CN212954002U - Multifunctional tower crane - Google Patents

Multifunctional tower crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212954002U
CN212954002U CN202021582493.1U CN202021582493U CN212954002U CN 212954002 U CN212954002 U CN 212954002U CN 202021582493 U CN202021582493 U CN 202021582493U CN 212954002 U CN212954002 U CN 212954002U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seat
cantilever
tower crane
guide
sliding
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CN202021582493.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
申云德
谷加勇
赵安贵
吴升
郑常明
杨文武
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Sichuan Longchang Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Sichuan Longchang Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional tower crane, which comprises a base, wherein a support frame is arranged on the top surface of the base, a tower crane is arranged on the top end of the support frame, a support seat is connected and driven on the top surface of the tower crane, a cantilever is arranged in the support seat, both ends of the cantilever are both connected with a moving seat in a sliding way, the bottom surface of the moving seat is provided with an electric hoist, one side of the electric hoist is connected with a rammer, the other side of the electric hoist is connected with a lifting hook, compared with the prior art, the tower crane has larger limitation and more single operation type, the utility model adopts the support seat to support the rotation of the cantilever, guides the position adjustment of the cantilever by the matching of a guide groove and the cantilever, guides the moving seat by a sliding groove, can respectively drive the rammer and the lifting hook to move by the moving seats on both sides of the cantilever, the lifting hook lifts the heavy object, and the working efficiency is effectively improved.

Description

Multifunctional tower crane
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction equipment technical field specifically is a multi-functional tower crane.
Background
In recent years, tower cranes (also referred to as "tower cranes") have been widely used as the construction industry has progressed. The popularization and the use of the tower crane gradually change the vertical and horizontal transportation mode of the building construction, create safe operation conditions for operators and simultaneously improve the working efficiency. With the continuous promotion of urbanization construction and the continuous development of basic settings such as highways, high-speed railways and the like, the use of tower cranes is more and more extensive. Most of traditional tower cranes are of fixed structures, the lengths of assembled suspension arms are different according to operation radiuses in different ranges, the operation radiuses cannot be adjusted according to operation conditions, limitation is large, only one power arm is provided, operation types are single, and the use requirements of people are difficult to meet.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a multi-functional tower crane to solve among the prior art tower crane and be fixed structure mostly, and according to the operation radius of different scopes, the davit length of equipment is different, can't adjust the operation radius according to the operation situation, and the limitation is great, and the operation type is comparatively single, is difficult to satisfy people's user demand's problem.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a multifunctional tower crane comprises a base, wherein a support frame is mounted on the top surface of the base, a tower crane is arranged at the top end of the support frame, a support seat is connected with and drives the top surface of the tower crane, a cantilever is slidably connected in the support seat, a tensioning mechanism is mounted at the top end of the support seat, the tensioning mechanism is connected with a steel cable in a rolling manner, two ends of the steel cable are connected with the top surfaces of two ends of the cantilever, two ends of the cantilever are both slidably connected with a moving seat, an electric hoist is arranged on the bottom surface of the moving seat, the electric hoist on one side is connected with a rammer, and the electric hoist;
straining device includes the tensioning seat, the bottom of tensioning seat is connected with the top of supporting seat, the top of tensioning seat is equipped with the direction chamber, the intracavity sliding connection that leads has the slide, be equipped with two gyro wheels that parallel in the slide, two the gyro wheel all is equipped with the wiring groove, wiring groove corresponds with the cable wire.
Preferably, the top of cantilever is equipped with the guiding axle, guiding axle and tensioning seat sliding connection, the both ends of guiding axle are equipped with the axle bed, can support the guiding axle through the axle bed to by guiding axle and the cooperation of tensioning seat, further lead the cantilever, further consolidate the cantilever by the guiding axle simultaneously, can improve the stability of cantilever effectively.
Preferably, the tensioning mechanism further comprises two guide posts, the two guide posts are respectively mounted on the top surface and the bottom surface of the sliding seat, a spring is sleeved on the outer side of the lower guide post, a guide post hole is formed in the bottom surface of the guide cavity, the guide post hole is matched with the guide post below the sliding seat, the sliding seat can be further guided through the matching of the guide post hole and the guide post, the sliding seat is elastically supported by the spring, and therefore the steel cable is tensioned naturally.
Preferably, straining device still includes the roof, the roof is installed on the top of direction chamber, the roof can pass through the roof to the slide encapsulation to guide pillar sliding connection of slide top surface, and go upward spacing, cooperate with the guide pillar of top simultaneously, lead to the slide, the structure is more stable to the dismouting of being convenient for is maintained.
Preferably, be equipped with the guide slot in the supporting seat, guide slot and cantilever sliding connection, the both sides terminal surface of cantilever is equipped with the spout, the both ends of spout are equipped with the end plate, one side be equipped with the rack board in the spout, can carry on spacingly, the structure is more stable to removing the seat through the end plate.
Preferably, the lateral wall of supporting seat and the terminal surface that removes seat one side all are equipped with the motor, the axle head of motor is equipped with the gear, the gear meshes with the rack board, can drive cantilever horizontal adjustment, changes the length of the arm of force, drives simultaneously and removes seat adjustment operation radius, and work efficiency is higher.
The utility model discloses possess following beneficial effect at least:
1. the utility model discloses a supporting seat supports cantilever gyration to by guide slot and cantilever cooperation, lead to the position adjustment of cantilever, the length adjustment of the arm of force is more convenient, application scope is wider, and lead to removing the seat through the spout, can drive rammer and lifting hook removal respectively by the removal seat of cantilever both sides, and then tamp the ground in adjustable range through mobilizable rammer, lift the heavy object through the lifting hook, by the rammer and as the counter weight simultaneously, guarantee the stability of the overall structure in the lifting hook lifting process, it is more convenient to use, improve work efficiency effectively;
2. the utility model discloses a straining device and cable wire cooperation, tensile cantilever through tensioning seat and supporting seat cooperation, press from both sides the dress to the cantilever, simultaneously by straining device nature tensioning cable wire, can be in cantilever both sides arm of force adjustment in-process, carry out the nature by the cable wire to the cantilever and stretch, improve the structural strength of cantilever, safer to the both sides arm of force is the same, and the cable wire is in initial position, can reduce rocking by a wide margin that hoist one side arm of force overlength caused, improves life effectively.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the partial cross-sectional structure of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a side view of the structure of FIG. 1;
fig. 4 is a partially enlarged schematic view of fig. 2.
In the reference symbols: 1. a base; 2. a support frame; 3. a tower crane; 4. a supporting seat; 5. a guide groove; 6. a cantilever; 7. a chute; 8. a tensioning mechanism; 81. a tensioning seat; 82. a guide cavity; 83. a top plate; 84. a slide base; 85. a roller; 86. a guide post; 87. a guide post hole; 88. a spring; 89. a wiring trough; 9. a steel cord; 10. a guide shaft; 11. a shaft seat; 12. an end plate; 13. a rack plate; 14. a movable seat; 15. a motor; 16. a gear; 17. an electric hoist; 18. a rammer; 19. and (4) a lifting hook.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a multifunctional tower crane comprises a base 1, wherein a support frame 2 is installed on the top surface of the base 1, a tower crane 3 is arranged on the top end of the support frame 2, a support seat 4 is connected and driven on the top surface of the tower crane 3, a cantilever 6 is slidably connected in the support seat 4, specifically, the cantilever 6 penetrates through the support seat 4, a tensioning mechanism 8 is installed on the top end of the support seat 4, the tensioning mechanism 8 is connected with a steel cable 9 in a rolling manner, two ends of the steel cable 9 are connected with the top surfaces of two ends of the cantilever 6, the two ends of the steel cable 9 can be matched with the support seat 4 through the tensioning mechanism 8 to clamp the cantilever 6, meanwhile, the steel cable 9 is naturally tensioned by the tensioning mechanism 8, the cantilever 6 can be stretched by the steel cable 9, the structural strength of the cantilever 6 is improved, a moving seat 14 is slidably connected at two, the electric hoist 17 on one side is connected with a rammer 18, the electric hoist 17 on the other side is connected with a lifting hook 19, so that a foundation can be tamped in an adjustable range through the movable rammer 18, a heavy object is lifted through the lifting hook 19, and the rammer 18 serves as a balance weight to ensure the stability of the whole structure in the lifting process of the lifting hook 19;
straining device 8 includes tensioning seat 81, the bottom of tensioning seat 81 is connected with the top of supporting seat 4, the top of tensioning seat 81 is equipped with direction chamber 82, sliding connection has slide 84 in the direction chamber 82, be equipped with two gyro wheels 85 that parallel in the slide 84, two gyro wheel 85 all is equipped with binding wire groove 89, binding wire groove 89 corresponds with cable wire 9, and is concrete, cable wire 9 passes binding wire groove 89 between two gyro wheels 85, can fix a position cable wire 9 through binding wire groove 89, and the structure is more stable.
Wherein, the top of cantilever 6 is equipped with guiding axle 10, guiding axle 10 and tensioning seat 81 sliding connection, the both ends of guiding axle 10 are equipped with axle bed 11, and are concrete, axle bed 11 is connected with cantilever 6's top surface, can support guiding axle 10 through axle bed 11 to by guiding axle 10 and the cooperation of tensioning seat 81, further lead to cantilever 6, further consolidate cantilever 6 by guiding axle 10 simultaneously, can improve cantilever 6's stability effectively.
The tensioning mechanism 8 further includes two guide posts 86, the two guide posts 86 are respectively mounted on the top surface and the bottom surface of the sliding seat 84, a spring 88 is sleeved outside the lower guide post 86, a guide post hole 87 is formed in the bottom surface of the guide cavity 82, the guide post hole 87 is matched with the guide post 86 below the sliding seat 84, specifically, the guide post hole 87 is in a stepped hole structure, the top end of the guide post hole 87 corresponds to the spring 88, and the sliding seat 84 can be further guided by matching the guide post hole 87 with the guide post 86 and is elastically supported by the spring 88, so that the steel cable 9 is naturally tensioned.
The tensioning mechanism 8 further includes a top plate 83, the top plate 83 is mounted at the top end of the guide cavity 82, the top plate 83 is slidably connected to a guide post 86 on the top surface of the slide carriage 84, specifically, the guide post 86 on the upper side penetrates through the top plate 83, so that the slide carriage 84 can be encapsulated through the top plate 83, the upward limit is performed, and meanwhile, the guide post 86 on the upper side is matched to guide the slide carriage 84, so that the structure is more stable, and the disassembly, assembly and maintenance are facilitated.
Wherein, be equipped with guide slot 5 in the supporting seat 4, guide slot 5 and cantilever 6 sliding connection, the both sides terminal surface of cantilever 6 is equipped with spout 7, the both ends of spout 7 are equipped with end plate 12, one side be equipped with rack plate 13 in the spout 7, and is concrete, end plate 12 is installed at the both ends of cantilever 6, can carry on spacingly to removing seat 14 through end plate 12, and the structure is more stable.
Wherein, the lateral wall of supporting seat 4 and the terminal surface that removes 14 one sides of seat all are equipped with motor 15, the axle head of motor 15 is equipped with gear 16, gear 16 and rack plate 13 meshing can drive 6 horizontal adjustment of cantilever, change the length of the arm of force, drive simultaneously and remove 14 adjustment operation radiuses of seat, and work efficiency is higher.
The working principle is as follows:
when in use, the tower crane 3 drives the supporting seat 4 to rotate, the operation direction can be adjusted, the motor 15 on the side wall of the supporting seat 4 drives the gear 16 to rotate and is engaged with the gear 16 and the rack plate 13, the cantilever 6 can be driven to adjust the length of the force arms at two sides along the guide slot 5, the slide seat 84 is elastically supported by the spring 88, the steel cable 9 is tensioned by the roller 85, the cantilever 6 can be naturally stretched by the steel cable 9, the structural strength of the cantilever 6 is improved (specifically, when the force arms at the two sides of the supporting seat 4 are the same, the steel cable 9 is located at the initial position, that is, the top surface of the sliding seat 84 is attached to the top plate 83, when the length of the force arms at the two sides is different, the position of the steel cable 9 moves downwards compared with the initial position), and the steel cable 9 is matched with the tensioning seat 81 through the guide shaft 10, the cantilever 6 is further guided, and meanwhile, the cantilever 6 is further reinforced by the guide shaft 10, so that the stability of the cantilever 6 can be effectively improved;
in addition, the motor 15 on the side wall of the moving seat 14 drives the moving seat 14 to slide along the sliding groove 7, so that the rammer 18 can be driven to tamp the foundation within an adjustable range, a heavy object is lifted by the lifting hook 19, and meanwhile, the rammer 18 is used as a balance weight to ensure the stability of the whole structure in the lifting process of the lifting hook 19.
The basic principles and the main features of the invention and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above, it will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, but that the invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A multifunctional tower crane is characterized by comprising a base (1), a supporting frame (2) is arranged on the top surface of the base (1), the top end of the supporting frame (2) is provided with a tower crane (3), the top surface of the tower crane (3) is connected with and drives a supporting seat (4), a cantilever (6) is arranged in the supporting seat (4) in a sliding connection manner, a tensioning mechanism (8) is arranged at the top end of the supporting seat (4), the tensioning mechanism (8) is connected with a steel cable (9) in a rolling way, two ends of the steel cable (9) are connected with the top surfaces of two ends of the cantilever (6), both ends of the cantilever (6) are connected with a movable seat (14) in a sliding manner, the bottom surface of the movable seat (14) is provided with an electric hoist (17), the electric hoist (17) on one side is connected with a rammer (18), and the electric hoist (17) on the other side is connected with a lifting hook (19);
straining device (8) are including tensioning seat (81), the bottom of tensioning seat (81) is connected with the top of supporting seat (4), the top of tensioning seat (81) is equipped with direction chamber (82), sliding connection has slide (84) in direction chamber (82), be equipped with two gyro wheels (85) that parallel in slide (84), two gyro wheel (85) all are equipped with beam line groove (89), beam line groove (89) correspond with cable wire (9).
2. The multifunctional tower crane according to claim 1, wherein a guide shaft (10) is arranged above the cantilever (6), the guide shaft (10) is slidably connected with the tensioning seat (81), and shaft seats (11) are arranged at two ends of the guide shaft (10).
3. The multifunctional tower crane according to claim 1, wherein the tensioning mechanism (8) further comprises two guide posts (86), the two guide posts (86) are respectively installed on the top surface and the bottom surface of the sliding seat (84), a spring (88) is sleeved outside the lower guide post (86), and a guide post hole (87) is formed in the bottom surface of the guide cavity (82), and the guide post hole (87) is matched with the guide post (86) below the sliding seat (84).
4. The multifunctional tower crane according to claim 3, wherein the tensioning mechanism (8) further comprises a top plate (83), the top plate (83) is mounted at the top end of the guide cavity (82), and the top plate (83) is slidably connected with a guide post (86) on the top surface of the sliding base (84).
5. The multifunctional tower crane according to claim 1, wherein a guide groove (5) is arranged in the support base (4), the guide groove (5) is slidably connected with the cantilever (6), sliding grooves (7) are arranged on two side end faces of the cantilever (6), end plates (12) are arranged at two ends of each sliding groove (7), and a rack plate (13) is arranged in each sliding groove (7) on one side.
6. The multifunctional tower crane according to claim 1 or 5, wherein the side wall of the supporting seat (4) and the end surface of one side of the moving seat (14) are both provided with a motor (15), the shaft end of the motor (15) is provided with a gear (16), and the gear (16) is meshed with the rack plate (13).
CN202021582493.1U 2020-08-03 2020-08-03 Multifunctional tower crane Active CN212954002U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021582493.1U CN212954002U (en) 2020-08-03 2020-08-03 Multifunctional tower crane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021582493.1U CN212954002U (en) 2020-08-03 2020-08-03 Multifunctional tower crane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212954002U true CN212954002U (en) 2021-04-13

Family

ID=75347380

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021582493.1U Active CN212954002U (en) 2020-08-03 2020-08-03 Multifunctional tower crane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212954002U (en)

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