CN2153231Y - Electronic chemical comprehensive fresh keeping machine for fruit and vegetable - Google Patents

Electronic chemical comprehensive fresh keeping machine for fruit and vegetable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2153231Y
CN2153231Y CN 92209669 CN92209669U CN2153231Y CN 2153231 Y CN2153231 Y CN 2153231Y CN 92209669 CN92209669 CN 92209669 CN 92209669 U CN92209669 U CN 92209669U CN 2153231 Y CN2153231 Y CN 2153231Y
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air
iron
vegetables
fruit
preservation
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CN 92209669
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Chinese (zh)
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戚克有
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沈阳市仁义有限公司
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an electronic chemical comprehensive fresh keeping machine for fruit and vegetables, which belongs to a fresh-keeping device for the fruit and the vegetables, comprising a shell, an air filter net, an electrostatic air cleaner, an electric fan, an ozone positive-negative ion generator, an air filter membrane, an ultraviolet germicidal lamp and a high-voltage DC power supply generator. The electronic chemical comprehensive fresh keeping machine for the fruit and the vegetables of the utility model integrates the modern technology of the electronic chemistry, can effectively purify the air, can kill various germs in the air, can absorb the ethylene gas, the excess carbon dioxide and other harmful gases, has no chemical pollution, and is an ideal fresh keeping device for the fruit and the vegetables.

Description

本实用新型属于一种水果保鲜设备,特别适用于水果蔬菜贮存库内的保鲜之用。 The present invention belongs to a fruit preservation apparatus, particularly suitable for the preservation of fruits and vegetables with a storage library.

现有的水果蔬菜电子保鲜设备,或是化学保鲜设备都是单一的,对杀灭水果蔬菜贮藏库内空气中的病菌,吸收乙烯气体,过量二氧化碳,及各种有害气体的效率不高。 Fresh fruits and vegetables conventional electronic apparatus, or device is a single chemical preservation, air of the storage compartment to kill bacteria in fruits and vegetables, ethylene gas absorption, excess carbon dioxide, harmful gases and efficiency is not high. 尤其是采用单一的化学保鲜化学污染严重,因此,现有技术中的保鲜方法的设备存在严重问题。 Especially the use of a single chemical preservation severe chemical pollution, therefore, there are serious problems of the prior art apparatus of preservation methods.

本实用新型的目的是要克服现有技术中存在的问题,提出了一种电子和化学方法相结合的综合保鲜装置,它能有效地净化水果蔬菜贮藏库内的空气,杀灭空气中的各种病菌,吸收乙烯气体,过量二氧化碳及各种有害气体、固体和液体微粒,它无化学污染,是一种理想的水果蔬菜保鲜设备。 The object of the present invention is to overcome the problems in the prior art, is proposed an integrated preservation device for electronic and chemical methods combined, it can effectively clean the air storage compartment of fruits and vegetables, the respective air kill species of bacteria, ethylene gas absorption, excess carbon dioxide and harmful gases, solid and liquid particles, it has no chemical pollution, is an ideal device of fresh fruits and vegetables.

本实用新型所提出的水果蔬菜电子化学综合保鲜装置采用静电、臭氧正负离子、紫外线、化学综合技术,它可以吸收过滤各种固体和液体微粒,吸收的废气可达98%,乙烯95%,还能杀灭各种微生物、细菌、真菌、酵母菌、霉菌、曲菌和各种病毒达97.74%,它确能有效地净化库内空气,调节控制水果蔬菜呼吸,少消耗养份,延长保鲜时间。 The present integrated electronic chemicals fresh fruits and vegetables proposed new device using electrostatic, positive and negative ion ozone, ultraviolet radiation, chemical synthesis techniques, it can absorb a variety of solid and liquid particles by filtration, the exhaust gas is absorbed up to 98%, ethylene 95%, further can kill a variety of microorganisms, bacteria, fungi, yeasts, molds, and various viral aspergillosis of 97.74%, which has been effective in purifying compartment air conditioning control breathing fruits and vegetables, consume less nutrients, extend the preservation time .

本实用新型的综合保鲜装置包括电子综合空气净化杀菌器,电子化学综合吸收乙烯杀菌器和直流高压发生器。 The present invention comprises an electronic device integrated preservation integrated air purification sterilization, electronic integrated absorber chemical sterilizers and ethylene DC high voltage generator. 本装置的实施方案有二:1、本保鲜装置的第一种方案用于在库内的通风进气孔引进空气,吸收过滤掉空气中各种固体和液体微粒,杀灭各种微生物,以净化空气。 Apparatus of the present embodiment there are two: 1, a first embodiment of the present preservation device for introducing ventilation air inlet holes of the compartment, the air absorption filter out various solid and liquid particles, to kill all microorganisms to Purifying air. 它包括空气过滤网、静电空气净化器,臭氧正负离子发生器,电风机,空气过滤膜,紫外线杀菌灯和外壳。 It includes an air filter, an electrostatic air cleaner, the ozone positive and negative ion generator, electric fans, air filtration membrane, UV germicidal lamp and the housing. 空气过滤网可滤除空气中1mm以上的各种灰尘和微生物,静电空气净化器主要由55根0.23X200mm的高压放电铜丝和10块90X234X0.35mm的铁片组成,高压绝缘采用0.4X20mm尼龙线,铁片的间距为20mm,高压放电铜丝放在铁片中间,铜丝间的距离为15mm,铜丝与铁片间距离为10mm。 Air filter can filter out the air and dust than 1mm various microorganisms, mainly electrostatic air cleaner 55 a high-pressure discharge 0.23X200mm 90X234X0.35mm copper and iron piece 10 composed of high-voltage insulated wire using nylon 0.4X20mm , the pitch of the iron sheet is 20mm, a high voltage discharge wire in the middle of the iron sheet, the distance between the copper wire is 15mm, the distance between the copper and the iron plate was 10mm.

其中的静电空气净化器的工作原理为:铜丝上带有大量高压电荷,电荷密度较大,使铜丝放电,导致空气分子电离成大量正负离子,正离子被异性电极吸引,负离子受到铜丝的排斥,被带异性电荷的电极吸引。 Wherein the working principle of the electrostatic air cleaner: copper wire having a large number of high-voltage charge, charge density, so that the discharge wire, resulting in ionizing air molecules into a number of positive and negative ions, positive ions are attracted to the electrode of the opposite sex, copper ions by rejection, with the electrodes being opposite charges attract. 这些离子在运动过程中和空气中各种污染物接触,使污染物带上大量电荷。 These ions and various contaminants in the air during the movement of the contact, the amount of charge bring contaminants. 由于正负电荷的吸引,带大量电荷的空气正负离子的固体、液体、各种微生物迅速凝聚在异性电荷的铁片上,达到净化空气的目的。 Due to suction, the air highly charged positively or negatively charged positive and negative ions in solid, liquid, rapidly condense on various microorganisms iron piece opposite charges, to purify the air.

其中的电风机包括电机、风扇、电容0.9uF、400uF和支架,220V、28W的电风机将静电净化后的干净空气迅速引入臭氧正负离子发生器。 Wherein the electric blower includes a motor, a fan, a capacitor 0.9uF, 400uF and bracket, 220V, 28W of the electric fan and clean air is rapidly introduced into the ozone static purification positive and negative ion generator.

其中的臭氧正负离子发生器包括10块170X170X2mm厚的铁片,在其上钻有许多直径为10mm的圆孔,正极采用同样尺寸的铜箔板,在其上钻有8mm的圆孔,将大头针装入铜箔板上,再将两板对齐,中间用绝缘支柱隔开,放电针与铁片距离在8mm左右。 Wherein the positive and negative ion ozone generator 10 includes a thick iron 170X170X2mm, on which a number of drilled round holes having a diameter of 10mm, the size of the positive electrode using the same copper plate, drilled with circular holes 8mm thereon, the pins copper plate was charged, and then the two plates are aligned, separated by insulating pillars, and iron discharge needle distance of about 8mm.

臭氧正负离子发生器的工作原理为:由于极板大头针尖带有高电压电荷密度很大,在附近产生很强的电场,当电场强度达到一定值时,使尖端放电,引起周围空气离子剧烈运动,在针尖强电场和异性电极吸引产生电离作定向运动。 Positive and negative ion ozone generator works as follows: Since the plate high-voltage pin tip with a great charge density, a very strong electric field in the vicinity of, when the electric field strength reaches a certain value, the tip discharge, strenuous exercise causes ambient air ions , a strong electric field in the tip electrode to attract the opposite sex and ionization for directional movement. 臭氧正负离子能消除中和空气中各种固体和液体微粒,杀死各种微生物,使细菌和霉菌失去生命力。 Ozone can eliminate the positive and negative ions in the air and in a variety of solid and liquid particles to kill a variety of microorganisms, bacteria and mold lose its vitality.

其中的空气过滤膜由20mm海绵组成,用于空气过滤。 Wherein an air filter of 20mm film composed of sponge, for an air filter.

其中的紫外线杀菌灯,用220V、15W波长2537 Wherein the UV germicidal lamp, with 220V, 15W wavelength 2537

紫外线光进行杀菌,它由杀菌灯管、启动器,整流器组成。 Ultraviolet light sterilization, which consists germicidal lamp, starter, rectifiers. 由于2537 Since 2537

紫外线光有很强的杀伤和穿透能力,使病原微生物发生化学反应,蛋白质凝固变性而死亡,可杀死空气中各种细菌,控制各种细菌、霉菌、酵母菌的菌丝体生长孢发芽;孢子形成,限制各种微生物生长和发育。 Ultraviolet light and has a strong anti-penetration, so that pathogenic organisms chemical reaction, coagulation of protein denaturation and death, the air can kill various bacteria, control of various bacteria, molds, yeast spores germinate mycelial growth ; sporulation, limiting the growth and development of various microorganisms.

综合保鲜装置的外壳采用800X290X290X0.5的铁片制成。 A housing integrated preservation device using 800X290X290X0.5 sheet made of iron.

2、本保鲜装置的第二种实施方案包括静电吸收器、电风机、臭氧正负离子发生器、紫外线杀菌灯和外壳。 2, a second embodiment of the present apparatus includes an electrostatic fresh absorber, electric fans, positive and negative ion ozone generator, UV germicidal lamp and the housing. 其中的静电吸收器包括高压电极放电丝,它为35根0.23X20mm的铜丝,高压绝缘用直径0.4X20mm尼龙线,其负极为0.35X90X234mm规格的10块铁片,每块铁片上排列有直径为6mm的圆孔,5块海棉或活性炭夹在每相隔两片带孔铁片中间海棉或活性炭尺寸为190X234X20mm,作为载体,用高锰酸钾吸收乙烯气体,每块海棉与铁片正面对齐相距5mm,每隔一片铁片中间放一根高压放电铜丝,共11 为第一行,第二至第五行相隔每两片铁片中放4根铜丝,共6空24根,合计35根铜丝,铜丝之间距离为15mm铁片间距为20mm,铁片与铜丝的间距为10mm。 Wherein the absorber comprises an electrostatic high voltage electrode discharge wire, it is 35 0.23X20mm copper wire, high voltage insulation 0.4X20mm diameter nylon thread, which is extremely negative 0.35X90X234mm specifications iron 10, are arranged on each iron piece having a diameter of 6mm round holes, five or activated carbon sandwiched sponge every other activated intermediate size or sponge iron perforated sheet is a two 190X234X20mm, as a carrier, the ethylene gas absorption with potassium permanganate, each front sheet sponge iron apart alignment 5mm, a middle iron every discharge a high voltage discharge wire, a total of 11 for the first row, the second through fifth row of spaced every two copper iron sheet discharge 4, a total of six empty 24 total 35 copper wire, a distance between copper sheet iron 15mm pitch is 20mm, the pitch of the iron sheet and copper 10mm.

在各种水果蔬菜体内含有内源合成乙烯,它具有激素功能,使水果蔬菜早熟,水果蔬菜在成熟的不同时期,乙烯产生含量不同,它可使水果蔬菜呈呼吸高峰,果实变色,硬度迅速下降,酸性降低,可溶性糖增加,化学反应加快,由于乙烯使水果蔬菜成熟衰老加快,如不及时排出,会使水果蔬菜很快腐烂变质。 Fruits and vegetables contain a variety of in vivo endogenous synthesis of ethylene, having a functionality of hormones, so that premature fruits and vegetables, fruits and vegetables mature at different times, have different ethylene content, which can form climacteric fruits and vegetables, fruit color, hardness decreased rapidly , less acidic, soluble sugar, to accelerate the chemical reaction, since ethylene is accelerated ripening and senescence of fruits and vegetables, if not discharged, would soon rot of fruits and vegetables.

静电化学吸收乙烯的工作原理大致同电子综合空气净化器,只有在被静电吸引的乙烯气体通过铁片上面的大量圆孔时,被夹有以海棉或活性炭为载体的高锰酸钾所吸收。 Electrostatic chemical absorption principle is substantially the same ethylene-integrated electronic air cleaner, only through the large circular iron plate above, is interposed in a sponge or potassium permanganate supported on activated carbon in an ethylene gas is absorbed electrostatically attracted .

其中的电风机、臭氧正负离子发生器的结构和工作原理同电子综合空气净化器中的相应器件。 Wherein an electric fan, structure and working principle ozone respective positive and negative ion generator with integrated electronic device in the air cleaner.

其中的紫外线杀菌灯除由220V、15W波长为2537A紫外线光杀灭空气中各种病菌、病毒外,还有另一只220V、15W波长为1850A的紫外线光波照射,它与臭氧产生原子氧O,而不是臭氧,原子氧与臭氧活泼,能迅速地与乙烯气体和其它挥发性化合物产生化学反应。 Wherein the addition of UV germicidal lamp 220V, 15W ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 2537A in the air to kill all bacteria, viruses, there are other 220V, 15W ultraviolet light exposure wavelength of 1850A, which generates atomic oxygen O with ozone, instead of ozone, atomic oxygen and ozone inert, can quickly generate a chemical reaction with ethylene gas and other volatile compounds. 多余原子氧则迅速变为氧气,使库内空气变得新钱鲜,以达到净化空气吸收乙烯的目的。 Excess oxygen atomic oxygen is rapidly becoming the new money compartment becomes fresh air, for the purpose of purifying the air absorption of ethylene.

高压直流电源发生器包括电源、振荡、激励、推动、升压、整流和面壳,由它产生高压12KV,供给静电空气吸收器,静电化学吸收乙烯杀菌器,臭氧正负离子了生器。 Generator comprising a high voltage DC power supply, an oscillation excitation, promotion, boosted and rectified shell, which is generated by the high voltage 12KV, electrostatic air supply absorber, ethylene absorber electrostatic chemical disinfection, the positive and negative ion ozone generator. 其工作原理是将220V交流电,经50W变压器初级线圈,由次级线圈输出变到14伏交流电压,经过二极管桥式整流,再经电解电容滤波,输出直流12V电。 Its working principle is AC 220V, 50W via the transformer primary coil, the secondary coil becomes the output to 14 volts AC, via a diode bridge rectifier, and then filtered by electrolytic capacitor, output 12V DC power. 然后由B1组成脉冲振荡电路产生1560Hz脉冲电压,经R5至B2激励极进行放大的整形,再经激励变压器耦合至B3输出管,推动高压变压器升压,最后经升压二极管整流产生12KV直流高压电。 B1 is then generated by a pulse oscillation circuit composed of the pulse voltage 1560Hz, by shaping the excitation electrode B2 R5 to amplify, then energized transformer coupled to an output pipe B3, promoting high-voltage step-up transformer, and finally generates the boosted DC high voltage 12KV diode rectifier Electricity. 机壳尺寸大致为243X140X185mm。 Casing size substantially 243X140X185mm.

本实用新型的电子化学综合保鲜装置的实施例将结合附图说明如下,附图有:图1所示为电子综合空气净化杀菌器的结构示意图;图2为静电空气净化器正视图,图3为臭氧正负离子发生器正视图;图4为电子化学综合吸收乙烯杀菌器的结构示意图;图5、6分别为静电吸收器正、侧视图,图7为臭氧离子发生器放 大图, 图8、9分别表示了高压直流电源发生器的线路图和电路板图。 Embodiments of the present invention electrochemical integrated preservation device will be described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the drawings are: purification sterilization is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic integrated air shown in FIG. 1; FIG. 2 is a front view of an electrostatic air cleaner, FIG. 3 positive and negative ion generator, ozone elevation; Figure 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic ethylene disinfection chemical synthesis absorption; Figures 5 and 6 respectively, the positive electrostatic adsorption, side view, and FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of an ozone generator, an ion, 8, 9 show a circuit diagram of a circuit board and high voltage DC power generator of FIG.

在图1中:1为机壳,2为静电空气净化器,3为电风机,4为臭氧正负离子发生器,5为空气过滤膜,6为空气过滤网,7为紫外线杀菌灯(2537 In the drawings 1: 1 casing, 2 an electrostatic air cleaner, an electric fan 3, 4 for the positive and negative ion ozone generator, an air filter membrane 5, 6 for the air filter, UV germicidal lamp 7 (2537

)。 ). 在图2、3中:8为放电丝,9为铁片,10为绝缘物,11为大头针,12为圆孔。 In Figures 2, 3: as the discharge wire 8, 9 iron sheet, an insulating material 10, 11 is a pin, 12 is a circular hole.

在图中:13为海绵,14为紫外线灯(1850 In the drawings: sponge 13, an ultraviolet lamp 14 (1850

),15为海绵或活性炭、高锰酸钾吸收片,16为静电吸收器。 ), A sponge 15 or activated carbon, potassium permanganate absorbent sheet, 16 is a static absorber.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种水果蔬菜保鲜机,其特征在于它包括:外壳,空气过滤网,静电空气净化器,电风机,臭氧正负离子发生器,空气过滤膜,紫外线杀菌灯和高压直流电源发生器。 A machine fresh fruits and vegetables, characterized in that it comprises: a housing, an air filter, an electrostatic air cleaner, electric fan, positive and negative ion ozone generator, an air filter membrane, UV germicidal lamps and high-voltage direct current power generator.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的保鲜机,其特征在于所述的静电空气净化器包括55根0.23×200MM高压放电铜丝和10块90×234×0.35MM的铁片。 2. Preservation machine according to claim 1, wherein said air cleaner comprising an electrostatic 0.23 × 200MM 55 and a high voltage discharge wire 10 is 90 × 234 × 0.35MM iron.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的保鲜机,其特征在于所述紫外线杀菌灯主要由一只灯管组成,其紫外线波长为2537 3. Preservation machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the UV germicidal lamp composed mainly of a lamp, which ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 2537
    .
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的保鲜机,其特征在于所述紫外线杀菌灯主要由两只灯管组成,其中之一的紫外线波长为2537 4. Preservation machine according to claim 1, wherein said UV lamp is mainly composed of two tubes, one of which is ultraviolet wavelengths 2537
    ,而另一的紫外线波长为1850 And the other UV wavelength 1850
    .
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的保鲜机,其特征在于所述静电吸收机包括35根0.23×200MM高压放电铜丝,10块90×234×0.35MM的铁片和5片位于每隔2块铁片之间的用海棉或活性炭为载体的高锰酸钾制成的片。 5. Preservation machine according to claim 1, wherein said electrostatic adsorption unit comprises 35 0.23 × 200MM high voltage discharge wire, 10 90 × 234 × 0.35MM iron piece and the two 5 in every second or supported on activated carbon with a sponge sheet made of iron between potassium permanganate.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的保鲜机,其特征在于所述臭氧正负离子发生器包括1块钻有许多直径为10MMM圆孔的铁片和在其上钻有直径为8MM圆孔的铜箔板,在所述铜箔板上装有大头针,在所述铁片和铜箔板之间绝缘支柱隔开。 6. Preservation foil machine according to claim 1, wherein said positive and negative ion ozone generator comprises a drill diameter 10MMM many circular iron plate and drilled with a diameter of the circular hole in a 8MM plate, copper plate with the pin, spaced from the insulation posts between the iron and the copper plate.
CN 92209669 1992-05-12 1992-05-12 Electronic chemical comprehensive fresh keeping machine for fruit and vegetable CN2153231Y (en)

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CN100451504C (en) 2003-09-08 2009-01-14 夏普株式会社 Ion diffuser
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US7959869B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2011-06-14 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Air treatment apparatus with a circuit operable to sense arcing
US8043573B2 (en) 2004-02-18 2011-10-25 Tessera, Inc. Electro-kinetic air transporter with mechanism for emitter electrode travel past cleaning member
CN103193033A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 桂雷珠 High-voltage electrostatic field fruit and vegetable fresh-keeping box provided with ozone generator

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CN1068508C (en) * 1995-10-24 2001-07-18 三菱电机株式会社 Microbial reproduction preventing method and device
US7695690B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2010-04-13 Tessera, Inc. Air treatment apparatus having multiple downstream electrodes
US8425658B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2013-04-23 Tessera, Inc. Electrode cleaning in an electro-kinetic air mover
US7976615B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2011-07-12 Tessera, Inc. Electro-kinetic air mover with upstream focus electrode surfaces
US7959869B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2011-06-14 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Air treatment apparatus with a circuit operable to sense arcing
USRE41812E1 (en) 1998-11-05 2010-10-12 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Electro-kinetic air transporter-conditioner
US7662348B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2010-02-16 Sharper Image Acquistion LLC Air conditioner devices
US7767165B2 (en) 1998-11-05 2010-08-03 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Personal electro-kinetic air transporter-conditioner
US7724492B2 (en) 2003-09-05 2010-05-25 Tessera, Inc. Emitter electrode having a strip shape
CN100412483C (en) 2003-09-08 2008-08-20 夏普株式会社 Fine particle diffuser and refrigerator with the same
CN100451504C (en) 2003-09-08 2009-01-14 夏普株式会社 Ion diffuser
US7767169B2 (en) 2003-12-11 2010-08-03 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Electro-kinetic air transporter-conditioner system and method to oxidize volatile organic compounds
US8043573B2 (en) 2004-02-18 2011-10-25 Tessera, Inc. Electro-kinetic air transporter with mechanism for emitter electrode travel past cleaning member
CN100494795C (en) 2004-05-12 2009-06-03 杨瑞源 Household electric appliances having positive negative ion generation devices
CN1306876C (en) * 2004-07-22 2007-03-28 河北农业大学 Equipment for removing etherlene in air-regulating store house of fruits and vegetables
US7897118B2 (en) 2004-07-23 2011-03-01 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Air conditioner device with removable driver electrodes
US7833322B2 (en) 2006-02-28 2010-11-16 Sharper Image Acquisition Llc Air treatment apparatus having a voltage control device responsive to current sensing
CN100417323C (en) 2006-06-20 2008-09-10 郑建秋 Means for killing harmful bios in horticultural equipment by using ozone
CN103193033A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 桂雷珠 High-voltage electrostatic field fruit and vegetable fresh-keeping box provided with ozone generator

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