CN214621944U - Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device - Google Patents

Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214621944U
CN214621944U CN202120575637.9U CN202120575637U CN214621944U CN 214621944 U CN214621944 U CN 214621944U CN 202120575637 U CN202120575637 U CN 202120575637U CN 214621944 U CN214621944 U CN 214621944U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
wall
solid waste
kettle
detection device
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CN202120575637.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李斌
周大明
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Sichuan Pasteur Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Sichuan Pasteur Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a solid waste detection device uses rubbing crusher to construct. The crushing mechanism for the solid waste detection device comprises a crushing kettle; the transmission case is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle; the side box is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle; the two crushing rollers are rotatably arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the crushing kettle; the first motor is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the transmission case; two rotary rods, two the rotary rod all rotates to be installed on the both sides inner wall of transmission case, two the one end of rotary rod all extends to smash in the cauldron and respectively with two the one end fixed connection of smashing the roller. The utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher for detection device has labour saving and time saving, improves the advantage that solid waste smashes efficiency.

Description

Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a waste detection technical field especially relates to a solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device.
Background
Solid waste monitoring is the process of monitoring and measuring solid waste. Solid waste refers to solid, semi-solid waste material that is produced during production, construction, daily life, and other activities and that pollutes the environment. Industrial solid waste refers to solid waste generated in industrial, transportation, etc. production activities. The municipal solid waste means solid waste generated in municipal daily life or activities for providing services to the municipal daily life, and solid waste which is regulated by laws and administrative laws to be regarded as municipal solid waste.
Before solid waste detects, in order to facilitate subsequent detection operation, need smash solid waste into the disintegrating slag that is fit for detecting, some rubbing crusher need be used this moment, but some rubbing crusher that exist among the prior art are mostly direct directly put into crushing incasement with solid waste, smash back direct discharge through two crushing rollers, but make the kibbling efficiency of solid waste reduce like this, some solid waste do not obtain abundant crushing, thereby need carry out the regrinding, but rubbing crusher among the prior art can't carry out hierarchical discharge with the waste material, thereby lead to after the primary crushing is accomplished, still need carry out the manual work and sieve out the waste material that needs the regrinding, not only a large amount of time and energy have been wasted, and carry out the crushing efficiency that the regrinding can reduce solid waste.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a new crushing mechanism for a solid waste detection device to solve the above technical problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a technical problem provide a solid waste detection device of efficiency is smashed to labour saving and time saving, improvement solid waste smashes uses rubbing crusher constructs.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device includes: a crushing kettle; the transmission case is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle; the side box is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle; the two crushing rollers are rotatably arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the crushing kettle; the first motor is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the transmission case; the two rotating rods are rotatably arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the transmission case, one ends of the two rotating rods extend into the crushing kettle and are fixedly connected with one ends of the two crushing rollers respectively, and one ends of the corresponding rotating rods extend out of the transmission case and are fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor; the two transmission gears are respectively fixedly sleeved on the two rotating rods and are meshed with each other, and the two transmission gears are both positioned in the transmission box; the material conveying screen plate is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of one side of the crushing kettle, and one end of the material conveying screen plate extends into the side box; the discharge hopper is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the crushing kettle, and the bottom end of the discharge hopper extends to the lower part of the crushing kettle; a grinding mechanism disposed on the side box.
Preferably, the grinding mechanism comprises a hydraulic cylinder, a grinding block, a movable box, a fixed plate, a second motor, a grinding block, a rotating shaft and a conical groove, the hydraulic cylinder is fixedly arranged at the top of the side box, the bottom end of an output shaft of the hydraulic cylinder extends into the side box, the grinding block is arranged on the inner wall of the side box, the movable box is arranged on the inner wall of the side box in a sliding way, the bottom of the movable box is provided with an opening, the fixed plate is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the movable box, the second motor is fixedly arranged at the top of the fixed plate, the grinding block is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the side box, the bottom of the grinding block extends into the side box, the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the fixed plate, the bottom of pivot with the top fixed connection of grinding block, the top of pivot extend to the top of fixed plate and with the output shaft fixed connection of motor two.
Preferably, rotate on the jade interior wall of both sides of transmission case and install the dwang, the one end of dwang extends to in the crushing cauldron, dwang and arbitrary one equal fixed cover is equipped with synchronous pulley on the rotary rod, the dwang is located one of crushing cauldron is served fixed mounting and is had the eccentric wheel, the outer lane of eccentric wheel with the bottom of biography material otter board contacts, two all the winding has driving belt on the synchronous pulley.
Preferably, the inner wall of the top of the crushing kettle is fixedly provided with two material guide plates, and the outer walls of two sides of the material conveying screen plate are fixedly provided with baffles.
Preferably, the top of the crushing kettle is provided with a feed hopper.
Preferably, a conical groove is formed in the top of the grinding block and matched with the grinding block, a plurality of discharge holes are formed in the inner wall of the conical groove, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the grinding block, and the through hole is communicated with the conical groove.
Preferably, the bottom of the side box is provided with a discharge hopper.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device has following beneficial effect:
the utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device, to the kibbling in-process of solid waste material, not only can carry out preliminary crushing through two crushing rollers, and can carry out the grading to the clout after preliminary crushing, process such as artifical screening has been reduced, thereby reduce the cost of labor, can carry out the secondary to not having fully kibbling waste material after preliminary crushing simultaneously and grind, ensure that the solid waste material that drops into is smashed to the degree that accords with the detection requirement, thereby improve solid waste's useless garrulous efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a preferred embodiment of a pulverizing mechanism for a solid waste detector according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a top cross-sectional structural view of the transmission case shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a side cross-sectional structural view of the transmission case of FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the connection state of the material transfer net plate and the eccentric wheel shown in fig. 1.
Reference numbers in the figures: 1. a crushing kettle; 2. a transmission case; 3. a side box; 4. a crushing roller; 5. a first motor; 6. rotating the rod; 7. a transmission gear; 8. rotating the rod; 9. a synchronous pulley; 10. a material conveying screen plate; 11. an eccentric wheel; 12. a discharge hopper; 13. a hydraulic cylinder; 14. grinding blocks; 15. a mobile box; 16. a fixing plate; 17. a second motor; 18. grinding the blocks; 19. a rotating shaft; 20. a tapered recess.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a crushing mechanism for a solid waste detection device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a top cross-sectional structural view of the transmission case shown in FIG. 1; FIG. 4 is a side cross-sectional structural view of the transmission case of FIG. 1; fig. 5 is a schematic view of the connection state of the material transfer net plate and the eccentric wheel shown in fig. 1. Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device includes: a crushing kettle 1; the transmission case 2 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle 1, and the transmission case 2 is used for installing and fixing transmission parts and providing a protection effect for the transmission parts; the side box 3 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle 1, and the side box 3 is used for accommodating waste materials needing to be crushed for the second time and can perform secondary crushing on the waste materials; the two crushing rollers 4 are rotatably arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the crushing kettle 1, and the two crushing rollers 4 are matched and used for primarily crushing the waste materials; the motor I5 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the transmission case 2; two rotating rods 6, wherein the two rotating rods 6 are rotatably mounted on the inner walls of the two sides of the transmission case 2, one ends of the two rotating rods 6 extend into the crushing kettle 1 and are fixedly connected with one ends of the two crushing rollers 4 respectively, and one corresponding end of the rotating rod 6 extends out of the transmission case 2 and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor I5; the two transmission gears 7 are respectively fixedly sleeved on the two rotating rods 6, the two transmission gears 7 are meshed with each other, the two transmission gears 7 are both positioned in the transmission box 2, the two transmission gears 7 are used for transmission, and the rotating directions of the two rotating rods 6 can be opposite through meshing; the material conveying screen plate 10 is rotatably installed on the inner wall of one side of the crushing kettle 1, one end of the material conveying screen plate 10 extends into the side box 3, and the material conveying screen plate 10 is used for grading the primarily crushed waste and guiding the waste which is not fully crushed into the side box 3; the discharge hopper 12 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the crushing kettle 1, the bottom end of the discharge hopper 12 extends to the lower part of the crushing kettle 1, and the conveying hopper 12 is used for discharging waste materials which do not need to be subjected to secondary crushing; and a grinding mechanism provided on the side box 3 for secondarily grinding the insufficiently ground waste.
In order to perform secondary crushing on the waste material which is not sufficiently crushed, in this embodiment, it is preferable that the grinding mechanism includes a hydraulic cylinder 13, a grinding block 14, a moving box 15, a fixing plate 16, a second motor 17, a grinding block 18, a rotating shaft 19, and a tapered groove 20, the hydraulic cylinder 13 is fixedly installed on the top of the side box 3, the bottom end of an output shaft of the hydraulic cylinder 13 extends into the side box 3, the hydraulic cylinder 13 is used for providing power for moving the moving box 15, the grinding block 14 is installed on the inner wall of the side box 3, the moving box 15 is slidably installed on the inner wall of the side box 3, the bottom of the moving box 15 is provided with an opening, the moving box 15 is used for installing grinding parts on the fixing, the fixing plate 16 is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the moving box 15, and the second motor 17 is fixedly installed on the top of the fixing plate 16, two 17 motors are used for rotating grinding block 18 and provide power, grinding block 18 rotates and installs on the inner wall of side case 3, grinding block 18's bottom extends to in the side case 3, grinding block 18 is used for carrying out the regrinding to the waste material, 19 rotations of pivot are installed the bottom of fixed plate 16, 19 bottom of pivot with grinding block 18's top fixed connection, 19 tops of pivot extend to fixed plate 16 the top and with two 17 motors's output shaft fixed connection, 19 pivots are used for two 17 motors and the linking between the grinding block 18 to provide the transmission effect.
In order to prevent that the waste material from causing the jam on passing material otter board 10, lead to the waste material can't just produce and fall or can't normally transmit into side case 3, in this embodiment, it is preferred, rotate on the jade in the both sides of transmission case 2 and install dwang 8, dwang 8's one end extends to smash in the cauldron 1, dwang 8 and arbitrary one equal fixed cover is equipped with synchronous pulley 9 on the rotary rod 6, dwang 8 is located one of smashing in the cauldron 1 is served fixed mounting and is had eccentric wheel 11, eccentric wheel 11 the outer lane with the bottom of passing material otter board 10 contacts mutually, two equal winding has drive belt on the synchronous pulley 9.
In order to prevent the waste material on the material conveying screen plate 10 from shifting and falling off during the conveying process, in this embodiment, preferably, two material guide plates are fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the top of the pulverizing kettle 1, and baffles are fixedly mounted on the outer walls of both sides of the material conveying screen plate 10.
In order to enable the materials to normally enter the pulverizing kettle 1, in this embodiment, it is preferable that a feeding hopper is arranged at the top of the pulverizing kettle 1.
In order to enable the milled waste to be discharged timely after being sufficiently crushed, in this embodiment, preferably, a tapered groove 20 is formed in the top of the polishing block 14, the tapered groove 20 is adapted to the polishing block 18, a plurality of discharge holes are formed in the inner wall of the tapered groove 20, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the polishing block 14, and the through hole is communicated with the tapered groove 20.
In order to enable the waste material in the side box 3 to be discharged in a normal production manner, in the present embodiment, it is preferable that a discharge hopper is provided at the bottom of the side box 3.
The utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher for detection device's theory of operation as follows:
when solid waste needs to be crushed, firstly, the first motor 5 can be started, the first motor 5 starts the output shaft to rotate to drive the corresponding rotary rods 6 to rotate, so as to drive the corresponding transmission gears 7 to rotate, because the two transmission gears 7 are meshed with each other, when the rotary rods 6 rotate, the two transmission gears 7 are driven to rotate simultaneously, and the rotation directions of the two transmission gears 7 are opposite, so that the rotation directions of the two rotary rods 6 are opposite to each other, so as to drive the two crushing rollers 4 to rotate oppositely, and simultaneously, the two rotary rods 6 rotate to drive the corresponding synchronous belt wheels 9 to rotate, at the moment, through the transmission effect of the transmission belt, when the synchronous belt wheel 9 positioned above rotates, the synchronous belt wheel 9 positioned below is driven to rotate simultaneously, so as to drive the rotary rod 8 to rotate, further drive the eccentric wheel 11 to rotate, and in the rotating process of the eccentric wheel 11, when the eccentric wheel 11 is far away from the circular half-turn and rotates upwards and contacts with the bottom of the material conveying screen plate 10, the material conveying screen plate 10 is jacked up and lifted, and when the eccentric wheel 11 is close to the circular half-turn and rotates upwards and contacts with the bottom of the material conveying screen plate 10, the material conveying screen plate 10 descends under the reason of gravity, and under the continuous rotation of the motor 5, the material conveying screen plate 10 continuously overturns.
And simultaneously starting the hydraulic cylinder 13 and the second motor 17, starting the output shaft of the second motor 17 to rotate to drive the rotating shaft 19 to rotate so as to drive the grinding block 18 to rotate, starting the output shaft of the hydraulic cylinder 13 to extend to drive the movable box 15 to move downwards so as to drive the grinding block 18 in rotation to move downwards, and finally enabling the grinding block 18 to be in contact with the inner wall of the conical groove 20, wherein the grinding block 18 rotates simultaneously when in contact, and when the output shaft of the hydraulic cylinder 13 contracts, the movable box 15 and the grinding block 18 are driven to ascend.
After the preparation is completed, the worker can inject the solid waste into the crushing kettle 1 through the feed hopper, the solid waste enters between the two crushing rollers 4 under the conduction of the two guide plates, so that the solid waste is primarily crushed through the two crushing rollers 4 with opposite rotation directions, the waste materials after the primary crushing can fall down on the material transfer screen plate 10, and under the condition that the material transfer screen plate 10 is in constant pitch, the fully crushed waste material will continue to descend through the material transfer screen 10, and finally be discharged through the discharge hopper 12, and the waste materials, which are not sufficiently crushed, are introduced into the side cases 3 through the transfer net plates 10, and are dropped into the tapered recesses 20 while the moving case 15 is moved upward, thus, the grinding operation is performed after the grinding block 18 is moved downward into the tapered recess 20, so that the waste material is secondarily crushed and ground, and the charged solid waste material is sufficiently crushed.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device has following beneficial effect:
the utility model provides a solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device, to the kibbling in-process of solid waste material, not only can carry out preliminary crushing through two crushing rollers 4, and can grade the clout after preliminary crushing, process such as manual screening has been reduced, thereby reduce the cost of labor, can carry out the secondary to not fully kibbling waste material after preliminary crushing simultaneously and grind, ensure that the solid waste material that drops into is smashed to the degree that accords with the detection requirement, thereby improve solid waste's useless garrulous efficiency.
The above only is the embodiment of the present invention, not limiting the scope of the present invention, all the equivalent structures or equivalent processes of the present invention are used in the specification and the attached drawings, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, and the same principle is included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A crushing mechanism for a solid waste detection device, comprising:
a crushing kettle;
the transmission case is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle;
the side box is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the crushing kettle;
the two crushing rollers are rotatably arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the crushing kettle;
the first motor is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the transmission case;
the two rotating rods are rotatably arranged on the inner walls of the two sides of the transmission case, one ends of the two rotating rods extend into the crushing kettle and are fixedly connected with one ends of the two crushing rollers respectively, and one ends of the corresponding rotating rods extend out of the transmission case and are fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor;
the two transmission gears are respectively fixedly sleeved on the two rotating rods and are meshed with each other, and the two transmission gears are both positioned in the transmission box;
the material conveying screen plate is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of one side of the crushing kettle, and one end of the material conveying screen plate extends into the side box;
the discharge hopper is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the crushing kettle, and the bottom end of the discharge hopper extends to the lower part of the crushing kettle;
a grinding mechanism disposed on the side box.
2. The solid waste detection device crushing mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the grinding mechanism comprises a hydraulic cylinder, a grinding block, a movable box, a fixed plate, a second motor, a grinding block, a rotating shaft and a conical groove, the hydraulic cylinder is fixedly arranged at the top of the side box, the bottom end of an output shaft of the hydraulic cylinder extends into the side box, the grinding block is arranged on the inner wall of the side box, the movable box is slidably arranged on the inner wall of the side box, the bottom of the movable box is provided with an opening, the fixed plate is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the movable box, the second motor is fixedly arranged at the top of the fixed plate, the grinding block is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the side box, the bottom of the grinding block extends into the side box, the rotating shaft is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the fixed plate, and the bottom end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the top of the grinding block, the top end of the rotating shaft extends to the upper part of the fixing plate and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second motor.
3. The solid waste detection device rubbing crusher constructs as claimed in claim 1, wherein, rotate on the interior jade of both sides of transmission case and install the dwang, the one end of dwang extends to in the crushing cauldron, the dwang with arbitrary one all the fixed cover is equipped with synchronous pulley on the rotatory pole, the dwang is located one of crushing cauldron is served fixed mounting and is had the eccentric wheel, the outer lane of eccentric wheel with the bottom of passing the material otter board contacts, two all twine driving belt on the synchronous pulley.
4. The pulverizing mechanism of claim 1, wherein two material guiding plates are fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the top of the pulverizing kettle, and baffles are fixedly mounted on the outer walls of both sides of the material conveying screen plate.
5. The pulverizing mechanism for a solid waste detection device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a feed hopper is provided at the top of the pulverizing pot.
6. The crushing mechanism for the solid waste detection device according to claim 2, wherein a tapered groove is formed in the top of the grinding block, the tapered groove is matched with the grinding block, a plurality of discharge holes are formed in the inner wall of the tapered groove, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the grinding block, and the through hole is communicated with the tapered groove.
7. The pulverizing mechanism for a solid waste detection device according to claim 1, wherein a discharge hopper is provided at the bottom of the side tank.
CN202120575637.9U 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device Active CN214621944U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120575637.9U CN214621944U (en) 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120575637.9U CN214621944U (en) 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214621944U true CN214621944U (en) 2021-11-05

Family

ID=78395929

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120575637.9U Active CN214621944U (en) 2021-03-22 2021-03-22 Solid waste is rubbing crusher constructs for detection device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214621944U (en)

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