CN215640264U - Soil sampling device capable of keeping original properties of soil - Google Patents

Soil sampling device capable of keeping original properties of soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215640264U
CN215640264U CN202122011150.0U CN202122011150U CN215640264U CN 215640264 U CN215640264 U CN 215640264U CN 202122011150 U CN202122011150 U CN 202122011150U CN 215640264 U CN215640264 U CN 215640264U
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sleeve
sampling
soil
auxiliary
combined
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CN202122011150.0U
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Inventor
魏样
卢楠
何俐蓉
张宝强
李燕
王娜
罗玉虎
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Shaanxi Land Engineering Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Land Engineering Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a soil sampling device for keeping original properties of soil, which comprises a sampling structure and an auxiliary mechanism, wherein the sampling structure comprises a sampling rod and a sampling rod; the sampling structure includes sampling sleeve, combination sleeve and sample drill bit, the fixed welding in sampling sleeve top surface center has fixed bull stick, the slip embedding in fixed bull stick top has movable bull stick, the activity bull stick with be provided with rotatory adapter sleeve between the fixed bull stick, the perpendicular welding in activity bull stick top has the turning handle, the protruding first connection helicoid that has in combination sleeve top, combination sleeve through first connection helicoid threaded connection in the sampling sleeve bottom, first connecting thread has been seted up to combination sleeve bottom inboard, the protruding second connection helicoid that has in sample drill bit top, the second connect the helicoid with first connecting thread phase-match. The utility model can keep the original properties of soil during sampling, has diversified sampling modes, simple combination, convenient use, higher practicability and convenient popularization.

Description

Soil sampling device capable of keeping original properties of soil
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of soil sampling, in particular to a soil sampling device capable of keeping original properties of soil.
Background
In the research work on soil, researchers need to sample the soil through a soil sampling tool, and then detect and analyze nutrients and the like in the soil.
However, the existing soil sampling earth auger is inconvenient to carry due to long length when in use, and the peripheral soil is easy to collapse in the sampling process, especially sandy soil, so that the original properties of the soil sampling cannot be guaranteed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The present invention is directed to a soil sampling device that maintains original properties of soil, and solves the problems set forth in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides the following technical scheme: a soil sampling device for keeping original properties of soil comprises a sampling structure and an auxiliary mechanism;
the sampling structure comprises a sampling sleeve, a combined sleeve and a sampling drill bit, wherein a fixed rotating rod is fixedly welded at the center of the top surface of the sampling sleeve, a movable rotating rod is embedded at the top end of the fixed rotating rod in a sliding manner, a rotary fastening sleeve is arranged between the movable rotating rod and the fixed rotating rod, a rotating handle is vertically welded at the top end of the movable rotating rod, a first connecting spiral ring is protruded at the top end of the combined sleeve, the combined sleeve is connected to the bottom end of the sampling sleeve through the first connecting spiral ring in a threaded manner, a first connecting thread is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the combined sleeve, a second connecting spiral ring is protruded at the top end of the sampling drill bit, the second connecting spiral ring is matched with the first connecting thread, the sampling drill bit is connected to the bottom end of the combined sleeve through the second connecting spiral ring in a threaded manner, and sampling drill teeth are arranged at the bottom end of the sampling drill bit in a surrounding manner;
the auxiliary mechanism comprises an auxiliary sleeve, a protective sleeve and an auxiliary drill bit, wherein the auxiliary sleeve is slidably sleeved on the outer surface of the sampling sleeve, the two sides of the top end of the auxiliary sleeve are symmetrically welded with a driving push handle, the protective sleeve is slidably sleeved on the outer surface of the combined sleeve, a third connecting spiral ring is arranged at the top end of the protective sleeve in a protruding mode, the protective sleeve is connected with the bottom end of the auxiliary sleeve through the third connecting spiral ring in a threaded mode, a second connecting thread is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the protective sleeve, a fourth connecting spiral ring is arranged at the top end of the auxiliary drill bit in a protruding mode, the fourth connecting spiral ring is matched with the second connecting thread, the auxiliary drill bit is connected with the bottom end of the protective sleeve through the fourth connecting spiral ring in a threaded mode, and the auxiliary drill bit is arranged at the bottom end of the auxiliary drill bit in a surrounding mode.
Furthermore, first connection helicoid with first connecting thread phase-match, the combination sleeve is provided with a plurality ofly, and is a plurality of the combination sleeve passes through first connection helicoid with first connecting thread end to end concatenation.
Furthermore, the third connecting spiral ring is matched with the second connecting thread, a plurality of protective sleeves are arranged, and the plurality of protective sleeves are spliced end to end through the third connecting spiral ring and the second connecting thread.
Furthermore, the number of the protection sleeve is the same as that of the combined sleeve, the protection sleeve is the same as that of the combined sleeve in height, height marks are recorded on the outer side surfaces of the protection sleeve and the combined sleeve, the numerical values are the same, and the height marks are recorded on the outer side surfaces of the sampling sleeve and the auxiliary sleeve, and the numerical values are the same.
Furthermore, the side surfaces of the sampling sleeve and the combined sleeve are all penetrated and provided with observation holes, and the observation holes are all positioned on the same side.
Furthermore, the sampling drill tooth and the auxiliary drill tooth have the same rotating cutting direction, the screwing direction of the third connecting screw ring and the second connecting screw thread is the same as the screwing direction of the first connecting screw ring and the first connecting screw thread, and the rotating cutting direction is the same as the screwing direction.
Further, the maximum combined length of the fixed rotating rod and the rotary fastening sleeve is 1m, and the minimum combined length of the fixed rotating rod and the rotary fastening sleeve is 0.5 m.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
according to the utility model, the sampling structure is arranged, and the sampling structure is subjected to a separated combination design, so that the occupation of a length space is reduced, the disassembly and the carrying are convenient, the length combination can be carried out according to the requirement, the sampling of the soil at different depths is convenient, and meanwhile, the fixed rotating rod and the movable rotating rod are arranged in a telescopic manner, so that the length of the device can be conveniently adjusted according to the requirement of a user, the sampling efficiency is improved, and the labor pressure is reduced;
the auxiliary mechanism is arranged and can be combined with a sampling structure for use, when deep soil is sampled, the auxiliary drill bit and the protective sleeve can be used for supporting the side faces of the sampling drill bit and the combined sleeve until the sampling drill bit and the combined sleeve are screwed into a specified depth, then the sampling structure can be smoothly pulled out from the center of the auxiliary mechanism, the blocking of peripheral soil is avoided, the soil on the side edge cannot collapse, the original properties of the soil are kept, and the soil can be restored after the observation of the sampled soil is finished, so that the ecological environment is prevented from being damaged; the device sampling mode is diversified to the combination is simple, convenient to use, and the practicality is higher, is convenient for promote.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional elevation view of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the sampling structure in the embodiment of FIG. 1;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an auxiliary mechanism in the embodiment of fig. 1.
Reference numerals: 1-a sampling structure; 101-a sampling sleeve; 102-fixed rotating rod; 103-rotating the fastening sleeve; 104-a movable rotating rod; 105-a stem; 106-a combination sleeve; 107-first connecting coil; 108-a viewing aperture; 109-first connecting thread; 110-a sampling drill bit; 111-a second connecting coil; 112-sampling drill teeth; 2-an auxiliary mechanism; 201-an auxiliary sleeve; 202-driving a push handle; 203-protective sleeve; 204-a third connecting coil; 205-an auxiliary drill bit; 206-a fourth connecting coil; 207-auxiliary drilling teeth; 208-second connecting thread.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, a soil sampling device for maintaining original properties of soil includes a sampling structure 1 and an auxiliary mechanism 2;
the sampling structure 1 comprises a sampling sleeve 101, a combined sleeve 106 and a sampling drill bit 110, wherein a fixed rotating rod 102 is fixedly welded at the center of the top surface of the sampling sleeve 101, a movable rotating rod 104 is embedded at the top end of the fixed rotating rod 102 in a sliding manner, a rotary fastening sleeve 103 is arranged between the movable rotating rod 104 and the fixed rotating rod 102, a rotating handle 105 is vertically welded at the top end of the movable rotating rod 104, a first connecting spiral ring 107 is protruded at the top end of the combined sleeve 106, the combined sleeve 106 is connected to the bottom end of the sampling sleeve 101 through the first connecting spiral ring 107 in a threaded manner, a first connecting thread 109 is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the combined sleeve 106, a second connecting spiral ring 111 is protruded at the top end of the sampling drill bit 110, the second connecting spiral ring 111 is matched with the first connecting thread 109, the sampling drill bit 110 is connected to the bottom end of the combined sleeve 106 through the second connecting spiral ring 111 in a threaded manner, and sampling drill teeth 112 are arranged at the bottom end of the sampling drill bit 110 in a surrounding manner;
the auxiliary mechanism 2 comprises an auxiliary sleeve 201, a protective sleeve 203 and an auxiliary drill bit 205, the auxiliary sleeve 201 is slidably sleeved on the outer side surface of the sampling sleeve 101, two sides of the top end of the auxiliary sleeve 201 are symmetrically welded with a driving push handle 202, the protective sleeve 203 is slidably sleeved on the outer side surface of the combined sleeve 106, a third connecting helicoid 204 is protruded at the top end of the protective sleeve 203, the protective sleeve 203 is in threaded connection with the bottom end of the auxiliary sleeve 201 through the third connecting helicoid 204, a second connecting thread 208 is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the protective sleeve 203, a fourth connecting helicoid 206 is protruded at the top end of the auxiliary drill bit 205, the fourth connecting helicoid 206 is matched with the second connecting thread 208, the auxiliary drill bit 205 is in threaded connection with the bottom end of the protective sleeve 203 through the fourth connecting helicoid 206, and the bottom end of the auxiliary drill bit 205 is surrounded by auxiliary drill teeth 207.
In order to adjust the sample depth, conveniently sample the soil of different degree of depth, first connection helicoid 107 and first connecting thread 109 phase-match, combination sleeve 106 is provided with a plurality ofly, and a plurality of combination sleeves 106 are through first connection helicoid 107 and first connecting thread 109 end-to-end splice.
In order to adjust the auxiliary height, the sampling structure 1 and the auxiliary mechanism 2 are matched with each other for use, the third connecting screw 204 is matched with the second connecting screw 208, the plurality of protective sleeves 203 are arranged, and the plurality of protective sleeves 203 are spliced with the second connecting screw 208 end to end through the third connecting screw 204.
In order to match with each other for assistance, the number of the protective sleeve 203 is the same as that of the combined sleeve 106, the heights of the protective sleeve 203 are the same as that of the combined sleeve 106, height marks are recorded on the outer side surfaces of the protective sleeve 203 and the combined sleeve 106, the numerical values of the height marks are the same as that of the protective sleeve, the height marks are recorded on the outer side surfaces of the sampling sleeve 101 and the auxiliary sleeve 201, the numerical values of the height marks are the same as that of the combined sleeve 106, and when the sampling sleeve is used, the plurality of scales are combined and overlapped to calculate the drilling depth.
In order to observe and sample the soil of different depths, the side of sampling sleeve 101 and combination sleeve 106 all run through and have seted up observation hole 108, and observation hole 108 all lies in same side.
In order to avoid the combination sleeve 106 and the protection sleeve 203 from being disassembled during soil sampling, the rotation cutting directions of the sampling drill teeth 112 and the auxiliary drill teeth 207 are the same, the screwing directions of the third connecting spiral ring 204 and the second connecting thread 208 are the same as the screwing directions of the first connecting spiral ring 107 and the first connecting thread 109, and the rotation cutting directions are the same as the screwing directions, so that the combination sleeve 106 and the protection sleeve 203 are combined and connected more stably while rotating gradually deeply during soil sampling, and the disassembly cannot occur.
In order to improve the use comfort and match with soil drilling, the maximum combined length of the fixed rotating rod 102 and the rotary fastening sleeve 103 is 1m, and the minimum combined length of the fixed rotating rod 102 and the rotary fastening sleeve 103 is 0.5 m.
In summary, in the soil sampling device for maintaining original properties of soil provided by the utility model, when in operation, firstly, the sampling sleeve 101, the combination sleeve 106, the sampling drill 110, the auxiliary sleeve 201, the protective sleeve 203 and the auxiliary drill 205 can be disassembled and then packaged, so that the device does not occupy too long space and is convenient to carry;
secondly, after reaching a specified place, combining the auxiliary sleeve 201 and the protective sleeve 203 according to a required sampling depth, simultaneously combining the sampling sleeve 101 and the combined sleeve 106 to a proper length to facilitate soil sampling, then extending and retracting the movable rotating rod 104 relative to the fixed rotating rod 102 to a proper length, fixing the movable rotating rod by rotating the fastening sleeve 103, then sleeving the auxiliary sleeve 201 on the outer side surface of the sampling sleeve 101, simultaneously vertically placing the device on the surface of the sampled soil, rotating the sampling structure 1 through the rotating handle 105 according to the cutting direction of the sampling drill teeth 112 to enable the sampling drill 110 and the combined sleeve 106 to continuously go deep into the soil, then rotating the auxiliary mechanism 2 by driving the pushing handle 202 while rotating the certain depth to enable the auxiliary drill 205 and the protective sleeve 203 to go deep into the soil simultaneously, according to the combination quantity of the side scale of the protective sleeve 203 and the protective sleeve 203, the depth of the drilled soil is obtained, the protective sleeve 203 is drilled into a specified depth, the auxiliary drill bit 205 and the protective sleeve 203 can support the side of the sampling drill bit 110 and the combined sleeve 106, then the combined sleeve 106 is drilled continuously until the combined sleeve is screwed to be flush with the top end of the auxiliary sleeve 201, the specified drilling depth can be reached, then the sampling structure 1 can be smoothly pulled out from the center of the auxiliary mechanism 2 to avoid being blocked by peripheral soil, the soil on the side edge can not collapse, and the soil can be restored after the sampling soil is observed, so that the ecological environment is prevented from being damaged;
finally, when the depth of can taking a sample is more shallow, can directly make up through sample sleeve 101 and sample drill bit 110, the simultaneous sampling structure 1 alone take a sample can, the depth of sample is more shallow, and the probability of soil subsides is lower, need not to use complementary unit 2 to take a sample, and the sampling mode is diversified, and the practicality is higher.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. A soil sampling device for maintaining original properties of soil, comprising: a sampling structure (1) and an auxiliary mechanism (2);
the sampling structure (1) comprises a sampling sleeve (101), a combined sleeve (106) and a sampling drill bit (110), a fixed rotating rod (102) is fixedly welded at the center of the top surface of the sampling sleeve (101), a movable rotating rod (104) is embedded into the top end of the fixed rotating rod (102) in a sliding manner, a rotary fastening sleeve (103) is arranged between the movable rotating rod (104) and the fixed rotating rod (102), a rotating handle (105) is vertically welded at the top end of the movable rotating rod (104), a first connecting helicoid (107) is protruded at the top end of the combined sleeve (106), the combined sleeve (106) is in threaded connection with the bottom end of the sampling sleeve (101) through the first connecting helicoid (107), a first connecting thread (109) is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the combined sleeve (106), a second connecting helicoid (111) is protruded at the top end of the sampling drill bit (110), and the second connecting helicoid (111) is matched with the first connecting thread (109), the sampling drill bit (110) is in threaded connection with the bottom end of the combined sleeve (106) through the second connecting spiral ring (111), and sampling drill teeth (112) are arranged at the bottom end of the sampling drill bit (110) in a surrounding mode;
the auxiliary mechanism (2) comprises an auxiliary sleeve (201), a protective sleeve (203) and an auxiliary drill bit (205), the auxiliary sleeve (201) is sleeved on the outer side surface of the sampling sleeve (101) in a sliding mode, driving push handles (202) are symmetrically welded on two sides of the top end of the auxiliary sleeve (201), the protective sleeve (203) is sleeved on the outer side surface of the combined sleeve (106) in a sliding mode, a third connecting spiral ring (204) is arranged on the top end of the protective sleeve (203) in a protruding mode, the protective sleeve (203) is connected to the bottom end of the auxiliary sleeve (201) through the third connecting spiral ring (204) in a threaded mode, a second connecting thread (208) is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the protective sleeve (203), a fourth connecting spiral ring (206) is arranged on the top end of the auxiliary drill bit (205) in a protruding mode, and the fourth connecting spiral ring (206) is matched with the second connecting thread (208), the auxiliary drill bit (205) is in threaded connection with the bottom end of the protective sleeve (203) through the fourth connecting spiral ring (206), and auxiliary drill teeth (207) are arranged at the bottom end of the auxiliary drill bit (205) in a surrounding mode.
2. The soil sampling device for maintaining original soil characteristics according to claim 1, wherein: the first connecting spiral ring (107) is matched with the first connecting thread (109), the combined sleeve (106) is provided with a plurality of combined sleeves (106), and the combined sleeves (106) are spliced end to end through the first connecting spiral ring (107) and the first connecting thread (109).
3. The soil sampling device for maintaining original soil characteristics according to claim 2, wherein: the third connecting spiral ring (204) is matched with the second connecting thread (208), a plurality of protective sleeves (203) are arranged, and the plurality of protective sleeves (203) are spliced end to end with the second connecting thread (208) through the third connecting spiral ring (204).
4. The soil sampling device for maintaining original soil characteristics as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the number of the protection sleeve (203) is the same as that of the combined sleeve (106), the heights of the protection sleeve are the same, height marks are recorded on the outer side surfaces of the protection sleeve (203) and the combined sleeve (106) and have the same numerical value, and the height marks are recorded on the outer side surfaces of the sampling sleeve (101) and the auxiliary sleeve (201) and have the same numerical value.
5. The soil sampling device for maintaining original soil characteristics according to claim 4, wherein: the side surfaces of the sampling sleeve (101) and the combined sleeve (106) are provided with observation holes (108) in a penetrating mode, and the observation holes (108) are all located on the same side.
6. The soil sampling device for maintaining original soil characteristics according to claim 5, wherein: the rotary cutting direction of the sampling drill tooth (112) and the auxiliary drill tooth (207) is the same, the screwing direction of the third connecting screw ring (204) and the second connecting screw thread (208) is the same as the screwing direction of the first connecting screw ring (107) and the first connecting screw thread (109), and the rotary cutting direction is the same as the screwing direction.
7. The soil sampling device for maintaining original soil characteristics as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the maximum combined length of the fixed rotating rod (102) and the rotary fastening sleeve (103) is 1m, and the minimum combined length of the fixed rotating rod (102) and the rotary fastening sleeve (103) is 0.5 m.
CN202122011150.0U 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Soil sampling device capable of keeping original properties of soil Active CN215640264U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116558886A (en) * 2023-07-10 2023-08-08 山东黄金矿业科技有限公司充填工程实验室分公司 In-situ sampling device and method for downhole cemented filling body
CN117606849A (en) * 2024-01-22 2024-02-27 黑龙江省林业科学院伊春分院 Wetland soil collection system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116558886A (en) * 2023-07-10 2023-08-08 山东黄金矿业科技有限公司充填工程实验室分公司 In-situ sampling device and method for downhole cemented filling body
CN117606849A (en) * 2024-01-22 2024-02-27 黑龙江省林业科学院伊春分院 Wetland soil collection system

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