CN214807630U - Improved tracheal cannula fixer - Google Patents

Improved tracheal cannula fixer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214807630U
CN214807630U CN202121309517.0U CN202121309517U CN214807630U CN 214807630 U CN214807630 U CN 214807630U CN 202121309517 U CN202121309517 U CN 202121309517U CN 214807630 U CN214807630 U CN 214807630U
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China
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fixing
plate
tracheal cannula
improved
fixing plate
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CN202121309517.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李超
安喆
杨冰姿
郑利娜
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China Japan Friendship Hospital
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China Japan Friendship Hospital
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Abstract

An improved tracheal cannula fixer comprises a fixer body; the fixer body comprises an arc-shaped fixing plate, and the arc-shaped fixing plate comprises a fixing area positioned in the middle and oral care areas positioned on two sides of the fixing area; a first adjusting component for fixing and adjusting the tracheal cannula and a second adjusting component for placing and adjusting the sputum suction tube are arranged in the fixing area; the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube are fixed at the fixing area in such a way, and the fixing effect of the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube is realized by operating the first adjusting assembly and the second adjusting assembly; the oral nursing area is arranged, so that the oral cavity of the patient can be cleaned conveniently, and the practicability is high.

Description

Improved tracheal cannula fixer
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of medical instrument, concretely relates to is an improved generation trachea cannula fixer.
Background
Trachea cannula is an effective method for establishing artificial airway when clinically rescuing cardiac arrest and other critical patients. However, the trachea cannula must be well fixed to ensure effective ventilation of the patient, and once the trachea cannula is pulled out, the patient is injured again, such as untimely detection or improper treatment, and even death due to acute hypoxia asphyxia can be caused.
At present, tracheal intubation is generally fixed in hospitals by two ways, the first way is that after successful intubation is determined, a bite block is placed between upper and lower incisors of a patient, the tracheal intubation and the bite block are bound and fixed side by an adhesive tape, and finally, a trachea is fixed on the cheek part of the patient by the adhesive tape; the fixing mode has the following defects: 1. due to the secretion of facial skin grease, the adhesive plaster viscosity is easy to weaken or lose, so that the connection is not firm, and the catheter is easy to loosen and dislocate; 2. the depth of the catheter can not be adjusted according to the requirement after the catheter is fixed; 3. the sputum in the oral cavity of the patient is inconvenient to clean; 4. the adhesive plaster is fixed by adhesive, so that the phenomena of skin allergy and the like of partial patients are easily caused. The second is to use the trachea cannula fixer to fix the trachea cannula fast, safely, stably to effectively overcome the shortcoming of adopting the fixed intubate of the first fixed mode, also greatly made things convenient for medical personnel's operation, reduced postoperative complication, reduced the probability of retrograde infection, increased patient's comfort level. However, the tracheal cannula fixator commonly used in the hospital still has the following defects: 1. the oral cavity cleaning window is small, so that the oral cavity of a patient is inconvenient to clean effectively when the fixator is worn; 2. the fixing position of the trachea is not firm enough, and the trachea is easy to slide in the using process; 3. the part close to the face is made of harder materials and cannot be adjusted according to the face shape of a patient, so that the comfort of the patient is not enough, and the risk of pressure sores and the like is high; 3. in the treatment process of wearing the fixator, the difficulty in cleaning sputum, saliva and other liquid in the oral cavity of a patient is high. There is therefore a need for an improved endotracheal tube holder which effectively overcomes the above drawbacks.
The utility model provides an above-mentioned problem, provide an improved generation trachea cannula fixer.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the problems presented in the background, the present invention provides an improved tracheal cannula fixation device.
An improved tracheal cannula fixer comprises a fixer body; the fixer body comprises an arc-shaped fixing plate, and the arc-shaped fixing plate comprises a fixing area positioned in the middle and oral care areas positioned on two sides of the fixing area; a first adjusting component for fixing and adjusting the tracheal cannula and a second adjusting component for placing and adjusting the sputum suction tube are arranged in the fixing area; the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube are fixed at the fixing area in such a way, and the fixing effect of the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube is realized by operating the first adjusting assembly and the second adjusting assembly; the oral nursing area is arranged, so that the oral cavity of the patient can be cleaned conveniently, and the practicability is high.
Furthermore, the fixing area corresponds to the oral cavity part of the patient, and the left length and the right length of the fixing area occupy 1/3-1/2 of the left total length and the right total length of the arc-shaped fixing plate; this range can fit the size of the mouth of most patients.
Further, a first through groove with an opening is arranged in the fixing area and used for accommodating the first adjusting component and the second adjusting component; arranging a convex plate with the shape consistent with that of the first through groove on the far skin side edge of the first through groove; the arrangement of the protruding plate arranged on the outer side of the first through groove ensures the normal work of the first adjusting component.
Further, the oral care areas are respectively provided with a second through groove which is convenient to operate.
Further, the first adjusting assembly comprises a threaded rod, a first clamping ring arranged at the first end of the threaded rod and a handle arranged at the second end of the threaded rod; a second clamping ring matched with the first clamping ring is arranged on the inner side of the convex plate, and an air pipe channel is formed between the first clamping ring and the second clamping ring; a through threaded hole which penetrates through the inner side and the outer side of the convex plate and is used for the threaded rod to extend into and rotate is additionally arranged; during the use, trachea cannula places in trachea passageway, and the rethread rotatory threaded rod constantly reduces the distance between first snap ring and the second snap ring, until pressing from both sides tight trachea cannula. The stable fixing of trachea cannula can be effectively guaranteed through the arrangement.
Furthermore, one end of the skin attaching side of the first clamping ring and one end of the skin attaching side of the second clamping ring are positioned at the upper end of the skin attaching side of the arc-shaped fixing plate; this arrangement desirably avoids the first and second clasps from interfering with the patient.
Furthermore, when the first clamping ring and the second clamping ring form a complete circle, the first clamping ring and the second clamping ring are not contacted; the arrangement ensures the fixing effect of trachea cannula with different tube diameters.
Further, a bite plate is arranged on the skin-close side of the second clamping ring, and the bite plate exceeds the skin-close side of the arc-shaped fixing plate by 1-4 cm; this arrangement provides excellent protection for the endotracheal tube and the patient.
Further, an acute angle included angle between the central line of the threaded rod and a vertical line where the upper end and the lower end of the arc-shaped fixing plate are located is set to be 45-90 degrees; through changing the angle of the relative arc-shaped fixing plate of the threaded rod, the oral cavity of the patient can be nursed by medical staff through the oral cavity nursing area.
Further, first snap ring or second snap ring upper end set up first fixed plate, during the use, paste medical adhesive tape in the first fixed plate outside to fix trachea cannula with the free end of medical adhesive tape, realize fixed the secondary of trachea cannula.
Further, a second adjusting assembly is arranged on one side, away from the first clamping ring, of the second clamping ring, and comprises a placing pipe with a sputum suction pipe channel, which is arranged between the convex plate and the second clamping ring, and a second fixing plate arranged at the upper end of the placing pipe; when the medical adhesive plaster is used, the sputum suction tube firstly extends into the sputum suction tube channel, then the medical adhesive plaster is adhered to the outer side of the second fixing plate, and the position of the sputum suction tube is effectively fixed by utilizing the free end of the medical adhesive plaster.
Further, the suction tube channel and the airway channel are parallel to each other; the arrangement ensures that the sputum suction pipe can reach the lowest part of the oral cavity more easily, and the sputum suction is convenient and thorough.
Furthermore, protective housings for protecting the outer side walls are arranged on the outer sides of the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate, and when the fixator is idle, the protective housings are respectively sleeved outside the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate; when in use, the protective shell is taken away from the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate, and the medical adhesive plaster is adhered to the corresponding position; this kind of setting is effectively guaranteed first fixed plate and second fixed plate not contaminated by the dust.
Further, the skin-friendly side of the arc-shaped fixing plate is provided with a soft cushion layer made of a tearable soft material, so that the comfort level of a patient during use is guaranteed, and the risk of cross infection of different patients during use can be reduced.
Further, the oral care district of arc fixed plate is with the silica gel material that has the activity degree, and the silica gel material can take place deformation according to patient's face, avoids taking place to press the sore, more can guarantee the comfort level.
Furthermore, the two ends of the arc-shaped fixing plate are respectively and symmetrically provided with fixing lugs with fixing holes, and fixing belts capable of penetrating through the fixing holes are arranged in addition.
The utility model has the advantages that: 1. the function of effectively cleaning the oral cavity of a patient when the fixator is worn is effectively realized by dividing the arc-shaped fixing plate into the fixing area and the oral cavity nursing area and changing the direction of the threaded rod relative to the fixing area; 2. the fixing effect on the tracheal cannula and the sputum suction tube is effectively ensured by arranging the first adjusting assembly and the second adjusting assembly in the fixing area, and the sputum suction tube channel and the trachea channel are arranged in parallel, so that the sputum suction tube can reach the lowest part of the oral cavity more easily, and the sputum suction is convenient and thorough; 3. the inner side walls of the sputum suction pipe channel, the trachea channel and the occlusal plate are set to be frosted surfaces, so that the friction coefficient can be effectively increased; the upper ends of the trachea channel and the sputum suction channel are respectively provided with a first fixing plate and a second fixing plate to realize secondary fixing of the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube; 4. through setting up the silica gel material for having the activity degree with oral care district, effectively solve present fixer and can't adjust according to patient's shape of face to lead to easily taking place to press the problem of sore.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the front view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic top view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention in which 1 fixing band is provided;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a partially enlarged structure of the middle fixing region (the upper end of the first snap ring or the second snap ring is not provided with the first fixing plate, and the upper end of the placing tube is also not provided with the second fixing plate) of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of a partially enlarged structure of the middle fixing area (a first fixing plate is disposed at the upper end of the first snap ring or the second snap ring, and a second fixing plate is disposed at the upper end of the placing tube) according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of the first adjusting assembly and the second adjusting assembly of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a partially enlarged structural view of the middle fixing area (when the medical adhesive tape is adhered to the outer sides of the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate) of the present invention;
in the figure, 1, an arc-shaped fixing plate; 11. a fixed zone; 12. an oral care area; 13. a first through groove; 14. a raised plate; 15. a second through groove; 16. fixing the ear; 17. fixing belts; 18. a soft cushion layer; 21. a threaded rod; 22. a first snap ring; 23. a handle; 24. a second snap ring; 25. a tracheal passage; 26. a bite plate; 27. a first fixing plate; 31. placing a tube; 32. a suction line channel; 33. a second fixing plate; 34. a protective shell; 35. a medical adhesive plaster.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to specific embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments, and those skilled in the art can easily understand other advantages and effects of the present invention from the disclosure in the specification. The utility model discloses can also implement or use through other different concrete implementation manners, under the condition of conflict-free, the characteristics in following embodiment and the embodiment can make up each other, based on the embodiment in the utility model, all other embodiments that the ordinary skilled in the art obtained under the prerequisite of not making creative work all belong to the scope of protection of the utility model.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, an improved tracheal cannula fixator in this embodiment includes a fixator body; the fixer body comprises an arc-shaped fixing plate 1, wherein the arc-shaped fixing plate 1 comprises a fixing area 11 positioned in the middle and oral care areas 12 positioned on two sides of the fixing area 11; a first adjusting component for fixing and adjusting the tracheal cannula and a second adjusting component for placing and adjusting the sputum suction tube are arranged in the fixing area 11; the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube are fixed at the fixing area 11 in this way, and the fixing effect of the trachea cannula and the sputum suction tube is realized by operating the first adjusting assembly and the second adjusting assembly; the arrangement of the oral cavity nursing area 12 facilitates the cleaning of the oral cavity of the patient, and the practicability is strong.
The fixing area 11 corresponds to the oral cavity part of a patient, and the left length and the right length of the fixing area 11 occupy 1/3-1/2 of the left total length and the right total length of the arc-shaped fixing plate 1; this range can fit the size of the mouth of most patients.
A first through groove 13 with an opening for accommodating the first and second adjusting components is provided in the fixing area 11; a convex plate 14 with the same shape as the first through groove 13 is arranged at the far skin side edge of the first through groove 13; this arrangement of the raised plate 14 outside the first through groove 13 ensures proper operation of the first adjustment assembly. The oral care regions 12 are each provided with a second through-groove 15 for easy handling.
The first adjusting component comprises a threaded rod 21, a first clamping ring 22 arranged at a first end of the threaded rod 21, and a handle 23 arranged at a second end of the threaded rod 21; a second snap ring 24 matched with the first snap ring 22 is arranged on the inner side of the convex plate 14, and an air pipe channel 25 is formed between the first snap ring 22 and the second snap ring 24; a through threaded hole which is used for the threaded rod 21 to extend into and rotate is arranged on the inner side and the outer side of the through convex plate 14; when the tracheal cannula clamping device is used, the tracheal cannula is placed in the tracheal channel 25, and then the distance between the first clamping ring 22 and the second clamping ring 24 is continuously reduced by rotating the threaded rod 21 until the tracheal cannula is clamped. The stable fixing of trachea cannula can be effectively guaranteed through the arrangement.
One ends of the skin attaching sides of the first clamping ring 22 and the second clamping ring 24 are positioned at the upper end of the skin attaching side of the arc-shaped fixing plate 1; this arrangement desirably prevents first snap ring 22 and second snap ring 24 from interfering with the patient. When the first snap ring 22 and the second snap ring 24 form a complete circle, the first snap ring 22 and the second snap ring 24 are not contacted; the arrangement ensures the fixing effect of trachea cannula with different tube diameters.
A bite plate 26 is arranged on the skin-close side of the second snap ring 24, and the bite plate 26 exceeds the skin-close side of the arc-shaped fixing plate 1 by 1-4 cm; this arrangement provides excellent protection for the endotracheal tube and the patient. The inner side walls of the first snap ring 22 and the bite plate 26 are provided with frosted surfaces, so that the friction coefficient is increased, and the fixation is more firm.
The soft cushion layer 18 made of the tearable soft material is arranged on the skin-friendly side of the arc-shaped fixing plate 1, so that the comfort degree of a patient during use is ensured, and the risk of cross infection during use of different patients can be reduced.
The silica gel material that has the activity degree is chooseed for use in the oral care district 12 of arc fixed plate 1, and the silica gel material can take place deformation according to patient's face, avoids taking place to press the sore, more can guarantee the comfort level.
Two ends of the arc-shaped fixing plate 1 are respectively and symmetrically provided with fixing lugs 16 with fixing holes, and fixing belts 17 capable of penetrating through the fixing holes are arranged. The number of the fixing belts 17 is 1 or 2, when 1 fixing belt 17 is arranged, one end of each fixing belt 17 is fixed at the fixing lug 16 on any side, and the other end of each fixing belt 17 extends into the fixing hole and then is turned back to be effectively fixed; when the fixing bands 17 are arranged 2, the fixing bands 17 on two sides can be arranged to be long or short, so that the examination and the nursing are convenient. The single-side fixing strap 17 or the double-side fixing strap 17 can be connected through a thread gluing or a magic tape or other convenient connection modes.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the present embodiment adds the following technical features on the basis of embodiment 1: the acute angle included angle between the central line of the threaded rod 21 and the vertical line of the upper end and the lower end of the arc-shaped fixing plate 1 is set to be 45-90 degrees; through changing the angle of threaded rod 21 relative arc fixed plate 1, make things convenient for medical personnel to nurse patient's oral cavity through oral care district 12.
Example 3
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the present embodiment adds the following technical features on the basis of embodiment 1 or embodiment 2: the first fixing plate 27 is arranged at the upper end of the first snap ring 22 or the second snap ring 24, when in use, the medical adhesive tape 35 is pasted on the outer side of the first fixing plate 27, the free end of the medical adhesive tape 35 is fixed on the trachea cannula, and the trachea cannula is fixed for the second time. A protective shell 34 for protecting the outer side wall is arranged on the outer side of the first fixing plate 27, and when the fixer is not used, the protective shell 34 is sleeved outside the first fixing plate 27; when in use, the protective shell 34 is taken away from the first fixing plate 27, and the medical adhesive tape 35 is pasted at the corresponding position; this arrangement effectively ensures that the first fixing plate 27 is not contaminated by dust.
Example 4
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the present embodiment adds the following technical features on the basis of embodiment 1, embodiment 2, or embodiment 3: a second adjusting component is arranged on one side of the second clamping ring 24 far away from the first clamping ring 22, and comprises a placing pipe 31 with a sputum suction pipe channel 32 and arranged between the convex plate 14 and the second clamping ring 24, and a second fixing plate 33 arranged at the upper end of the placing pipe 31; when in use, the sputum suction tube firstly extends into the sputum suction tube channel 32, then the medical adhesive plaster 35 is adhered to the outer side of the second fixing plate 33, and the position of the sputum suction tube is effectively fixed by utilizing the free end of the medical adhesive plaster 35. The suction line channel 32 and the airway channel 25 are parallel to each other; the arrangement ensures that the sputum suction pipe can reach the lowest part of the oral cavity more easily, and the sputum suction is convenient and thorough. The inner side wall of the sputum suction pipe channel 32 is a frosted surface, so that friction force is increased.
Protective housings 34 for protecting the outer side walls are arranged on the outer sides of the first fixing plate 27 and the second fixing plate 33, and when the fixator is idle, the protective housings 34 are respectively sleeved outside the first fixing plate 27 and the second fixing plate 33; when in use, the protective shell 34 is taken away from the first fixing plate 27 and the second fixing plate 33, and the medical adhesive tape 35 is pasted at the corresponding position; this arrangement effectively ensures that the first fixing plate 27 and the second fixing plate 33 are not contaminated by dust.
The above description of the embodiments is only intended to illustrate the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, several modifications can be made to the present invention, and these modifications will fall within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An improved tracheal cannula fixator comprises a fixator body, and is characterized in that the fixator body comprises an arc-shaped fixing plate, the arc-shaped fixing plate comprises a fixing area in the middle and oral care areas on two sides of the fixing area; a first adjusting component for fixing and adjusting the tracheal cannula and a second adjusting component for placing and adjusting the sputum suction tube are arranged in the fixing area.
2. The improved endotracheal tube fixer according to claim 1, wherein a first through slot having an opening is provided in the fixing section for receiving the first and second regulating members; and a convex plate with the shape consistent with that of the first through groove is arranged at the far skin side edge of the first through groove.
3. The improved endotracheal tube holder of claim 1 wherein the first adjustment assembly comprises a threaded shaft, a first snap ring disposed at a first end of the threaded shaft, and a handle disposed at a second end of the threaded shaft; a second clamping ring matched with the first clamping ring is arranged on the inner side of the convex plate, and an air pipe channel is formed between the first clamping ring and the second clamping ring; in addition, a through threaded hole is formed in the inner side and the outer side of the through protruding plate, and the threaded rod extends into the through threaded hole and rotates.
4. The improved tracheal cannula fixator of claim 3 wherein the skin side ends of the first and second clasps are located at the upper end of the skin side of the curved fixation plate.
5. The improved endotracheal tube holder according to claim 3, wherein the first snap ring and the second snap ring do not contact when they form a complete circle.
6. The improved tracheal cannula fixator of claim 3 wherein a bite plate is disposed on the skin proximal side of the second retainer ring, the bite plate extending 1cm to 4cm beyond the skin proximal side of the curved fixation plate.
7. An improved tracheal cannula fixator according to claim 3 wherein the acute angle between the centre line of the threaded rod and the vertical line of the upper and lower ends of the curved fixation plate is set to 45 ° to 90 °.
8. The improved tracheal cannula fixator of claim 3 wherein a second adjustment assembly is disposed on a side of the second retainer ring remote from the first retainer ring, the second adjustment assembly comprising a placement tube with a suction tube channel disposed between the raised plate and the second retainer ring, and a second fixation plate disposed at an upper end of the placement tube.
9. The improved endotracheal tube holder of claim 8 wherein the suction tube channel and the airway channel are parallel to each other.
10. The improved tracheal cannula holder of any one of claims 1-9 wherein the oral care area of the curved fixation plate is made of a silicone material having mobility.
CN202121309517.0U 2021-06-11 2021-06-11 Improved tracheal cannula fixer Active CN214807630U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121309517.0U CN214807630U (en) 2021-06-11 2021-06-11 Improved tracheal cannula fixer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202121309517.0U CN214807630U (en) 2021-06-11 2021-06-11 Improved tracheal cannula fixer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214807630U true CN214807630U (en) 2021-11-23

Family

ID=78805403

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202121309517.0U Active CN214807630U (en) 2021-06-11 2021-06-11 Improved tracheal cannula fixer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214807630U (en)

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