CN214696091U - T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage - Google Patents

T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214696091U
CN214696091U CN202120208759.4U CN202120208759U CN214696091U CN 214696091 U CN214696091 U CN 214696091U CN 202120208759 U CN202120208759 U CN 202120208759U CN 214696091 U CN214696091 U CN 214696091U
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garage
longitudinal beam
column
shaped
plate
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CN202120208759.4U
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王隆权
刘越
黎浩
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Chengdu Jikuzhizao Technology Co ltd
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Chengdu Jikuzhizao Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of the garage, a T type post bearing structure and assembled garage for garage specifically discloses, aim at reducing roof beam and the required connecting reinforcement of post joint position and effectively reduce garage layer height. According to the T-shaped column supporting structure, the T-shaped column is arranged on the bottom plate of the garage layer, and the left end and the right end of the upper part of the T-shaped column are respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam, so that the supporting contact surface area of the connecting part of the beam and the column can be increased, the steel bars needed for connecting the beam and the column are reduced or even omitted, the construction efficiency can be improved, the construction quality is ensured, and the application in an assembled garage is facilitated; on the other hand, can reduce the span between the support position of perpendicular to equipment pipeline trend, and then can reduce the roof part's that just corresponds with the equipment pipeline thickness to utilize the thickness that this part of roof reduces to digest the required height space that occupies of installation equipment pipeline, thereby the systematic garage floor height that reduces.

Description

T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the garage, concretely relates to T type post bearing structure and assembled garage for garage.
Background
The column net of the traditional garage supporting structure is mainly divided into a large column net, a middle column net and a small column net. The garage space sense of the large column net supporting structure is good, but the structural cost of the beam plate part is slightly higher, the height of the garage layer is higher, and the comprehensive economy is not good; the beam plate part of the garage with the middle column net supporting structure has lower structure cost, slightly shorter layer height and better comprehensive economy, but the space sense is slightly inferior to that of a large column net, and when a pile foundation is arranged, the economic advantage is obviously reduced and even is inferior to that of the large column net; the garage layer height of the small-column net supporting structure is relatively lowest, the comprehensive economy is best, but the space sense is not good.
Moreover, the area of a support contact surface of a joint position of a beam and a column of the traditional garage support structure is small, and the connection strength of the joint position can be ensured only by more connecting steel bars; but the reinforcing bar is crossed very much and is unfavorable for the assembled construction of garage again, if the assembled garage adopts traditional garage bearing structure to support, the site operation is very troublesome in the construction process, not only influences the implementation progress, still can not ensure construction quality, has restricted assembled garage's popularization greatly.
In addition, because the traditional garage does not standardize the trend of the equipment pipeline, the supporting structure of the garage needs to meet the requirement that the equipment pipeline can be arranged in each position in the garage layer and is influenced by the equipment pipeline, particularly the air pipe in the garage layer, the traditional garage needs higher floor height to serve as the installation space of the equipment pipeline, and part of redundant space brought by the higher floor height cannot be fully utilized, so that the traditional garage needs to consume a large amount of manpower, material resources and land resources, and the engineering investment is high.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to provide a T type post bearing structure for garage aims at reducing roof beam and the required connecting reinforcement in post joint position and effectively reduces the garage layer height.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is: the T-shaped column supporting structure for the garage comprises a beam plate member and a supporting member supported at the bottom of the beam plate member; the beam plate component comprises a top plate and a top beam arranged at the bottom of the top plate, an equipment pipeline is arranged on the lower side of the top plate, and the top beam comprises a first longitudinal beam and a second longitudinal beam which are arranged on the left side and the right side of the equipment pipeline; the support component comprises a T-shaped column, the lower end of the T-shaped column is arranged on the bottom plate of the garage layer, and the left end and the right end of the upper portion of the T-shaped column are respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam.
Further, the thickness of the top plate part right corresponding to the equipment pipeline is 180-400 mm; the bottom surface of the top plate, the inner side surface of the first longitudinal beam, the inner side surface of the second longitudinal beam and the top surface of the T-shaped column jointly enclose a rectangular pipeline through hole, the width L of the pipeline through hole is larger than or equal to 800mm, and the height H of the pipeline through hole is 300-1000 mm.
Furthermore, the number of the T-shaped columns is at least two, at least two T-shaped columns which are distributed at intervals along the running direction of the equipment pipeline form a row, and the supporting member comprises at least two rows of T-shaped columns.
Further, the T-shaped column comprises a column main body which is vertically arranged and a straight-line-shaped supporting part which is arranged at the upper end of the column main body.
Furthermore, both ends of the supporting portion extend upwards to form two limiting portions, and the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam are located between the two limiting portions.
Further, the lower end of the column main body is detachably connected with the garage floor bottom plate, the supporting portion is detachably connected with the upper end of the column main body, and the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam are respectively detachably connected with the supporting portion.
Further, the horizontal distance between the first longitudinal beam and the column main body is a, the horizontal distance between the second longitudinal beam and the column main body is b, and | a-b | ≦ 500 mm.
The utility model also provides an assembled garage, including at least one garage layer, be provided with foretell T type post bearing structure who is used for the garage in the garage layer, roof, back timber and T type post are the prefab, and the beam slab component is still including setting up the cast-in-place layer of superstructure at the roof upside.
Furthermore, a bracket structure is arranged on one side or two sides of the bottom of the first longitudinal beam, and the width of the bracket structure is 100-250 mm; the structure of the second longitudinal beam is the same as that of the first longitudinal beam; the top plate comprises at least two ribbed prefabricated plates, the width of each ribbed prefabricated plate is 1-3 m, rib plates are arranged at the bottoms of two ends of each ribbed prefabricated plate in the width direction, and the rib plates are lapped on a bracket structure of the first longitudinal beam or the second longitudinal beam; and an equipment pipeline horizontal supporting rod is arranged between the bottom of the first longitudinal beam and the bottom of the second longitudinal beam adjacent to the first longitudinal beam.
Further, the rib plate is provided with at least two spraying pipe through holes, and the horizontal distance between two adjacent spraying pipe through holes is 2-3 m; and through holes corresponding to the through holes of the spray pipes are formed in the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam.
The utility model has the advantages that: according to the T-shaped column supporting structure, the T-shaped column is arranged on the bottom plate of the garage layer, and the left end and the right end of the upper part of the T-shaped column are respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam, so that the supporting contact surface area of the connecting part of the beam and the column can be increased, the steel bars needed for connecting the beam and the column are reduced or even omitted, the construction efficiency can be improved, the construction quality is ensured, and the application in an assembled garage is facilitated; on the other hand, can reduce the span between the support position of perpendicular to equipment pipeline trend, and then can reduce the roof part's that just corresponds with equipment pipeline thickness to utilize the thickness that this part of roof reduces to digest the required high space that occupies of installation equipment pipeline, thereby systematic reduction garage layer height is favorable to with the reduction of erection time and practice thrift engineering cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of one embodiment of a T-pillar support structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of another embodiment of the T-pillar support structure of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the assembled garage of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the ribbed precast slab of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the horizontal support rod of the device pipeline of the present invention;
labeled as: the structure comprises a top plate 110, a ribbed plate 111, a shower pipe through hole 112, a first longitudinal beam 121, a second longitudinal beam 122, a floor cast-in-place layer 130, a T-shaped column 210, a column main body 211, a supporting part 212, a limiting part 213, an equipment pipeline 300, an equipment pipeline horizontal supporting rod 310, a garage layer bottom plate 400 and a pipeline through hole 500.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "top", "bottom", "left", "right", "upper", "lower", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or component in question must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a T-shaped pillar support structure for a garage includes a beam plate member and a support member supported at a bottom of the beam plate member; the beam-slab member comprises a top plate 110 and a top beam arranged at the bottom of the top plate 110, wherein an equipment pipeline 300 is arranged at the lower side of the top plate 110, and the top beam comprises a first longitudinal beam 121 and a second longitudinal beam 122 which are arranged at the left side and the right side of the equipment pipeline 300; the support member comprises a T-shaped column 210, the lower end of the T-shaped column 210 is arranged on the garage floor bottom plate 400, and the left end and the right end of the upper part of the T-shaped column 210 are respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122.
According to the T-shaped column supporting structure, the T-shaped column 210 is arranged on the garage floor bottom plate 400, and the left end and the right end of the upper part of the T-shaped column 210 are respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122, so that the supporting contact surface area of the connecting part of the girder and the column can be increased, and reinforcing steel bars needed for connecting the girder and the column are reduced or even omitted; moreover, the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122 are supported by the T-shaped columns 210, so that the span between the supporting parts perpendicular to the direction of the equipment pipeline 300 can be reduced, the thickness of the part of the roof plate 110 corresponding to the equipment pipeline 300 can be reduced, the height space occupied by installing the equipment pipeline 300 can be reduced by utilizing the reduced thickness of the part of the roof plate 110, and the garage floor height can be lowered systematically.
The beam slab member is a member mainly bearing bending moment and shearing force in the garage layer and can be made of steel, wood or reinforced concrete with better bending resistance; the beam-slab elements are primarily comprised of a roof panel 110 and a roof beam supporting the roof panel 110, the roof beam generally including cross beams and longitudinal beams, the longitudinal beams generally being beams parallel to the main roadway in the garage floor, and the cross beams being beams perpendicular to the longitudinal beams generally parallel to the parking spaces in the garage floor. By arranging the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122 at the left side and the right side of the equipment pipeline 300 and enabling the left end and the right end of the upper part of the T-shaped column 210 to be respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122, the thickness of the part, corresponding to the equipment pipeline 300, of the top plate 110 can be reduced to 180-400 mm on the premise of meeting the construction requirements of a garage.
The support member is mainly used for supporting a beam slab member in a garage layer, and generally comprises an outer wall, a vertical column, a T-shaped column 210 and the like, wherein the vertical column and the T-shaped column 210 are generally made of reinforced concrete; specifically, the T-shaped column 210 includes a column main body 211 vertically disposed and a support part 212 in a shape of a straight line disposed at the upper end of the column main body 211; in order to reduce the weight of the T-shaped pillar 210 and ensure the supporting ability thereof, the bottom surface of the supporting portion 212 is usually a V-shaped slope as shown in fig. 1 or an inverted V-shaped arc as shown in fig. 2. The T-shaped post 210 is typically fabricated as a structure having a uniform overall thickness, which facilitates fabrication, transportation, and field construction.
In addition to the above, in order to limit the displacement of the beam, as shown in fig. 2, two limit portions 213 are formed by extending upward both ends of the support portion 212, and the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122 are located between the two limit portions 213.
Specifically, the number of the T-shaped columns 210 is at least two, at least two T-shaped columns 210 distributed at intervals along the direction of the equipment pipeline 300 form a row, and the support member includes at least two rows of T-shaped columns 210. Therefore, the supporting structure is particularly suitable for being favorable for an assembled garage, and can effectively reduce the floor height of the garage and simultaneously ensure a good supporting effect.
For convenience of application in a prefabricated garage, it is preferable that the lower end of the pillar body 211 is detachably coupled to the garage floor 400, the support portion 212 is detachably coupled to the upper end of the pillar body 211, and the first and second longitudinal beams 121 and 122 are detachably coupled to the support portion 212, respectively. The removable connection of the building elements can be made in various ways, for example: set up the mounting groove and reserve the reinforcing bar and peg graft, for example again: one component is provided with a T-shaped groove, and the other component is provided with a T-shaped protrusion for matching connection, for example: support pads are arranged between the first longitudinal beam 121 and the support portion 212 and between the second longitudinal beam 122 and the support portion 212 for dry connection.
In order to ensure the stability of the support of the T-shaped column 210, as shown in fig. 2 again, the horizontal distance between the first longitudinal beam 121 and the column main body 211 is a, the horizontal distance between the second longitudinal beam 122 and the column main body 211 is b, | a-b | ≦ 500 mm.
The equipment pipeline 300 generally comprises an air pipe, a water pipe, an electric wire and the like in the garage, and the equipment pipeline penetrates through the pipeline through hole 500, so that the trend of the equipment pipeline is favorably standardized, and the clearance effect in the garage layer is ensured.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the bottom surface of the top plate 110, the inner side surface of the first longitudinal beam 121, the inner side surface of the second longitudinal beam 122 and the top surface of the T-shaped pillar 210 together enclose a rectangular pipeline via hole 500, and the pipeline via hole 500 has a width L of not less than 800mm and a height H of 300-1000 mm. The above-sized pipeline via 500 not only facilitates the passage of the facility pipeline 300, but also ensures the strength and stability of the support of the beam plate member by the T-shaped column 210.
As shown in fig. 3, the assembled garage includes at least one garage layer, the above-mentioned T-shaped pillar support structure for the garage is provided in the garage layer, the top plate 110, the top beam and the T-shaped pillar 210 are all prefabricated members, and the beam plate member further includes a floor cast-in-place layer 130 provided on the upper side of the top plate 110. This assembled garage simple structure, construction convenience, the cast-in-place construction can be adopted to remaining unable prefabricated part.
In order to further increase the area of the supporting contact surface and support the top plate 110, as shown in fig. 3 and 5, a bracket structure is arranged on one side or two sides of the bottom of the first longitudinal beam 121, and the width of the bracket structure is 100-250 mm; the structure of the second longitudinal beam 122 is the same as that of the first longitudinal beam 121; the top plate 110 comprises at least two ribbed precast plates, the width of each ribbed precast plate is 1-3 m, ribbed plates 111 are arranged at the bottoms of two ends of each ribbed precast plate in the width direction, and the ribbed plates 111 are lapped on a bracket structure of a first longitudinal beam 121 or a second longitudinal beam 122; an equipment pipeline horizontal support rod 310 is arranged between the bottom of the first longitudinal beam 121 and the bottom of the second longitudinal beam 122 adjacent to the first longitudinal beam 121. The horizontal support rod 310 of the equipment pipeline can be generally installed in a pre-buried or later-stage bolt-driving mode; can support equipment pipeline 300 through equipment pipeline horizontal support pole 310, can save the required vertical jib of installation equipment pipeline 300, easy to assemble practices thrift the cost, improves the antidetonation effect.
In order to facilitate the penetration of the spray pipes, as shown in fig. 4, at least two spray pipe through holes 112 are formed in the rib plate 111, and the horizontal distance between two adjacent spray pipe through holes 112 is 2-3 m; and through holes corresponding to the shower pipe through holes 112 are formed in the first longitudinal beam 121 and the second longitudinal beam 122.

Claims (10)

1. The T-shaped column supporting structure for the garage comprises a beam plate member and a supporting member supported at the bottom of the beam plate member; the method is characterized in that: the beam-slab member comprises a top plate (110) and a top beam arranged at the bottom of the top plate (110), an equipment pipeline (300) is arranged on the lower side of the top plate (110), and the top beam comprises a first longitudinal beam (121) and a second longitudinal beam (122) which are arranged on the left side and the right side of the equipment pipeline (300); the support component comprises a T-shaped column (210), the lower end of the T-shaped column (210) is arranged on the garage floor bottom plate (400), and the left end and the right end of the upper portion of the T-shaped column (210) are respectively supported at the bottoms of the first longitudinal beam (121) and the second longitudinal beam (122).
2. A T-pillar support structure for a garage as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the thickness of the part of the top plate (110) corresponding to the equipment pipeline (300) is 180-400 mm; the bottom surface of the top plate (110), the inner side surface of the first longitudinal beam (121), the inner side surface of the second longitudinal beam (122) and the top surface of the T-shaped column (210) jointly enclose a rectangular pipeline through hole (500), the width L of the pipeline through hole (500) is larger than or equal to 800mm, and the height H of the pipeline through hole is 300-1000 mm.
3. A T-pillar support structure for a garage as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the number of the T-shaped columns (210) is at least two, the T-shaped columns (210) distributed at intervals along the trend of the equipment pipeline (300) form a row, and the supporting member comprises at least two rows of T-shaped columns (210).
4. A T-pillar support structure for a garage as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the T-shaped column (210) comprises a column main body (211) which is vertically arranged and a straight-line-shaped supporting part (212) which is arranged at the upper end of the column main body (211).
5. A T-pillar support structure for a garage as claimed in claim 4, wherein: two ends of the supporting portion (212) extend upwards to form two limiting portions (213), and the first longitudinal beam (121) and the second longitudinal beam (122) are located between the two limiting portions (213).
6. A T-pillar support structure for a garage as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the lower end of the column main body (211) is detachably connected with the garage floor bottom plate (400), the supporting portion (212) is detachably connected with the upper end of the column main body (211), and the first longitudinal beam (121) and the second longitudinal beam (122) are detachably connected with the supporting portion (212) respectively.
7. A T-pillar support structure for a garage as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the horizontal distance between the first longitudinal beam (121) and the column main body (211) is a, the horizontal distance between the second longitudinal beam (122) and the column main body (211) is b, and | a-b | ≦ 500 mm.
8. Assembled garage, including at least one garage layer, its characterized in that: the T-shaped column supporting structure for the garage is arranged in the garage layer, the top plate (110), the top beam and the T-shaped column (210) are all prefabricated parts, and the beam plate component further comprises a floor cast-in-place layer (130) arranged on the upper side of the top plate (110).
9. The prefabricated garage of claim 8, wherein: one side or two sides of the bottom of the first longitudinal beam (121) are provided with bracket structures, and the width of each bracket structure is 100-250 mm; the structure of the second longitudinal beam (122) is the same as that of the first longitudinal beam (121); the top plate (110) comprises at least two ribbed precast plates, the width of each ribbed precast plate is 1-3 m, ribbed plates (111) are arranged at the bottoms of two ends of each ribbed precast plate in the width direction, and the ribbed plates (111) are lapped on a bracket structure of a first longitudinal beam (121) or a second longitudinal beam (122); and an equipment pipeline horizontal support rod (310) is arranged between the bottom of the first longitudinal beam (121) and the bottom of a second longitudinal beam (122) adjacent to the first longitudinal beam (121).
10. The prefabricated garage of claim 9, wherein: the rib plate (111) is provided with at least two spraying pipe through holes (112), and the horizontal distance between two adjacent spraying pipe through holes (112) is 2-3 m; and through holes corresponding to the shower pipe through holes (112) are formed in the first longitudinal beam (121) and the second longitudinal beam (122).
CN202120208759.4U 2021-01-25 2021-01-25 T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage Active CN214696091U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120208759.4U CN214696091U (en) 2021-01-25 2021-01-25 T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120208759.4U CN214696091U (en) 2021-01-25 2021-01-25 T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214696091U true CN214696091U (en) 2021-11-12

Family

ID=78564747

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120208759.4U Active CN214696091U (en) 2021-01-25 2021-01-25 T-shaped column supporting structure for garage and assembled garage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214696091U (en)

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