CN212361967U - Domestic waste burns power generation facility - Google Patents

Domestic waste burns power generation facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212361967U
CN212361967U CN202020401922.4U CN202020401922U CN212361967U CN 212361967 U CN212361967 U CN 212361967U CN 202020401922 U CN202020401922 U CN 202020401922U CN 212361967 U CN212361967 U CN 212361967U
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heat boiler
communicated
pipe
power generation
outlet pipe
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CN202020401922.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何泉均
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Sichuan Fuyilian Information Technology Co Ltd
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Sichuan Fuyilian Information Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/12Heat utilisation in combustion or incineration of waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/30Technologies for a more efficient combustion or heat usage

Abstract

The utility model discloses a domestic waste burns power generation facility, including burning furnace, the right side of burning furnace is provided with exhaust-heat boiler, exhaust-heat boiler's right side is provided with the set casing, the top fixedly connected with turbo generator of set casing, turbo generator's right side is provided with the alkaline washing desulfurizing tower, the right side of alkaline washing desulfurizing tower is provided with bag collector. The utility model discloses an burn burning furnace, exhaust-heat boiler, the outlet pipe, the set casing, turbo generator, alkali wash desulfurizing tower, the bag collector, the draught fan, the chimney, a weighing sensor and a temperature sensor, heat exchange tube and storage battery's cooperation is used, it is not enough to the utilization of flue gas to have solved current domestic waste incineration power generation facility, the flue gas that produces after burning rubbish is discharged into the atmosphere after being direct purification treatment usually, thermal mass loss in the flue gas has been caused, and the high temperature flue gas need cool down the processing before handling, the problem of wasting of resources has been caused.

Description

Domestic waste burns power generation facility
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a garbage power generation technical field specifically is a domestic waste burns power generation facility.
Background
Along with the rapid development of global economy and the improvement of the living standard of substances, the garbage output is increased day by day, the pollution to the environment is serious day by day, a large amount of urban domestic garbage continuously generated every day becomes a social problem of polluting the environment and influencing the life, the garbage power generation refers to a power generation form of burning urban solid garbage through a special incineration boiler and then generating power through a steam turbine generator set, and the garbage power generation is divided into two types of garbage incineration power generation and garbage landfill gas power generation.
The existing household garbage incineration power generation device is insufficient in utilization of flue gas, the flue gas generated after garbage incineration is usually directly purified and then discharged into the atmosphere, a large amount of heat in the flue gas is lost, and the high-temperature flue gas needs to be cooled before treatment, so that resource waste is caused.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a domestic waste burns power generation facility possesses energy-conserving advantage that facilitates the use, has solved current domestic waste burns power generation facility and is not enough abundant to the utilization of flue gas, burns the flue gas that produces behind the rubbish and is discharged into the atmosphere after direct purification treatment usually, has caused thermal a large amount of losses in the flue gas, and the high temperature flue gas need cool down the processing before handling, has caused the problem of wasting of resources.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a household garbage incineration power generation device comprises an incinerator, wherein a waste heat boiler is arranged on the right side of the incinerator, a fixed shell is arranged on the right side of the waste heat boiler, a turbogenerator is fixedly connected to the top of the fixed shell, an alkali washing desulfurization tower is arranged on the right side of the turbogenerator, a bag type dust collector is arranged on the right side of the alkali washing desulfurization tower, an induced draft fan is arranged on the right side of the bag type dust collector, a chimney is arranged on the right side of the induced draft fan, a smoke outlet end of the incinerator is communicated with a smoke inlet pipe, one end, away from the incinerator, of the smoke inlet pipe penetrates through an inner cavity of the waste heat boiler and is communicated with a heat exchange pipe, one end, away from the smoke inlet pipe, of the heat exchange pipe is communicated with a smoke outlet pipe, one end, away from the heat exchange pipe, of the smoke outlet pipe penetrates through the right side, one end of the steam outlet pipe, which is far away from the waste heat boiler, is communicated with the air inlet end of the steam turbine generator, a temperature sensor is fixedly connected to the left side of the inner cavity of the waste heat boiler, a gas outlet end of the alkaline washing desulfurizing tower is communicated with a desulfurizing gas outlet pipe, one end of the desulfurizing gas outlet pipe, which is far away from the alkaline washing desulfurizing tower, is communicated with the air inlet end of the bag type dust collector, the air inlet end of the induced draft fan is communicated with the gas outlet end of the bag type dust collector, and the air outlet end of the induced draft fan is communicated with the.
Preferably, the right side intercommunication at exhaust-heat boiler top has the water injection pipe, the top thread bush on water injection pipe surface is equipped with sealed lid, exhaust-heat boiler's inner chamber has water, and the liquid level height of water is higher than the top of heat exchange tube.
Preferably, the output end of the steam outlet pipe is electrically connected with the input end of the storage battery pack in a one-way mode through a conducting wire, the left side of the front surface of the fixed shell is movably connected with a movable door, and the right side of the front surface of the movable door is fixedly connected with a handle.
Preferably, the center of the bottom of the waste heat boiler is communicated with a water outlet pipe, the surface of the water outlet pipe is fixedly provided with a drain valve, and the surface of the steam outlet pipe is fixedly provided with a steam control valve.
Preferably, the heat exchange tube is of an S-shaped structure, and a pressure gauge is fixedly installed at the top of the front surface of the waste heat boiler.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. the utility model discloses an burn burning furnace, exhaust-heat boiler, the outlet pipe, the set casing, turbo generator, alkali wash desulfurizing tower, the bag collector, the draught fan, the chimney, a weighing sensor and a temperature sensor, heat exchange tube and storage battery's cooperation is used, can carry out make full use of to heat in the high temperature flue gas, energy utilization is improved, it is not enough to the utilization of flue gas to have solved current domestic waste incineration power generation facility, the flue gas that produces after burning rubbish is discharged into the atmosphere usually by direct purification treatment back, the thermal mass loss in the flue gas has been caused, and the high temperature flue gas need cool down the processing before handling, the problem of wasting of resources has been caused.
2. The utility model discloses a use of water injection pipe, can conveniently add water in to exhaust-heat boiler, use through sealed lid, can seal the water injection pipe, avoid the dust to fall into in the exhaust-heat boiler from its inside and cause the pollution to water, use through outlet pipe and drain valve, can put out the water after the exhaust-heat boiler internal heating, use through temperature sensor, can detect the temperature of exhaust-heat boiler water-logging, use through alkaline cleaning desulfurizing tower, can detach the sulphide that contains in the flue gas, use through bag collector, can filter flying dust and residue in the flue gas, use through the manometer, can detect exhaust-heat boiler internal pressure, use through the steam controller valve, can control the steam discharge speed of steam outlet pipe.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional structure view of the waste heat boiler of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a sectional structure view of the fixing shell of the present invention.
In the figure: 1 incinerator, 2 exhaust-heat boilers, 3 outlet pipes, 4 fixed shells, 5 steam turbine generators, 6 alkaline washing desulfurizing towers, 7 bag type dust collectors, 8 induced draft fans, 9 chimneys, 10 desulfurized gas outlet pipes, 11 flue gas outlet pipes, 12 steam outlet pipes, 13 water injection pipes, 14 flue gas inlet pipes, 15 temperature sensors, 16 heat exchange pipes and 17 storage battery packs.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "front end", "rear end", "both ends", "one end", "the other end", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element to be referred must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted", "provided", "connected", and the like are to be construed broadly, such as "connected", which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The utility model discloses an burn burning furnace 1, exhaust-heat boiler 2, outlet pipe 3, set casing 4, turbo generator 5, alkali wash desulfurizing tower 6, bag collector 7, draught fan 8, chimney 9, the gaseous exit tube 10 of desulfurization, flue gas exit tube 11, steam outlet pipe 12, water injection pipe 13, the flue gas advances pipe 14, temperature sensor 15, heat exchange tube 16 and storage battery 17 part are the parts that general standard or technical personnel in the field know, its structure and principle all are this technical staff's all can learn the manual or learn through conventional experimental method through the technique.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a household garbage incineration power generation device comprises an incinerator 1, a waste heat boiler 2 is arranged on the right side of the incinerator 1, a water injection pipe 13 is communicated with the right side of the top of the waste heat boiler 2, a sealing cover is sleeved on the top of the surface of the water injection pipe 13 in a threaded manner, water can be conveniently added into the waste heat boiler 2 through the use of the water injection pipe 13, the water injection pipe 13 can be sealed through the use of the sealing cover, so that dust is prevented from falling into the waste heat boiler 2 from the inside of the waste heat boiler to pollute water, water is contained in an inner cavity of the waste heat boiler 2, the liquid level of the water is higher than the top of a heat exchange pipe 16, a water outlet pipe 3 is communicated with the center of the bottom of the waste heat boiler 2, a drain valve is fixedly arranged on the surface of the water outlet pipe 3, the water heated in the waste heat boiler 2, the top of the fixed shell 4 is fixedly connected with a turbo generator 5, the right side of the turbo generator 5 is provided with an alkaline cleaning desulfurizing tower 6, sulfides contained in the flue gas can be removed by using the alkaline cleaning desulfurizing tower 6, the right side of the alkaline cleaning desulfurizing tower 6 is provided with a bag type dust collector 7, fly ash and residues in the flue gas can be filtered by using the bag type dust collector 7, the right side of the bag type dust collector 7 is provided with an induced draft fan 8, the right side of the induced draft fan 8 is provided with a chimney 9, the smoke outlet end of the incinerator 1 is communicated with a flue gas inlet pipe 14, one end of the flue gas inlet pipe 14, which is far away from the incinerator 1, penetrates into the inner cavity of the waste heat boiler 2 and is communicated with a heat exchange pipe 16, the heat exchange pipe 16 is of an S-shaped structure, the top of the front surface of the waste heat boiler 2 is fixedly provided with a pressure gauge, the pressure in the waste heat boiler 2 can, one end of a flue gas outlet pipe 11, which is far away from a heat exchange pipe 16, penetrates to the right side of the waste heat boiler 2 and is communicated with an air inlet end of an alkaline washing desulfurization tower 6, the center of the top of the waste heat boiler 2 is communicated with a steam outlet pipe 12, a steam control valve is fixedly arranged on the surface of the steam outlet pipe 12, the steam discharge speed of the steam outlet pipe 12 can be controlled through the use of a steam controller valve, the output end of the steam outlet pipe 12 is electrically connected with the input end of a storage battery pack 17 in a one-way mode through a lead, a movable door is movably connected to the left side of the front surface of a fixed shell 4, a handle is fixedly connected to the right side of the front surface of the movable door, one end of the steam outlet pipe 12, which is far away from the waste heat boiler 2, is communicated with an air inlet end of a turbonator 5, a temperature sensor 15 is fixedly connected to the left side of, one end of a desulfurized gas outlet pipe 10 far away from an alkaline washing desulfurizing tower 6 is communicated with the air inlet end of a bag type dust collector 7, the air inlet end of an induced draft fan 8 is communicated with the air outlet end of the bag type dust collector 7, the air outlet end of the induced draft fan 8 is communicated with the air inlet end of a chimney 9, heat in high-temperature flue gas can be fully utilized by matching an incinerator 1, a waste heat boiler 2, an water outlet pipe 3, a fixed shell 4, a turbonator 5, the alkaline washing desulfurizing tower 6, the bag type dust collector 7, the induced draft fan 8, the chimney 9, a temperature sensor 15, a heat exchange pipe 16 and a storage battery pack 17, the energy utilization rate is improved, the problem that the existing domestic garbage incineration generating set cannot sufficiently utilize the flue gas is solved, the flue gas generated after garbage incineration is usually directly purified and then discharged into the atmosphere, so that a large amount of heat in the flue gas is lost, and, causing a problem of resource waste.
When the garbage incinerator is used, garbage is placed into the incinerator 1 and is combusted, smoke generated by garbage combustion enters the heat exchange tube 16 through the smoke inlet tube 14 and is heated, the heat exchange tube 16 and water in the waste heat boiler 2 perform sufficient heat exchange, generated steam enters the turbine generator 5 through the steam outlet tube 12 to generate electric energy, the generated electric energy is stored in the storage battery pack 17 to achieve a power generation effect, the smoke discharged from the heat exchange tube 16 is subjected to desulfurization treatment through the alkaline cleaning desulfurization tower 6, then dust is removed through the bag type dust collector 7, the smoke is extracted through the induced draft fan 8 and is discharged to the atmosphere through the chimney 9, fly ash and residues of a smoke treatment system collected by the bag type dust collector 7 and the like are sent to a specified place to be subjected to sanitary landfill after the fly ash and the residues of the smoke treatment system reach the standard through solidification treatment, and water in the waste heat boiler 2 can be discharged through the water outlet.
In summary, the following steps: this domestic waste burns power generation facility, through burning furnace 1, exhaust-heat boiler 2, outlet pipe 3, set casing 4, turbo generator 5, alkali wash desulfurizing tower 6, bag collector 7, draught fan 8, chimney 9, temperature sensor 15, heat exchange tube 16 and storage battery 17's cooperation is used, it is not enough to have solved current domestic waste burns power generation facility and to the utilization of flue gas, the flue gas that produces after burning rubbish is discharged into the atmosphere after direct purification treatment usually, the thermal mass loss in the flue gas has been caused, and the high temperature flue gas need cool down the processing before handling, the problem of wasting of resources has been caused.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a domestic waste burns power generation facility, includes burns burning furnace (1), its characterized in that: the right side of the incinerator (1) is provided with a waste heat boiler (2), the right side of the waste heat boiler (2) is provided with a fixed shell (4), the top of the fixed shell (4) is fixedly connected with a turbine generator (5), the right side of the turbine generator (5) is provided with an alkali washing desulfurizing tower (6), the right side of the alkali washing desulfurizing tower (6) is provided with a bag type dust collector (7), the right side of the bag type dust collector (7) is provided with a draught fan (8), the right side of the draught fan (8) is provided with a chimney (9), the smoke outlet end of the incinerator (1) is communicated with a smoke inlet pipe (14), one end, far away from the incinerator (1), of the smoke inlet pipe (14) penetrates through the inner cavity of the waste heat boiler (2) and is communicated with a heat exchange pipe (16), one end, far away from the smoke inlet pipe (14), of the heat exchange pipe, one end of the flue gas outlet pipe (11) far away from the heat exchange pipe (16) penetrates through the right side of the waste heat boiler (2) and is communicated with the air inlet end of the alkaline washing desulfurizing tower (6), a steam outlet pipe (12) is communicated with the center of the top of the waste heat boiler (2), one end of the steam outlet pipe (12) far away from the waste heat boiler (2) is communicated with the air inlet end of the turbonator (5), the left side of the inner cavity of the waste heat boiler (2) is fixedly connected with a temperature sensor (15), the gas outlet end of the alkaline washing desulfurizing tower (6) is communicated with a desulfurized gas outlet pipe (10), one end of the desulfurization gas outlet pipe (10) far away from the alkaline washing desulfurization tower (6) is communicated with the gas inlet end of the bag type dust collector (7), the air inlet end of the induced draft fan (8) is communicated with the air outlet end of the bag type dust collector (7), and the air outlet end of the induced draft fan (8) is communicated with the air inlet end of the chimney (9).
2. The domestic waste incineration power generation device of claim 1, wherein: the right side intercommunication at exhaust-heat boiler (2) top has water injection pipe (13), the top thread bush on water injection pipe (13) surface is equipped with sealed lid, the inner chamber of exhaust-heat boiler (2) has held water, and the liquid level of water is higher than the top of heat exchange tube (16).
3. The domestic waste incineration power generation device of claim 1, wherein: the output end of the steam outlet pipe (12) is electrically connected with the input end of the storage battery pack (17) in a one-way mode through a conducting wire, the left side of the front surface of the fixed shell (4) is movably connected with a movable door, and the right side of the front surface of the movable door is fixedly connected with a handle.
4. The domestic waste incineration power generation device of claim 1, wherein: the waste heat boiler is characterized in that the center of the bottom of the waste heat boiler (2) is communicated with a water outlet pipe (3), a drain valve is fixedly mounted on the surface of the water outlet pipe (3), and a steam control valve is fixedly mounted on the surface of a steam outlet pipe (12).
5. The domestic waste incineration power generation device of claim 1, wherein: the heat exchange tube (16) is of an S-shaped structure, and a pressure gauge is fixedly installed at the top of the front surface of the waste heat boiler (2).
CN202020401922.4U 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Domestic waste burns power generation facility Active CN212361967U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020401922.4U CN212361967U (en) 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Domestic waste burns power generation facility

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020401922.4U CN212361967U (en) 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Domestic waste burns power generation facility

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212361967U true CN212361967U (en) 2021-01-15

Family

ID=74147090

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020401922.4U Active CN212361967U (en) 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Domestic waste burns power generation facility

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212361967U (en)

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