CN212164234U - Silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding - Google Patents

Silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212164234U
CN212164234U CN202020436691.0U CN202020436691U CN212164234U CN 212164234 U CN212164234 U CN 212164234U CN 202020436691 U CN202020436691 U CN 202020436691U CN 212164234 U CN212164234 U CN 212164234U
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ear
conveying box
pollen
telescopic cylinder
conveying
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金春来
张帅
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Inner Mongolia Jinling Silage Corn Seed Industry Co ltd
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Inner Mongolia Jinling Silage Corn Seed Industry Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a pollen collecting device for silage corn breeding, which comprises a conveying box with an opening at one end, wherein the other end of the conveying box is provided with a pollen outlet, one side of the conveying box is hung with a pollen collecting bag, the bottom or the side part of the conveying box is fixedly provided with a fan, and the pollen outlet, the fan and the pollen collecting bag are sequentially connected in a sealing way through a conveying pipe; the lower part of the conveying box is provided with two groups of supporting devices, each group of supporting devices comprises a supporting rod, a first telescopic cylinder and a second telescopic cylinder, the first telescopic cylinder and the second telescopic cylinder are hinged to the supporting rod, and one end of the supporting rod and the movable end of the first telescopic cylinder are hinged to the lower box wall of the conveying box. According to the invention, the supporting device is arranged, the height of the ear picking device is adjusted by adjusting the length of the second telescopic cylinder so as to adapt to the silage height, and the levels of the ear picking device and the conveying box are adjusted by adjusting the length of the first telescopic cylinder, so that the mechanized collection operation is realized.

Description

Silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to a pollen collection system especially relates to a silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding.
Background art:
the silage corn is the main form of silage supply in the livestock husbandry in northern China, and has relatively high biological yield and feeding value. Under the condition of limited farmland resources, the utilization of the silage corns plays an important role in developing the livestock breeding industry and relieving the problem of feed shortage. Due to the climate factors in northern China, a variety with short growth period, close planting resistance and good green-keeping property must be selected. The corn feed has the greatest difference from corn kernels in that the feed value (the whole plant yield and the quality) is emphasized, the feed has good nutritional quality and high return rate, and the feeding cost is directly reduced. In view of this, the selection of silage maize varieties is required.
When the silage maize is bred, a pollen collecting device is needed to collect the pollen of the male parent stamens of the silage maize for pollination of the parent inbred line. However, the conventional pollen collection method is to manually turn the stamens to be bent, shake the stamens, shake the pollen in the bearing disc and then collect the pollen in the bearing disc, and has the problems of low working efficiency and high labor intensity, and is only suitable for small-scale breeding tests; the pollen collecting device is also adopted for collection, but most of the existing pollen collecting devices are handheld and are formed by collecting and collecting batteries, a fan, an air pipe and pollen, when the pollen collecting device is used, the air pipe is aligned to stamens of male parents of silage corns by the handheld device, the fan is started, negative pressure air draft is carried out, stamen pollen is pumped into a pollen collecting bag, the collected pollen is rich in impurities, after the pollen is collected by the traditional pollen collecting device under negative pressure, collected products are not treated, so that part of silage ears and leaves are sucked into the collecting bag together, and the pollination work in the later stage is influenced; in addition, regardless of manual collection or collection by using a pollen collecting device, the silage corns after pollen collection need to be harvested manually or mechanically, and the procedure is complicated.
The utility model has the following contents:
an object of the utility model is to provide a silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding.
The utility model discloses by following technical scheme implement: a pollen collecting device for silage corn breeding comprises a conveying box with an opening at one end, a pollen outlet is formed in the other end of the conveying box, a pollen collecting bag is hung on one side of the conveying box, a fan is fixedly arranged at the bottom or the side of the conveying box, and the pollen outlet, the fan and the pollen collecting bag are sequentially connected in a sealing mode through conveying pipes;
the lower part of the conveying box is provided with two groups of supporting devices, each group of supporting devices comprises a supporting rod, a first telescopic cylinder and a second telescopic cylinder, the first telescopic cylinder and the second telescopic cylinder are hinged to the supporting rod, and one end of the supporting rod and the movable end of the first telescopic cylinder are hinged to the lower box wall of the conveying box.
The corn ear picking device comprises a supporting plate, more than two grain lifters are horizontally arranged at one end of the supporting plate, a pair of ear poking chains are arranged on the opposite inner sides of the adjacent grain lifters, ear poking hooks are arranged on the ear poking chains at intervals, the bending direction of the ear poking hooks faces the supporting plate, and a circle of cutter is arranged on the ear poking chains along the ear poking direction; each ear-pulling chain is fixed with the grain lifter through two ear-pulling rollers, a pair of meshed gears is fixedly arranged on the two adjacent ear-pulling rollers of each pair of ear-pulling chains, a transmission wheel is also fixedly arranged on one ear-pulling roller of each pair of ear-pulling chains, and each transmission wheel is in transmission connection and driven by a motor;
the separation device comprises a conveying roller and a filter screen;
the other end of the supporting plate is fixedly connected with the open end of the conveying box, the filter screen is arranged in the conveying box, the conveying roller is arranged in the conveying box at one side, close to the ear picking device, of the filter screen, and the two ends of the conveying roller penetrate through the side wall of the conveying box and are rotatably connected with the side wall.
Further, the filter screen is the arc net, the filter screen with the conveying roller laminating sets up.
The utility model is suitable for a silage maize breeding work that has certain experimental scale uses, can carry out pollen collection and reap the combined operation to silage in flourishing flowering phase, also can adopt traditional mode to gather pollen in the early stage, treats that silage maize gets into the pollen collection and the combined operation of reaping that the later stage of flowering carries out the ending nature.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. according to the corn silage harvester, the supporting device is arranged at the upper part of the corn silage harvester, the height of the ear picking device is adjusted by adjusting the length of the second telescopic cylinder to adapt to the silage height, the levels of the ear picking device and the conveying box are adjusted by adjusting the length of the first telescopic cylinder, mechanical collection operation is further achieved, and the problems of high labor intensity and low working efficiency of a traditional silage corn pollen collection device during manual operation are solved.
2. This device is when pollen is gathered, open the motor of fan, the maize silage harvester in-process that advances, collection system's lifter at first rights the silage ear of grain and leading-in group ear of grain chain, carry to the carriage direction under the effect of group ear of grain chain and group ear of grain collude, the cutter is to its cutting simultaneously, whole silage ear of grain is cut away and is sent into in the carriage, and finally discharge the carriage through the conveying roller, at group ear of grain, cut the ear of grain, carry and the in-process of discharge silage ear of grain, owing to there is the fan to provide the negative pressure, the pollen is sent into in the pollen collection bag continuously. The problem of the pollen impurity that traditional pollen collection system collected many, and then influence later stage pollination work is solved.
3. This device is through installing on maize silage harvester, has realized reaping of stem stalk crushing when collecting pollen, and the procedure is simple, has solved traditional pollen and has collected and stem stalk reaped the problem of going on step by step.
Description of the drawings:
in order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a pollen collecting device for selective breeding of silage corn in this embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a pollen collecting device for selective breeding of silage corn in this embodiment;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a transmission mechanism in the snapping device of this embodiment.
In the figure: conveying box 1, pollen collection bag 2, fan 3, conveyer pipe 4, bracing piece 5, first telescoping cylinder 6, second telescoping cylinder 7, backup pad 8, lifter 9, group ear of grain chain 10, group ear of grain colludes 11, cutter 12, gear 13, transfer gear 14, motor 15, conveying roller 16, filter screen 17.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
A pollen collecting device for silage corn breeding comprises a conveying box 1 with an opening at one end, a pollen outlet is formed in the other end of the conveying box 1, a pollen collecting bag 2 is hung on one side of the conveying box 1, a fan 3 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the conveying box 1, and the pollen outlet, the fan 3 and the pollen collecting bag 2 are sequentially connected in a sealing mode through a conveying pipe 4;
the lower part of the conveying box 1 is provided with two groups of supporting devices, each group of supporting devices comprises a supporting rod 5 and a first telescopic cylinder 6 and a second telescopic cylinder 7 which are hinged on the supporting rod 5, and one end of the supporting rod 5 and the movable end of the first telescopic cylinder 6 are hinged with the lower box wall of the conveying box 1.
As a specific implementation mode, the corn ear picking device further comprises a corn ear picking device and a separating device, the corn ear picking device comprises a supporting plate 8, one end of the supporting plate 8 is horizontally provided with more than two grain lifters 9, the opposite inner sides of the adjacent grain lifters 9 are provided with a pair of corn ear poking chains 10, corn ear poking hooks 11 are arranged on the corn ear poking chains 10 at intervals, the bending direction of the corn ear poking hooks 11 faces the supporting plate 8, and a circle of cutters 12 are arranged on the corn ear poking chains 10 along the corn ear poking direction; each ear-pulling chain is fixed with the grain lifter 9 through two ear-pulling rollers, a pair of meshed gears 13 is fixedly arranged on the two adjacent ear-pulling rollers of each pair of ear-pulling chains 10, a conveying wheel 14 is also fixedly arranged on one ear-pulling roller of each pair of ear-pulling chains 10, and each conveying wheel 14 is in transmission connection and driven by a motor 15;
the separating device comprises a conveying roller 16 and a filter screen 17;
the other end of backup pad 8 and the open end fixed connection of delivery box 1 are equipped with filter screen 17 in delivery box 1 middle part, and filter screen 17 is equipped with conveying roller 16 in being close to one side delivery box 1 of plucking the ear of grain device, and the lateral wall of delivery box 1 is run through at the both ends of conveying roller 16 to rotate with the lateral wall and be connected.
The filter screen 17 is an arc-shaped screen, and the filter screen 17 is attached to the conveying roller 16.
The working principle is as follows:
1. preparation work: the supporting device is arranged at the upper part of the corn silage harvester, and the supporting rod 5 and the movable end of the second telescopic cylinder 7 are hinged on the corn silage harvester to realize fixation; the height of the ear picking device is adjusted by adjusting the length of the second telescopic cylinder 7 to adapt to the silage height, and the horizontal positions of the ear picking device and the conveying box 1 are adjusted by adjusting the length of the first telescopic cylinder 6
2. Collecting: the motor 15 of the fan 3 is started, in the advancing process of the corn silage harvester, the grain lifter 9 of the collecting device firstly corrects and guides the silage ears into the ear poking chain 10, the silage ears are conveyed towards the conveying box 1 under the action of the ear poking chain 10 and the ear poking hook 11, meanwhile, the cutter 12 cuts the silage ears, the whole silage ears are cut off and conveyed into the conveying box 1, and finally the silage ears are discharged out of the conveying box 1 through the conveying roller 16, and in the processes of ear poking, ear cutting, conveying and discharging the silage ears, the pollen is continuously conveyed into the pollen collecting bag due to the negative pressure provided by the fan 3.
3. Corn ensiling and harvesting: the silage corns after pollen collection are harvested and crushed by a harvester, and can be used as silage for feeding and also can be made into silage for feeding.
The grain lifter 9 and the ear poking chain 10 in the scheme can be arranged according to the form of the corn harvester, so that the stalks can be straightened, and the top ears are cut off by the cutter 12; the fan 3 and the motor 15 in the scheme can adopt independent storage batteries for power supply and can also be connected with the power of a corn ensiling harvester; the first telescopic cylinder 6 in the scheme can be adjusted manually, and can also be connected with a hydraulic system of the corn silage harvester, so that the functions of collecting and adjusting are realized.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The pollen collecting device for silage corn breeding is characterized by comprising a conveying box with an opening at one end, a pollen outlet is formed in the other end of the conveying box, a pollen collecting bag is hung on one side of the conveying box, a fan is fixedly arranged at the bottom or the side of the conveying box, and the pollen outlet, the fan and the pollen collecting bag are sequentially connected in a sealing mode through conveying pipes;
the lower part of the conveying box is provided with two groups of supporting devices, each group of supporting devices comprises a supporting rod, a first telescopic cylinder and a second telescopic cylinder, the first telescopic cylinder and the second telescopic cylinder are hinged to the supporting rod, and one end of the supporting rod and the movable end of the first telescopic cylinder are hinged to the lower box wall of the conveying box.
2. The pollen collecting device for selective breeding of silage corns as claimed in claim 1, further comprising an ear picking device and a separating device, wherein the ear picking device comprises a supporting plate, one end of the supporting plate is horizontally provided with more than two grain lifters, a pair of ear poking chains are arranged on the opposite inner sides of the adjacent grain lifters, ear poking hooks are arranged on the ear poking chains at intervals, the bending direction of the ear poking hooks faces to the supporting plate, and a circle of cutters are arranged on the ear poking chains along the ear poking direction; each ear-pulling chain is fixed with the grain lifter through two ear-pulling rollers, a pair of meshed gears is fixedly arranged on the two adjacent ear-pulling rollers of each pair of ear-pulling chains, a transmission wheel is also fixedly arranged on one ear-pulling roller of each pair of ear-pulling chains, and each transmission wheel is in transmission connection and driven by a motor;
the separation device comprises a conveying roller and a filter screen;
the other end of the supporting plate is fixedly connected with the open end of the conveying box, the filter screen is arranged in the conveying box, the conveying roller is arranged in the conveying box at one side, close to the ear picking device, of the filter screen, and the two ends of the conveying roller penetrate through the side wall of the conveying box and are rotatably connected with the side wall.
3. The pollen collecting device for selective breeding of silage corns as claimed in claim 2, wherein the filter screen is an arc-shaped screen, and the filter screen is attached to the conveying roller.
CN202020436691.0U 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding Active CN212164234U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020436691.0U CN212164234U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Silage maize is pollen collection system for selective breeding

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112772154A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-05-11 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Pollen collecting device and pollen collecting method for corn breeding

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112772154A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-05-11 山东省潍坊市农业科学院 Pollen collecting device and pollen collecting method for corn breeding

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