CN209189260U - A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN209189260U
CN209189260U CN201822109183.7U CN201822109183U CN209189260U CN 209189260 U CN209189260 U CN 209189260U CN 201822109183 U CN201822109183 U CN 201822109183U CN 209189260 U CN209189260 U CN 209189260U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sieve
cleaning layer
grain
miscellaneous
multiple coil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201822109183.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王启阳
吴文福
孙长虹
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jilin University
Original Assignee
Jilin University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jilin University filed Critical Jilin University
Priority to CN201822109183.7U priority Critical patent/CN209189260U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209189260U publication Critical patent/CN209189260U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Landscapes

  • Combined Means For Separation Of Solids (AREA)

Abstract

From top to bottom successively include: feeding device, big miscellaneous cleaning layer the utility model discloses a kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device, in miscellaneous cleaning layer and small miscellaneous cleaning layer;The cleaning layer includes: cabinet, has the quadrangle box of opening for top and bottom, and there is the bottom of box tabula batten bottom of box opening is divided into screening outlet and impurities outlet;Multiple sieves are semi-cylinder sieve, and the section of the sieve is semicircle, and the sieve is detachably secured in the cabinet, and the sieve is located at screening outlet top;Multiple conveying augers disposed in parallel, are rotatably supported in the cabinet, and the conveying auger and the sieve are coaxially disposed, and the conveying auger length direction is vertical with the tabula batten length direction;The compass screen surface for playing sieving actoion is semi-circular compass screen surface, the sieving area in the compass screen surface direction of motion is increased, to increase treating capacity.

Description

A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to grain cleaning sorting field more particularly to a kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning devices.
Background technique
Impurity in grain is in storage, since automatic classification phenomenon accumulates in a certain position of grain heap, is formed apparent Impurity range.The organic impurities water content of impurity range is high, and hygroscopicity is strong, and content of molds is big, and respiratory intensity is high, and storage stability is poor.This Outside, fine impurities can reduce grain heap porosity, make damp and hot in grain heap to be not easy to distribute and the insecurity factor of foodstuff preservation.This A little impurity have largely buried hidden danger to the safe storage of grain;Also add the volume and inventory carrying cost of silo.Cause This, should reduce impurity content as far as possible before storage, it is ensured that the stabilization of grain storage.Cleaning equipment in grain machinery, by its function Classification, mainly has several equipment such as selection by winnowing, screening, gravity separation, different equipment has its different performance and feature, also respectively There is its deficiency.In the prior art, based on vibrating cleaning machine, composition includes rack and is mounted on the rack simultaneously for grain cleaning And sequentially connected feed system, vibrating screen and dust removal of pneumatic separation system, the material with various impurity enter machine by feed inlet, Go out impurity by the screen frame vibrating screen in machine, impurity is discharged by impurities outlet, and clean grain is by discharge port output, dust etc. Impurity then from the discharge of the slag notch of dust removal of pneumatic separation system, and is collected through dust-extraction unit.Grain cleaning equipment currently on the market The function of many products is all relatively single, seldom meet high throughput simultaneously and high-efficiency environment friendly clean, high-effective dust-removing and efficiently Recycling.
Utility model content
The utility model uses screw feeder conveying principle, and the compass screen surface for playing sieving actoion is semi-circular compass screen surface, increases compass screen surface fortune Sieving area on dynamic direction, to increase treating capacity.
Technical solution provided by the utility model are as follows:
A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device, successively includes: feeding device, big miscellaneous cleaning layer from top to bottom, in it is miscellaneous clear Manage layer and small miscellaneous cleaning layer;The cleaning layer includes:
Cabinet, has the quadrangle box of opening for top and bottom, and the bottom of box has tabula batten described Bottom of box opening is divided into screening outlet and impurities outlet;
Multiple sieves are semi-cylinder sieve, and the section of the sieve is semicircle, and the sieve is detachably secured to institute It states in cabinet, the sieve is located at screening outlet top;
Multiple conveying augers disposed in parallel, are rotatably supported in the cabinet, the conveying auger and the sieve Piece coaxial arrangement, the conveying auger length direction are vertical with the tabula batten length direction;
Wherein, the big miscellaneous cleaning layer and it is described in the sieve mesh diameter of miscellaneous cleaning layer be all larger than grain dia, it is described The sieve mesh diameter of small miscellaneous cleaning layer is less than grain dia, and the small impurity cleaning layer bottom further includes grain-export, sets It sets between screening outlet and the impurities outlet.
Preferably, the cabinet is stretched out in described conveying auger one end, and has driving gear, and the driving gear can The conveying auger is driven to rotate.
Preferably, further include chain, be set on the driving gear, be able to drive the driving gear rotation.
It preferably, further include baffle, setting is located above the impurities outlet in the top of the box.
Preferably, the feeding device includes:
Stock storehouse;
Enter silo, setting deposits grain bin bottom described, it is described enter silo side there is window, it is described enter silo connection The big miscellaneous cleaning layer;
Arrange six impeller of grain, be rotatably supported at it is described enter grain bin bottom;
Buffer board, be inclined at it is described enter silo below, be located at below six impeller of row's grain.
It preferably, further include deduster, setting is connected to the big miscellaneous cleaning layer in the big miscellaneous cleaning layer side Top.
Preferably, further include chassis, be arranged in the small miscellaneous cleaning layer bottom.
Preferably, the big miscellaneous cleaning layer and it is described in miscellaneous cleaning layer with maintenance door.
Beneficial effect described in the utility model
The utility model use screw feeder conveying principle, enter to sieve material particles under the action of screw feeder along screw feeder axially forward Mobile, the compass screen surface for playing sieving actoion is semi-circular compass screen surface, and semi-circular compass screen surface used in the utility model is along material movement side Upward arc, under same projection area, effective sifting area is the area after semicircle sieve expansion, increases compass screen surface fortune Sieving area on dynamic direction increases cleaning area compared with traditional sieve, to increase treating capacity.
Traditional screening machinery sieve generally tilts installation.The utility model sieve is horizontally mounted, in screening process, material With conveying screw feeder horizontal movement, effective projected area of sieve pore is increased, to increase screening efficiency.
Using row's six impeller of grain charging below material bin, and it is equipped with buffer board below row's six impeller of grain, material is advanced Enter storage silo, then row six impeller of grain effect under continuous uniform enter compass screen surface, improve sifting surface, avoid due to discontinuous Uneven charging, causes screening process discontinuous, to reduce screening efficiency.In addition, non-uniform charging can make compass screen surface stress Unevenly, service life of equipment is reduced.
Equipped with three layers of cleaning screen, discharge port be divided into grain-export, small impurities outlet, big impurity and middle impurity mixed export with And dust outlet.Wherein grain-export can directly be connected into conveying equipment, reduce other artificial links, reduce labour, save Cost.Dust outlet is equipped with cleaner, by negative pressure mode, will suck deduster, dust containing light miscellaneous and dust gas It is separated with gently miscellaneous by deduster.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of multiple coil cereal cleaning device described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of multiple coil cereal cleaning device described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the top view of multiple coil cereal cleaning device described in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of miscellaneous cleaning layer in described in the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the left view of miscellaneous cleaning layer in described in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of auger described in the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding inlet described in the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The following describes the utility model in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, to enable those skilled in the art referring to explanation Book text can be implemented accordingly.
As shown in Figure 1,1 object cleaning plant of multiple coil paddy provided by the utility model, comprising: sorting screen bottom bracket 1, Small impurities outlet 2, small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3, in miscellaneous cleaning layer 4, big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5, feeding inlet 6, ladder 7, air duct 8, grain-export 9, poly-doped impurity outlet 10, deduster 11 clears up layer driving motor 12 and row's six impeller drive motor 13 of grain.
As shown in Figure 2,3, wherein sorting screen bottom bracket 1 is placed on the ground, and small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3 is arranged in sorting screen The top of bottom bracket 1, in miscellaneous cleaning layer 4 be located at the top of small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3, big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 be located in miscellaneous cleaning layer 4 Top, the top of big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 have a feeding inlet 6, small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3, in miscellaneous cleaning layer 4, it is mutual between miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 greatly Connection.
Small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3 miscellaneous cleaning layer 4 in is respectively provided with small miscellaneous cleaning layer door 310 miscellaneous cleaning layer door 410 in, is used for Staff enters internal maintenance of equipment and maintenance.Small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3, in miscellaneous cleaning layer 4, big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 is installed small respectively Miscellaneous cleaning sieve 320, in miscellaneous cleaning sieve 420, big miscellaneous cleaning sieve 510, for clearing up different impurity;Wherein, small miscellaneous clear Reason layer 3 sieve top discharge end of miscellaneous cleaning layer 4 in is respectively provided with baffle 330 and baffle 430, for stopping screening process to takeoff Material, avoiding enter into impurity passage, 10 outflow causes grain accidentally to sieve from poly-doped impurity outlet.Arc deflector is housed inside air duct 8 820, it prevents internal flow from serious backflow phenomenon occur, reduces efficiency of dust collection.
Three cleaning layers are equipped with cleaning layer driving motor 12, drive conveying screw feeder 440 to rotate by chain 1220, driving Motor connects frequency converter, adjusts revolving speed according to the actual situation;Each chain is equipped with shield 1210, reduces dust adherency, increases chain Service life.Equipped with row's six impeller drive motor 13 of grain at the top of cleaning screen, row's six impeller 620 of grain rotation is driven by chain-wheel mechanism, The material of material bin storage silo 640 is uniformly discharged to compass screen surface, motor speed passes through Frequency Converter Control.Door is housed at the top of air duct 810, for entering internal maintenance of equipment and maintenance.
As Figure 4-Figure 6, big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 miscellaneous cleaning 4 structure of layer in are identical, comprising: cabinet is top and bottom Quadrangle box with opening, bottom of box opening is divided into screening outlet with tabula batten for the bottom of box and impurity goes out Mouthful;
Multiple conveying screw feeders 440 disposed in parallel, 440 both ends of conveying auger are connected on bearing block 1230 by bearing, In miscellaneous cleaning sieve 420 and conveying screw feeder 440 be co-axially mounted.Clear up layer two sides and pan feeding end face and baffle 450 be housed, for will under The grain fallen imports sieve 420.Sieve 420 is supported by sieve vertical support frame 460, and vertical support frame is fixed on horizontal bracket 470, The sieve of correspondingly sized sieve pore can be selected before work according to screening grain granule size, sieve is bolted, easy to disassemble.
Multiple sieves 420 are semi-cylinder sieve, and the section of sieve is semicircle, and sieve is detachably secured in cabinet, Sieve is located at screening outlet top;Conveying auger 440 and sieve 420 are coaxially disposed, conveying auger length direction and tabula batten Length direction is vertical.
Fig. 7 is pan feeding part, and the grain of storage silo 640 discharges it into big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 by six impeller 620 of row's grain, arranges grain It is equipped with buffer board 610 below six impellers, for stablizing row's grain speed of row's six impeller of grain, it is made uniformly to arrange grain.Below feed inlet Equipped with glass window 630, for observing the inner abnormal conditions of storage silo 640.Level sensor 650 is also equipped in storage silo, when Grain starts to alarm when being lower than level sensor, and equipment idle running is avoided to cause damages.
Working principle and process: the cleaning screen utilizes helical feed and solid granule grading principle, makes grain in quilt Impurity screening is realized during conveying screw feeder conveying.When work, miscellaneous cereal-containing food is transported by belt conveyor or bucket elevator It is stored in the storage silo 640 of pan feeding part 6.Start each cleaning layer driving motor, the row's of unlatching six impeller of grain after it is stablized Driving motor 13, the grain in storage silo 640 enter big miscellaneous cleaning layer 5 along buffer board 610 under the action of six impeller 620, Impurity passage cannot be taken to from 10 discharge of poly-doped impurity outlet by conveying screw feeder through the big impurity of big miscellaneous sieve 510.Through big The particle of miscellaneous sieve 510 enter in miscellaneous cleaning layer 4, in miscellaneous cleaning layer to act on be the medium-sized impurity of removing, cannot penetrate in miscellaneous sieve 420 medium-sized impurity is pushed into impurity passage by conveying screw feeder, from 10 discharge of poly-doped impurity outlet.Of miscellaneous sieve 420 through in Grain enters small miscellaneous cleaning layer 3, conveys screw feeder for grain and advances into grain-export 9, the clean grain of discharge is gone out by grain The small-sized impurity that the conveying equipment of mouth is transported, and separated by small miscellaneous sieve 320 enters small impurities outlet 2, is discharged the outer impurity of machine Collecting bag.It is also equipped with level sensor 650 in storage silo, starts to alarm when grain is lower than level sensor, closes set in time It is standby that equipment idle running is avoided to cause damages.When through spiral cleaner cleaning after grain meet requirements of the national standard, can be by paddy Object storage is used for other purposes
By taking corn as an example, after three-level is sieved, impurity screening efficiency reaches 99%.
The utility model use screw feeder conveying principle, enter to sieve material particles under the action of screw feeder along screw feeder axially forward Mobile, the compass screen surface for playing sieving actoion is semi-circular compass screen surface, and semi-circular compass screen surface used in the utility model is along material movement side Upward arc, under same projection area, effective sifting area is the area after semicircle sieve expansion, increases compass screen surface fortune Sieving area on dynamic direction increases cleaning area compared with traditional sieve, to increase treating capacity.
Traditional screening machinery sieve generally tilts installation.The utility model sieve is horizontally mounted, in screening process, material With conveying screw feeder horizontal movement, effective projected area of sieve pore is increased, to increase screening efficiency.
Using row's six impeller of grain charging below material bin, and it is equipped with buffer board below row's six impeller of grain, material is advanced Enter storage silo, then row six impeller of grain effect under continuous uniform enter compass screen surface, improve sifting surface, avoid due to discontinuous Uneven charging, causes screening process discontinuous, to reduce screening efficiency.In addition, non-uniform charging can make compass screen surface stress Unevenly, service life of equipment is reduced.
Equipped with three layers of cleaning screen, discharge port be divided into grain-export, small impurities outlet, big impurity and middle impurity mixed export with And dust outlet.Wherein grain-export can directly be connected into conveying equipment, reduce other artificial links, reduce labour, save Cost.Dust outlet is equipped with cleaner, by negative pressure mode, will suck deduster, dust containing light miscellaneous and dust gas It is separated with gently miscellaneous by deduster.
Traditional cleaning screen is generally equipped with vibration source, and for the course of work along with the vibration of vibration source, noise is larger, and is easy Cause equipment covibration, not only reduce equipment life, also will affect the health of operator.The utility model is stirred using conveying The helical feed mode of dragon promotes material, and noise is smaller in the course of work.Grain charging storage silo is provided with level sensor, real When monitoring material position variation, when grain face be lower than level sensor when, sound an alarm in time.
It is not only in the description and the implementation although the embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed as above Listed utilization, it can be applied to various fields suitable for the present invention completely, for those skilled in the art, Other modifications may be easily implemented, therefore without departing from the general concept defined in the claims and the equivalent scope, this reality It is not limited to specific details and legend shown and described herein with novel.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device, which is characterized in that from top to bottom successively include: feeding device, big miscellaneous cleaning Layer, in miscellaneous cleaning layer and small miscellaneous cleaning layer;The cleaning layer includes:
Cabinet, has the quadrangle box of opening for top and bottom, and the bottom of box has tabula batten by the cabinet Bottom opening is divided into screening outlet and impurities outlet;
Multiple sieves are semi-cylinder sieve, and the section of the sieve is semicircle, and the sieve is detachably secured to the case In vivo, the sieve is located at screening outlet top;
Multiple conveying augers disposed in parallel, are rotatably supported in the cabinet, and the conveying auger and the sieve are same Axis setting, the conveying auger length direction are vertical with the tabula batten length direction;
Wherein, the big miscellaneous cleaning layer and it is described in the sieve mesh diameter of miscellaneous cleaning layer be all larger than grain dia, it is described small miscellaneous The sieve mesh diameter for clearing up layer is less than grain dia, and the small miscellaneous cleaning layer bottom further includes grain-export, is arranged in institute It states between screening outlet and the impurities outlet.
2. multiple coil cereal cleaning device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described conveying auger one end is stretched out The cabinet, and there is driving gear, the driving gear is able to drive the conveying auger rotation.
3. multiple coil cereal cleaning device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that further include chain, be set in On the driving gear, it is able to drive the driving gear rotation.
4. multiple coil cereal cleaning device according to claim 2 or 3, which is characterized in that it further include baffle, setting In the top of the box, it is located above the impurities outlet.
5. multiple coil cereal cleaning device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the feeding device includes:
Stock storehouse;
Enter silo, setting deposits grain bin bottom described, it is described enter silo side there is window, it is described enter silo connection described in Big miscellaneous cleaning layer;
Arrange six impeller of grain, be rotatably supported at it is described enter grain bin bottom;
Buffer board, be inclined at it is described enter silo below, be located at below six impeller of row's grain.
6. multiple coil cereal cleaning device described in any one of -3,5 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include removing Dirt device, setting are connected at the top of the big miscellaneous cleaning layer in the big miscellaneous cleaning layer side.
7. multiple coil cereal cleaning device according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include chassis, setting exists The small miscellaneous cleaning layer bottom.
8. multiple coil cereal cleaning device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the big miscellaneous cleaning layer and described In miscellaneous cleaning layer have maintenance door.
CN201822109183.7U 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device Active CN209189260U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822109183.7U CN209189260U (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822109183.7U CN209189260U (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209189260U true CN209189260U (en) 2019-08-02

Family

ID=67429255

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201822109183.7U Active CN209189260U (en) 2018-12-14 2018-12-14 A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209189260U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109396041A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-01 吉林大学 A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device and its sieve lower calculation of yield method
CN111659673A (en) * 2020-06-06 2020-09-15 辰溪县清水塘农业综合开发有限公司 Impurity removal and elutriation integrated equipment for sand-containing rice

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109396041A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-03-01 吉林大学 A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device and its sieve lower calculation of yield method
CN111659673A (en) * 2020-06-06 2020-09-15 辰溪县清水塘农业综合开发有限公司 Impurity removal and elutriation integrated equipment for sand-containing rice

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103521452B (en) A kind of environment-friendly type compound grain cleaner
US7614120B2 (en) Seed cleaner
CN209588643U (en) A kind of grain drying device
CN209189260U (en) A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device
CN203565372U (en) Environment-friendly combined grain scalping machine
CN112058621A (en) Combined type grain cleaning equipment capable of removing dust
CN208555030U (en) A kind of rotation vibration grain cleaning screen
CN212212606U (en) Processing production line for improving quality of macadamia nuts
CN206229620U (en) A kind of receiving sieve of fine screening
CN209953266U (en) Corn seed sieve separator of edulcoration
CN217303499U (en) Ventilation drying device is used in rice processing
CN203565315U (en) Drum sieve used for compound cleaning of grains
CN203565373U (en) Cloth bag dust removal device used for grain cleaner
CN207271636U (en) A kind of new self-balance vibrating cleaning sieve
CN109261516A (en) A kind of combined fan formula oat kicker
CN109699594A (en) A kind of regulating multi-functional insects and nutriment separator
CN109396041A (en) A kind of multiple coil cereal cleaning device and its sieve lower calculation of yield method
CN204912087U (en) Portable combination clearance sieve
CN108338011A (en) A kind of in-flow drum sieve cleaning plant for particulate crop harvest
CN206168805U (en) Cereal autofilter machine
CN213287663U (en) Combined cleaning sieve
CN107838033A (en) A kind of intelligent environment protection wind-force grain selecting machine
CN208357243U (en) A kind of grain cleaning machine
CN208047357U (en) A kind of in-flow drum sieve cleaning plant for particulate crop harvest
CN208743066U (en) A kind of seed winnower

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant