CN215901829U - Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials - Google Patents

Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215901829U
CN215901829U CN202121515442.1U CN202121515442U CN215901829U CN 215901829 U CN215901829 U CN 215901829U CN 202121515442 U CN202121515442 U CN 202121515442U CN 215901829 U CN215901829 U CN 215901829U
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China
Prior art keywords
waste
solid
waste liquid
outer shell
movable gate
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CN202121515442.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘星怡
柯昌军
冯广文
黄春环
温源
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Hanlan Foshan Industrial Environmental Service Co ltd
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Hanlan Foshan Industrial Environmental Service Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hazardous waste solid-liquid separation system, wherein small-package liquid materials are put into an outer shell through a hopper and then are crushed by a crusher to destroy the package of the small-package liquid materials, so that the liquid can flow out of the package. The crushed material crushed by the crusher is intercepted by a movable gate, piled and placed still, and at the moment, the waste liquid flows to the bottom of the crushed material pile. And then, collecting the waste liquid at the bottom of the crushed material pile by using a first waste liquid collecting pipeline to realize the primary separation of the solid waste and the waste liquid. After the waste liquid is preliminarily collected, the movable gate is opened, so that the crushed material pile falls on the conveying table, and the crushed material flows in the outer shell. The crushed material drops behind the transport platform, and the transport platform transports the crushed material to the discharge gate of shell body and discharges. Need not artifical partial shipment, effectively solve artifical partial shipment process scene dirty and disorderly poor, cause certain technical problem of harm to workman's occupational health and environment.

Description

Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of solid-liquid separation, in particular to a hazardous waste material solid-liquid separation system.
Background
At present, the existing hazardous waste crushing process only aims at solid materials, can not separate liquid from packages, and aims at partial small-package liquid materials such as 300ml or 500ml chemical reagent glass bottles, the existing method mostly adopts a mode of feeding materials by a side door after manual subpackage, but the site of the manual subpackage process is dirty and messy, and certain harm is caused to the occupational health of workers and the environment. Therefore, a separation system capable of crushing packages and separating liquid is needed, and the technical defect that manual subpackaging is needed for the existing small-package liquid materials is overcome.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a hazardous waste material solid-liquid separation system to solve the technical defect that the existing small-package liquid material needs manual subpackaging.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: a hazardous waste material solid-liquid separation system comprises a hopper, a solid waste collection box, an outer shell, a crusher, a movable gate, a transport table, a drainage inclined table, a first waste liquid collection pipeline and a second waste liquid collection pipeline; the hopper is arranged at the top of the outer shell, and an output end at the bottom of the hopper is communicated with a feed inlet at the bottom of the outer shell; the pulverizer, the movable gate, the transport table and the drainage ramp are sequentially arranged in the outer shell from top to bottom; the movable gate is arranged below the discharge port of the crusher and is used for intercepting and circulating crushed materials in the outer shell; the liquid inlet of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline is positioned at the bottom of the crushed material pile intercepted by the movable gate; the initial end of the transport table is positioned below the movable gate, the tail end of the transport table is positioned above the discharge hole of the outer shell, and the transport table is used for receiving the solid waste discharged from the movable gate and conveying the solid waste to the discharge hole of the outer shell; the solid waste collection box is arranged below the discharge hole of the outer shell and is used for collecting the solid waste discharged by the outer shell; the drainage sloping table is arranged below the transport table, the transverse direction of the drainage sloping table is consistent with that of the transport table, the bottom end of the drainage sloping table is far away from the discharge port, and the drainage sloping table is used for receiving waste liquid dripped by the transport table; and a liquid inlet of the second waste liquid collecting pipeline is communicated to the inside of the outer shell and is positioned at the bottom of the drainage sloping platform.
As an optional embodiment, the movable gate is obliquely arranged inside the outer shell, one side edge of the movable gate is hinged to the inner wall of the outer shell, and the liquid inlet of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline is arranged at the bottom end of the movable gate.
As an alternative embodiment, the inside of the outer casing is provided with a drainage slope plate which is located above the side edge far away from the hinged end of the mobile gate.
As an alternative embodiment, the included angle α between the moving gate and the horizontal plane is 20 ° to 30 °.
As an optional implementation manner, the pulverizer further comprises an inert gas source, an air inlet channel is arranged on the outer wall of the outer shell, the air inlet channel is located between the hopper and the pulverizer, and the inert gas source is communicated to the inside of the outer shell through the air inlet channel.
As an optional implementation manner, the first waste liquid collecting pipeline and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline share the same power pump, and the power pump is configured to provide drainage power for the first waste liquid collecting pipeline and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline.
As an alternative embodiment, the first waste liquid collecting pipeline and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline are respectively provided with basket filters for filtering out solid waste mixed in the waste liquid.
As an alternative embodiment, the outer shell is provided with a blower, and an air outlet of the blower is arranged above the transport table.
Compared with the prior art, the embodiment of the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
in an embodiment of the utility model, the small-package liquid material is put into the outer shell through the hopper and then crushed by the crusher to destroy the package of the small-package liquid material, so that the liquid can flow out of the package. The crushed material crushed by the crusher is intercepted by a movable gate, piled and placed still, and at the moment, the waste liquid flows to the bottom of the crushed material pile. And then, collecting the waste liquid at the bottom of the crushed material pile by using a first waste liquid collecting pipeline to realize the primary separation of the solid waste and the waste liquid. After the waste liquid is preliminarily collected, the movable gate is opened, so that the crushed material pile falls on the conveying table, and the crushed material flows in the outer shell. The crushed material drops behind the transport platform, and the transport platform transports the crushed material to the discharge gate of shell body and discharges. Need not artifical partial shipment, effectively solve artifical partial shipment process scene dirty and disorderly poor, cause certain technical problem of harm to workman's occupational health and environment. It is worth explaining that, in the process of transporting the crushed materials by the transport table, the written waste liquid is received by the drainage sloping table, the waste liquid is drained to the bottom of the sloping table, and the waste liquid is recovered through the second waste liquid collecting pipeline, so that the secondary solid-liquid separation is realized, and the solid-liquid separation effect of the dangerous waste materials is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the movable gate in a closed state as seen from a top view according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an open state of the movable gate in a top view according to one embodiment of the present invention;
in the drawings: 100-hopper, 200-outer shell, 210-pulverizer, 220-movable gate, 230-transport table, 240-flow guide inclined table, 250-air inlet channel, 260-flow guide inclined table, 270-blower, 300-solid waste collection box, 400-first waste liquid collection pipeline, 500-second waste liquid collection pipeline, 600-power pump, 700-basket filter and 800-inert gas source.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience of description and for simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, features defined as "first" and "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features for distinguishing between descriptive features, non-sequential, non-trivial and non-trivial.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, a solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste material according to an embodiment of the present invention is described, including a hopper 100, a solid waste collection box 300, an outer casing 200, a crusher 210, a movable gate 220, a transportation table 230, a drainage ramp 240, a first waste liquid collection pipeline 400, and a second waste liquid collection pipeline 500; the hopper 100 is arranged at the top of the outer shell 200, and an output end at the bottom of the hopper 100 is communicated with a feed inlet at the bottom of the outer shell 200; the pulverizer 210, the moving gate 220, the transport table 230 and the drainage ramp 240 are sequentially arranged in the outer shell 200 from top to bottom; the movable gate 220 is arranged below the discharge port of the crusher 210 and is used for intercepting and circulating crushed materials in the outer shell 200; the liquid inlet of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline 400 is positioned at the bottom of the crushed material pile intercepted by the movable gate 220; the waste liquid at the bottom of the crushed material pile is discharged to an external collecting tank. The initial end of the transportation stage 230 is located below the moving gate 220, the terminal end of the transportation stage 230 is located above the discharge port of the outer housing 200, and the transportation stage 230 is used for receiving the solid waste discharged from the moving gate 220 and conveying the solid waste to the discharge port of the outer housing 200; the solid waste collection box 300 is disposed below the discharge hole of the outer case 200, for collecting the solid waste discharged from the outer case 200; the drainage sloping table 240 is arranged below the transport table 230, the transverse direction of the drainage sloping table 240 is consistent with the transverse direction of the transport table 230, the bottom end of the drainage sloping table 240 is far away from the discharge hole, and the drainage sloping table 240 is used for receiving waste liquid dripped from the transport table 230; the liquid inlet of the second waste liquid collecting pipeline 500 is communicated to the inside of the outer shell 200 and is located at the bottom of the drainage ramp 240. For discharging the waste liquid from the bottom of the drainage ramp 240 to an external collection tank.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the small-package liquid material is put into the outer case 200 through the hopper 100, and then pulverized by the pulverizer 210 to destroy the package of the small-package liquid material, so that the liquid can flow out of the package. The crushed material crushed by the crusher 210 is stopped by the movable gate 220, stacked and left standing, and the waste liquid flows to the bottom of the crushed material stack. And then, collecting the waste liquid at the bottom of the crushed material pile by using a first waste liquid collecting pipeline to realize the primary separation of the solid waste and the waste liquid. After the waste liquid is preliminarily collected, the movable gate 220 is opened, and the pulverized material pile is dropped on the transport table 230, so that the pulverized material flows inside the outer case 200. After the pulverized material falls on the transportation table 230, the transportation table 230 transports the pulverized material to the discharge port of the outer case 200 and discharges the pulverized material. Need not artifical partial shipment, effectively solve artifical partial shipment process scene dirty and disorderly poor, cause certain technical problem of harm to workman's occupational health and environment. It is worth mentioning that, in the process of transporting the crushed materials by the transporting table 230, the written waste liquid is received by the drainage sloping table 240, the waste liquid is drained to the bottom of the sloping table, and the waste liquid is recovered by the second waste liquid collecting pipeline, so that the second solid-liquid separation is realized, and the solid-liquid separation effect of the dangerous waste materials is improved.
Preferably, the movable gate 220 is obliquely disposed inside the outer casing 200, one edge of the movable gate 220 is hinged to the inner wall of the outer casing 200, and the liquid inlet of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline 400 is disposed at the bottom end of the movable gate 220. Specifically, as shown in the embodiment of fig. 1, one side edge of the movable gate 220 is hinged to the inner wall of the outer shell 200, so that the movable gate 220 can swing up and down, and when the movable gate 220 swings up, the side edge far away from the hinged end is higher than the hinged end, so that the movable gate 220 intercepts crushed materials crushed by the crusher 210, and waste liquid in a crushed material pile can be collected to the inclined bottom of the movable gate 220 along the inclined surface of the movable gate 220 and enter the first waste liquid collecting pipe. When the moving gate 220 swings downward, an edge of a side far from the hinge end is made lower than the hinge end, so that the pulverized material pile crushed by the pulverizer 210 slides down along the inclined surface of the moving gate 220 and finally falls on the transportation table 230. Specifically, the moving shutter 220 may be driven to swing up and down by a motor.
Preferably, the inside of the outer case 200 is provided with a drainage slope plate 260, and the drainage slope plate 260 is located above a side edge far from the hinged end of the moving gate 220. Specifically, since the movable gate 220 is movably disposed inside the outer casing 200 in a swinging manner, a gap may exist between an edge of the side far from the hinged end and the outer casing 200 for the movable gate 220 to normally swing. To avoid waste liquid dripping from the crusher 210 from passing directly through the gap. Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the drainage sloping plate 260 is arranged above the side edge far away from the hinged end of the movable gate 220, so that the drainage sloping plate 260 covers the gap, the waste liquid falling on the drainage sloping plate 260 flows onto the movable gate 220, and the problem that the waste liquid dropping from the pulverizer 210 directly passes through the gap is solved.
Preferably, the included angle α between the moving gate 220 and the horizontal plane is 20 ° to 30 °. Specifically, if the included angle between the movable gate 220 and the horizontal plane is less than 20 °, the inclination of the movable gate 220 is insufficient, so that the waste liquid is difficult to collect at the bottom end of the movable gate 220, which is not beneficial to the collection of the waste liquid by the first waste liquid collecting pipeline. If the included angle between the movable gate 220 and the horizontal plane is more than 30 degrees, although waste liquid is favorably collected to the bottom end of the movable gate 220, the load of the hinged edge of the movable gate 220 is large, and the service life of the movable gate 220 is short.
Preferably, the hazardous waste solid-liquid separation system further comprises an inert gas source 800, the outer wall of the outer shell 200 is provided with a gas inlet channel 250, the gas inlet channel 250 is located between the hopper 100 and the pulverizer 210, and the inert gas source 800 is communicated to the inside of the outer shell 200 through the gas inlet channel 250. Since the shredder 210 is inside the outer casing 200, sparks are generated when the shredder 210 shreds small packages of liquid material, such as some 300ml or 500ml chemical reagent glass bottles, and there is a risk of explosion. In this embodiment, the inert gas is introduced into the outer shell 200 through the inert gas source 800 for protection, so that sparks generated in the crushing process of the small-package liquid material are effectively avoided, and the explosion is avoided. In the preferred embodiment, inert gas source 800 is nitrogen, which is readily available and inexpensive.
Preferably, the first waste liquid collecting pipeline 400 and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline 500 share the same power pump 600, and the power pump 600 is used for providing drainage power for the first waste liquid collecting pipeline 400 and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline 500. Specifically, the power pump 600 has two input ends, the terminal end of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline 400 is communicated with one input end of the power pump 600, and the terminal end of the second waste liquid collecting pipeline 500 is communicated with the other input end of the power pump 600. So, drive first minute liquid collection pipeline and second waste liquid pipeline simultaneously through a power pump 600 to reduce power pump 600's quantity, do benefit to the cost that reduces solid-liquid separation system.
Preferably, the first and second waste liquid collecting pipes 400 and 500 are respectively provided with basket filters 700, and the basket filters 700 are used for filtering out solid waste mixed in the waste liquid. So, filter the waste liquid through set up basket filter 700 on first waste liquid collection pipeline 400 and second waste liquid collection pipeline 500, effectively avoid in partial solid waste disintegrating slag gets into power pump 600 to guarantee that management and second waste liquid collection pipeline 500 can normal operating are collected to first waste liquid.
Preferably, the outer housing 200 is provided with a blower 270, and an air outlet of the blower 270 is disposed above the transportation table 230. In the embodiment shown in fig. 2, the blower 270 is used to blow the waste liquid attached to the surface of the solid waste, so as to dry the solid waste, effectively prevent the waste liquid from entering the solid waste collection box 300, keep the solid waste collection box 300 dry, and improve the efficiency of solid-liquid separation of the hazardous waste.
Other configurations and operations of a hazardous waste material solid-liquid separation system according to embodiments of the present invention are known to those of ordinary skill in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
In the description herein, references to the description of the terms "embodiment," "example," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the utility model. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
While embodiments of the utility model have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a danger waste material solid-liquid separation system which characterized in that: comprises a hopper, a solid waste collecting box, an outer shell, a crusher, a movable gate, a transport table, a drainage inclined table, a first waste liquid collecting pipeline and a second waste liquid collecting pipeline;
the hopper is arranged at the top of the outer shell, and an output end at the bottom of the hopper is communicated with a feed inlet at the bottom of the outer shell;
the pulverizer, the movable gate, the transport table and the drainage ramp are sequentially arranged in the outer shell from top to bottom;
the movable gate is arranged below the discharge port of the crusher and is used for intercepting and circulating crushed materials in the outer shell;
the liquid inlet of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline is positioned at the bottom of the crushed material pile intercepted by the movable gate;
the initial end of the transport table is positioned below the movable gate, the tail end of the transport table is positioned above the discharge hole of the outer shell, and the transport table is used for receiving the solid waste discharged from the movable gate and conveying the solid waste to the discharge hole of the outer shell;
the solid waste collection box is arranged below the discharge hole of the outer shell and is used for collecting the solid waste discharged by the outer shell;
the drainage sloping table is arranged below the transport table, the transverse direction of the drainage sloping table is consistent with that of the transport table, the bottom end of the drainage sloping table is far away from the discharge port, and the drainage sloping table is used for receiving waste liquid dripped by the transport table;
and a liquid inlet of the second waste liquid collecting pipeline is communicated to the inside of the outer shell and is positioned at the bottom of the drainage sloping platform.
2. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 1, characterized in that: the movable gate is obliquely arranged inside the outer shell, one edge of the movable gate is hinged to the inner wall of the outer shell, and the liquid inlet of the first waste liquid collecting pipeline is arranged at the bottom end of the movable gate.
3. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 2, characterized in that: the inside of shell body is equipped with the drainage swash plate, the drainage swash plate is located and keeps away from the top of the side reason of the hinged end of removal gate.
4. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 2, characterized in that: the included angle alpha between the movable gate and the horizontal plane is 20-30 degrees.
5. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 1, characterized in that: still include the inert gas source, the outer wall of shell body is equipped with inlet channel, inlet channel is located the hopper with between the rubbing crusher, the inert gas source pass through inlet channel communicates to the inside of shell body.
6. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 1, characterized in that: the first waste liquid collecting pipeline and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline share the same power pump, and the power pump is used for providing drainage power for the first waste liquid collecting pipeline and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline.
7. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 6, characterized in that: and the first waste liquid collecting pipeline and the second waste liquid collecting pipeline are respectively provided with a basket filter which is used for filtering out solid waste doped in the waste liquid.
8. The solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials of claim 1, characterized in that: the shell body is provided with a blower, and an air outlet of the blower is arranged above the transport table.
CN202121515442.1U 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials Active CN215901829U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121515442.1U CN215901829U (en) 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121515442.1U CN215901829U (en) 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215901829U true CN215901829U (en) 2022-02-25

Family

ID=80288845

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121515442.1U Active CN215901829U (en) 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 Solid-liquid separation system for hazardous waste materials

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215901829U (en)

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