CN215948531U - Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof - Google Patents

Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215948531U
CN215948531U CN202120964725.8U CN202120964725U CN215948531U CN 215948531 U CN215948531 U CN 215948531U CN 202120964725 U CN202120964725 U CN 202120964725U CN 215948531 U CN215948531 U CN 215948531U
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insulation board
inorganic
level
organic
steel wire
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付茂强
王锟
王伟伟
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Shandong Zhonggong Quality Inspection Co ltd
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Shandong Zhonggong Quality Inspection Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and a wall body thereof, belonging to the technical field of building materials. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board disclosed by the utility model can be directly used as an external template of cast-in-place concrete, combines the A-level inorganic insulation board with higher fireproof grade and the B-level organic insulation board with better insulation effect, achieves the insulation performance, improves the fireproof performance, can penetrate through the pulling piece in the A-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board to be connected with the concrete besides embedding the first steel wire mesh in the A-level inorganic insulation board, and improves the integrity and the anti-pulling performance of the composite fireproof insulation board.

Description

Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and a wall thereof, belonging to the technical field of building materials.
Background
With the rapid development of building energy conservation and green building industry, building energy conservation and structure integration become a novel energy-saving technology industry. People pay more and more attention to the performances of building energy consumption, construction convenience and the like on the basis of pursuing stable building structure, high space utilization rate and the like. The external template cast-in-place concrete heat insulation system is constructed synchronously with the building heat insulation through a structural wall body, and meets the requirements of the existing building energy-saving standard. The main materials of the heat-insulating outer template adopted by the existing cast-in-place concrete heat-insulating system comprise an XPS heat-insulating plate, an outer side mortar reinforcing layer and the like, and the purpose of structure fire prevention can be achieved only by leveling mortar with a certain thickness after the pouring of the main structure is finished, and the construction process is complex. Along with the improvement of national fire protection requirements on building materials, materials such as rock wool, foamed perlite and the like with higher fire protection grades are gradually applied. However, heat insulating materials such as rock wool have certain disadvantages in terms of strength, water absorption, and heat insulating effect.
The above description is included in the technical recognition scope of the inventors, and does not necessarily constitute the prior art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and a wall thereof, aiming at solving the problems in the prior art, so that the insulation board not only achieves the insulation performance, but also improves the fireproof performance, and the integrity and the drawing resistance of the insulation board are improved, and the insulation board can be directly used as an external template of cast-in-place concrete.
The utility model adopts the following technical scheme to realize the purpose:
in one aspect, the utility model provides an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board, comprising:
the A-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board are connected into a whole;
the first steel wire mesh sheet is embedded in the A-level inorganic heat insulation board and is a single layer or multiple layers arranged at intervals.
Optionally, the grade a inorganic insulation board and the grade B organic insulation board are bonded by a binder;
or the A-grade inorganic insulation board is compounded with the B-grade organic insulation board in a pouring mode.
Optionally, a strip-shaped groove is formed in the surface of the inner side and/or the surface of the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board, and the strip-shaped groove includes, but is not limited to, a dovetail groove, a trapezoidal groove, a rectangular groove, a trapezoidal groove, a wedge-shaped groove, a conical groove, and an arc-shaped groove.
Optionally, the exposed end face of the B-level organic heat-insulating plate is provided with a flame-retardant protective layer, and the flame-retardant protective layer is a cement mortar layer, a concrete layer, an interface mortar layer or an interface layer doped with a flame retardant.
Optionally, the material adopted by the grade a inorganic insulation board includes, but is not limited to, cement mortar, insulation mortar, rock wool, inorganic permeable insulation board, thermosetting composite polystyrene insulation board, polystyrene particle slurry composite insulation board, and vitrified microsphere slurry composite board;
the B-level organic insulation board is made of materials including but not limited to molded polystyrene boards, graphite molded polystyrene boards, extruded polystyrene boards, graphite extruded polystyrene boards, foamed polyurethane boards and phenolic foam boards.
Optionally, the inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board further comprises a tie member, the inner end of the tie member is connected with the a-level inorganic insulation board, and the outer end of the tie member sequentially penetrates through the a-level organic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board and extends to the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board.
Optionally, the drawknot piece includes the connecting steel wire, the inner of connecting the steel wire with first steel mesh sheet is connected, and the outer end of connecting the steel wire passes A level inorganic heated board, B level organic heated board in proper order and extends to the outside of B level organic heated board.
Optionally, the tie member further includes a second steel wire mesh, and the outer end of the connecting steel wire penetrates through the B-level organic insulation board and is connected with the second steel wire mesh.
Optionally, the connecting steel wire has a smooth surface, or the surface of the connecting steel wire is provided with a thread;
optionally, the ends of the connecting wires are straight or hook-shaped.
Optionally, the drawknot spare includes the crab-bolt, the inner butt of crab-bolt is in the outside or the butt of A level inorganic heated board are on first steel wire net piece, and the outside of A level inorganic heated board, B level organic heated board and extend to B level organic heated board is passed in proper order to the outer end of crab-bolt.
On the other hand, the utility model also provides a fireproof heat-insulation wall body which comprises a concrete layer and the inorganic and organic composite fireproof heat-insulation board, wherein the inorganic and organic composite fireproof heat-insulation board is connected with the concrete layer through a tie piece.
Benefits of the present application include, but are not limited to:
the inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided by the utility model can be directly used as an external template of cast-in-place concrete, the A-level inorganic insulation board with high fireproof grade and the B-level organic insulation board with light weight and good insulation effect are combined together, and the first steel wire mesh sheet is embedded in the A-level inorganic insulation board, so that the insulation performance is achieved, the fireproof performance is improved, and the strength of the composite fireproof insulation board is ensured. When the pulling piece is penetrated and arranged in the A-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board, the integrity and the anti-pulling performance of the composite fireproof insulation board can be further improved.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the application and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the application and together with the description serve to explain the application and not to limit the application. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in embodiment 3 of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in embodiment 4 of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in embodiment 5 of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of an inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in embodiment 6 of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a wall structure according to the present invention;
in the figure, 100, A-grade inorganic insulation boards; 200. a B-level organic insulation board; 210. a strip-shaped groove; 300. a first steel mesh sheet; 410. connecting steel wires; 420. a second steel mesh sheet; 510. an anchor bolt; 600. and a concrete layer.
Detailed Description
In order to clearly explain the technical features of the present invention, the following detailed description of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings.
It should be noted that in the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, however, the present invention may be practiced in other ways than those described herein. Therefore, the scope of the utility model is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1, the inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board provided in this embodiment includes an a-level inorganic insulation board 100 and a B-level organic insulation board 200 that are connected as an integral body, and further includes a first steel mesh sheet 300 embedded in the a-level inorganic insulation board 100.
The composite fireproof insulation board provided by the embodiment combines the A-level inorganic insulation board with high fireproof grade and the B-level organic insulation board with light weight and good insulation effect, so that the insulation performance is achieved, and the fireproof performance is improved. Moreover, the first steel wire mesh is embedded in the A-level inorganic insulation board, so that the strength of the composite fireproof insulation board can be improved.
Generally, the first steel mesh sheet 300 may be a single layer or a plurality of layers arranged at intervals. The first steel wire mesh sheet 300 is embedded in the A-level inorganic heat-insulation board through casting.
The grade-A inorganic insulation board 100 is made of an inorganic insulation material with a grade-A fire resistance, and the grade-B organic insulation board 200 is made of an organic insulation material with a grade-B fire resistance.
Specifically, the material used for the a-grade inorganic insulation board 100 includes, but is not limited to, cement mortar, insulation mortar, rock wool, inorganic permeable insulation boards, thermosetting composite polystyrene insulation boards, polystyrene particle slurry composite insulation boards, vitrified microsphere slurry composite boards, and the like.
The material used for the B-level organic insulation board 200 includes, but is not limited to, molded polystyrene board, graphite molded polystyrene board, extruded polystyrene board, graphite extruded polystyrene board, foamed polyurethane board, phenolic foam board.
In practical application, the composite fireproof heat-insulation board provided by the utility model can be constructed on a concrete wall in the following two ways.
In the first mode, the composite fireproof insulation board provided by the utility model can be directly used as an external template, or the external template is erected on the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board 200 according to the pouring pressure, so that the synchronous construction of the structural wall and the building insulation is realized. After the concrete is poured, the wall body and the composite fireproof heat-insulation board are fixed through anchor bolts penetrating through the wall body and the composite fireproof heat-insulation board.
In the second mode, the composite fireproof heat-insulation board provided by the utility model is adhered to a concrete wall through an adhesive in the process of pouring the concrete wall, and then the concrete wall and the composite fireproof heat-insulation board are fixed through an anchor bolt penetrating through the wall and the composite fireproof heat-insulation board.
Further, in this embodiment, a strip-shaped groove 210 is disposed on the outer surface of the B-level organic insulation board 200 away from the a-level inorganic insulation board. During construction, the poured concrete can be embedded into the strip-shaped grooves 210, and the bonding strength of the organic composite fireproof heat-insulation board and the concrete layer is improved.
Specifically, the strip-shaped groove 210 includes, but is not limited to, a dovetail groove, a trapezoidal groove, a rectangular groove, a trapezoidal groove, a wedge-shaped groove, a tapered groove, and an arc-shaped groove.
In this embodiment, the inner side surface of the B-level organic insulation board 200 close to the a-level inorganic insulation board is not provided with the strip-shaped groove 210, so that the a-level inorganic insulation board can be compounded with the B-level organic insulation board through a pouring mode when the organic composite fireproof insulation board is processed, and the a-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board can be bonded through a binder.
Furthermore, the exposed end face of the B-level organic insulation board 200 can be further provided with a flame-retardant protective layer, and the flame-retardant protective layer is a cement mortar layer, a concrete layer, an interface mortar layer or an interface layer doped with a flame retardant, so that the fireproof capacity of the exposed end face of the B-level organic insulation board 200 is improved.
Example 2:
as shown in fig. 2, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the inner side surface of the B-level organic insulation board 200 close to the A-level inorganic insulation board is also provided with a strip-shaped groove 210, and the A-level inorganic insulation board can be compounded with the B-level organic insulation board in a pouring mode when the organic composite fireproof insulation board is processed. When the grade-A inorganic insulation board is poured, part of raw materials flow into the strip-shaped grooves 210 to form reinforcing ribs, so that the connection strength of the grade-A inorganic insulation board 100 and the grade-B organic insulation board 200 is improved.
Example 3:
as shown in fig. 3, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 2 in that: the composite fireproof insulation board further comprises a pulling piece. The inner end of the tie is connected with the A-level inorganic insulation board 100, and the outer end of the tie sequentially passes through the A-level organic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board 200 and extends to the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board 200. The composite fireproof heat-insulation board provided by the utility model can be connected with a concrete layer through the tie piece.
In this embodiment, the tie member includes a connecting steel wire 410, an inner end of the connecting steel wire 410 is connected to the first steel mesh sheet 300, and an outer end of the connecting steel wire 410 sequentially passes through the a-grade inorganic insulation board 100 and the B-grade organic insulation board 200 and extends to an outer side of the B-grade organic insulation board 200. Specifically, each connecting steel wire is inserted into the composite fireproof heat-insulation board at a certain interval.
Generally, the connecting wires 410 are welded and fixed with the first steel wire mesh sheet 300 to form a stable steel wire mesh frame.
Wherein the connection steel wire 410 has a smooth surface, or the surface of the connection steel wire 410 is provided with a thread to increase the drawing resistance. Further, the ends of the connecting wires 410 are straight or hook-shaped.
During construction, after concrete is poured on the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board 200, the outer ends of the connecting steel wires 410 and the second steel wire mesh sheets 420 are compounded in the concrete layer, and the connection strength of the composite fireproof insulation board and a wall body is guaranteed.
The first steel wire mesh sheet 300 not only improves the strength of the A-level inorganic insulation board 100, but also serves as a fixing point of the inner end of the tie piece, so that the A-level inorganic insulation board 100 and the B-level organic insulation board 200 can be connected, the A-level inorganic insulation board 100 and the B-level organic insulation board 200 can be connected with a concrete layer, and the integrity of the composite fireproof insulation board provided by the utility model is improved.
Example 4:
as shown in fig. 4, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 3 in that: the tie member further comprises a second steel wire mesh 420, and the outer end of the connecting steel wire 410 penetrates out of the B-level organic heat insulation board 200 and is connected with the second steel wire mesh 420. After concrete is poured on the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board 200, the outer ends of the connecting steel wires 410 and the second steel wire mesh sheets 420 are compounded in the concrete layer, so that the connection strength of the composite fireproof insulation board and a wall body is guaranteed.
Example 5:
as shown in fig. 5, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 3 in that: the drawknot piece includes anchor bolt 510, and the inner butt of anchor bolt 510 is in the outside of A level inorganic insulation board 100, and the outer end of anchor bolt 510 passes A level inorganic insulation board 100, B level organic insulation board 200 in proper order and extends to the outside of B level organic insulation board 200. The bolt surface that crab-bolt 510 extends to the B level organic insulation board 200 outside is provided with the barb, has improved the joint strength with concrete layer.
Generally, a positioning gasket is arranged at a position where the anchor bolt 510 penetrates out of the B-level organic insulation board.
Example 6:
as shown in fig. 6, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 5 in that: the inner end of anchor bolt 510 abuts on first steel wire mesh 300, and the outer end of anchor bolt 510 passes A level inorganic insulation board 100, B level organic insulation board 200 in proper order and extends to the outside of B level organic insulation board 200.
On the other hand, the utility model also provides a wall body which comprises a concrete layer 600 and the inorganic and organic composite fireproof heat-insulation board in the embodiment 1. Specifically, the inorganic and organic composite fireproof heat preservation board may be connected to the concrete layer 600 through the connecting steel wire 410, or connected to the concrete layer 600 through the connecting steel wire 410 and the second steel mesh 420 (as shown in fig. 7), or connected to the concrete layer 600 through the anchor bolt 510.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the indicated orientations and positional relationships based on the drawings for ease of description and simplicity of description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; the connection can be mechanical connection, electrical connection or communication; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The above-mentioned embodiments should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention, and any alternative modifications or alterations made to the embodiments of the present invention will fall within the scope of the present invention as those skilled in the art will appreciate.
The present invention is not described in detail, but is known to those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. An inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board is characterized by comprising:
the A-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board are connected into a whole; the first steel wire mesh sheet is embedded in the A-level inorganic heat insulation board and is a single layer or multiple layers arranged at intervals.
2. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 1, wherein the A-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board are bonded through a bonding agent;
or the A-grade inorganic insulation board is compounded with the B-grade organic insulation board in a pouring mode.
3. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 1, wherein strip-shaped grooves are arranged on the inner side and/or outer side surface of the B-level organic insulation board, and the strip-shaped grooves are any one or more of dovetail grooves, trapezoidal grooves, rectangular grooves, trapezoidal grooves, wedge-shaped grooves, conical grooves and arc-shaped grooves.
4. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 1, wherein the exposed end surface of the B-level organic insulation board is provided with a flame-retardant protective layer, and the flame-retardant protective layer is a cement mortar layer, a concrete layer or an interface mortar layer;
the A-level inorganic insulation board is made of any one of cement mortar, insulation mortar, rock wool, an inorganic infiltration insulation board, a thermosetting composite polystyrene insulation board, a polystyrene particle slurry composite insulation board and a vitrified micro bubble slurry composite board;
the B-level organic insulation board is made of any one of molded polystyrene boards, graphite molded polystyrene boards, extruded polystyrene boards, graphite extruded polystyrene boards, foamed polyurethane boards and phenolic foam boards.
5. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 1, further comprising a tie, wherein the inner end of the tie is connected with the A-level inorganic insulation board, and the outer end of the tie sequentially passes through the A-level organic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board and extends to the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board.
6. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 5, wherein the tie member comprises a connecting steel wire, the inner end of the connecting steel wire is connected with the first steel wire mesh, and the outer end of the connecting steel wire sequentially passes through the A-grade inorganic insulation board and the B-grade organic insulation board and extends to the outer side of the B-grade organic insulation board.
7. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 6, wherein the tie piece further comprises a second steel wire mesh, and the outer end of the connecting steel wire penetrates through the B-level organic insulation board and is connected with the second steel wire mesh.
8. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 6, wherein the connecting steel wire has a smooth surface, or the surface of the connecting steel wire is provided with a thread;
the end of the connecting steel wire is in a straight line shape or a hook shape.
9. The inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board according to claim 5, wherein the tie member comprises an anchor bolt, the inner end of the anchor bolt abuts against the outer side of the A-level inorganic insulation board or the first steel wire mesh, and the outer end of the anchor bolt sequentially penetrates through the A-level inorganic insulation board and the B-level organic insulation board and extends to the outer side of the B-level organic insulation board.
10. A fireproof thermal insulation wall, characterized in that, it comprises a concrete layer and the inorganic and organic composite fireproof thermal insulation board of any one of claims 1 to 9, the inorganic and organic composite fireproof thermal insulation board is connected with the concrete layer through a tie.
CN202120964725.8U 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof Active CN215948531U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120964725.8U CN215948531U (en) 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120964725.8U CN215948531U (en) 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215948531U true CN215948531U (en) 2022-03-04

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120964725.8U Active CN215948531U (en) 2021-05-06 2021-05-06 Inorganic and organic composite fireproof insulation board and wall thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215948531U (en)

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