manually buckled little by little, and the operation is unsafe for the soil polluted by heavy metal, the soil sample of each complete soil layer cannot be obtained, and the soil level pollution condition cannot be analyzed.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the technical problems, the utility model provides the sampling device which has a good using effect and is suitable for the heavy metal contaminated soil.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil comprises a support frame, a lifting drill floor and a soil sample drilling pipe; the lower part of the supporting frame is provided with a plurality of supporting legs, and the upper part of the supporting frame is provided with a plurality of supporting slideways; a drill motor and a slide bar are arranged on the lifting drill floor; the sliding rods are correspondingly distributed in the supporting slide ways, so that the lifting drill floor can move up and down; the upper part of the soil sample drilling pipe is a clamping part, the lower part of the soil sample drilling pipe is of a tubular structure and is divided into two parts in the axial direction, and the clamping part comprises a movable semicircular part and a main semicircular part; the main body semicircular part is combined with the clamping part; the movable semicircular part is detachably connected with the semicircular part of the main body.
Furthermore, the supporting legs are provided with four supporting legs which are designed to be capable of being lifted and are pressed and fixed through clamping screws.
Furthermore, the sliding chute of the supporting slideway is of a rectangular structure, a threaded rod is longitudinally and rotatably distributed on the sliding chute, and the upper end of the threaded rod is connected with a lifting motor; the slide bar is of a rectangular structure, and threaded holes are formed in the slide bar corresponding to the threaded rods.
Furthermore, three supporting slide ways are arranged and are distributed in a triangular mode; the lifting motor is a synchronous motor.
Furthermore, the upper end of the movable semicircular part, the upper end of the main body semicircular part and the lower end of the clamping part are correspondingly provided with locking threads, and locking nuts are distributed on the locking threads.
Furthermore, the movable semicircle part and the main body semicircle part are correspondingly detachably and movably combined through a convex body and a concave groove.
Furthermore, the lower end of the movable semicircular part and the lower end of the main body semicircular part are correspondingly provided with toothed cusps.
Furthermore, the inner cavity of the movable semicircular part and the inner cavity of the main body semicircular part are correspondingly designed into an inner cavity structure with a wide bottom and a narrow top.
Furthermore, the movable semicircular part and the outer wall body surface of the main body semicircular part are correspondingly provided with twist drill bit structures.
Furthermore, a drill motor switch button and a synchronous motor lifting switch button are arranged at the top of the support frame.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that: by adopting the utility model, the drill chuck of the drill bit motor arranged on the soil sample drilling pipe is fixed (the drill bit is arranged like an electric drill), and the operation is simple; the three supporting slideways are distributed according to a triangle, so that the stability of lifting the drill floor in the sampling process is obviously improved, namely the stability of drilling the soil sample drilling pipe is improved, and the drilling stability is most important to maintain under the condition of adopting a drilling sampling mode. After a certain depth is drilled, the synchronous motor is stopped to stop descending, then the synchronous motor is reversely rotated through the ascending button, the lifting of the lifting drill floor is realized, time and labor are saved, and the work is efficient. The soil sample drilling pipe is arranged to realize drawing and disassembling of the movable semicircular part, complete reappearance of soil samples of all soil layers in the soil depth is realized, and later analysis is facilitated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the unassembled elevator rig floor of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the construction of an unassembled soil sample drilling pipe of the present invention with the lifting rig floor;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the soil sample drilling pipe of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the movable semicircular part of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the semi-circular portion of the main body of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the assembled structure of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-6, a sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil comprises a support frame 1, a lifting drill floor 9 and a soil sample drilling pipe 13; the lower part of support frame 1 is equipped with a plurality of supporting legss 4, supporting legs 4 are equipped with four and all are liftable designs, compress tightly fixedly through chucking screw 2, simultaneously, still are equipped with pedal 3, and the foot of being convenient for is stepped on fixedly, when using, can realize the lift adjustment to each supporting legs 4 to different topography, pit to realize whole operation platform's level and firm. The upper part of the support frame 1 is provided with a plurality of support slideways 5; the sliding chute 6 of the supporting slideway 5 in the embodiment is of a rectangular structure, a threaded rod 7 is longitudinally and rotatably distributed on the sliding chute, the upper end of the threaded rod 7 is connected with a lifting motor 8, and the lower end of the threaded rod is connected with a support through a rolling bearing; the lifting drill floor 9 is provided with a drill bit motor 12 and a slide bar 10, and when the lifting drill floor is used, only a drill chuck 12-1 of the drill bit motor is required to be installed on the soil sample drilling pipe and fixed; the sliding rods 10 are correspondingly distributed in the supporting slide ways 6, so that the lifting drill floor can move up and down; the sliding rod 10 of this embodiment is a rectangular structure, and a threaded hole 11 is formed on the sliding rod corresponding to the threaded rod. The three supporting slide ways 5 are arranged and distributed in a triangular manner, the three sliding rods 10 are correspondingly arranged, and the stability of the lifting drill floor in the operation process can be obviously improved by adopting the triangular design; of course, the lifting motor 8 is a synchronous motor, and synchronous rotating speed of the three threaded rods 7 is realized. The top of the support frame is provided with a drill motor switch button 15 and a synchronous motor lifting switch button 16.
The upper part of the soil sample drilling pipe 13 is a clamping part 13-1 which is similar to a clamping part of a common drill bit, and the lower part of the soil sample drilling pipe is of a tubular structure and is divided into two parts in the axial direction, wherein the two parts comprise a movable semicircular part 13-4 and a main body semicircular part 13-3; the main body semicircular part is combined with the clamping part and can be cast in an integrated mode; the movable semicircular part is detachably connected with the semicircular part of the main body. In the embodiment, the movable semicircular part 13-4 and the main body semicircular part 13-3 are correspondingly detachably and movably combined through a convex body 13-4-3 and a convex groove 13-3-3, namely the convex body 13-4-3 and the convex groove 13-3-3 are axially arranged. The movable semicircular part 13-4 is axially pulled and inserted into the main body semicircular part 13-3; in order to realize locking, the upper end of the movable semicircular part, the upper end of the main body semicircular part and the lower end of the clamping part of the embodiment are correspondingly provided with locking threads 13-2, locking nuts 14 are distributed on the locking threads 13-2, when the clamping device is used, the locking nuts 14 are screwed up to be unlocked, and the movable semicircular part 13-4 and the main body semicircular part 13-3 can be detached.
Of course, in order to improve the drilling efficiency, the lower ends of the movable semicircular part and the main body semicircular part can be correspondingly provided with toothed cusps 13-4-2 and 13-3-2. In order to improve the compactness of the collected soil sample and prevent the soil sample from falling off when the soil sample drilling pipe 13 is lifted from the soil, the inner cavity 13-4-1 of the movable semicircular part and the inner cavity 13-3-1 of the main semicircular part are correspondingly designed into an inner cavity structure with a wide bottom and a narrow top, so that the soil sample is compressed upwards in the sampling process. In order to improve the drilling efficiency, the movable semicircular part and the outer wall body surface of the main body semicircular part can be correspondingly designed into a twist drill bit structure, so that the drilling speed is improved aiming at hard soil.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil which characterized in that: comprises a support frame, a lifting drill floor and a soil sample drilling pipe; the lower part of the supporting frame is provided with a plurality of supporting legs, and the upper part of the supporting frame is provided with a plurality of supporting slideways; a drill motor and a slide bar are arranged on the lifting drill floor; the sliding rods are correspondingly distributed in the supporting slide ways, so that the lifting drill floor can move up and down; the upper part of the soil sample drilling pipe is a clamping part, the lower part of the soil sample drilling pipe is of a tubular structure and is divided into two parts in the axial direction, and the clamping part comprises a movable semicircular part and a main semicircular part; the main body semicircular part is combined with the clamping part; the movable semicircular part is detachably connected with the semicircular part of the main body.
2. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the supporting legs are provided with four supporting legs which are designed to be capable of being lifted and are tightly pressed and fixed through clamping screws.
3. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sliding chute of the supporting slideway is of a rectangular structure, threaded rods are longitudinally and rotatably distributed on the sliding chute, and the upper ends of the threaded rods are connected with a lifting motor; the slide bar is of a rectangular structure, and threaded holes are formed in the slide bar corresponding to the threaded rods.
4. A sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 3, characterized in that: the number of the supporting slide ways is three, and the supporting slide ways are distributed in a triangular mode; the lifting motor is a synchronous motor.
5. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the upper end of the movable semicircular part, the upper end of the main body semicircular part and the lower end of the clamping part are correspondingly provided with locking threads, and locking nuts are distributed on the locking threads.
6. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the movable semicircular part and the main body semicircular part are correspondingly detachably and movably combined through a convex-shaped convex body and a convex-shaped groove.
7. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the lower end of the movable semicircular part and the lower end of the main body semicircular part are correspondingly provided with toothed cusps.
8. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner cavity of the movable semicircular part and the inner cavity of the main body semicircular part are correspondingly designed into an inner cavity structure with a wide bottom and a narrow top.
9. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: the movable semicircular part and the outer wall body surface of the main body semicircular part are correspondingly designed into twist drill bit structures.
10. The sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a drill motor switch button and a synchronous motor lifting switch button are arranged at the top of the support frame.
CN202122466914.5U 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil Active CN215953045U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122466914.5U CN215953045U (en) 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202122466914.5U CN215953045U (en) 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215953045U true CN215953045U (en) 2022-03-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202122466914.5U Active CN215953045U (en) 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 Sampling device for heavy metal contaminated soil

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115014857A (en) * 2022-07-01 2022-09-06 临沂市森林湿地保护中心 Forestry soil testing sampling device at random

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115014857A (en) * 2022-07-01 2022-09-06 临沂市森林湿地保护中心 Forestry soil testing sampling device at random

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