CN211563180U - Sludge crushing and drying machine - Google Patents

Sludge crushing and drying machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN211563180U
CN211563180U CN201920984865.4U CN201920984865U CN211563180U CN 211563180 U CN211563180 U CN 211563180U CN 201920984865 U CN201920984865 U CN 201920984865U CN 211563180 U CN211563180 U CN 211563180U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sludge
hopper
motor
blade
hopper bin
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201920984865.4U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯伟峰
张庆丰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xi'an Kingclean Environmental Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Xi'an Kingclean Environmental Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xi'an Kingclean Environmental Technology Co ltd filed Critical Xi'an Kingclean Environmental Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201920984865.4U priority Critical patent/CN211563180U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211563180U publication Critical patent/CN211563180U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Sludge (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud, include: the device comprises a rack and an induced draft fan, wherein a hopper bin is arranged on the rack, a feed inlet is formed in the top end of the hopper bin, and a discharge outlet is formed in the bottom end of the hopper bin; a support frame is fixed in the hopper bin, a motor is arranged on the support frame, and a protective cover is fixed above the motor; a multi-stage crushing mechanism is arranged on an output shaft of the motor and is used for crushing materials in the hopper bin; the draught fan set up in outside the hopper storehouse, the air inlet of draught fan with the safety cover is linked together. The sludge crushing dryer can crush and dry sludge, fully crush the sludge, obtain sludge with small particle size, meet the requirements of subsequent processes, remarkably reduce the moisture of the sludge, reduce the moisture content of the sludge by 5-10%, have good sludge drying effect, reduce the strength of manual treatment of the sludge, save time and labor and greatly improve the working efficiency.

Description

Sludge crushing and drying machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an environmental protection technical field of solid waste handles, concretely relates to sludge crushing and drying machine.
Background
At present, after the sludge is subjected to primary centrifugal treatment, the water content of the sludge is about 80%, the sludge has high water content and cannot be directly incinerated, and the sludge needs to be dehydrated and dried to reduce the water content and then can be incinerated. The sludge treatment mainly comprises sludge briquetting and sludge drying; wherein, the sludge drying is the dehydration of the sludge. The dehydration of sludge is a solid-liquid separation process, and the basic theory is developed on the basis of the theory of filtration, permeation, deposition and the like. At present, the main dehydration processes at home and abroad are divided into two types, including mechanical dehydration and drying dehydration. The mechanical dehydration is the most effective dehydration mode with the least energy consumption, and the mechanical method can enable the water content of the sludge to reach 60-80%.
In the prior art, the sludge is dried by adopting a sun drying and air drying mode, the dehydration efficiency is low, and the large scale is difficult to realize; and manual work is adopted for crushing treatment, so that the treatment mode not only improves the labor cost of enterprises and wastes time and labor, but also reduces the working efficiency.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
For solving the above problem, the utility model provides a sludge crushing dryer, this sludge crushing dryer can be dry while crushing mud, and is abundant to the mud breakage, and the particle diameter of gained mud is little, satisfies follow-up technological requirement, and can show the moisture that reduces mud, and the moisture content of mud can reduce 5-10%, and is effectual to sludge drying, reduces the intensity of manual handling mud, labour saving and time saving has improved work efficiency greatly.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical solution.
A sludge crushing dryer comprising: the device comprises a rack and an induced draft fan, wherein a hopper bin is arranged on the rack, a feed inlet is formed in the top end of the hopper bin, and a discharge outlet is formed in the bottom end of the hopper bin; a support frame is fixed in the hopper bin, a motor is arranged on the support frame, and a protective cover is fixed above the motor; a multi-stage crushing mechanism is arranged on an output shaft of the motor and is used for crushing materials in the hopper bin; the draught fan set up in outside the hopper storehouse, the air inlet of draught fan with the safety cover is linked together.
According to the utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud, frame are used for supporting the hopper storehouse, and the top of hopper storehouse is fixed with the cross support frame, is fixed with the motor on the cross support frame. Mud gets into from the feed inlet in hopper storehouse, and the motor is used for driving multistage broken mechanism level and rotates, carries out the breakage through multistage broken mechanism to the mud in the hopper storehouse, adopts multistage broken mechanism can make the mud broken more abundant, and the mud after the breakage gets into next link from the discharge gate in hopper storehouse. Preferably, multistage broken mechanism can be the broken mechanism of two-stage, and wherein, the broken mechanism of one-level carries out preliminary breakage to the mud in the hopper storehouse, and the mud after preliminary breakage carries out the degree of depth breakage through the broken mechanism of second grade. The safety cover above the motor can prevent sludge from falling onto the motor, and normal operation of the motor is guaranteed. The draught fan passes through pipeline and safety cover intercommunication, and it rotates through the impeller and produces the negative pressure for with the moisture in the hopper storehouse, thereby take away the moisture of mud, play the sludge drying effect. The utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud can be to the broken while drying of mud, and is abundant to the mud breakage, and the particle diameter of gained mud is little, satisfies follow-up technological requirement, and can show the moisture that reduces mud, and is effectual to the mud drying, reduces the intensity of manual handling mud, and labour saving and time saving has improved work efficiency greatly.
Preferably, each stage of the crushing mechanism comprises long blades and short blades, and the long blades and the short blades are longitudinally arranged on the output shaft of the motor in a staggered mode.
According to the utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud, every grade of broken mechanism contain long blade and short blade, vertically crisscross long blade and the short blade of being fixed with on the output shaft of motor, go up the top that the blade is located the short blade, realize the abundant breakage to the mud in the hopper storehouse through staggered arrangement's long blade and short blade, and can guarantee that the mud of different positions can both fully be broken in the hopper storehouse.
Preferably, the output shaft of the motor is collinear with the central line of the hopper bin, the length of the long blade is 1/2-3/4 of the radius of the hopper bin, and the length of the short blade is 1/4-1/2 of the radius of the hopper bin.
According to the utility model discloses a sludge crushing and drying machine, long blade are used for the broken mud that is close to hopper bin lateral wall department, and short blade is used for the broken mud that is close to motor output shaft department, and both mutually support, and is more abundant to the mud breakage in the hopper bin.
Preferably, each level of crushing mechanism still contains the iron chain, the iron chain bilateral symmetry set up in on the output shaft of motor, the iron chain is located the below of long blade and short blade.
According to the utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud, the iron chain of the below of long blade and short blade is used for getting rid of the mud after the blade is broken and beats to further carry out the breakage to mud, make the mud broken more abundant, guarantee simultaneously that the drying effect to mud is better.
Preferably, a material guide hopper is arranged on the inner wall of the hopper bin, and the material guide hopper is arranged below the iron chain.
According to the utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud, the iron chain below in every grade of broken mechanism all sets up a guide fill, and the broken mechanism of below can not set up the guide fill, and the guide fill is used for collecting the mud after the broken of every grade of broken mechanism of corresponding blade, realizes the utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud's serialization operation.
Preferably, the output shaft of the motor is connected with a hollow rotating shaft, the lower end of the hollow rotating shaft is close to the discharge hole of the hopper bin, the long blade is a hollow long blade, the hollow long blade is communicated with the hollow rotating shaft, and a plurality of vent holes are formed in the hollow long blade.
According to the utility model discloses a sludge crushing dryer, hollow long blade is linked together with hollow pivot, has a plurality of air vents on the hollow long blade, and outside air gets into through the lower extreme of hollow pivot to in air vent discharge to the hopper storehouse from long blade, become humid gas after the contact with the mud in the hopper storehouse, humid gas passes through the safety cover and gets into the draught fan, is taken away by the draught fan at last, thereby takes away the moisture in the mud, realizes the abundant drying to mud.
Preferably, the short blade is a hollow short blade, the hollow short blade is communicated with the hollow rotating shaft, and a plurality of vent holes are formed in the hollow short blade.
According to the utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud, a plurality of air vents on the hollow short blade further strengthen the area of contact of mud and air, further reduce the water content of mud, better to the drying effect of mud, drying efficiency is higher.
Preferably, the lower end of the hollow rotating shaft is a trumpet-shaped opening.
According to the sludge crushing dryer of the utility model, the horn-shaped opening can ensure that the outside air can more easily enter the hopper bin, so that the drying effect on the sludge is further improved; the trumpet-shaped opening can also be connected with a blower and used for blowing air into the hopper bin.
Drawings
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the sludge crushing dryer of the present invention.
In the above figures: 1, a frame; 2, a hopper bin; 201 a feed inlet; 202, discharging a material outlet; 203, a support frame; 3, a motor; 301 an output shaft; 4, a protective cover; 5, a draught fan; 6, a long blade; 7 short blades; 8, an iron chain; and 9, a material guide hopper.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, a sludge crushing dryer according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes: the device comprises a rack 1 and an induced draft fan 5, wherein a hopper bin 2 is arranged on the rack 1, a feeding hole 201 is formed in the top end of the hopper bin 2, and a discharging hole 202 is formed in the bottom end of the hopper bin 2; a support frame 203 is fixed in the hopper bin 2, a motor 3 is arranged on the support frame 203, and a protective cover 4 is fixed above the motor 3; a multi-stage crushing mechanism is arranged on an output shaft 301 of the motor 3 and is used for crushing materials in the hopper 2; draught fan 5 set up in outside the hopper 2, draught fan 5's air inlet with safety cover 4 is linked together.
In the above embodiment, the frame 1 is used for supporting the hopper 2, the cross support frame 203 is fixed above the hopper 2, and the motor 3 is fixed on the cross support frame 203. Mud gets into from hopper 2's feed inlet 201, and motor 3 is used for driving multistage crushing mechanism level and rotates, carries out the breakage to the mud in the hopper 2 through multistage crushing mechanism, adopts multistage crushing mechanism can make the mud broken more abundant, and the mud after the breakage gets into next link from hopper 2's discharge gate 202. Referring to fig. 1, according to the utility model discloses an embodiment, multistage crushing mechanism can be the broken mechanism of two-stage, and wherein, the broken mechanism of one-stage carries out preliminary breakage to the mud in the hopper 2, and the mud after preliminary breakage carries out the degree of depth breakage through the broken mechanism of second grade. The protection cover 4 above the motor 3 can prevent the sludge from falling onto the motor 3, and the normal operation of the motor 3 is ensured. Draught fan 5 passes through pipeline and 4 intercommunications of safety cover, and it rotates through the impeller and produces the negative pressure for with the moisture in hopper 2 storehouse, thereby take away the moisture of mud, play the sludge drying effect. The utility model discloses a broken desiccator of mud can be to the broken while drying of mud, and is abundant to the mud breakage, and the particle diameter of gained mud is little, satisfies follow-up technological requirement, and can show the moisture that reduces mud, and is effectual to the mud drying, reduces the intensity of manual handling mud, and labour saving and time saving has improved work efficiency greatly.
Referring to fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, each stage of the crushing mechanism comprises a long blade 6 and a short blade 7, and the long blade 6 and the short blade 7 are longitudinally and alternately arranged on the output shaft 301 of the motor 3.
In the above embodiment, each stage of crushing mechanism includes the long blade 6 and the short blade 7, the long blade 6 and the short blade 7 are longitudinally fixed on the output shaft 301 of the motor 3 in a staggered manner, the upper blade is located above the short blade 7, the long blade 6 and the short blade 7 which are arranged in a staggered manner are used for fully crushing the sludge in the hopper bin 2, and the sludge at different positions in the hopper bin 2 can be fully crushed.
Referring to fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, the output shaft 301 of the motor 3 is collinear with the center line of the hopper 2, the length of the long blade 6 is 1/2-3/4 of the radius of the hopper 2, and the length of the short blade 7 is 1/4-1/2 of the radius of the hopper 2.
In the above embodiment, the long blade 6 is used for crushing sludge near the side wall of the hopper 2, and the short blade 7 is used for crushing sludge near the output shaft 301 of the motor 3, which are matched with each other, so that sludge in the hopper 2 can be crushed more sufficiently.
Referring to fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, each stage of the crushing mechanism further includes an iron chain 8, the iron chain 8 is symmetrically disposed on the output shaft 301 of the motor 3, and the iron chain 8 is located below the long blade 6 and the short blade 7.
In the above embodiment, the iron chain 8 below the long blade 6 and the short blade 7 is used for throwing and beating the sludge after the blades are broken so as to further break the sludge, so that the sludge is broken more sufficiently, and the drying effect of the sludge is guaranteed to be better.
Referring to fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, a material guiding hopper 9 is disposed on an inner wall of the hopper 2, and the material guiding hopper 9 is disposed below the iron chain 8.
In the above embodiment, all set up a guide hopper 9 below the iron chain in every grade of crushing mechanism, the crushing mechanism of the bottommost can not set up guide hopper 9, and guide hopper 9 is used for collecting the broken mud of back of corresponding blade in every grade of crushing mechanism, realizes the utility model discloses a broken desiccator's of mud serialization operation.
Referring to fig. 1, according to the utility model discloses an embodiment, the output shaft 301 of motor 3 is connected with hollow rotating shaft, hollow rotating shaft's lower extreme is close to the discharge gate 202 of hopper 2, long blade 6 is hollow long blade, hollow long blade with hollow rotating shaft is linked together, be provided with a plurality of air vents on the hollow long blade.
In the above embodiment, the hollow long blade is communicated with the hollow rotating shaft, the hollow long blade is provided with a plurality of vent holes, external air enters through the lower end of the hollow rotating shaft and is discharged into the hopper bin 2 from the vent holes of the long blade 6, the external air is fully contacted with sludge in the hopper bin 2 and then becomes wet gas, the wet gas enters the induced draft fan 5 through the protective cover 4 and is finally pumped away by the induced draft fan 5, so that moisture in the sludge is taken away, and the sludge is fully dried.
Referring to fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, the short blade 7 is a hollow short blade, the hollow short blade is communicated with the hollow rotating shaft, and a plurality of air holes are provided on the hollow short blade.
In above embodiment, the area of contact of mud and air is further strengthened to a plurality of air vents on the hollow short blade, further reduces the water content of mud, and is better to the drying effect of mud, and drying efficiency is higher.
Referring to fig. 1, according to an embodiment of the present invention, the lower end of the hollow rotating shaft is a horn-shaped opening.
In the above embodiment, the trumpet-shaped opening can ensure that the external air can enter the hopper 2 more easily, so that the drying effect on the sludge is further improved; the trumpet-shaped opening can also be connected with a blower and used for blowing air into the hopper bin.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, if these modifications and variations of the present invention fall within the scope of the claims of the present invention and their equivalents, the present invention is also intended to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (8)

1. A sludge crushing dryer is characterized by comprising: the device comprises a rack (1) and an induced draft fan (5), wherein a hopper bin (2) is arranged on the rack (1), a feeding hole (201) is formed in the top end of the hopper bin (2), and a discharging hole (202) is formed in the bottom end of the hopper bin (2);
a support frame (203) is fixed in the hopper bin (2), a motor (3) is arranged on the support frame (203), and a protective cover (4) is fixed above the motor (3); a multi-stage crushing mechanism is arranged on an output shaft (301) of the motor (3), and the crushing mechanism is used for crushing materials in the hopper bin (2);
draught fan (5) set up in outside the hopper storehouse (2), the air inlet of draught fan (5) with safety cover (4) are linked together.
2. The sludge crushing dryer according to claim 1, wherein each stage of the crushing mechanism comprises long blades (6) and short blades (7), and the long blades (6) and the short blades (7) are longitudinally staggered on the output shaft (301) of the motor (3).
3. The sludge crushing dryer according to claim 2, wherein the output shaft (301) of the motor (3) is collinear with the center line of the hopper bin (2), the length of the long blade (6) is 1/2-3/4 of the radius of the hopper bin (2), and the length of the short blade (7) is 1/4-1/2 of the radius of the hopper bin (2).
4. The sludge crushing dryer according to claim 2, wherein each stage of the crushing mechanism further comprises an iron chain (8), the iron chains (8) are arranged on the output shaft (301) of the motor (3) in a bilateral symmetry mode, and the iron chains (8) are located below the long blade (6) and the short blade (7).
5. The sludge crushing dryer according to claim 4, wherein a material guiding hopper (9) is arranged on the inner wall of the hopper bin (2), and the material guiding hopper (9) is arranged below the iron chain (8).
6. The sludge crushing and drying machine according to claim 2, wherein a hollow rotating shaft is connected to an output shaft (301) of the motor (3), the lower end of the hollow rotating shaft is close to the discharge hole (202) of the hopper bin (2), the long blade (6) is a hollow long blade, the hollow long blade is communicated with the hollow rotating shaft, and a plurality of vent holes are formed in the hollow long blade.
7. The sludge crushing and drying machine according to claim 6, wherein the short blade (7) is a hollow short blade, the hollow short blade is communicated with the hollow rotating shaft, and a plurality of vent holes are arranged on the hollow short blade.
8. The sludge crushing dryer according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the lower end of the hollow rotating shaft is a trumpet-shaped opening.
CN201920984865.4U 2019-06-27 2019-06-27 Sludge crushing and drying machine Active CN211563180U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920984865.4U CN211563180U (en) 2019-06-27 2019-06-27 Sludge crushing and drying machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920984865.4U CN211563180U (en) 2019-06-27 2019-06-27 Sludge crushing and drying machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211563180U true CN211563180U (en) 2020-09-25

Family

ID=72521951

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920984865.4U Active CN211563180U (en) 2019-06-27 2019-06-27 Sludge crushing and drying machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211563180U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112718217A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-30 戚红艳 Biomass granular fuel forming machine for new energy

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112718217A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-30 戚红艳 Biomass granular fuel forming machine for new energy

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN211570430U (en) Domestic sludge dewatering processing system
CN211563180U (en) Sludge crushing and drying machine
CN208049555U (en) A kind of solid-liquid separating machine
CN208020549U (en) A kind of waste and old cable plastics retracting device
CN219347230U (en) A high-efficient drying device for organic garbage handles
CN219454511U (en) Dryer with swing lifting blade
CN205868494U (en) Novel crushing device
CN208975902U (en) A kind of waste recovery for extruder utilizes system
CN110803852A (en) Sludge conveying mechanism, sludge drying equipment and drying method
CN208688214U (en) A kind of screw feeding machine convenient for dry transport
CN210746996U (en) Rice processing device
CN213966978U (en) Crushing device for garbage disposal
CN213363261U (en) Efficient drying machine
CN212930879U (en) Safe and reliable drying device for feed production
CN210097099U (en) Special dryer for treating chromium-containing waste
CN209991736U (en) Energy-saving environment-friendly multifunctional double-vertical-tank drum dryer
CN210832963U (en) Saving type fodder drying device
CN210268110U (en) Drying device for sodium fluosilicate
CN208245431U (en) A kind of recyclable Environmental-protection garbage crushing and collecting device for making feed
CN213295136U (en) Drying device for sludge dewatering
CN210740961U (en) Plastic particle drying device
CN205886959U (en) Novel shelling of agricultural wheat is choice device
CN211570437U (en) Drum-type sludge drying machine
CN103557676B (en) A kind of horizontal dehydration takes off Paper pulp machine
CN110864520A (en) Textile auxiliary drying-machine of rotatable stoving

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant