CN212230544U - Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery - Google Patents

Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212230544U
CN212230544U CN202020825087.7U CN202020825087U CN212230544U CN 212230544 U CN212230544 U CN 212230544U CN 202020825087 U CN202020825087 U CN 202020825087U CN 212230544 U CN212230544 U CN 212230544U
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China
Prior art keywords
taking
spot welding
blanking
assembly line
mounting plate
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Application number
CN202020825087.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈显仁
罗松柏
尹林华
胡剑华
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Foryou Multimedia Electronics Co Ltd
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Foryou Multimedia Electronics Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic production line for the front section of a lithium battery, which comprises a multifunctional integrated machine, an automatic nickel sheet loading device and a spot welding device which are arranged in sequence from one side to the other side, wherein the multifunctional integrated machine is used for transmitting, loading, punching highland barley paper, scanning, testing and grading an electric core, and installing the graded electric core into a bracket; the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment is arranged adjacent to the multifunctional all-in-one machine and is used for transferring the battery cell installed into the support by the multifunctional all-in-one machine into the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment for loading nickel sheets; the spot welding equipment is adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment and is used for carrying out nickel sheet spot welding on the battery cell loaded with the nickel sheets by the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment to complete the production of the front section of the lithium battery. The utility model discloses lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line has that degree of automation is high, area is few, the product yield is high, the unit function is many and product compatibility is high advantage.

Description

Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a lithium cell processing technology field specifically is a lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line.
Background
The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery in 18650 or 21700 markets has the advantages of single equipment function, large occupied area, high single machine manufacturing cost, poor labor saving effect and low automation degree. Its function of anterior segment equipment mainly includes electric core material loading, pastes the highland barley paper, sweeps sign indicating number, electric core test, electric core group, lower carriage material loading, electric core go into the lower carriage, cover the upper bracket, radium carving, lock screw, dress nickel piece, spot welding. In the existing production line, the functions are more independent equipment arranged in each process of the production line, and the multifunctional equipment integrating partial functions is also arranged, but due to the limitation of technology and site distribution, a plurality of pieces of equipment still complete the functions. For 18650 and 21700 electric cores, the more equipment means more workpieces are replaced when compatible products are produced, and the cost is high, and the time and the labor are wasted.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a solve above-mentioned technical problem's lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the following technical solutions are provided.
An automatic production line for the front section of a lithium battery comprises a multifunctional all-in-one machine, an automatic nickel sheet loading device and a spot welding device which are sequentially arranged from one side to the other side, wherein the multifunctional all-in-one machine is used for conveying, loading, punching highland barley paper, scanning, testing and grading a battery cell, and installing the graded battery cell into a support; the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment is arranged adjacent to the multifunctional all-in-one machine and is used for transferring the battery cell installed into the support by the multifunctional all-in-one machine into the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment for loading nickel sheets; the spot welding equipment is adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment and is used for carrying out nickel sheet spot welding on the battery cell loaded with the nickel sheets by the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment to complete the production of the front section of the lithium battery. The utility model discloses lithium cell anterior segment automation line mainly comprises multi-functional all-in-one, automatic dress nickel piece equipment and spot welding equipment, and its unit equipment is few, and area is few; the whole production line can finish the operations of putting the battery core into the bracket, automatically loading the nickel sheet, spot welding and the like only by one operator, and has high automation degree.
Further, the multifunctional integrated machine comprises a first case, a first workbench is arranged at the top of the first case, a whole box electric core feeding assembly line is arranged on the first workbench and is positioned at the front part of the first workbench, a single electric core transmission assembly line which is vertically distributed with the whole box electric core feeding assembly line is arranged at one end of the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, an electric core feeding mechanism, a punching highland barley paper mechanism, an electric core code scanning mechanism and a testing mechanism are sequentially arranged on the single electric core transmission assembly line from one end positioned on the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, a bracket mounting module and an electric core storage channel are sequentially arranged at the rear part of the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, an electric core taking and placing module is arranged above the electric core storage channel, and an electric core support mechanism is arranged between the electric core taking and placing module and the electric core storage channel, the place ahead that the gimbal mechanism was gone into to electric core is equipped with the support mounting module, the below that the gimbal mechanism was gone into to electric core is equipped with tool backward flow assembly line, the outside that the gimbal mechanism was gone into to electric core is equipped with the radium carving mechanism that carries out radium carving to the product and carries out the lock screw mechanism of lock screw to the support.
The working process and principle of the multifunctional all-in-one machine are as follows:
firstly, starting a whole box electric core feeding assembly line, manually placing the whole box electric core on the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, and conveying the electric core to a next station electric core feeding mechanism by the whole box electric core feeding assembly line;
the battery cell feeding mechanism is used for sucking and transferring the battery cells on the whole box battery cell feeding assembly line in rows to a single battery cell transmission assembly line for transmitting the single battery cells, and the single battery cell transmission assembly line transmits the single battery cells forwards to the highland barley paper punching mechanism, the battery cell code scanning mechanism and the testing mechanism in sequence; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the highland barley paper punching mechanism is used for punching highland barley paper on the in-place battery cell, and after the highland barley paper is punched, a single battery cell is continuously transmitted to the next station battery cell code scanning mechanism by a transmission assembly line;
the battery cell code scanning mechanism is used for scanning codes of a plurality of battery cells in place at the same time, and then the single battery cell is transmitted to the next station testing mechanism by the transmission assembly line;
the testing mechanism is used for carrying out grading test on the in-place battery cells, 10 battery cells are tested in each group, and after 10 battery cells are tested, the battery cells in the next station are taken and placed by the material taking module to act;
the battery cell taking and placing module is used for sucking the tested battery cells, performing gear grouping on the battery cells, transferring the battery cells to corresponding channels on the battery cell storage channel, sucking the battery cells filled in the battery cell storage channel by the battery cell taking and placing module after the battery cells in the corresponding channels are filled, and transferring the battery cells to the battery cell support mechanism;
electric core goes into gimbal mechanism, before electric core goes into the support, press from both sides from the lower carriage assembly line and take off the support and install on tool backward flow assembly line earlier by the support mounting module, treat that electric core goes into behind the support, the electric core that will go into the support by tool backward flow assembly line moves to the upper bracket installation station, at this moment, get the upper bracket and cover the upper bracket on electric core from the upper bracket assembly line upper clamp again by the support mounting module, continue to carry electric core to radium carving forward by tool backward flow assembly line again, lock the screw station, carry out radium carving operation to electric core by radium carving mechanism respectively, carry out the lock screw to upper bracket and lower carriage by lock screw mechanism, the product after accomplishing the lock screw gets into the equipment of next stage and carries out the material transfer.
Further, the battery cell feeding mechanism comprises a battery cell feeding machine framework, a lower layer mounting plate and an upper layer moving plate are arranged on the battery cell feeding machine framework, the lower-layer mounting plate is positioned above the whole cell feeding assembly line, a single cell transmission assembly line is arranged on the lower-layer mounting plate, a feeding in-place sensor is arranged outside the single cell transmission assembly line on the lower-layer mounting plate, the upper layer moving plate is connected with two guide posts at the top part in a sliding way through a sliding seat, the upper layer moving plate is connected with a battery cell transverse moving cylinder, the upper movable plate is provided with an electric core material taking upper and lower cylinder, the output end of the electric core material taking upper and lower cylinder is connected with the electric core material taking execution end, the material taking execution end is driven to move downwards to the upper part of the electric core to stay for taking materials, after the material taking is finished, the battery core taking upper and lower cylinders retract, and the taking execution end drives the battery core sucked on the magnet to ascend to the transverse moving position; the electric core sideslip cylinder retracts to drive the electric core on the material taking execution end to be loaded along the electric core loading guide block, demagnetizes the electric core through the electric core demagnetizing baffle plate, and forwards conveys the electric core to the single whole box electric core feeding production line by the single whole box electric core feeding production line.
Furthermore, the top of the battery cell material taking execution end is provided with a feeding variable pitch cylinder for adjusting the distance between adjacent material taking execution ends, and the feeding variable pitch cylinder is arranged to adapt to battery cells of different models. The material pressing cylinder is arranged on the lower mounting plate, and after the incoming material in-place sensor senses that the battery cell is in place, the material pressing cylinder is started to press the battery cell downwards, so that the cutter clamp is prevented from being taken out when the material is taken.
Further, the battery cell taking and placing module comprises a battery cell taking and placing module frame, one side of the battery cell taking and placing module frame is provided with a discharging mechanism on a battery cell storage channel mechanism for conveying the previous process, the other side of the battery cell taking and placing module frame is provided with a taking mechanism for transferring the battery cell on the storage channel filled with a battery pack on the storage channel mechanism to a support-entering mechanism, the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging moving module arranged on the battery cell taking and placing module frame and a discharging executing mechanism arranged on the discharging moving module, the taking mechanism comprises a taking moving module arranged on the battery cell taking and placing module frame and a taking executing mechanism arranged on the taking moving module, the discharging executing mechanism and the taking executing mechanism are distributed at two ends of the battery cell taking and placing module frame in a staggered manner and move along the discharging moving module and the taking moving module respectively, the battery cell taking and placing module respectively arranges the discharging mechanism and the taking mechanism at two sides of the same battery cell taking and, and the blanking actuating mechanism and the material taking actuating mechanism on the blanking mechanism and the material taking mechanism are arranged at two ends of the material taking and placing module frame in a staggered manner, so that the blanking mechanism and the material taking mechanism are better intensively arranged on the same material taking and placing module frame, the integral structure is effectively simplified, the cost is saved, and the space for taking and placing the material module from the battery cell is reduced.
Further, the unloading removes the module and gets the structure constitution of material removal module the same, all includes driving piece and belt formula transmission structure, driving piece drive belt formula transmission structure motion, belt formula transmission structure is including the transmission belt, be equipped with the execution end mounting panel on the transmission belt. The unloading removes the module and gets the material and remove the module and all adopt belt formula transmission structure to drive execution end mounting panel, and belt formula transmission structure transmits stably.
Furthermore, two sides of the material taking and placing module frame are respectively provided with two guide rails which are distributed in parallel, the two guide rails on the same side are respectively positioned above and below the conveying belt, and the execution end mounting plate is connected with the guide rails in a sliding mode through the sliding blocks and is stable in conveying and moving.
Further, the blanking execution mechanism comprises a blanking mounting frame, the blanking mounting frame comprises a blanking upper mounting plate and a blanking lower mounting plate, the blanking upper mounting plate and the blanking lower mounting plate are connected through a blanking stand column, a blanking distance adjusting piece is sleeved on the blanking stand column between the blanking upper mounting plate and the blanking lower mounting plate, one end of the blanking upper mounting plate is connected with a blanking vertical plate, and the blanking vertical plate is mounted on an execution end mounting plate on the side of the blanking mobile module; the blanking mechanism is characterized in that a blanking upper and lower cylinder is mounted on the blanking upper mounting plate, the output end of the blanking upper and lower cylinder is connected with the blanking lower mounting plate, a blanking execution end is arranged below the blanking lower mounting plate, a blanking angle cylinder is arranged on the blanking lower mounting plate, and the output end of the blanking angle cylinder is connected with the blanking execution end.
Further, the blanking execution end comprises a blanking execution frame and a blanking limiting part, a blanking cylinder is installed at the upper part of the blanking execution frame, the bottom of the blanking execution frame is provided with the blanking limiting part, the bottom of the blanking limiting part is provided with a V-shaped limiting groove, a blanking execution part is arranged on the blanking limiting part, and the blanking execution part is connected with the blanking cylinder; and demagnetization baffles are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the blanking executive part.
The material taking executing mechanism comprises a material taking mounting frame, the material taking mounting frame comprises a material taking upper mounting plate and a material taking lower mounting plate, the material taking upper mounting plate and the material taking lower mounting plate are connected through a material taking upright post, a material taking distance adjusting piece is sleeved on the material taking upright post between the material taking upper mounting plate and the material taking lower mounting plate, one end of the material taking upper mounting plate is connected with a material taking vertical plate, and the material taking vertical plate is mounted on an executing end mounting plate on the blanking moving module side; get and install on the material upper mounting panel and get material upper and lower cylinder, get the output of material upper and lower cylinder and get material lower mounting panel and be connected, get material lower mounting panel below and be equipped with and get the material execution end, get to be equipped with on the material lower mounting panel and get material angle cylinder, the output of getting the material angle cylinder with get the material execution end and be connected.
Furthermore, the material taking execution end comprises a material taking execution frame and a material taking pitch-variable execution end, the material taking pitch-variable execution end comprises a pitch-variable frame, a material taking pitch-variable cylinder is installed on the upper portion of the pitch-variable frame, a pitch-variable sliding block is arranged in the pitch-variable frame, and a material grabbing execution end is arranged below the pitch-variable sliding block.
Further, the support mounting module comprises a fixing frame, an X-axis moving module is arranged on the fixing frame, a Y-axis moving module moving along the X axis is arranged on the X-axis moving module, a Z-axis moving module moving along the Y axis is arranged on the Y-axis moving module, and an upper support clamping piece and a lower support clamping piece moving up and down along the Z axis are arranged on the Z-axis moving module.
Further, still be equipped with the support assembly line on the first workstation, the support assembly line is located the outside of support mounting module, including upper bracket assembly line and lower carriage assembly line, the tip of lower carriage assembly line is equipped with support upset positioning mechanism for the upper bracket that conveys on the upper bracket assembly line overturns to transfer to and fix a position, support assembly line and electric core go into to be equipped with the tool backward flow assembly line between the support mechanism.
Further, the jig backflow assembly line comprises an upper line body and a lower line body, the upper line body is used for conveying jigs to the processing stations, the lower line body is used for jig backflow, a descending cylinder used for moving the jigs to the lower line body is arranged at the bottom of the output end of the upper line body, an ascending cylinder used for moving the jigs to the upper line body is arranged at the bottom of the backflow tail end of the lower line body, a pushing cylinder used for pushing the jigs to the upper line body is arranged on the outer side of the backflow tail end of the lower line body, and a lower support mounting station, an upper support mounting station, laser engraving and screw locking stations are arranged on the upper line body.
Further, automatic dress nickel piece equipment includes the second quick-witted case, the top of second machine case is the second workstation, the one end that is adjacent with multifunctional machine on the second workstation is equipped with dress nickel piece unloading manipulator, spot welding tool elevating system's material transfer mechanism hand in the past to the back in proper order, the one end middle part of keeping away from multifunctional machine of second workstation is equipped with spot welding tool assembly line, both sides are equipped with first dress nickel piece mechanism and second dress nickel piece mechanism respectively around the spot welding tool assembly line, the second quick-witted incasement is equipped with the backward flow assembly line under the spot welding tool corresponding with spot welding tool assembly line.
The working process and principle of the automatic nickel sheet loading device are as follows:
firstly, a spot welding jig lifting mechanism in automatic nickel sheet loading equipment conveys a reflow jig on a spot welding jig lower reflow production line to the top for waiting, a nickel sheet loading and unloading manipulator is started to transfer a battery pack at the output end of the multifunctional all-in-one machine to the spot welding jig on the spot welding jig production line, the spot welding jig provided with the battery pack is upwards conveyed by the spot welding jig production line, meanwhile, a first nickel sheet loading mechanism and a second nickel sheet loading mechanism on the front side and the rear side of the spot welding jig production line are started to automatically install nickel sheets of left and right hinges of the spot welding jig, and then the spot welding jig is continuously conveyed forwards to the next equipment, namely spot welding equipment, by the spot welding.
Further, the spot welding equipment comprises a third case, a third workbench is arranged at the top of the third case, a spot welding jig upper layer streamline is arranged on the third workbench, the spot welding jig upper layer streamline is arranged corresponding to a spot welding jig streamline in the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment, so that a spot welding jig with a battery pack is conveyed forwards to the spot welding jig upper layer streamline from the spot welding jig streamline, a first spot welding station, a second spot welding station, a third spot welding station, a fourth spot welding station and a fifth spot welding station are sequentially arranged on the spot welding jig upper layer streamline from one end adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment to the other end, a first spot welding jig turnover mechanism is arranged on the front side of the first spot welding station, a second spot welding jig turnover mechanism is arranged on the front side of the third spot welding station, and a third spot welding jig turnover mechanism is arranged on the front side of the fourth spot welding station, the rear side of spot welding tool upper strata waterline is equipped with spot welding module and spot welding unloading manipulator, the output of spot welding tool upper strata waterline is equipped with tool backward flow elevating system, the third quick-witted incasement be equipped with spot welding tool upper strata waterline matched with spot welding tool lower floor's assembly line.
The working process and principle of the spot welding equipment are as follows:
when the battery pack is conveyed forwards to a first spot welding station on an upper layer flow line of a spot welding jig on spot welding equipment by a spot welding jig assembly line on automatic nickel sheet loading equipment, the jig is turned over by 90 degrees anticlockwise by starting a first spot welding jig turning mechanism positioned outside the first spot welding station, the jig continuously moves forwards to a second spot welding station on the upper layer flow line of the spot welding jig, at the moment, a spot welding module is started to perform nickel sheet spot welding on the battery pack, after the nickel sheet spot welding is completed, the jig drives the battery pack to continuously move forwards to a third spot welding station along the upper layer flow line of the spot welding jig, at the moment, the second spot welding jig turning mechanism positioned outside the third spot welding station is started to turn over the jig and the battery pack clockwise by 180 degrees, at the moment, the spot welding module is started again to perform nickel sheet spot welding on the other side of the battery pack, after the spot welding is completed, the battery pack continuously moves forwards to the fourth spot welding station along with the upper layer flow line, at this moment, the spot welding jig is turned over by 90 degrees anticlockwise by the third spot welding jig turning mechanism located outside the fourth spot welding station, the hinge of the spot welding jig is opened at the fourth spot welding station, the spot welding jig drives the battery pack to continuously move forward to the fifth spot welding station along the upper flow waterline of the spot welding jig, and after the spot welding blanking mechanical arm carries out blanking, the spot welding jig located on the upper flow waterline of the spot welding jig is transferred to the lower flow waterline of the spot welding jig by the jig backflow lifting mechanism to carry out backflow.
The utility model discloses lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line compares with prior art, has following beneficial effect:
first, degree of automation is high, the utility model discloses lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line only needs the material loading of an operation personnel responsible for whole box electric core, highland barley paper reloads and the material loading of upper and lower support can be accomplished electric core and go into support, automatic dress nickel piece, spot welding etc. degree of automation is high.
Secondly, the occupied area is small, the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery mainly comprises a multifunctional all-in-one machine, automatic nickel sheet loading equipment and spot welding equipment, five pieces of equipment in the prior art are reduced to three pieces of equipment on the basis of not reducing functions, the number of single equipment is small, and the occupied area is greatly reduced;
thirdly, the single machine has multiple functions, the multifunctional integrated machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery integrates the functions of feeding, highland barley paper punching, code scanning, testing, feeding, storing, support entering, radium carving and support screw locking, has multiple functions, and can be completed by only one operator for feeding the whole battery cell, so that the labor cost is greatly reduced;
fourthly, the product yield is high, the whole production line can be completed only by one operator for feeding and equipment operation, the occurrence of manual operation failure is greatly reduced, the condition that the components are damaged by manual contact with the product is effectively avoided, and the product yield is effectively improved;
fifth, product compatibility and interchangeability are high, the utility model discloses the production line can be compatible 18650 and two kinds of electric cores of 21700, only need carry out the work piece quick change can realize, and product compatibility and interchangeability are high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view of an automatic production line for the front section of a lithium battery according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a first schematic structural diagram of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
FIG. 3 is a second schematic structural diagram of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
FIG. 4 is a schematic plane view of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of the position relationship between the cell feeding mechanism of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery, the whole cell feeding assembly line and the single cell transmission assembly line;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a cell feeding mechanism of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
fig. 7 is a first schematic structural diagram of a cell taking and placing module of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
fig. 8 is a second schematic structural diagram of the battery cell taking and placing module of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of the blanking moving module shown in FIG. 7;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of the blanking actuator shown in FIG. 7;
FIG. 11 is a partial schematic view of the blanking actuator of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of the material taking actuator shown in FIG. 8;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of the material taking and pitch changing actuator shown in FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a bracket mounting module of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
FIG. 15 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the stent actuator of FIG. 14;
FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a jig backflow assembly line of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery of the utility model;
FIG. 17 is a diagram showing the positional relationship between the jig return flow line and the support flow line of the multifunctional all-in-one machine in the automatic production line for the front section of lithium batteries of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic nickel sheet loading device in an automatic production line for a front section of a lithium battery of the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic plan view of an automatic nickel sheet loading device in an automatic production line for a front section of a lithium battery according to the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a schematic structural view of spot welding equipment in an automatic production line for front sections of lithium batteries according to the present invention;
fig. 21 is the utility model discloses the plane sketch of spot welding equipment in lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line.
Detailed Description
The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the following embodiments and accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 21, a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention is an automatic production line for a front section of a lithium battery, comprising a multifunctional integrated machine 1000, an automatic nickel sheet loading device 2000 and a spot welding device 3000, which are sequentially arranged from one side to the other side, wherein the multifunctional integrated machine 1000 is used for transmitting, loading, punching highland barley paper, scanning, testing and grading an electric core, and installing the graded electric core into a bracket; the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment 2000 is arranged adjacent to the multifunctional all-in-one machine 1000 and is used for transferring the battery cell installed into the support by the multifunctional all-in-one machine 1000 to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment 2000 for loading nickel sheets; the spot welding equipment 3000 is arranged adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment 2000 and is used for performing nickel sheet spot welding on the battery cell loaded with the nickel sheets by the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment 2000 to complete the production of the front section of the lithium battery. The utility model discloses lithium cell anterior segment automation line mainly comprises multi-functional all-in-one 1000, automatic nickel sheet loading equipment 2000 and spot welding equipment 3000, and its unit equipment is few, and area is few; the whole production line can finish the operations of putting the battery core into the bracket, automatically loading the nickel sheet, spot welding and the like only by one operator, and has high automation degree.
Referring to fig. 2 to 17, in a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, the multifunctional all-in-one machine 1000 includes a first machine box 1100, the top of the first machine box 1100 is a first workbench 1110, the first workbench 1110 is provided with a whole-box cell feeding assembly line 1200, the whole-box cell feeding assembly line 1200 is located at the front portion of the first workbench 1110, one end of the whole-box cell feeding assembly line 1200 is provided with a single cell transmission assembly line 1300 vertically distributed with the whole-box cell feeding assembly line 1200, the single cell transmission assembly line 1300 is provided with a cell feeding mechanism 1310, a highland barley punching paper mechanism 1320, a cell code scanning mechanism 1330 and a testing mechanism 1340 in sequence from the end located at the whole-box cell feeding assembly line 1200, the rear portion of the whole-box cell feeding assembly line 1200 is provided with a bracket mounting module 1400 and a cell storage channel 1600 in sequence, the cell storage channel 1600 is provided with a cell picking and placing module 1500 above the cell storage channel 1600, the utility model discloses a support structure, including electric core, support mechanism 1420, electric core, jig backward flow assembly line 1900, the outside that electric core got to put is equipped with electric core income support mechanism 1420 and is equipped with electric core income mounting module 1400 between material module 1500 and electric core storage channel 1600, the place ahead that electric core goes into support mechanism 1420 is equipped with support mounting module 1400, the below that electric core goes into support mechanism 1420 is equipped with tool backward flow assembly line 1900, the outside that electric core goes into support mechanism 1420 is equipped with radium carving mechanism 1700 that carries out radium carving to the product and carries out. Multifunctional integrated machine 1000 collects the material loading, dash and paste the highland barley paper, sweep the sign indicating number, the test, the material loading, the storage, go into the support, radium carving and support lock screw are as an organic whole, the quantity of the lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line standalone equipment that significantly reduces, effectively reduce equipment occupation of land space and area, greatly reduced the equipment purchase cost, make the production line at the material loading, dash the highland barley paper, sweep the sign indicating number, the test, the material loading, the storage, go into the support, radium carving and only one operation personnel operation of support lock screw process can accomplish, the human cost has significantly reduced. The multifunctional all-in-one machine 1000 is arranged in a whole box electric core feeding assembly line 1200 positioned in front and a single electric core transmission assembly line 1300 positioned at the left side and vertically distributed with the whole box electric core feeding assembly line 1200, an electric core feeding mechanism 1310 is arranged at the intersection end of the whole box electric core feeding assembly line 1200 and the single electric core transmission assembly line 1300, an electric core transmitted by the whole box electric core feeding assembly line 1200 is transferred to the single electric core transmission assembly line 1300, the electric core is transmitted forwards by the single electric core transmission assembly line 1300, a punching highland barley paper mechanism 1320, an electric core code scanning mechanism 1330 and a testing mechanism 1340 are sequentially arranged on the single electric core transmission assembly line 1300 and are respectively used for punching highland barley paper, scanning codes and performing grading test on the in-place electric core; the method comprises the steps that a support mounting module 1400 and a battery cell storage channel 1600 are arranged behind a whole box battery cell feeding assembly line 1200, a battery cell support entering mechanism 1420 and a battery cell support taking and placing module 1500 are sequentially arranged above the battery cell storage channel 1600, a laser etching mechanism 1700 and a screw locking mechanism 1800 are arranged outside the battery cell support entering mechanism 1420, after a battery cell on a single battery cell transmission assembly line 1300 is subjected to punching highland barley paper, code scanning and grading tests, the battery cell support taking and placing module 1500 transfers the battery cell into the battery cell storage channel 1600 below, after the battery cell in the battery cell storage channel 1600 is full, the battery cell support taking and placing module 1500 transfers the battery cell to the battery cell support entering mechanism 1420, before the battery cell enters a support, a lower support is mounted on a jig backflow assembly line 1900 through the support mounting module 1400, after the battery cell enters the support, an upper support is covered on the battery cell through the support mounting module 1400, and finally the jig backflow assembly line 1900 continues to convey the battery cell to the laser etching mechanism, And a screw locking station, wherein the laser etching mechanism 1700 is used for performing laser etching operation on the battery cell, the screw locking mechanism 1800 is used for locking screws on the upper support and the lower support, and a product after the screw locking enters the next equipment for material transfer. The multifunctional all-in-one machine 1000 is compact in structure, reasonable in distribution and small in occupied space, and greatly improves the utilization rate of a field.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, according to a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, the cell feeding mechanism 1310 includes a cell feeding mechanism 1311, a lower mounting plate 1312 and an upper moving plate 1313 are disposed on the cell feeding mechanism 1311, the lower mounting plate 1312 is disposed above the entire cell feeding assembly line 1200, a single cell transmission assembly line 1300 is mounted on the lower mounting plate 1312, a material feeding in-place sensor 13121 is disposed outside the single cell transmission assembly line 1300 on the lower mounting plate 1312, the upper moving plate 1313 is slidably connected to two guide posts 13132 disposed at the top through a sliding seat 13131, the upper moving plate 1313 is connected to a cell transverse moving cylinder 13133, a cell material taking upper and lower cylinder 13134 is mounted on the upper moving plate 1313, an output end of the cell material taking upper and lower cylinder 13134 is connected to a cell material taking execution end 13135, and drives the cell material taking execution end 13135 to move downwards to a position above the cell to take material, after the material taking is finished, the battery core material taking upper and lower air cylinder 13134 retracts, and the battery core material taking execution end 13135 drives the battery core attracted to the magnet to ascend to the transverse moving position; cell sideslip cylinder 13133 withdrawal drives the cell on the cell material taking execution end 13135 along the material loading of cell material loading guide block 314, demagnetizes the cell through cell demagnetizing baffle 315, and carries out the cell by single whole box cell material feeding assembly line 1200 to the cell material loading to single whole box cell material feeding assembly line 1200.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the utility model discloses a non-limiting embodiment, material is got to electric core and is equipped with the material loading displacement cylinder 13136 that is used for adjusting adjacent electric core and gets material execution end 13135 interval at electric core and get material execution end 13135 top, and the setting of material loading displacement cylinder 13136 is used for adapting to different model electricity cores, like common 18650 electricity cores and 211700 electricity cores.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, in a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, a material pressing cylinder 13122 is disposed on the lower mounting plate 1312, and after the material feeding sensor 13121 senses that the battery cell is in place, the material pressing cylinder 13122 is started to press down the battery cell, so as to prevent the knife clip from being taken out during material feeding.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, 7 and 8, according to a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, the battery cell taking and placing module 1500 includes a taking and placing module rack 1510, one side of the taking and placing module rack 1510 is provided with a discharging mechanism for mechanically transferring a battery cell storage channel 1600 for transporting a previous process, the other side of the taking and placing module rack is provided with a taking mechanism for transferring a battery cell 1420, which is fully stored on the battery cell storage channel 1600 and is located on a battery pack storage channel, to a battery cell support mechanism, the discharging mechanism includes a discharging moving module 1520 installed on the taking and placing module rack 1510 and a discharging executing mechanism 1530 installed on the discharging moving module 1520, the taking mechanism includes a taking moving module 1540 installed on the taking and placing module rack 1510 and a taking executing mechanism 1550 installed on the taking moving module 1540, the discharging executing mechanism 1530 and the taking executing mechanism 1550 are alternately distributed at two ends of the taking and placing module rack 1510, and moves along the blanking moving module 1520 and the material taking moving module 1540, respectively. The battery cell taking and placing module 1500 is respectively provided with the discharging mechanism and the material taking mechanism at two sides of the same taking and placing module frame 1510, the discharging executing mechanism 1530 and the material taking executing mechanism 1550 on the discharging mechanism and the material taking mechanism are distributed at two ends of the taking and placing module frame 1510 in a staggered manner, the discharging mechanism and the material taking mechanism are better centralized on the same taking and placing module frame 1510, the overall structure is effectively simplified, the cost is saved, and the spot space of the battery cell taking and placing module 1500 is reduced. The blanking mechanism is used for grabbing and transferring the electric core subjected to the grading test in the previous process to a corresponding gear channel on the storage channel, and after the electric core in the same gear channel is filled with the electric core, the electric core in the gear channel filled with the electric core is grabbed and transferred to the support entering mechanism by the material fetching mechanism to carry out electric core support entering.
Referring to fig. 1-4, 7-9, a non-limiting embodiment of the utility model, the unloading removes module 1520 and gets the structure constitution that removes module 1540 the same, all includes driving piece 1521 and belt formula transmission structure, driving piece 1521 drive belt formula transmission structure motion, belt formula transmission structure includes transmission belt 1522, be equipped with execution end mounting panel 1524 on the transmission belt 1522. Unloading removes module 1520 and gets material and removes module 1540 and all adopt belt formula transmission structure to drive execution end mounting panel 1524, and belt formula transmission structure transmits stably. The driving part 1521 is a motor, the driving precision of the motor is high, the transmission of the belt is stable, and the execution end mounting plate 1524 mounted on the belt drives the execution end to move together with the belt.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, 7 to 9, a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, two sides of the material taking and placing module frame 1510 are respectively provided with two parallel distributed guide rails 1523, the two guide rails 1523 of the same side are respectively located above and below the transmission belt 1522, the execution end mounting plate 1524 is connected with the guide rails 1523 through sliding blocks, and the transmission and the movement are stable.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, 7, 10 and 11, the present invention provides a non-limiting embodiment, the blanking actuator 1530 includes a blanking mounting frame 1531, the blanking mounting frame 1531 includes a blanking upper mounting plate 15312 and a blanking lower mounting plate 15314, the blanking upper mounting plate 15312 and the blanking lower mounting plate 15314 are connected by a blanking column 15315, a blanking distance adjuster 15313 is sleeved on the blanking column 15315 between the blanking upper mounting plate 15312 and the blanking lower mounting plate 15314, one end of the blanking upper mounting plate 15312 is connected to a blanking riser, the blanking riser is mounted on the actuating end mounting plate 1524 on the blanking mobile module 1520 side, and the blanking distance adjuster 15313 is configured to adjust the distance between the blanking lower mounting plate 15314 and the blanking upper mounting plate 15312, so as to make the application of the blanking actuator 1530 more convenient and flexible.
Referring to fig. 1-4, 7, 10 and 11, in a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, an unloading upper and lower cylinder 1532 is installed on an unloading upper and lower mounting plate 15312, an output end of the unloading upper and lower cylinder 1532 is connected to an unloading lower mounting plate 15314, an unloading actuating end 1533 is provided below the unloading lower mounting plate 15314, an unloading angle cylinder 1534 is provided on the unloading lower mounting plate 15314, and an output end of the unloading angle cylinder 1534 is connected to the unloading actuating end 1533. The setting of unloading upper and lower cylinder 1532 is used for adjusting the upper and lower height of unloading execution end 1533 to suitable position, and the setting of unloading angle cylinder 1534 is used for adjusting the angle of unloading execution end 1533. During operation, the upper and lower blanking cylinders 1532 extend out, the blanking execution end 1533 is controlled to move downwards to reach the upper part of the upper core, the blanking execution end 1533 is started, the electrical core is sucked by the blanking execution end 1533, then the upper and lower blanking cylinders 1532 retract, the blanking angle cylinder 1534 extends out, the angle of the blanking execution end 1533 is adjusted, the blanking execution end 1533 is parallel to the material storage channel, the upper and lower blanking cylinders 1532 extend out, the blanking execution end 1533 demagnetizes, and the sucked electrical core is sent to the corresponding gear channel on the material storage channel.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, 7, 10 and 11, in a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, the blanking executing end 1533 includes a blanking executing frame 15331 and a blanking limiting member 15332, the blanking executing frame 15331 has a blanking cylinder 15333 on the upper portion thereof, the blanking executing frame 15331 has a blanking limiting member 15332 at the bottom thereof, the blanking limiting member 15332 has a V-shaped limiting groove 153321 at the bottom thereof, the blanking limiting member 15332 has a blanking executing member 15334 thereon, the blanking executing member 15334 is connected to the blanking cylinder 15333, the blanking executing member 15334 is a magnetic type executing member, and in operation, the blanking cylinder 15333 controls the blanking executing member 15334 to move down to the top of the electrical core, and the blanking executing member 15334 magnetically attracts the electrical core to the V-shaped limiting groove 153321 inside the blanking limiting member 15332.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, 7, 10 and 11, the utility model relates to a non-limiting embodiment, both sides are equipped with demagnetization baffle 15335 respectively around unloading executor 15334, and demagnetization baffle 15335's setting when unloading execution end 1533 transfers electric core to storage channel top, under the effect that demagnetization baffle 15335 blockked, breaks away from the certain distance of magnet, when suction is unsatisfied to overcome electric core dead weight, unloading execution end 1533 sends electric core to the corresponding gear channel of storage channel in, accomplishes the blowing process.
Referring to fig. 1-4, fig. 8, fig. 12 and fig. 13, the utility model relates to a non-limiting embodiment, it includes gets material mounting bracket 1551 to get material actuating mechanism 1550, get material mounting bracket 1551 including getting material upper mounting panel 15512 and get material lower mounting panel 15514, get material upper mounting panel 15512 and get material lower mounting panel 15514 and connect through getting material stand 15515, get material upper mounting panel 15512 and get material down and expect that the cover is equipped with on the material stand 15515 between mounting panel 15514 is got material distance adjusting part 15513, get the one end of material upper mounting panel 15512 and get material riser 15511 and be connected, get material riser 15511 and install on the execution end mounting panel 1524 of unloading removal module 1520 side, get the overall structure and the theory of operation of actuating mechanism 1550 and the overall structure and the theory of operation of unloading actuating mechanism 1530 and be the same, and not repeated here.
Referring to fig. 1-4, fig. 8, fig. 12 and fig. 13, the utility model relates to a non-limiting embodiment, it gets material upper and lower cylinder 1552 to install on the material upper mounting panel 15512, get material upper and lower cylinder 1552's output and get material lower mounting panel 15514 and be connected, it is equipped with and gets material execution end 1553 to get material lower mounting panel 15514 below, it is equipped with on the mounting panel 15514 and gets material angle cylinder 1554 to get material lower mounting panel, the output of getting material angle cylinder 1554 with get material execution end 1553 and be connected.
Referring to fig. 1-4, 8, 12 and 13, a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, get material execution end 1553 including getting material execution frame 15531 and getting material variable pitch execution end 15532, get material variable pitch execution end 15532 including variable pitch frame 155321, become material variable pitch cylinder 155322 is installed on variable pitch frame 155321 upper portion, be equipped with variable pitch sliding block 155323 in variable pitch frame 155321, the below of variable pitch sliding block 155323 is equipped with grabs material execution end 155324. The material taking execution end 1553 is provided with a material taking variable-pitch execution end 15532 for realizing material taking and transferring suitable for electric cores of different specifications. The structure and principle of the material grabbing actuating end 155324 are the same as those of the magnetic material sucking and discharging structure and principle of the discharging actuating end 1533, and are not described herein.
Referring to fig. 1-4, 14 and 15, the utility model discloses a non-limiting embodiment, support installation module 1400 includes mount 1430, be equipped with the X axle on mount 1430 and remove module 1440, be equipped with on the X axle removes the Y axle that the module 1440 was removed along the X axle and removes module 1450, be equipped with on the Y axle removes the Z axle that the module 1450 was removed along the Y axle and removes module 1460, be equipped with on the Z axle removes module 1460 and follow the upper bracket clamping piece 1461 and the lower carriage clamping piece 1462 that the Z axle reciprocated, upper bracket clamping piece 1461 and lower carriage clamping piece 1462 are cylinder drive clamping jaw structure.
Referring to fig. 1-4, 16 and 17, a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, a support assembly line 1410 is further disposed on the first working platform 1110, the support assembly line 1410 is located outside the rack-mounted module 1400, including an upper support assembly line 1411 and a lower support assembly line 1412, the end of the lower support assembly line 1412 is provided with a support overturning positioning mechanism 1413, the support overturning positioning mechanism 1413 is an overturning cylinder with a clamping jaw, and is used for overturning, adjusting and positioning the upper support conveyed on the upper support assembly line 1411, and a jig backflow assembly line 1900 is disposed between the support assembly line 1410 and the electric core entering support mechanism 1420.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, 16 and 17, in a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, the jig reflow line 1900 includes an upper wire body 1910 for conveying jigs to each processing station and a lower wire body 1920 for jig reflow, a descending cylinder 1930 for moving the jigs to the lower wire body 1920 is disposed at the bottom of the output end of the upper wire body 1910, a rising cylinder 1940 for moving the jigs to the upper wire body 1910 is disposed at the bottom of the reflow end of the lower wire body 1920, a pushing cylinder 1950 for pushing the jigs onto the upper wire body 1910 is disposed at the outside of the reflow end of the lower wire body 1920, a lower bracket mounting station 1960, an upper bracket mounting station 1970, a laser engraving station 1980 and a screw locking station 1990 are disposed on the upper wire body 1910, the jig reflow line 1900 is used for conveying and reflowing the jigs through the upper wire body 1910 and the lower wire body, when the jig 1910 is conveyed to the lower bracket mounting station 1960 by the upper wire body 1910, the lower support clamping piece 1462 on the support mounting module 1400 is started to clamp the lower support conveyed in place on the lower support assembly line 1412 and move the lower support to a lower support mounting station 1960, then the battery cell taking module 1500 is started to move the battery cell filled in the storage channel to a battery cell blanking channel on the battery cell entering support mechanism 1420, so that the battery cell enters the lower support, then the jig return assembly line 1900 continues to forward convey the jig provided with the lower support and the battery cell to the upper support mounting station 1970, at this time, the upper support clamping piece 1461 in the support mounting module 1420 is started to clamp the upper support conveyed in place on the upper support assembly line 1411 and move the upper support to the upper support mounting station 1970, the upper support is covered on the battery cell, then the jig return assembly line 1900 continues to forward convey the battery cell after being conveyed to the battery cell engraving station 1980, and the radium engraving mechanism 1700 located outside the battery cell engraving station 1980 performs radium engraving action on the battery cell, after the laser etching is completed, the jig reflow line 1900 continues to be conveyed forward to the screw locking station 1990, the screw locking mechanism 1800 located outside the screw locking station 1990 performs screw locking actions on the upper support and the lower support, and after the screws are locked on the upper support and the lower support, the jig reflow line 1900 continues to be conveyed forward to the next equipment for material transfer.
Referring to fig. 1 to 16, the utility model relates to a working process and principle of multifunctional all-in-one machine:
firstly, starting the whole box battery cell feeding assembly line 1200, manually placing the whole box battery cell on the whole box battery cell feeding assembly line 1200, and conveying the battery cell to the battery cell feeding mechanism 1310 of the next station by the whole box battery cell feeding assembly line 1200;
the cell feeding mechanism 1310 sucks and transfers the cells on the whole box cell feeding assembly line 1200 in rows to a single cell transmission assembly line 1300 for single cell transmission, and the single cell transmission assembly line 1300 forwards and sequentially transmits each single cell to the highland barley paper punching mechanism 320, the cell code scanning mechanism 330 and the testing mechanism 340; the highland barley paper punching mechanism 320 performs highland barley paper punching on the in-place battery cell, and after the highland barley paper is punched, the single battery cell transmission assembly line 1300 continues to transmit the battery cell to the next station battery cell code scanning mechanism 330; the cell code scanning mechanism 330 scans a plurality of in-place cells simultaneously, and then the single cell transmission assembly line 1300 continuously transmits the cells forward to the next station testing mechanism 340; the testing mechanism 340 is used for performing grading testing on the in-place electric cores, 10 electric cores are tested in each group, and after 10 electric cores are tested, the electric core taking and placing module 1500 acts on the next station;
the battery cell taking and placing module 1500 absorbs the tested battery cells, performs gear grouping on the battery cells, transfers the battery cells to corresponding channels on the battery cell storage channel 1600, and after the battery cells in the corresponding channels are filled, the battery cell taking and placing module 1500 absorbs the battery cells filled in the battery cell storage channel 1600 and transfers the battery cells to the battery cell support mechanism 1420;
before a battery cell enters a support, the support is clamped and taken down from a lower support assembly line 1412 by a support mounting module 1400 and is mounted on a jig backflow assembly line 1900, after the battery cell enters the support, the battery cell entering the support is moved to an upper support mounting station 1970 by the jig backflow assembly line 1900, at the moment, the support mounting module 1400 clamps an upper support from an upper support assembly line 1411 and covers the upper support on the battery cell, the battery cell is continuously conveyed forwards to a laser etching and screw locking station 1990 by the jig backflow assembly line 1900, the laser etching operation is respectively carried out on the battery cell by a laser etching mechanism 1700, the screws of the upper support and the lower support are locked by a screw locking mechanism 1800, and a product after the screws are locked enters an automatic nickel plate loading device to carry out material transfer.
Referring to fig. 1, 18 and 19, the utility model discloses a non-limiting embodiment, automatic dress nickel piece equipment 2000 includes second quick-witted case 2100, the top of second machine case 2100 is second workstation 2110, the one end that is adjacent with multifunctional integrated machine 1000 on the second workstation 2110 is equipped with dress nickel piece unloading manipulator 2200, spot welding tool elevating system 2300's material transfer mechanism hand 2400 in the past after to in proper order, the one end middle part of keeping away from multifunctional integrated machine 1000 of second workstation 2110 is equipped with spot welding tool assembly line 2700, both sides are equipped with first dress nickel piece mechanism 2500 and second dress nickel piece mechanism 2600 respectively around spot welding tool assembly line 2700, be equipped with backward flow assembly line 2800 under the spot welding tool corresponding with spot welding tool assembly line 2700 in second machine case 2100.
Referring to fig. 1, 18 and 19, the operation and principle of the automatic nickel sheet loading device 2000 are as follows:
firstly, the spot welding jig lifting mechanism 2300 in the automatic nickel sheet loading device 2000 conveys a reflow jig on a spot welding jig lower reflow production line 2800 to the top for waiting, the nickel sheet loading and unloading manipulator 2200 is started to transfer a battery pack at the output end of the multifunctional all-in-one machine 1000 to a spot welding jig on a spot welding jig production line 2700, the spot welding jig production line 2700 upwards conveys the spot welding jig provided with the battery pack, meanwhile, the first nickel sheet loading mechanism 2500 and the second nickel sheet loading mechanism 2600 on the front side and the rear side of the spot welding jig production line 2700 are started to automatically install nickel sheets of left and right hinges of the spot welding jig, and then the spot welding jig is continuously conveyed forwards to the next device, namely the spot welding device 3000, by the spot welding.
Referring to fig. 1, 20 and 21, according to a non-limiting embodiment of the present invention, the spot welding apparatus 3000 includes a third housing 3100, the top of the third housing 3100 is a third table 3110, a spot welding jig upper streamline 3200 is disposed on the third table 3110, the spot welding jig upper streamline 3200 is disposed corresponding to a spot welding jig streamline 2700 in the automatic nickel sheet installation 2000, so that a spot welding jig with a battery pack is transported forward from the spot welding jig streamline 2700 to the spot welding jig upper streamline 3200, a first spot welding station 3210, a second spot welding station 3220, a third spot welding station 3230, a fourth spot welding station 3240 and a fifth spot welding station 3250 are sequentially disposed on the spot welding jig upper streamline 3200 from one end adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet installation 2000 to the other end, a first spot welding jig overturning mechanism 3300 is disposed on the front side of the first spot welding station 3210, a second spot welding jig overturning mechanism 3400 is disposed on the front side of the third spot welding station 3230, the front side of fourth spot welder position 3240 is equipped with third spot welding tool tilting mechanism 3500, the rear side of spot welding tool upper assembly line 3200 is equipped with spot welding module 3600 and spot welding unloading manipulator 3700, the output of spot welding tool upper assembly line 3200 is equipped with tool backward flow elevating system 3800, be equipped with in third machine case 3100 with spot welding tool upper assembly line 3200 matched with spot welding tool lower assembly line 3900.
Referring to fig. 1, 20 and 21, the working process and principle of the spot welding apparatus 3000:
when the battery pack is conveyed forwards to a first spot welding station 3210 on a spot welding tool upper streamline 3200 on the spot welding equipment 3000 by a spot welding tool assembly line 2700 on the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment 2000, the first spot welding tool overturning mechanism 3300 positioned outside the first spot welding station 3210 is started to overturn the tool anticlockwise by 90 degrees, the tool continuously moves forwards to a second spot welding station 3220 on the spot welding tool upper streamline 3200, at the moment, a spot welding module 3600 is started to perform nickel sheet spot welding on the battery pack, after the nickel sheet spot welding is completed, the tool drives the battery pack to continuously move forwards to a third spot welding station 3230 along the spot welding tool upper streamline 3200, at the moment, the second spot welding tool overturning mechanism 3400 positioned outside the third spot welding station 3230 is started to overturn the tool and the battery pack clockwise by 180 degrees, at the moment, the spot welding module 3600 is started again to perform nickel sheet spot welding on the other side of the battery pack, after the spot welding is accomplished, the battery package is along spot welding tool upper strata waterline 3200 continuous forward movement to fourth spot welder position 3240 department along the tool, carry out anticlockwise 90 degrees upsets to the spot welding tool by third spot welding tool tilting mechanism 3500 that is located the fourth spot welder position 3240 outside this moment, and the hinge of spot welding tool is opened in this fourth spot welder position 3240 department, the spot welding tool drives the battery package and continues forward movement to fifth spot welder position 3250 department along spot welding tool upper strata waterline 3200 together, carry out the unloading back by spot welding unloading manipulator 3700, again by tool backward flow elevating system 3800 to the spot welding tool that is located spot welding tool upper strata waterline 3200 forward spot welding tool lower floor assembly 3900 and flow backward.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms such as "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly and may, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
The above embodiments are only specific embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, many variations and modifications are possible without departing from the inventive concept, and such obvious alternatives fall within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a lithium cell anterior segment automatic production line which characterized in that: the device comprises a multifunctional all-in-one machine, an automatic nickel sheet loading device and a spot welding device which are sequentially arranged from one side to the other side, wherein the multifunctional all-in-one machine is used for conveying, loading, punching highland barley paper, scanning codes, testing and grading the battery cell, and mounting the graded battery cell into a lower support; the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment is arranged adjacent to the multifunctional all-in-one machine and is used for transferring the battery cell installed into the support by the multifunctional all-in-one machine into the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment for loading nickel sheets; the spot welding equipment is adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment and is used for carrying out nickel sheet spot welding on the battery cell loaded with the nickel sheets by the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment to complete the production of the front section of the lithium battery.
2. The automatic production line of the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that the multifunctional all-in-one machine comprises a first machine box, the top of the first machine box is provided with a first workbench, the first workbench is provided with a whole box electric core feeding assembly line, the whole box electric core feeding assembly line is positioned in front of the first workbench, one end of the whole box electric core feeding assembly line is provided with a single electric core transmission assembly line which is vertically distributed with the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, a single electric core feeding mechanism, a die-cut highland barley paper mechanism, an electric core code scanning mechanism and a testing mechanism are sequentially arranged on the single electric core transmission assembly line from one end of the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, a bracket mounting module and an electric core storage channel are sequentially arranged behind the whole box electric core feeding assembly line, an electric core taking and placing module is arranged above the electric core storage channel, and an electric core entering bracket mechanism is arranged between the electric core, the place ahead that the gimbal mechanism was gone into to electric core is equipped with the support mounting module, the below that the gimbal mechanism was gone into to electric core is equipped with tool backward flow assembly line, the outside that the gimbal mechanism was gone into to electric core is equipped with the radium carving mechanism that carries out radium carving to the product and carries out the lock screw mechanism of lock screw to the support.
3. The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in claim 2, wherein the cell feeding mechanism comprises a cell feeding mechanism framework, a lower-layer mounting plate and an upper-layer moving plate are arranged on the cell feeding mechanism framework, the lower-layer mounting plate is positioned above the whole cell feeding assembly line, a single cell transmission assembly line is arranged on the lower-layer mounting plate, a material feeding in-place sensor is arranged outside the single cell transmission assembly line on the lower-layer mounting plate, the upper-layer moving plate is slidably connected with two guide pillars positioned at the top through a sliding seat, the upper-layer moving plate is connected with a cell transverse moving cylinder, a cell material taking upper-lower cylinder is arranged on the upper-layer moving plate, and the output end of the cell material taking upper-lower cylinder is connected with a; the battery core is got material execution end top and is equipped with the material loading displacement cylinder that is used for adjusting adjacent material execution end interval of getting, be equipped with the material cylinder of pressing on the mounting panel of lower floor.
4. The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in claim 3, wherein the cell picking and placing module comprises a picking and placing module rack, a blanking mechanism used for transferring the battery cell on the battery cell storage channel mechanism which is transmitted in the previous working procedure is arranged on one side of the material taking and placing module frame, a material taking mechanism used for transferring the battery cell on the storage channel which is full of a battery pack on the storage channel mechanism to the frame entering mechanism is arranged on the other side of the material taking and placing module frame, the blanking mechanism comprises a blanking moving module arranged on the material taking and placing module frame and a blanking actuating mechanism arranged on the blanking moving module, the material taking mechanism comprises a material taking moving module arranged on the material taking and placing module frame and a material taking executing mechanism arranged on the material taking moving module, the blanking actuating mechanisms and the taking actuating mechanisms are distributed at two ends of the material taking and placing module frame in a staggered manner and respectively move along the blanking moving module and the taking moving module; the two sides of the material taking and placing module frame are respectively provided with two guide rails which are distributed in parallel, the two guide rails on the same side are respectively positioned above and below the conveying belt, and the execution end mounting plate is connected with the guide rails in a sliding mode through sliding blocks.
5. The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in claim 4, wherein the blanking execution mechanism comprises a blanking mounting frame, the blanking mounting frame comprises a blanking upper mounting plate and a blanking lower mounting plate, the blanking upper mounting plate and the blanking lower mounting plate are connected through a blanking stand column, a blanking distance adjusting piece is sleeved on the blanking stand column between the blanking upper mounting plate and the blanking lower mounting plate, one end of the blanking upper mounting plate is connected with a blanking vertical plate, and the blanking vertical plate is mounted on an execution end mounting plate at the side of the blanking moving module; the blanking device comprises a blanking upper mounting plate, a blanking lower mounting plate, a blanking angle cylinder and a blanking angle cylinder, wherein the blanking upper mounting plate is provided with the blanking upper and lower cylinders; the material taking executing mechanism comprises a material taking mounting frame, the material taking mounting frame comprises a material taking upper mounting plate and a material taking lower mounting plate, the material taking upper mounting plate and the material taking lower mounting plate are connected through a material taking upright post, a material taking distance adjusting piece is sleeved on the material taking upright post between the material taking upper mounting plate and the material taking lower mounting plate, one end of the material taking upper mounting plate is connected with a material taking vertical plate, and the material taking vertical plate is mounted on an executing end mounting plate on the blanking moving module side; the material taking device comprises a material taking upper mounting plate, a material taking lower mounting plate, a material taking angle cylinder and a material taking angle cylinder, wherein the material taking upper mounting plate is provided with the material taking upper and lower cylinders; the material taking and implementing end comprises a material taking and implementing frame and a material taking and pitch varying and implementing end, the material taking and pitch varying and implementing end comprises a pitch varying frame, a material taking and pitch varying cylinder is installed on the upper portion of the pitch varying frame, a pitch varying sliding block is arranged in the pitch varying frame, and a material grabbing and implementing end is arranged below the pitch varying sliding block.
6. The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in claim 5, wherein the support mounting module comprises a fixed frame, an X-axis moving module is arranged on the fixed frame, a Y-axis moving module moving along the X-axis is arranged on the X-axis moving module, a Z-axis moving module moving along the Y-axis is arranged on the Y-axis moving module, and an upper support clamping piece and a lower support clamping piece moving up and down along the Z-axis are arranged on the Z-axis moving module.
7. The automatic production line for the front sections of lithium batteries according to claim 6, wherein a support assembly line is further arranged on the first workbench, the support assembly line is located outside the support mounting module and comprises an upper support assembly line and a lower support assembly line, a support overturning and positioning mechanism is arranged at an end of the lower support assembly line and used for overturning, adjusting and positioning the upper support conveyed on the upper support assembly line, and a jig backflow assembly line is arranged between the support assembly line and the battery cell support entering mechanism.
8. The automatic production line for the front section of lithium batteries of claim 7, wherein the jig backflow production line comprises an upper line body for conveying jigs to each processing station and a lower line body for jig backflow, a descending cylinder for moving jigs to the lower line body is arranged at the bottom of the output end of the upper line body, an ascending cylinder for moving jigs to the upper line body is arranged at the bottom of the backflow end of the lower line body, a pushing cylinder for pushing jigs to the upper line body is arranged at the outer side of the backflow end of the lower line body, and a lower support mounting station, an upper support mounting station and laser engraving and screw locking stations are arranged on the upper line body.
9. The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the automatic nickel sheet loading device comprises a second case, a second workbench is arranged at the top of the second case, a material transfer mechanism hand for loading a nickel sheet blanking manipulator and a spot welding jig lifting mechanism is sequentially arranged at one end of the second workbench adjacent to the multifunctional all-in-one machine from front to back, a spot welding jig assembly line is arranged in the middle of one end of the second workbench far away from the multifunctional all-in-one machine, a first nickel sheet loading mechanism and a second nickel sheet loading mechanism are respectively arranged at the front side and the back side of the spot welding jig assembly line, and a spot welding jig lower backflow assembly line corresponding to the spot welding jig assembly line is arranged in the second case.
10. The automatic production line for the front section of the lithium battery as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the spot welding equipment comprises a third case, the top of the third case is a third workbench, a spot welding fixture upper layer flow line is arranged on the third workbench, a first spot welding station, a second spot welding station, a third spot welding station, a fourth spot welding station and a fifth spot welding station are sequentially arranged on the spot welding fixture upper layer flow line from one end adjacent to the automatic nickel sheet loading equipment to the other end, a first spot welding fixture turnover mechanism is arranged on the front side of the first spot welding station, a second spot welding fixture turnover mechanism is arranged on the front side of the third spot welding station, a third spot welding fixture turnover mechanism is arranged on the front side of the fourth spot welding station, a spot welding module and a spot welding blanking manipulator are arranged on the rear side of the spot welding fixture upper layer flow line, the output end of the spot welding jig upper layer assembly line is provided with a jig backflow lifting mechanism, and a spot welding jig lower layer assembly line matched with the spot welding jig upper layer assembly line is arranged in the third machine case.
CN202020825087.7U 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery Active CN212230544U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020825087.7U CN212230544U (en) 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020825087.7U CN212230544U (en) 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212230544U true CN212230544U (en) 2020-12-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020825087.7U Active CN212230544U (en) 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 Automatic production line for front section of lithium battery

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Country Link
CN (1) CN212230544U (en)

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