CN214444447U - Tear film assembly integral type assembly line - Google Patents

Tear film assembly integral type assembly line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214444447U
CN214444447U CN202022204288.8U CN202022204288U CN214444447U CN 214444447 U CN214444447 U CN 214444447U CN 202022204288 U CN202022204288 U CN 202022204288U CN 214444447 U CN214444447 U CN 214444447U
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China
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product
assembly
driver
film
station
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CN202022204288.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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缪磊
袁文卿
肖夕全
王坤
徐雨舟
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Suzhou RS Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou RS Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dyestripping assembly integral type assembly line, include: dyestripping assembly line, assembly line and relay transport mechanism, the dyestripping assembly line includes: a product loading device in which a plurality of tray trays for containing products are stacked; the product carrying mechanism is erected above the product feeding device; the product film tearing mechanism is arranged at the downstream of the product feeding device in the feeding direction; the assembly line includes: the assembling manipulator is provided with an assembling suction assembly; the carrier feeding device is arranged beside the relay conveying mechanism; and the product caching jig is arranged between the relay conveying mechanism and the assembling manipulator, and a plurality of product caching acupuncture points are arranged in the product caching jig. According to the utility model discloses, thereby it can save product circulation and location number of times and improve dyestripping and assembly efficiency.

Description

Tear film assembly integral type assembly line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of nonstandard automation, in particular to a film tearing and assembling integrated assembly line.
Background
In the non-standard automation field, it is well known to adopt assembly lines with different structural forms to realize the assembly of two or more materials. In the process of researching and realizing the assembly of two or more materials, the inventor finds that the assembly line in the prior art has at least the following problems:
product surface is attached to have the protection film, need tear this layer of film before the assembly, common processing mode on the market does, and manual work earlier or tear this film with tear film equipment, assembles the product afterwards, adopts this kind of mode to lead to the product to receive pollution and damage in the circulation in-process many times easily to product tear film and assembly all need convey and fix a position, and the process is too much, leads to tearing film and assembly inefficiency.
In view of the above, there is a need to develop a tear film assembly integrated assembly line to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the problems of the tearing-film assembling integrated assembly line/method, the invention aims to provide the tearing-film assembling integrated assembly line which can save the product circulation and positioning times so as to improve the tearing and assembling efficiency.
In terms of the film tearing and assembling integrated assembly line, the film tearing and assembling integrated assembly line for solving the technical problems comprises a film tearing assembly line, an assembly line and a relay conveying mechanism, wherein the film tearing assembly line comprises:
a product loading device in which a plurality of trays for containing products are stacked;
the product carrying mechanism is erected above the product feeding device; and
the product film tearing mechanism is arranged at the downstream of the product feeding device in the feeding direction;
the assembly line includes:
the assembling manipulator is provided with an assembling suction assembly;
the carrier feeding device is arranged beside the relay conveying mechanism; and
the product caching jig is arranged between the relay conveying mechanism and the assembling manipulator, and a plurality of product caching acupuncture points are formed in the product caching jig;
the relay conveying mechanism is bridged between the film tearing assembly line and the assembling assembly line, so that one end of the relay conveying mechanism is abutted to the product feeding device, and the other end of the relay conveying mechanism is abutted to the product caching jig.
Optionally, the product handling mechanism comprises: the product loading device comprises bases arranged on two sides of the product loading device, carrying beams connected to the two bases in a sliding mode, grabbing components connected to the carrying beams in a sliding mode, and a transverse moving driver and a carrying driver which are connected with the grabbing components and the carrying beams in a transmission mode.
Optionally, the product loading attachment includes: the device comprises a rack, a tray recovery device and a relay conveying mechanism, wherein the rack is provided with a product feeding station, a tray recovery station and a product transfer station which are sequentially arranged along a linear direction, and the relay conveying mechanism is adjacent to a product feeding device at the product transfer station;
the product feeding assembly, the tray recovery assembly and the product positioning assembly are respectively arranged at the product feeding station, the tray recovery station and the product transfer station; and
and the power output end of the horizontal driving assembly is in transmission connection with the product positioning assembly.
Optionally, a product film tearing mechanism is provided with a film tearing assembly for peeling a film on a product; the film includes:
the annular membrane body is adaptive to the annular product and attached to the annular product; and
a clamping ear connected to an outer side of the membrane body and extending outwardly;
the film tearing assembly comprises a film tearing driver and a film tearing clamping jaw driven by the film tearing driver; the grabbing component comprises a suction nozzle body for adsorbing the annular product;
the annular product is carried by the grabbing assembly, so that the clamping lug extends into the clamping end of the film tearing clamping jaw.
Optionally, the film body is provided with a breakable indentation near the clamping lug;
the film tearing driver comprises a rotating driver and a clamping driver in transmission connection with a power output end of the rotating driver, and the film tearing clamping jaw is in transmission connection with the power output end of the clamping driver;
after the film tearing clamping jaw clamps the clamping lug, the rotary driver drives the clamping driver to rotate so that the film body is disconnected from the indentation under the traction of the clamping lug and the film body is divided into:
a bonding section adhered to the annular product;
and the lifting section lifts from the annular product under the traction of the clamping lug.
Optionally, the gripping assembly further comprises a rotary driving assembly in transmission connection with a power output end of the driving assembly, and the suction nozzle body is in transmission connection with the power output end of the rotary driving assembly;
when the rotary driver drives the clamping driver to rotate, so that after the clamping lugs are lifted, the annular product drives the annular product to move relative to the film tearing clamping jaw through the driving assembly and the rotary driving assembly, the area of the lifting section is increased, and the area of the attaching section is correspondingly reduced.
Optionally, the product positioning assembly is driven by the horizontal driving assembly to periodically perform reciprocating translation among the product loading station, the tray recovery station and the transfer station.
Optionally, the grabbing assembly is driven by the traverse driver to slide back and forth along the carrying beam, the carrying beam is driven by the carrying driver to slide back and forth between the tray recovery station and the relay conveying mechanism, so that the grabbing assembly grabs a single product at the product transfer station at each time and then conveys the product to the product film tearing mechanism, and after a film on the product is torn off, the grabbing assembly conveys the product to the relay conveying mechanism.
Optionally, the relay transmission mechanism includes:
one end of the relay base is abutted with the product feeding device, the other end of the relay base is abutted with the product caching jig, and a matching slide rail extending along the extending direction of the rack is arranged on the relay base;
the bearing seat is in sliding fit with the matching slide rail; and
the relay driver is in transmission connection with the bearing seat;
the relay base is also provided with a sliding guide rod, the extension direction of the sliding guide rod is consistent with that of the matching slide rail, and the bearing seat is sleeved on the sliding guide rod in a penetrating manner; and the bearing seat is provided with a product positioning jig.
Optionally, the assembly manipulator includes:
a fixed base;
the connecting arm is fixedly arranged on the fixed base; and
at least one transmission arm which is connected in turn in a rotating way;
wherein, first transmission arm with the linking arm rotates to be connected, installs on the last transmission arm assembly suction subassembly and visual identification subassembly.
Optionally, the carrier loading device includes:
the conveying belt is sequentially provided with a feeding station, a positioning station and an NG station along the conveying direction, and a plurality of carriers are periodically conveyed by the conveying belt; and
the feeding mechanism is erected right above the conveyor belt and is positioned at the feeding station;
the positioning mechanism is arranged at the positioning station;
and the NG recovery mechanism is arranged at the NG station.
Optionally, the NG recovering mechanism includes:
the recovery rack is erected on the conveying belt;
the collecting bearing platform is connected with the recovery rack in a sliding way, and a material guide port penetrating through the collecting bearing platform is formed in the collecting bearing platform;
at least three non-return assemblies which are arranged on the inner side of the edge of the material guide opening in a non-collinear way; and
the jacking assembly is positioned right below the material guide opening;
the carrier is jacked into the material guide opening along the direction from bottom to top under the jacking driving of the jacking assembly, and the carrier is supported by the non-return assembly after being jacked into the material guide opening.
Optionally, the backstop assembly comprises:
a connecting seat body;
a fluke; one end of the connecting seat is pivoted with the connecting seat body, and the other end of the connecting seat is used for supporting a product; and
a reset member disposed between the connector receptacle body and the fluke;
the anchor fluke comprises a material bearing surface and an inclined surface inclined relative to the material bearing surface, the carrier slides on the inclined surface under the jacking driving of the jacking assembly, the anchor fluke rotates towards the inner wall side of the material guide opening, so that the carrier penetrates through the material guide opening, and when the jacking assembly falls back, the carrier is abutted against the material bearing surface.
One of the above technical solutions has the following advantages or beneficial effects: because it carries out the relay bridging through relaying transport mechanism with dyestripping assembly line and assembly line for the product after the dyestripping can be through relaying transport mechanism transfer directly convey assemble with the carrier on the assembly line and combine, thereby saved product circulation and location number of times and improved dyestripping and assembly efficiency.
Another technical scheme in the above technical scheme has the following advantages or beneficial effects: because it has adopted product transport mechanism, relay transport mechanism, product loading attachment cooperatees with product dyestripping mechanism, make the product along with tray material loading in batches after, carry the mechanism through the product and shift to product dyestripping mechanism and carry out the dyestripping operation first in, shift the product to relay transport mechanism after the dyestripping is accomplished again, shift to next station through relay transport mechanism, its process design is reasonable, the material loading, the operation links up after dyestripping and dyestripping, and need not extra location step, the manipulator has still been saved simultaneously, the operation interval is shortened, can improve flat dyestripping efficiency and improve the dyestripping success rate, in addition can save equipment manufacturing cost.
Another technical scheme in the above technical scheme has the following advantages or beneficial effects: owing to adsorb the product through the suction nozzle body, order about by drive arrangement, the product removes to product dyestripping mechanism position department, and the shaping subassembly realizes promoting the inner ring ear respectively with adjustment product shape and clamp and get the film and peel off the film from the product with dyestripping assembly, whole dyestripping operation process is smooth, the film is difficult for remaining, has higher dyestripping efficiency and dyestripping success rate.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is apparent that the drawings in the following description relate only to some embodiments of the present invention and are not limiting thereof, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a top view of a tear film assembly integrated flow line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of a tear film line in a tear film assembly integrated line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a relay conveying mechanism in a tear film assembly integrated assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a product loading device in a tear film assembly integrated flow line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a product loading device in a tear film assembly integrated assembly line with a tray hidden according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a separating apparatus of a product positioning assembly in a tear film assembly integrated line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a bottom view of a pallet and stage according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a side view of a product positioning assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding driver according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a proposed check buckle according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a top view of a proposed check ring according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a top view of a proposed backstop along A-A according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a top view of a proposed backstop along B-B in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic perspective view of a film tearing mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic perspective view of a tear away assembly according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a support base according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a perspective view of a carrier according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic perspective view of a molding assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of a molding head in one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a perspective view of a grasping element according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 21 is a perspective view of an exemplary embodiment of a suction assembly;
FIG. 22 is an exploded view of the suction assembly in one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 23 is a schematic perspective view of a limiting block according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 24 is a schematic view of a forming process according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 25 is a schematic perspective view of a ring product according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 26 is a perspective view of a proposed assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
figure 27 is an elevation view of an assembly robot in an assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 28 is a perspective view of a carrier loading device in an assembly line according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 29 is a perspective view of an NG recovery mechanism in an assembly line according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 30 is an enlarged partial schematic view of FIG. 1;
fig. 31 is a perspective view of an NG recovery mechanism in an assembly line from another perspective according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 32 is an enlarged partial schematic view of FIG. 31;
FIG. 33 is a schematic perspective view of an aggregate support platform in the assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 34 is an exploded view of an aggregate platform in the assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 35 is a schematic view of a portion of the construction of an aggregate platform in the assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 36 is a schematic view of the recovery vehicle in the assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 37 is a schematic perspective view of a backstop module in an assembly line according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 38 is a schematic perspective view of a guide assembly in an assembly line according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 39 is a cross-sectional view of a guide assembly in an assembly line, according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 40 is an enlarged partial schematic view of FIG. 39;
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
In the drawings, the shape and size may be exaggerated for clarity, and the same reference numerals will be used throughout the drawings to designate the same or similar components.
Unless defined otherwise, technical or scientific terms used herein shall have the ordinary meaning as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The use of "first," "second," and similar terms in the description and claims of the present application do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather the terms are used to distinguish one element from another. Also, the use of the terms "a," "an," or "the" and similar referents do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one. The word "comprise" or "comprises", and the like, means that the element or item listed before "comprises" or "comprising" covers the element or item listed after "comprising" or "comprises" and its equivalents, and does not exclude other elements or items. "upper", "lower", "left", "right", and the like are used merely to indicate relative positional relationships, and when the absolute position of the object being described is changed, the relative positional relationships may also be changed accordingly.
In the following description, terms such as center, thickness, height, length, front, back, rear, left, right, top, bottom, upper, lower, etc., are defined with respect to the configurations shown in the respective drawings, and in particular, "height" corresponds to a dimension from top to bottom, "width" corresponds to a dimension from left to right, "depth" corresponds to a dimension from front to rear, which are relative concepts, and thus may be varied accordingly depending on the position in which it is used, and thus these or other orientations should not be construed as limiting terms.
Terms concerning attachments, coupling and the like (e.g., "connected" and "attached") refer to a relationship wherein structures are secured or attached, either directly or indirectly, to one another through intervening structures, as well as both movable or rigid attachments or relationships, unless expressly described otherwise.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 26, it can be seen that the film tearing and assembling integrated line comprises a film tearing line, an assembling line and a relay conveying mechanism 48, wherein the film tearing line comprises:
a product loading device 3 in which a plurality of trays for containing products are stacked;
the product conveying mechanism 4 is erected above the product feeding device 3; and
a product tearing mechanism 42 provided downstream in the feeding direction of the product feeding device 3;
the assembly line includes:
an assembling robot 5 on which an assembling suction module 54 is mounted;
a carrier loading device 1 provided beside the relay transport mechanism 48; and
a product cache jig 15 disposed between the relay conveying mechanism 48 and the assembling manipulator 5, wherein a plurality of product cache acupuncture points are opened in the product cache jig 15;
the relay conveying mechanism 48 is bridged between the film tearing assembly line and the assembling assembly line, so that one end of the relay conveying mechanism 48 is adjacent to the product feeding device 3, and the other end of the relay conveying mechanism 48 is adjacent to the product caching jig 15.
Further, the product handling mechanism 4 includes: the product loading device comprises bases 46 respectively arranged at two sides of the product loading device 3, a carrying cross beam 47 connected to the two bases 46 in a sliding manner, a grabbing component 43 connected to the carrying cross beam 47 in a sliding manner, and a traverse motion driver 44 and a carrying driver 41 respectively connected to the grabbing component 43 and the carrying cross beam 47 in a transmission manner.
Referring to fig. 4 to 6, the product feeding device 3 includes:
a frame 38, on which a product loading station 35, a tray recovery station 36 and a product transfer station 37 are arranged in sequence along a straight direction, wherein the relay conveying mechanism 48 is adjacent to the product loading device 3 at the product transfer station 37;
the product feeding assembly 31, the tray recovery assembly 33 and the product positioning assembly 32 are respectively arranged at the product feeding station 35, the tray recovery station 36 and the product transfer station 37; and
and the power output end of the horizontal driving assembly 34 is in transmission connection with the product positioning assembly 32.
Further, the product positioning assembly 32 is driven by the horizontal driving assembly 34 to periodically reciprocate between the product loading station 35, the tray recovery station 36 and the transfer station 37; the carrying beam 38 is erected between the carrier positioning station 113 of the loading conveyor 11 and the product transferring station 37 of the frame 38, and the grabbing component 43 is driven by the carrying driver to slide back and forth along the carrying beam 38 to switch back and forth between the carrier positioning station 113 and the product transferring station 37. When the products are loaded, the products are stacked in the trays and loaded into the product loading assembly 31 together with the trays at the product loading station 35, and the product positioning assembly 32 moves to the loading station 35 under the driving of the horizontal driving assembly 34 to take out the trays together with the products and then moves to the product transferring station 37.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the frame 38 is formed with a shuttle channel below the product loading assembly 31 and the tray retrieving assembly 33, and the product positioning assembly 32 is driven by the horizontal driving assembly 34 to reciprocate in the shuttle channel. Due to the arrangement of the shuttle channel, the space utilization rate is further improved, the structure of the product feeding device is more compact, the action paths are shorter, and the feeding efficiency is further improved.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, which clearly show in detail that the tray has a jacking locator slot formed in the bottom thereof, the product locator assembly 32 includes:
a lifting driver 323 which is in transmission connection with the horizontal driving component 34;
the object stage 325 is in transmission connection with the power output end of the lifting driver 323 and is matched into the jacking positioning groove of a corresponding tray;
a tray positioning assembly 324 disposed on the stage 325, the tray positioning assembly 324 comprising:
a positioning driver 3241; and
an even number of radially arranged support elements 3242 are arranged in the circumferential direction of the object carrier 325, and are in driving connection with the power take-off of the positioning drive 3241. Because radially arranged's top holder can carry out centering location to the tray in horizontal circumferencial direction through the jacking constant head tank for tray positioning assembly can also carry out ascending location to the tray when going on rising jacking, becomes the process of jacking into horizontal location and jacking action synchronous going on earlier need horizontal location back originally, has saved the positioning time, has further improved material loading efficiency.
Further, the lifters 3242 move away from or close to each other to extend or retract from the edge of the stage 325 by the driving of the positioning driver 3241; when the jacking piece 3242 extends out from the edge of the object stage 325, the outer end of the jacking piece is abutted against the inner side of the jacking positioning groove so as to jack and position the tray 321 in the radial direction; when the top holder is retracted from the edge of the stage 325, the outer end thereof is separated from the inner side of the top positioning groove to unlock the positioning of the pallet 321 in the radial direction. Referring to fig. 5 in conjunction with fig. 4, the object table 325 and the top support 3242 are completely located in the top positioning groove.
Further, the object stage 325 is further provided with a positioning slide rail, it should be understood that the supporting member 3242 is disposed in the positioning slide rail to limit the moving direction of the supporting member 3242, and it is particularly preferable that the object stage 325 is recessed downward to form the positioning slide rail, such an embodiment saves space, and can further increase the internal space of the jacking assembly.
Referring again to fig. 5 and 6, the supporting members 3242 are arranged to be composed of at least one positioning subset, each positioning subset includes a pair of supporting members 3242 oppositely arranged, and the corresponding pair of supporting members 3242 in each positioning subset is driven by the positioning driver 3241 to approach or move away from each other.
Furthermore, the jacking positioning groove is a polygon formed by surrounding at least four side edges, one positioning subset is arranged, and the movement direction of the jacking piece 3242 in the positioning subset coincides with one diagonal line of the jacking positioning groove. Because the movement direction of the jacking piece is coincided with one diagonal line of the jacking positioning groove, the tray can still be centered and positioned in the horizontal direction on the premise of reducing the number of pairs of the jacking pieces as much as possible, and the structure is further simplified.
Further, the product positioning assembly 32 further includes two mutually opposite limiting plates 322, two spacing setting of limiting plates 322 is in order to form the jacking location passageway that is located between the two, the objective table 325 and the tray positioning assembly 324 arrange in the jacking location passageway.
Further, the limit plates 322 are formed with an upper limit skirt 3221, the upper limit skirt 3221 joins the limit plate 322 inside a corresponding one of the limit plates 322 and extends at least approximately in a horizontal direction toward the inside of the jacking positioning channel;
the limit plates 322 are formed with a lower limit skirt 3222 located directly below the upper limit skirt 3221, the lower limit skirt 3222 joins the limit plate 322 inside a corresponding one of the limit plates 322 and extends at least approximately in a horizontal direction toward the inside of the jacking positioning passage; the tray is located between a respective pair of said upper and lower retaining skirt portions 3221, 3222. When the tray is located corresponding a pair of when going up between spacing skirt portion and the lower spacing skirt portion, go up spacing skirt portion and can carry out spacingly and under the cooperation of lift driver to the top of tray, fix a position the levelness of tray, lower spacing skirt portion then can carry out the bearing to the tray.
Further, the projection of the upper and/or lower retaining skirt 3221, 3222 on a horizontal plane at least partially overlaps the projection of the tray on a horizontal plane.
Specifically, referring to fig. 7 again, the jacking drivers 323 are at least two and located at two ends of the object stage 325, so that the heights of the two ends of the object stage 325 are kept at the same horizontal plane, and the heights of the two ends of the tray 321 are kept consistent, and meanwhile, the two ends of the object stage 325 are symmetrically provided with the limiting plates 322, so that the two ends of the tray 321 are located at the same horizontal plane, thereby forming a dual guarantee.
As can be seen in conjunction with the illustrations of fig. 4 and 7, the product loading assembly 31 includes: at least two lifting drivers 313 fixedly mounted at a product loading station on the frame 38; at least two clamping driver frames 311, wherein each clamping driver 311 is in transmission connection with the power output end of a corresponding lifting driver 313;
the two lifting drivers 313 are arranged oppositely and at intervals to limit a blanking channel between the lifting drivers 313, a power output end of each clamping driver 311 is in transmission connection with a retainer plate 3112, and the two retainer plates 3112 are driven by the respective clamping drivers 311 to approach or separate.
Further, the clamping driver 311 further includes a fixing portion 3111, and the fixing portion 3111 is formed at an angle of preferably 90 degrees with respect to the retainer plate 3112 and is self-integrated. The cross-sectional area of the retainer plate 3112 at the end far from the holding driver 311 is gradually decreased along the direction of the upper holding driver 311 approaching the tray.
Further, the cross-sectional area of the retainer plate 3112 at the end away from the clamping driver 311 is gradually decreased along the direction of the clamping driver 311 approaching the tray.
In a specific embodiment, when the product positioning assembly 32 moves to a position right below the product loading assembly 31, the jacking driver 323 is activated to move the object stage 325 upward until the tray positioning member 324 fixes the tray 321 on the object stage 325; further, the clamping driver 311 is activated to move horizontally away from the tray until the retainer plate 3112 is lifted off the tray 321, and then the elevation driver 313 raises the height of one tray upward so that the retainer plate 3112 is inserted into the gap between the tray and the next tray, thereby supporting the remaining trays stored on the product loading assembly 31. At this time, the stage 325 moves downward when the lifting driver 323 is started again, and the lifting driver 313 descends downward by the height of one tray, so that the next feeding action is facilitated.
Further, the cross-sectional area of the end of the retainer plate 3112 is gradually decreased along the direction of the clamping driver 311 approaching the tray, so that the retainer plate 3112 can be inserted into the gap between the tray and the next tray
Referring again to fig. 4 and 10, the tray recycling assembly 33 includes at least two sets of check fasteners 331 fixedly mounted at a recycling station on the rack 38, each set of check fasteners 331 includes:
a fixing base 3312 fixedly mounted on the frame 38;
a check 3311 rotatably connected to the holder 3312 such that the check 3311 is rotatable relative to the holder 3312 to switch between an unlocked state and a locked state; and
referring to fig. 11 in conjunction with fig. 10, a reset member 3314 provided in the holder 3312 and elastically acting on the check 3311 such that the check 3311 rotates in a locking direction to reset from the unlocked state to the locked state;
wherein the check 3311 includes: a rotation section 33111 rotatably connected to the fixing base 3312; and a seating section 33112 fixed to an upper outer side of the rotation section 33111 and formed at an outer side of the seating section 33112 with a guide slope inclined outward from a bottom thereof, the restoring member 3314 acting between the upper inner side of the rotation section and the fixing base 3312.
Referring to fig. 10 and 11, the fixing member 3312 and the check member 3311 are provided with a horizontal through hole at the same horizontal height, and a rotating shaft 3313 is provided in the horizontal through hole; to prevent the rotation shaft 3313 from being separated from the transverse through hole, the check 3311 is provided with a longitudinal through hole perpendicular to the transverse through hole, and although not shown in the drawings, it should be understood that a fixing bolt 3315, preferably a bolt, is detachably coupled to the rotation shaft 3313.
Further, the inclination angle between the outer side of the rotating section 33111 of each set of the check button 331 and the horizontal plane is α, the included angle between the inner side of the check member 3311 and the fixing member 3312 is β, and the tray 321 presses the check member 3311 to be close to the fixing member 3312 in the recycling process.
When the tray 321 on the product positioning component 32 is emptied at the transfer station 37, the product positioning component 32 is driven by the horizontal driving component 34 to move down to a position right below the tray recovery component 33, the lifting driver 323 is started to lift the tray 321, and the tray 321 passes through the check buckle 331 in the lifting process, because the outer side of the upper part of the rotating section 33111 and the outer side of the bearing section 33112 form a guiding inclined plane, the inclination angle between the outer side of the rotating section 33111 and the horizontal plane is α, and the included angle between the inner side of the check part 3311 and the fixing part 3312 is β, the check part 3311 gradually approaches to the fixing part 3312 under the extrusion of the tray 321 in the lifting process of the tray 321 to be in an unlocked state; when the rising height of the tray 321 exceeds the check button 331, the check member 3311 is restored to the original locking state by the reset member 3314, the tray 321 is supported on the horizontal plane formed by the check button 331 and the fixing section 3312, the next tray 321 to be recovered repeats the above operations, the previous tray 321 to be recovered is stacked above the next tray 321 to be recovered, the recovery of the tray 321 is finally realized, and the operation is repeatedly circulated to realize the recovery of the tray.
In summary, the feeding process of the product along with the tray is as follows: the product positioning assembly 32 moves to a position right below the product loading assembly 31 under the action of the horizontal driving assembly 34, the jacking driver 323 drives the object stage 325 to ascend, the pair of jacking pieces 3242 are driven by the positioning driver 3241 to approach or separate from each other so as to jack and position the tray from the jacking positioning groove at the bottom of the lowest tray 321, after the tray 321 is jacked and positioned stably by the jacking pieces, the lifting driver 323 drives the tray 321 to descend into the shuttle channel, and the horizontal driving assembly 34 drives the tray 321 to move to the product transferring station 37 along the shuttle channel to wait for the grabbing assembly 43 to grab and carry.
Referring to fig. 2, the grasping assembly 43 is driven by the traverse driver 44 to slide back and forth along the carrying beam 47, the carrying beam 47 is driven by the carrying driver 41 to slide back and forth between the tray recovery station 36 and the relay conveying mechanism 48, so that the grasping assembly 43 carries a single product to the product stripping mechanism 42 after grasping the product at the product transfer station 37 at a time, and the grasping assembly 43 carries the product 45 to the relay conveying mechanism 48 after the film on the product 45 is stripped.
Referring to fig. 3, the relay transport mechanism 48 includes:
a relay base 481, one end of which is adjacent to the product feeding device 3 and the other end of which is adjacent to the product buffer jig 15, wherein a matching slide track 482 extending along the extending direction of the rack 38 is arranged on the relay base 481;
a receiving base 484, which is slidably coupled to the coupling slide 482; and
a relay driver drivingly connected to the susceptor 484;
a sliding guide rod 483 is further disposed on the relay base 481, an extending direction of the sliding guide rod 483 is consistent with an extending direction of the adapting slide rail 482, and the receiving base 484 is sleeved on the sliding guide rod 483; the bearing base 484 is provided with a product positioning jig 485. The grabbing assembly 43 grabs a single product at the product transfer station 37 at each time and then carries the product to the product film tearing mechanism 42, after a film on the product 45 is torn off, the grabbing assembly 43 carries the product 45 to the relay conveying mechanism 48, then the bearing seat 484 is driven by the relay driver to slide to the next station along the adapting slide rail 482, and the product positioning jig 485 can stably clamp and position the product in the sliding process, so that additional positioning steps are saved, and the feeding efficiency is improved.
Referring to fig. 14-15, the product tearing mechanism 42 is provided with a film tearing assembly 421 for peeling off a film 454 on a product 45; the film 454 includes:
an annular membrane body 4541 adapted to the annular product 45 and affixed to the annular product 45; and
a clamping ear 4542 connected to an outer side of the membrane body 4541 and extending outwardly;
the film tearing assembly 421 comprises a film tearing driver and a film tearing clamping jaw 4214 driven by the film tearing driver; the gripping assembly 43 comprises a nozzle body 436 for sucking the annular product 45;
the ring-shaped product 45 is handled by the gripper assembly 43 such that the gripping ears 4542 extend into the gripping ends of the tear film jaws 4214.
Referring to fig. 14, the annular product 45 includes an annular product body and an ear portion 452 provided on an inner ring of the product body; the film 454 comprises a ring-shaped film body 4541 which is adapted to the ring-shaped product 45 and is attached to the ring-shaped product 45, and holding ears 4542 which are connected to the outer side of the film body 4541 and extend outward, and at the same time, the film body 4541 is formed with breakable indentations 4543 near the holding ears 4542;
the film tearing mechanism 4 comprises a grabbing component 43 and a product film tearing mechanism 42; the grabbing component 43 is internally provided with a suction component for sucking the annular product 45 and a driving component for driving the suction component, the suction component is internally provided with a suction nozzle body 436, the annular product 45 is sucked on the suction nozzle body 436, and the annular product 45 is driven by the driving component, so that the annular product 45 is transferred/carried; referring to fig. 13 and 14, the product tearing mechanism 42 is provided with a tearing assembly 421 for clamping the film 454 attached to the annular product 45, the tearing assembly 421 includes a tearing driver and a tearing clamping jaw 4214 driven by the tearing driver, and the driving assembly is used for driving the grabbing assembly 43 to move; the annular product 45 is sucked by the suction nozzle body 436 and driven by the driving assembly, so that the annular product 45 moves close to the film tearing clamping jaw 4214, when the clamping lug 4542 extends into the clamping part of the film tearing clamping jaw 4214, the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 clamps the clamping lug 4542, and the film 454 is peeled off from the annular product 45.
Specifically, the driving assembly includes a first driving assembly 41 and a second driving assembly 44, and the nozzle body 436 is driven by the first driving assembly 41 and the second driving assembly 44 in a matching manner to move in the horizontal plane direction; a vertical driving assembly 431 is further disposed in the grabbing assembly 43, and the vertical driving assembly 431 drives the nozzle body 436 to move in the vertical direction;
the first driving assembly 41, the second driving assembly 44 and the vertical driving assembly 431 are used for facilitating the movement of the nozzle body 435 in three axial directions X, Y, Z so as to realize the movement of the annular product 45 in the film tearing equipment; specifically, the second driving assembly 44 is mounted on a movable end of the first driving assembly 41, wherein the movable end is a movable end of the driver, after the power output end of the driver is transmitted through the transmission module, the movable component in the driver moves in a certain direction under the transmission action of the transmission module, and the external component can be connected with the movable component, so that the movable component, which moves along with the movable component and drives the external component to move, is called as a movable end of the driver; the first driving assembly 41 drives the second driving assembly 44 to move along the X-axis direction; the grabbing component 43 is mounted on the movable end of the second driving component 44, and the second driving component 44 drives the grabbing component 43 to move along the Y-axis direction; the nozzle body 436 is disposed on a movable end of the vertical driving assembly 431, such that the vertical driving assembly 431 drives the nozzle body 436 to move along the Z-axis direction, and thus the first driving assembly 41, the second driving assembly 44, and the vertical driving assembly 431 drive the nozzle body 436 to move;
the first driving assembly 41 further comprises a guiding assembly, the second driving assembly 44 is overlapped between the first driving assemblies 41, the second driving assembly 44 is enabled to move more stably by the arrangement of the guiding assembly, and the gravity supporting positions of the second driving assembly 44 and the grabbing assembly 43 are arranged on the movable ends of the guiding assembly and the first driving assembly 41, so that the supporting force of each stress point is reduced, and the service life of the driving assemblies is prolonged.
In a preferred embodiment, the film tearing driver comprises a rotation driver 4213 and a clamping driver in transmission connection with a power output end of the rotation driver 4213, and the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 is in transmission connection with a power output end of the clamping driver; after the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 clamps the clamping lug 4542, the turning driver 4213 drives the clamping driver to rotate so that the film body 4541 is disconnected from the indentation 4543 under the traction of the clamping lug 4542 and the film body 4541 is divided into: a bonding section to which the endless product 45 is bonded; and a lifting section lifted from the annular product 45 under the traction of the clamping lug 4542.
Specifically, the grabbing assembly 43 further comprises a rotary driving assembly 434 in transmission connection with a power output end of the driving assembly, and the nozzle body 436 is in transmission connection with a power output end of the rotary driving assembly 434; when the rotary driver 4213 drives the clamping driver to rotate, so that the clamping lug 4542 is lifted, the annular product 45 drives the annular product 45 to move relative to the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 through the driving component and the rotary driving component 434, so that the area of the lifted section is increased, and the area of the attaching section is correspondingly reduced; in the preferred embodiment, the rotary driving component 434 drives the nozzle body 436 to rotate, and at the same time, the vertical driving component 431 drives the nozzle body 436 to move in the Z-axis direction, so that the lifting tendency of the lifting section gradually spreads toward the attaching section until the film body is completely separated from the annular product, so that the annular product 45 on the nozzle body 436 quickly separates the film 454.
The film tearing device further comprises a forming assembly 424, the product film tearing mechanism 42 further comprises a support 423, the forming assembly 424 is mounted on the support 423, wherein the forming assembly 424 comprises a forming head 4242 and a pushing module 4241; the molding head 4242 is used for molding the ear portion 452 of the ring-shaped product 45, and the pushing module 4241 is used for pushing the molding head 4242.
As shown in fig. 16 and 17, the support 423 includes a work substrate 4231, a stage 425 is mounted on one surface of the work substrate 4231, and a mounting plate 4233 is mounted on the other surface of the work substrate 4231, specifically, the stage 425 is mounted on the upper surface of the work substrate 423, and the corresponding mounting plate 4233 is fixed on the lower surface of the work substrate 423; wherein the mounting plate 4233 is adapted to receive the molding assembly 424; the movement direction of the forming head 4242 is inclined relative to the working substrate 4231, the carrying platform 425 is provided with a pushing hole 4252 penetrating through the upper surface and the lower surface to form a bearing ring matched with the annular product 45, the sucking assembly sucks the annular product 45, then the annular product 45 is transferred and pressed down on the bearing ring, and the pushing module 4241 drives the forming head 4242 to enter the pushing hole 4252 so as to push the ear part 452 of the annular product 45 into the suction nozzle body 436;
the annular product 45 is adsorbed by the adsorption component and then moves to the carrier 425, and the carrier 425 and the adsorption component press the product body 451, so that the annular product 45 is fixed; after the annular product 45 is fixed, the pushing module 4241 pushes the forming head 4242, and the ear portion 452 is pushed to a projection position falling within the range of the product body 451, so that other products, specifically, the ear portion 452 in the horizontal position is pushed to deform to be vertical in the subsequent assembly process.
Specifically, the carrier 425 and the nozzle body 436 have shapes substantially identical to the annular shape of the product body, and the receiving ring and the nozzle body 436 grip the product body to facilitate the molding of the ear portion 452 by the molding head 4242 to change the shape thereof.
The carrier 425 is further provided with a clamping gap 4251, when the sucking assembly carries the annular product onto the carrier 425, the rotary driving assembly 434 rotates the nozzle body 436, so that the clamping lug 4542 falls into the clamping gap 4251 and protrudes outwards in the radial direction from the clamping gap 4251, and the clamping lug 4542 is opposite to the film tearing clamping jaw 4214; the film tearing assembly 421 comprises a linear driving module 4211, and a rotary driver 4213 is driven by the linear driving module 4211 to move towards the clamping gap 4251, so that a film tearing clamping jaw 4214 extends into the clamping gap 4251 to clamp the clamping ear 4542; specifically, the linear driving module 4211 drives the rotary driver 4213 to move along the Y-axis direction, and drives the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 to approach the positioning seat 4232;
the forming head 4242 is used for forming the ear part 452 of the annular product 45, and the pushing module 4241 is used for pushing the forming head 4242; the suction assembly includes a nozzle body 436;
further, the carrier 425 is provided with pushing holes 4252 penetrating through the upper and lower surfaces to form a receiving ring adapted to the annular product 45, the suction assembly sucks the annular product 45, then transfers and presses the annular product 45 to the receiving ring, and the pushing module 4241 drives the forming head 4242 to enter the pushing holes 4252 to push the ear portions 452 of the annular product 45 to the nozzle body 436;
the annular product 45 is adsorbed by the adsorption component and then moves to the carrier 425, and the carrier 425 and the adsorption component press the product body 451, so that the annular product 45 is fixed; after the annular product 45 is fixed, the pushing module 4241 pushes the forming head 4242, and the ear portion 452 is pushed to a projection position falling within the range of the product body 451, so that other products, specifically, the ear portion 452 in the horizontal position is pushed to deform to be vertical in the subsequent assembly process.
Specifically, the carrier 425 and the nozzle body 436 have shapes substantially identical to the annular product body 451, and the receiving ring and the nozzle body 436 clamp the product body 451 to facilitate the molding of the ear portions 452 by the molding head 4242 to change the shapes thereof.
In order to facilitate the pushing of the ear 452, the interference between the suction assembly and the ear 452 is avoided; as shown in fig. 20 to 22, the suction assembly includes a nozzle mount 435, a nozzle body 436, and a stopper 437; the annular product 45 comprises an annular product body 451 and an ear part 452 arranged on the inner ring of the product body 451, and since the position of the ear part 452 is in the subsequent assembly process to generate interference, in order to avoid the interference phenomenon, the ear part 452 needs to be pushed to the projection position falling within the range of the product body 451;
specifically, the suction nozzle mount 435, which is hollow inside to form a vacuum generation chamber; a nozzle body 436 which is hollow inside and opened at the bottom thereof to form an opening, so that the nozzle body 436 is annular in shape, and a plurality of circumferentially arranged adsorption holes 4361 are provided at the periphery of the opening corresponding to the product body 451; a limiting block 437, which is detachably mounted inside the nozzle body 436, wherein a forming groove 4371 for limiting a product is provided on the limiting block 437, and meanwhile, since the ear 452 of the annular product 45 can extend into the forming groove 4371, so that according to the internal shape of the forming groove 4371, the ear 452 is pressed into the forming groove 4371 through a forming mechanism adapted to the forming groove 4371, the ear 452 is formed into a simpler shape to meet the adaptation of the subsequent assembly process, and through the detachably mounted limiting block 437, different limiting blocks 437 of the forming groove 4371 are conveniently replaced, so that the shape of the formed ear 452 is adjusted to meet the requirements of different shapes of the ear 452;
a plurality of air channels 4363 are formed in the side wall of the suction nozzle body 436, each air channel 4363 leads from a corresponding adsorption hole 4361 to a vacuum generation chamber, and the suction nozzle body 436 is communicated with the vacuum generation chamber on the suction nozzle mounting seat 435 through the adsorption holes 4361 and the air channels 4363, so that negative pressure is formed at the adsorption holes 4361 to adsorb annular products; because the suction nozzle body 436 is provided with the built-in air path 4363 and the suction channels are arranged into three sections according to the extending path of the air path 4363, the interference of the traditional external air path on the movement path of the suction port mechanism is avoided, and the problem that the traditional external air path occupies a large space is also avoided.
Further, a suction hole 4351 used for communicating with an external negative pressure generating device is formed in the side wall of the suction nozzle mounting seat 435, the suction hole 4351 is communicated with the adsorption hole 4361, negative pressure is formed at the adsorption hole 4361, so that the suction nozzle body 436 adsorbs the annular product, the suction nozzle body 436 adsorbs the product body 452 from multiple positions through the plurality of adsorption holes 4361 arranged circumferentially at the opening, the suction force at the position of each adsorption hole 4361 is reduced, the annular product 45 is uniformly stressed, and the annular product 45 is prevented from being damaged.
Further, the ear 45 of the annular product 45 of being convenient for is stretched into to the uncovered on the suction nozzle body 436, has avoided touching ear 452 at the in-process suction nozzle body 436 who snatchs annular product 45, changes ear 452's position, has guaranteed that ear 452 is in its projection position and falls into product body 451 within range, has ensured follow-up assembly work and has normally gone on, has improved automation efficiency.
In a preferred embodiment, a slot 4362 is formed in a side wall of the nozzle body 436, a limit block 437 is embedded in the slot 4362, the limit block 437 corresponds to an ear 452 of the product, and the limit block 437 is detachably connected with the nozzle body 436, so that the limit block 437 is conveniently detached.
Specifically, the limiting block 437 includes an installation section and a molding section, the molding section is integrally combined with the installation section at one end of the installation section and extends downward, the limiting block 437 is installed on the top wall of the nozzle body 436 through the installation section, and the molding section is embedded in the notch 4362; in the preferred embodiment, the limiting block 437 is L-shaped, wherein the mounting section includes a fixing end 437a, the fixing end 437a is mounted on the open top surface, the forming section includes a connecting portion 437c and a limiting end 437d, and the connecting portion 437c and the limiting end 437d are disposed in the notch 4362; the part of the downward extending trend from the mounting section to the forming section comprises a turning part 437b, a limiting column is arranged at the position of the turning part 437b, and the limiting column is connected with the nozzle body 436 to limit the position of the limiting block 437, so that the limiting block 437 is stably connected with the nozzle body 436, and the limiting block 437 is prevented from deviating in the working process.
The cross-sectional area of the connecting part 437c near the limiting end 437d is gradually reduced, and the cross-sectional area of the limiting end 437d far away from the connecting part 437c is gradually increased, so that one end of the limiting block 437 embedded in the notch 4362 is in a V shape, and a forming groove 4371 for inward concave is formed between the connecting part 437c and the limiting end 437 d.
As shown in fig. 18 and 19, in a preferred embodiment, the pushing module 4241 pushes the forming head 4242 to move in an inclined direction relative to the ear 452 of the annular product 45, because, during the process of pushing the ear 452 to bend, after the forming head 4242 releases the pushing force on the ear 452, the ear 452 will return to a certain extent, in order to ensure that the ear 452 is adjusted to a fixed position range, the distance required for pushing the ear 452 should be greater than the theoretical distance from the ear 452 to the fixed position, the distance for returning the ear 452 is reserved, and the ear 452 is still in the fixed position range after returning, therefore, the moving direction of the forming head 4242 is inclined relative to the ear 452, so that the projection position of the ear 452 falls within the position range of the product body 451;
the forming head 4242 comprises a forming end 4242a, and one end of the forming head 4242, which pushes the annular product 45, comprises the forming end 4242 a; the forming head 4242 is in transmission connection with the power output end of the pushing module 4241, a first limiting portion 4242b extending outwards is arranged on the side wall of the forming end 4242a, when the forming end 4242a pushes the lug portion 452 into the suction nozzle body 436, the first limiting portion 4242b is abutted against the bottom of the annular product 45, so that the depth of the forming head 4242 extending into the forming groove 4371 is limited.
As shown in fig. 24, in particular, the upper top surface of the shaped end 4242a contacts the ear 452 for urging the ear 452; the forming end 4242a is connected with the first limiting portion 4242b, an ear 452 is pressed in a forming groove 4371 for forming the shape of the ear 452, the forming end 4242a is convex, wherein the upper top surface of the forming end 4242a is attached to the ear 452 which is in a horizontal position before forming, the forming head 424 pushes the ear 452, so that the ear 452 is turned over until the ear 452 is separated from the upper top surface and contacted, at the moment, the surface of the forming end 4242a adjacent to the upper top surface and connected with the first limiting portion 4242b is a pressing surface, the pressing surface is attached to the ear 452, the forming head 4242 is driven by the pushing module 4241 to push the ear 452 towards the forming groove 4371, so that the pressing surface and the forming groove 4371 clamp the ear 452 to form the shape of the desired ear 452.
Furthermore, the other end of the forming head 4242, which is in contact with the product, is provided with a second limit portion 4242c, and the pushing hole 4252 limits the passage of the second limit portion 4242c, so as to limit the movement distance of the forming head 4242, thereby preventing the forming head 4242 from colliding with the inner side wall of the nozzle body 436.
The forming end 4242a is connected with the first position-limiting portion 4242b so as to form a V-shaped concave portion therebetween for the turning position where the product body 451 is connected with the ear portion 452, and the concave portion formed by the forming end 4242a and the first position-limiting portion 4242b corresponds to the tip of the position-limiting end 437d, so as to ensure the shape of the turning position where the product body 451 is connected with the ear portion 452.
As shown in fig. 20, the grasping unit 43 further has a connecting bracket 432 and a detecting unit 433 built therein, the detecting component 433 is connected with the rotary driving component 434 to form a whole through the connecting bracket 432, the connecting bracket 432 is provided with a supporting plate 4321 for bearing the rotary driving component 434, the power output end of the vertical driving component 431 is in transmission connection with the connecting bracket 432, so that the connecting bracket 432 drives the detecting component 433 and the rotary driving component 434 to move along the Y-axis direction, and the detecting component 433 detects the positioning, driven by the first and second driving assemblies 41 and 44 to move the nozzle body 435 to a position corresponding to the carrier 425, driven by the vertical driving component 431, the nozzle body 435 is close to the positioning seat 4232, so that the annular product moves to the position of the bearing ring, the clamping lug 4542 corresponds to the clamping notch 4251, and the clamping lug 454 is conveniently clamped by the film tearing clamping jaw 4214;
the tearing film assembly 421 further comprises a connecting plate 4212, the tearing film assembly 421 is connected by the connecting plate 4212 to form an integral structure, and the structure of the tearing film assembly comprises that the connecting plate 4212 is arranged on the movable end of the linear driving module 4211, the rotating driver 4213 is arranged on the connecting plate 4212, the clamping driver is arranged on the rotatable end of the rotating driver 4213, and the tearing film clamping jaw 4214 is arranged on the clamping end of the clamping driver, so that the tearing film assembly 421 is convenient to realize the work of linear movement, film clamping and film overturning.
The film tearing step of the film tearing equipment specifically comprises the steps that a driving assembly drives a suction assembly to move, so that a suction nozzle body 436 sucks an annular product to move close to a carrier 425, a detection assembly 433 detects and positions the annular product, after the positioning is finished, the suction nozzle body 436 accurately places the annular product on the carrier 425, a pushing module 4241 pushes a forming head 424, so that the forming head 4242 pushes an ear part 452 into the suction nozzle body 436, while the forming assembly 424 forms the ear part 452, a linear driving module 4211 drives a film tearing clamping jaw 4214 to move towards a clamping gap 4251 on the carrier 425, so that the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 clamps a clamping ear 4542, a rotation driver 4213 drives the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 to rotate after clamping the film, so that the film 454 is disconnected from an indentation 4543 under the traction of the clamping ear 4542 clamped by the film tearing clamping jaw 4214, the film clamped by the clamping jaw 4214 is overturned around a Y axis, and then the suction nozzle body 435 is driven to rotate by a rotation driving assembly 434, the annular product 45 is driven to rotate in the horizontal plane direction, meanwhile, the vertical driving assembly 431 drives the suction nozzle body 436 to ascend, so that the lifting trend of the lifting section of the film 454 gradually spreads to the attaching section until the film body 4541 is completely separated from the annular product 45, the film 454 is torn from the product body, the film 454 is quickly and conveniently torn from the body of the annular product 45 through the film tearing step, and the film tearing efficiency is higher.
A waste material box 422 is arranged between the film tearing assembly 421 and the support 423, after the film 454 is torn from the annular product 45, the linear driving module 4211 drives the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 to be away from the positioning seat 4232 along the Y-axis direction, at this time, the linear driving module 4211 drives the film tearing clamping jaw 4214 which clamps the torn film 454 to move to the position above the waste material box 422, and the torn film is placed in the waste material box 422 by the film tearing clamping jaw 4214.
Referring to fig. 26, the assembling robot 5 includes:
a fixed base 51;
a connecting arm 52 fixedly mounted on the fixed base 51; and
at least one driving arm 53 rotatably connected in turn;
the first transmission arm 53 is rotatably connected to the connection arm 52, and the last transmission arm 53 is provided with the assembly suction component 54 and the visual identification component 55.
Referring to fig. 27, the carrier loading device 1 includes:
the conveying belt 11 is sequentially provided with a feeding station 111, a positioning station 112 and an NG station 113 along the conveying direction, and the conveying belt 11 periodically conveys a plurality of carriers 69; and
the feeding mechanism 12 is erected right above the conveyor belt 11 and is positioned at the feeding station 111;
a positioning mechanism 14 provided at the positioning station 112;
and an NG recovery mechanism 64 provided at the NG station 113.
Further, the conveyor belts 11 are arranged in parallel and at intervals to form a conveying space between the two conveyor belts 11; the positioning mechanism 14 includes:
a positioning plate 141 mounted on the conveyor belt 11, the bottom surface of which is kept horizontal; and
a jacking positioning driver 143 disposed in the conveying space and located below the positioning plate 141;
the positioning plate 141 is provided with an operation through hole 142 penetrating through the upper and lower surfaces thereof, and after the product 69 is conveyed to the positioning station 112 by the conveyor belt 11, the jacking positioning driver 143 pushes the product 69 upwards from the conveyor belt 11 to the bottom surface of the positioning plate 141 to jack tightly and expose at least a part of the top surface of the product 69 through the operation through hole 142.
Referring to fig. 28 to 30, the NG recovery mechanism 64 includes:
a recovery rack 643 mounted on the conveyor belt 11;
an aggregate bearing platform 641 which is slidably connected with the recovery frame 643, wherein the aggregate bearing platform 641 is provided with a material guide opening 6413 penetrating through the upper part and the lower part;
at least three non-return assemblies 6411 non-collinearly arranged inside the edge of the material guide opening 6413; and
the jacking assembly 68 is positioned right below the material guide opening 6413;
the carrier 69 is pushed into the material guiding opening 6413 along the direction from bottom to top by the driving of the lifting assembly 68, and the carrier 69 is supported by the backstop assembly 6411 after being pushed into the material guiding opening 6413.
The recycling mechanism operation includes, when the aggregate platform 641 is full, drawing the aggregate platform 641 such that the full aggregate platform 641 is removed from directly above the lift-up assembly 68 and eventually withdrawn from the recycling bay 643, then replacing the empty aggregate platform 641 in the recycling bay 643 and aligning the drop guide 6413 on the empty aggregate platform 641 with the lift-up assembly 68 to complete the replacement of the full aggregate platform 641 with the empty aggregate platform 641.
Referring to fig. 36 in detail, backstop assembly 6411 includes:
a connecting seat body;
a fluke; one end of the connecting base is pivoted with the connecting base body, and the other end of the connecting base is used for supporting the carrier; and
a reset piece 6415 arranged between the connecting socket body and the fluke;
the anchor fluke comprises a material bearing surface 6411a and an inclined surface 6411b inclined relative to the material bearing surface 6411a, wherein the material bearing surface 6411a is arranged as an upper surface, and the inclined surface 6411b is a lower surface relative to the material bearing surface 6411 a; specifically, as shown in fig. 7 and 8, when the carrier 69 is driven by the jacking assembly 68 to lift up, the carrier 69 slides on the inclined surface 6411b, and the fluke rotates towards the inner wall side of the material guiding opening 6413, so that the carrier 69 passes through the material guiding opening 6413, when the jacking assembly 68 falls back, the carrier 69 abuts against the material guiding surface 6411a, and by providing the inclined surface 6411b, the jacking assembly 68 pushes the carrier 69, thereby driving the fluke to turn over, so that the carrier 69 passes through the material guiding opening 6413, meanwhile, specifically, the material guiding surface 6411a is a surface arranged on a horizontal plane, when the carrier 69 abuts against the material guiding surface 6411a, the connecting seat body limits the rotation of the fluke, so that the fluke supports the carrier 69, and the carrier 69 can only be fed into the recycling mechanism from below the material guiding opening 6413, and the carrier stack in the recycling mechanism is layered.
Specifically, the work process includes that the jacking assembly 68 jacks the carrier 69 which is moved to be directly above the jacking assembly 68 into the material guiding opening 6413 along the direction from bottom to top until the carrier 69 passes through the material guiding opening 6413, the jacking assembly 68 retracts while the carrier 69 falls back to be in contact with the fluke of the backstop assembly 6411, so that the jacking assembly 68 continues to retract, the carrier 69 is supported by the backstop assembly 6411 and stays on the material collecting bearing platform 641, and the jacking assembly 68 periodically drives upwards, so that the carrier 69 is recovered.
However, it should be understood that periodic upward actuation of the lift assembly 68 is not necessary, and that recovery can be achieved by periodic movement when recovering the carrier 69, such as when recovering a finished carrier, thereby simplifying the control logic; however, the recycling mechanism is not limited to recycling the carriers 69 that have been processed, and the recycling mechanism may also be disposed between the stations of the production line for recycling defective products that have been processed, and the detection device controls the operation of the lifting assembly 68 in the recycling mechanism, so as to determine whether to recycle the carriers 69 into the recycling mechanism according to the quality of the carriers 69
As shown in fig. 30 to 33, the inner side of the edge of the material guiding opening 6413 is provided with an even number of guide members 647 radially arranged in the circumferential direction of the material guiding opening 6413, and the guide members 647 are arranged to constitute at least one guide subset, each of which includes a pair of guide members 647 oppositely arranged.
37-39, the guide assembly 647 is shown in greater detail and includes:
a guide plate 6471 for limiting a position of the carrier 69 ejected into the material guide port 6413;
a rotating shaft pivoted to one end of the guide plate 6471; and
a guide resetting member 6473 for providing an acting force of the guide carrier 69;
wherein, the guide plate 6471 is provided with a pivot joint part 6471c at one end thereof, specifically, the pivot joint part 6471c comprises a shaft hole for receiving the rotating shaft, the carrier 69 is lifted into the guide subset by the lifting assembly 68, and the position of the carrier 69 limited by the guide plate 6471 is adjusted under the restoring force of the guide resetting member 6473 on the guide plate 6471.
The guide assembly 647 is disposed below the backstop assembly 6411, and the position of the carrier 69 is guided by the guide assembly 647, so that the carrier 69 can conveniently and accurately pass through the material guide opening 6413 to be placed on the backstop assembly 6411.
In a preferred embodiment, the guide assembly 647 further comprises a coupling portion 6474;
the connecting portion 6474 is used for fixing the guide assembly 647 on the aggregate bearing platform 641, a through hole penetrating up and down is formed in the connecting portion 6474, the guide plate 6471 is pivoted in the through hole, so that the guide plate 6471 and the connecting portion 6474 form a connecting structure, and meanwhile, the other end of the guide plate 6471 extends outwards from the lower part of the connecting portion 6474, so that the carrier 69 is firstly contacted with the guide plate 6471.
A convex part is arranged at the other end of the guide plate 6471 and used for limiting the carrier 69 to fall back, and the convex part comprises a non-return part 6471a and a guide surface 6471 b; the structure is similar to that of the fluke in the backstop assembly 6411, and the difference is that two opposite guide plates 6471 clamp the carrier 69, so as to adjust the position of the carrier 69;
specifically, the inner side wall of the guide plate 6471 includes a limiting surface 6471d, and the limiting surface 6471d abuts against two opposite side surfaces of the carrier 69, so as to limit the position of the carrier 69; the carrier 69 is driven by the jacking assembly 68 to slide along the guide plate 6471 in a defined direction from bottom to top.
The material guiding opening 6413 is circumferentially provided with material limiting guide posts 6412 along the outer edge of the material guiding opening 6412, the position of the carrier 69 is limited by the material limiting guide posts 6412, a storage space for containing the carrier 69 is formed by the material limiting guide posts 6412 in a surrounding mode, meanwhile, the carrier 69 is conveniently stacked, the position of the carrier 69 is limited by the material limiting guide posts 6412, and collapse caused by the fact that the carrier 69 is too high is avoided.
The recycling mechanism further includes a pull assembly 645, the pull assembly 645 including:
a receiving layer for receiving the aggregate receiving platform 641; and
a drawing panel provided at one end of the receiving layer;
the recovery mechanism can be erected on a transmission assembly line, the assembly line operation is convenient, the automation is realized, and the jacking assembly 68 is arranged in the transmission assembly line; meanwhile, the pull panel is provided with a handle, and the pull assembly 645 can be pulled by pulling the handle, so as to drive the aggregate bearing platform 641, so that the full aggregate bearing platform 641 is pulled to a position far away from the transmission assembly line, and the stacked carriers 69 in the aggregate bearing platform 641 can be conveniently taken out by an operator.
A guide 642 is arranged between the recovery housing 643 and the pull-out assembly 645, so that the pull-out assembly 645 slides along the guide 642 in a limited direction relative to the recovery housing 643;
referring to fig. 29, the carrier recovery mechanism further includes a locking assembly 646, and the pull-out assembly 645 forms a detachable fixed connection structure with the recovery frame 643 through the locking assembly 646, thereby defining the position of the aggregate receiving platform 641.
The locking assembly 646 is arranged on the recovery frame 643, and the other end of the pulling assembly 645 is provided with a limit block 6451; the locking assembly 646 comprises a locking block 6461 and a driving module for driving the locking block 6461, wherein a notch matched with the limiting block 6451 is formed in the locking block 6461;
the locking block 6461 is driven by the driving module, so that the locking block 6461 moves to be in clamping connection with the limiting block 6451, and the movement of the drawing assembly 645 is limited, so that the drawing assembly 645 is locked with the recycling frame 643, and the deviation of the drawing assembly 645 caused by the driving force of the jacking assembly 68 is avoided.
Meanwhile, a connecting portion 6474 of the guide assembly 647 is provided with a guide rod 6472, wherein the guide rod 6472 passes through the material guide opening 6413, specifically, the guide rod 6472 passes through one side or two sides of the backstop assembly 6411 for limiting the carrier 69 entering the material guide opening 6413, since the material limiting guide pillar 6412 is arranged on the upper surface of the aggregate bearing platform 641, the carrier 69 in the material guide opening 6413 during passing through the backstop assembly 6411 has no limiting component, and the guide rod 6472 is arranged on the connecting portion 6474 for limiting the carrier 69 passing through the backstop assembly 6411.
Assembling process: after a worker or a manipulator grabs a single product each time, the product is transported to the product positioning jig 485 in the product feeding mechanism 48, then the socket 484 is driven by the feeding driver to slide down the product buffering jig 15 along the adapting slide rail 482, then the assembling manipulator 5 drives the assembling suction nozzle 54 to suck the product and then place the product in the product buffering jig 15 for buffering, and after the carrier 69 in the carrier feeding device is conveyed to the positioning station 112, the assembling manipulator 5 drives the assembling suction nozzle 54 to suck a product and then assemble the product into the carrier 69.
Due to the arrangement of the jacking positioning assembly, the space position of the carrier is accurately positioned, the product cannot be displaced such as dislocation when being assembled to the carrier, and the assembly precision of the product is improved.
The number of apparatuses and the scale of the process described herein are intended to simplify the description of the present invention. Applications, modifications and variations of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
The features of the different implementations described herein may be combined to form other embodiments not specifically set forth above. The components may be omitted from the structures described herein without adversely affecting their operation. Further, various individual components may be combined into one or more individual components to perform the functions described herein.
Furthermore, while embodiments of the invention have been described above, it is not limited to the applications set forth in the description and the embodiments, which are fully applicable in a variety of fields of endeavor to which the invention pertains, and further modifications may readily be made by those skilled in the art, it being understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described herein without departing from the general concept defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (13)

1. A dyestripping assembly integral type assembly line, it includes dyestripping assembly line, assembly line and relay transport mechanism (48), its characterized in that, the dyestripping assembly line includes:
a product loading device (3) in which a plurality of trays for containing products are stacked;
the product carrying mechanism (4) is erected on the product feeding device (3); and
a product film tearing mechanism (42) which is arranged at the downstream of the product feeding device (3) in the feeding direction;
the assembly line includes:
the assembling manipulator (5) is provided with an assembling suction assembly (54);
a carrier loading device (1) arranged beside the relay conveying mechanism (48); and
the product caching jig (15) is arranged between the relay conveying mechanism (48) and the assembling manipulator (5), and a plurality of product caching acupuncture points are formed in the product caching jig (15);
the relay conveying mechanism (48) is bridged between the film tearing assembly line and the assembling assembly line, so that one end of the relay conveying mechanism (48) is abutted to the product feeding device (3), and the other end of the relay conveying mechanism (48) is abutted to the product caching jig (15).
2. The tear film assembly integrated line of claim 1, wherein the product handling mechanism (4) comprises: the product loading device comprises bases (46) arranged on two sides of the product loading device (3) respectively, a carrying cross beam (47) connected to the two bases (46) in a sliding mode, a grabbing assembly (43) connected with the carrying cross beam (47) in a sliding mode, and a transverse moving driver (44) and a carrying driver (41) connected with the grabbing assembly (43) and the carrying cross beam (47) in a transmission mode respectively.
3. Tear film assembly integrated line according to claim 2, wherein said product feeding means (3) comprises:
the device comprises a rack (38), a product loading station (35), a tray recovery station (36) and a product transfer station (37) which are sequentially arranged along a linear direction, wherein the relay conveying mechanism (48) is adjacent to a product loading device (3) at the product transfer station (37);
the product feeding assembly (31), the tray recovery assembly (33) and the product positioning assembly (32) are respectively arranged at the product feeding station (35), the tray recovery station (36) and the product transfer station (37); and
and the power output end of the horizontal driving assembly (34) is in transmission connection with the product positioning assembly (32).
4. The tear film assembly integrated production line of claim 3, wherein the product tear film mechanism (42) is provided with a tear film assembly (421) for peeling off the film (454) on the product (45); the membrane (454) comprises:
an annular membrane body (4541) which is adapted to the annular product (45) and is attached to the annular product (45); and
a clamping ear (4542) connected to an outer side of the membrane body (4541) and extending outwardly;
wherein the film tearing assembly (421) comprises a film tearing driver and a film tearing clamping jaw (4214) driven by the film tearing driver; the gripping assembly (43) comprises a nozzle body (436) for sucking the annular product (45);
the annular product (45) is handled by the gripper assembly (43) such that the gripping ears (4542) protrude into the gripping ends of the tear film jaws (4214).
5. The tear film assembly integrated line of claim 4, wherein the film body (4541) is formed with a frangible indentation (4543) adjacent the grip tab (4542);
the film tearing driver comprises a rotating driver (4213) and a clamping driver in transmission connection with a power output end of the rotating driver (4213), and the film tearing clamping jaw (4214) is in transmission connection with the power output end of the clamping driver;
after the film tearing clamping jaw (4214) clamps the clamping ear (4542), the rotary driver (4213) drives the clamping driver to rotate so that the film body (4541) is disconnected from the indentation (4543) under the traction of the clamping ear (4542) and the film body (4541) is divided into:
a gluing section to which the annular product (45) adheres;
and a lifting section lifted from the annular product (45) under the traction of the clamping lug (4542).
6. The tear film assembly integrated production line of claim 5, wherein the gripping assembly (43) further comprises a rotary driving assembly (434) in transmission connection with a power output end of the driving assembly, and the nozzle body (436) is in transmission connection with a power output end of the rotary driving assembly (434);
when the rotary driver (4213) drives the clamping driver to rotate, so that the clamping ears (4542) are lifted, the annular product (45) drives the annular product (45) to move relative to the film tearing clamping jaws (4214) through the driving assembly and the rotary driving assembly (434), so that the area of the lifted section is increased, and the area of the attaching section is correspondingly reduced.
7. The tear film assembly integrated line of claim 3, wherein said product positioning assembly (32) is periodically reciprocally translated between said product loading station (35), tray recovery station (36) and transfer station (37) driven by said horizontal drive assembly (34).
8. A tear film assembly integrated line as claimed in claim 3, wherein said gripping assembly (43) is reciprocally slidable along said carrying beam (47) driven by said traverse drive (44), said carrying beam (47) is reciprocally slidable between said tray recovery station (36) and said relay conveyor mechanism (48) driven by said carrying drive (41), so that said gripping assembly (43) carries a single product to said product tear film mechanism (42) each time said product is gripped at said product transfer station (37), and said gripping assembly (43) carries said product (45) to said relay conveyor mechanism (48) again after the film on said product (45) is torn.
9. The tear film assembly integrated line of claim 8, wherein the relay transport mechanism (48) comprises:
the relay base (481) is provided with a matching slide rail (482) which extends along the extension direction of the rack (38), one end of the relay base (481) is abutted to the product feeding device (3), and the other end of the relay base is abutted to the product caching jig (15);
a bearing base (484) which is slidably matched with the matching slide rail (482); and
a relay driver drivingly connected to the susceptor 484;
the relay base (481) is further provided with a sliding guide rod (483), the extending direction of the sliding guide rod (483) is consistent with the extending direction of the matching slide rail (482), and the bearing seat (484) is sleeved on the sliding guide rod (483); and a product positioning jig (485) is arranged on the bearing seat (484).
10. Tear film assembly integrated line according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said assembly robot (5) comprises:
a fixed base (51);
a connecting arm (52) fixedly mounted on the fixed base (51); and
at least one driving arm (53) which is connected in turn in a rotating manner;
wherein, first transmission arm (53) with link arm (52) rotate to be connected, install on last transmission arm (53) assemble absorb subassembly (54) and visual identification subassembly (55).
11. Tear film assembly integrated line according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said carrier feeding device (1) comprises:
the device comprises a conveyor belt (11), wherein a feeding station (111), a positioning station (112) and an NG station (113) are sequentially arranged on the conveyor belt (11) along the conveying direction of the conveyor belt, and a plurality of carriers (69) are periodically conveyed by the conveyor belt (11); and
the feeding mechanism (12) is erected right above the conveyor belt (11) and is positioned at the feeding station (111);
a positioning mechanism (14) provided at the positioning station (112);
and an NG recovery mechanism (64) which is arranged at the NG station (113).
12. The tear film assembly integrated line of claim 11,
the NG recovery mechanism (64) includes:
a recovery rack (643) mounted on the conveyor belt (11);
the collecting bearing platform (641) is connected with the recovery rack (643) in a sliding mode, and a material guide opening (6413) penetrating through the collecting bearing platform (641) is formed in the collecting bearing platform (641);
at least three backstop assemblies (6411) arranged non-collinearly inside the edges of the material guide port (6413); and
a jacking assembly (68) located directly below the material guide opening (6413);
the carrier (69) is jacked into the material guide opening (6413) along the direction from bottom to top under the jacking driving of the jacking assembly (68), and the carrier (69) is supported by the non-return assembly (6411) after being jacked into the material guide opening (6413).
13. The tear film assembly integrated line of claim 12, wherein the backstop assembly (6411) comprises:
a connecting seat body;
a fluke; one end of the connecting seat is pivoted with the connecting seat body, and the other end of the connecting seat is used for supporting a product; and
a reset member (6415) disposed between the connector receptacle body and the fluke;
the anchor claw comprises a material bearing surface (6411 a) and an inclined surface (6411 b) inclined relative to the material bearing surface (6411 a), under the jacking driving of the jacking assembly (68), the carrier (69) slides on the inclined surface (6411 b), the anchor claw rotates towards the inner wall side of the material guide opening (6413), the carrier (69) penetrates through the material guide opening (6413), and when the jacking assembly (68) falls back, the carrier (69) is abutted against the material bearing surface (6411 a).
CN202022204288.8U 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Tear film assembly integral type assembly line Active CN214444447U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022204288.8U CN214444447U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Tear film assembly integral type assembly line

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022204288.8U CN214444447U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Tear film assembly integral type assembly line

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214444447U true CN214444447U (en) 2021-10-22

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115057065A (en) * 2022-06-20 2022-09-16 深圳市兴禾自动化股份有限公司 Mobile phone assembling and producing equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115057065A (en) * 2022-06-20 2022-09-16 深圳市兴禾自动化股份有限公司 Mobile phone assembling and producing equipment
CN115057065B (en) * 2022-06-20 2023-08-25 深圳市兴禾自动化股份有限公司 Mobile phone assembling production equipment

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