CN202514306U - Corn ear and stalk combine harvester - Google Patents

Corn ear and stalk combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202514306U
CN202514306U CN2012200168579U CN201220016857U CN202514306U CN 202514306 U CN202514306 U CN 202514306U CN 2012200168579 U CN2012200168579 U CN 2012200168579U CN 201220016857 U CN201220016857 U CN 201220016857U CN 202514306 U CN202514306 U CN 202514306U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
taiwan
ceding
corn
feeding roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012200168579U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐自成
刘继元
荐世春
马继春
姜伟
栗慧卿
王小瑜
李青龙
曲萍
宫学良
位国建
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Shandong Agriculture Machinery Research Institute
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Shandong Agriculture Machinery Research Institute
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Priority to CN2012200168579U priority Critical patent/CN202514306U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202514306U publication Critical patent/CN202514306U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an agricultural machine, in particular to a multifunctional corn ear and stalk combine harvester, which comprises an upper header and a lower header, wherein the upper header is a corn ear picking table and the lower header is a corn stalk harvesting table. The corn ear and stalk combine harvester additionally comprises an ear harvesting collection tank device, a stalk cutting device, a stalk throwing device, a stalk bundling machine, an intermediate transmission device, a stalk stubble cleaning and returning-to-field device which is installed at the rear lower part of the rack, and the like. Compared with the prior art, the corn ear and stalk combine harvester has the characteristics that the functions of picking, husking and collecting corn ears, laying stalks, cutting and returning the stalks to the field, cutting and recovering the stalks as feed or industrial raw materials and cleaning and returning stalk stubbles to the field can be realized on the same machine, the demands of different areas and different users can be met, and the operating function and the trans-regional operation adaptability of the corn combine harvester and the comprehensive utilization capacity of corn stalks are greatly improved.

Description

The corncob and stalk corn combined harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, especially a kind of corn ear results, fruit ear peeling and collection case, the corncob and stalk corn combined harvester of maize straw cutting, strip laying, mincing and returning to the field, chopping recovery, rotary tillage stubble-cleaning, chopping bundling.
Background technology
Corn is one of three generalized grain crops of China, also is high-quality feed and medicine, industrial chemicals, and the seed of corn, stem stalk are precious all of great use all over the body.China's maize sown area is big, and stalk output is high, but owing to there is not suitable fringe and stalk harvesting type harvest machinery, the mechanization level of China's Maize Production and the comprehensive utilization degree of maize straw are very low.Corn harvesting machine is of a great variety both at home and abroad at present; Be main mainly with corn ear results and straw-returning; But the fringe and stalk harvesting type corn combined harvester that is suitable for China's national situation is studied and is used seldom; The research of self-propelled multi-functional corncob and stalk corn combined harvester still less can not be satisfied strip laying, mincing and returning to the field, chopping recovery, rotary tillage stubble-cleaning, the different demands of chopping bundling that different regions and different user are utilized maize straw.
The utility model content
The technical assignment of the utility model is the weak point to above present situation, provides a kind of and can realize on a machine that corn ear results, fruit ear peeling, fruit ear collection case and maize straw are put in order straw lay, mincing and returning to the field, chopping is directly reclaimed or shred also multi-functional corncob and stalk corn combined harvester such as field of bundling recovery, stubble-cleaning.The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopted: the utility model comprises the ceding of Taiwan of upper and lower double-layer structure; Parts such as fruit ear results collection case apparatus by preceding conveying, debarker, back conveying, tanker are formed also comprise straw chopping apparatus, stalk slinger, straw baler, intermediate gearing and stalk stubble-cleaning returning device; Upper strata ceding of Taiwan structural group becomes toothed plate type ear harvesting bench, round edge blade screw feeder and jackshaft drive assembly, and the outside of jackshaft drive assembly is provided with upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis, and the upper strata ceding of Taiwan revolution that is provided with in upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis and the lower floor ceding of Taiwan is supported and linked to each other; The upper strata ceding of Taiwan is positioned at the place ahead of reaping machine, and the top of lower floor's ceding of Taiwan is connected with the lower floor header frame through upper strata ceding of Taiwan support cylinder independently; Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan structural group becomes the stalk cutter, stalk carries screw feeder, stalk conveying box, lower floor's header frame and upper strata ceding of Taiwan revolution to support, and lower floor's ceding of Taiwan support cylinder links to each other with the frame of reaping machine; Straw chopping apparatus is provided with the automatic grinding device and ceding of Taiwan revolution is supported, and the front end of straw chopping apparatus is connected with the stalk conveying box, supports through the ceding of Taiwan revolution at straw chopping apparatus two ends to link to each other with frame; The stalk slinger is positioned at the driver's cabin of frame upper end and the centre of debarker, comprises stalk feeding transition conduit and throwing pipe, and the front end of stalk feeding transition conduit floats with the outlet of straw chopping apparatus and is connected, and throwing pipe place is provided with rotary fluid motor; Straw baler is installed on the frame upper back of reaping machine, the right side of tanker; Intermediate gearing is positioned at the bottom of stalk slinger, links to each other with main drive; Stalk stubble-cleaning returning device is installed on the back lower place of reaping machine.
Described stalk carries the below of screw feeder to be provided with the stalk lay baffle plate of automatic control; Feeding roller top roll, preceding feeding roller lower roll, middle feeding roller top roll, middle feeding roller lower roll and back feeding roller before the stalk conveying box is provided with; Preceding feeding roller top roll, middle feeding roller top roll and back feed roller and connect as one through connecting rod, and connecting rod is provided with floating spring.
The upper end of described throwing pipe is provided with connection cylindrical shell and outlet cylindrical shell, connects cylindrical shell and links to each other with the throwing pipe, exports cylindrical shell and is connected the cylindrical shell connection, connects between simplified and the throwing pipe to be provided with the adjusting oil cylinder, is provided with movable rod between throwing pipe and the outlet cylindrical shell.
The stalks cutting that the bottom of described straw chopping apparatus is provided with automatic control is the field baffle plate also, and stalk reflection deflector is housed.
The corncob and stalk corn combined harvester of the utility model is compared with prior art; Have following characteristics: one, the utility model adopts the upper and lower double-deck ceding of Taiwan, and stem drawing force is strong during harvesting corn, draws stem rapid; Disconnected stem is few; Little to the corn ear damage, seed damage rate and fruit ear percentage of impurity are low, are difficult for stopping up; Two, the utility model is provided with fruit ear results collection case apparatus, straw chopping apparatus, stalk slinger, straw baler, intermediate gearing and stalk stubble-cleaning returning device; Like this can realize on same the machine with the whole straw lay of maize straw recycle, mincing and returning to the field with increase soil fertility, chopping reclaim as the raw material of feed or biological system carbon, chopping bundling reclaim through after the ammonification as silage fodder, the residual stalk in ground after the results is carried out also field of stubble-cleaning; Energy resource consumption and soil compaction have been reduced; Protected ecotope; Help plant growth; Improved the effect of stalk comprehensive utilization; Can satisfy different regions and different user demand simultaneously, expand the adaptive capacity of corncob and stalk corn combined harvester greatly, for the cross-regional operation of corncob and stalk corn combined harvester provides advantage different regions and different user demands to the multiple different disposal mode of maize straw.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further specified.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of corncob and stalk corn combined harvester;
Accompanying drawing 2 is structural representations of the corncob and stalk corn combined harvester upper strata ceding of Taiwan;
Accompanying drawing 3 is partial structurtes sketch mapes of the ceding of Taiwan of corncob and stalk corn combined harvester lower floor, straw chopping apparatus and stalk slinger.
Among the figure: 1, toothed plate type ear harvesting bench; 2, upper strata ceding of Taiwan support cylinder; 3, lower floor's header frame; 4, stalk cutter; 5, driver's cabin; 6, stalk is carried screw feeder; 7, stalk lay baffle plate; 8, stalk conveying box; 9, straw chopping apparatus; 10, lower floor's ceding of Taiwan support cylinder; 11, stalks cutting field baffle plate also; 12, stalk feeding transition conduit; 13, intermediate gearing; 14, stalk slinger; 15, debarker; 16, main drive; 17, carry the back; 18, engine; 19, tanker; 20, stalk stubble-cleaning returning device; 21, automatic grinding device; 22, preceding conveying; 23, frame; 24, straw baler; 25, jackshaft drive assembly; 26, upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis; 27, round edge blade screw feeder; 28, preceding feeding roller lower roll; 29, middle feeding roller top roll; 30, middle feeding roller lower roll; 31, back feeding roller; 32, stalk reflection deflector; 33, rotary fluid motor; 34, throwing pipe; 35, regulate oil cylinder; 36, connect cylindrical shell; 37, movable rod; 38, outlet cylindrical shell; 39, ceding of Taiwan revolution is supported; 40, connecting rod; 41, ceding of Taiwan revolution in upper strata is supported; 42, floating spring; 43, preceding feeding roller top roll.
Embodiment
With reference to explanation at length below 1 pair of corncob and stalk corn combined harvester work of Figure of description.
The corncob and stalk corn combined harvester of the utility model comprises the ceding of Taiwan of upper and lower double-layer structure; Fruit ear results by preceding conveying 22, debarker 15, back carry 17, tanker 19 is formed collect case apparatus, also comprise parts such as straw chopping apparatus 9, stalk slinger 14, straw baler 24, intermediate gearing 13 and stalk stubble-cleaning returning device 20.It is toothed plate type ear harvesting bench 1, round edge blade screw feeder 27 and jackshaft drive assembly 25 that described upper strata ceding of Taiwan structure is formed; The outside of jackshaft drive assembly 25 is provided with upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis 26, and the upper strata ceding of Taiwan revolution that is provided with in upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis 26 and the lower floor ceding of Taiwan is supported 41 and linked to each other; The upper strata ceding of Taiwan is positioned at the place ahead of reaping machine, and the top of lower floor's ceding of Taiwan is connected with lower floor header frame 3 through upper strata ceding of Taiwan support cylinder 2 independently, and that regulates the upper strata ceding of Taiwan plucks fringe height and terrain clearance.The ceding of Taiwan of described lower floor comprises stalk cutter 4, stalk conveying screw feeder 6, stalk conveying box 8, lower floor's header frame 3 and upper strata ceding of Taiwan revolution support 41; Stalk cutter 4 carries screw feeder 6 to be rigidly connected with stalk; Be positioned at stalk and carry the front portion of screw feeder 6, simultaneously stalk is fed stalk behind the stalk cutter 4 cut-out stalks and carry screw feeder 6 to carry, it is the helical blade type structure that stalk is carried screw feeder 6; Be positioned at the rear portion of stalk cutter 4; Link to each other with stalk conveying box 8, its outlet communicates with the inlet of stalk conveying box 8, and lower floor's ceding of Taiwan support cylinder 10 links to each other with the frame 23 of reaping machine; Regulate the terrain clearance and the cutting height of maize straw of lower floor's ceding of Taiwan, simultaneously the also terrain clearance of the scalable upper strata ceding of Taiwan and pluck the fringe height.Described straw chopping apparatus 9 is provided with automatic grinding device 21 and supports 39 with ceding of Taiwan revolution; The front end of straw chopping apparatus 9 is connected with stalk conveying box 8; Ceding of Taiwan revolution through straw chopping apparatus 9 two ends is supported 39 and is linked to each other with frame 23, under the effect of lower floor's ceding of Taiwan support cylinder 10 and lower floor's ceding of Taiwan rotate simultaneously.Described stalk slinger 14 is positioned at the centre of the driver's cabin 5 and the debarker 15 of frame 23 upper ends; Comprise stalk feeding transition conduit 12 and throwing pipe 34; The front end of stalk feeding transition conduit 12 floats with the outlet of straw chopping apparatus 9 and is connected; Throwing pipe 34 places are provided with rotary fluid motor 33, can be through rotary fluid motor to the 360 degree rotations of throwing pipe, the direction of regulating the stalk throwing.Described straw baler 24 is installed on frame 23 upper backs of reaping machine, the side of tanker 19, to by outlet simplified 38 choppings of coming out the direct bundling of stalk reclaim.Described intermediate gearing 13 is positioned at the bottom of stalk slinger 14, links to each other with main drive 16, for straw chopping apparatus, stalk slinger and the upper strata ceding of Taiwan and lower floor's ceding of Taiwan provide power.Described stalk stubble-cleaning returning device 20 is installed on the back lower place of reaping machine, and the residual stalk of gathering in the crops ground, back is carried out also field of stubble-cleaning.
Described stalk carries the below of screw feeder 6 to be provided with the stalk lay baffle plate 7 of automatic control; Feeding roller top roll 43, preceding feeding roller lower roll 28, middle feeding roller top roll 29, middle feeding roller lower roll 30 and back feeding roller 31 before stalk conveying box 8 is provided with; Before feeding roller top roll 43, middle feeding roller top roll 29 and back feeding roller 31 connect as one through connecting rod 40; Connecting rod 40 is provided with floating spring 42; Whole floating adjusted the conveying gap of stalk conveying box 8 automatically when can be implemented in the stalk feeding.Open stalk and carry the stalk lay baffle plate 7 of screw feeder 6 belows, and feed roller lower roll 28 before pulling down, can realize the strip laying of maize straw.
The upper end of described throwing pipe 34 is provided with and connects cylindrical shell 36 and outlet simplified 38; Connecting cylindrical shell 36 links to each other with throwing pipe 34; Export cylindrical shell 38 and be connected simplified 36 connections; Connect to be provided with between cylindrical shell 36 and the throwing pipe 34 and regulate oil cylinder 35, be provided with movable rod 37 between throwing pipe 34 and the outlet cylindrical shell 38, can 90 ° of thrown directions of regulating stalk
The stalks cutting that the bottom of described straw chopping apparatus 9 is provided with automatic control is field baffle plate 11 also, and stalk reflection deflector 32 is housed, and opens also field baffle plate 11 of stalks cutting, can realize the mincing and returning to the field of maize straw.

Claims (4)

1. corncob and stalk corn combined harvester; Comprise the ceding of Taiwan of upper and lower double-layer structure; Fruit ear results collection case apparatus parts by preceding conveying (22), debarker (15), back carry (17), tanker (19) to form is characterized in that: also comprise straw chopping apparatus (9), stalk slinger (14), straw baler (24), intermediate gearing (13) and stalk stubble-cleaning returning device (20); Upper strata ceding of Taiwan structural group becomes toothed plate type ear harvesting bench (1), round edge blade screw feeder (27) and jackshaft drive assembly (25); The outside of jackshaft drive assembly (25) is provided with upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis (26), and the upper strata ceding of Taiwan revolution that is provided with in upper strata ceding of Taiwan gyroaxis (26) and the lower floor ceding of Taiwan is supported (41) and linked to each other; The upper strata ceding of Taiwan is positioned at the place ahead of reaping machine, and the top of lower floor's ceding of Taiwan is connected with lower floor's header frame (3) through upper strata ceding of Taiwan support cylinder (2) independently; Lower floor's ceding of Taiwan structural group becomes stalk cutter (4), stalk carries screw feeder (6), stalk conveying box (8), lower floor's header frame (3) and upper strata ceding of Taiwan revolution to support (41), and lower floor's ceding of Taiwan support cylinder (10) links to each other with the frame (23) of reaping machine; Straw chopping apparatus (9) is provided with automatic grinding device (21) and (39) are supported in ceding of Taiwan revolution, and the front end of straw chopping apparatus (9) is connected with stalk conveying box (8), supports (39) through the ceding of Taiwan revolution at straw chopping apparatus (9) two ends and links to each other with frame (23); Stalk slinger (14) is positioned at the driver's cabin (5) of frame (23) upper end and the centre of debarker (15); Comprise stalk feeding transition conduit (12) and throwing pipe (34); The front end of stalk feeding transition conduit (12) floats with the outlet of straw chopping apparatus (9) and is connected, and throwing pipe (34) locates to be provided with rotary fluid motor (33); Straw baler (24) is installed on frame (23) upper back of reaping machine, the side of tanker (19); Intermediate gearing (13) is positioned at the bottom of stalk slinger (14), links to each other with main drive (16); Stalk stubble-cleaning returning device (20) is installed on the back lower place of reaping machine.
2. corncob and stalk corn combined harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that the below of described stalk conveying screw feeder (6) is provided with the stalk lay baffle plate (7) of automatic control; Feeding roller top roll (43), preceding feeding roller lower roll (28), middle feeding roller top roll (29), middle feeding roller lower roll (30) and back feeding roller (31) before stalk conveying box (8) is provided with; Preceding feeding roller top roll (43), middle feeding roller top roll (29) and back feed roller (31) and connect as one through connecting rod (40), and connecting rod (40) is provided with floating spring (42).
3. corncob and stalk corn combined harvester according to claim 1 and 2; The upper end that it is characterized in that described throwing pipe (34) is provided with connection cylindrical shell (36) and outlet cylindrical shell (38); Connecting cylindrical shell (36) links to each other with throwing pipe (34); Export cylindrical shell (38) and be connected cylindrical shell (36) connection, connect to be provided with between cylindrical shell (36) and the throwing pipe (34) and regulate oil cylinder (35), be provided with movable rod (37) between throwing pipe (34) and the outlet cylindrical shell (38).
4. the stalks cutting that corncob and stalk corn combined harvester according to claim 3, the bottom that it is characterized in that described straw chopping apparatus (9) are provided with automatic control is field baffle plate (11) also, and stalk reflection deflector (32) is housed.
CN2012200168579U 2012-01-16 2012-01-16 Corn ear and stalk combine harvester Expired - Fee Related CN202514306U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102523827A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Corn combine harvester for both ears and stalks
CN103004364A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-03 郭元章 Multifunctional harvesting machine
CN103314711A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-25 杨野 Maize harvester capable of bundling stalks continuously
CN105075513A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-25 柏正球 Paddy rice harvester having transmission and harvesting method
CN108307786A (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-07-24 湘潭智联技术转移促进有限责任公司 Harvester
CN109168572A (en) * 2018-08-01 2019-01-11 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 A kind of feeding mechanism of corn straw harvesting bundling all-in-one machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102523827A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 山东省农业机械科学研究所 Corn combine harvester for both ears and stalks
CN103004364A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-03 郭元章 Multifunctional harvesting machine
CN103314711A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-25 杨野 Maize harvester capable of bundling stalks continuously
CN103314711B (en) * 2013-06-08 2015-05-06 杨野 Maize harvester capable of bundling stalks continuously
CN105075513A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-11-25 柏正球 Paddy rice harvester having transmission and harvesting method
CN105075513B (en) * 2015-06-15 2018-02-13 柏正球 A kind of rice harvester and harvesting method with variable speed drive
CN108307786A (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-07-24 湘潭智联技术转移促进有限责任公司 Harvester
CN109168572A (en) * 2018-08-01 2019-01-11 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 A kind of feeding mechanism of corn straw harvesting bundling all-in-one machine
CN109168572B (en) * 2018-08-01 2021-05-04 利辛县江淮扬天汽车有限公司 Feeding mechanism of corn stalk reaping and bundling integrated machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121107

Termination date: 20180116

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee