CN208505655U - Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling - Google Patents

Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208505655U
CN208505655U CN201821183936.2U CN201821183936U CN208505655U CN 208505655 U CN208505655 U CN 208505655U CN 201821183936 U CN201821183936 U CN 201821183936U CN 208505655 U CN208505655 U CN 208505655U
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China
Prior art keywords
shovel
spade
sampler
head
soil
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CN201821183936.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘硕
王梓任
张中华
闫亚东
王硕
杨娟
张侃
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Beijing Jinhe Water Construction Group Co Ltd
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Beijing Jinhe Water Construction Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201821183936.2U priority Critical patent/CN208505655U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of Simple samplers suitable for soil sampling, it includes left shovel and right shovel, the left shovel and right shovel are mainly made of spade with the shovel head for being mounted on spade lower end, the lower part of the left shovel and right shovel is hinged, in the vertical direction, the hinge joint of the left shovel and right shovel is much larger than the distance away from shovel head lower end away from the distance of spade upper end, and the shovel head of the left shovel and right shovel is in cylinder shape, and the lower end of shovel head is in downwardly convex pointed in middle part.Depth needed for shovel head is inserted into soil when use holds the top of spade, pulls two spade upper ends outward using leverage appropriateness, the soil being located therein is clamped and extracted.The utility model structure is simple, easy to carry, and does not need to dig pit, and the influence to surrounding is small, is suitable for soil and other similar sampling.

Description

Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Simple samplers suitable for soil sampling.
Background technique
Durings carrying out soil constituent analysis and geological prospecting etc., soil sampling is often carried out, it is special to take out specific position The soil of depthkeeping degree carries out analysis of experiments as sample, such as modern agriculture plantation needs to determine required fertilizer according to soil constituent Ingredient is expected, so that soil constituent is better adapted to specified plant in the demand in particular growth stage.Existing soil sampling is adopted more With dedicated sample devices, most common telescopic earth boring auger, point manual operations and Mechanical Driven two major classes, but essential structure and principle It is all sleeve rotating to be cut to soil, and extend into soil, the soil in-situ corresponding to sleeve hole, which is maintained in sleeve, to be formed Earth pillar takes out earth pillar after putting on sleeve, so that it may cutting sampling is carried out as needed, this precision used using device is high, when When using machine power, also have many advantages, such as laborsaving and high-efficient, but volume is big, and weight is big, inconvenient to carry, and common simple Sample mode is sampling of digging pit, and the hole of certain snake venom is dug out with spades, then directly adopt the specific position that exposes from hole and The soil of certain depth, the defect of this mode are that the area in hole is far longer than sampling area, and the influence to surrounding is big, and works Intensity is big, low efficiency.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling, it is this Sampler structure is simple, easy to carry, and does not need to dig pit, and the influence to surrounding is small.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling, including left shovel and right shovel, institute It states left shovel and right shovel to be mainly made of spade with the shovel head for being mounted on spade lower end, the lower part of the left shovel and right shovel is mutually cut with scissors It connects, on vertical direction (extending direction of spade), the hinge joint of the left shovel and right shovel is much larger than away from the distance of spade upper end Distance away from shovel head lower end.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: using when left and right shovel is placed in substantially vertical or lower end slightly oblique angle outward Degree makes two shovel heads surround a cylindrical space substantially, and the relative position of two shovel heads is kept to be basically unchanged, and firmly makes left shovel and right shovel It moves down simultaneously, shovel head is inserted into the sampling depth in soil, and spade is moderately pulled outward, which clamps two shovel heads tightly, is located at Shovel is mentioned upwards, shovel head is clipped soil and is put forward from soil together, the soil pressed from both sides between shovel head is exactly institute by soil therein The soil sample needed.This sampler structure is simple, light-weight, small in size, easy to carry, uses flexible, conveniently, is not necessarily to Special operative skill and security protection, while without power-equipment with hand and/or use underfooting in more soft soil Shovel head can be pressed onto depth needed for soil by pressure shovel, in relatively hard soil, can also will be shoveled with stone, hammer etc. It pounds in soil.
The utility model is applicable not only to soil sampling, and is further adapted to the sampling of other similar object, for example, compost Sampling etc. in the material heap of facility.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the organigram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is that the shovel head of the utility model or so shovel surrounds cylindrical schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the utility model clamping sample;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the utility model release sample.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described further with reference to the accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figs 1-4, the utility model is suitable for soil sampling or other similar substance samples, and is a kind of easy sampling Device, left shovel and right shovel mainly by spade 11,21 and are mounted on the shovel head 13,23 of spade lower end and constitute, the left shovel and the right side The lower part of shovel is hinged.Hinge joint on vertical direction (extending direction of spade) distance away from spade upper end preferably greater than or Person is much larger than the distance of (for example, at least 2 times) away from shovel head lower end, thus, it is possible to form leverage, holds the upper of spade Portion, as long as appropriateness pulls two spade upper ends outward, it will be able to guarantee that the soil being located therein is clamped, clamped by two shovel heads.
The shovel head of the left shovel and right shovel is preferably in cylinder shape, and the two, which can substantially surround a cylindricality, (allows phase Had the gap between mutually), i.e., both be the cylinder cylinder of same diameter, and the cross section radian of widest part position be 180 ° or so (such as 170-190 °), thus wherein add the soil sample lived substantially cylindrical, the cylinder with existing Sleeve drill formula samplers sample Shape sample shape is almost the same.
The shovel head lower end of the left shovel and right shovel is preferably in that middle part is downwardly convex pointed, facilitates insertion into soil.
The top of the shovel head can be equipped with tubular junction 12,22, and the pipe of corresponding shovel head is inserted into the lower end of the spade Shape interconnecting piece, and be fixed together by the modes such as nail, screw and the tubular junction of the shovel head, screw thread can also be used The easy-to-mount connection types such as connection fix the tubular junction of spade and shovel head, are achieved in shovel head consolidating on spade Dingan County's dress.
In a tubular form, thus alleged tubular junction overall shape in a tubular form, according to the convenience in processing, can be rolled up with plate There may be a seams.
The main part of the left shovel and right shovel is mutually mirror, and left shovel is identical with right shovel general outline, but allows root According to needs, the two is provided with the change in shape on different attachment or details.
The shovel head is preferably made of metal material, and the spade can use wooden handle, metal handle or high molecular material The size equidimension of handle or the compound handle of multiple material etc., shovel head and spade can be set according to actual needs.
The lower end of the spade is equipped with the connecting plate that is laterally extended out, and the connecting plate of the left shovel and right shovel is opposite and phase It is mutually hinged, it is achieved in being hinged for the left shovel and right shovel.
Be respectively equipped with mutual corresponding through-hole on the connecting plate of the left shovel and right shovel, articulated shaft 31 pass through the left shovel and The through-hole on the connecting plate of right shovel realizes being hinged for two connecting plates.
The articulated shaft can be bolt, be fixed with matched nut, be also possible to the optical axis of both ends setting major part.
It is described it is left shovel and right shovel connecting plate in preferably at least one be it is double-deck, at least one layer in another connecting plate It is inserted between the connecting plate of the bilayer, so that connection is more firm, avoids or mitigate swing.
When two connecting plates are all bilayer, two layers for being all inserted into another connecting plate for two layers of a connecting plate can be Between, it can also plug each other, i.e., each connecting plate has one layer to be inserted between two layers of another connecting plate.
A kind of convenient and fast embodiment is that the shovel head is formed by a plate through panel beating, and plate top is rolled up in a tubular form Continue to be laterally extended after interconnecting piece, form two layers of tabular interconnecting piece, then aperture can pass through a little for described hinged The modes such as weldering carry out local welding to the sheet metal component with proof strength, avoid using middle deformation.
The medial surface of the shovel head preferably uses the structure of convex-concave, for example, salient point, concave point, fin, groove etc. is distributed with, This convex-concave structure can be formed using impact style, in order to clamp soil equal samples, the lateral surface of the shovel head is preferably Smooth surface, resistance when being used with reducing are also possible to the structure of convex-concave according to processing technology.
Preferably at least there is a spade to be equipped with absolute altitude in the spade of the left shovel and right shovel, so that absolute altitude determines shovel head depth Degree, that is, sampling depth.
When the spade using wooden, high molecular material or other be made intolerant to the material of hammering when, the spade it is upper End is preferably provided with metal cap, and the metal cap is in the tubulose of top closure, and inner hole can be cylindrical hole, preferably taper (frustum Shape) hole, the upper end of the spade uses the shape similar with the inner hole of the metal cap, be inserted into the inner hole of the metal cap and with Metal cap is tightly held in together, can be with modes such as hammerings by shovel head insertion soil etc., after insertion in many ways when using as a result, To spade is shaken, the shovel head for accompanying sample is extracted with convenient, so that this Simple sampler is suitable for overwhelming majority soil Layer sampling.
The absolute altitude is reference mark line or is absolute altitude coated thread.
It is disclosed by the utility model it is each preferably with optional technological means, unless otherwise indicated and a preferred or optional skill Art means are that further limiting for another technological means is outer, can form several different technical solutions in any combination.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling, it is characterised in that including left shovel and right shovel, the left shovel and right shovel are equal It is mainly made of spade with the shovel head for being mounted on spade lower end, the lower part of the left shovel and right shovel is hinged.
2. sampler as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the shovel head of the left shovel and right shovel is in cylinder shape.
3. sampler as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the shovel head lower end of the left shovel and right shovel is downwardly convex in middle part It is pointed.
4. sampler as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the top of the shovel head is equipped with tubular junction, the spade Lower end be inserted into the tubular junction of corresponding shovel head and be fixed together with the tubular junction of the shovel head.
5. sampler as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the main part of the left shovel and right shovel is mutually mirror.
6. sampler as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the shovel head is made of metal material, and the spade uses The compound handle of wooden handle, metal handle or high molecular material handle or multiple material.
7. the sampler as described in claim 1-6 is any, it is characterised in that the lower end of the spade is equipped with and is laterally extended out Connecting plate, the connecting plate of the left shovel and right shovel is opposite and is hinged, and is achieved in the mutual hinge of the left shovel and right shovel It connects.
8. sampler as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that be respectively equipped on the connecting plate of the left shovel and right shovel mutually Corresponding through-hole, articulated shaft pass through the through-hole on the connecting plate of the left shovel and right shovel, realize the mutual hinge of two connecting plates It connects.
9. sampler as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that at least one in the connecting plate of the left shovel and right shovel is double Layer, it is inserted between the connecting plate of the bilayer at least one layer in another connecting plate.
10. sampler as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that at least one spade in the spade of the left shovel and right shovel It is equipped with absolute altitude, the absolute altitude is reference mark line or is absolute altitude coated thread.
CN201821183936.2U 2018-07-25 2018-07-25 Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling Active CN208505655U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821183936.2U CN208505655U (en) 2018-07-25 2018-07-25 Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821183936.2U CN208505655U (en) 2018-07-25 2018-07-25 Simple sampler suitable for soil sampling

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208505655U true CN208505655U (en) 2019-02-15

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CN (1) CN208505655U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108982146A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-11 北京金河水务建设集团有限公司 Simple sampler and the simple method of sampling suitable for soil sampling

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108982146A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-11 北京金河水务建设集团有限公司 Simple sampler and the simple method of sampling suitable for soil sampling

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