CN214372295U - Portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device - Google Patents

Portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214372295U
CN214372295U CN202120843057.3U CN202120843057U CN214372295U CN 214372295 U CN214372295 U CN 214372295U CN 202120843057 U CN202120843057 U CN 202120843057U CN 214372295 U CN214372295 U CN 214372295U
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China
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telescopic rod
laser
detection device
iii
target
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CN202120843057.3U
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Inventor
姜春平
杨志全
刘世院
赵鹏飞
张刚永
陈辉
王建利
王刚
李明
谭航
冯琮皓
徐少东
墨学斌
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
Third Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway Seventh Group Co Ltd
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
Third Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway Seventh Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202120843057.3U priority Critical patent/CN214372295U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a portable tunnel engineering warp detection device belongs to tunnel detection technical field. The device is including detecting the car, a housing, telescopic link I, telescopic link II, telescopic link III, telescopic link IV, laser emitter I, laser emitter II, target I is accepted to laser and target II is accepted to laser, through adding the locomotive between detection device and fixing device, make it can remove, thereby reduce detection device's installation and dismantlement and improved detection efficiency.

Description

Portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a portable tunnel engineering warp detection device belongs to tunnel detection technical field.
Background
Tunnel engineering monitoring and measuring is an important component of tunnel dynamic design, and the tunnel engineering monitoring and measuring system is used in the field of tunnels such as mines, railways, roads and water conservancy, along with the construction of high-speed railways and highways in large quantities, tunnel engineering is increasing day by day, tunnels are used as concealed engineering, a lot of uncertain factors exist, tunnel monitoring can provide reliable information for the construction safety of tunnels and the stability of tunnel supporting structures, and therefore people try to adopt various monitoring methods to test the deformation of tunnels, but some existing monitoring devices are inaccurate in measurement, the structures are relatively complex, most monitoring devices adopt cables in tunnels to supply power, so that the laying of the cables is troublesome, and the cost is relatively high.
The existing measuring device has the following problems: when the device is used, when the laser is placed, the laser is directly fixed at one position, the angle of the laser cannot be changed, and further tunnels with different sizes cannot be monitored, so that different devices are required to be used for monitoring, and time and facilities are wasted; when the device is used, the tunnel deformation is monitored, errors can occur when monitoring is carried out through electronic equipment, the measurement is inaccurate, labor is wasted, and maintenance is needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a to current tunnel detection device because of the deviation appears in the location when initial position safety, detection device can't remove, needs frequent installation dismantlement, the problem of extravagant energy and financial resources provides a portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device, the utility model discloses an add the locomotive between detection device and fixing device, make it can remove to reduce detection device's installation and dismantlement and improved detection efficiency.
The utility model discloses a solve its technical problem and the technical scheme who adopts is:
a movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device comprises a detection vehicle 7, a shell 3, a telescopic rod I4, a telescopic rod II, a telescopic rod III, a telescopic rod IV5, a laser transmitter I, a laser transmitter II2, a laser receiving target I13 and a laser receiving target II, wherein the detection vehicle 7 is arranged in a tunnel 1, the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II are vertically arranged at the top end of the detection vehicle 7, the telescopic rod I4 is parallel to the telescopic rod II, the shell 3 is fixedly arranged at the top ends of the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV5 are respectively obliquely arranged at the side ends of the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II, the top end of the telescopic rod III is provided with the laser transmitter I, the top end of the telescopic rod IV5 is provided with the laser transmitter II2, two ends of the shell 3 are respectively provided with the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II, the laser transmitter I2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are positioned on the same horizontal line, the laser receiving target I13 receives laser emitted by the laser emitter I, the laser receiving target II receives laser emitted by the laser emitter II2, a PLC controller is arranged in the shell 3, and the telescopic rod I4, the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III, the telescopic rod IV5, the laser emitter I, the laser emitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are all connected with the PLC controller;
the telescopic rod III is arranged at the side end of the telescopic rod I4 through a rotating bearing I, and the telescopic rod IV5 is arranged at the side end of the telescopic rod II through a rotating bearing II 12;
an alarm lamp 9 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the shell 3, and the alarm lamp 9 is connected with the PLC;
the top ends of the telescopic rod I4, the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV5 are all provided with a sucker 6; the sucker 6 can be adsorbed on the section of the tunnel;
a sleeve I and a sleeve II14 are fixedly arranged in the shell 3, the top of the telescopic rod I4 penetrates through the sleeve I, and the top of the telescopic rod II penetrates through the sleeve II 14;
a charging port 15 is arranged at the bottom end of the shell 3, and the charging port 15 is connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller);
the top of the telescopic rod III is sleeved with a rotating platform I, the laser emitter I is arranged on the rotating platform I, the top of the telescopic rod IV5 is sleeved with a rotating platform II11, and the laser emitter II2 is arranged on the rotating platform II 11; the laser emitter I, the laser emitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are positioned on the same horizontal line by adjusting the rotating platform I and the rotating platform II11, the laser receiving target I13 can receive signals of the laser emitter I and the laser receiving target II can receive signals of the laser emitter II2 by arranging the laser receiving target I and the laser receiving target II on the same horizontal line, and the areas of light spots can be clearly shown on the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II;
furthermore, a positioning clamping groove I is formed in the top of the telescopic rod III, the rotating platform I is sleeved in the positioning clamping groove I, a positioning clamping groove II is formed in the top of the telescopic rod IV5, the rotating platform II11 is sleeved in the positioning clamping groove II, the laser emitter I is arranged on the rotating platform I through the rotating bearing III, and the laser emitter II2 is arranged on the rotating platform II11 through the rotating bearing IV 10;
two side ends of the detection vehicle 7 are respectively provided with an infrared distance meter 8, and the infrared distance meters 8 are connected with the PLC; the detection vehicle can be positioned at the center of the tunnel through the infrared distance measuring instrument.
The measuring method based on the movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device comprises the following specific steps:
(1) moving the detection vehicle to a tunnel section to be detected, and enabling the detection vehicle to be located in the center of the tunnel section according to the infrared distance meter;
(2) the height of a telescopic rod II of the telescopic rod I4 is adjusted, so that the suction cups at the top ends of the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II are adsorbed on the cross section of the tunnel; the inclination angles of the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV are adjusted through the rotating bearing I and the rotating bearing II, and the heights of the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV are adjusted, so that the suckers at the top ends of the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV are adsorbed on the cross section of the tunnel;
(3) the directions of the transmitting ends of the laser transmitter I and the laser transmitter II are adjusted through the rotating platform I and the rotating platform II, the angles of the laser transmitter I and the laser transmitter II are adjusted and adjusted through the rotating bearing III and the rotating bearing IV, the laser transmitter I, the laser transmitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are positioned on the same horizontal line,
(4) the laser receiving target I13 receives the signal of the laser emitter I, the laser receiving target II receives the signal of the laser emitter II2, and the areas of light spots can be clearly shown on the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II; when the tunnel takes place to warp, one or more in telescopic link I, telescopic link II, telescopic link III, the telescopic link IV takes place to warp, makes laser accept target I13 unable optical signal and/or the laser of receiving target II and receive laser emitter II 2's optical signal that laser emitter I's, and the PLC controller receives the change signal to control the alarm lamp and send audible and visual suggestion alarm information.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the traditional tunnel section deformation detection device needs manual installation on a section, is low in measurement frequency and complex in operation, and cannot realize real-time detection, judgment and early warning; the movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of the utility model can directly measure without installing operation on the tunnel section, thereby greatly reducing the workload;
(2) when the tunnel detection device is installed manually, the center point of the tunnel cannot be found accurately, part of the tunnel is limited by space, and the operation space at the top is small and cannot be installed; the utility model discloses a portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device need not artifical the installation, carries out top support measurement and infrared positioner through the telescopic link and fixes a position, need not artifical climbing to the section top and operate;
(3) the utility model discloses a portable tunnel engineering warp detection device can utilize the installation car to remove, need not to install laser detector in section both sides, only needs measuring personnel to promote the shallow and operate at the section that required detected can.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of a movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the housing, laser receiving target I and laser receiving target II in cooperation;
in the figure, 1-tunnel, 2-laser emitter II, 3-shell, 4-telescopic rod I, 5-telescopic rod IV, 6-sucker, 7-detection vehicle, 8-infrared distance meter, 9-alarm lamp, 10-rotating bearing IV, 11-rotating platform II, 12-rotating bearing II, 13-laser receiving target I, 14-sleeve II, 15-charging port.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following detailed description.
Example 1: as shown in figure 1, the movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device comprises a detection vehicle 7, a shell 3, a telescopic rod I4, a telescopic rod II, a telescopic rod III, a telescopic rod IV5, a laser emitter I, a laser emitter II2, a laser receiving target I13 and a laser receiving target II, wherein the detection vehicle 7 is arranged in a tunnel 1, the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II are vertically arranged at the top end of the detection vehicle 7, the telescopic rod I4 is parallel to the telescopic rod II, the shell 3 is fixedly arranged at the top ends of the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV5 are respectively obliquely arranged at the side ends of the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II, the top end of the telescopic rod III is provided with the laser emitter I, the top end of the telescopic rod IV5 is provided with the laser emitter II2, the two ends of the shell 3 are respectively provided with the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II, the laser emitter I, the laser emitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are positioned on the same horizontal line, the laser receiving target I13 receives laser emitted by the laser emitter I, the laser receiving target II receives laser emitted by the laser emitter II2, a PLC controller is arranged in the shell 3, and the telescopic rod I4, the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III, the telescopic rod IV5, the laser emitter I, the laser emitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are all connected with the PLC controller;
the movable trolley is added between the detection device and the fixing device and can move, so that the installation and the disassembly of the detection device are reduced, and the detection efficiency is improved.
Example 2: the mobile tunneling deformation detection apparatus of the present embodiment is substantially the same as the mobile tunneling deformation detection apparatus of embodiment 1, except that: the telescopic rod III is arranged at the side end of the telescopic rod I4 through a rotating bearing I, and the telescopic rod IV5 is arranged at the side end of the telescopic rod II through a rotating bearing II 12;
an alarm lamp 9 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the shell 3, and the alarm lamp 9 is connected with the PLC;
the top ends of the telescopic rod I4, the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV5 are all provided with a sucker 6; the sucker 6 can be adsorbed on the section of the tunnel;
as shown in fig. 2, a cannula I and a cannula II14 are fixedly arranged in the housing 3, the top of the telescopic rod I4 passes through the cannula I, and the top of the telescopic rod II passes through the cannula II 14;
a charging port 15 is arranged at the bottom end of the shell 3, and the charging port 15 is connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller);
the top of the telescopic rod III is sleeved with a rotating platform I, the laser emitter I is arranged on the rotating platform I, the top of the telescopic rod IV5 is sleeved with a rotating platform II11, and the laser emitter II2 is arranged on the rotating platform II 11; the laser emitter I, the laser emitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are positioned on the same horizontal line by adjusting the rotating platform I and the rotating platform II11, the laser receiving target I13 can receive signals of the laser emitter I and the laser receiving target II can receive signals of the laser emitter II2 by arranging the laser receiving target I and the laser receiving target II on the same horizontal line, and the areas of light spots can be clearly shown on the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II;
the top of the telescopic rod III is provided with a positioning clamping groove I, the rotating platform I is sleeved in the positioning clamping groove I, the top of the telescopic rod IV5 is provided with a positioning clamping groove II, the rotating platform II11 is sleeved in the positioning clamping groove II, the laser emitter I is arranged on the rotating platform I through the rotating bearing III, and the laser emitter II2 is arranged on the rotating platform II11 through the rotating bearing IV 10;
two side ends of the detection vehicle 7 are respectively provided with an infrared distance meter 8, and the infrared distance meters 8 are connected with the PLC; the detection vehicle can be positioned in the center of the tunnel through the infrared distance meter;
the measuring method based on the movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device comprises the following specific steps:
(1) moving the detection vehicle to a tunnel section to be detected, and enabling the detection vehicle to be located in the center of the tunnel section according to the infrared distance meter;
(2) the height of a telescopic rod II of the telescopic rod I4 is adjusted, so that the suction cups at the top ends of the telescopic rod I4 and the telescopic rod II are adsorbed on the cross section of the tunnel; the inclination angles of the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV are adjusted through the rotating bearing I and the rotating bearing II, and the heights of the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV are adjusted, so that the suckers at the top ends of the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV are adsorbed on the cross section of the tunnel;
(3) the directions of the transmitting ends of the laser transmitter I and the laser transmitter II are adjusted through the rotating platform I and the rotating platform II, the angles of the laser transmitter I and the laser transmitter II are adjusted and adjusted through the rotating bearing III and the rotating bearing IV, the laser transmitter I, the laser transmitter II2, the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II are positioned on the same horizontal line,
(4) the laser receiving target I13 receives the signal of the laser emitter I, the laser receiving target II receives the signal of the laser emitter II2, and the areas of light spots can be clearly shown on the laser receiving target I13 and the laser receiving target II; when the tunnel takes place to warp, one or more in telescopic link I, telescopic link II, telescopic link III, the telescopic link IV takes place to warp, makes laser accept target I13 unable optical signal and/or the laser of receiving target II and receive laser emitter II 2's optical signal that laser emitter I's, and the PLC controller receives the change signal to control the alarm lamp and send audible and visual suggestion alarm information.
While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to the preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a portable tunnel engineering detection device that warp which characterized in that: comprises a detection vehicle (7), a shell (3), a telescopic rod I (4), a telescopic rod II, a telescopic rod III, a telescopic rod IV (5), a laser transmitter I, a laser transmitter II (2), a laser receiving target I (13) and a laser receiving target II, wherein the detection vehicle (7) is arranged in a tunnel (1), the telescopic rod I (4) and the telescopic rod II are vertically arranged at the top end of the detection vehicle (7), the telescopic rod I (4) is parallel to the telescopic rod II, the shell (3) is fixedly arranged at the top ends of the telescopic rod I (4) and the telescopic rod II, the telescopic rod III and the telescopic rod IV (5) are respectively obliquely arranged at the side ends of the telescopic rod I (4) and the telescopic rod II, the top end of the telescopic rod III is provided with the laser transmitter I, the top end of the telescopic rod IV (5) is provided with the laser transmitter II (2), the two ends of the shell (3) are respectively provided with the laser receiving target I (13) and the laser receiving target II, laser emitter I, laser emitter II (2), target I (13) and laser are accepted to laser and target II is located same water flat line, laser is accepted target I (13) and is received the laser that laser emitter I transmitted, laser is accepted the laser that target II received laser emitter II (2) transmission, be provided with the PLC controller in casing (3), telescopic link I (4), telescopic link II, telescopic link III, telescopic link IV (5), laser emitter I, laser emitter II (2), target I (13) and laser are accepted to laser and target II all is connected with the PLC controller.
2. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 1, wherein: the telescopic rod III is arranged at the side end of the telescopic rod I (4) through the rotating bearing I, and the telescopic rod IV (5) is arranged at the side end of the telescopic rod II through the rotating bearing II (12).
3. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 1, wherein: the bottom end of the shell (3) is fixedly provided with an alarm lamp (9), and the alarm lamp (9) is connected with the PLC.
4. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 1, wherein: the top ends of the telescopic rods I (4), II, III and IV (5) are all provided with suckers (6).
5. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 1, wherein: casing I and sleeve pipe II (14) are provided with to casing (3) internal fixation, and sleeve pipe I is passed at the top of telescopic link I (4), and sleeve pipe II (14) are passed at the top of telescopic link II.
6. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 4, wherein: the bottom end of the shell (3) is provided with a charging port (15), and the charging port (15) is connected with the PLC.
7. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 1, wherein: the top cover of telescopic link III is equipped with and rotates platform I, and laser emitter I sets up on rotating platform I, and the top cover of telescopic link IV (5) is established and is provided with and rotates platform II (11), and laser emitter II (2) set up on rotating platform II (11).
8. The movable tunneling deformation detection apparatus according to claim 7, wherein: the top of telescopic link III is provided with positioning groove I, and rotation platform I cover is established in positioning groove I, and the top of telescopic link IV (5) is provided with positioning groove II, and rotation platform II (11) cover is established in positioning groove II, and laser emitter I passes through rolling bearing III and sets up on rotation platform I, and laser emitter II (2) pass through rolling bearing IV (10) and set up on rotation platform II (11).
9. The movable tunnel engineering deformation detection device of claim 1, wherein: the two side ends of the detection vehicle (7) are provided with infrared distance meters (8), and the infrared distance meters (8) are connected with the PLC.
CN202120843057.3U 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device Active CN214372295U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120843057.3U CN214372295U (en) 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120843057.3U CN214372295U (en) 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Portable tunnel engineering deformation detection device

Publications (1)

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CN214372295U true CN214372295U (en) 2021-10-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116045836A (en) * 2023-04-03 2023-05-02 成都太科光电技术有限责任公司 Phi 1200mm extremely large caliber plane optical interference testing device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116045836A (en) * 2023-04-03 2023-05-02 成都太科光电技术有限责任公司 Phi 1200mm extremely large caliber plane optical interference testing device
CN116045836B (en) * 2023-04-03 2023-06-02 成都太科光电技术有限责任公司 Phi 1200mm extremely large caliber plane optical interference testing device

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