CN212212606U - Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts - Google Patents

Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212212606U
CN212212606U CN202020446886.3U CN202020446886U CN212212606U CN 212212606 U CN212212606 U CN 212212606U CN 202020446886 U CN202020446886 U CN 202020446886U CN 212212606 U CN212212606 U CN 212212606U
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China
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groove
peeling roller
pipe
side wall
feed
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CN202020446886.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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胡峰
胡明铭
姜家泰
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Yunnan Disi Enterprise Group Nut Co ltd
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Yunnan Disi Enterprise Group Nut Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a processing production line for improving the quality of macadamia nuts, which comprises a storage device, a green seedcase removing device, a screening device, a drying device and a packaging device, wherein the storage device is connected with the green case removing device through a hoisting machine, a discharge port of the green case removing device is connected with the screening device through a slide way, and the screening device is connected with the drying device through a conveyor belt; the drying device is connected with the packaging device through a conveying belt; according to the production line, the storage device, the green husk removing device, the screening device, the drying device and the packaging device are automatically transformed in a connecting line mode, and finally, macadimia nuts are graded through different selections of all steps to obtain finished products with good quality.

Description

Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a production line equipment technical field, concretely relates to promote processing lines of macadamia nut quality.
Background
Is a tree-grown nut native to Australia, belongs to the field of Syngnathus ophthalmology, belongs to the plant, is evergreen Hawaii nut arbor, and is known as the king of dried fruit. The macadimia nuts are rich in nutrition, have the oil content of 70-79%, are particularly characterized by being rich in unsaturated fatty acids, mainly contain oleic acid and palmitic acid, have the ratio of the unsaturated fatty acids to the saturated fatty acids of the seeds of the macadimia nuts of the light shell variety of 6.2, have the coarse shell variety of 4.8, contain 9% of protein, and also contain rich calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B1, B2 and 8 amino acids necessary for a human body. Macadamia nut is crisp, tender and delicious, has unique cream fragrance, is edible nut with better quality in the world, is vegetarian with the names of 'dried nut queen' and 'world nut king', and has better flavor and mouthfeel than cashew nuts. The macadimia nuts have good market prospect and good ecological and economic benefits, and are edible nuts with high oil content, rich nutrition and unique flavor.
The nut can eat raw, also can eat after drying, the taste differs, in the course of working of nut, unified nut of picking is not of uniform size, full degree is also different, the quality of processing and packing after unified in the course of working also mixes differently, this poplar harms the benefit, and, the nut of different quality, the taste is also different, present processing mode is unified mostly to be collected the nut and to dry after shelling then packing and sell, select some bigger play through the manual work when necessary and pack, waste labour like this, also damaged its quality.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a promote processing lines of australia nut quality for the nut to different qualities is handled in each production link, thereby promotes its final off-the-shelf quality.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a processing production line for improving the quality of macadimia nuts comprises a storage device, a green seedcase removing device, a screening device, a drying device and a packaging device, wherein the storage device is connected with the green seedcase removing device through a lifting machine, a discharge port of the green seedcase removing device is connected with the screening device through a slide way, and the screening device is connected with the drying device through a conveying belt; the drying device is connected with the packaging device through a conveying belt; the storage device comprises a storage bin, a bin chamber, a discharging bin, a discharging port, a discharging filter screen, a discharging hopper, a discharging port, a discharging valve, a lifting conveyor belt and a conveyor belt motor; the upper part of the storage bin is provided with a ventilation window; the ventilating window is provided with two ventilating fans, a bin is arranged in the storage bin, the bottom of the bin is provided with a discharging bin, the connecting part of the discharging bin and the bin is provided with a sealing cover, the discharging bin is internally provided with a stair connection, the upper part of the discharging bin is provided with a discharging port, the opening of the discharging port is higher than the ground of the bin, and a discharging filter screen is arranged on the discharging port; a discharging hopper is arranged at the lower part of the discharging opening, the discharging hopper is in a conical structure arrangement, the discharging hopper is in a hollow arrangement, a discharging opening is arranged at the lower part of the discharging hopper, a lifting conveying belt is arranged below the discharging opening, the lifting conveying belt is connected with a conveying belt motor, and a discharging valve is arranged on the discharging opening; the green husk removing device comprises a machine body, a feed hopper, a feed inlet A, a feed inlet B, a feed inlet C, a feed inlet D, a peeling roller A, a peeling roller B, a peeling roller C, a peeling roller D, a transmission chain, a compression roller, a motor D, a chain fixing plate, a fixing plate bolt, a discharge outlet A, a discharge outlet B, a discharge outlet C, a discharge outlet D, a screening frame, a screen and a storage box; the machine body is provided with a feed hopper; the bottom of the feed hopper is respectively provided with a feed inlet A, a feed inlet B, a feed inlet C and a feed inlet D; the feed inlet A is connected with a peeling roller A; the feed inlet B is connected with a peeling roller B; the feed inlet C is connected with a peeling roller C; the feed inlet D is connected with a peeling roller D; squeezing rollers are arranged at the bottoms of the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D; the top parts of the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D are provided with press rollers; the compression roller is connected with the transmission chain; the transmission chain is fixed on the chain fixing plate, and the chain fixing plate is fixed through a fixing plate bolt; the transmission chain is connected with a motor D; the rear end of the peeling roller A is provided with a discharge hole A; a discharge hole B is formed at the rear end of the peeling roller B; a discharge hole C is formed at the rear end of the peeling roller C; the rear end of the peeling roller D is provided with the peeling roller D; the discharge port B, the discharge port C and the discharge port D are connected with the screening frame; a screen is arranged on the screening frame; the tail end of the screen is provided with a material storage box; the screening device comprises a flotation tank, one end of the flotation tank is connected with an inclined conveying groove, the top of the side wall of the conveying groove is connected with an inclined first feeding groove, a first water pipe is arranged at the top in the conveying groove, and spray heads are uniformly connected to the first water pipe; a first rotating shaft is arranged in the middle of the bottom of the conveying trough and connected with a first motor, a rotating rod is connected to the first rotating shaft, blades are arranged on the rotating rod and attached to the upper side wall and the lower side wall of the conveying trough, and the blades are of a net structure; an inclined second vibrating screen is arranged at the bottom in the flotation tank, a sliding rail is arranged on the side wall of the flotation tank at the upper part of the second vibrating screen, a connecting rod is arranged in the sliding rail, a push plate is arranged in the sliding rail, and the connecting rod is arranged on two sides of the push plate; the connecting rod is connected with the reciprocating motor, and the second vibration net is connected with the second motor; the bottom of the flotation tank is connected with an aeration pipe, the aeration pipe is provided with an explosion hole, the aeration pipe passes through the flotation tank to extend, and the extended aeration pipe is provided with a blower; the upper part and the lower part of the side wall of the flotation tank are both provided with a first output groove and a second output groove in a connected manner, the upper part of the side wall of the flotation tank at the bottom of the second vibrating screen is provided with a third output groove in a connected manner, the first output groove, the second output groove and the third output groove are all arranged into conical net structures, the first output groove is connected with a first output pipe, the second output groove is connected with a second output pipe, and the third output groove is connected with a third output pipe; the drying device comprises a drying bin, the drying bin comprises a main body, the side wall of the top of the main body is connected with a second feeding groove, the second feeding groove is an inclined groove channel with openings at two ends, the top of the second feeding groove is circular, and the top of the second feeding groove is connected with a material box; the bin is cylindrical, a feeding hole is formed in the top of the bin, discharge holes are uniformly formed in the bottom plate of the bin, a second rotating shaft is arranged at the top of the inside of the bin and connected with a motor E, a rotating rod is connected to the second rotating shaft and connected to the rotating rod, and a cushion is arranged on the side wall of each paddle; a fold-line-shaped drying groove is arranged in the main body, the bent part of the drying groove is arranged in an arc shape, and air holes are uniformly formed in the wall of the drying groove; the bottom of the main body 41 is spirally provided with a heating pipe, and the heating pipe is connected with an external power supply.
Further, feed bin bottom is provided with the dust remover down, the dust remover transversely sets up feed bin bottom down, and the dust remover bottom is provided with the water conservancy diversion piece, and the water conservancy diversion piece is convex setting, and the water conservancy diversion piece setting is provided with the dust absorption mouth at dust absorption mouth below dust remover top, is provided with dust removal fan in the dust remover, and dust removal fan connects the dust removal motor that sets up at the dust remover top, and dust removal fan anterior segment is provided with first filter screen and second filter screen respectively, and the dust exhaust pipe is connected at the dust remover rear portion, and the dust exhaust pipe top is provided with the gas vent, and the gas vent sets up at the storage silo.
Further, a waste box is arranged below the extrusion roller; the waste bin is arranged at the bottom of the machine body; the chain fixing plate is arranged in a trapezoidal structure; chain adjusting bolts are arranged at two ends of the chain fixing plate; the chain adjusting bolt is connected with the transmission chain through a spring; the screen is of an inclined structure, and a vibrator is arranged on the screen; a plurality of chain fixing plates are arranged on the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D; the peeling rollers A, B, C and D are arranged in a staggered manner; the transmission chains on the peeling roller B and the peeling roller C are provided with 10 fixed points.
Further, the top of the side wall of the flotation tank is connected with a telescopic rod, the telescopic rod is connected with a third motor, the telescopic rod is connected with a scraper, and the top of the scraper is attached to the top of the flotation tank; the first output pipe is provided with a first control valve, the second output pipe is provided with a second control valve, and the third output pipe is provided with a third control valve; the side wall of the flotation tank is connected with a filter box, the first output groove, the second output groove and the third output groove are all arranged in the filter box, the first output groove, the second output groove and the third output groove are arranged in a net structure, and the height of the filter box is greater than that of the flotation tank; the lower part of the filter box is provided with a filter layer, the filter box is connected with a second water pipe, the filter box is connected with a water tank through the second water pipe, the water tank is connected with a third water pipe, the third water pipe is connected with the first water pipe, the third water pipe is provided with a water pump, and the water pump is connected with a controller; the filter box is connected with a drain pipe, and a fourth control valve is arranged on the drain pipe; the bottom of the water tank is connected with a water inlet pipe, and the water inlet pipe is connected with an external water source; the bottom plate of the flotation cell is obliquely arranged.
Furthermore, the top of the main body is connected with a first air pipe, the first air pipe is uniformly provided with pore channels, and the first air pipe is connected with a second pipeline; a condenser is arranged on the second pipeline, the second pipeline is connected with the buffer tank, the bottom of the side wall of the buffer tank is connected with a drain pipe, a control valve is arranged on the drain pipe 417, a drying layer is arranged in the middle of the buffer tank, the top of the buffer tank is connected with a third air pipe, the third air pipe extends into the main body, small holes are uniformly formed in the extended third air pipe, the third air pipe is connected to the bottom of the side wall of the main body, and an air pump is arranged on the third air pipe; the side wall of the second feeding groove is uniformly provided with movable connecting pieces, and the side wall of the second feeding groove is connected with the movable plate through the movable connecting pieces; the length of the movable plate is sequentially increased from top to bottom; the end connection of drying tank is provided with the blown down tank, and the blown down tank setting evenly is provided with curved buffering strip in the outside of main part on the drying tank.
Furthermore, two side walls of the collecting conveyor belt are provided with baffles; a third material inlet groove is fixedly arranged at one end of the baffle plate, the upper part of the third material inlet groove is conical, the lower part of the third material inlet groove is a rectangular channel, a third rotating shaft is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the top of the third material inlet groove of the rectangular channel, the third rotating shaft is connected with a first motor, the third rotating shaft is connected with a rotating rod, and push plates are arranged on the rotating rod in a staggered manner; the rectangular channel at the lower part of the third feed chute is obliquely arranged; the baffle is provided with an inclined first vibrating net, and the first vibrating net is connected with the second motor; the other end of the baffle is connected with a collecting box, and the collecting box is of a cavity structure with an opening at one side; a partition plate is arranged in the collecting box and is attached to the side wall of the first vibrating screen; the bottom plate of the collecting box is obliquely arranged and is arranged at the lower side of the conveyor belt, one end of the bottom plate of the collecting box is provided with a brushing sieve, and the brushing sieve is attached to the side wall of the conveyor belt; the collecting box at the clapboard is connected with a first output groove; the bottom of the side wall of the collecting box is connected with a second output groove; a slide rail is arranged on the baffle at the upper part of the first vibrating screen; a first slide bar is arranged in the slide rail, a rolling bar is arranged in the slide rail, two sides of the rolling bar are movably connected with the first slide bar, the first slide bar is connected with a third motor, and movable plates are arranged on the side wall of the rolling bar in a staggered manner; the upper end of the first vibrating screen is connected with a baffle, and the side wall of the baffle is provided with a telescopic pad; the top of the baffle is attached to the bottom wall of the third feed chute of the rectangular channel; the side wall of the movable plate is conical, and the movable plate at the conical position is made of rubber materials.
Further, a belt scale is arranged between the drying device and the packaging device.
Further, a secondary fruit removing device is arranged between the green peel removing device and the screening device, the secondary fruit removing device comprises a screening barrel, the screening barrel is of a cylindrical cavity structure with openings at two ends, a spiral rectangular through hole is formed in the side wall of the screening barrel, and the screening barrel is obliquely arranged; the bottom of the screening barrel is provided with a collecting tank which is an arc-shaped tank and is obliquely arranged, and the collecting tank is fixedly arranged on the bracket 63); the collecting tank is characterized in that a fixing frame is arranged on the side wall of the collecting tank, three driving circular rings are arranged on the fixing frame, sliding rails are arranged on the inner walls of the driving circular rings, second sliding rods are arranged in the sliding rails, a screening barrel is arranged in the sliding rails, the second sliding rods are arranged on the wall of the screening barrel, and the second sliding rods are connected with a first motor.
Furthermore, a supporting rod is connected to the top of the collecting tank, a feeding hopper is connected to the supporting rod and is in a conical shape, an inclined vibration plate is arranged on the inner side wall of the feeding hopper, and the vibration plate is connected with a second motor; the bottom of the feed hopper is connected with a feed chute, the feed chute is obliquely arranged, the feed chute is arranged in the screening barrel, a material hole is formed in the feed chute, and a bulge is arranged on the inner wall of the feed chute below the material hole; the top of the feeding groove is uniformly connected with an automatic return spring hinge, and a baffle is connected on the automatic return spring hinge; the two ends of the collecting tank are connected with arc-shaped top plates, scraping plates are connected to the top plates, the side walls of the scraping plates are arc-shaped, and bulges are arranged on the side walls of the scraping plates; the bottom of the screening barrel is connected with a material collecting hopper, and the material collecting hopper is connected with a material collecting pipe; the bottom parts of the collecting tank and the top plate are connected with a collecting hopper, and the collecting hopper is connected with a collecting pipe; a conical partition plate is arranged at the top of the feed chute, and a sliding ball is arranged on the side wall of the partition plate; the side wall of the driving circular ring at the top is provided with a sliding groove, and a sliding ball is arranged in the sliding groove.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses possess one of following beneficial effect at least:
11. a bin is arranged in the storage bin; the bottom of the bin chamber is provided with a discharging bin; a feed opening is arranged at the upper part of the feed bin; the opening of the feed opening is higher than the ground of the bin; a blanking filter screen is arranged on the blanking port; a discharging hopper is arranged at the lower part of the discharging opening; the discharging hopper is arranged in a conical structure; the blanking hopper is arranged in a hollow way; a discharge hole is formed in the lower part of the discharging hopper; a lifting conveyor belt is arranged below the discharge port; the lifting conveyor belt is connected with a conveyor belt motor; be provided with the bleeder valve on the discharge gate, can realize through feed bin under the inside feed bin that is provided with of storage silo, when depositing the nut, can in time transport next manufacturing procedure with the nut through feed bin down again, provide production efficiency.
12. A dust remover is arranged at the bottom of the blanking bin; the top of the dust remover is provided with a dust suction port; a dust removing fan is arranged in the dust remover; the dust removal fan is connected with a dust removal motor arranged at the top of the dust remover; the front section of the dust removing fan is respectively provided with a first filter screen and a second filter screen; the dust exhaust pipe is connected at the rear part of the dust remover, so that dust generated in the blanking process can be absorbed and discharged through the dust remover in time, and the production environment is optimized.
13. The dust remover is transversely arranged at the bottom of the blanking bin; the bottom of the dust remover is provided with a flow deflector; the flow deflector is arranged in a circular arc shape; the guide vane sets up in dust absorption mouth below, can realize improving dust removal effect through setting up the guide vane.
14. An exhaust port is arranged at the top of the dust exhaust pipe; the gas vent sets up at the storage silo top, can realize discharging the high altitude through the dust exhaust pipe with the air, does not influence the environment to can make the dust realize certain absorption in the dust exhaust pipe.
21. The machine body is provided with a feed hopper; the bottom of the feed hopper is respectively provided with a feed inlet A, a feed inlet B, a feed inlet C and a feed inlet D; the feed inlet A is connected with a peeling roller A; the feed inlet B is connected with a peeling roller B; the feed inlet C is connected with a peeling roller C; the feed inlet D is connected with a peeling roller D; squeezing rollers are arranged at the bottoms of the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D; the top parts of the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D are provided with press rollers; the compression roller is connected with the transmission chain; the transmission chain is fixed on the chain fixing plate, and the chain fixing plate is fixed through a fixing plate bolt; the transmission chain is connected with the motor; the rear end of the peeling roller A is provided with a discharge hole A; a discharge hole B is formed at the rear end of the peeling roller B; a discharge hole C is formed at the rear end of the peeling roller C; the rear end of the peeling roller D is provided with the peeling roller D; the discharge port B, the discharge port C and the discharge port D are connected with the screening frame; a screen is arranged on the screening frame; the screen cloth end is provided with the storage case, can realize droing the extrusion of the outward appearance green tangerine orange peel of macadamia nut through setting up compression roller and squeeze roll, improves desquamation efficiency.
22. A waste box is arranged below the extrusion roller; the waste bin sets up in the organism bottom, can realize that the green tangerine peel that the extrusion drops can drop in the waste bin.
23. The chain fixing plate is arranged in a trapezoidal structure; chain adjusting bolts are arranged at two ends of the chain fixing plate; the chain adjusting bolt is connected with the transmission chain through the spring, the height of the chain can be adjusted, the distance between the pressing roller and the squeezing roller is controlled, and the fruit pressing device is suitable for fruits of different batches and different sizes.
24. The screen cloth sets up for the slope structure, is provided with the electromagnetic shaker on the screen cloth, can realize improving screening efficiency.
25. The peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D are provided with a plurality of chain fixing plates, a plurality of chain fixing plates can be arranged, and the phenomenon that the chain is too long to deform due to the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D is avoided.
26. The chain fixing plates on the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D are arranged in a staggered mode; the transmission chains on the peeling roller B and the peeling roller C are provided with fixed points, so that the stability of the chains can be improved, and the production efficiency is improved.
31. The nuts enter the conveying trough from the feeding trough, the spray head of the first water pipe is used for feeding water and spraying the nuts, then the rotating shaft connected with the first motor drives the paddle on the lower rotating rod to have a certain stirring effect on the nuts, the nuts enter the flotation tank through the conveying tank, the flotation tank not only has a certain stirring effect on the nuts in the conveying tank, to handing over in the flotation cell has certain stirring effect, it floats to be convenient for the nut contains broken or the lighter nut of quality, realized screening the nut after picking, broken or the lighter nut of quality passes through first delivery chute output, the vibrations net can subside some broken or the heavier nut of quality in the flotation cell bottom, the nut of screening passes through the output of second delivery chute, broken or the heavier nut of quality passes through the output of third delivery chute, the nut screening after picking has been realized, and the demand is satisfied.
32. The working blast of the blower enters the aeration pipe and is discharged through the aeration holes, so that aeration is realized, and nuts are convenient to screen.
41. The nut after picking is placed in the workbin through the feed inlet, and the pivot that the raw materials in the workbin is connected through the motor rotates, and the pivot drives the dwang and rotates, and the nut of being convenient for enters into the main part again after the discharge gate enters into the feed chute, and the drying trough in the main part is dried through the nut of pore pair drying trough at the air of heating pipe heating, satisfies the needs.
51. The nut after picking is put into the feed chute, when the nut reaches the feed chute top of rectangle channel, the pivot that first motor is connected drives the dwang, the dwang motion, push pedal rotary motion on the dwang, the volume that the control of being convenient for got into, the nut that enters into the vibrations net through the feed chute, the vibrations effect through the vibrations net can be with the broken thing that contains in the nut once enter into the conveyer belt through the vibrations net and collect in the transportation, the preliminary screening and the collection of nut after picking have been realized.
52. The nut that the vibrations were netted through preliminary screening enters into the baffle and collects, and some broken things that contain in the nut on the conveyer belt convey the collecting box bottom, are convenient for collect.
6. This production line carries out the automatic transformation of line through with storage device, take off green husk device, sieving mechanism, drying device and packing plant and go a fruit device, through the different selections of each step, finally grades the macadamia nut and obtains the better finished product of quality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the production line.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the storage device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the dust collector of the present invention.
In the figure, 1-storage device, 11-storage bin, 12-bin, 13-blanking bin, 14-blanking port, 15-blanking filter screen, 16-blanking hopper, 17-discharge port, 18-discharge valve, 19-lifting conveyor belt, 110-conveyor belt motor, 112-dust remover, 113-dust exhaust pipe, 114-exhaust port, 115 ventilation window-, 116-ventilation fan, 117-stair, 118-dust suction port, 119-deflector, 120-first filter screen, 121-, 122-dust removal fan and 123-dust removal motor.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the green seedcase removing device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a side view of the utility model for removing the green peel.
Fig. 6 is a structure view of the peeling roller of the present invention.
2-green seedcase removing device 21-machine body, 22-feed hopper, 23-feed inlet A, 24-feed inlet B, 25-feed inlet C, 26-feed inlet D, 27-peeling roller A, 28-peeling roller B, 29-peeling roller C, 210-peeling roller D, 211-transmission chain, 212-motor D, 213-chain fixing plate, 214-chain adjusting bolt, 215-fixing plate bolt, 216-discharge outlet A, 217-discharge outlet B, 218-discharge outlet C, 219-discharge outlet D, 220-screening frame, 221-screen, 222-shaker and 223-storage box.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the middle screening device of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the connection of the middle slide rail according to the present invention.
In the figure: 3-screening device, 31-flotation tank, 32-conveying trough, 33-feeding trough, 34-first water pipe, 35-spray head, 36-first rotating shaft, 37-first motor, 38-rotating rod, 39-paddle, 310-second vibrating screen, 311-second motor, 312-first output trough, 313-second output trough, 314-third output trough, 315-first output pipe, 316-second output pipe, 317-third output pipe, 318-aeration pipe, 319-blower, 320-slide rail, 321-connecting rod, 322-push plate, 323-reciprocating motor, 324-telescopic rod, 325-third motor, 326-scraper, 327-first control valve, 328-second control valve and 329-third control valve, 330-a filter tank, 331-a filter layer, 332-a second water pipe, 333-a water tank, 334-a third water pipe, 335-a water pump, 336-a controller, 337-a drain pipe, 338-a fourth control valve and 339-inlet water.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the drying device of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the connection of the blade according to the present invention.
In the figure: 4-drying device, 41-main body, 42-feeding, 43-bin, 44-second rotating shaft 44, 45-motor E, 46-rotating rod, 47-paddle, 48-cushion, 49-drying tank, 410-heating pipe, 411-movable connecting piece, 412-movable plate, 413-first air pipe, 414-second pipeline, 415-condenser, 416-buffer tank, 417-water discharging pipe, 418-control valve, 419-drying layer, 420-third air pipe, 421-air pump, 422-discharging tank and 423-buffer strip.
Fig. 11 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the conveyer belt of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the connection of the slide rail according to the present invention.
In the figure: 51-collection conveyor belt, 52-baffle plate, 53-feed chute, 54-third rotating shaft, 55-first motor, 56-rotating rod, 57-push plate, 58-first vibration net, 59-second motor, 510 collecting box, 511-clapboard, 512-scrubbing sieve, 513-first output chute, 514-second output chute, 515-slide rail, 516-first slide bar, 517-rolling bar, 518-third motor, 519-movable plate and 520-telescopic cushion.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the secondary fruit removing device of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of the feed hopper connection of the present invention 10.
6-secondary fruit removing device, 61-screening barrel, 62-collecting tank, 63-bracket, 64-fixing frame, 65-driving ring, 66-sliding rail, 67-second sliding rod, 68-first motor, 69-supporting rod, 610-feeding hopper, 611-vibrating plate, 612-second motor, 613-feeding groove, 614-protrusion, 615-automatic return spring hinge, 616-baffle, 617-top plate, 618-scraper, 619-collecting hopper, 620-collecting pipe, 621-collecting hopper, 622-collecting pipe, 623-baffle plate, 624-sliding ball, 625-sliding groove and 626-protrusion.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Example 1:
the processing production line for improving the quality of the macadimia nuts comprises a storage device 1, a green husk removing device 2, a screening device 3, a drying device 4 and a packaging device 5, wherein the storage device 1 is connected with the green husk removing device 2 through a lifting machine, a discharge port of the green husk removing device 2 is connected with the screening device 3 through a slide way, and the screening device 3 is connected with the drying device 4 through a conveying belt; the drying device 4 is connected with the packaging device through a conveying belt;
the upper part of the storage bin 11 of the storage device 1 is provided with a ventilation window 115; the ventilating window 115 is provided with two ventilating fans 116, the storage bin 11 is internally provided with a bin 12, the bottom of the bin 12 is provided with a lower bin 13, the joint of the lower bin 13 and the bin 12 is provided with a sealing cover 111, the lower bin 13 is internally provided with a stair 117 for connection, the upper part of the lower bin 13 is provided with a feed opening 14, the opening of the feed opening 14 is higher than the ground of the bin 12, and the feed opening 14 is provided with a feed filter screen 15; a discharging hopper 16 is arranged at the lower part of the discharging opening 14, the discharging hopper 16 is in a conical structure arrangement, the discharging hopper 16 is in a hollow arrangement, a discharging opening 17 is arranged at the lower part of the discharging hopper 16, a lifting conveyor belt 19 is arranged below the discharging opening 17, the lifting conveyor belt 19 is connected with a conveyor belt motor 110, and a discharging valve 18 is arranged on the discharging opening 17; this device can realize through feed bin under the inside feed bin that is provided with of storage silo, when depositing the nut, can in time transport next manufacturing procedure with the nut through feed bin down again, provides production efficiency.
The green tangerine peel removing device 2 comprises a machine body 21, a feed hopper 22, a feed inlet A23, a feed inlet B24, a feed inlet C25, a feed inlet D26, a peeling roller A27, a peeling roller B28, a peeling roller C29, a peeling roller D210, a transmission chain 211, a compression roller 227, a motor D212, a chain fixing plate 213, a fixing plate bolt 215, a feed outlet A216, a feed outlet B217, a feed outlet C218, a feed outlet D219, a screening frame 220, a screen 221 and a storage box 223; the body 21 is provided with a feed hopper 22; the bottom of the feed hopper 22 is respectively provided with a feed inlet A23, a feed inlet B24, a feed inlet C25 and a feed inlet D26; the feed inlet A23 is connected with a peeling roller A27; the feed inlet B24 is connected with a peeling roller B28; the feed inlet C25 is connected with a peeling roller C29; the feed inlet D26 is connected with a peeling roller D210; the bottom parts of the peeling roller A27, the peeling roller B28, the peeling roller C29 and the peeling roller D210 are provided with a squeezing roller 224; the top parts of the peeling roller A27, the peeling roller B28, the peeling roller C29 and the peeling roller D210 are provided with a press roller 227; the press roller 227 is connected with the transmission chain 211; the transmission chain 211 is fixed on the chain fixing plate 213, and the chain fixing plate 213 is fixed through a fixing plate bolt 215; the transmission chain 211 is connected with a motor D212; the rear end of the peeling roller A27 is provided with a discharge hole A216; the rear end of the peeling roller B28 is provided with a discharge hole B217; the rear end of the peeling roller C29 is provided with a discharge hole C218; the rear end of the peeling roller D210 is provided with the peeling roller D210; the discharge port B217, the discharge port C218 and the discharge port D219 are connected with the screening frame 220; a screen 221 is arranged on the screening frame 220; the tail end of the screen 221 is provided with a storage box 223; the outer surface green seedcase of the macadimia nuts can be extruded and fallen off by the aid of the pressing roller and the squeezing roller, and peeling efficiency and quality are improved.
The screening device 3 comprises a flotation tank 31, one end of the flotation tank 1 is connected with an inclined conveying trough 32, the top of the side wall of the conveying trough 32 is connected with an inclined first feeding trough 33, the top in the conveying trough 32 is provided with a first water pipe 34, and the first water pipe 34 is uniformly connected with spray heads 35; a first rotating shaft 36 is arranged in the middle of the bottom of the conveying groove 32, the first rotating shaft 36 is connected with a first motor 37, a rotating rod 38 is connected to the first rotating shaft 36, a paddle 39 is arranged on the rotating rod 38, the paddle 39 is attached to the upper side wall and the lower side wall of the conveying groove 32, and the paddle 39 is of a mesh structure; the bottom in the flotation tank 31 is provided with an inclined second vibration net 310, and the second vibration net 310 is connected with a second motor 311; a first output groove 312 and a second output groove 313 are respectively connected and arranged on the upper and lower parts of the side wall of the flotation tank 31, a third output groove 314 is respectively connected and arranged on the upper part of the side wall of the flotation tank 31 at the bottom of the second vibration net 310, the first output groove 312, the second output groove 313 and the third output groove 314 are respectively arranged into a tapered net structure, the first output groove 312 is connected with a first output pipe 315, the second output groove 313 is connected with a second output pipe 316, and the third output groove 314 is connected with a third output pipe 317; the nuts enter the conveying tank 32 from the first feeding tank 33, meanwhile, the spray head 35 of the first water pipe 34 is used for feeding water and spraying the nuts, then the first rotating shaft 36 connected with the first motor 37 drives the paddles 39 on the lower rotating rod 38 to have a certain stirring effect on the nuts, the nuts enter the flotation tank 31 through the conveying tank 32, the flotation tank 31 not only has a certain stirring effect on the nuts in the conveying tank 32, but also has a certain stirring effect on the handing-over in the flotation tank 31, so that the nuts containing crushed or light nuts float, the picked nuts are screened, the crushed or light nuts are output through the first output tank 312, the second vibrating net 310 can settle some crushed or heavy nuts at the bottom of the flotation tank 31, the screened nuts are output through the second output tank 313, the crushed or heavy nuts are output through the third output tank 314, the screening of the picked nuts is realized, and the requirements are met.
The drying device 4 comprises a drying bin, the drying bin comprises a main body 1, the side wall of the top of the main body 1 is connected with a feed chute 2, the feed chute 2 is arranged into an inclined channel with openings at two ends, the top of the feed chute 2 is round, and the top of the feed chute 2 is connected with a feed box 3; the feed box 3 is cylindrical, a feed inlet is formed in the top of the feed box 3, discharge outlets are uniformly formed in the bottom plate of the feed box 43, a second rotating shaft 44 is arranged at the inner top of the feed box 43, the second rotating shaft 44 is connected with a motor E45, a rotating rod 46 is connected to the second rotating shaft 44, the rotating rod 46 is connected to the second rotating shaft, and a cushion 48 is arranged on the side wall of the paddle 47; a fold line-shaped drying groove 49 is arranged in the main body 41, the bent part of the drying groove 49 is arranged in an arc shape, and air holes are uniformly formed in the groove wall of the drying groove 49.
The heating pipe 410 is spirally arranged at the bottom of the main body 41, and the heating pipe 410 is connected with an external power supply; nut after picking is placed in workbin 43 through the feed inlet, the second pivot 44 that the raw materials in workbin 43 is connected through motor E45 rotates, second pivot 44 drives dwang 46 and rotates, be convenient for the nut enter into main part 41 again after the discharge gate enters into second feed chute 42 in, certain control feed rate's effect can be played, dry groove 49 in main part 41 passes through the air of heating pipe 410 heating and carries out the drying at the nut in dry groove 49 of pore pair, and the demand is satisfied.
Example 2:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in this embodiment, the bottom of the lower bin 13 is provided with the dust remover 112, the dust remover 112 is transversely arranged at the bottom of the lower bin 13, the bottom of the dust remover 112 is provided with the flow deflector 119, the flow deflector 119 is arranged in an arc shape, the flow deflector 119 is arranged below the dust suction port 118, the top of the dust remover 112 is provided with the dust suction port 118, the dust remover 112 is internally provided with the dust removing fan 122, the dust removing fan 122 is connected with the dust removing motor 123 arranged at the top of the dust remover 112, the front section of the dust removing fan 122 is respectively provided with the first filter screen 120 and the second filter screen, the rear of the dust remover 112 is connected with the dust exhaust pipe 113, the top of the dust exhaust pipe 113 is provided. This setting can realize absorbing through the dust remover in time getting rid of at the dust that the unloading in-process produced, the optimization production environment, can realize improving dust removal effect through setting up the water conservancy diversion piece, can realize discharging the high altitude through the dust exhaust pipe with the air, do not influence the environment, and can make the dust realize certain absorption in the dust exhaust pipe, can realize conveniently examining and repairing the timely ventilation that storage silo can be realized to conveyer belt and lower hopper, thereby guarantee its quality is guaranteed to the storage environment of better Australia nut.
Example 3:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in the present embodiment, a waste bin 225 can be disposed below the squeeze roller 224; the waste bin 225 is arranged at the bottom of the machine body 21, so that green husks extruded and fallen can fall into the waste bin; the chain fixing plate 213 is in a trapezoidal structure; chain adjusting bolts 214 are arranged at two ends of the chain fixing plate 213; the chain adjusting bolt 214 is connected with the transmission chain 211 through a spring 226, so that the height of the chain can be adjusted, the distance between the pressing roller and the squeezing roller can be controlled, and the fruit pressing machine is suitable for fruits of different batches and different sizes; the screen 221 is arranged in an inclined structure, and the screen 221 is provided with a vibrator 222 to improve the screening efficiency; a plurality of chain fixing plates 213 are arranged on the peeling roller A27, the peeling roller B28, the peeling roller C29 and the peeling roller D210; the peeling roller A27, the peeling roller B28, the peeling roller C29 and the chain fixing plate 213 on the peeling roller D210 are arranged in a staggered way; the transmission chains 211 on the peeling roller B28 and the peeling roller C29 are provided with 10 fixed points, so that the overlong chains of the peeling roller A, the peeling roller B, the peeling roller C and the peeling roller D are prevented from deforming, the stability of the chains is improved, and the production efficiency and the quality are improved.
Example 4:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in this embodiment, the bottom of the flotation tank 31 is connected with the aeration pipes 318, the aeration pipes 318 are all provided with explosion holes, the aeration pipes 318 extend through the flotation tank 31, and the extended aeration pipes 318 are provided with the blowers 319; the air blower 319 blows air into the aeration pipe 318 and then is discharged through the aeration holes, so that aeration is realized, and nuts can be screened conveniently. The side wall of the flotation tank 31 on the upper part of the second vibration net 310 is provided with a slide rail 320, a connecting rod 321 is arranged in the slide rail 320, a push plate 322 is arranged in the slide rail 320, and the connecting rod 321 is arranged on two sides of the push plate.
The connecting rod 321 is connected with the reciprocating motor 323; the reciprocating motor 323 enables the connecting rod 321 to drive the pushing plate 322 to move, so that the pushing plate 322 retreats to push the nuts on the second vibrating mesh 310 into the second output slot 313. The top of the side wall of the flotation tank 31 is connected with an expansion link 324, the expansion link 324 is connected with a third motor 325, the expansion link 324 is connected with a scraper 326, and the top of the scraper 326 is attached to the top of the flotation tank 31; the telescoping rod 324 coupled to the third motor 325 moves telescopically to facilitate the scraper 326 coupled to the telescoping rod 324 to push the crushed or lighter nuts out through the first output chute 312. A first control valve 327 is arranged on the first output pipe 315, a second control valve 328 is arranged on the second output pipe 316, and a third control valve 329 is arranged on the third output pipe 317; opening the first control valve 327 to facilitate the delivery of the crushed or lighter nuts through the first output duct 315 connected to the first output chute 312; opening the second control valve 328 to facilitate delivery of the screened nuts through the second output duct 316 connected to the second output chute 313; the third control valve 329 is opened and the broken or heavier nuts are connected through the third output chute 314 to the output of the third output conduit 317.
The side wall of the flotation tank 31 is connected with a filter box 330, the first output groove 312, the second output groove 313 and the third output groove 314 are all arranged in the filter box 330, the first output groove 312, the second output groove 313 and the third output groove 314 are arranged in a net structure, and the height of the filter box 330 is greater than that of the flotation tank 31.
The lower part of the filter box 330 is provided with a filter layer 331, the filter box 330 is connected with a second water pipe 332, the filter box 330 is connected with a water tank 333 through the second water pipe 332, the water tank 333 is connected with a third water pipe 334, the third water pipe 334 is connected with the first water pipe 34, the third water pipe 334 is provided with a water pump 335, and the water pump 335 is connected with a controller 336; the filter box 330 is connected to a drain pipe 337, and the drain pipe 337 is provided with a fourth control valve 338.
The bottom of the water tank 333 is connected with a water inlet pipe 339, and the water inlet pipe 339 is connected with an external water source; the water after screening in the flotation tank 31 enters the filter box 330 through the tapered mesh structure of the first output groove 312, the second output groove 313 and the third output groove 314 for collection, the water is filtered and adsorbed by the filter layer 331 for reuse, the filtered water enters the water tank 333 through the second water pipe 332 for collection, and enters the first water pipe 34 through the third water pipe 334 for utilization under the action of the water pump 335 connected with the controller 336, so that the water is saved, the water is discharged through the drain pipe 337 when the filtered water in the filter box 330 can not be reused, and the water is replenished through the water inlet pipe 339 through the water tank 333.
The bottom plate of the flotation tank 31 is obliquely arranged; facilitating the delivery of broken or heavier nuts through the third delivery chute 314 to the third delivery tube 317.
Example 5:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in this embodiment, the side walls of the second feeding chute 42 are uniformly provided with the movable connectors 411, and the side walls of the second feeding chute 42 are connected with the movable plate 412 through the movable connectors 411; the length of the movable plate 412 increases from top to bottom; the movable plate 412 provided in the second feed chute 42 plays a role in controlling the feed rate. The top of the main body 41 is connected with a first air pipe 413, the first air pipe 413 is uniformly provided with pore canals, the first air pipe 413 is connected with a second pipeline 414, the second pipeline 414 is provided with a condenser 415, the second pipeline 414 is connected with a buffer tank 416, the bottom of the side wall of the buffer tank 416 is connected with a drain pipe 417, the drain pipe 417 is provided with a control valve 418, the middle of the buffer tank 416 is provided with a drying layer 419, the top of the buffer tank 416 is connected with a third air pipe 420, the third air pipe 420 is connected with the bottom of the side wall of the main body 41, and the third air pipe 420 is; the dry nut of air that main part 41 heated through heating pipe 410 can produce certain steam, steam enters into second pipeline 414 through first trachea 413 in, the air enters into baffle-box 416 after the condensation in the second pipeline 414, the water of condensation can be got rid of through drain pipe 417 regularly, simultaneously, the air is dried with the air through dry layer 419, dry air enters into main part 41 through third trachea 420, heat dry air simultaneously, reduce the moisture that the air produced.
The tail end of the drying groove 49 is connected with a discharge groove 422, and the discharge groove 422 is arranged outside the main body 41; the discharge chute 422 facilitates the collection of dried nuts. Arc-shaped buffer strips 423 are uniformly arranged on the drying groove 49; the buffer strips 423 play a role of buffering. The third air pipe 414 extends into the main body 41, and small holes are uniformly formed on the extended third air pipe 414; the dry air is convenient to enter and heat.
Example 6:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in the present embodiment, the baffle plates 52 are arranged on two side walls of the collecting conveyor belt 51;
a third feeding groove 53 is fixedly arranged at one end of the baffle plate 52, the upper part of the third feeding groove 53 is conical, the lower part of the third feeding groove 53 is a rectangular channel, a third rotating shaft 54 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the top of the third feeding groove 53 of the rectangular channel, the rotating shaft 4 is connected with a first motor 55, the third rotating shaft 54 is connected with a rotating rod 56, and push plates 57 are arranged on the rotating rod 56 in an staggered manner;
the rectangular channel at the lower part of the third feed chute 53 is obliquely arranged;
the baffle plate 52 is provided with an inclined first vibration net 58, and the first vibration net 58 is connected with a second motor 59; the nut after picking is put into third feeding tank 53, when the nut reaches the third feeding tank 53 top of rectangle channel, third pivot 54 that first motor 55 is connected drives dwang 56, dwang 56 moves, push pedal 57 rotary motion on the dwang 56, the volume that the control of being convenient for got into, enter into the nut of first vibrations net 58 through third feeding tank 53, the vibrations effect through first vibrations net 58 can be with some broken things that contain in the nut enter into conveyer belt 51 through first vibrations net 58 and collect in the transportation, the preliminary screening and the collection of nut after picking have been realized.
The other end of the baffle plate 52 is connected with a collecting box 510, and the collecting box 510 is arranged in a cavity structure with an opening at one side;
a partition 511 is arranged in the collection box 510, and the partition 511 is attached to the side wall of the first vibration net 58;
the bottom plate of the collecting box 510 is obliquely arranged and is arranged at the lower side of the conveyor belt 5, one end of the bottom plate of the collecting box 510 is provided with a brushing sieve 512, and the brushing sieve 512 is attached to the side wall of the collecting conveyor belt 51; the nuts that have been screened initially on the first vibrating screen 58 enter the partition 511 to be collected, and some of the broken pieces contained in the nuts on the conveyor 5 are conveyed to the bottom of the collecting bin 510 to be collected.
The collecting box 510 at the partition 511 is connected with a first output groove 513;
the bottom of the side wall of the collecting box 510 is connected with a second output groove 514; the first output chute 513 facilitates the output of nuts and the second output chute 514 facilitates the output of some of the broken pieces contained within the nuts.
The baffle 52 on the upper part of the first vibrating net 58 is provided with a slide rail 515;
a first sliding rod 516 is arranged in the sliding rail 515, a rolling rod 517 is arranged in the sliding rail 515, two sides of the rolling rod 517 are movably connected with the first sliding rod 516, the first sliding rod 516 is connected with a third motor 518, and movable plates 519 are alternately arranged on the side wall of the rolling rod 517; third motor 518 reciprocating motion, the motion of roll bar 517 on the first slide bar 516 that third motor 518 is connected, roll bar 517 and first slide bar 516 swing joint, thereby roll bar 517 can carry out certain rotation and make fly plate 519, and fly plate 519 has certain stirring effect to the nut on the first vibrations net 58, and some breakings that contain in the nut of being convenient for are convenient for through vibrations net 8.
The upper end of the first vibrating screen 58 is connected with a baffle plate 52, and the side wall of the baffle plate 52 is provided with a telescopic pad 520;
the top of the baffle plate 52 is attached to the bottom wall of the feed chute 3 of the rectangular channel; the baffle plate 52 prevents nuts that may be in between the third trough 53 and the first vibrating screen 58 from being easily transported out of the top of the first vibrating screen 58.
The side wall of the movable plate 519 is provided with a cone shape, and the movable plate 519 at the cone shape is made of rubber material; the portable plate 519 of being convenient for has certain stirring effect to the nut on the first vibrations net 58, and some breakings that contain in the nut of being convenient for are convenient for through first vibrations net 58.
Example 7:
on the basis of the above embodiments, in this embodiment, a belt scale is disposed between the drying device and the packaging device.
Example 8:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in the embodiment, the secondary fruit removing device 6 is arranged between the green husk removing device 2 and the screening device 3, the screening barrel 61 of the secondary fruit removing device 6 is of a cylindrical cavity structure with openings at two ends, a spiral rectangular through hole is formed in the side wall of the screening barrel 61, and the screening barrel 61 is obliquely arranged;
the bottom of the screening barrel 61 is provided with a collecting groove 62, the collecting groove 62 is an arc-shaped groove and is obliquely arranged, and the collecting groove 62 is fixedly arranged on the bracket 63;
a fixed frame 64 is arranged on the side wall of the collecting groove 62, three driving rings 65 are arranged on the fixed frame 64, a slide rail 66 is arranged on the inner wall of each driving ring 65, a second slide bar 67 is arranged in each slide rail 66, a screening barrel 61 is arranged in each slide rail 66, the second slide bar 67 is arranged on the wall of each screening barrel 61, and each second slide bar 67 is connected with a first motor 68; some debris that the size of nut is different or in addition, the nut enters into screening bucket 61, and screening bucket 61 drives under the drive of first motor 68 and moves in the slide rail 66 that drives ring 65, has realized the nut downstream in the screening bucket 61 of slope, and the nut that is less than the rectangle through-hole is collected in collecting vat 62, has realized the screening of nut.
Example 9:
on the basis of the above embodiment, in this embodiment, the top of the collecting tank 62 is connected with a supporting rod 69, the supporting rod 69 is connected with a feeding hopper 610, the feeding hopper 610 is conical, an inclined vibration plate 611 is arranged on the inner side wall of the feeding hopper 610, and the vibration plate 611 is connected with a second motor 612;
the bottom of the feed hopper 610 is connected with a feed chute 613, the feed chute 613 is obliquely arranged, the feed chute 613 is arranged in the screening barrel 61, a material hole is formed in the feed chute 613, and a protrusion 614 is arranged on the inner wall of the feed chute 613 below the material hole;
the top of the feeding groove 613 is uniformly connected with an automatic return spring hinge 615, and a baffle 616 is connected on the automatic return spring hinge 615; the nut is placed in feeder hopper 610, and the vibrations of vibrations board 611 are convenient for the nut and pass through the hole between vibrations board 611 and feeder hopper 610, and the nut volume that also can control the entering, the nut enters into feed chute 613, and a nut enters into screening barrel 61 through the material hole of feed chute 613 during the nut motion, and screening barrel 61 of being convenient for screens, and baffle 616 that self return spring hinge 615 connects can slow down the entering speed of nut, the screening of being convenient for.
The two ends of the collecting tank 62 are connected with arc-shaped top plates 617, scrapers 618 are connected to the top plates 617, the side walls of the scrapers 618 are arc-shaped, and protrusions 626 are arranged on the side walls of the scrapers 618; the provision of the scraper 618 on the top plate 617 and the protrusion 626 on the scraper 618 reduces the clogging of the rectangular through hole by the nuts.
The bottom of the screening barrel 61 is connected with a material collecting hopper 619, and the material collecting hopper 619 is connected with a material collecting pipe 620; the nuts left in the screening barrel 61 after screening in the screening barrel 61 enter the aggregate hopper 619 for collection, and are output by the aggregate pipe 620
The bottom of the collecting tank 62 and the top plate 617 is connected with a collecting hopper 621, and the collecting hopper 621 is connected with a collecting pipe 622; nuts or other substances which pass through the rectangular through holes after being screened in the screening barrel 61 enter the collecting hopper 621 to be collected, and then are output by the collecting pipe 622.
A conical partition plate 623 is arranged at the top of the feed chute 613, and a sliding ball 624 is arranged on the side wall of the partition plate 623;
the side wall of the driving ring 65 at the top is provided with a sliding groove 625, and a sliding ball 624 is arranged in the sliding groove 625; a conical baffle 623 is provided to facilitate the screening within the nut screening barrel 61.
Although the invention has been described herein with reference to a number of illustrative embodiments thereof, it should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art that will fall within the spirit and scope of the principles of this invention. More specifically, various variations and modifications are possible in the component parts and/or arrangements of the subject combination arrangement within the scope of the disclosure, the drawings and the appended claims. In addition to variations and modifications in the component parts and/or arrangements, other uses will also be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a promote processing lines of macadamia nut quality which characterized in that: the green husk removing device comprises a storage device (1), a green husk removing device (2), a screening device (3), a drying device (4) and a packaging device, wherein the storage device (1) is connected with the green husk removing device (2) through a lifter, a discharge port of the green husk removing device (2) is connected with the screening device (3) through a slideway, and the screening device (3) is connected with the drying device (4) through a conveyor belt; the drying device (4) is connected with the packaging device through a conveying belt; the storage device (1) comprises a storage bin (11), a bin (12), a discharging bin (13), a discharging opening (14), a discharging filter screen (15), a discharging hopper (16), a discharging opening (17), a discharging valve (18), a lifting conveyor belt (19) and a conveyor belt motor (110); the upper part of the storage bin (11) is provided with a ventilation window (115); two ventilation fans (116) are arranged on the ventilation window (115), a bin (12) is arranged in the storage bin (11), a discharging bin (13) is arranged at the bottom of the bin (12), a sealing cover (111) is arranged at the joint of the discharging bin (13) and the bin (12), a stair (117) is arranged in the discharging bin (13) for connection, a discharging opening (14) is arranged at the upper part of the discharging bin (13), the opening of the discharging opening (14) is higher than the ground of the bin (12), and a discharging filter screen (15) is arranged on the discharging opening (14); a discharging hopper (16) is arranged at the lower part of the discharging opening (14), the discharging hopper (16) is arranged in a conical structure, the discharging hopper (16) is arranged in a hollow manner, a discharging opening (17) is arranged at the lower part of the discharging hopper (16), a lifting conveyor belt (19) is arranged below the discharging opening (17), the lifting conveyor belt (19) is connected with a conveyor belt motor (110), and a discharging valve (18) is arranged on the discharging opening (17); the green tangerine peel removing device (2) comprises a machine body (21), a feed hopper (22), a feed inlet A (23), a feed inlet B (24), a feed inlet C (25), a feed inlet D (26), a peeling roller A (27), a peeling roller B (28), a peeling roller C (29), a peeling roller D (210), a transmission chain (211), a compression roller (227), a motor D (212), a chain fixing plate (213), a fixing plate bolt (215), a discharge outlet A (216), a discharge outlet B (217), a discharge outlet C (218), a discharge outlet D (219), a screening frame (220), a screen (221) and a storage box (223); a feed hopper (22) is arranged on the machine body (21); the bottom of the feed hopper (22) is respectively provided with a feed inlet A (23), a feed inlet B (24), a feed inlet C (25) and a feed inlet D (26); the feed inlet A (23) is connected with a peeling roller A (27); the feed inlet B (24) is connected with a peeling roller B (28); the feed inlet C (25) is connected with a peeling roller C (29); the feed inlet D (26) is connected with a peeling roller D (210); the bottom parts of the peeling roller A (27), the peeling roller B (28), the peeling roller C (29) and the peeling roller D (210) are provided with a squeezing roller (224); a press roll (227) is arranged at the top of the peeling roller A (27), the peeling roller B (28), the peeling roller C (29) and the peeling roller D (210); the pressing roller (227) is connected with the transmission chain (211); the transmission chain (211) is fixed on the chain fixing plate (213), and the chain fixing plate (213) is fixed through a fixing plate bolt (215); the transmission chain (211) is connected with a motor D (212); the rear end of the peeling roller A (27) is provided with a discharge hole A (216); a discharge hole B (217) is arranged at the rear end of the peeling roller B (28); a discharge hole C (218) is formed at the rear end of the peeling roller C (29); the rear end of the peeling roller D (210) is provided with the peeling roller D (210); the discharge port B (217), the discharge port C (218) and the discharge port D (219) are connected with a screening frame (220); a screen (221) is arranged on the screening frame (220); the tail end of the screen (221) is provided with a storage box (223); the screening device (3) comprises a flotation tank (31), one end of the flotation tank (31) is connected with an inclined conveying groove (32), the top of the side wall of the conveying groove (32) is connected with an inclined first feeding groove (33), a first water pipe (34) is arranged at the inner top of the conveying groove (32), and spray heads (35) are uniformly connected to the first water pipe (34); a first rotating shaft (36) is arranged in the middle of the bottom of the conveying groove (32), the first rotating shaft (36) is connected with a first motor (37), a rotating rod (38) is connected to the first rotating shaft (36), blades (39) are arranged on the rotating rod (38), the blades (39) are attached to the upper side wall and the lower side wall of the conveying groove (32), and the blades (39) are of a net-shaped structure; an inclined second vibrating net (310) is arranged at the bottom in the floating pond (31), a sliding rail (320) is arranged on the side wall of the floating pond (31) at the upper part of the second vibrating net (310), a connecting rod (321) is arranged in the sliding rail (320), a push plate (322) is arranged in the sliding rail (320), and the connecting rod (321) is arranged at two sides of the push plate; the connecting rod (321) is connected with the reciprocating motor (323), and the second vibrating net (310) is connected with the second motor (311); the bottom of the flotation tank (31) is connected with an aeration pipe (318), the aeration pipe (318) is provided with an explosion hole, the aeration pipe (318) passes through the flotation tank (31) to extend, and the extended aeration pipe (318) is provided with a blower (319); a first output groove (312) and a second output groove (313) are respectively and vertically connected with the side wall of the flotation tank (31), a third output groove (314) is respectively and vertically connected with the upper part of the side wall of the flotation tank (31) at the bottom of the second vibration net (310), the first output groove (312), the second output groove (313) and the third output groove (314) are respectively arranged into a conical net structure, the first output groove (312) is connected with a first output pipe (315), the second output groove (313) is connected with a second output pipe (316), and the third output groove (314) is connected with a third output pipe (317); the drying device (4) comprises a drying bin, the drying bin comprises a main body (41), the side wall of the top of the main body (41) is connected with a second feeding groove (42), the second feeding groove (42) is arranged to be an inclined channel with openings at two ends, the top of the second feeding groove (42) is arranged to be circular, and the top of the second feeding groove (42) is connected with a material box (43); the feed box (43) is cylindrical, the top of the feed box is provided with a feed inlet, the bottom plate of the feed box (43) is uniformly provided with discharge outlets, the inner top of the feed box (43) is provided with a second rotating shaft (44), the second rotating shaft (44) is connected with a motor E (45), the second rotating shaft (44) is connected with a rotating rod (46), the rotating rod (46) is connected, and the side wall of the paddle (47) is provided with a cushion (48); a fold-line-shaped drying groove (49) is arranged in the main body (41), the bent part of the drying groove (49) is arranged in an arc shape, and air holes are uniformly formed in the groove wall of the drying groove (49); the bottom of the main body (41) is spirally provided with a heating pipe (410), and the heating pipe (410) is connected with an external power supply.
2. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: feed bin (13) bottom is provided with dust remover (112) down, dust remover (112) transversely sets up feed bin (13) bottom down, dust remover (112) bottom is provided with water conservancy diversion piece (119), water conservancy diversion piece (119) are convex setting, water conservancy diversion piece (119) set up and are provided with dust absorption mouth (118) at dust absorption mouth (118) below dust remover (112) top, be provided with dust removal fan (122) in dust remover (112), dust removal motor (123) of setting at dust remover (112) top are connected in dust removal fan (122), dust removal fan (122) anterior segment is provided with first filter screen (120) and second filter screen respectively, dust exhaust pipe (113) is connected at dust remover (112) rear portion, dust exhaust pipe (113) top is provided with gas vent (114), gas vent (114) set up at storage silo (11) top.
3. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: a waste box (225) is arranged below the squeezing roller (224); the waste box (225) is arranged at the bottom of the machine body (21); the chain fixing plate (213) is arranged in a trapezoidal structure; chain adjusting bolts (214) are arranged at two ends of the chain fixing plate (213); the chain adjusting bolt (214) is connected with the transmission chain (211) through a spring (226); the screen (221) is arranged in an inclined structure, and a vibrator (222) is arranged on the screen (221); a plurality of chain fixing plates (213) are arranged on the peeling roller A (27), the peeling roller B (28), the peeling roller C (29) and the peeling roller D (210); the peeling roller A (27), the peeling roller B (28), the peeling roller C (29) and the chain fixing plate (213) on the peeling roller D (210) are arranged in a staggered way; the drive chains (211) on the peeling roller B (28) and the peeling roller C (29) are provided with 10 fixed points.
4. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: the top of the side wall of the flotation tank (31) is connected with a telescopic rod (324), the telescopic rod (324) is connected with a third motor (325), the telescopic rod (324) is connected with a scraper (326), and the top of the scraper (326) is attached to the top of the flotation tank (31); a first control valve (327) is arranged on the first output pipe (315), a second control valve (328) is arranged on the second output pipe (316), and a third control valve (329) is arranged on the third output pipe (317); the side wall of the flotation tank (31) is connected with a filter box (330), the first output groove (312), the second output groove (313) and the third output groove (314) are all arranged in the filter box (330), the first output groove (312), the second output groove (313) and the third output groove (314) are arranged in a net structure, and the height of the filter box (330) is greater than that of the flotation tank (31); the lower part of the filter box (330) is provided with a filter layer, the filter box (330) is connected with a second water pipe (332), the filter box (330) is connected with a water tank (333) through the second water pipe (332), the water tank (333) is connected with a third water pipe (334), the third water pipe (334) is connected with the first water pipe (34), the third water pipe (334) is provided with a water pump (335), and the water pump (335) is connected with a controller (336); the filter box (330) is connected with a drain pipe (337), and a fourth control valve (338) is arranged on the drain pipe (337); the bottom of the water tank (333) is connected with a water inlet pipe (339), and the water inlet pipe (339) is connected with an external water source; the bottom plate of the flotation tank (31) is obliquely arranged.
5. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: the top of the main body (41) is connected with a first air pipe (413), the first air pipe (413) is uniformly provided with pore canals, and the first air pipe (413) is connected with a second pipeline (414); a condenser (415) is arranged on the second pipeline (414), the second pipeline (414) is connected with the buffer tank (416), the bottom of the side wall of the buffer tank (416) is connected with a drain pipe (417), a control valve (418) is arranged on the drain pipe (417), a drying layer (419) is arranged in the middle of the buffer tank (416), the top of the buffer tank (416) is connected with a third air pipe (420), the third air pipe (420) extends into the main body (41), small holes are uniformly formed in the extended third air pipe (420), the third air pipe (420) is connected to the bottom of the side wall of the main body (41), and an air pump (421) is arranged on the third air pipe (420); the side wall of the second feeding groove (42) is uniformly provided with movable connecting pieces (411), and the side wall of the second feeding groove (42) is connected with a movable plate (412) through the movable connecting pieces (411); the length of the movable plate (412) is sequentially increased from top to bottom; the tail end of the drying groove (49) is connected with a discharge groove (422), the discharge groove (422) is arranged outside the main body (41), and arc-shaped buffer strips (423) are uniformly arranged on the drying groove (49).
6. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: baffles (52) are arranged on two side walls of the conveyor belt (5); a third feeding groove (53) is fixedly arranged at one end of the baffle plate (52), the upper part of the third feeding groove (53) is conical, the lower part of the third feeding groove is a rectangular groove channel, a third rotating shaft (54) is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the top of the third feeding groove (53) of the rectangular groove channel, the third rotating shaft (54) is connected with a first motor (55), the third rotating shaft (54) is connected with a rotating rod (56), and push plates (57) are arranged on the rotating rod (56) in an staggered manner; the rectangular channel at the lower part of the third feeding groove (53) is obliquely arranged; an inclined first vibration net (58) is arranged on the baffle (52), and the first vibration net (58) is connected with a second motor (59); the other end of the baffle (52) is connected with a collecting box (510), and the collecting box (510) is of a cavity structure with an opening at one side; a partition plate (511) is arranged in the collection box (510), and the partition plate (511) is attached to the side wall of the first vibration net (58); the bottom plate of the collecting box (510) is obliquely arranged and is arranged at the lower side of the collecting conveyor belt (51), one end of the bottom plate of the collecting box (510) is provided with a brushing sieve (512), and the brushing sieve (512) is attached to the side wall of the collecting conveyor belt (51); a collecting box (510) at the position of the partition plate (511) is connected with a first output groove (513); the bottom of the side wall of the collecting box (510) is connected with a second output groove (514); a slide rail (515) is arranged on a baffle (52) at the upper part of the first vibrating net (58); a first sliding rod (516) is arranged in the sliding rail (515), a rolling rod (517) is arranged in the sliding rail (515), two sides of the rolling rod (517) are movably connected with the first sliding rod (516), the first sliding rod (516) is connected with a third motor (518), and movable plates (519) are arranged on the side wall of the rolling rod (517) in a staggered mode; the upper end of the first vibrating net (58) is connected with a baffle (52), and the side wall of the baffle (52) is provided with a telescopic pad (520); the top of the baffle (52) is attached to the bottom wall of a third feeding groove (53) of the rectangular channel; the side wall of the movable plate (519) is set to be conical, and the movable plate (519) at the conical position is made of rubber materials.
7. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: a belt scale is arranged between the drying device and the packaging device.
8. The processing line of claim 1, wherein the processing line comprises: a secondary fruit removing device (6) is arranged between the green husk removing device (2) and the screening device (3), the secondary fruit removing device (6) comprises a screening barrel (61), the screening barrel (61) is of a cylindrical cavity structure with openings at two ends, a spiral rectangular through hole is formed in the side wall of the screening barrel (61), and the screening barrel (61) is obliquely arranged;
a collecting groove (62) is formed in the bottom of the screening barrel (61), the collecting groove (62) is an arc-shaped groove and is obliquely arranged, and the collecting groove (62) is fixedly arranged on the support (63);
the side wall of the collecting tank (62) is provided with a fixing frame (64), the fixing frame (64) is provided with three driving circular rings (65), the inner wall of each driving circular ring (65) is provided with a sliding rail (66), a second sliding rod (67) is arranged in each sliding rail (66), the sliding rail (66) is internally provided with a screening barrel (61), the second sliding rod (67) is arranged on the wall of the screening barrel (61), and the second sliding rod (67) is connected with a first motor (68).
9. The processing line of claim 8, wherein the processing line comprises: the top of the collecting groove (62) is connected with a supporting rod (69), the supporting rod (69) is connected with a feed hopper (610), the feed hopper (610) is conical, an inclined vibration plate (611) is arranged on the inner side wall of the feed hopper (610), and the vibration plate (611) is connected with a second motor (612);
the bottom of the feed hopper (610) is connected with a feed chute (613), the feed chute (613) is obliquely arranged, the feed chute (613) is arranged in the screening barrel (61), a material hole is formed in the feed chute (613), and a protrusion (614) is arranged on the inner wall of the feed chute (613) below the material hole; automatic return spring hinges (615) are uniformly connected to the top of the feed chute (613), and baffles (616) are connected to the automatic return spring hinges (615); the two ends of the collecting tank (62) are connected with arc-shaped top plates (617), scrapers (618) are connected to the top plates (617), the side walls of the scrapers (618) are arc-shaped, and protrusions (626) are arranged on the side walls of the scrapers (618); the bottom of the screening barrel (61) is connected with a material collecting hopper (619), and the material collecting hopper (619) is connected with a material collecting pipe (620); the bottom parts of the collecting tank (62) and the top plate (617) are connected with a collecting hopper (621), and the collecting hopper (621) is connected with a collecting pipe (622); a conical partition plate (623) is arranged at the top of the feed chute (613), and a sliding ball (624) is arranged on the side wall of the partition plate (623);
the side wall of the driving circular ring (65) at the top is provided with a sliding groove (625), and a sliding ball (624) is arranged in the sliding groove (625).
CN202020446886.3U 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts Active CN212212606U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020446886.3U CN212212606U (en) 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020446886.3U CN212212606U (en) 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN212212606U true CN212212606U (en) 2020-12-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020446886.3U Active CN212212606U (en) 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115900285A (en) * 2022-11-14 2023-04-04 邢台市天元星食品设备有限公司 Honeycomb type dry-wet separation and deoxidation drying equipment for nuts

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115900285A (en) * 2022-11-14 2023-04-04 邢台市天元星食品设备有限公司 Honeycomb type dry-wet separation and deoxidation drying equipment for nuts
CN115900285B (en) * 2022-11-14 2023-06-27 邢台市天元星食品设备有限公司 Honeycomb type dry-wet separation and deoxidation drying equipment for nuts

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