CN213950488U - Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle - Google Patents

Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213950488U
CN213950488U CN202022869791.5U CN202022869791U CN213950488U CN 213950488 U CN213950488 U CN 213950488U CN 202022869791 U CN202022869791 U CN 202022869791U CN 213950488 U CN213950488 U CN 213950488U
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China
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fork
frame
lifting
oil cylinder
wheel
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CN202022869791.5U
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金亚东
郑博
吴茂念
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Dongkai Forklift Changzhou Co ltd
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Dongkai Forklift Changzhou Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a robot for loading and unloading goods along with a vehicle, which comprises a frame base, a fork lifting frame mechanism, a hydraulic driving mechanism, a bearing driving wheel loading and unloading mechanism, an electronic scale mechanism, a fork angle adjusting mechanism, a fork foot locking mechanism, a fork foot rack mechanism, a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, a bidirectional oil cylinder, a lifting piston rod, a forging fork, an ascending chain wheel and a descending chain wheel, and overcomes the defect of single function of the existing small-sized forklift, wherein the electronic scale mechanism is arranged at the lower side of the fork lifting frame mechanism, the four weighing modules are arranged at two sides of a bottom plate of a scale body, and particularly, under the condition that the robot forges the fork to rise to move a conveyed object into a carriage, the frame base is contracted into the carriage by using the fork lifting frame mechanism, the hydraulic driving mechanism and the descending chain wheel, the conveyed object can be placed at a proper position and taken away along with the vehicle by the robot for loading and unloading goods along with the vehicle, the unloading device is used during unloading, so that goods can be loaded and unloaded more conveniently, and the safety factor is greatly improved.

Description

Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle
Technical Field
The utility model relates to fork truck technical field especially relates to a robot of vehicle-mounted loading and unloading goods.
Background
At present, in the field of forklifts, the forklifts are used for carrying some goods with large volume and large weight, when the forklifts carry the goods, the goods need to be weighed firstly and then carried, or the goods are carried to a designated position and then the goods are weighed, so that the process is complicated, the working efficiency is influenced, and the internal parts of the existing forklifts are too complex, so that the forklifts generally have large volume, and therefore the forklifts cannot be driven into an elevator, and in construction sites such as factory buildings, the goods need to be carried between different floors, and the goods need to be loaded and unloaded on the forklifts; with the rapid development of the industry, the demand of the forklift is more and more, and meanwhile, the performance requirement of the forklift is gradually improved.
In the forklift currently used, although the most basic operation requirements of the forklift, such as horizontal transportation, stacking/picking, loading/unloading, picking and the like, can be well achieved, most of them are equipped only in part of enterprise units and cannot be used as onboard accompanying equipment at any time.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the utility model is to provide a robot of vehicle-mounted loading and unloading goods overcomes the problem that the single unable completion of driver of the goods loading and unloading of big article can not be carried on the vehicle, the commodity circulation transportation door-to-door delivery goods receiving driver in the middle-size and small-size fork truck of background art field.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model discloses a technical scheme is: comprises a frame base, a universal rear wheel frame, a door-shaped frame seat sleeve, a control handle, an outer door frame, a turnover bearing block, a door frame guide wheel I, an upper stop bearing, a turnover device, a turnover electric push rod, an inner door frame, a door frame guide wheel II, a bidirectional oil cylinder, a lifting piston rod, an upper lifting chain wheel, a lower lifting chain wheel, a roof switch box, a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, a storage battery pack, a fork lifting frame mechanism, a connecting frame, a forging fork, a fork lower cushion block, a middle electric control box, an electronic scale mechanism, an electronic scale display, a scale body bottom plate, a weighing module, a fork angle adjusting mechanism, a front thin oil cylinder, a rear thin oil cylinder, a fork rack mechanism, a movable fork foot, a fork straight rack, a transmission gear, a fork foot telescopic motor gearbox, a support roller wheel, a fork foot bearing wheel, a bottom electric control box, an auxiliary storage battery, a fork foot locking mechanism, a fork foot locking plate, a fork foot electric push rod, a hydraulic driving mechanism, The device comprises a small hydraulic power unit, a multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, an electromagnetic valve, a bearing driving wheel up-down mechanism, an up-down thin oil cylinder, a hydraulic rotary motor, a bearing driving wheel and a laser distance measuring module; one end of the frame base is provided with the outer door frame and the inner door frame; the rear end of the frame base is provided with the universal rear wheel carrier and a control handle, the control handle is arranged at the lower end of the frame base, one end of the control handle is rotationally connected with the lower end of the frame base; the lower end of the frame base is provided with a door-shaped frame seat sleeve, a fork foot rack mechanism and a fork foot locking mechanism are arranged in the door-shaped frame seat sleeve; the inner side of the outer door frame is provided with the inner door frame in a sliding way, a group of door frame guide wheels are respectively arranged on the outer side of the inner door frame and the inner side of the outer door frame to form a sliding pair, the top end of the outer gantry is provided with an upper stop bearing; two portal guide wheels which are a group are respectively arranged on the side surfaces of the two sides of the inner portal which are supported by the rollers, the other right-angle surface of each portal guide wheel is arranged behind the connecting frame, and the two portal guide wheels form a sliding pair with the inner side groove surface of the inner portal and the connecting frame of the fork lifting mechanism; the roof switch box is arranged at the top end of the inner door frame, and the bidirectional oil pressure power unit and the storage battery pack are arranged in the roof switch box; the inner gantry is provided with the bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism, and the bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism is connected with the fork lifting frame mechanism and the hydraulic driving mechanism; a laser ranging module is arranged on one side of the lower end of the connecting frame; the electronic scale mechanism is arranged on the lower side of the fork lifting frame mechanism, the four weighing modules are arranged on two sides of a scale body bottom plate, the electronic scale mechanism is provided with an electronic scale display, the electronic scale display is arranged on one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism, two sides of the outer portal frame are provided with overturning devices, and the bearing blocks are overturned through an overturning electric push rod; and the electronic scale mechanism is respectively and electrically connected with the scale body bottom plate, the electronic scale display, the turnover device and the middle electric cabinet, and the middle electric cabinet is electrically connected with the storage battery in the roof switch box through a spring wire.
The lifting mechanism comprises a frame base, an inverted bidirectional oil cylinder, a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, an inverted bidirectional oil cylinder, an inverted bidirectional oil pressure power unit, an inverted bidirectional oil cylinder, a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, an inverted bidirectional oil pressure unit and a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, wherein one end of the inverted bidirectional oil cylinder is connected with the inverted bidirectional oil cylinder; the descending chain wheel is arranged at the lower end of the inner gantry, one end of the descending chain wheel is connected to the connecting frame of the fork lifting frame mechanism, the other end of the descending chain wheel is connected to the upper fixing plate at the top end of the outer gantry after bypassing the descending chain wheel, and when a lifting piston rod of the bidirectional oil cylinder stretches, the descending chain wheel and the chain drive the fork lifting frame mechanism and two forged forks on the fork lifting frame mechanism to move downwards in a translation mode.
The pallet fork lifting frame mechanism comprises two forging pallet forks and a connecting frame, the connecting frame is connected with the inner portal frame in a sliding mode through a portal frame guide wheel II, the connecting frame is provided with a bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism, a hydraulic driving mechanism, a pallet fork angle adjusting mechanism, the two forging pallet forks are arranged on the connecting frame, the two forging pallet forks are positioned on the connecting frame, the relative positions of the two forging pallet forks can be adjusted and locked, the outer surfaces of the forging pallet forks are provided with pallet fork lower cushion blocks, the electronic scale mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the connecting frame, the pallet fork angle adjusting mechanism is arranged on the rear side of the forging pallet forks, the inclination of the forging pallet forks is adjusted through the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve blocks, the electromagnetic valve and the front and rear thin oil cylinders, and the pallet fork lifting frame mechanism further comprises a bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism, the upper and lower mechanisms of the bearing driving wheels control the hydraulic driving mechanisms to move up and down through a small hydraulic power unit, a multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, an electromagnetic valve and an upper and lower thin oil cylinder, the hydraulic driving mechanisms control the left and right bearing driving wheels to roll forwards or backwards through the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, the electromagnetic valve and a hydraulic rotary motor, and the laser ranging module can limit the bearing driving wheels to roll backwards; the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, the electromagnetic valve, the front thin oil cylinder, the rear thin oil cylinder, the upper thin oil cylinder and the lower thin oil cylinder are connected with an oil path of the hydraulic rotary motor and are controlled by the electromagnetic valve; the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block and the electromagnetic valve are arranged on one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism and are electrically connected with the middle electric cabinet, and the middle electric cabinet is electrically connected with the storage battery pack in the car roof switch box.
The frame base lower extreme is equipped with two sets of fork foot rack mechanism, including activity fork foot, fork foot spur rack, drive gear, the flexible motor gearbox of fork foot, support running roller and fork foot bearing wheel, fork foot rack mechanism still includes fork foot locking mechanical system, including fork foot snap close board, locking fork foot electric putter, wherein, the flexible motor gearbox of fork foot and locking fork foot electric putter with the interior supplementary battery electricity of bottom automatically controlled box is connected.
The roof switch box comprises a control main board, an electric quantity display screen, a processor, a control button module and a wireless receiving module, wherein the fork lifting frame mechanism, the electric quantity display screen, the electronic scale display, the control button module, the hydraulic cylinder, the bidirectional oil pressure power unit, the fork foot rack mechanism, the scale body bottom plate and the driving mechanism are respectively electrically connected with the processor, and operation actions are completed through remote controller operation control.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1) the forklift truck has the advantages that the forklift truck can realize the vertical up-and-down conveying function of the existing forklift truck, overcomes the defect of single function of the existing small forklift truck, and particularly emphasizes that after the forklift truck lifts a conveyed object for loading, the whole forklift truck can be contracted to the height of a carriage by the aid of the fork lifting frame mechanism, the hydraulic driving mechanism, the two-way oil cylinder and the descending chain wheel, and enters the carriage and conveys the goods in the carriage; the weighing device has the advantages that the weighing device is provided with the scale body bottom plate on the fork lifting frame mechanism, so that goods are weighed in the process of carrying the goods, the operation steps of firstly weighing and then carrying the goods or firstly carrying and then weighing the goods are omitted, and the working efficiency is improved; 2) the vehicle-mounted logistics vehicle has the advantages of simplicity in manufacturing, stability in operation, flexibility in control, economy, reasonability, high practicability, safety, reliability and the like, and is suitable for being carried by various logistics vehicles on vehicles.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front and side view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 to 7 are schematic structural views of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the fork tilting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the fork rack mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the fork leg locking mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 12 to 13 are schematic views illustrating the operation of the entering carriage of the present invention.
Fig. 14 to 15 are schematic views illustrating the operation of the exiting carriage according to the present invention.
Fig. 16 to 19 are schematic views of the weighing process of the present invention.
In the drawing, 1 part of a frame base, 1-1 part of a universal rear wheel frame, 1-2 parts of a door-shaped frame seat sleeve, 1-3 parts of a control handle, 2 parts of an outer portal, 2-1 parts of a turnover bearing block, 2-2 parts of a portal guide wheel I, 2-3 parts of an upper stop bearing, 2-4 parts of a turnover device, 2-5 parts of a turnover electric push rod, 3 parts of an inner portal, 3-1 parts of a portal guide wheel II, 3-2 parts of a bidirectional oil cylinder, 3-3 parts of a lifting piston rod, 3-4 parts of an upper lifting chain wheel, 3-5 parts of a descending chain wheel, 3-6 parts of a roof switch box, 3-7 parts of a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, 3-8 parts of a storage battery, 4 parts of a fork lifting frame mechanism, 4-1 part of a connecting frame, 4-2 parts of a forging fork, 4-3 parts of a fork lower cushion block, 4-4 parts of a fork lower cushion block, 2 parts of a control handle, 2 parts of an outer portal, an outer portal guide wheel frame, 2 parts of an inner portal guide wheel, a bidirectional oil cylinder, 3 parts of a bidirectional oil cylinder, a lifting piston rod, a lifting cylinder, a, The device comprises a middle electric cabinet, 5, an electronic scale mechanism, 5-1, an electronic scale display, 5-2, a scale body bottom plate, 5-3, a weighing module, 6, a fork angle adjusting mechanism, 6-1, front and rear thin oil cylinders, 7, a fork foot rack mechanism, 7-1, a movable fork foot, 7-2, a fork foot straight rack, 7-3, a transmission gear, 7-4, a fork foot telescopic motor gearbox, 7-5, a support roller, 7-6, a fork foot bearing wheel, 7-7, a bottom electric control box, 7-8, an auxiliary storage battery, 8, a fork foot locking mechanism, 8-1, a fork foot locking plate, 8-2, a locking fork foot electric push rod, 9, a hydraulic driving mechanism, 9-1, a bearing driving wheel upper and lower mechanism, 9-2, an upper and lower thin oil cylinder, 9-3, The device comprises a hydraulic rotary motor box, 9-4 parts, a bearing driving wheel, 9-5 parts, a laser ranging module, 9-6 parts, a small hydraulic power unit, 9-10 parts of a multi-way hydraulic regulating valve block and 9-11 parts of an electromagnetic valve.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
The utility model comprises that one end of the frame base 1 is provided with the outer door frame 2 and the inner door frame 3; the universal rear wheel carrier 1-1 and the control handle 1-3 are arranged at the rear end of the frame base 1, the control handle 1-3 is arranged at the lower end of the frame base 1, one end of the control handle 1-3 is rotationally connected with the lower end of the frame base 1, the lower end of the frame base 1 is provided with a door-shaped frame seat sleeve 1-2, a fork foot rack mechanism 7 comprising a movable fork foot 7-1 is arranged in the door-shaped frame seat sleeve 1-2, two side surfaces of the door-shaped frame seat sleeve 1-2 are provided with square slotted holes, two side surfaces of the rear end of the movable fork foot 7-1 are also provided with square slotted holes and are aligned with the square slotted holes at the two side surfaces of the door-shaped frame seat sleeve 1-2, two fork foot locking plates 8-1 of the fork foot locking mechanism 8 are under the action of a locking fork foot electric push rod 8-2, the locking fork leg locking plate 8-1 is driven to exit from the square slotted holes at the left and right ends when the locking fork leg electric push rod 8-2 retracts, and the locking connection is released; the inner side of the outer portal 2 is provided with the inner portal 3 in a sliding way, a group of portal guide wheels I2-2 are respectively arranged on the outer side of the inner portal 3 and the inner side of the outer portal 2 to form a sliding pair, the top end of the outer gantry 2 is provided with an upper stop bearing 2-3; two portal guide wheels II 3-1 which are a group are respectively arranged on the side surfaces of the two sides of the inner portal 3 supported by respective rollers, the other right-angle surface of each portal guide wheel II 3-1 is arranged behind the connecting frame 4-1, and the two groups of portal guide wheels II 3-1 respectively form sliding pairs with the inner side groove surface of the inner portal 3 and the connecting frame 4-1 of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4; the roof switch box 3-6 is arranged at the top end of the inner door frame 3, and the bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7 and the storage battery pack 3-8 are arranged in the roof switch box 3-6; the inner gantry 3 is provided with the bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism 9-1, and the bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism 9-1 is connected with the fork lifting frame mechanism 4 and the hydraulic driving mechanism 9; a laser ranging module 9-5 is arranged on one side of the lower end of the connecting frame 4-1; the electronic scale mechanism 5 is arranged on the lower side of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, four weighing modules 5-3 are arranged on two sides of a scale body bottom plate 5-2, the electronic scale mechanism 5 is provided with an electronic scale display 5-1, the electronic scale display 5-1 is arranged on one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, two sides of the outer gantry 2 are provided with overturning devices 2-4, and the bearing blocks 2-1 are overturned and overturned through overturning electric push rods 2-5; the electronic scale mechanism 5 is respectively and electrically connected with the scale body bottom plate 5-2, the electronic scale display 5-1, the turnover device 2-4 and the middle electric cabinet 4-4, and the middle electric cabinet 4-4 is electrically connected with the storage battery 3-8 in the roof switch box 3-6.
As shown in fig. 1 to 11, the lifting piston rod 3-3 is arranged at one end of the frame base 1, the two-way cylinder 3-2 and the lifting piston rod 3-3 are positioned at the inner side of the outer portal 2, one end of the lifting piston rod 3-3 is connected with the two-way cylinder 3-2, the other end of the two-way cylinder 3-2 is connected with the inner portal 3, the two-way cylinder 3-2 is connected with the oil passage of the two-way oil pressure power unit 3-7 in the roof switch box 3-6, one end of the lifting chain wheel 3-4 is connected with the connecting frame 4-1 of the fork lifting mechanism 4, after bypassing the upper push chain wheel, the other end is connected with the side surface of the lower fixed plate of the outer portal 2, when the lifting piston rod 3-3 of the two-way cylinder 3-2 is extended, the fork lifting mechanism 4 and the forged two forks 4 thereon are driven by the lifting chain wheel 3-4 2, translating upwards; the lower pressing chain wheel is arranged at the lower end of the inner gantry 3, one end of a descending chain wheel 3-5 is connected to a connecting frame 4-1 of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, the other end of the descending chain wheel is connected to an upper fixing plate at the top end of the outer gantry 2 after bypassing the lower pressing chain wheel, and when a lifting piston rod 3-3 of the bidirectional oil cylinder 3-2 stretches, the descending chain wheel 3-5 drives the fork lifting frame mechanism 4 and two forging forks 4-2 on the fork lifting frame mechanism to move downwards in a translation mode.
As shown in fig. 1 to 11, the fork lifting frame mechanism 4 comprises two forging forks 4-2 and a connecting frame 4-1, the connecting frame 4-1 is slidably connected with the inner mast 3 through a mast guide wheel two 3-1, the connecting frame 4-1 is provided with the upper and lower mechanisms 9-1 of the load-bearing driving wheel, the hydraulic driving mechanism 9 and the fork angle adjusting mechanism 6, the two forging forks 4-2 are arranged on the connecting frame 4-1, the two forging forks 4-2 are positioned on the connecting frame 4-1 to be adjusted and locked in relative positions, the outer surface of the forging fork 4-2 is provided with a fork lower cushion block 4-3 for heightening the distance between the cargo pallet and the ground so as to facilitate the insertion of a movable fork foot 7-1, the electronic scale mechanism 5 is arranged at the lower end of the connecting frame 4-1, the fork angle adjusting mechanism 6 is arranged at the rear side of the forging fork 4-2, the inclination of the forging fork 4-2 can be adjusted through the front thin oil cylinder 6-1 and the rear thin oil cylinder 6-1, the fork lifting frame mechanism 4 further comprises a load-bearing driving wheel upper and lower mechanism 9-1, the load-bearing driving wheel upper and lower mechanism 9-1 enables the hydraulic driving mechanism 9 to move up and down under the control of the upper thin oil cylinder 9-2, the upper stop point enables the load-bearing driving wheel 9-4 to be separated from the ground, the lower stop point enables the load-bearing driving wheel 9-4 to be pressed against the ground, the small hydraulic power unit 9-6, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block 9-10 and the electromagnetic valve 9-11 of the hydraulic driving mechanism 9 control the left and right load-bearing driving wheels 9-4 to roll forwards or backwards through the hydraulic rotating motor box 9-3, and the laser ranging module 9-5 can limit the load-bearing driving wheel 9-4 to roll backwards (ii) a The upper thin oil cylinder 9-2 and the lower thin oil cylinder 9-3 and the hydraulic rotating motor box 9-3 are arranged on one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, are connected with the small hydraulic power unit 9-6, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block 9-10 and the electromagnetic valve 9-11 through oil passages and are electrically connected with the middle electric control box 4-4, and the middle electric control box 4-4 is electrically connected with the storage battery pack 3-8 in the car roof switch box 3-6.
As shown in figures 1 to 11, the lower end of the frame base 1 is provided with two groups of fork foot rack mechanisms 7 which comprise movable fork feet 7-1, fork foot straight racks 7-2, transmission gears 7-3, fork foot telescopic motor gear boxes 7-4, support roller wheels 7-5 and fork foot bearing wheels 7-6, the movable fork foot 7-1 telescopic mechanisms 7 further comprise fork foot locking mechanisms 8 which comprise fork foot locking plates 8-1 and locking fork foot electric push rods 8-2, the fork foot locking plates 8-1 are driven to exit from square slotted holes at the left end and the right end when the locking fork foot electric push rods 8-2 retract, after the locking connection is released, the movable fork feet 7-1 are driven to extend forwards or backwards inside the door-shaped frame sleeve 1-2 through the transmission gears 7-3 and the fork foot straight racks 7-2 under the action of the fork foot telescopic motor gear boxes 7-4, the fork foot telescopic motor gearbox 7-4 and the locking fork foot electric push rod 8-2 are electrically connected with an auxiliary storage battery 7-8 in the bottom electric control box 7-7.
As shown in fig. 1 to 11, the roof switch box 3-6 includes a control main board, an electric quantity display screen, a processor, a control button module and a wireless receiving module, wherein the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, the electric quantity display screen, the electronic scale display 5-1, the control button module, the hydraulic control solenoid valve, the two-way oil pressure power unit 3-7, the movable fork foot 7-1 telescopic mechanism 7, the scale body bottom plate 5-2 and the driving mechanism are respectively electrically connected with the processor, and the operation action is completed through remote controller operation control.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: the storage battery pack 3-8 supplies power to the bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7, the bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7 supplies power to the bidirectional oil cylinder 3-2, the lifting piston rod 3-3 retracts, the pallet fork lifting frame mechanism 4 comprising two forging pallet forks 4-2 is translated downwards to be close to the ground through the descending chain wheel 3-5, the pallet truck is pushed by the truck self-loading forklift to enable the two forging pallet forks 4-2 to extend to the bottom of the pallet of the transported object, and the lifting piston rod 3-3 of the bidirectional oil cylinder 3-2 extends to support the transported object from the ground to move; when the pallet arrives at the place, the two forging forks 4-2 move forwards and then move downwards, and then the conveyed object and the pallet can be placed on the ground; the width of the forging fork 4-2 can be adjusted and positioned when the forging fork is used, the space above the movable fork foot 7-1 is avoided, the space is arranged between or outside the two movable fork feet 7-1, the fork angle adjusting mechanism 6 is operated, the forging fork 4-2 is enabled to be tilted upwards or laid flat through the front thin oil cylinder 6-1 and the rear thin oil cylinder 6-1, when the pallet is loaded, the conveyed object and the pallet can be lifted to a certain height, then the conveyed object and the pallet are lifted and conveyed to the upper surface of a wagon compartment (as shown in figures 12 to 13), and the fork is driven to lift through the chain by the extension and contraction of the lifting piston rod 3-3 of the bidirectional oil cylinder 3-2, so that the conveyed object is lifted or laid down. When the widths of the objects to be conveyed are different, the forks can be horizontally moved to the proper width on the fork sliding plate 10 through manual adjustment, and then the objects to be conveyed are lifted; when loading, two forged forks 4-2 and a fork lower cushion block 4-3 are pressed on a carriage bottom plate, the integral lifting movement of the truck-mounted self-loading and unloading forklift can be realized through a descending chain wheel 3-5, a fork lifting frame mechanism 4 and a lower pressing chain wheel, and the truck-mounted self-loading and unloading forklift can be lifted to the upper part of a carriage; if the transported object needs to move in the carriage or the forklift needs to be carried along with the vehicle, the forklift can be directly lifted to the carriage, and then the forklift is moved and placed in a designated place in the carriage; when the truck-mounted self-loading and unloading forklift is loaded with goods or loaded independently, the fork foot locking mechanism 8 can be operated to contract the locking fork foot electric push rod 8-2 and drive the fork foot locking plate 8-1 to unlock; then operating a movable fork foot 7-1 telescopic mechanism 7, enabling the movable fork foot 7-1 to retract through a fork foot telescopic motor gearbox 7-4 through a transmission gear 7-3 and a fork foot straight rack 7-2, hiding a fork foot bearing wheel 7-6 inside a door-shaped frame seat sleeve 1-2 until the bottom of the forklift truck loading and unloading with the truck exceeds the height of the bottom plate of the carriage, then operating the movable fork foot 7-1 telescopic mechanism 7, enabling the movable fork foot 7-1 to extend through the fork foot telescopic motor gearbox 7-4 through the transmission gear 7-3 and the fork foot straight rack 7-2, and enabling a fork foot lock catch plate 8-1 of a fork foot locking mechanism 8 to be locked again; starting a small hydraulic power unit 9-6, a multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block 9-10 and an electromagnetic valve 9-11 of a hydraulic driving mechanism 9, enabling an upper mechanism 9-1 and a lower mechanism 9-1 of a bearing driving wheel to descend through an upper thin oil cylinder 9-2 and a lower thin oil cylinder 2, driving the bearing driving wheel 9-4 to press a bottom plate of a carriage, starting the small hydraulic power unit 9-6, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block 9-10 and the electromagnetic valve 9-11, enabling a hydraulic rotary motor box 9-3 to drive the bearing driving wheel 9-4 to roll forwards at a low speed until a universal rear wheel carrier 1-1 enters the carriage forwards, and then lifting a fork lifting mechanism 4 to push the goods forwards to a specified position; when the truck-mounted self-loading forklift is unloaded along with the cargoes or is unloaded from the truck independently, the operations can be reversed (as shown in figures 14 to 15), the distance from the bottom of the frame base 1 to the bottom plate of the carriage is detected by the laser ranging module arranged on one side of the lower end of the connecting frame 4-1 to 9-5, when the distance exceeds the set range, the load-bearing driving wheel 9-4 can be limited to roll backwards at a low speed, so that the load-bearing driving wheel 9-4 can be prevented from sliding out of the bottom plate of the carriage when the truck-mounted self-loading forklift exits from the carriage, the electric control adopts programming automatic control, and remote control operation is realized by a remote controller; therefore, the method is more convenient, reliable and safer, and the personal safety of workers is greatly ensured.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation of weighing: the electronic scale mechanism 5 is arranged at the lower side of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, four weighing modules 5-3 are arranged at two sides of a scale body bottom plate 5-2, an electronic scale display 5-1 is arranged at one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism 4, two sides of an outer portal frame 2 are provided with turning devices 2-4, when the weighing function is not used, the electronic scale display 5-1 does not work, the weighing modules 5-3 do not influence the loading and unloading operation (as shown in 16-19), when the weighing is started, the electronic scale display 5-1 and the weighing modules 5-3 are electrified and initialized, the electronic scale display 5-1 is operated to be zero and peeled, the fork lifting frame mechanism 4 stops after driving the goods to rise to the set height, the load-bearing blocks 2-1 are turned over and turned to the bottom surfaces at two sides of the scale body bottom plate 5-2 by turning over the electric push rods 2-5, a pressure reducing electromagnetic valve of the bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7 is opened, the lifting piston rod 3-3 of the bidirectional oil cylinder 3-2 retracts under the action of self weight, the fork lifting frame mechanism 4 and goods slowly descend, the bottoms on two sides of the base plate 5-2 of the scale body are pressed on the overturning bearing block 2-1 in a contact mode, weighing operation is achieved, after the weighing operation is completed, the electronic scale display 5-1 and the weighing module 5-3 are closed, the overturning electric push rod 2-5 overturns the overturning bearing block 2-1 to be in a retracting state, and the pressure reducing solenoid valve of the bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7 resets.
In the power input device, a storage battery pack 3-8 provides direct current, motors of a bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7 and a small hydraulic power unit 9-6 are direct current motors, the motor of the bidirectional oil pressure power unit 3-7, an oil tank, an oil pump and a control electromagnetic valve need to be matched with each other and are arranged in a roof switch box 3-6 at the top end of a truck-mounted self-loading and unloading forklift, so that an oil pipe is connected with a bidirectional oil cylinder 3-2, the storage battery pack 3-8 is connected with a middle electric cabinet 4-4 through a spring wire to provide power for a fork lifting frame mechanism 4, an electronic scale mechanism 5, a fork angle adjusting mechanism 6, a hydraulic driving mechanism 9 and a laser ranging module 9-5; the bottom electric control box 7-7 is arranged at the lower tail end of the frame base 1 and comprises an auxiliary storage battery 7-8, a movable fork foot 7-1 telescopic mechanism 7, a fork foot locking mechanism 8 and an electric control component, and the structure is selected and arranged in a mode that the gravity center of the forklift moves forwards when the forklift is unloaded as much as possible, so that the counter weight can be reduced, and the whole vehicle can get on or off more lightly and flexibly.
The utility model discloses in, the leading parts such as outer portal 2, interior portal 3, frame base 1 adopt C shaped steel or square pipe more, can shorten processing cycle, reduce manufacturing cost, make whole car light and handy nimble more.
The above detailed description is provided for illustrative purposes, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications and variations of the present invention are within the spirit and scope of the following claims.

Claims (5)

1. A robot for loading and unloading goods along with a vehicle is characterized by comprising a vehicle frame base, a universal rear wheel frame, a door-shaped frame seat sleeve, a control handle, an outer door frame, a turnover bearing block, a door frame guide wheel I, an upper stop bearing, a turnover device, a turnover electric push rod, an inner door frame, a door frame guide wheel II, a bidirectional oil cylinder, a lifting piston rod, an upper lifting chain wheel, a lower lifting chain wheel, a vehicle roof switch box, a bidirectional oil pressure power unit, a storage battery pack, a fork lifting frame mechanism, a connecting frame, a forged fork, a fork lower cushion block, a middle electric control box, an electronic scale mechanism, an electronic scale display, a scale body bottom plate, a weighing module, a fork angle adjusting mechanism, a front thin oil cylinder, a rear thin oil cylinder, a fork foot rack mechanism, a movable fork foot, a fork foot straight rack, a transmission gear, a telescopic motor gearbox, a support roller wheel, a fork foot auxiliary bearing wheel, a bottom electric control box, a storage battery, a fork foot locking mechanism, The device comprises a fork foot locking plate, a locking fork foot electric push rod, a hydraulic driving mechanism, a small hydraulic power unit, a multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, an electromagnetic valve, a bearing driving wheel up-down mechanism, an up-down thin oil cylinder, a hydraulic rotary motor, a bearing driving wheel and a laser distance measuring module; one end of the frame base is provided with the outer door frame and the inner door frame; the rear end of the frame base is provided with the universal rear wheel carrier and a control handle, the control handle is arranged at the lower end of the frame base, one end of the control handle is rotationally connected with the lower end of the frame base; the lower end of the frame base is provided with a door-shaped frame seat sleeve, a fork foot rack mechanism and a fork foot locking mechanism are arranged in the door-shaped frame seat sleeve; the inner side of the outer door frame is provided with the inner door frame in a sliding way, a group of door frame guide wheels are respectively arranged on the outer side of the inner door frame and the inner side of the outer door frame to form a sliding pair, the top end of the outer gantry is provided with an upper stop bearing; two portal guide wheels which are a group are respectively arranged on the side surfaces of the two sides of the inner portal which are supported by the rollers, the other right-angle surface of each portal guide wheel is arranged behind the connecting frame, and the two portal guide wheels form a sliding pair with the inner side groove surface of the inner portal and the connecting frame of the fork lifting mechanism; the roof switch box is arranged at the top end of the inner door frame, and the bidirectional oil pressure power unit and the storage battery pack are arranged in the roof switch box; the inner gantry is provided with the bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism, and the bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism is connected with the fork lifting frame mechanism and the hydraulic driving mechanism; a laser ranging module is arranged on one side of the lower end of the connecting frame; the electronic scale mechanism is arranged on the lower side of the fork lifting frame mechanism, the four weighing modules are arranged on two sides of a scale body bottom plate, the electronic scale mechanism is provided with an electronic scale display, the electronic scale display is arranged on one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism, two sides of the outer portal frame are provided with overturning devices, and the bearing blocks are overturned through overturning electric push rods; and the electronic scale mechanism is respectively and electrically connected with the scale body bottom plate, the electronic scale display, the turnover device and the middle electric cabinet, and the middle electric cabinet is electrically connected with the storage battery in the roof switch box through a spring wire.
2. The vehicle-mounted cargo handling robot of claim 1, further comprising an inverted bi-directional cylinder and a lift piston rod, said lift piston rod being disposed at one end of said frame base, the inverted bidirectional oil cylinder and the lifting piston rod are positioned on the inner side of the outer gantry, one end of the lifting piston rod is connected with the bidirectional oil cylinder, the other end of the bidirectional oil cylinder is connected with the inner gantry, and the bidirectional oil cylinder is connected with an oil way of a bidirectional oil pressure power unit in the roof switch box; one end of the lifting chain is connected with the connecting frame of the fork lifting frame mechanism and bypasses the lifting chain wheel, the other end is connected with the side surface of the lower fixed plate of the outer gantry, when a lifting piston rod of the bidirectional oil cylinder stretches, the pallet fork lifting frame mechanism and two forging pallet forks on the pallet fork lifting frame mechanism are driven to move upwards in a translation mode through an uplifting chain wheel and a chain; the descending chain wheel is arranged at the lower end of the inner gantry, one end of the descending chain wheel is connected to the connecting frame of the fork lifting frame mechanism, the other end of the descending chain wheel is connected to the upper fixing plate at the top end of the outer gantry after bypassing the descending chain wheel, and when a lifting piston rod of the bidirectional oil cylinder stretches, the descending chain wheel and the chain drive the fork lifting frame mechanism and two forged forks on the fork lifting frame mechanism to move downwards in a translation mode.
3. A robot as claimed in claim 1, wherein said fork lift mechanism comprises two forged forks and a connecting frame, said connecting frame is slidably connected to said inner mast via mast guide wheels, said connecting frame is provided with said load-bearing driving wheel up-and-down mechanism, said hydraulic driving mechanism, fork angle adjusting mechanism, said two forged forks are mounted on said connecting frame, said two forged forks are positioned on said connecting frame to be able to adjust relative positions and locked, said forged forks are externally provided with fork down-cushion blocks, said electronic scale mechanism is mounted at the lower end of said connecting frame, said fork angle adjusting mechanism is mounted at the rear side of said forged forks, the inclination of said forged forks is adjusted by said small hydraulic power unit, multi-path hydraulic control valve blocks, solenoid valves, front and rear thin cylinders, said fork lift mechanism further comprises driving wheel up-and-down mechanism, the upper and lower mechanisms of the bearing driving wheels control the hydraulic driving mechanisms to move up and down through a small hydraulic power unit, a multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, an electromagnetic valve and an upper and lower thin oil cylinder, the hydraulic driving mechanisms control the left and right bearing driving wheels to roll forwards or backwards through the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, the electromagnetic valve and a hydraulic rotary motor, and the laser ranging module can limit the bearing driving wheels to roll backwards; the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block, the electromagnetic valve, the front thin oil cylinder, the rear thin oil cylinder, the upper thin oil cylinder and the lower thin oil cylinder are connected with an oil path of the hydraulic rotary motor and are controlled by the electromagnetic valve; the small hydraulic power unit, the multi-path hydraulic regulating valve block and the electromagnetic valve are arranged on one side of the fork lifting frame mechanism and are electrically connected with the middle electric cabinet, and the middle electric cabinet is electrically connected with the storage battery pack in the car roof switch box.
4. The robot for loading and unloading goods with the vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower end of the frame base is provided with two sets of fork foot rack mechanisms, which comprise a movable fork foot, a fork foot spur rack, a transmission gear, a fork foot telescopic motor gearbox, a bracket roller and a fork foot bearing wheel, and the fork foot rack mechanism further comprises a fork foot locking mechanism, which comprises a fork foot locking plate and a locking fork foot electric push rod, wherein the fork foot telescopic motor gearbox and the locking fork foot electric push rod are electrically connected with the auxiliary storage battery in the bottom electric control box.
5. The robot for loading and unloading cargos on the vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein the roof switch box comprises a control main board, a power display screen, a processor, a control button module and a wireless receiving module, wherein the fork lifting frame mechanism, the power display screen, the electronic scale display, the control button module, the bidirectional oil pressure power unit, the fork foot rack mechanism, the scale body bottom plate and the driving mechanism are respectively electrically connected with the processor, and the operation action is completed through the operation and control of a remote controller.
CN202022869791.5U 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle Active CN213950488U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022869791.5U CN213950488U (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022869791.5U CN213950488U (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213950488U true CN213950488U (en) 2021-08-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022869791.5U Active CN213950488U (en) 2020-12-04 2020-12-04 Robot for loading and unloading goods on vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213950488U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114148780A (en) * 2021-10-28 2022-03-08 济宁宏昌达新材料有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading equipment for road cargo transportation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114148780A (en) * 2021-10-28 2022-03-08 济宁宏昌达新材料有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading equipment for road cargo transportation
CN114148780B (en) * 2021-10-28 2023-06-02 济宁宏昌达新材料有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading equipment for road cargo transportation

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